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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 409-418, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922916

ABSTRACT

We investigated the ability of Dracocephalum moldavica (EPDM) flavonoids to protect human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) from necroptosis induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury. To mimic the process of cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury, a necroptosis model was established by treatment with the pan-cysteine aspartic acid protease (caspase) inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK combined with oxygen-glucose deprivation/re-oxygenation (OGD/R) injury using HBMECs. Cell proliferation and cytotoxicity (cell counting kit-8, CCK-8) was used to measure cell viability. A Hoechst33342/PI fluorescent double-staining method was exploited to determine the rate of cell necroptosis. A commercial kit was used to detect lactate dehydrogenase in the cell culture supernate. DCFH-DA probes, calcein AM and JC-1 probes were used to measure changes in ROS production, mitochondrial membrane permeability transformation pore (MPTP) opening and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were chosen to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). Western blotting was used to detect necroptosis-related proteins. The results show that relative to control group, Z-VAD-FMK combined with OGD/R injury reduced cell viability, increased the necroptosis rate and the levels of LDH and ROS in HBMECs. The MPTP of the model group cells opened and the MMP reduced. TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly elevated. Furthermore, the expression of receptor-interacting protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and mitochondrial phosphoglycerate mutase 5 (PGAM5) was significantly increased, accompanied by an increase of phosphorylated mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein (p-MLKL)/MLKL. EPDM partially reversed the changes of the above-mentioned factors in HBMECs induced by Z-VAD-FMK plus OGD/R injury. These results indicate that EPDM may protect HBMECs from cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury by inhibiting the RIP3/MLKL/PGAM5 pathway and MPTP opening to maintain mitochondrial function, thereby providing a scientific basis for the use of EPDM in the treatment of cerebral ischemia-related diseases.

2.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 156-160, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928492

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Auditory nerve injury is one of the most common nerve injury complications of skull base fractures. However, there is currently a lack of auxiliary examination methods for its direct diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to find a more efficient and accurate means of diagnosis for auditory nerve injury.@*METHODS@#Through retrospectively analyzing the results of brainstem auditory evoked potential (BAEP) and high-resolution CT (HRCT) in 37 patients with hearing impairment following trauma from January 1, 2018 to July 31, 2020, the role of the two inspection methods in the diagnosis of auditory nerve injury was studied. Inclusion criteria were patient had a clear history of trauma and unilateral hearing impairment after trauma; while exclusion criteria were: (1) severe patient with a Glasgow coma scale score ≤5 because these patients were classified as severe head injury and admitted to the intensive care unit, (2) patient in the subacute stage admitted 72 h after trauma, and (3) patient with prior hearing impairment before trauma. According to Goodman's classification of hearing impairment, the patients were divided into low/medium/severe injury groups. In addition, patients were divided into HRCT-positive and negative groups for further investigation with their BAEP results. The positive rates of BEAP for each group were observed, and the results were analyzed by Chi-square test (p < 0.05, regarded as statistical difference).@*RESULTS@#A total of 37 patients were included, including 21 males and 16 females. All of them were hospitalized patients with GCS score of 6-15 at the time of admission. The BAEP positive rate in the medium and severe injury group was 100%, which was significantly higher than that in the low injury group (27.27%) (p < 0.01). The rate of BEAP positivity was significantly higher in the HRCT-positive group (20/30, 66.7%) than in the HRCT-negative group (1/7, 14.3%) (p < 0.05). Twenty patients (54.05%) were both positive for BEAP and HRCT test, and considered to have auditory nerve damage. Six patients (16.22%) were both negative for BEAP and HRCT test, and 10 patients (27.03%) were BAEP-negative but HRCT-positive: all the 16 patients were considered as non-neurological injury. The rest 1 case (2.70%) was BAEP-positive but HRCT-negative, which we speculate may have auditory nerve concussion.@*CONCLUSION@#By way of BAEP combining with skull base HRCT, we may improve the accuracy of the diagnosis of auditory nerve injury. Such a diagnostic strategy may be beneficial to guiding treatment plans and evaluating prognosis.


