Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 314
Filter
1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 313-321, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016646

ABSTRACT

Sesquiterpenes are natural terpenoids with 15 carbon atoms in the basic skeleton, which mainly exist in plant volatile oil and have important physiological and medicinal value. Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) is a kind of monooxygenase encoded by supergene family, which is one of the largest gene families in plants. It is involved in the synthesis and metabolism of terpenoids, alkaloids and other secondary metabolites. In the process of terpene biosynthesis, CYP450 participates in the post-modification stage of terpenes by introducing functional groups such as hydroxyl, carboxyl and carbonyl, which plays an important role in enriching the diversity of terpenes. The CYP450 enzymes involved in sesquiterpene synthesis and their substrate catalytic specificity mechanisms have been partially investigated. In this paper, the biosynthetic pathway of plant sesquiterpenes, the structure and classification of CYP450 enzymes were briefly introduced, and the CYP450 enzymes involved in sesquiterpene biosynthesis were summarized, in order to provide a reference for intensive study of the role of CYP450 enzymes in the synthesis of sesquiterpenoids.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3123-3129, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999061

ABSTRACT

Cytochrome P450 (CYP450) is a kind of superfamily oxidase containing heme, which is distributed in various aerobic organisms. They are widely involved in the biosynthesis of terpenoids, alkaloids, flavonoids, fatty acids, etc. In this study, the full-length cDNA sequence of a P450 was cloned by reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) and rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE) technology, with the specific primers that designed according to the sequence of a transcript annotated as P450 from the Aquilaria sinensis (Lour.) Gilg transcriptome database. The tissue expression and subcellular localization were also studied. The full-length cDNA of the cloned P450 gene is 1 920 bp, with 88 bp 5′-untranslated region (UTR), 344 bp 3′-UTR and a 21 bp polyA tail, and 1 488 bp open reading frame (ORF), encoding 495 amino acids. Sequence alignment revealed that the protein belonged to CYP71D family of cytochrome P450 family, and named AsCYP71D1. Tissue expression analysis indicated that AsCYP71D1 was mainly expressed in stem. Further subcellular localization of onion epidermis showed that AsCYP71D1 was expressed in cytoplasm, nucleus and cell membrane. This study will provide a foundation for further research on its function in agarwood sesquiterpene biosynthesis.

3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 564-569, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981733

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore a surgical method for the reconstruction of volar soft tissue defect and sensory and vascular repair in middle and far phalangeal digits.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to January 2020, a total of 14 patients , 9 males and 5 females, ages ranging from 22 to 69 years old, and with volar soft tissue defects in the middle and distal digits 2 to 4, underwent surgical reconstruction using the V-Y shaped flap with digital artery and nerve at the metacarpophalangeal joint. The defect area was (2.0~2.5) cm×(1.5 ~2.0) cm. The procedure involved the harvest of a V-Y shaped flap with the digital artery and nerve from the metacarpophalangeal joint. Flap design, dissection of blood vessels and nerves, and anastomosis with the digital artery and nerve were performed according to a standardized protocol., Functional exercise of affected finger was initiated 3 weeks postoperatively. Subsequent assessments were conducted to evaluate finger pulp sensation, shape and other relevant parameters. According to the upper extremity functional evaluation standard set up by Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association, the surgical outcomes were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#All 14 cases demonstrated successful tissue transplantation, , with immediate recovery of sensation observed in 10 cases with distal finger pulp defects. Four patients with middle phalangeal defects experienced gradual sensory recovery within 2 to 3 months postoperatively. Thirteen patients were followed up for a mean duration of (8.8 ± 4.49) months, during which satisfactory outcomes were observed. The average two-point resolution of the finger pulp was 4-6mm, and sensory function evaluation yielded a score of S3 or above. Patients exhibited realistic finger shape, normal skin color and temperature, good wear resistance, and cold resistance. Furthermore, finger joint function was essentially normal.@*CONCLUSION@#The V-Y shaped flap with digital artery and nerve at the metacarpophalangeal joint offers a suitable solution for repairing the defect of the middle or distal phalangeal finger. This technique is characterized by its simplicity, low risk, and favorable outcomes, including restored finger shape, blood supply and sensation. Moreover, high patient satisfaction was achieved.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Finger Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Fingers/surgery , Ulnar Artery/surgery , Metacarpophalangeal Joint/surgery
4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 572-578, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010063

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Rapid on-site evaluation (ROSE) is a technique used for simultaneous evaluation of biopsy specimens through rapid cytology staining. Diff-Quik (DQ) staining is the most commonly employed method for cytological rapid on-site evaluation (C-ROSE). However, the utilization of DQ staining for on-site cytological interpretation remains uncommon among pathologists in China, posing challenges to the implementation of C-ROSE. This study aims to assess the application of rapid hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and DQ staining for C-ROSE during percutaneous needle biopsy of peripheral lung cancer and evaluate the value of rapid HE staining in C-ROSE.@*METHODS@#Computed tomography (CT)-guided lung biopsies were conducted on 300 patients diagnosed with peripheral lung cancer. The patients were randomly assigned to two groups for C-ROSE using either rapid HE staining or DQ staining, and subsequently the two methods were compared and evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The concordance rate between C-ROSE and histopathological diagnosis was 96.7%. The median staining time for rapid HE staining was 160 s, while that for DQ staining was 120 s, representing a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.001). However, there were no significant differences observed in terms of total biopsy time, concordance rate with histopathology, cytology specimen peeling rate, and incidence of serious adverse reactions between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both staining methods comply with C-ROSE criteria in the biopsy setting of peripheral lung cancer. Rapid HE staining is more aligned with domestic clinical requirements and holds potential for further promotion and adoption in C-ROSE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Rapid On-site Evaluation , Biopsy, Needle/methods , Staining and Labeling
5.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 341-345, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991750

