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1.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 157-161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871459

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the manifestations of liver injury in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), to investigate the prognosis indicators of the disease, and to provide the reference for clinical diagnosis and treatment.Methods:From January 10 to February 14, 2020, at Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, the data of 333 hospitalized patients with COVID-19 were collected. The changes of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), total bilirubin (TBil), direct bilirubin (DBil), indirect bilirubin (IBil) and albumin of the first liver function test after admission and the reexaminations of liver function test during hospitalization period in patients with liver injury were retrospectively analyzed. Student t test and Chi-square test were used for statistical analysis. Results:Liver injury occurred in 39.6% (132/333) of COVID-19 patients. There was no statistically significant difference in the rate of liver injury between patients in intensive care unit (ICU) and in general ward (45.6%, 26/57 vs. 38.4%, 106/276; χ2=1.026, P>0.05). 67.4% (89/132) of COVID-19 patients with liver injury presented with increased ALT or AST level on admission. During hospitalization, the level of ALT was higher than that of the first examination after admission ((60.28±50.44) U/L vs. (42.25±32.21) U/L), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-3.230, P<0.05). The levels of ALT and AST of 71.2% (94/132) patients were both <80 U/L, which indicated that most of the patients showed mild liver injury. The patients with elevated level of TBil, DBil and IBil accounted for 3.9% (13/333), 5.4% (18/333) and 2.4% (8/333) of the COVID-19 patients, respectively. The albumin level of COVID-19 patients with liver injury during hospitalization was lower than that of the first examination after admission ((31.8±5.1) g/L vs. (33.7±5.4) g/L), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.712, P<0.05). The albumin levels at first examination on admission and reexamination during hospitalization of patients in ICU were both significantly lower than those of patients in general ward ((29.3±3.7) g/L vs. (34.8±5.1) g/L and (27.6±2.8) g/L vs. (32.9±5.1) g/L), and the differences were statistically significant ( t=4.928 and 4.783, both P<0.05). Conclusions:The incidence of liver injury in COVID-19 patients is high. A slight increase in aminotransferase levels is particularly common. Bilirubin abnormality is relatively rare and mild. The level of albumin may be one of the indicators for the severity and prognosis of COVID-19.

2.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 611-613, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870852

ABSTRACT

Ocular opsoclonus is a rare disorder of the saccadic system, in which fixation is continuously interrupted by involuntary, chaotic, rapid and multi-directional saccadic eye movements, interrupting the gaze-holding function, leading to“dancing eyes”. Ocular opsoclonus has rarely been reported in China. A case of ocular opsoclonus associated with anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor encephalitis is reported to improve awareness about the ocular sign. The patient′s condition reached the peak at the 5th week. He developed ocular opsoclonus on the basis of nonconvulsive status epilepticus, accompanied by frequent involuntary movements of the mouth and limbs. The ocular opsoclonus gradually relieved on the 7th week with the active treatment.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the association of venous blood neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and levels of interleukin-17 (IL-17) and IL-6 at 2 weeks after admission with the occurrence of post-stroke depression (PSD) in patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke.@*METHODS@#The hospitalized patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke were recruited consecutively from the Department of Neurology of Yijishan Hospital from March, 2015 to September, 2017. The demographic and baseline clinical data on admission and the imaging data were collected. The diagnosis of PSD was established in line with DSM-IV (SCID-I-R) at 3 months during the follow-up. The severity of PSD was assessed using the Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD-17). Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the correlation of NLR, PLR, IL-17, and IL-6 with PSD in these patients.@*RESULTS@#A total of 376 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled, including 224 male patients (59.57%) and 152 female patients (40.43%), whose mean age was 61.37±10.34 years. Of these patients 104 (27.66%) were found to have PSD. Univariate analysis showed that gender, years of education, BMI, widowhood, NIHSS score, MMSE score, mRS score, and laboratory indexes (NLR, PLR, IL-17, and IL-6) were all significantly correlated with PSD (all < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that, after adjusting for the compounding factors, the third quartile of NLR ( < 0.001), the third quartile of PLR (=0.002), IL-17 (=0.025) and IL-6 (=0.016) were independent factors that predicted the occurrence of PSD.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Elevated NLR and PLR at admission and levels of IL-17 and IL-6 at 2 weeks after admission are all independent predictors of the occurrence of PSD at 3 months after stroke.


