Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 173
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2734-2745, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999015

ABSTRACT

Four new triterpenoids, together with six known analogues, were isolated from an aqueous extract of the Ziziphus jujuba var. spinosa seeds, by multiple column chromatographic separation methods using stationary phases of macroporous adsorption resin, MCI resin, normal phase silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and Toyopearl HW-40C as well as preparative thin-layer chromatography and reversed-phase HPLC. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data analysis, the new structures were trivially named jujubaceanothoside A (1), 23-epijujuboside A (2), and jujubosides J and K (3 and 4), while the known analogues were identified as jujubosides A-C (5-7) and II (8), alphitolic acid (9), and betulinic acid (10). The structure of 1 was confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 992-1002, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978771

ABSTRACT

Seventeen minor triterpenoid acids (1-17) were isolated from an aqueous decoction of Uncaria rhynchophylla by a combinatory application of column chromatography using multiple stationary phases, including macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, Sephadex LH-20, Toyopearl HW-40C, silica gel, and C18 reversed phase silica gel, combined with separation techniques of flash chromatography (FC) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Their structures were determined by analysis of HR-ESI-MS, UV, CD, and IR as well as 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data, of which eight new compounds (1-8) are named successively uncarinic acids Q-X, while the structures of 2 and 7 were confirmed by single crystal X-ray diffraction. In the in vitro assays, 27-hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid (17) inhibited TGF-β-induced HSC-T6 cell activation at the concentration of 5 μmol·L-1.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 975-991, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978770

ABSTRACT

Ten dimeric phthalide racemates (1-10) were isolated from an aqueous extract of the Angelica sinensis root head (Guitou) by separation techniques of column chromatography over macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, silica gel, and Sephadex LH-20, together with preparative thin-layer chromatography and reversed phase HPLC. The racemates were further separated into (+)-/(-)-1-(+)-/(-)-10 with chiral HPLC. Their structures including absolute configurations were elucidated by comprehensive analysis of spectroscopic data, combined with electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and NMR calculations as well as single crystal X-ray diffractions. Compounds (+)-/(-)-1-(+)-/(-)-10 are either new structure or new natural product, named (+)-/(-)-angelidipthalidic acids A-H [(+)-/(-)-1-(+)-/(-)-8] and (+)-/(-)-angelidipthalidols A and B [(+)-/(-)-9 and (+)-/(-)-10], respectively. Meanwhile, dimeric phthalide mono- and bis-lactone derivatives with 3.3′a,8.6′- and 3.6′,8.3′a-coupling patterns as well as determination of their relative configurations are discussed.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1641-1649, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978731

ABSTRACT

Eleven monoterpenes including seven new chemical structures or new natural products covering two pairs of scalemic enantiomers, together with four known analogues, were isolated from an aqueous extract of the Angelica sinensis root head (Guitou) by separation techniques of column chromatography over macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and Toyopearl HW-40C, together with preparative thin-layer chromatography as well as reversed phase and chiral HPLC. Their structures were determined by spectroscopic data analysis, combined with theoretic calculation of electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra and single crystal X-ray diffraction. The new structures or new natural products named (+)-/(-)-angelinones A and B [(+)-/(-)-1 and (+)-/(-)-2], angelinones C and D (3 and 4), and angelinol A (5), respectively, while the known analogues were 6β,9-dihydroxy-(+)-α-pinene (6), 1,1,5-trimethyl-2-hydroxymethyl-cyclohexa-2,5-dien-4-one (7), jasminol E (8), and (+)-trans-sobrerol (9). All the isolates were reported in this plant for the first time, except for the previously reported 6 from an ethanol extract of the aerial parts of A. sinensis, of which the structure was confirmed by X-ray crystallography in this study.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3701-3709, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004645

ABSTRACT

Twelve compounds, including 5 new monoterpenes and 7 known derivatives, were isolated from a water decoction of Monochasma savatieri by column chromatography over macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, Sephadex LH-20, and HW-40C, combined with preparative TLC, reversed phase HPLC, and flash column chromatographic techniques. Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive analysis of spectroscopic data, along with enzymatic hydrolysis as well as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and NMR calculations, the new structures named monochaside I (1) and monochairidols A-D (2-5), respectively. The known compounds 6-12 were obtained from the Monochasma plants for the first time.

