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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-865363

ABSTRACT

The retinal organoid is one of the most widely studied organoids in vitro, which is an "organ in a dish" with a highly similar tissue structure to those in vivo.Since it was first reported, the differentiation methods of retinal organoids have been continously developed to improve the differentiation efficiency and achieve further maturation.Retinal organoids have a broad application prospect as developmental and disease models, as well as seed cells for replacement therapy.However, there are still some problems to be solved, including the universality, effectiveness, heterogeneity of retinal organoid differentiation, as well as the difference between retinal organoids development and the real fetal retinal development.Researchers should investigate the regulational mechanism during organoid development from molecular, genetic, cellular and histological structure levels in order to promote the clinical practices of organoid culture technology.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863105

ABSTRACT

Almost all life on Earth has a 24 h circadian rhythm. The circadian clock that controls the circadian rhythm is an important regulator of physiology and disease. Disturbance of circadian rhythm can negatively affect physiological homeostasis at the molecular, cellular, organ system, and whole organism levels. The circadian clock rhythm disorders are considered to be involved inmany cardiocerebrovascular diseases, such as ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction. Ischemic stroke is one of the main causes of long-term disability and death worldwide. The incidence is higher in the daytime and lower at night, but the exact mechanism of this time distribution is unclear. This article discusses the role of the circadian clock in stroke pathophysiological mechanism and the specific molecular mechanism of clock gene regulation. It is expected that molecular time can be used or changed to open up new targets for stroke treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863074

ABSTRACT

Personalized management of ischemic stroke prevention and treatment remains a top priority in the field of neurology. The purpose of this article is to elucidate the role of nontraditional lipid profile and traditional lipids in the pathogenesis and recurrence of acute ischemic stroke in order to provide new indicators for stroke prevention, risk grading and high-risk population screening, and attempt to discuss the potential predictive value of nontraditional lipid indicators.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878686

ABSTRACT

Hypertension plays an important role in the pathogenesis of stroke,which,however,is only known at the blood pressure level.The relationship between circadian rhythm of blood pressure(especially the circadian rhythm disorder of blood pressure)and stroke has been a hot research topic.This article reviews the concept of circadian rhythm of blood pressure,classification of circadian rhythm disorder of blood pressure,and the relationship of circadian rhythm disorder of blood pressure with ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Brain Ischemia/complications , Chronobiology Disorders/complications , Circadian Rhythm , Humans , Hypertension/complications , Ischemic Stroke/complications
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699833

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe c-Fos expression in visual cortex of infant rhesus monkeys with myopia induced by hyperopic defocus and preliminarily investigate the possibility of visual cortex participating in myopia. Methods Eight SPF grade healthy infant rhesus monkeys aged 20 to 30 days were randomly divided into hyperopic defocused group and control group,4 monkeys for each group. The monkeys in hyperopic defocused group wore -3 D spectacle lenses. The monkeys in control group wore 0 D lenses. The monkeys' refractive error,corneal topography, vitreous chamber depth were measured at the start of lens wear and at 2,4,6,8,12 weeks post-treatment. At 12 weeks post-treatment,the visual cortex tissues were removed for c-Fos protein measurement by immunohistochemistry and Western blot assays. The results were analyzed semiquantitatively to compare the differences of c-Fos expression between hyperopic defocused group and control group. The use and care of the animals complied with Regulations for the Administration of Affair Concerning Experimental Animals by State Science and Technology Commission. This study protocol was approved by Ethic Committee of Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center ( No. 2013-014). Results After 12 weeks'lens wear,the vitreous chamber elongation amplitude of hyperopic defocused group monkeys was more obvious than that of the control group ([0.93±0.24]mm vs. [0.72±0.09]mm;t=2.292,P=0.047). The decrease of hyperopic degrees of hyperopic defocused group monkeys was more obvious than that of the control group ([-3.23± 1.36]D vs. [-1.55±0.52]D;t=-3.273,P=0.006). The eyes of hyperopic defocused group monkeys appeared a remarkable myopic shift after treatment. The number of c-Fos immunoreactive neurons was less in the hyperopic defocused group than that in the control group,with a statistically significant difference between them ([1 843±191]/mm2vs. [2 296±503]/mm2;t=2.381,P=0.041). Western blot assay showed that the optical density of c-Fos protein in the hyperopic defocused group was significantly less than that in the control group (0.50±0.17 vs. 0.99± 0.22;t=-4.982,P<0.01). Conclusions Hyperopic defocus,as an abnormal visual stimulus,can induce the onset of myopia in infant rhesus monkeys and inhibit c-Fos expression in visual cortex. Visual cortex may participate in myopia induced by hyperopic defocus.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691428