Subject(s)
Cochlear Nerve , Evoked Potentials, Auditory, Brain Stem/physiology , Female , Hearing Loss , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
3.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 115-117, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928478

ABSTRACT

It is extremely dangerous to treat the posterior third of the superior sagittal sinus (PTSSS) surgically, since it is usually not completely ligated. In this report, the authors described the case of a 27-year-old man with a ruptured and defective PTSSS caused by an open depressed skull fracture, which was treated by ligation of the PTSSS and the patient achieved a positive recovery. The patient's occiput was hit by a height-limiting rod and was in a mild coma. A CT scan showed an open depressed skull fracture overlying the PTSSS and a diffuse brain swelling. He underwent emergency surgery. When the skull fragments were removed, a 4 cm segment of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) and the adjacent dura mater were removed together with bone fragments. Haemorrhage occurred and blood pressure dropped. We completed the operation by ligating the severed ends of the fractured sagittal sinus. One month after the operation, apart from visual field defects, he recovered well. In our opinion, in primary hospitals, when patients with severely injured PTSSS cannot sustain a long-time and complicated operation, e.g., the bypass using venous graft, and face life-threatening conditions, ligation of the PTSSS is another option, which may unexpectedly achieve good results.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cranial Sinuses , Humans , Male , Skull Fracture, Depressed/surgery , Superior Sagittal Sinus/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of degenerative scoliosis (DS).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to September 2019, 120 patients with degenerative scoliosis were randomly divided into treatment group (60 cases) and control group(60 cases). The patients in treatment group were treated with chiropractic manipulation once every other day for 4 weeks. The patients in control group were treated with eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with thoracolumbar orthopedic(TSLO)brace, oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets 50 mg three times a day, wearing TSLO brace for not less than 8 hours a day. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. After the patients were selected into the group, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded before treatment, 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks after treatment and 1 month after treatment. The full length X-ray of the spine was taken before and 4 weeks after treatment, and the scoliosis Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured and compared. The adverse reactions during the treatment were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in VAS and ODI between two groups at each time point after treatment (P<0.001), VAS and ODI at 2 weeks after treatment (PVAS=0.025, PODI=0.032) and 3 weeks after treatment(PVAS=0.040, PODI=0.044) in treatment group were significantly different from those in control group, but there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI at other time points between treatment group and control group (P>0.05). There was significant difference in Cobb angle between treatment group(P=0.010) and control group(P=0.017) after treatment, but there was no significant difference in LL and SVA between treatment group and control group. There was no significant difference in Cobb angle, LL and SVA between two groups before and after treatment. During the treatment, there were 4 mild adverse reactions in the control group and no adverse reactions in the treatment group.@*CONCLUSION@#Chiropractic manipulation can effectively relieve pain and improve lumbar function in patients with degenerative scoliosis. The onset of action is faster than that oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with TSLO brace, and it has better safety and can improve Cobb angle of patients with degenerative scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lordosis , Lumbar Vertebrae , Manipulation, Chiropractic , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/therapy , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925111

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To identify more accurate predictors of upper urinary tract dilatation (UUTD) in neurogenic bladder (NB) children, we studied the relationship among urodynamic parameters at different bladder filling stages, detrusor leak point pressure (DLPP) and UUTD. @*Methods@#A total of 158 children (3–16 years) with NB were included and then divided into 2 groups according to whether their NB diagnosis was complicated with UUTD: the UUTD group (39 patients) and those without UUTD group (control group, 119 patients). The bladder filling phase was divided into 3 equal parts: the early, middle, and end filling stages. The bladder compliance (BC) and detrusor pressure (△Pdet) at each phase and DLPP at the end filling stage were recorded. @*Results@#A BC8 cm H2O in the early stage, 20 cm H2O in the middle stage and 25 cm H2O in the end stage are more sensitive than △Pdet >40 cm H2O in the end stage (82%, 85%, 85%, vs. 49%). A DLPP cutoff value of 20 cm H2O showed higher sensitivity for predicting UUTD than 40 cm H2O. @*Conclusions@#Low BC and a high △Pdet in the middle and end filling stages are more accurate factors than classic indicators for predicting UUTD. In addition, a DLPP value of >20 cm H2O in the end bladder filling stage shows high sensitivity.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881496