6.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 35-40, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933753

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the feasibility and clinical efficacy of reperfusion-expanding-thrombectomy-stenting (RETS) technique in the endovascular treatment of acute carotid artery tandem lesion.Methods:The general clinical data of 88 patients with carotid artery tandem lesion who received emergency endovascular treatment from January 2018 to December 2020 in Department of Neurology, Linyi People′s Hospital were reviewed, the Modified Rankin Scale (mRS) was used as the evaluation standard for the prognosis of patients at 90 days after endovascular treatment, and the clinical data were analyzed, including the recanalization (modified thrombolysis in cerebral infarction ≥2b), perioperative complications and 90-day prognosis, and good prognosis was defined as a mRS score of 0-2.Results:A total of 88 patients with tandem carotid artery disease were included,48 of whom were treated with RETS technique, 40 were treated with anterograde approach. Compared with antegrade recanalization, RETS technique had significant differences in the time from puncture to recanalization [(72.06±17.29) min vs (98.88±26.09) min, t=-5.56, P<0.001] and the primary recanalization rate [35/48(73.0%) vs 21/40(52.5%),χ2=3.93 ,P=0.047], with statistically significant difference. There was no significant difference in clinical prognosis and surgical complications between the two methods (all P>0.05). Conclusions:RETS technique can shorten the operation time and increase the primary recanalization rate. RETS technique is safe and feasible for the treatment of carotid tandem lesions.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1832-1839, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929456

ABSTRACT

Five new megastigmanes (1-5) were isolated from a decoction of Uncaria rhynchophylla by separation techniques of column chromatography using a combination of multiple stationary phases, including macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, and Toyopearl HW-40F, and reversed phase HPLC. Their structures were characterized by spectroscopic data analysis of HR-ESI-MS, NMR, and CD, in combination with Mosher's mothed as well as ECD and NMR calculations. The new compounds were named uncarphyllonone A (1), uncarphyllonols A (2) and B (3), and uncarphabscisic acids A (4) and B (5). Although the structures of 3 and 4 were previously reported, the reported NMR spectroscopic data were incorrect or do not support the assigned structures in literatures. This is also the first report of discovery of new megastigmane natural products from the Uncaria genus.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2405-2415, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937060

ABSTRACT

Eleven monoterpene glucosides were isolated from a water decoction of Monochasma savatieri by column chromatography over macroporous adsorbent resin, MCI resin, Sephadex LH-20, and HW-40C, combined with preparative TLC, reversed phase HPLC, and flash column chromatographic techniques. Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive analysis of spectroscopic data, along with acidic and enzymatic hydrolysis as well as electronic circular dichroism (ECD) and NMR calculations, including six new compounds (1-4, 7 and 8), named monochasides A-D, G and H, respectively. Comparing the reported data of 9-hydroxylinaloyl 3-O-β-D-glucoside (5), (6Z)-9-hydroxylinaloyl 3-O-β-D-glucoside (6), and kankanoside D1 (9) with those obtained in this study, the absolute configurations of 6 and 9 were proved for the first time. Other two compounds were identified as 8-hydroxygeraniol 1-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (10) and 8-hydroxygeraniol 8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (11), respectively.