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of early versus delayed open reduction and internal fixation in the treatment of tibial pilon fracture. Methods:Sixty patients with tibial pilon fractures admitted to Zhejiang Veteran Hospital from May 2018 to May 2021 were included in this study. They were randomly divided into a control group and a study group ( n = 30/group) using the coin-tossing method. Patients in the control group underwent early reduction and internal fixation within 3 days after injury. Patients in the study group underwent delayed reduction and internal fixation during 7-14 days after injury. The time to bone fracture healing and the time to independent weight-bearing walking were recorded. At 3 and 6 months after surgery, the American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society score, Visual Analogue Scale score, clinical efficacy, and incidence of complications were compared between the two groups. Results:The time to bone fracture healing and the time to independent weight-bearing walking in the study group were (8.23 ± 0.63) weeks and (11.77 ± 0.82) weeks, respectively, which were significantly shorter than (9.57 ± 0.86) weeks and (13.40 ± 0.93) weeks in the control group ( t = 6.87, 7.21, both P < 0.001). At 3 months after surgery, American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society score in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group, and the Visual Analogue Scale score in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group ( t = 6.69, 5.16, both P < 0.001). Overall excellent and good rate of clinical efficacy in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group (86.6% vs. 63.3%, χ2 = 4.35, P = 0.037). At 6 months after surgery, there were no significant differences in American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society score and Visual Analogue Scale score between the two groups ( t = 0.96, 1.12, P = 0.339, 0.267). At 6 months after surgery, there was no significant difference in the overall excellent and good rate of clinical efficacy between the study and control groups (96.6% vs. 90.0%, χ2 = 0.26, P = 0.605). The incidence of complications in the study group was significantly lower than that in the control group (3.3% vs. 26.6%, χ2 = 4.70, P = 0.030). Conclusion:Delayed open reduction and internal fixation after reducing injury to the soft tissue of the affected limbs can effectively shorten the rehabilitation cycle of tibial pilon fracture, increase short-term efficacy, and decrease the risk of postoperative complications.

6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 517-524, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the phenotype and genotype distribution of Yersinia pestis ( Y. pestis) in different natural foci of plague in China, so as to provide scientific basis for plague prevention and control. Methods:A total of 2 184 strains of Y. pestis isolated from different time periods, regions, hosts and vectors in 11 plague natural foci of China since 1943 were selected for biochemical type identification, glycolysis test, virulence factor test [capsule antigen (F1), pesticin Ⅰ (Pst Ⅰ), virulence antigen factor (VWa), pigmentation factor (Pgm)], different region (DFR) typing and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) typing. Results:There were 16 biochemical types of Y. pestis in the natural foci of plague in China, and each biochemical type showed obvious regional distribution in each foci. Most strains were positive for ass hide glue glycolysis (89.79%, 1 961/2 184), maltose (80.13%, 1 750/2 184), glycerol (94.23%, 2 058/2 184), and denitrification (82.78%, 1 808/2 184), and negative for rhamnose (88.78%, 1 939/2 184) and melibiose (85.62%, 1 870/2 184). Virulence factor test results showed that 99.95% (2 183/2 184) of Y. pestis were F1 positive; 99.73% (2 178/2 184) of Y. pestis can produce Pst Ⅰ; 73.31% (1 601/2 184) of Y. pestis were VWa positive and 26.69% (583/2 184) were VWa negative; Pgm positive strains accounted for 72.62% (1 586/2 184), Pgm negative strains accounted for 21.52% (470/2 184), and Pgm mixed type strains accounted for 5.86% (128/2 184). According to DFR typing results, there were 52 genotypes in 2 184 strains of Y. pestis, of which 19 were major genotypes and 33 were minor genotypes. CRISPR typing revealed 16 major genotypes, of which 7 were newly discovered. Conclusion:The phenotypes and genotypes of Y. pestis in various natural foci of plague in China are diverse and have geographical distribution characteristics.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 111-115, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991588

ABSTRACT

Objective:To learn about the clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR) genotyping of Yersinia pestis in Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (Yushu for short), Qinghai Province, and to explore its genetic characteristics. Methods:In this study, 44 representative strains isolated from local natural plague focus in Yushu from 1963 to 2007 were selected as experimental objects to extract DNA. Primers targeting the three CRISPR loci (YPa, YPb, and YPc) were designed for PCR amplification. The amplified products were sequenced and analyzed to identify the CRISPR spacer, and to determine the CRISPR genotypes and clusters.Results:Twenty-three spacers including 14 of YPa, 6 of YPb and 3 of YPc were observed among 44 strains, of which 2 spacers (a106 and a107) were firstly identified. According to the spacer arrays, the strains were divided into 15 CRISPR genotypes and classified into 6 CRISPR clusters which were Cb4, Cc3', Ca7, Ca7', CaΔ5' and Ca35', respectively. Among them, Ca7 was the most epidemic dominant cluster (34 strains) in Yushu.Conclusion:The CRISPR loci of Yersinia pestis in Yushu have multiple genotypes, high genetic polymorphism, and complex population structure.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 916-923, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990714