Subject(s)
Aged , Brain Ischemia , Depression , Female , Humans , Lymphocytes , Male , Middle Aged , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Stroke
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789082

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between white matter hyperintensities (WMHs) and post-stroke depression (PSD) in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Methods From December 2015 to December 2016, patients with acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology, Yijishan Hospital, Wannan Medical College were enrolled retrospectively. The demographic and baseline clinical data were documented. The patients underwent a 3. 0 T-MRI examination within 3 d of admission, and the severity of periventricular and deep WMHs was graded using the Fazekas 4-point scale. Depression was diagnosed at 3 months after onset according to Chinese classification of mental disorders (3rd edition). The patients were divided into PSD group and non-PSD group. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent correlation between WMHs and PSD. Results A total of 203 patients were enrolled and followed up, including 117 males ( 57. 64%) and 86 females ( 42. 36%), aged 66. 6 ± 10. 2 years. The baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS ) score was 4. 7 ± 2. 8; 67 patients in the PSD group (33. 00%) and 136 patients in the non-PSD group (67. 00%). Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in years of education, baseline NIHSS score, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score at 3 months, severe deep WMHs (Fazekas 3), and prefrontal infarction between the PSD group and the non-PSD group (all P < 0. 05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for years of education, baseline NIHSS score, 3-month MMSE score, and prefrontal infarction, severe deep WMHs (odds ratio [OR] 2. 192, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1. 212-4. 946; P = 0. 019) was independently correlated with PSD. In addition, baseline NHISS score (OR 1. 071, 95% CI 1. 009-1. 137; P = 0. 034 ) and acute prefrontal infarction (OR 4. 326, 95% CI 1. 074- 14. 371; P = 0. 045) were also independently correlated with PSD. Conclusion Severe deep WMHs is the independent risk factor for PSD at 3 months after the onset of ischemic stroke.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-733736

ABSTRACT

The case-based teaching was inserted in the lecture-based teaching in clinical microbiol-ogy. The teachers conducted the case-based teaching through proper selection of cases, leading students to discuss and analyze cases. The students explored and reported from the cases independently. Finally, the teachers summarized and evaluated from the case-based teaching. The combination of case-based teaching and lecture-based study stimulated the students' interest in learning and motivation, consolidated their theoretical knowledge, cultivated their abilities of self-learning and clinical idea, and made the correlation between the theory and the clinical practice closely. These methods improved the teaching quality of clinical microbiology.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732735

ABSTRACT

Objeetive To investigate the relationship between the lesion sites and post-stroke depression (PSD) in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods From January 2015 to June 2016,patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke admitted to the Department of Neurology,Wuhu Yijishan Hospital were enrolled prospectively.The demographic and baseline clinical data were recorded.The stroke lesions were localized by imaging and clinical symptoms within 24 h after admission.The patients were divided into PSD group (≥8) and non-PSD group (<8) according to the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale score at l-month follow-up.Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the independent correlation between PSD and lesion sites.Results A total of 376 patients with acute ischemie stroke were enrolled,including 177 females (47.07%) and 199 males (52.93%).Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences in sex,years of education,hypertension,etiological classification of stroke (small vessel occlusion,cardiogenic embolism),baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score,baseline Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and left frontal lobe,left temporal lobe,and left basal ganglia lesions between the PSD group and the non-PSD group (all P <0.05).Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age,sex,years of education,hypertension,etiological classification of stroke,NIHSS score,and MMSE score,there was an independent correlation between the lesions in the left frontal lobe (odds ratio [OR] 1.838,95% confidence interval [CI] 1.028-3.947;P =0.034),the left basal ganglia (OR 1.672,95% CI 1.103-2.883;P=0.023),hypertension (OR 1.764,95% CI 1.179-3.365;P =0.016) and PSD.Conclusions One month after the onset of ischemic stroke,there was a significant correlation between PSD and the lesion sites.Left frontal lobe lesion and left basal ganglia lesion were the independent predictors.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610334