9.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 693-698, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958070

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the risk factors of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with multiple wasp stings.Methods:Patients with multiple wasp stings were retrospectively enrolled in Hanzhong Central Hospital from September 2010 to November 2020. Based on whether the patients developed AKI, the patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group. The general characteristics and laboratory examinations between the two groups were compared. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the risk factors of AKI.Results:A total of 356 patients with multiple wasp stings were recruited in this study, with 196 males (55.1%). The age was 56.0(45.0, 64.0) years old. There were 59 patients (16.6%) with hypertension and 13 patients (3.6%) with diabetes. There were 51 patients (14.3%) in the AKI group and 305 patients (85.7%) in the non-AKI group. Baseline data and biochemical examinations indicated that the two groups showed significant differences in gender, age, sting sites (systemic or local), sting needles, proportions of gross hematuria, leukocyte count, hemoglobin, creatine kinase, alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, total bilirubin, proportions of urinary protein, and proportions of urine occult blood (all P<0.05). The multivariate logistic regression analysis results showed that the increasing number of sting needles (every 10 needles increase, OR=1.866, 95% CI 1.289-2.071, P=0.001), gross hematuria ( OR=9.770, 95% CI 2.586-36.910, P=0.001), decreasing hemoglobin (every 1 g/L increase, OR=0.016, 95% CI 0.001-0.355, P=0.009), increasing aspartate aminotransferase (every 100 U/L increase, OR=1.311, 95% CI 1.144-1.502, P<0.001), and increasing total bilirubin (every 10 μmol/L increase, OR=1.200, 95% CI 1.008-1.430, P=0.041) were independent influencing factors of AKI. Conclusions:The increasing number of sting needles, gross hematuria, decreasing hemoglobin, increasing aspartate aminotransferase, and increasing total bilirubin are independent risk factors of AKI in patients with multiple wasp stings.

10.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 540-546, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957878

ABSTRACT

Objective:To survey the teaching ability of general practitioners(GPs) in community health centers of Shanghai, and its influencing factors.Methods:A questionnaire survey on the teaching ability of general practice trainers was conducted from January to February 2017. The participants of the survey were GPs with teaching experiences from community health centers in Shanghai selected by a stratified and proportional cluster sampling method. The questionnaire included two aspects: the general information and teaching ability of the participants. The influencing factors of teaching ability were analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression analysis.Results:A total of 1 138 GPs from 116 selected community health centers participated in the questionnaire survey, among whom 63.6% (724/1 138) worked in community teaching bases and 78.5% (893/1 138) had received training for trainers. The total score of teaching ability was 38.00 (30.00, 40.00). The score of the item"interesting in teaching"was (3.46±0.80), 75%—80% of the other questions answered "yes". The score of"application of multi-teaching methods"was (3.78±0.72). Multivariate analyses showed that working for 5—9 and 10—19 years [ OR=7.14 (2.47—11.81), P=0.003; OR=5.32 (1.30—9.33), P=0.009], working in community teaching bases [ OR=13.23 (9.88—16.57), P<0.001] and receiving training for trainers [ OR=17.76 (13.80—21.71), P<0.001] were influencing factors of teaching ability. Conclusion:The main problems related to teaching ability in community GPs are lack of teaching interest and the poor application of multi-teaching methods, the relevant training is necessary for them in the future.

11.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 554-560, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of urinary incontinence (UI) in China by using random forest algorithm, and to evaluate the predictive effect of each risk factor on UI.Methods:A baseline survey with a multistage stratified cluster sampling design was conducted between February 2014 and January 2016, and followed up by telephone from June to December 2018. A total of 55 477 adult women from six provinces of China participated the survey. According to the ratio of 1:1, under sampling method was used to randomly select the same number of women as UI from the non UI women. The data were randomly divided into training set and verification set according to 7:3. The training set was used to establish the random forest model, which including the candidate variables with P<0.2 in univariate analysis, and the verification set was used to verify the predictive effects. Results:A total of 30 658 patients (55.26%, 30 658/55 477) completed the follow-up, the median follow-up time was 3.7 years. Among the 24 985 women without UI at baseline, 1 757 (7.03%, 1 757/24 985) had UI at followed up, including 1 117 (4.47%, 1 117/24 985) with stress UI, 243 (0.97%, 243/24 985) with urgency UI and 397 (1.59%, 397/24 985) with mixed UI. When fixed the number of features as 2 and the number of random trees as 300 in the random forest model, the out of bag error rate estimation was the lowest; with such parameter settings, the classification accuracy was 64.3%, the sensitivity was 64.2%, and the specificity was 64.4%. The top10 predictive UI factors that screening by the variable importance measure in random forest model were obtained as follows: age, parity, delivery pattern, body mass index (BMI), menopause, history of diabetes, education level, history of pelvic surgery, regions, and marital status.Conclusion:We identified the top10 predictive UI factors that screening by the variable importance in random forest model as follows: age, parity, delivery pattern, BMI, menopause, history of diabetes, education level, history of pelvic surgery, regions, and marital status.