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndromes (MS) and MS scores as well as related health behavior factors in Zhongshan Community, Songjiang, Shanghai. Methods:A total of 6 802 residents aged 20-74 years old in Zhongshan Community were selected. Face-to-face survey and body measurement were used to collect information such as MS-related behavioral factors (including smoking, alcohol intake, exercise and diet) and to determine the MS scores. MS scores were divided into 6 levels. Ordered logit model was used to analyze the factors related to MS score, and logit model was used to analyze the factors related to MS. Results:The prevalence of 6 metabolic syndrome scores in the sample population were 13.5%, 24.3%, 25.1%, 19.7%, 12.3%, 5.1%, respectively. The prevalence of MS was 37.0%. The related factors of high MS score in male were advanced age, alcohol intake and tea drinking, while the related factors of high MS score in female were advanced age and previous smoking. The related factors of MS was alcohol intake in male while female with advanced age had higher risk in developing MS. Conclusion:The prevalence of MS in Zhongshan Community is relatively high, which has become one of the important public health problems in this community. Attention should be paid to the elderly men who drink alcohol and tea, and aged women who have ever smoked.

7.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 368-373, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922705

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#To explore the diagnosis and treatment of traumatic external carotid branch pseudoaneurysms.@*METHODS@#Eleven cases of traumatic external carotid artery branch pseudoaneurysms were admitted in our hospital. Digital subtraction angiography was performed in all patients. It revealed that the pseudoaneurysms originated from the internal maxillary artery in 5 cases, superficial temporal artery in 5 cases and occipital artery in 1 case. Five cases of internal maxillary artery pseudoaneurysms and 2 cases of superficial temporal artery pseudoaneurysms were treated by embolization; the other 3 cases were surgically resected.@*RESULTS@#Complete cessation of nasal bleeding was achieved in all the 5 pseudoaneurysms of internal maxillary artery after the endovascular therapies. Scalp bleeding stopped and scalp defect healed up in 2 patients with superficial temporal artery pseudoaneurysms treated by interventional therapy. All patients were followed up for 0.5-2.0 years without recurrence of nosebleed and scalp lump.@*CONCLUSION@#For patients with repeated severe epistaxis after craniocerebral injury, digital subtraction angiography should be performed as soon as possible to confirm traumatic pseudoaneurysm. Endovascular therapy is an effective method for traumatic internal maxillary artery pseudoaneurysms. For patients with scalp injuries and pulsatile lumps, further examinations including digital subtraction angiography should be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Surgical treatment or endovascular therapy for scalp traumatic pseudoaneurysm is effective.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False/therapy , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Carotid Artery Injuries/therapy , Carotid Artery, External/diagnostic imaging , Embolization, Therapeutic , Humans
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876168