ABSTRACT

As a model organism, zebrafish have many advantages over other animal models and is suitable for studies on establishment of human disease model and mechanism.In zebrafish, there are two phases of endocrine formation during early development, which are directed by concomitant activity of many signaling pathways.Zebrafish pancreas possess similar cell structure with that of other animals, which can express various endocrine hormones including insulin.The main organs required for metabolic control, such as the pancreas, islet, and insulin sensitive tissue (muscle, liver) are conserved in zebrafish, and the mechanisms of glucose regulation in zebrafish is similar to that seen in mammalian models.These render it an excellent model to study glucose metabolism.Hyperglycemia in zebrafish model can be induced by administration of the diabetogenic drug, streptozotocin (STZ), alternatively immersion of the fish in glucose solution and water, or disturbing of signaling pathways associated with glucose metabolism.Glucose levels in adult zebrafish blood or embryo tissue and phenotype of retinal cell layers or retinal vasculature are the commonly used measurement organs in zebrafish diabetic models.

8.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 309-314, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812768

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expressions of JNK and p-JNK in advanced prostate cancer (PCa) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and their implications.@*METHODS@#Using immunohistochemistry, we detected the expressions of JNK and p-JNK proteins in 40 cases of paraffin wax-embedded PCa and 21 cases of BPH tissues and analyzed their relationships with advanced PCa and BPH as well as with the pathologic features of advanced PCa.@*RESULTS@#Statistically significant differences were not found in the positive expression rate of the JNK protein between BPH and PCa (42.86% vs 52.50%, P>0.05), non-metastatic and metastatic PCa (53.85% vs 51.85%, P >0.05), Gleason ≤7 and Gleason >7 (58.82% vs 47.82%, P >0.05), PSA ≤20 μg/L and PSA >20 μg/L (57.14% vs 51.52%, P >0.05), or survival >5 yr and survival ≤5 yr (60.00% vs 45.00%, P >0.05), nor in the expression level of p-JNK between BPH and PCa (33.33% vs 35.00%, P >0.05), non-metastatic and metastatic PCa (30.77% vs 37.03%, P >0.05), Gleason ≤7 and Gleason >7 (35.29% vs 34.78%, P >0.05), or PSA ≤20 μg/L and PSA >20 μg/L (43.75% vs 10.93%, P >0.05). However, the expression of p-JNK was significantly higher in the survival >5 yr than in the survival ≤5 yr group of the PCa patients (50.00% vs 20.00%, P <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#PCa patients with highly expressed p-JNK have a longer survival time and the high positive rate of p-JNK is associated with the prognosis of PCa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunohistochemistry , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism , Male , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Proteins , Metabolism , Prognosis , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Metabolism , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Mortality , Pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology
9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 406-411, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812752

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the expressions of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p-ERK in benign and malignant prostate tissues, and whether it can be used as a marker for the prognosis of advanced prostate cancer (PCa).@*METHODS@#Using immunohistochemical Envision, we detected the expressions of ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 in 20 cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and 40 cases of advanced PCa and analyzed their correlation with PCa metastasis, Gleason score, PSA level, and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#The expression of ERK1/2 was remarkably higher in the advanced PCa than in the BPH cases (82.5% vs 55%, P5 yr, and survival ≤ 5 yr groups were 61.9%, 89.5%, 57.9%, and 90.5%, respectively, with statistically significant differences among these groups (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ERK1/2 and p-ERK1/2 proteins are highly expressed in advanced PCa and p-ERK1/2 is associated with the metastasis and prognosis of advanced PCa.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Metabolism , Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Metabolism , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Metabolism , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms , Mortality , Pathology
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore influence of tirofiban on plasma level of growth differentiation factor-15(GDF-15) and serum level of platelet activating factor(PAF)in patients with acute myocardial infarction(AMI)undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI).Methods:A total of 110 AMI patients undergoing emergency PCI from Jan 2015 to Dec 2016 were selected.According to random number table,they were randomly and equally divided in-to routine treatment group(received dual antiplatelet therapy etc.)and tirofiban group(received tirofiban based on routine treatment group).TIMI blood flow grade and cardiac function after PCI,plasma GDF-15 and serum PAF levels before and after treatment,and incidence of adverse events were compared between two groups.Results:Compared with routine treatment group on 7d after PCI,there were significant reductions in serum PAF level [(10.2 ± 1.7)μg/L vs.(8.3 ± 1.4)μg/L]and plasma GDF-15 level[(2.6 ± 0.8)μg/L vs.(1.5 ± 0.6)μg/L]in tirofiban group,P=0.001 both.Compared with routine treatment group on six months after PCI,there was signifi-cant rise in left ventricular ejection fraction[(52.8 ± 6.6)% vs.(57.5 ± 7.3)%],and significant reductions in left ventricular end-systolic dimension[(45.4 ± 7.1)mm vs.(40.2 ± 6.9)mm],left ventricular end-diastolic dimension [(57.0 ± 7.2)mm vs.(52.4 ± 7.6)mm]and incidence rate of adverse events(14.5% vs.1.8%)in tirofiban group,P<0.05 or <0.01. Conclusion:Compared with routine treatment,tirofiban can more significantly reduce plasma GDF-15 and serum PAF levels,improve cardiac function in AMI patients after PCI,and it′s safe,which is worth extending.