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of radical resection of pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant conversion therapy.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 23 patients who underwent radical resection of pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant conversion therapy in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical School from January 2019 to May 2022 were collected. There were 17 males and 6 females, aged 58(range, 33-73)years. After neoadjuvant conversion therapy, the three-dimensional (3D) visualization was used to evaluate and classify tumor vascular invasion, and surgical plan was planned and implemented. Observation indicators: (1) situations of neoadjuvant conversion therapy; (2) surgical situations; (3) postoperative histopathological examination; (4) postoperative recovery; (5) follow-up. Measurement data with normal distribution were represen-ted as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range) or M( Q1, Q3). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Situations of neoadjuvant conversion therapy. All 23 patients received the AG combination chemotherapy (albumin-paclitaxel+gemcitabine), including 14 patients combined with stereotactic body radiation therapy. Of the 23 patients, 22 cases achieved partial response, and 1 case showed stable disease. The CA19-9 of the 23 patients was 85.06(29.74,634.5)U/mL and 13.96(9.74,25.02)U/mL before and after neoadjuvant conversion therapy, respectively. (2) Surgical situations. According to the results of preoperative 3D visualization of tumor vascular invasion, 7 of the 23 patients were evaluated as arterial invasion, 8 cases were evaluated as venous invasion, 5 cases were evaluated as arterial and venous invasion, and there were 3 cases showing negative of vascular invasion. Of the 23 patients, 12 cases underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy, 4 cases underwent radical antegrade modular pancreatosplenectomy, 7 cases underwent total pancreaticoduodenectomy. For vascular reconstruction, there were 10 patients without vascular reconstruction, and there were 13 patients undergoing artificial vascular vein reconstruction. The operation time and volume of intraoperative blood loss of the 23 patients was (524±171)minutes and 1 000(400,1 600)mL, respectively. (3) Postoperative histopathological exami-nation. Results of postoperative histopathological examination in 23 patients showed that there were 2 cases with moderate-well differentiated tumor, 10 cases with moderate differentiated tumor, 7 cases with moderate-poorly differentiated tumor, 2 cases with poorly differentiated tumor, and 2 cases negative of tumor. The number of lymph node dissected in 23 patients was 16±7. There were 5 cases with lymph node metastasis and 18 cases without lymph node metastasis. There were 17 cases with nerve invasion and 6 cases without nerve invasion. All 23 patients were negative of vascular invasion. Of the 23 patients, there were 21 cases with R 0 resection and 2 cases with R 1 resection. For pathological TNM staging, there were 2 cases with 0 stage, 13 cases with Ⅰ stage, 7 cases with Ⅱ stage, and 1 case with Ⅳ stage. For postoperative pathological scoring, there were 2 cases achieved 0 point (complete pathological remission), 16 cases achieved 2 points (partial remission), and 5 cases achieved 3 points (no significant effect). (4) Postoperative recovery. The postoperative duration of hospital stay of 23 patients was 19(14,31)days. There were 17 of 23 patients underwent postoperative complications, including 11 cases with Clavien-Dindo Ⅱ stage complications, 3 cases with Clavien-Dindo Ⅲa stage complications, 1 case with Clavien-Dindo Ⅲb stage complication, 1 case with Clavien-Dindo Ⅳ stage complication, and 1 case with Clavien-Dindo Ⅴ stage complica-tion. (5) Follow-up. There were 22 patients underwent follow-up, with follow-up time as 12(9,23)months. There were 9 patients underwent postoperative recurrence and metastasis, with recurrence and metastasis time as 7.8(range, 6.0-12.0)months. During the follow-up, 15 of the 22 patients survived. Conclusion:Radical resection of pancreatic cancer after neoadjuvant conversion therapy is feasible.