12.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 671-675, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909382

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate clinicians' compliance with the 2018 Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) update "1-hour sepsis Bundle therapy" (1-hour Bundle) when treating patients with Sepsis 3 in the intensive care unit (ICU), and to analyze its impact on patient outcomes.Methods:A multicenter, prospective observational cohort study was conducted. A total of 153 ICU patients in Ziyang First People's Hospital, Ziyang People's Hospital and Yanjiang District People's Hospital who were diagnosed of sepsis by the definition and diagnostic criteria of Sepsis 3 from January 2019 to December 2020 were selected. Among them, 95 patients who had completed 1-hour Bundle were divided into the Bundle compliance group. 58 patients who did not complete the Bundle within 1 hours were classified as the Bundle non-compliance group. The distribution of pathogenic bacteria and infected sites, 1-hour Bundle compliance and 28-day survival in the 3 hospitals were analyzed. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognostic between the two groups of sepsis patients. Cox regression model was used to draw a 28-day survival curve to evaluate the survival of the patients in the two groups.Results:Among 153 sepsis patients in 3 hospitals, the detection rate of pathogenic bacteria was 61.44% (94/153), and Gram-negative bacteria accounted for 79.79% (75/94). The top 3 infection sites were respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract and urinary system, accounted for 32.0%, 28.1% and 18.3%, respectively. In the 3 hospitals, 62.09% (95/153) of patients fully implemented the 1-hour Bundle. The poorly implemented indicators in the 1-hour Bundle were 1-hour blood microbial culture [77.78% (119/153)] and 1-hour antimicrobial application [79.74% (122/153)]. There was no significant difference in the baseline indicators between Bundle compliance and non-compliance groups. Univariate analysis showed that the main prognostic indicators: 28-day survival rate in the Bundle compliance group was significantly higher than that in the Bundle non-compliance group [80.00% (76/95) vs. 62.06% (36/58), χ2= 6.447, P = 0.014]. Secondary evaluation indicators: mean arterial pressure (MAP) at 6 hours and 24 hours in the Bundle compliance group were significantly higher than those in the Bundle non-compliance group [mmHg (1 mmHg = 0.133 kPa): 78.22±11.25 vs. 69.86±14.04, 79.78±11.45 vs. 75.35±12.90]. However, the median length of in hospital stay in the Bundle compliance group was significantly longer than that in the Bundle non-compliance group [days: 13 (17) vs. 6 (11)], with statistically significant differences (all P < 0.05). Bivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that 6 hours and 24 hours MAP were risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with sepsis [odds ratio ( OR), 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.064 (0.994-1.102), 1.032 (1.003-1.063), both P < 0.05]. Conclusions:The 1-hour Bundle compliance rate of ICU patients with sepsis in 3 hospitals of Ziyang City was 62.09%, and the compliance is still to be improved, especially for the 2 aspects of empirical antimicrobial use and microbial culture retention before antimicrobial use. The 28-day survival rate in the Bundle compliance group was significantly higher than that in the Bundle non-compliance group, suggesting that the 1-hour Bundle regimen can improve the prognosis of patients with sepsis.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 200-205, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It has been a global trend that increasing complications related to pelvic floor surgeries have been reported over time. The current study aimed to outline the development of Chinese pelvic floor surgeries related to pelvic organ prolapse (POP) over the past 14 years and investigate the potential influence of enhanced monitoring conducted by the Chinese Association of Urogynecology since 2011.@*METHODS@#A total of 44,594 women with POP who underwent pelvic floor surgeries between October 1, 2004 and September 30, 2018 were included from 22 tertiary academic medical centers. The data were reported voluntarily and obtained from a database. We compared the proportion of each procedure in the 7 years before and 7 years after September 30, 2011. The data were analyzed by performing Z test (one-sided).@*RESULTS@#The number of different procedures during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018 was more than twice that during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011. Regarding pelvic floor surgeries related to POP, the rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased from 38.1% (5298/13,906) during October 1, 2004-September 30, 2011 to 46.0% (14,107/30,688) during October 1, 2011-September 30, 2018, whereas the rate of non-mesh procedures decreased from 61.9% (8608/13,906) to 54.0% (16,581/30,688) (Z = 15.53, P < 0.001). Regarding synthetic mesh surgeries related to POP, the rates of transvaginal placement of surgical mesh (TVM) procedures decreased from 94.1% (4983/5298) to 82.2% (11,603/14,107) (Z = 20.79, P < 0.001), but the rate of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (LSC) procedures increased from 5.9% (315/5298) to 17.8% (2504/14,107).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rate of synthetic mesh procedures increased while that of non-mesh procedures decreased significantly. The rate of TVM procedures decreased while the rate of LSC procedures increased significantly.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER@#NCT03620565, https://register.clinicaltrials.gov.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , China , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Pelvic Floor/surgery , Pelvic Organ Prolapse/surgery , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vagina
14.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 932-939, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921831