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 361-365, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487207

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of rhein on renal damage induced by aristolochic acid. Methods Ze-brafish model of aristolochic acid nephropathy, genera-ted by treating zebrafish larvae with aristolochic acid for 24 h, was treated with rhein simultaneously . Mor-pholigical changes were observed and the creatinine level in larvae tissue was measured. And mRNA ex-pression levels of inflammatory factor cox2 a and fibrosis factor TGF-β1 in larvae tissue were detected using qPCR. Results Some larvae show periocular edema and circulation system defection e. g. weak heart beat, narrow cardiac vesicle, decreased blood flow and even blockage , with a dose-response relationship after expo-sure to aristolochic acid for 24 h. The creatinine level in larvae tissue of the treated group was significantly higher than that of the control larvae. And the expres-sion levels of cox2 a and TGF-β1 in larvae tissue of the treated group were also significantly increased. Per-centage of abnormal larvae and creatinine level in lar-vae tissue were decreased when treated with rhein sim-ultaneously. And the expression levels of cox2a was down-regulated by rhein compared with the aristolochic acid treated group. But rhein had no effect on TGF-β1 expression. Conclusion To some extent rhein can protect renal from damage induced by aristolochic acid.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 128-132, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-484325

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the modeling of breast cancer in zebrafish embryos and its related protein expression. Methods 48hpf wild type AB/ TG(Transgenic) zebrafishs were micro-in-jected with breast cancer cell line: MCF-7,T-47D, MDA-MB-231 respectively, the relationship between the number of tumor and model application was investigated, and the number of sub-intestinal veins(SIVs) was detected under confocal microscope, as well as the metastasis of tumor cells in embryos; then the ze-brafish xenografts of MB-231 were co-cultured with tofacitinib/ptk787 for 48 h, optical density(OD) of the cell survival and subintestinal veins(SIVs) were evaluated under confocal micro-scope, and Western blot(WB) analysis was used to test micro-circumstances related protein. Results When the number of in-oculated cells was more than 200 per embryo, xenograft model rate woule be more than 0. 90;MB-231 xenografts showed metas-tasis feature in zebrafish, which could be inhibited by tofacitinib (P < 0. 01), while the number of xenograft MB-231 cells was reduced significantly(P < 0. 01); in another zebrafish xenografts SIVs assay, the tumor could promote the proliferation of SIVs, and 4 mg·L - 1 PTK787 showed inhibiton effect( P < 0. 01). Western blot showed 4d T-47D xenograft zebrafish got more HER2 expression than AB embryos; VEGFa expression in ze-brafish MB-231 model group was higher, and model zebrafish P53 expressi was higher after treated by tofacitinib. Conclusion A zebrafish xenograft model of human brest cancer can be es-tablished, which demonstrates applicability for screening com-pounds in drug discovery studies.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-476292