9.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 873-883, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the surgical efficacy and prognosis influencing factors of hilar cholangiocarcinoma based on multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 91 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma who underwent surgery in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from April 2004 to April 2021 were collected. There were 59 males and 32 females, aged (61±10)years. Patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014 underwent traditional surgical diagnosis and treatment, and patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021 underwent multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment. Observation indica-tors: (1) surgical situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) postoperative pathological examina-tions; (4) postoperative prognosis analysis; (5) influencing factors of postoperative prognosis. Follow-up was conducted using telephone interview and outpatient examination. Patients were followed up once every 6 months after surgery to detect survival. The follow-up was up to April 2023. Measure-ment data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and comparison between groups was conducted using the independent sample t test. Measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range), and comparison between groups was conducted using the Mann-Whitney U test. Comparison of ordinal data was conducted using the rank sum test. Count data were described as absolute numbers or percentages, and comparison between groups was conducted using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curve and calculate survival rate. The Log-Rank test was used for survival analysis. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted using the COX proportional hazard model. Results:(1) Surgical situations. Of the 91 patients, there were 65 cases receiving hemi- or expanded hemi-hepatectomy, 13 cases receiving tri-hepatectomy, 9 cases receiving partial hepatectomy, 4 cases receiving extrahepatic bile duct resection. There were 24 cases receiving combined vein resection and reconstruction, 8 cases receiving combined pancreaticoduodenectomy, 6 cases receiving com-bined hepatic artery resection and reconstruction, including 24 cases receiving extended radical surgery (tri-hepatectomy, hepatic artery resection and reconstruction, hepatopancreaticoduodenec-tomy). The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss and intraoperative blood transfusion rate of 91 patients was (590±124)minutes, 800(range, 500?1 200)mL and 75.8%(69/91), respectively. Of the 91 patients, cases receiving extended radical surgery, the volume of intraoperative blood loss were 4, 650(range, 300?1 000)mL in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 20, 875 (range, 500?1 375)mL in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing significant differences between them ( χ2=4.39, Z=0.31, P<0.05). (2) Post-operative situations. The postoperative duration of hospital stay and cases with postoperative infectious complications were (27±17)days and 50 in the 91 patients. Cases with abdominal infection, cases with infection of incision, cases with bacteremia and cases with pulmonary infection were 43, 7, 5, 8 in the 91 patients. One patient might have multiple infectious complications. Cases with bile leakage, cases with delayed gastric emptying, cases with chylous leakage, cases with liver failure, cases with pancreatic fistula, cases with intraperitoneal hemorrhage, cases with reoperation, cases dead during the postoperative 90 days were 30, 9, 9, 6, 5, 3, 6, 3 in the 91 patients. Cases with abdominal infection was 10 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 33 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=4.24, P<0.05). Cases dead during the postoperative 90 days was 3 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 0 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( P<0.05). (3) Post-operative pathological examinations. Of the 91 patients, cases with Bismuth type as type Ⅰ?Ⅱ, type Ⅲ, type Ⅳ, cases with T staging as Tis stage, T1 stage, T2a?2b stage, T3 stage, T4 stage, cases with N staging as N0 stage, N1 stage, N2 stage, cases with M staging as M0 stage, M1 stage, cases with TNM staging as 0 stage, Ⅰ stage, Ⅱ stage, Ⅲ stage, ⅣA stage, ⅣB stage, cases with R 0 radical resection, cases with R 1 or R 2 resection were 15, 46, 30, 1, 9, 25, 30, 26, 49, 36, 6, 85, 6, 1, 7, 13, 58, 6, 6, 63, 28. Cases with R 0 radical resection, cases with R 1 or R 2 resection were 15, 16 in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 48, 12 in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=9.59, P<0.05). (4) Postoperative prognosis analysis. Of the 91 patients, 3 cases who died within 90 days after surgery were excluded, and the 5-year overall survival rate and median overall survival time of the rest of 88 cases were 44.7% and 55 months. The 5-year overall survival rate was 33.5% in the 28 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 50.4% in the 60 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021, showing a significant difference between them ( χ2=5.31, P<0.05). Results of further analysis showed that the corresponding 5-year overall survival rate of cases without lymph node metastasis was 43.8% in the 16 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 61.6% in the 31 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021. There was a significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate between these patients without lymph node metastasis ( χ2=3.98, P<0.05). The corresponding 5-year overall survival rate of cases with lymph node metastasis was 18.5% in the 12 patients who were admitted from April 2004 to March 2014, versus 37.7% in the 29 patients who were admitted from April 2014 to April 2021. There was no significant difference in the 5-year overall survival rate between these patients with lymph node metastasis ( χ2=2.25, P>0.05). (5) Influencing factors of postoperative prognosis. Results of multivariate analysis showed that poorly differentiated tumor and R 1 or R 2 resection were inde-pendent risk factors influencing prognosis after surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma ( hazard ratio=2.62, 2.71, 95% confidence interval as 1.30?5.29, 1.30?5.69, P<0.05). Conclusions:Compared with traditional surgical diagnosis and treatment, treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma based on multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment can expand surgical indications, reduce proportion of dead patients within 90 days after surgery, improve proportation of radical resection and long-term survival rate. Poorly differentiated tumor and R 1 or R 2 resection are independent risk factors influencing prognosis after surgical treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma.

10.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 267-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979628

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To understand the mental health literacy level of residents in Hainan Province, and to provide evidence for promoting mental health promotion and improving the mental health literacy level of residents. Methods Multi-stage random sampling method was used to investigate The National Mental Health Literacy Questionnaire among 6 895 residents in 12 districts including Changjiang, Chengmai, Dongfang, Ledong, Lingshui, Haikou Longhua District, Haikou Meilan District, Qionghai, Sanya, Tunchang, Wenchang and Wuzhishan. Results In the survey 6 895 residents in 12 counties, cities, districts of Hainan Province, 365 of them reached the standard of mental health with the standard rate of 5.3%. The mental health knowledge score was (54.00±17.02) with the standard rate of 7.7%; the self-assessment score was (26.11±3.99) with the standard rate of 75.9%; the score of mental health skill was (26.22±7.25) with the standard rate of 44.8%. The mental health literacy level of medical workers was the highest, with the standard rate of 13.5% (112/830), and the mental health literacy level of farmers was the lowest, with the standard rate of 0.8% (13/1 647). The results of unconditional Logistic regression showed that the factors entering the regression model included educational background (OR=2.268), personal monthly income (OR=1.129), gender (OR=1.302), household registration (OR=0.776), and whether they had participated in mental health related courses OR training (OR=0.511). The higher the educational background and personal monthly income, the higher the psychological quality. The mental health of women was higher than that of men, and that of urban was higher than that of rural, and those who had participated in mental health related courses were higher than those who had not. Conclusions The mental health literacy level of Hainan residents is at a low level, and the influencing factors are multifaceted. It is suggested to strengthen the mental health monitoring comprehensively and carry out rich health education service mode for different groups.

11.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1657-1664, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978835

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of serum cytokines in the early diagnosis of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP), and to improve the accuracy of the diagnosis of SAP by establishing a mathematical model with composite indices based on LASSO algorithm. Methods A total of 130 patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) who attended Changshu First People's Hospital from January 2019 to June 2022 were enrolled, among whom there were 73 SAP patients and 57 non-SAP patients.Peripheral serum samples were collected from all patients, and Luminex xMAP liquid chip technique was used to measure 13 serum cytokines.Meanwhile, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation Ⅱ(APACHE Ⅱ), Bedside Index for Severity in Acute Pancreatitis (BISAP), and Computed Tomography Severity Index (CTSI) scores were determined for all patients.The Kolmogorov-Smirnov method was used for normality test; the independent-samples t test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups.Furthermore, the binary logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the effect of cytokines on SAP, and the linear regression analysis was used to investigate the correlation between cytokines and SAP severity.The partial correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between cytokines and SAP severity score after adjustment for covariates[age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and history of hypertension and diabetes].The LASSO algorithm was used to establish a mathematical model with composite indices; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to assess the performance of serum cytokines in the clinical diagnosis of SAP, and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated. Results Compared with the SAP group, the non-SAP group had significantly lower APACHE Ⅱ, BISAP, CTSI, and modified Marshall scores (all P < 0.001).Compared with the non-SAP group, the SAP group had significantly higher levels of interferon-γ(IFN-γ), interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-8, and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and a significantly lower level of interleukin-12(all P < 0.05).The logistic regression analysis showed that IFN-γ(odds ratio[ OR ]=1.190, 95% confidence interval[ CI ]: 1.036-1.367, P =0.014), IL-6 ( OR =1.148, 95% CI : 1.070-1.231, P < 0.001), and TNF-α ( OR =1.100, 95% CI : 1.048-1.155, P < 0.001) were independent influencing factors for SAP.The partial correlation analysis showed that after adjustment for sex, age, BMI, and history of chronic diseases (diabetes and hypertension), the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α were positively correlated with APACHE Ⅱ score in SAP patients (IL-6: r =0.503, P < 0.001;TNF-α: r =0.557, P < 0.001).The linear regression analysis showed that the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α were associated with APACHE Ⅱ score in SAP patients (IL-6: β =0.049, P =0.044;TNF-α: β =0.054, P =0.046), and there was an interaction between IL-6 and TNF-α, which affected APACHE Ⅱ score.The ROC curve analysis showed that the risk score based on IL-6 and TNF-α using LASSO algorithm had the largest AUC of 0.925 in distinguishing SAP from non-SAP, while IL-6 or TNF-α alone had an AUC of 0.885 and 0.878, respectively.The partial correlation analysis showed that after adjustment for sex, age, BMI, and history of chronic diseases (diabetes and hypertension), the risk score was positively correlated with APACHE Ⅱ score in SAP patients ( r =0.565, P < 0.001). Conclusion The serum levels of IL-6 and TNF-α can reflect the severity of AP.The risk score combining serum IL-6 and TNF-α can significantly improve the accuracy of the early diagnosis of SAP, which has an important clinical value in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of SAP.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1023-1031, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970574