ABSTRACT

Craniofacial malformation caused by premature fusion of cranial suture of infants has a serious impact on their growth. The purpose of skull remodeling surgery for infants with craniosynostosis is to expand the skull and allow the brain to grow properly. There are no standardized treatments for skull remodeling surgery at the present, and the postoperative effect can be hardly assessed reasonably. Children with sagittal craniosynostosis were selected as the research objects. By analyzing the morphological characteristics of the patients, the point cloud registration of the skull distortion region with the ideal skull model was performed, and a plan of skull cutting and remodeling surgery was generated. A finite element model of the infant skull was used to predict the growth trend after remodeling surgery. Finally, an experimental study of surgery simulation was carried out with a child with a typical sagittal craniosynostosis. The evaluation results showed that the repositioning and stitching of bone plates effectively improved the morphology of the abnormal parts of the skull and had a normal growth trend. The child's preoperative cephalic index was 65.31%, and became 71.50% after 9 months' growth simulation. The simulation of the skull remodeling provides a reference for surgical plan design. The skull remodeling approach significantly improves postoperative effect, and it could be extended to the generation of cutting and remodeling plans and postoperative evaluations for treatment on other types of craniosynostosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Computer Simulation , Cranial Sutures/surgery , Craniosynostoses/surgery , Skull/surgery
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5585-5592, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921741

ABSTRACT

Intestinal microecology is an important defense system in the human body. The intestinal flora is the core micro-ecosystem in the human intestine. It has a symbiotic relationship with the overall functions of the body. It has strong metabolic activity to maintain the normal functioning of the body and resist the invasion of various viral antigens in the body. Playing a protective function,the imbalanced intestinal microecology can cause various diseases. Polysaccharides can be extracted from a wide range of sources and have low toxicity and side effects. They have attracted wide attention because of their anti-tumor, anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and other biological activities. Studies have demonstrated that polysaccharides can regulate intestinal microecological disorders. According to the studies in recent years, this review summarizes that polysaccharides mainly modulate intestinal microecological disorders through regulating the composition of intestinal flora, improving the metabolism of the flora, and repairing the intestinal tract barrier. On the basis of these mechanisms of action, this paper elaborates the anti-tumor, immunomodulatory, and anti-inflammatory activities of polysaccharides. This paper can provide reference for the future research on the intestinal microecology-regulating mechanism and biological activities of polysaccharides.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Ecosystem , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Intestines , Polysaccharides/pharmacology
16.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 524-528, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868481