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the drug resistance of Escherichiacoli in the bloodstream infections from community infec-tion and hospital infection,in order to provide the basis for clinical rational drug use.Methods According to the CLSI 2013 stran-dard,VITEK-2GN and AST-GN13 cards from France Bio-merieux company were used to identify the bacteria and analyze the drug susceptibility.The data was analyzed by SPSS 13.0.Results A total of 181 strains of Escherichiacoli were isolated from communi-ty-acquired and hospital-acquired bloodstream infections from January to December in 2014.There were 88 strains of community in-fection and 93 strains of hospital infection.The rates of ESBLs (+)strains isolated from community infection and hospital infection were 53.4% and 73.1% respectively.The ESBLs (+)rate of Escherichiacoli isolated from community infection was significantly lower than that from hospital infection (P =0.006).Antibiotics of resistance less than 10% in 181 strains of Escherichiacoli were Cefoperazone/Sulbactam,Piperacillin/Tazobactam,Ertapenem,Imipenem,Amikacin.The resistant rate of Hospital infection strains was generally higher than that of community infection strains.The ESBLs (+)rate of Escherichiacoli isolated from bloodstream in-fections of Urology Surgery wsa higher than that of other departments.Conclusion The drug resistance of Escherichiacoli in the bloodstream infections from hospital infection is higher than that from community infection.Using antibiotics rationally and strengthening the nosocomial infection surveillance of ICU and Surgery Ward are effective measures to control the bacterial drug re-sistance.

14.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 453-456,578, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601887

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) on migration,invasion and vasculogenic mimicry (VM) formation of human melanoma cell line MUM-2B. Methods MUM-2B cells were divided into three groups, control group (10%FBS in DMEM), treatment group1 (10μg/L IFN-γ) and treatment group2 (100μg/L IFN-γ). Different concentrations of IFN-γ were added in the culture medium of MUM-2B cells. Wound-healing assay and matrigel invasion assay were performed to examine the migration and invasion ability of MUM-2B cells. Three-D culture was used to observe the VM formation. The expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) of MUM-2B cells was detected by Western blot assay. Results The result of wound-healing assay showed that the migration distance of cells was decreased in treatment groups compared with that of control group. The migration distance of cells was decreased in treatment group 2 compared with that of treatment group 1(P<0.05). The result of matrigel invasion assay showed that the number of invaded cells was decreased in treatment groups compared with that of control group, and which was significantly decreased in treatment group2 than that of treatment group1 (P<0.05). The result of 3-D culture showed that cells in control group can form typical VM tube-like structures, whereas cells in treatment groups cannot. Western blot assay showed that the expression of VEGF protein was significantly decreased in treatment groups compared with that of control group, and the expression of VEGF protein was significantly decreased in treatment group2 than that of treatment group 1(P<0.05). Conclusion These data suggest that IFN-γinhibits migration and invasion of MUM-2B cells, and inhibits VM formation by down regulating VEGF expression in vitro.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-466604

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of Notch1,Delta-like ligand 4 (DLL4),hairy and enhancer of split-1 (HES-1),microvessel density (MVD),lymphatic vessel density (MLD) in gastric carcinoma,so as to discuss their roles in the development of gastric carcinoma.Methods Gastric carcinoma,paracancer tissues which was apart from the edge of cancer tissue > 60 mm obtained during operation and normal gastric mucosa obtained during gastroscopy were used as controls.All specimens were made tissue microarray.The expressions of Notchl,DLL4,HES-1 were detected by immunohistochemistry.Immunohistochenical double taining was used to detect MVD and MLD.The relationships between Notch1,DLL4,HES-1 expression and angiogenesis,lymphangiogenesis and their significances were analyzed.Results The positive rate of Notch1 in gastric carcinoma was 48.30%,significantly higher than that of paracancerous (25.00%,x2 =6.38,P < 0.05) and control group (16.67%,x2 =10.18,P <0.05).The differences of the positive rate of DLL4 in gastric carcinoma (55.94%),paracancerous (45.70%) and control group (56.67%) were not significant (x2 =1.18,P >0.05 ; x2 =0.005,P > 0.05).The differences of the positive rate of HES-1 in gastric carcinoma (36.64%),paracancerous (34.40%) and control group (33.33%) were not significant (x2 =0.05,P > 0.05 ;,x2 =0.11,P > 0.05).The mean of MVD in gastric carcinoma group was 28.84 ± 14.17,which was significantly higher than that in paracancerous group (17.02 ±8.54,t =4.03,P<0.05) and control group (16.69 ±7.21,t =5.01,P<0.05).The mean of MLD in gastric carcinoma group was 8.55 ±4.98,which was significantly higher than that in paracancerous group (4.05 ± 2.48,t =9.30,P < 0.05) and control group (3.99 ± 1.56,t =10.32,P < 0.05).The expression of DLL4 was correlated with MVD (t =2.77,P < 0.05),but wasn't correlated with MLD (t =1.89,P >0.05).There were no correlations between the expression of Notch1,HES-1 and tissues MVD,MLD (P >0.05).Conclusion Notch1 plays important roles in the development of gastric carcinoma.There are many angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in gastric carcinoma.The expression of DLL4 in gastric carcinoma has certain effect in the formation of microvessel.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-458410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTlVE To investigate the inhibition of Radix lsatidis and its major constituents indigo and indirubin on three principal subtypes of organic anion transporters ( OATs) , Oat1, Oat2 and Oat3 in vivo in mice. METHODS Granules of Radix lsatidis ( GRl) 0.615 and 2.46 g·kg-1 , decoction of Radix lsatidis ( DRl) 1.6 and 6.4 g·kg-1 , indigo 0.008 and 0.64 mg·kg-1 and indirubin 0.0192 and 1.536 mg·kg-1 were ig given to the NlH mice (60 mice per group), twice a day, for 5 d while four control groups were set up, including vehicle of water, 0.5%sodium carboxymethyl cellulose ( CMC) , positive control probe-necid (0.05 g·kg-1) and additives of sucrose plus dextrin (1.5 g·kg-1 each) groups. After the last dosing of the test samples, para-aminohippuric acid ( PAH) clearance test was conducted. All the mice were iv given PAH 0.03 g·kg-1 and 1, 2.5, 5, 7.5, 10 and 20 min later before 10 mice per group were euthanized to collect whole blood and the kidneys were quickly removed. Each right kidney was homoge-nized to analyze the PAH accumulations and each left kidney to extract total mRNA for analysis of Oat1, Oat2 and Oat3 gene expressions using quantitative real-time PCR. The concentrations of PAH in sera and in kidney homogenates were determined by the method of Kiguchi. Major pharmacokinetic parame-ters of PAH in sera were calculated by pharmacokinetic software ( DAS2.0) . PAH uptake test for kidney slices was performed on another group of NlH mice according to the method of Nakakariya. RESULTS There was no significant difference between water control group and 0.5%CMC group in all the examined items. Compared with the vehicle control groups ( water and 0. 5%CMC group ) , elimination half time ( t1/2β) of PAH in GRl 2.46 g·kg-1 ,indigo 0.64 mg·kg-1 and indirubin 1.536 mg·kg-1 groups was signifi-cantly prolonged (P<0.05), the total clearance (Cl) and volume of distribution (Vd) were obviously reduced ( P<0.01) and the area under the curve ( AUC0-20 min ) of PAH in all the tested groups was signifi-cantly increased ( P<0.01) . AUC0-20 min obtained from renal PAH accumulations within the checked time was significantly higher ( P<0.05, P<0.01) than in the vehicle control group. But there was in no signifi-cant difference between all the study groups in kidney-to-plasma AUC ratios. PAH uptake results by kidney slices were significantly lower ( P<0. 05, P<0. 01 ) than in vehicle control group in every two dosages of all the four samples tested. Compared with vehicle control group, the mRNA expressions of Oat1, Oat2 and Oat3 were obviously ( P<0.05, P<0.01) and abnormally regulated in the groups of GRl 2.46 g·kg-1, DRl 6.4 g·kg-1, indigo 0.64 mg·kg-1 and indirubin 1.536 mg·kg-1. CONCLUSlON The renal Oat1, Oat2 and Oat3 of mice are significantly inhibited by GRl, DRl, indigo and indirubin. The inhibitory function of Radix lsatidis probably stems from indigo and indirubin contained in it.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-499844

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the efficacy and safety of transverse compression suture in the lower uterine segment for the control of postpartum haemorrhage in cesarean section caused by placenta previa. Methods From Jan 2011 to Jan 2013, 21 patients with postpartum haemorrhage in cesarean section due to placenta previa were given transverse compression suture in the lower uterine segment after routine medical treatment. And the hemostatic efficacy and safety were observed. Results 20 cases of the vaginal bleeding were controlled efficient-ly, with an efficiency of 95. 2%. There was no complication occurred, and menstruation were back to normal during the follow-up, and there was nothing abnormal in the uterine double accessories through B ultrasound reexamination. Conclusion Transverse compression suture in the lower uterine segment is an easy, safe and highly effective surgical technique, it is especially suitable for the control of haemorrhage in the lower uterine segment caused by placenta previa.