ABSTRACT

This study used m-chloropheniperazine(MCPP) and chronic unforeseeable mild stress(CUMS) to induce the rat models of anxiety and depression, respectively. The behaviors of rats were observed by the open field test(OFT), light-dark exploration test(LDE), tail suspension test(TST), and forced swimming test(FST), and the antidepressant and anxiolytic effects of agarwood essential oil(AEO), agarwood fragrant powder(AFP), and agarwood line incense(ALI) were explored. The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to determine the levels of 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT), glutamic acid(Glu), and γ-aminobutyric acid(GABA_A) in the hippocampal area. The Western blot assay was used to determine the protein expression levels of glutamate receptor 1(GluR1) and vesicular glutamate transporter type 1(VGluT1), exploring the anxiolytic and antidepressant mechanism of agarwood inhalation. The results showed that compared with the anxiety model group, the AEO, AFP, and ALI groups decreased the total distance(P<0.05), decreased the velocity of movements(P<0.05), prolonged the immobile time(P<0.05), and reduced the distance and velocity of the rat model of anxiety in the dark box(P<0.05). Compared with the depression model group, the AEO, AFP, and ALI groups increased the total distance and average velocity(P<0.05), reduced the immobile time(P<0.05), and reduced the forced swimming and tail suspension time(P<0.05). In terms of transmitter regulation, the AEO, AFP, and ALI groups decreased the level of Glu in the rat model of anxiety(P<0.05) and increased the levels of GABA_A and 5-HT(P<0.05), while the AEO, AFP, and ALI groups all increased the level of 5-HT in the rat model of depression(P<0.05) and decreased the levels of GABA_A and Glu(P<0.05). At the same time, the AEO, AFP, and ALI groups all increased the protein expression levels of GluR1 and VGluT1 in the hippocampus of the rat models of anxiety and depression(P<0.05). In conclusion, AEO, AFP, and ALI exert anxiolytic and antidepressant effects, and the mechanism might be related to the regulation of the neurotransmitter and the protein expression of GluR1 and VGluT1 in the hippocampus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Anti-Anxiety Agents , Serotonin , alpha-Fetoproteins , Antidepressive Agents , Glutamic Acid , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 879-889, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970559

ABSTRACT

Acute myocardial infarction seriously endangers the health of people due to its high morbidity and high mortality. Reperfusion strategy is the preferred treatment strategy for acute myocardial infarction. However, reperfusion may lead to additional heart damage, namely myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury(MIRI). Therefore, how to reduce myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury has become one of the urgent problems to be solved in cardiovascular disease. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) has the multi-component, multi-channel, and multi-target advantages in the treatment of MIRI, which offers new ideas in this aspect. TCM containing flavonoids has a variety of biological activities and plays a significant role in the treatment of MIRI, which has great research and development application value. TCM containing flavonoids can regulate multiple signaling pathways of MIRI, such as phosphatidylinositol 3 kinase/kinase B(PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway, Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcriptions(JAK/STAT) signaling pathway, adenosine 5'-monophosphate(AMP)-activated protein kinase(AMPK) signaling pathway, mitogen-activated protein kinase(MAPK) signaling pathway, nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2/antioxidant response element(Nrf2/ARE) signaling pathway, nuclear factor kappa-B(NF-κB) signaling pathway, silent information regulator 1(Sirt1) signaling pathway, and Notch signaling pathway. It reduces MIRI by inhibiting calcium overload, improving energy metabolism, regulating autophagy, and inhibiting ferroptosis and apoptosis. Therefore, a review has been made based on the regulation of relative signaling pathways against MIRI by TCM containing flavonoids, thus providing theoretical support and potential therapeutic strategies for TCM to alleviate MIRI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Signal Transduction , NF-kappa B , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Flavonoids
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6403-6407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008839

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the chemical constituents of supercritical extract from Qi-nan Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum by silica gel column chromatography, thin-layer chromatography, and semi-preparative high-performance liquid chromatography. One new elemane-type and one new eudesmane-type sesquiterpene compounds were isolated from the extract, and their structures were identified by MS, UV, IR, NMR, and ECD spectroscopic techniques, and named aquqinanol C(1) and aquqinanol D(2). Both compounds are novel compounds. The neuroprotective effect of the compounds on CORT-induced PC12 cell damage was determined in vitro. The results showed that compounds 1 and 2 exhibited a certain protective effect against CORT-induced damage in PC12 cells.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Qi , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology , Molecular Structure
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5623-5631, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008759

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects of Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction on myocardial metabolites in a rat model of coronary heart disease with heart blood stasis syndrome and explored the therapeutic mechanism of blood circulation-promoting and blood stasis-removing therapy. SD rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction group(14.04 g·kg~(-1)), and a trimetazidine group(5.4 mg·kg~(-1)). The sham operation group underwent thread insertion without ligation, while the other groups underwent coronary artery left anterior descending branch ligation to induce a model of coronary heart disease with heart blood stasis syndrome. Three days after modeling, drug intervention was performed, and samples were taken after 14 days of intervention. General conditions were observed, and electrocardiogram and cardiac ultrasound indices were measured. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining and Masson staining were used to observe tissue pathological morphology. The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to measure the levels of triglyceride(TG) and total cholesterol(TC) in the serum. Ultra high performance liquid chromatography-quantitative exactive-mass spectrometry(UHPLC-QE-MS) technology was used to screen differential metabolites in myocardial tissue and conduct metabolic pathway enrichment analysis. The results showed that Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction significantly improved the general condition of the model rats, reduced heart rate and ST segment elevation in the electrocardiogram, increased left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) and left ventricular fractional shortening(LVFS), and decreased left ventricular internal diameter in diastole(LVIDd) and left ventricular internal diameter in systole(LVIDs). HE staining and Masson staining showed that Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction effectively alleviated myocardial tissue structural disorders, inflammatory cell infiltration, and collagen fiber deposition in the model rats. ELISA results showed that Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction effectively regulated serum TG and TC levels in the model rats. There were significant differences in the metabolic phenotypes of myocardial samples in each group. Fourteen differential metabolites were identified in the Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction group, involving five metabolic pathways, including arginine and proline metabolism, glycerophospholipid metabolism, aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis, ether lipid metabolism, and alanine, aspartate, and glutamate metabolism. Xuefu Zhuyu Decoction improved cardiac function and myocardial structural damage in the rat model of coronary heart disease with heart blood stasis syndrome, and its biological mechanism involved the regulation of lipid metabolism, choline metabolism, amino acid metabolism, energy metabolism, and protein synthesis pathways.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Stroke Volume , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Ventricular Function, Left , Coronary Disease/drug therapy , Metabolomics
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 846-852, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927968