ABSTRACT

Objective:To build patient setup workflow based on the optical surface monitoring system (OSMS) in postoperative radiotherapy for breast cancer, and compare the setup accuracy and PTV margin between OSMS based setup and conventional skin marker based method.Methods:The setup data of 20 cases of postoperative radiotherapy for breast cancer were retrospectively analyzed and divided into two groups: OSMS setup group and conventional skin marker setup group with 10 patients in each group. All CBCT rigid registration values in six dimensions ( x, y, z, Rtn, Pitch, Roll) were obtained, and the absolute value and distribution of errors were statistically analyzed by single sample t-test and χ2-test respectively. Finally, the CTV-PTV margins were compared using the extension formula. Results:The mean values in OSMS setup group and conventional skin marker setup group in sixdirections were 0.18 and 0.18 cm, 0.12 and 0.13 cm, 0.13 and 0.23 cm, 0.55° and 0.74°, 0.63° and 0.99°, 0.67° and 0.68°, respectively, while the standard deviations were 0.13 and 0.12 cm, 0.09 and 0.09 cm, 0.11 and 0.16 cm, 0.37° and 0.55°, 0.53° and 0.65°, 0.42° and 0.55°, respectively. The setup error differed in both z and Pitch directions( t=3.53, 2.98, P<0.05), while the error distribution rate difference was statistically significant between two groups in z direction( χ2=11.090, P<0.05). The CTV-PTV margins in OSMS setup group and conventional skin marker setup group were 0.28 and 0.26 cm, 0.21 and 0.20 cm, 0.24 and 0.35 cm, respectively. Conclusions:The proposed OSMS-based patient setup work flow is better than the conventional skin marker based method in setup accuracy, with significant setup error differences in z and Pitch directions. The proposed OSMS workflow is of potential clinical benefit.

17.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 203-208, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868420

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and optimization effect of modifying the Henry Ford Hospital (HFHS) RapidPlan model for stereotactic body radiation therapy planning based on local requirements.Methods:The following changes were made based on Henry Ford Health System(HFHS) Rapid Plan Lung SBRT model, taking the latest clinical guideline evidence and local clinical practice into account: Internal gross target volume(IGTV) and organ at risk(OAR) structure, lung, were added and set corresponding parameters.The upper value of planning target volume (PTV) was adjusted from 109% to 125%. The original training library was replaced with 73 local historical simultaneous integrated boosting plans, and statistical verification and outlier cleaning of the initial trained model were performed using Model Analytics software. Totally 10 cases not included in the model library were selected for independent verification, and automatic optimization result of the models before and after modifying were compared under the same beam condition. The following dosimetric parameters were compared after target dose normalization: conformal index (CI) of target volume, the mean doses, maximum doses and dose-volume parameters of OARs.Results:The " tail" of the PTV′s DVH and the " shoulder" and " tail" of the IGTV′s DVH of model M (local) validation plan (M (local)_P) performs higher than the original model HFHS (HFHS_P). The PTV_CI (1.07±0.13) of M local_P were significantly smaller than HFHS_P (1.25±0.24) ( Z=-2.497, P<0.05). Except for Heart_ D15 cm 3 and Heart_ Dmax, most of the M local_P dosimetric parameters of OARs were lower than HFHS_P, and the standard deviation was smaller. However, the difference of between two plans was no more than 3.06%. 10 HFHS_P plans don′t satisfy dose parameters requirement, two of which PTV_CI values are 1.52 and 1.74, far beyond the clinically acceptable range. Conclusions:Commercial model HFHS could be localized by replacing training library and adjusting parameters. Moreover, plans optimized by the modified model are local clinical acceptable in the aspects of target volume conformity and hotspots, and have a better performance in terms of OAR sparing and plan consistency.

18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 877-883, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821696

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effect of a novel adenosine derivative YZG-331 on the glutamate (Glu) content and its receptor N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) in mouse frontal cortex. All procedures in this research were approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to detect the Glu contents in the mouse frontal cortex tissue homogenate and extracellular fluid which were collected by brain microdialysis method. Western blot and co-immunoprecipitation methods were used to detect the expressions of NMDAR in cell membranes and endosomes, as well as the expression levels of endocytosis-related proteins and their interaction. The results showed that there was no significant change in Glu content in the dialysates from mouse frontal cortex within 0-0.5 h period and 0.5-1 h period after intragastric administration of YZG-331 (40 mg·kg-1). Compare to the control group, the Glu content in mouse frontal cortex homogenates has no significant statistical differences after 15 minutes of administration of compound YZG-331. YZG-331 significantly decreased the expressions of NMDAR subunits NR1 and NR2B in the mouse frontal cortex cell membrane, meanwhile significantly increased the expressions of NR1 and NR2B proteins in the frontal cortex endosomes. It also increased the phosphorylation levels of NMDAR subunit NR2B in the frontal cortex. In addition, the result of co-immunoprecipitation which used NR2B as bait protein showed that the expression of postsynaptic density-95 (PSD95) in NR2B and PSD95 immunoprecipitation complexes in mouse frontal cortex tissues was significantly reduced. These results indicate that YZG-331 does not affect the Glu content in mouse frontal cortex, but it weakens the interaction between NR2B and PSD95 by increasing the phosphorylation level of NR2B in the mouse frontal cortex. Therefore, it reduces the membrane stability of NMDAR and promotes NMDAR's endocytosis, which leading to the decrease of excitotary transmission. It may be one of the mechanisms of YZG-331 to exert sedative and hypnotic effects.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3395-3406, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828432

ABSTRACT

According to the latest data, the annual mortality rate of liver cancer in China ranks the second among malignant tumors, and it has become one of the most fatal cancers in urban and rural areas. This article starts with the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicines for liver cancer to summarize the relevant literature at home and abroad, with the hope to provide theoretical references for the development of traditional Chinese medicines against liver cancer. The results show that the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicines such as Chinese herbal extracts, flavonoids, polysaccharides, alkaloids, saponins, volatile oils, terpenes, quinones, phenols, bioenzymes, and protein components are the entry points, mainly by inhibiting the proliferation of cancer cells, blocking the cancer cell cycle, inhibiting the invasion and metastasis of cancer cells, regulating signal pathways, regulating vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) and reactive oxygen species(ROS), etc. to play the effects against liver cancer. It can be seen that the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine with coordinated intervention effects at multiple levels and multiple targets are expected to become ideal medicines for the treatment of liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3584-3593, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828409

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is a disease with high mortality, which threatens the health of people for a long time. At present, the main treatment methods are surgery and chemotherapy, but these methods have great harm to the human body. However, it is found that the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine have an obvious therapeutic effect in the adjuvant treatment of the tumor. Therefore, the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine have become a research hotspot in the anti-tumor field. In recent years, many related researchers have been particularly active in studying the in vitro activity and mechanism of active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine on human gastric cancer cells. In this paper, the Chinese herbal medicine extracts, polysaccharides, alkaloids, saponins, flavones, terpenes, quinones, volatile oils, esters, phenols, protein components and other active ingredients of Chinese medicine were used as the starting points to investigate the anti-gastric cancer mechanism, such as inhibiting cell proliferation and inducing apoptosis of cancer cells, inhibiting cell invasion and migration; inhibiting over-expression of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF); interfering with cell mitosis; and regulating cell signaling pathways. Their in vitro inhibitory activity and mechanism for gastric cancer cells were described in this study, providing a theoretical reference for the development and application of anti-gastric cancer drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Saponins , Stomach Neoplasms , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL