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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874807

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: To retrospectively analyze the clinical characteristics and surgical experience of 10 adults with spinal extradural meningeal cysts (SEMCs) in the thoracolumbar spine which may further provide evidence for surgical decision-making. @*Methods@#: Ten adults with SEMCs in the thoracolumbar spine were surgically treated and enrolled in this study. Clinical manifestations, imaging data, intraoperative findings and postoperative outcome were recorded. @*Results@#: Clinical manifestations of SEMCs included motor and sensory dysfunction of the lower limbs and urination and defecation disturbance. The cysts presented as intraspinal occupying lesions dorsal to the spine, ranging from the T8 to L3 level. Defects of eight cases were found on preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Selective hemilaminectomy or laminectomy were used to reveal the defect within the cyst, which was further sutured with microscopic technique. The final outcome was excellent or good in seven cases and fair in three cases. No recurrence was observed during follow-up. @*Conclusion@#: SEMCs are rare intraspinal cystic lesions. Radiography and MRI are clinically practical methods to assess defects within SEMCs. Selective hemilaminectomy or laminectomy may reduce surgical trauma. Detection and microscopic suturing of the defects are the key steps to adequately decompress the nervous tissue and prevent postoperative recurrence.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To correlate neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and platelet/lymphocyte ratio with diabetic nephropathy (DN).Methods:A total of 160 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) who received treatment between January 2017 and October 2020 in People's Hospital of Suzhou National New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone were included in this study. These patients were randomly divided into DN [urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR) ≥ 30 μg/mg, n = 85) and non-DN (UACR < 30 μg/mg, n = 75)] groups according to UACR values. A total of 150 healthy controls who concurrently received health examination were included in the control group. The clinical data and biochemical indicators were collected in each group and their clinical characteristics were compared. The factors that affect DN were analyzed using a logistic regression model. Results:Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with T2DM were (2.14 ± 1.12) and (175.00 ± 56.21), respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the healthy controls [(1.53 ± 0.29), (142.70 ± 37.25), t = 3.584, 5.642, both P < 0.05). NLR and PLR in the DN group were (2.64 ± 1.22) and (278.00 ± 72.23), respectively, which were significantly higher than those in the non-DN group [(1.80 ± 0.90), (193.00 ± 62.40), t = 2.738, 3.166, both P < 0.05)]. Logistic regression analysis showed that NLR and PLR are the risk factors of DN ( OR = 5.981, 1.807; 95% CI = 2.104-15.563, 1.327-2.795). Conclusion:Combined detection of NLR and PLR in the clinic may help early prediction of DN.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793038

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of electroacupuncture (EA) on the rehabilitation of knee joint function after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction.@*METHODS@#A total of 140 patients with ACL reconstruction were randomly divided into an observation group (58 cases recruited, 12 cases dropped out) and a control group (65 cases recruited, 5 cases dropped out). The patients in the control group were treated with routine rehabilitation treatment. The patients in the observation group, on the basis of the treatment in the control group, were treated with EA at Fengshi (GB 31), Futu (ST 32), Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Fenglong (ST 40), Xuanzhong (GB 39), Diji (SP 8) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) on the affected side (2 Hz/100 Hz of dilatational wave, 2-5 mA). Each EA treatment lasted 20-30 min, twice a day for 7 days. The swelling degree (d), pain visual analogue scale (VAS), knee joint range of motion (ROM), scores of International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) subjective short form and scores of Lysholm were observed in the two groups 1 day, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after operation.@*RESULTS@#One month and 3 months after operation, the swelling degree (d) and VAS scores in the observation group were lower than those in the control group (0.05). One month, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year after operation, the ROM of the knee joint in the observation group was higher than that in the control group (<0.05), the IKDC score and Lysholm score were higher than those in the control group (<0.05). Within one year, there were no relaxations, fractures and other related complications in the two groups. The pivot shift test, anterior drawer test and the Lachman test were all negative.@*CONCLUSION@#EA combined with routine rehabilitation training could obviously reduce the pain of knee joint, improve the swelling degree, increase the ROM of knee joint, promote the functional recovery in patients with ACL reconstruction, which are superior to rehabilitation training alone.

4.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 15-24, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775480

ABSTRACT

Fenofibrate, an agonist for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR-α), lowers blood pressure, but whether this action is mediated via baroreflex afferents has not been elucidated. In this study, the distribution of PPAR-α and PPAR-γ was assessed in the nodose ganglion (NG) and the nucleus of the solitary tract (NTS). Hypertension induced by drinking high fructose (HFD) was reduced, along with complete restoration of impaired baroreceptor sensitivity, by chronic treatment with fenofibrate. The molecular data also showed that both PPAR-α and PPAR-γ were dramatically up-regulated in the NG and NTS of the HFD group. Expression of the downstream signaling molecule of PPAR-α, the mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2), was up-regulated in the baroreflex afferent pathway under similar experimental conditions, along with amelioration of reduced superoxide dismutase activity and increased superoxide in HFD rats. These results suggest that chronic treatment with fenofibrate plays a crucial role in the neural control of blood pressure by improving baroreflex afferent function due at least partially to PPAR-mediated up-regulation of UCP2 expression and reduction of oxidative stress.


Subject(s)
Afferent Pathways , Animals , Antihypertensive Agents , Pharmacology , Baroreflex , Blood Pressure , Fenofibrate , Pharmacology , Male , Oxidative Stress , PPAR gamma , Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Transcriptional Activation , Uncoupling Protein 2 , Metabolism , Up-Regulation
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772801

ABSTRACT

Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly being applied to a wide range of fields, including medicine, and has been considered as an approach that may augment or substitute human professionals in primary healthcare. However, AI also raises several challenges and ethical concerns. In this article, the author investigates and discusses three aspects of AI in medicine and healthcare: the application and promises of AI, special ethical concerns pertaining to AI in some frontier fields, and suggestive ethical governance systems. Despite great potentials of frontier AI research and development in the field of medical care, the ethical challenges induced by its applications has put forward new requirements for governance. To ensure "trustworthy" AI applications in healthcare and medicine, the creation of an ethical global governance framework and system as well as special guidelines for frontier AI applications in medicine are suggested. The most important aspects include the roles of governments in ethical auditing and the responsibilities of stakeholders in the ethical governance system.

6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 782-787, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796560

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine the effect of posterior reduction in atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) associated with basilar invagination(BI) using Xuanwu occipital-cervical fusion system in single stage.@*Methods@#Thirty-seven AAD accompanied with BI cases treated at Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical Universiy and the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University were retrospective analyzed. There were 15 males and 22 females with age of (42.3±12.3) years (range: 18-69 years). All the cases had congenital osseous abnormalities, such as assimilation of atlas and abnormal cervical fusion. Anterior tissue was released through posterior route followed by cage implantation into facet joint and occipital-cervical fixation with cantilever technique. The clinical results were evaluated using Japanese Orthopedic Association scale(JOA) and the main radiological measurements including anterior atlantodental interval (ADI), the distance of odontoid tip above Chamberlain line, clivus-canal angle(CCA) and the length of syrinx were collected. The preoperative and postoperative JOA score and radiological measurements were compared by paired t-test.@*Results@#The mean JOA score of the patients increased from 10.5 to 14.4 at the one-year follow-up(t=14.3, P=0.00). Complete reduction of AAD and BI was achieved in 34 patients.The mean clivus-canal angle improved from (118.0±6.5) degrees preoperative to (143.7±5.0) degrees postoperative(t=6.2, P=0.00). Shrinkage of the syrinx was observed 1 week after surgery in 24 patients, and 6 months in 31 patients.Twenty-eight patients achieved bone fusion 6 months after surgery. All the patients achieved bone fusion 12 months after surgery. One-side vertebral artery occlusion was diagnosed in 1 case postoperatively for transient dizziness, and relieved in 2 weeks.Two patients developed moderate neck pain after surgery, and relieved in 1 month. No implant failure, spacer subsidence or infection was observed.@*Conclusions@#The treatment of AAD associated with BI using Xuanwu occipital-cervical fusion system from posterior approach in single stage is effective and safe. Cage implantation intraarticularly and fixation with cantilever technique achieve complete reduction in most cases.

7.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 115-120, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745218

ABSTRACT

Objective To improve the recognition and knowledge of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) related male infertility through investigation for MRI characteristics of this disease. Methods Fourteen patients confirmed with ADPKD related obstructive azoospermia were retrospectively analyzed. All patients referred to clinic with male infertility, and obstructive azoospermia were additionally confirmed by laboratory tests and clinical examination. Subsequent abdominopelvic MR examinations were performed to comfirm obstructive factors and obstructive location. All patients were performed an abdominopelvic MR examination including non-enhanced and enhanced MR. MR imaging characteristics were analyzed and summarized by two experienced radiologists. Results MRI results for all cases were classified into 4 groups:10 cases with bilateral polycystic kidneys and bilateral seminal vesicle cysts, 2 cases with bilateral polycystic kidneys, polycystic liver and bilateral seminal vesicle cysts, 1 case with bilateral polycystic kidneys, polycystic liver and absence of bilateral seminal vesicles, 1 case with bilateral cystic kidneys, bilateral seminal vesicle cysts as well as Müllerian duct cyst. A wide range of coronal T2WI scan was necessary to observe cystic lesions in both liver and bilateral kidneys as well as abnormal changes in pelvis. The obstructive sites in all cases were located in level from ejaculatory duct to seminal vesicle. Bilateral seminal vesicle cysts presented as significantly dilated glandular ducts of seminal vesicles, in which flocculence or nodular sediment can be found. Conclusion Male infertility caused by ADPKD-related deferential duct obstrution is characterized by bilateral polycystic kidney disease and Seminal vesicle ejaculatory duct obstruction in MRI, which can be combined with other abnormalities.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824915

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze ethical challenges raised from big data in healthcare,provide suggestions for improving its application and development.Methods The ethical challenges were discussed according to the study of important literatures,typical case analysis,analyzing the current situation and its development trend of big data in healthcare.Results The advancement of technology and policies favorable have provided new opportunities for development of big data in healthcare.However,there are still some ethical challenges for its application.For instance,the difficulty of perform traditional informed consent process,the high risk of EHR information release during data storage and transmission,and inadequate privacy protection.To solve these problems,the corresponding regulation and some guidelines should be refined and/or updated;the management system that include informed consent should be adjusted;the corresponding technical supporting platform and specialized interdisciplinary team are also needed.Conclusions The establishment and application is a systematic project.The solution of the ethical challenges is also based on a comprehensive safeguard system of laws,regulations,management and technology.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803562

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate clinical application of self-designed organ traction bag in male genital immobilization during radiotherapy.@*Methods@#The male patients in the Department of Radiation Oncology, Suzhou Municipal Hospital from August 2018 to June 2019 were immobilized by using organ traction bag. Clinical effect was evaluated by subjective and objective ways which were the location relationship between contents and reference field under visual observation and fluoroscopy, and setup errors by CBCT images.@*Results@#A total of 11 patients were selected, including 3 seminoma, 2 low rectal carcinoma, 2 prostatic carcinoma, 4 pelvic lymph nodes and bone metastases, with mean age 57.18 years old. Patients received 273 times of treatment and 55 times of CBCT verifications in all. Analysis results that the setup errors of the whole group in upper and lower (Vrt), head and foot (Lng), left and right (Lat) directions are less than 0.5 cm, within acceptable clinical threshold. The contents under visual observation and fluoroscopy were not in reference field and were fixed well.@*Conclusions@#Organ traction bag provides stable effect on male genital immobilization while taking patients’ privacy and clinical operability into account. It has high clinical application value in radiotherapy involving male genital protection.

10.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 667-670,675, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792762

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify a strain screen which utilize dibutyl phthalate (DBP) as the sole carbon source and to explore the optimal conditions for the degradation of DBP. Methods The solid leachate was inoculated in minimal salt medium (MSM) supplemented with DBP as the sole carbon and energy source to isolate the targeted strain. The strain was identified through colony phenotype, transmission electron microscope and 16SrDNA gene sequence analysis. The targeted strain was inoculated to the above medium with different pH and temperature. The optimal temperature and pH of the microbial degradation of DBP were studied with determination of the DBP residue and bacterial biomass. Results One bacterial strain named L6 was isolated from the solid with adding DBP as the sole carbon source. Based on its morphology, physiochemical characteristics, and 16SrDNA sequence, the strain was identified as Methylobacterium sp. The optimal pH and temperature for its biodegradation activities were 7 and 30℃, respectively. The targeted strain could degrade 85% of 800 mg/L DBP within 120 hours. Conclusion Based on the high removal rate, the isolated Methylobacterium sp. L6 has a potential for bioremediation technology of DBP pollution.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703225

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of vitamin D in the synthesis and degradation of aggrecan in rat articular chondrocytes at cellular level. Methods Rat articular chondrocytes were stimulated by IL-1α, IL-1β and TNF-α, respectively. Normal and inflammatory chondrocytes were treated with different doses of vitamin D, respectively. CCK8, Flow cytometry, real time-PCR and western blot analysis were used to examine the proliferation activity and apoptosis level of chondrocytes, and the expression of aggrecan, ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5 at both mRNA and protein levels. Results IL-1α,IL-1β and TNF-α significantly decreased the proliferation activity and increased the apoptosis level of the chondrocytes. Furthermore, IL-1α, IL-1β and TNF-α significantly decreased the expression of aggrecan, and increased the expressions of ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5 at both mRNA and protein levels in the chondrocytes. 1α,25 (OH)2D3supplementation significantly increased the proliferation activity and decreased the apoptosis level of chondrocytes stimulated by IL-1α, IL-1β and TNF-α in a dose-dependent manner, but not affected the normal chondrocytes. Meanwhile, 1α,25(OH)2D3also significantly increased the expression of aggrecan, and decreased the expressions of ADAMTS-4 and ADAMTS-5 at both mRNA and protein levels in the chondrocytes under inflammatory conditions. Conclusions Vitamin D may promote the anabolism of aggrecan and inhibit aggrecanase activity in chondrocytes under inflammatory conditions, which may impact overall protection for articular cartilage.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710071

ABSTRACT

Critical ultrasonography(CUS) is different from the traditional diagnostic ultrasound,the examiner and interpreter of the image are critical care medicine physicians.The core content of CUS is to evaluate the pathophysiological changes of organs and systems and etiology changes.With the idea of critical care medicine as the soul,it can integrate the above information and clinical information,bedside real-time diagnosis and titration treatment,and evaluate the therapeutic effect so as to improve the outcome.CUS is a traditional technique which is applied as a new application method.The consensus of experts on critical ultrasonography in China released in 2016 put forward consensus suggestions on the concept,implementation and application of CUS.It should be further emphasized that the accurate and objective assessment and implementation of CUS requires the standardization of ultrasound image acquisition and the need to establish a CUS procedure.At the same time,the standardized training for CUS accepted by critical care medicine physicians requires the application of technical specifications,and the establishment of technical specifications is the basis for the quality control and continuous improvement of CUS.Chinese Critical Ultrasound Study Group and Critical Hemodynamic Therapy Collabration Group,based on the rich experience of clinical practice in critical care and research,combined with the essence of CUS,to learn the traditional ultrasonic essence,established the clinical application technical specifications of CUS,including in five parts:basic view and relevant indicators to obtain in CUS;basic norms for viscera organ assessment and special assessment;standardized processes and systematic inspection programs;examples of CUS applications;CUS training and the application of qualification certification.The establishment of applied technology standard is helpful for standardized training and clinical correct implementation.It is helpful for clinical evaluation and correct guidance treatment,and is also helpful for quality control and continuous improvement of CUS application.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706839

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze clinical characteristics and experiences in the treatment of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)-secret-ing pituitary adenoma. Methods:To summarize the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of 14 cases of pituitary thyrotropin (TSH) tu-mor in the Department of Neurosurgery, 251 Hospital of China People's Liberation Army (PLA) from January 2006 to February 2014. Re-sults:Of 14 patients, two received direct surgical treatment and 12 received drug treatment before surgery. Thyroid function fully re-covered in 10 patients who underwent total tumor resection. Four patients, for whom resections failed, were treated with hormone re-placement therapy after radiotherapy. Conclusions:It is important to diagnose TSH-secreting pituitary adenoma early, perform proper perioperative management, and choose the right operative time after early diagnosis and select correct treatment.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706316

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe imaging features of uterus duplication combined with mesonephric duct dysplasia related abnormalities.Methods Imaging data of 17 female with uterus duplication and renal dysplasia were retrospectively analyzed.Seven patients underwent CT and 10 patients underwent MR scanning.Results The basic abnormalities in 17 patients were uterus duplication combined with unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia with/without other associated malformation which were further classified as follows:①7 patients presented as basic abnormalities without other associated malformations,include 5 (CT diagnosed 1,MR diagnosed 4) with uterus duplex and unilateral renal-ureter agenesis,2 (CT 1,MR 1) with uterus bifidus and unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia;②2 patients (CT 1,MR 1) presented as basic abnormalities accompanied with ectopic ureter orifice,uterus duplex and unilateral renal dysplasia with ectopic ureter orifice opening in vagina;③5 patients (CT 3,MR 2) of Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome presented as uterus duplication,oblique vagina septum as well as unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia,which shown as uterus duplex,oblique vaginal septum with hematocolpos,also unilateral renal-ureter agenesis;④2 patients presented as basic abnormalities accompanied with mesonephric residual cyst,CT showed one with uterus duplex and unilateral renal-ureter agenesis with ipsilateral mesonephric residual cyst,MRI showed as the other one with Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome combined with mesonephric residual cyst opening in vagina;⑤MRI showed 1 patient with basic abnormalities and a nephrogenic adenoma,which demonstrated as uterus duplex combined with left renal-ureter agenesis,and a tumor on the left wall of bladder accompanied with endometriosis.Conclusion Further classification into 5 types from simple to complex based on uterus duplication combined with unilateral renal-ureter dysplasia with/without other associated malformations is helpful to the diagnosis and treatment of these abnormalities.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706248

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore prenatal MRI findings of fetal midline dural sinus malformation(DSM).Methods Eleven fetuses of midline DSM were collected.Abnormalities in the fetal occipital or cerebellar area were found from 21 to 27 weeks of gestation.Then MR scanning in the following week was performed.Of all 11 fetuses,9 were pathologically proved to be midline DSM,and the other 2 were followed up and proved after birth.The imaging findings and pathological features were analyzed.Results MRI of 11 fetuses showed cystic dilation of the occipital cranium of torcular herophili area,with the size of 10 mm× 15 mm to 35 mm× 55 mm,and the adjacent sinuses were also dilated.On axial or coronal images,the lesions were cuneiform,while on sagittal images,the lesions were spindle-or crescent-shaped.The lesions displayed isointensity or slightly hyperintensity on T1WI,while slightly hypointensity,isointensity or slightly hyperintensity on T2WI.In 9 of the 11 fetuses,class round or bar thrombosis on the side wall of the cystic mass were observed,which were hyperintensity on T1WI and isointensity and hypointensity,isointensity or hyperintensity on T2WI.Hemosiderin deposition was observed around the thrombi in 6 fetuses.Lesion diameters in 2 fetuses were more than 30 mm,and the adjacent brain tissue was significantly dislocated.Nine fetuses of postmortem pathology after induced labor showed deformed and dilated venous sinuses,in which eccentric thrombi were seen in 7 fetuses with side branches around them.Normal brain development was observed in 2 live birth newborns.Conclusion Prenatal MRI can accurately diagnose fetal midline dural sinus malformation,and estimate the development of fetal brain,which may be helpful to prognosis prediction.

16.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 273-277, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706080

ABSTRACT

Advances in cell and molecular genetics have contributed to the development of human genetic re-search and personalized medicine. The enhanced capacity of the new DNA sequencing technologies, especially the high-throughput sequencing, is not only reducing the cost of sequencing but is also enabling some new questions. The potential utilization of whole exome sequencing ( WES) and whole genome sequencing ( WGS) is increasing in the research and clinical setting. And there is a potential for the genetic counselors' of recognition and reporting of incidental or secondary findings unrelated to the indication for ordering but of medical value for patient care, which inevitably create prominent legal and ethical issues. In addition, the internet increases the risk of private informa-tion and genetic information disclosure both for research and clinical practice. Moreover, these questions maybe more significant when commercial tests in multiplex genetic profiles are currently being provided to consumerswith-out the physicians' consultation, referred to as direct-to-consumer genetic tests ( DTCgt) . Existing laws, regula-tions and guidelines in China mostlycontrol and standardize technical aspects. Special regulations and rules for ge-netic arrangement and results explaining and interpretation remain needed; besides, the qualification of relevant personnel. The molecular genetic testing-related stakeholders include the providers, professional practitioners, and consumers &subjects, should realize these problems. Governments and professional organizations should produce policies, guidelines, and recommendations for the related stakeholders, such as testing providers andconsultants, to minimize the risks, and maximize the advantages of molecular genetic technologies, thus promote precision medi-cine and personalized therapy and disease prevention.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-697551

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the association of articular cartilage (AC) levels of YKL-40 with osteoarthritis (OA) at different stages of symptomatic severity in patients with knee OA.Methods 42 patients with knee OA were recruited into this study.The radiographic disease severity of OA was assessed by the Kellgren-Lawrence (K-L) grading system.11 patients with non knee OA were selected as normal control group.AC levels of YKL -40 were explored by immunohistochemical method.Symptomatic severity was determined using Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC) scores from OA patients.Results YKL-40 levels in AC were positively related to WOMAC pain,function scores and total scores.WOMAC stiffness scores did not correlated with YKL-40 concentrations in AC.The correlation between AC YKL-40 levels and WOMAC scores was further analyzed by multinomial logistic regression.Multiple regression analysis showed that the correlation between AC YKL-40 levels and WOMAC scores was still significant after adjusting for other confounding factors.AC YKL-40 levels were significantly correlated with K-L grading in patients with knee OA.Conclusions YKL-40 in AC can be used as a potential biomarker for assessing the symptomatic severity of OA.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692204

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the application of the modified scalp coronal incision in the treatment of zygomatic and zygomatic arch fracture, and analyze its prognosis. METHODS A retrospective analysis of 236 cases with zygomatic and zygomatic arch fracture from 2008 to 2016 was performed. They were treated with zygomatic and zygomatic arch fracture open reduction and firm fixation by the modified scalp coronal incision and postoperative mouse rehabilitation. After 3-6 months, the infection of incision, facial paralysis, occlusal, degree of mouth opening, facial deformity and subjective satisfaction index were followed up. The prognosis and recovery were evaluated. RESULTS 1. All of the patients had no postoperative incision infection, subcutaneous hematoma, temporal region sag, bald, and permanent facial paralysis. They all got satisfied face recovery. 2. All patients with occlusal disorders and limited mouth opening obtained functional occlusal and ideal degrees of mouth opening. Satisfaction was 97%. CONCLUSION The modified coronal scalp incision in the reconstruction of 3 d structure of zygomatic and zygomatic arch, has the advantages of a clear operation field and accurateresetting, good restoration of face, concealed scar. It contributes to the protection of the facial nerve and vascular structureand reduces the incidence of surgical complications.

19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715445

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence, characteristics, and variations of the falcine sinus with contrast-enhanced three-dimentional (3D) thin-section magnetic resonance (MR) images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: retrospective review identified 1531 patients (745 males and 786 females, 2 months to 85 years) who underwent cranial MR imaging including T1-weighted imaging, T2-weighted imaging, T2-weighted fluid-attenuated inversion recovery, contrast-enhanced 3D thin-section sagittal scans, and MR venography, from June 2014 to January 2016. The incidence, characteristics of the falcine sinus, and coexisted intracranial lesions were confirmed by two neuroradiologists. RESULTS: Falcine sinuses were identified in 81 (38 males and 43 females) cases (5.3%, 81/1531, 5 months to 76 years of age) with calibers ranging from 2.3 mm to 17.0 mm. Three major forms of falcine sinuses were defined: arch-like (n = 47), stick-like (n = 22), and bifurcated (n = 12). Persistent falcine sinuses were found in 57 cases, among which 3 cases showed complicated cerebral anomalies, and 2 cases showed smaller straight sinuses. Recanalization of falcine sinuses were found in 24 cases, including 17 cases with tumor compression, 6 cases with cerebral venous sinus thrombosis, and one case with hypertrophic meningitis. CONCLUSION: Falcine sinus is not as rare as has been reported previously. Most falcine sinuses are not associated with congenital cerebral abnormalities. Diseases that cause increased pressure in the venous sinus may lead to recanalization of falcine sinus. Illustrating the characteristics of falcine sinus may prompt a more comprehensive understanding and diagnosis of associated diseases, and avoid potential surgical damage in the future.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Female , Humans , Incidence , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Meningitis , Phlebography , Retrospective Studies , Sinus Thrombosis, Intracranial
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513056

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between HHIP gene with COPD patients in Xinjiang Uygur population. Methods DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples. HHIP gene (rs1828591 and rs12504628)polymorphic loci was detected by iMLDR technique in 233 cases and 292 controls in Uygur. Results There was no significant difference in the genotype,allele frequencies distribution of 2 haplotypes of HHIP (rs1828591 and rs12504628)between the disease group and the control group(P > 0.05). There was no differ? ence in 2 haplotypes of HHIP gene between the disease group and the control group(P > 0.05). Rs1828591 and rs12504628 gene showed significance with predicted FEV1%(P < 0.05). Conclusion Rs1828591 and rs12504628 gene are related with predicted FEV1%.

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