18.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 1480-1482,1484, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-599109

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of pigmentary epithelium derived factor (PDEF) on the phenotypic and immunologic function of murine-derived dentritic cells(BMDCs) .Methods Mononuclear cells(MNCs) isolated from murine bone marrow were cultured in RPMI1640 medium containing rmGM-CSF and rmIL-4 for 5 d ,and were divided into five groups .MNCs were stimulated for 3 d with either 50 ,100 ,200ng/mL PEDF ,1 μg/mL LPS(positive control) or RPMI1640(negative control) .The expression of CD11c ,CD80 and CD86 on DCs surface were analyzed by the fluorescence activated cell sorting (FCM ) .The ability of PEDF-induced BMDCs to stimulated T cell maturation were determined by the CCK-8 method and the level of IL-12 in the culture supernatant was detected by ELISA .Results The PEDF-treated BMDCs expressed high levels of CD11c ,CD80 and CD86 ,enhanced the immunolog-ical activities of T lymphocyte and its secretion of IL-12 when compared with untreated DCs .Conclusion PEDF can significantly up-regulate the expression of DCs immunological labelled molecule in in vitro cultured murine and increase its immunological com-petence .

19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1691-1700, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345554

ABSTRACT

We amplified genes encoding UDP-glucose dehydrogenase, ecohasB from Escherichia coli and spyhasB from Streptococcus pyogenes. Both ecohasB and spyhasB were inserted into T7 expression vector pRX2 to construct recombinant plasmids pRXEB and pRXSB, and to express in E. coli BL21(DE3). After nickel column purification of UDP-glucose dehydrogenases, the enzymes were characterized. The optimum reaction condition of spyHasB was at 30 °C and pH 10. The specific activity reached 12.2 U/mg under optimum condition. The optimum reaction condition of ecoHasB was at 30 °C and pH 9. Its specific activity reached 5.55 U/mg under optimum condition. The pmuhasA gene encoding hyaluronic acid synthase was amplified from Pasteurella multocida and ligated with ecohasB and spyhasB to construct the coexpression vectors pBPAEB and pBPASB, respectively. The co-expression vectors were transformed into E. coli BW25113. Hyaluronic acid (HA) was produced by biotransformation and the conditions were optimized. When recombinant strains were used to produce hyaluronic acid, the higher the activity of UDP-glucose dehydrogenase was, the better its stability was, and the higher the HA production could reach. Under the optimal conditions, the yields of HA produced by pBPAEB/BW25113 and pBPASB/BW25113 in shake flasks were 1.52 and 1.70 g/L, respectively, and the production increased more than 2-3 folds as previously reported.


Subject(s)
Biotransformation , Escherichia coli , Genetic Vectors , Glucuronosyltransferase , Genetics , Hyaluronan Synthases , Hyaluronic Acid , Metabolism , Pasteurella multocida , Streptococcus pyogenes , Uridine Diphosphate Glucose Dehydrogenase , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428460

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the quality of domestic hepatitis C diagnostic reagents objectively,and to build up the quality control systems for assessment of hepatitis Cdiagnostic reagents.Methods4080 serum samples from blood donors were collected and detected with EIA kits.146anti-HCV positive and negative samples were selected and tested repeatedly by two different imported ( Murex and Ortho) and domestic anti-HCV EIA kits(InTec,ZHONGSHAN BIO-TECH,WANTAI and KHB),then confirmed by CHIRON RIBA HCV 3.0 and PCR qualitative reagents.The samples were tested by nucleic acid quantitative assay and the RNA positive samples were detected by genotyping reagents.ResultsThe quality control systems of diagnostic reagents of anti-HCV and HCV RNA were constructed.Each quality control system was consisted of 50 samples,including 20 anti-HCV/HCV RNA positive,20 anti-HCV/HCV RNA negative and 10 diluted specimens for sensitivity evaluation.The positive samples with dominant HCV genotypes in China contained strong,moderate and weak positive samples.The negative samples involved those S/CO value ( signal-to-cutoff ratios ) close to threshold.Conclusion The quality control systems established in this study are suitable for assessment of the new and improved domestic hepatitis C diagnostic reagents.

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