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of leukemia-related genes on drug resistance in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Methods 74 patients with newly diagnosed AML were selected and 54 leukemia-associated genes of all patients were sequenced by second-generation gene sequencing. The gene with the highest mutation rate was further analyzed in association with resistance to several common chemotherapy medicines in in vitro drug sensitivity assays. In addition, in vitro drug resistance data were compared with the clinical data of patients. Results The TET2 gene was the most frequent mutation among 74 patients with newly diagnosed AML, with 11 positive patients. Among these 11 TET2 positive patients, 9 (81. 82% ) were resistant to daunorubicin, while only 4 (6. 35% ) out of 63 TET2 negative patients were resistant to daunorubicin. Besides, there was no significant difference between in vitro resistance rate to daunorubicin and the clinical data of patients. Conclusion TET2 gene mutation is associated with resistance to daunorubicin in AML patients, which may become an important indicator of the therapeutic efficacy of DA regimen.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687362

ABSTRACT

This experiment was to study the constituents of the roots of Viburnum setigerum through various column chromatographic techniques. Thirteen compounds were obtained and their structures were identified using chemical and spectroscopic methods as (7αH, 8'αH)-4, 4', 8α-trihydroxy-3, 3', 9-trimethoxy-7, 9'-epoxylignan (1), (7αH, 8'αH)-4, 4', 8α, 9-tetrahydroxy-3, 3'-dimethoxy-7, 9'-epoxylignan (2), alashinol G (3), alashinol F (4), (-)-secoisolariciresinol (5), (7R, 7'R, 8R, 8'S)-3, 3'-dimethoxy-7, 7'-epoxylignane -4, 4', 9, 9'-tetraol (6), (7αH, 8αH, 8'βH)-4, 4', 7'α, 9-tetrahydroxy-3, 3'-dimethoxy-7, 9'-epoxylignan (7), loganin (8), dihydroquercetin (9), protocatechuic acid (10), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxy-benzoic acid (11), adoxoside (12), and catechin (13). Compound 1 was a new compound. Compounds 3-7 and 11 were reported from the genus Viburnum for the first time. All compounds were separated from this plant for the first time.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-259819

ABSTRACT

Dislocation of proximal tibiofibular joint(PTFJ) is relatively infrequent in clinic, it can be either isolated or associated with tibia fracture, fibular fracture and ankle injury and so on. Chronic symptomatic PTFJ instability are easily mixed with meniscal tears. It was easily neglected because of the mild clinical presentation and atypical change on radiography. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to prevent chronic knee pain and instability. The paper concluded the anatomy, classification, complication, diagnosis, treatment, clinical effect and insufficient of the dislocation of PTFJ, to direct the diagnosis and treatment of proximal tibiofibular joint dislocation in clinical work.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638224