ABSTRACT

The improvement of the harvest period standards is critical in the quality control of Chinese medicinal materials. The present study statistically analyzed the harvest period standards of plant medicinal materials in the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia(Vol.Ⅰ) and put forward the existing problems and suggestions based on herbal records and modern research to provide references for the improvement of the standards. According to the statistical analysis, in 499 types of plant medicinal materials, harvest period standards are recorded under 486 types, accounting for 97.4%, and are lacking in the remaining. Only one medicinal material(Stellariae Radix) is recorded with the standard of the harvest year. The standards of the harvest season and phenological period are recorded under 233 types, accounting for 46.7%. For 237 types, only harvest season is specified, accounting for 47.5%, and for 15 types, only harvest phenological period is specified, accounting for 3.0%. Among 222 types mainly derived from cultivation and 51 types from wild resources and cultivation, only 11 types are recorded with harvest period of cultivated products. Only Stellariae Radix is recorded with the harvest period standards for the wild and cultivated products separately. The harvest period standards of plant medicinal materials with different medicinal parts have certain rules to follow. The main problems about the harvest period standards are discovered. Specifically, no harvest period standards are recorded under 13 types of plant medicinal materials. Almost all perennial cultivated medicinal materials are not recorded with harvest year standard. No phenological period standard is found under 250 types of plant medicinal materials. There is no clear distinction between the harvest period standards of cultivated and wild products. The evidence for harvest period standards of 26 types of plant medicinal materials that can be harvested all year round is insufficient. As a result, it is proposed to strengthen basic research in response to the above-mentioned problems and improve the harvest period standards as soon as possible to ensure the quality of Chinese medicinal materials.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/standards , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Pharmacopoeias as Topic , Plants, Medicinal , Quality Control
17.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 102-109, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927852

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression profiles of circulating microRNA(miRNA)and potential markers for the diagnosis of adult fulminant myocarditis(FM). Methods The expression profiles of circulating miRNA were determined by microarray analysis and verified by real-time quantitative PCR.The key role of circulating miRNA in FM was determined via KEGG pathway enrichment.The correlations between miRNA and cardiac function parameters in patients with FM were analyzed.The receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curve was established to evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of circulating miRNA in the diagnosis of FM. Results Compared with healthy controls,the FM patients had up-regulated expression levels of miR-29b(t=18.925,P<0.001)and miR-125b(t=5.981,P=0.029)in the plasma.After treatment,the expression levels of miR-29b(t=12.943,P<0.001)and miR-125b(t=14.016,P<0.001)were significantly down-regulated.KEGG pathway enrichment showed that the targets of miR-29b were involved in inflammatory response and apoptosis pathways.The results of cell proliferation and apoptosis assay demonstrated the transfection of miR-29b mimic had a more significant inducing effect on cardiomyocyte apoptosis than that of miR-125b mimic(χ 2=6.168,P=0.047),whereas there was no significant difference in the inhibition of cell proliferation between the two groups(χ2=1.452,P=0.417).The expression levels of miR-29b and miR-125b were negatively correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction(r=-0.67,P=0.071;r=-0.49,P=0.003).They were positively correlated with cardiac troponin I level(r=0.61,P=0.019;r=0.52,P=0.016),interferon β level(r=0.42,P=0.014;r=0.36,P=0.021),and myocardial edema area(r=0.86,P=0.005;r=0.73,P=0.013).The ROC curve analysis demonstrated that miR-29b had higher sensitivity for the diagnosis of FM(93.6% vs.89.2%;t=0.896,P=0.795)and specificity(72.4% vs.59.6%;t=9.478,P=0.002)than miR-125b. Conclusion The circulating miR-29b may be a potential biomarker for the diagnosis of FM.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Biomarkers/metabolism , Circulating MicroRNA/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Myocarditis/diagnosis , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
18.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 3177-3186, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939949

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common malignant tumor with poor prognosis and high mortality. In this study, we demonstrated a novel vaccine targeting HCC and tumor neovascular endothelial cells by fusing recombinant MHCC97H cells expressing porcine α-1,3-galactose epitopes (αGal) and endorphin extracellular domains (END) with dendritic cells (DCs) from healthy volunteers. END+/Gal+-MHCC97H/DC fusion cells induced cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and secretion of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ). CTLs targeted cells expressing αGal and END and tumor angiogenesis. The fused cell vaccine can effectively inhibit tumor growth and prolong the survival time of human hepatoma mice, indicating the high clinical potential of this new cell based vaccine.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 316-322, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935944