ABSTRACT

Objective:Nivolumab is one of the most common programmed death 1 (PD-1) inhibitors used as an immune checkpoint inhibitor (ICI). It brings significant therapeutic effects but often accompanied by serious drug toxicity. The pulmonary toxicities of nivolumab are not clear. This study aims to systematically explore the nivolumab-associated pulmonary toxicities and provide reference for clinical treatment. Methods:Data were extracted from US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database from January 1, 2016 to September 30, 2019. Two types of disproportionality analysis, information component (IC) and reporting odds ratio (ROR), were applied in nivolumab-associated pulmonary adverse events (AEs) signal detection. Results:A total of 28 489 309 records were extracted from FAERS database and 8 181 records were associated with nivolumab. Analysis was conducted in 179 AEs and 86 signals were detected. Notably, potent signals were detected in radiation pneumonitis (IC025: 3.99, ROR025: 17.25), pneumonitis (IC025: 3.34, ROR025: 10.64) and bronchial fistula (IC025: 2.94, ROR025: 8.78). Nivolumab-associated pulmonary toxicities were more frequently reported in dyspnoea (IC025: 0.50, ROR025: 1.44), pneumonia (IC025: 0.08, ROR025: 1.07) and pneumonitis (IC025: 3.34, ROR025: 10.64). Results of IC and ROR methods were similar to each other. Most pulmonary toxicities were observed in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (N=3 711, 32.13%), malignant melanoma (N=1 658, 14.36%) and renal cell carcinoma (N=731, 6.33%). Conclusion:Significant pulmonary toxicities were detected in patients treated with nivolumab. Thus, it is highly important for clinicians to be vigilant about nivolumab-associated pulmonary AEs and be prepared to take immediate action for patient safety.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 21-28, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872608

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is one of the common malignant tumors of male urogenital system, and the incidence of prostate cancer in China has increased significantly in the past decade. At present, endocrine therapy based on androgen blockade is the main method of clinical treatment except radical surgery and radiotherapy/chemotherapy for prostate cancer. However, the clinical benefit can only be obtained in the early stage of treatment, and nearly 90% of patients will develop to the castration resistance, and among them, nearly 90% of patients will have bone metastasis. The quality of life decreases sharply with the progression of disease for patients. In addition to the androgen signal pathway, studies have shown that many other oncogenic signal pathways have involved in the development of castration resistance, including classic cancer signaling pathways, immune and inflammatory signaling pathways, etc. Understanding the mechanism of androgen independent signal pathway in the formation of castration resistance will help to understand the off-target effect of androgen blocking therapy and introduce new treatment targets or strategies to get rid of the "no drug available" dilemma for clinical treatment of castration resistance.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891074

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the prevalence, risk factors, and effects of primary nocturnal enuresis (PNE) on physical and mental health in young adults in mainland China. @*Methods@#An anonymous questionnaire was used to collect information including the sociodemographic characteristics, history of PNE, family history, daytime voiding symptoms, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) scores, Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS). A total of 22,500 university students from 23 provinces and 368 cities in mainland China were included. @*Results@#In total, 21,082 questionnaires were collected, and 20,345 of them qualified for statistical analysis. The PNE prevalence was 1.17%, and the distribution of monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (MNE) and nonmonosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (NMNE) was 66.1% and 33.9%, respectively. In total, 28% of respondents with PNE reported bedwetting daily, 31.6% between 1 and 7 times weekly, and 40.4% between 1 and 4 times monthly; 80% of PNE cases had no history of treatment. The prevalence of PNE in patients with a family history, frequency, urgency, urinary incontinence, and recurrent urinary tract infections was significantly higher than in those without these conditions (P<0.001). PNE was significantly correlated with the PSQI total score (sleep quality) (P=0.011). The SES score was lower and the SDS was higher (P<0.001) in the PNE group than in those without PNE. @*Conclusions@#In mainland China, the PNE prevalence among young adults was found to be high, and PNE had significant effects on physical and mental health. Risk factors included a family history, daytime voiding symptoms, and lack of treatment.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888126

ABSTRACT

To summarize and evaluate the efficacy and safety of Shenmai Injection in the treatment of viral myocarditis, shock, pulmonary heart disease, coronary heart disease, neutropenia and tumor chemotherapy, so as to provide supportive evidences for clinical rational use of Shenmai Injection. By searching literatures about studies on the systematic reviews on Shenmai Injection in treatment of viral myocarditis, shock, pulmonary heart disease, coronary heart disease, neutropenia and tumor chemotherapy from the main Chinese and English databases. Primary efficacy and safety outcome measures were selected for comparative analysis and summary, and the appraisal tool of AMSTAR 2 was used to evaluate the included studies.A total of 36 systematic reviews(published from 2005 to 2020) were included, involving viral myocarditis, shock, pulmonary heart disease, malignant tumor and coronary heart disease. The number of cases included in each type of the above diseases was 3 840, 2 484, 12 702, 28 036 and 27 082, respectively. The comparison results showed that, Shenmai Injection combined with conventional/western medicine treatment groups had better efficacy than conventional/western medicine groups alone in the prevention and treatment of the above five diseases. The main adverse reactions of Shenmai Injection reported in the included studies were facial flushing, rash, palpitation, etc., but the incidence was low and the general symptoms were mild, so no special treatment was needed. Therefore, the application of Shenmai Injection on the basis of conventional treatment or western medicine treatment had better prevention and treatment efficacy of the diseases. It was suggested that more multi-center and larger sample-size randomized controlled trials should be carried out in the future, and the relevant reporting standards should be strictly followed in systematic reviews, so as to improve the scientificity and transparency of the study.


Subject(s)
Drug Combinations , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Pulmonary Heart Disease , Systematic Reviews as Topic
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#The safety of root canal filling with 200 °C hot gutta-percha was investigated to study the effect of continuous wave technique combined with high-temperature injectable gutta-percha condensation technique on the surface temperature of periodontal tissue.@*METHODS@#CT technique and Mimics, Geomagic, and Solidworks software were utilized to build the entity models of alveolar bone, dentin and root canal, periodontal ligament, and blood flow, respectively, which were then assembled in Solidworks into a finite element model of tooth with blood flow. By utilizing ABAQUS collaborative simulation platform, fluid-structure coupling was analyzed on the whole process of root canal filling. Consequently, the surface temperature of the periodontal tissue was obtained.@*RESULTS@#In the absence of blood flow, the temperature of the periodontal ligament surface reached 50.048 ℃ during root canal filling with 200 ℃ gutta-percha. Considering blood flow, the temperature of periodontal ligament surface was 39.570 ℃.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The temperature of the periodontal ligament surface increased when the continuous wave root canal was filled with 200 ℃ gutta-percha, and the periodontal tissue was not damaged.


Subject(s)
Dental Pulp Cavity , Finite Element Analysis , Gutta-Percha , Hot Temperature , Humans , Periodontium , Root Canal Filling Materials , Root Canal Obturation , Temperature
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1845-1854, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887615

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has seizure-suppressing effects but the molecular mechanisms underlying its therapeutic action remain unclear. This study aimed to systematically elucidate the mechanisms underlying DBS-induced seizure suppression at a molecular level.@*METHODS@#We established a macaque model of mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (mTLE), and continuous high-frequency hippocampus DBS (hip-DBS) was applied for 3 months. The effects of hip-DBS on hippocampus gene expression were examined using high-throughput microarray analysis followed by bioinformatics analysis. Moreover, the microarray results were validated using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot analyses.@*RESULTS@#The results showed that chronic hip-DBS modulated the hippocampal gene expression. We identified 4119 differentially expressed genes and assigned these genes to 16 model profiles. Series test of cluster analysis showed that profiles 5, 3, and 2 were the predominant expression profiles. Moreover, profile 5 was mainly involved in focal adhesion and extracellular matrix-receptor interaction pathway. Nine dysregulated genes (Arhgap5, Col1a2, Itgb1, Pik3r1, Lama4, Fn1, Col3a1, Itga9, and Shc4) and three genes (Col1a2, Itgb1, and Flna) in these two pathways were further validated by qRT-PCR and Western blot analyses, respectively, which showed a concordance.@*CONCLUSION@#Our findings suggest that hip-DBS could markedly reverse mTLE-induced abnormal gene expression. Findings from this study establish the basis for further investigation of the underlying regulatory mechanisms of DBS for mTLE.


Subject(s)
Animals , Deep Brain Stimulation , Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe/therapy , Hippocampus , Humans , Macaca , Seizures
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1569-1575, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887576

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although de novo stage IV breast cancer is so far incurable, it has entered an era of individualized treatment and chronic disease management. Based on systemic treatment, whether the surgical resection of primary or metastatic foci of de novo stage IV breast cancer can bring survival benefits is currently controversial. We aimed to explore the clinicopathological factors and current status of the management of de novo stage IV breast cancer in China to provide a reference for clinical decisions.@*METHODS@#Based on the assistance of Chinese Society of Breast Surgery, a retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of patients with de novo stage IV breast cancer in 33 centers from January 2017 to December 2018. The relationship between basic characteristic (age, menstrual status, family history, reproductive history, pathological type, estrogen receptor [ER] status, progesterone receptor [PR] status, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 [HER2] status, Ki-67 percentage, and molecular subtype), and metastasis sites (lung metastasis, liver metastasis, and bone metastasis) was examined by Pearson Chi-square tests.@*RESULTS@#A total of 468 patients with de novo stage IV breast cancer were enrolled. The median age of the enrolled patients was 51.5 years. The most common pathological type of primary lesion was invasive carcinoma (97.1%). Luminal A, luminal B, HER2 overexpressing, and triple-negative subtypes accounted for 14.3%, 51.8%, 22.1%, and 11.8% of all cases, respectively. Age, PR status, and HER2 status were correlated with lung metastasis (χ2 = 6.576, 4.117, and 8.643 and P = 0.037, 0.043, and 0.003, respectively). Pathological type, ER status, PR status, and molecular subtype were correlated with bone metastasis (χ2 = 5.117, 37.511, 5.224, and 11.603 and P = 0.024, <0.001, 0.022, and 0.009, respectively). Age, PR status, HER2 status, Ki-67 percentage, and molecular subtype were correlated with liver metastasis (χ2 = 11.153, 13.378, 10.692, 21.206, and 17.684 and P = 0.004, <0.001, 0.001, <0.001, and 0.001, respectively). Combined treatment with paclitaxel and anthracycline was the most common first-line chemotherapy regimen for patients with de novo stage IV breast cancer (51.7%). Overall, 91.5% of patients used paclitaxel-containing regimens. Moreover, 59.3% of hormone receptor-positive patients underwent endocrine therapy.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In 2018, 1.07% of patients from all studied centers were diagnosed with de novo stage IV breast cancer. This study indicated that 95.1% of patients received systemic therapy and 54.2% of patients underwent surgical removal of the primary lesion in China.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Female , Humans , Mastectomy , Middle Aged , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Progesterone , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887141

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the association between metabolic syndrome (MS) and Chinese healthy eating index (CHEI), and to identify the beneficial or adverse effects of diets on MS in a community population of Shanghai. Methods:Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the data of 4 856 subjects from a community in Shanghai was collected by interview. Total CHEI score and its component score were calculated based on the frequency of food consumption. Physical examination and blood biochemical tests were used to diagnose MS. The logistic regression model was used to analyze the relationship between MS or relative indexes and the total CHEI score or its component score. Results:The study showed the overall prevalence of MS was 24.71%. There were significant differences between MS group and controls (P<0.05) in age, BMI, waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, glycated hemoglobin, high-density lipoprotein and energy intake. After adjusting for potential confounders, it showed that the higher total CHEI score, the lower risk of central obesity, increased diastolic blood pressure, increased glycated hemoglobin, hyperglycemic and MS (P<0.05). The increase in component score of potatoes, milk, beans, dark vegetables, fruits, oil and sodium reduced risk of obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, dyslipidemia and MS (P<0.05). Conclusion:The quality of healthy diet (CHEI score more than 80) and increased intake of specific dietary components (potatoes, milk, beans, dark vegetables, fruits) reduce the risk of MS effectively.

16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1757-1768, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887028

ABSTRACT

The gut microbiota takes part in many in vivo important physiological activities of host, such as the substance metabolism and energy exchange, etc. The interaction between the host and the intestinal microorganisms has attracted scholars' attention. Flavonoids are a group of polyphenol compounds widely found in natural plants, with the bioactive effect of regulation of glucose and lipid metabolism, anti-inflammation. However, their low bioavailability cause difficulty to clarify the effective substances and the mechanism of flavonoids. Apart from the metabolic effects of liver on flavonoids, recent studies have shown that the gut microbiota can interact with flavonoids. On the one hand, flavonoids can be metabolized by gut microbiota and subsequent metabolites can produce pharmacological activities different from the parent components. On the other hand, flavonoids and their metabolites can in turn regulate the composition and physiological activities of the intestinal flora, which seems to provide a new insight for the research on the effective substances of flavonoids. In this review, we introduced the metabolic characteristics of flavonoids under the actions of intestinal bacteria, and the regulation effects of flavonoids on gut microbiota was also summarized. Meanwhile, the therapeutic effect of flavonoids under the action of intestinal bacteria was discussed.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1070-1078, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886981

ABSTRACT

Z-VAD-FMK was combined with hypoxia-reoxygenation (H/R) injury to establish a necroptosis model of H9c2 cells to mimic the pathological changes of myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury (MIRI) in vitro and to study the effect and mechanism of tilianin against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. A cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) was used to detect cell viability, and commercial kits were used to detect lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in the cell culture supernatant. Hoechst 33342/PI immunofluorescence staining was used to detect cell death. DCFH-DA, BBcellProbeTMM61, and JC-1 probes were used to detect reactive oxygen species (ROS), mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP), and mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), respectively. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to detect the release of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6). The results show that the cell viability, SOD activity, and MMP of the model group induced by H/R injury decreased, as compared with control group, but the necroptosis rate, LDH level, and ROS release increased significantly. Furthermore, mPTP of the model group cells opened, and TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels were significantly higher. Molecular docking modeling showed that tilianin can bind to calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII), and Western blot results showed that compared with control group, the expression levels of p-CaMKII and phospho-mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein increased in the model group, and tilianin could decrease the expression level of these proteins. The above results indicate that tilianin can protect H9c2 cells by inhibiting the phosphorylation of CaMKⅡ at threonine 287, protecting mitochondrial function, and inhibiting the opening of mPTP to prevent necroptosis. This study has value for research on new methods to treat H/R injury.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885808

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnosis, surgical methods, perioperative treatment and surgical results of Kommerell's diverticulum with double aortic arch in infants.Methods:From December 2014 to December 2019, 22 cases of double aortic arch combined with Kommerell diverticulum were operated in our hospital, 14 males and 8 females, with an average age of (13.7±11.6) months (1-36 months) and mean body mass of (9.8±3.4)kg (5-20 kg). The children had respiratory symptoms such as asthmatic suffocation, shortness of breath, repeated respiratory tract infection and chronic cough before operation. All patients underwent cardiac CT examination. The average diverticulum was 8 mm×9 mm, in the trachea The average compression degree of the lower segment was 56%±16% (30%-80%). The distal part of the left arch was atresia and Kommerell's diverticulum was found in all patients. The operation methods were left aortic arch separation, ligament separation and diverticulectomy. In one case, tracheal stent was placed simultaneously during the operation because of severe tracheal malacia.Results:The average time in the ward was(1.4±0.8)days (1-4)days, and the average time in hospital was (6.7±2.8)days (4-13 days). The average follow-up period was (25.5±16.9) months (2-60 months). During the follow-up period, 18 children had no persistent respiratory symptoms, and 4 children had only slight respiratory symptoms.Conclusion:Kommerell's diverticulum can also be combined with double aortic arch. The operation method is to separate the aortic arch and ligament at the atresia end and resect the diverticulum at the same time. It has a good early prognosis and may eliminate the residual symptoms and late complications.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882913

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the morphological characteristics and operative methods of mixed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC), and to analyze the risk factors of postoperative death.Methods:From January 2011 to January 2019, 17 cases of mixed TAPVC were operated in Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Beijing Children′s Hospital, Capital Medical University, with 10 males and 7 females.The average age was (4.4±3.8) months (1-15 months) and the average body mass was (5.6±1.7) kg (3.5-10.0 kg), including 1 case of ventricular septal defect, 17 cases of atrial septal defect and 15 cases of ductus arteriosus.Preoperative pulmonary vein stenosis was discovered in 4 cases and severe pulmonary hypertension was in 10 cases.A total of 5 cases needed ventilator support before operation, and 2 cases needed emergency operation.The diagnosis was confirmed by color Doppler ultrasound and CT before operation.There were 2 cases of type Ⅰ (type 2+ 2), 13 cases of type Ⅱ (type 3+ 1), and 2 cases of type Ⅲ (anatomic variant).Results:All the patients were treated through operation.The principle of operation was to correct all pulmonary veins to the left atrium.The cardiopulmonary bypass time was (182.3±122.8) min, the aortic occlusion time was (84.3±15.9) min, the postoperative ventilator support time was (92.9±70.0) h, and the monitoring room time was (6.9±4.9) d. In this group, 3 cases died in hospital (17.6%) and 1 case died out of hospital (5.9%).Conclusions:The mortality of mixed TAPVC type Ⅲ was high, while preoperative pulmonary vein stenosis, severe pulmonary hypertension and the combination of sub-cardiac type were the important risk factors of death.The operation mode depends on the anatomic drainage mode, so individualized operation is recommended.

20.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 344-348, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876561

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the mortality trend of bladder cancer among residents in Qidong, Jiangsu Province from 1972 to 2016, so as to provide the basis for the prevention and treatment strategy of bladder cancer in Qidong.@*Methods@#The data of bladder cancer was collected from Qidong Cancer Registry.The crude mortality rate ( CR ), age-standardized rate by Chinese population in 2000 (CASR) and world population in 1960 ( WASR ), truncated rate (35-64 years) and cumulative rate ( 0-74 years ) were calculated. The annual percent change ( APC ) was used to analyze the trend of mortality in bladder cancer.@*Results@#During from 1972 to 2016, There were 1 497 deaths due to bladder cancer in Qidong from 1972 to 2016. The CR, CASR and WASR were 2.96/105, 1.83/105 and 1.80/105, respectively. The APCs in CR, CASR, WASR of bladder cancer were 5.29%, 1.86% and 1.81%, respectively ( P<0.05 ), showing upward trends. The truncated rate, cumulative rate and cumulative risk were 1.47/105, 0.17% and 0.17%, respectively. The CR, CASR and WASR in males were 4.71/105, 2.97/105 and 3.31/105, respectively, which was higher than that of 1.26/105, 0.75/105, and 0.66/105 in females ( P<0.05 ). The APC of CR, CASR and WASR in males were 5.71%, 1.96% and 2.17%, respectively ( P<0.05 ), all showed upward trends. For females, the APC of CR was 4.47% ( P<0.05 ), showing an upward trend, but there was no significant change in CASR and WASR ( P>0.05 ). The CR of bladder cancer was high among people aged more than 55 years. The CR in 55-64-year-old group, 65-74-year-old group and more than 75-year-old group showed upward trends, with APC of 4.50%, 2.22% and 4.51%, respectively ( P<0.05 ). @*Conclusions@#From 1972 to 2016, the mortality of bladder cancer in Qidong showed an upward trend, which was relatively high in men and people aged over 55 years.

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