ABSTRACT

Glaucoma is a common blinding eye disease mainly characterized by optic nerve damage.Lowing intraocular pressure is still the main managing method of glaucoma up to now.However,although the intraocular pressure is reasonably controlled,optic nerve damage is difficult to recovery and sustainable development in some patients.Therefore,the pathogenesis and prevention and treatment of glaucoma have always been the hot spot of the research of glaucoma in recent years.Even though the big progresses have been made in the experimental research of optical nerve injury and repair,little good evidence has been seen in the clinical management of glaucoma neuroprotection.In recent years,genomics study,stem cells study,molecular biological study,electronic technology application in medical research,especially the rise of big data era laid a good basis for the neuroprotection of glaucoma.Ophthalmologists should focus on new insights into the potential and beyond impact factors in the precise individual therapy of glaucoma neuroprotection.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1323-1325, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-515013

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the effects of grape seed proanthocyanidin(GSP)on the transmembrane transport of sodium glycocholate (GA) and sodium taurocholate (TA) in colon glandular cell Caco-2. METHODS:Caco-2 model was used,and RP-HPLC was conducted to determine the contents of GA and TA in cell culture medium. The test was divided into GSP group, GA group,TA group,GSP+GA group and GSP+TA group,the transport volumes of transporting GA and TA from Transwell apical (AP)side to basolateral(BL)side by Caco-2 cell at 0,2,4,8 h were detected,respectively. RESULTS:The linear ranges of GA and TA were 0.05-1.2 mmol/L(R2=0.9999). With the time passing,transport volumes of GA and TA in BL site in GA group and TA group were sharply increased;while the transport volumes were obviously decreased after adding GSP,with statistical signifi-cance(P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS:GSP has inhibitory effect on the transmembrane transport of GA and TA in Caco-2 cell.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512686

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the functional and structural change in TgAP-PswePS1 transgenic mice after intensive light exposure insult.Methods APPswe/PS1 transgenic mice at the age of 6 months old were grouped for experiments,the transgenic mice were replaced by light insult device for 6 months,while the control mice were kept in normal conditions.After 6 months light exposure,the eyes of control and experimental mice were examined with electroretinography (ERG).The retinal morphology change was investigated with H&E staining.All of the results were quantified and statistically analyzed.Results In the control group,the amplitudes of a and b wave in the rod response were (18.33 ±3.53) μV and (107.58 ± 14.72) μV,while (64.80 ±7.57) μV and (178.76 ± 14.47) μV for the amplitudes of a and b wave in the maximum response;After treated by 6 months of intensive light exposure,in experimental group mice,the amplitudes of a and b wave in the rod response were (17.92 ±4.89) μV and (21.83 ± 5.51) μV;While in the maximum response a striking decrease was detected with a wave (18.23 ±4.44) μV and b wave (24.50 ± 4.49) μV,by compared with control group,the difference were statistical significant (all P < 0.05).Histopathological analysis found significant loss of outer nuclear layer,photoreceptor out segment,whereas controls remained little change in the retina.And the retinal thickness decreased significantly from (181.32 ± 13.47) μm in control group to (102.34 ±9.38) μm after light insults in experimental group,the difference was statistical significant (P =0.017).Conclusion Intensive light exposure can cause the retinal structural and functional disorder in the AP-Pswe/PS1 transgenic mouse.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510027

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the choroidal neovascularization (CNV)in TgAPPswePS1 transgenic mice after intensive light exposure injury.Methods Twenty TgAPPswe/PS1 transgenic mice at the age of 6 months were grouped for experiments.The treated groups of 12 mice were treated by a source of 10 000 lux cool full spectrum light for 6 months,12 hours per day;While the control groups of 8 mice were kept in normal conditions.The mice eyes of the experimental group and control group were examined with HE/Toluidin blue staining,the retinal structure was observed,and the number of CNV was counted.The expression of VEGF and Aβ were examined with immunofluorescence on the retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) flat mount.All of the results were quantified and statistically analyzed.Results After treated by 6 months of intensive light exposure in the experimental group,histopathological analysis has found significant loss of outer nuclear layer/photoreceptor out segment and outer plexiform layer as compared with the control group;At the same time,abnormal hypo-and hyper-pigmentation,vacuoles and disruption in the RPE layer,remarkable CNV were found in the experiment group by Toluidin blue staining,and the incidence of CNV was 18.75%.The VEGF expression domenstrated.a diffusive and deposition pattern along the neovessels which showed a significant increase of (6.59 ± 1.14) fold changes as compared with the control group.The difference was statistical significant (P < 0.05).Then the Aβ deposits were positive expressed in the RPE layers after intensive light exposure treatment,and pathological deposition of Aβ in the RPE showed plaque like displayed by confocal Z-stack microscopy,and the drusenoid Aβ deposits were found alone with the neovessels on the RPE flat mount.The deposition of Aβ protein increased with (6.45 ± 2.93) fold changes as compared with the control group,and the difference was statistical significant.Conclusion CNV with degenerative changes in the outer retina can be induced by intensive light exposure in the APPswe/PS1 transgenic mouse.These results suggest that an Alzheimer's transgenic animal model might be an alternative animal model for CNV if combined with intensive light exposure.

13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1300-1306, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301732

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the expression of stromal cell derived factor-1α (SDF-1α) receptor CXCR7 in acute monocytic leukemia (AML-M5), and its effects on proliferation, apoptosis, invasion of acute monocytic leukemia cell line THP-1.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>CXCR7 protein and mRNA expression levels in THP-1 cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) from the newly diagnosed AML-M5 patients and normal individuals were detected by flow cytometry, Western blot and RT-PCR respectively. CCK8, Annexin V/PI double staining and Transwell assay were used to observe the effects of CXCR7 on the proliferation, apoptosis, and invasion of THP-1 cells in vitro.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of CXCR7 on immature cell surface of the newly diagnosed AML-M5 patients was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). CXCR7 was also highly expressed on THP-1 cells surface. The CXCR7 protein and mRNA levels in THP-1 cells and PBMNC of AML-M5 patients were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The THP-1 cell proliferation activity was higher in SDF-1α-treated group, but this activity could be inhibited by CXCR7 antibody (P<0.01). CXCR7 antibody did not affect THP-1 cell apoptosis (P>0.05). CXCR7 antibody could inhibit SDF-1α -induced THP-1 cell invasiveness (P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>CXCR7 highly expresses in AML-M5 patients and THP-1 cells, and involves in cell proliferation and invasion. The blocking CXCR7 expression can reduce the risk of AML-M5 cell infiltration.</p>

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498789

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical therapeutic effect of acupuncture on pulmonary infection after acute cerebral infarction.Methods Seventy patients with pulmonary infection after acute cerebral infarction were randomly allocated to treatment and control groups, 35 cases each. The control group received routine medication and the treatment group, acupuncture in addition. Pre-treatment and post-treatment National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores and clinical pulmonary infection scores (CPIS) were compared between the two groups. The correlation between the NIHSS score and the CPIS score was observed.Results There were statistically significant pre-/post-treatment differences in the NIHSS score and the CPIS score in the two groups (P<0.05,P<0.01). There were statistically significant post-treatment differences in the NIHSS score and the CPIS score between the treatment and control groups (P<0.05). The correlation between the NIHSS score and the CPIS score was low in the treatment group after treatment (r=0.417,P<0.05).Conclusions Acupuncture plus medication is an effective way to treat pulmonary infection after acute cerebral infarction. It can improve the NIHSS score and the CPIS score in the patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 202-205, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278877

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the different outcomes by dexamethasone in adults immune thrombocytopenia purpura (ITP) with different types of platelet specific-autoantibodies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 185 ITP were enrolled, 61 males and 124 females, with a median age of 42 (18-83) years, including 117 newly diagnosed, 35 persistent, and 33 chronic cases. All the patients received the dexamethasone at an initial dose of 40 mg per day for 4 days and a low dose of 5-10 mg for 3-4 weeks. The platelet specific-autoantibodies were identified by the modified monoclonal antibody-specific immobilization of platelet antigen (MAIPA) assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the IgG positive patients, the response rates in anti-GPIIb/IIIa antibody, anti-GPIbα antibody, both antibody positive, and both antibody negative were 87.5%, 50.0%, 68.0%, and 72.3% (χ²=11.489, P<0.05), respectively. Among the IgM positive patients, the response rates in the four groups were 82.1%, 71.4%, 61.9%, and 68.9% (χ²=2.719, P=0.437), respectively. Among the GPIbα antibody positive patients, the response rates in IgG alone, IgM alone, both positive, and both negative were 52.4%, 59.1%, 76.1%, and 77.9% (χ²=10.811, P<0.05), respectively. Among the GPIIb/IIIa antibody positive patients, the response rates in the four groups were 73.3%, 71.0%, 78.6%, and 66.3% (χ²=1.374, P=0.719), respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>ITP patients with GPIbα-IgG antibody have worse response to dexamethasone treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Autoantibodies , Blood Platelets , Dexamethasone , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Young Adult
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1380-1385, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274031

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of divalent cation chelator EDTA and heparin sodium on the detection of ITP platelet-specific autoantibodies by the modified monoclonal antibody immobilization of platelet antigen assay (MAIPA) and to explore the relationship between types of platelet specific autoantibodies and glucocorticoid efficacy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The samples were obtained from EDTA- and heparin- anticoagulant ITP patients, respectively, so as to detect the platelet-specific autoantibodies (GPIIb/IIIa and GPIbα) in 140 ITP samples by modified MAIPA, then the differences between these two methods were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Out of 140 cases in EDTA group, 55 cases were positive for GPIIb/IIIa, while 76 cases in heparin group were positive for GPIIb/IIIa, 42 cases in both group were repeatable; among them 13 cases were positive in EDTA group and negative in heparin group, while 34 cases were positive in heparin group and negative in EDTA group, there was significant difference between them (x (2) = 9.38, P < 0.05), 62 cases in 140 cases of EDTA group were positive for GPIba, while 51 cases in heparin group were positive for GPIba, 42 cases in both group were repeatabe; among them 20 cases were positive in EDTA group and negative in heparin group, while 9 cases were positive in heparin group and negative in EDTA group, there was no significant difference between them (x (2) = 3.44, P > 0.05). A total of 320 cases received a standard glucocorticoid treatment, out of them 143 cases were positive for GPIbα with effective rate 39.9%, 177 cases were negative for GPIbα with effective rate 79.7%, there was statisticalty significant difference between them (x (2) = 53.115, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>EDTA anticoagulant (a divalent cation chelator) has a significant influence on detection of ITP platelet-specific autoantibodies (GPIIb/IIIa) by a modified MAIPA method and the GPIbα antibody positive may be one of the important factors that results in un-sensitivity of ITP patients to glucocorticoid treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Antibodies, Monoclonal , Anticoagulants , Therapeutic Uses , Antigens, Human Platelet , Autoantibodies , Blood , Blood Platelets , Allergy and Immunology , Fibrinolytic Agents , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , Heparin , Humans , Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , Blood , Allergy and Immunology
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257674

ABSTRACT

The high incidence of postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) after extracorporeal circulation has seriously affected the prognosis and quality of life. Its mechanism may involve the inflammatory response and oxidative stress,the excessive phosphorylation of tau protein, the decreased blood volume and oxygen in the cerebral cortex. Appropriate early warning indicators of POCD after the extracorporeal circulation should be chosen to facilitate the cross validation of the results obtained different technical approaches and thus promote the early diagnosis and treatment of POCD.


Subject(s)
Cerebral Cortex , Cognition , Cognition Disorders , Extracorporeal Circulation , Humans , Oxidative Stress , Oxygen , Phosphorylation , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Quality of Life , tau Proteins
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-481602

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Previous studies have suggested that achaete-scute homology 1 (ASCL1) plays a key role in the neuronal commitment. Therefore, somatic cels may directly differentiate into neurons by gene transfection ofASCL1, which wil provide new therapeutic strategies for optic nerve regeneration. OBJECTIVE:To construct a recombinant adenovirus vector expressing ratASCL1 gene for further research ofASCL1 gene function. METHODS:The ratASCL1 gene and advenovirus shuttle plasmid (pYr-adshuttle-4) which contained enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) reporter gene were cleaved by restriction endonucleaseXhoI andEcoR I. The target gene fragments were connected together to generate a recombinant plasmid pYr-ads-4-rat-ASCL1 and then transfected into E.coliDH5α. The plasmid was confirmed to be constructed as expectation by enzyme digestion and sequence reaction. The plasmid pYr-ads-4-rat-ASCL1 and pAd/PL-DEST were reconstructed by homologous recombination processes to obtain rat ASCL1 recombinant adenovirus vector. The plasmid pYrAd-rASCL1 was linearized byPac I and subsequently transfected into HEK293 cels for packaging and amplification. RatASCL1 gene in the recombinant adenoviruses were identified by PCR. Virus titer was determined by tissue culture infectious dose 50. Infection efficiency was monitored by EGFP expression. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Restriction endonuclease digestion and DNA sequencing showed that the recombinant adenovirus vector pAd-rat-ASCL1 was constructed correctly. The positive amplification bands of 862 bp could be seen in PCR analysis. The virus titer reached 2×1010 pfu/mL. Infection efficiency of recombinant adenovirus in HEK293 cels was more than 80%. The results indicate that the recombinant the adenovirus vector containingASCL1 with high titer and infection efficiency has been successfuly constructed, which can be helpful for further research of the function and clinical application ofASCL1 gene for optic nerve regeneration.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-475053

ABSTRACT

Introduced in the paper is a success story of the Singapore National Eye Center (SNEC) and Singapore Eye Research Institute (SERI) in medical care,research and education.Especially noteworthy are their initiatives in talent development,research and international cooperation,which are expected to be learnt by large eye care and research institutions in China in their discipline development,translational research and interdisciplinary talents development.

20.
Acta Universitatis Medicinalis Anhui ; (6): 512-514,515, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601195

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the alterations, relationship and clinical significance of CD4 +CD25 +CD127 low/ - regulatory T cells ( Treg ) and lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood of patients with acute myelocytic leukemia ( AML) . Methods The level of peripheral blood lymphocyte subsets and Treg of untreated AML patients and com-plete remission( CR) patients were tested by flow cytometry,and were compared with that of 30 normal controls. Re-sults The proportions of Treg were much higher in untreated AML patients and CR patients than in normal con-trols, while the mean proportion of Treg in untreated AML patients was higher than that in CR patients(P<0. 05). The proportions of NK( CD3 -CD16 +CD56 +) cells in untreated AML patients and CR patients were both decreased compared with normal controls,and the mean proportion of NK cells in untreated AML patients was lower than that in CR patients(P<0. 05). Compared with the normal controls,the proportions of CD3 +T cell, CD4 +T cell,and the ratio of CD4 +/CD8 + decreased in untreated AML patients ( P <0. 05 ) , but the proportions of CD8 +T cell was higher than in normal controls;the proportions of CD3 +T cell, CD4 + T cell, CD8 +T cell and the ratio of CD4 +/CD8 + in CR patients were close to the proportions in normal controls, but there was significant difference between CR patients and untreated AML patients(P<0. 05). Conclusion The increase of Treg, CD8 +T cell and decrease of NK cells, CD3 +T cell, CD4 +T cell, and the ratio of CD4 +/CD8 + in peripheral blood of patients with AML in-dicate that the immune function of patients with AML is depressed. Treg control the immune response of CD8 +T cells,at the same time inhibit the natural immune response of NK cells, playing a major role in the disorders of CD4 +T cells and CD8 +T cell balance,and closely relate with the development of AML. The immune treatment of patients with AML will be optimised by reducing the amount of Treg or removing the suppression function.

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