ABSTRACT

Objective: To dynamically observe the clinical efficacy of entecavir and the changes of PD-1+CXCR5+CD4+T lymphocytes and sPD-1 levels in peripheral blood of HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B virus carriers treated with entecavir, and further explore its clinical significance. Methods: There were 31 cases of chronic hepatitis B virus carriers in the treatment group (A), 32 cases of chronic hepatitis B virus carriers in the treatment group (B), and 15 cases of chronic hepatitis B virus carriers in the non-treatment group (C).Three groups peripheral blood samples and clinical data at 0, 24 and 48 weeks were collected and compared. PD-1+CXCR5+CD4+T lymphocytes were detected by flow cytometry, and the level of sPD-1 was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. ANOVA and Spearman correlation analysis were performed on the measurement data among the three groups. Results: At week 0, the serum levels of HBsAg, HBeAg and HBV DNA were significantly higher in groups A and C than group B. PD-1+CXCR5+CD4+T lymphocytes in peripheral blood were significantly higher in group B (4.70%±1.58%) than group A (3.25%±1.01%) and group C (2.77%±0.67%) (F=16.65, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between group A and group C (P>0.05). Peripheral blood sPD-1 in group B [(1 866.62±1 472.70) pg/ml] was significantly higher than group A [(824.86±538.66) pg/ml] and group C [(618.19±602.62) pg/ml] (F=10.95, P<0.05). There was no significant difference between group A and group C (P>0.05). At 48 weeks, the serum HBsAg did not decrease significantly in groups A and C than baseline (P>0.05), but were significantly higher than group B (P<0.05). Serum HBeAg levels were decreased significantly in groups A and B than baseline (P<0.05). <0.05), but group A was significantly higher than group B (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between group A and group C (P>0.05). Serum HBV DNA level was significantly lower in groups A and B than group C (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between group A and group B (P>0.05). Peripheral blood PD-1+CXCR5+CD4+T lymphocytes were significantly lower in Group A (1.56%±0.73%) and group B (1.32%±0.43%) than group C (2.64%±0.85%) (P<0.05). Peripheral blood sPD-1 were significantly lower in group A [(289.05±215.86) pg/ml] and group B [(236.01±173.92) pg/ml] than group C [(650.34±598.46) pg/ml] (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between group A and group B. Correlation analysis results: In group A at 48 weeks, the decreased level of PD-1+CXCR5+CD4+T lymphocyte ratio had no correlation with the decreased level of HBsAg and HBV DNA, but was positively correlated with the decreased level of HBeAg (r=0.376, P<0.05). The decreased level of sPD-1 had no correlation with the changes of HBsAg, but was positively correlated with the decreased levels of HBeAg and HBV DNA (r=0.598 and 0.384, P<0.05). In group B at 48 weeks, the decreased levels of PD-1+CXCR5+CD4+T lymphocytes and sPD-1 were positively correlated with the decreased levels of HBsAg, HBeAg, and HBV DNA (P<0.05). Conclusion: Hepatitis B virus replication and expressions in HBeAg-positive chronic hepatitis B virus carriers were significantly inhibited after 48 weeks of antiviral treatment, which is related not only to entecavir treatment, but also to the immunological mechanism involved in sPD-1. Moreover, the inhibition of HBeAg expression is associated with a decrease in the number and/or activity of PD-1+CXCR5+CD4+T lymphocytes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor , Receptors, CXCR5/analysis , T-Lymphocytes
20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 837-842, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923289

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop a new model for predicting recurrence after liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) beyond Milan criteria based on related preoperative and postoperative indicators. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of the patients with HCC beyond Milan criteria who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation for the first time in Tianjin First Central Hospital from August 2014 to July 2018, and according to the presence or absence of recurrence during follow-up, the patients were divided into recurrence group and no-recurrence group. The t -test or the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups, and the chi-square test or the Fisher's exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to plot survival curves, and the log-rank test was used for comparison of survival curves. Univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were used to identify the risk factors for recurrence-free survival after surgery. A new model was developed for recurrence after liver transplantation in the patients with HCC beyond Milan criteria based on the risk factors identified. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to evaluate predictive performance, and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test was used to assess the goodness of fit of the model. Results A total of 117 patients with HCC beyond Milan criteria were enrolled in this study, with a median follow-up time of 24 (1-74) months. A total of 53 patients (45.3%) experienced recurrence after surgery, among whom 52 (98.1%) had recurrence within 3 years after surgery, with a median time to recurrence of 6 (1-52) months. The Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that preoperative serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) >769 ng/mL, neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) >3.75, and ki67 index >0.25 were independent risk factors for recurrence-free survival after liver transplantation. The model established based on these three risk factors had an AUC of 0.843, with good sensitivity (88.7%) and specificity (70.3%). The optimal cut-off value was selected according to the maximization of Youden index, and then the patients were divided into low-risk group (0-1 point) and high-risk group (1.5-4 points). The log-rank test showed that the low-risk group had significantly higher 3-and 5-year recurrence-free survival rates than the high-risk group (84.1%/72.0% vs 10.9%/10.9%, χ 2 =29.425, P < 0.001). Conclusion Liver transplantation for HCC beyond Milan criteria should be performed with caution, and the predictive model established based on preoperative AFP, NLR, and ki67 index can accurately assess the indication for liver transplantation in such patients.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL