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1.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 1008-1015, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998993

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the feasibility of multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) combined with histogram analysis of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in the assessment of patients with variant histology (VH) of urothelial carcinoma (UC). MethodWe retrospectively analyzed the data of patients pathologically diagnosed with UC who underwent mpMRI in the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between March 2015 and March 2023. The patients were divided into VH group (urothelial carcinoma mixed with other histologies) and non-VH group (pure urothelial carcinoma) according to pathological results. We performed propensity score 1:1 nearest-neighbor matching on the two groups based on age and gender and 49 patients were included in each group. The regions of interest (ROIs) of the whole tumor were delineated manually by using ITK-SNAP software and Pyradiomics was applied to extract ADC histogram parameters. We compared the clinicopathological data, MRI morphological features and ADC histogram parameters between the groups. Multivariate logistic regression was used to identify independent risk factors and construct the prediction model. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were performed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of these parameters for determining VH of UC. ResultsMRI morphological features including the lesion shape, vesical imaging-reporting and data system (Ⅵ-RADS)score, enhancement pattern and suspicious lymph node metastasis were markedly different between the two groups (all P < 0.05). ADC mean, ADC median, ADC25th, ADC75th, ADC10th and ADC90th were significantly lower in patients with VH than those in non-VH group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed enhancement pattern, ADC25th, ADC75th and ADC mean were independent predictors (P < 0.05). The combined model yielded the best predictive performance, with an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.91 (95% CI: 0.83-0.96). ConclusionsMpMRI combined with whole-tumor histogram analysis of ADC can serve as a reliable method for evaluating the presence of VH in UC, further to assist the clinical decision making.

2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 243-245, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965487

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of hand, foot, and-mouth disease (HFMD) among children under 6 years in Wuxing District, Huzhou City from 2013 to 2021, so as to provide insights into HFMC control among children. @* Methods @#The surveillance on HFMD and enterovirus 71 (EV71) vaccination among children under 6 years in Wuxing District, Huzhou City from 2013 to 2021 were captured from China Disease Prevention and Control Information System, and the temporal, human and spatial distributions of HFMD cases and pathogenic detection results were descriptively analyzed.@*Results @#A total of 14 272 HFMD cases under 6 years were reported in Wuxing District from 2013 to 2021, with an average annual incidence rate of 465.75/104. There were 8 313 male children with HFMD (522.39/104 incidence) and 5 959 female children with HFMD (404.55/104 incidence), and higher incidence of HFMD was seen among male children than among female children (χ2=239.228, P<0.001). Most HFMD cases were found among children at ages of 1 to 3 years (10 006 cases, 70.11%), and the incidence of HFMD peaked during the period between May and July and between October and December each year. High incidence of HFMD was seen in Zhili Township (741.50/104), Yangjiabu Street (546.99/104) and Balidian Township (438.68/104). There were 717 laboratory-confirmed HFMD cases (5.02%), including 106 EV71-positive cases (14.78%) and 177 CoxA16-positive cases (24.69%). A total of 56 288 doses of EV71 vaccines were administered in Wuxing District from 2017 to 2021, with an annual average full-dose vaccination rate of 14.87%. The detection of EV71 infection was significantly lower after EV71 vaccination than before vaccination (4.49% vs. 24.93%; χ2=62.932, P<0.001).@* Conclusions @#The incidence of HFMD peaks in summer and winter among children under 6 years in Wuxing District, which predominantly occurs among children at ages of 1 to 3 years. The incidence of HFMD is high in Zhili Township, Yangjiabu Street and Balidian Township, and the number of EV71-positive cases significantly reduces after EV71 vaccination than before vaccination.

3.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 327-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979650

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract: Objective To investigate the fundus arteriosclerosis and its influencing factors in HIV/AIDS patients after long-term highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). Methods The clinical basic data and fundus examination data of 203 HIV/AIDS patients before and after HAART in the Fourth People 's Hospital of Nanning from January 2020 to June 2022 were collected to evaluate the occurrence of fundus arteriosclerosis and analyze its influencing factors. Results Of the 203 HIV/AIDS patients, 159 patients developed fundus arteriosclerosis, with an incidence of 78.33%, including 33 patients with grade Ⅰ(20.75%), 87 patients with grade Ⅱ (54.72%), 28 patients with grade Ⅲ(17.61%), and 11 patients (6.92%) with Grade Ⅳ. Before HAART, there was no significant difference in CD4+T lymphocyte count, CD8+T lymphocyte count, viral load, white blood cell count, platelet count, hemoglobin, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, triacylglycerol, total cholesterol, fasting blood glucose, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and serum total bilirubin between the atherosclerosis group and normal group (P>0.05). After 6 months of HAART, CD8+T lymphocyte count, triacylglycerol and fasting blood glucose in atherosclerosis group were significantly higher than those in normal group (P<0.05). In the stratified comparison of CD4+ and CD8+ lymphocyte counts after 6 months of HAART, the proportion of patients with CD4+ lymphocyte count (CD4+)<200 (cells/μL) in the atherosclerosis group was significantly higher than that in the normal group; the proportion of patients with CD4+ lymphocyte count (CD4+)≥500 (cells/μL) was significantly lower than that in the normal group; the proportion of patients with CD8+ lymphocyte count CD8+≥ 800/μL was significantly higher than that in the normal group (all P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that opportunistic infection, HIV course, CD4+T, CD8+T lymphocyte count after HAART and triglyceride were independent risk factors for ocular fundus atherosclerosis in HIV/AIDS patients (all P<0.05). Conclusions The incidence of ocular fundus arteriosclerosis is high in HIV/AIDS patients. More than 4 years of HIV course, combined opportunistic infection, Low CD4+T lymphocyte count after 6 months of HAART, high CD8+T lymphocyte count and high triglyceride level are independent risk factors for ocular fundus arteriosclerosis in HIV/AIDS patients. Fundus screening should be performed before and after HAART in such population, HAART program should be formulated for the risk of cardiovascular disease, and risk management of cardiovascular disease should be strengthened during treatment to improve patient outcomes.

4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1307-1315, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928057

ABSTRACT

This paper aims to study the effect of Xiangqin Jiere Granules(XQ) on lipid metabolism and chronic inflammation in different obesity model mice. The monosodium glutamate(MSG) obese mouse model was established by subcutaneous injection of MSG in newborn mice, and the high fat diet(HFD) obese mouse model was established by feeding adult mice with HFD. The normal mice were assigned into the control group; the MSG obese mice were assigned into MSG model group, XQ4.5 group(Xiangqin Jiere Granu-les, 4.5 g·kg~(-1)), XQ22.5 group(Xiangqin Jiere Granules, 22.5 g·kg~(-1)); the HFD obese mice were assigned into HFD model group, XQ4.5 group, and XQ22.5 group. The mice were intragastrically administrated with saline or XQ for 5 weeks. After that, the body weight, visceral fat mass, liver and thymus weight, and the organ indexes in each group were measured. The levels of triglyceride(TG), total cholesterol(TC), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-c) in serum and liver tissue were detected by the kits. The mRNA expression levels of acetyl CoA carboxylase 1(ACC1), fatty acid synthetase(FAS), diacylgycerol acyltransferase 1(DGAT1) and hepatic lipase(HTGL) involved in lipid metabolism in mouse liver tissue were detected by quantitative real-time PCR(qPCR). The protein levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α) and interleukin-6(IL-6) in serum were detected by ELISA, and the mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in liver tissue were detected by qPCR. Compared with the control group, MSG and HFD mice showed increased body weight, abdominal circumference, Lee index and visceral fat mass as well as elevated levels of TG, TC, and LDL-c in serum. The model mice had up-regulated gene levels of ACC1, FAS and DGAT1 while down-regulated gene level of HTGL in the liver. Furthermore, the mRNA and protein levels of IL-6 increased in the model mice. Compared with the model mice, XQ treatment decreased the body weight, abdominal circumference, Lee index, and visceral fat mass, lowered the levels of TG, TC, and LDL-c in se-rum, down-regulated the gene levels of ACC1, FAS, and DGAT1 in liver tissue, up-regulated the gene level of HTGL, and down-regulated the mRNA and protein levels of IL-6. To sum up, XQ has good therapeutic effect on different obesity model mice. It can improve lipid metabolism and reduce fat accumulation in obese mice by regulating the enzymes involved in lipid metabolism, and alleviate obesity-related chronic low-grade inflammation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Inflammation/metabolism , Lipid Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Obese , Obesity/genetics
5.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 360-366, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936324

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the volatile constituents and their contents in the roots of 5 cultivated Angelica dahurica and one wild A. dahurica and analyze the chemical relationship among the plants of A. dahurica.@*METHODS@#The essential oil was extracted from the roots of 5 cultivated plants of Angelica dahurica and one wild A. dahurica by water steam distillation. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to separate and identify all the volatile oil components in the extracts, and their relative contents were calculated with area normalization method. We also conducted clustering analysis and principal component analysis of the volatile oil components.@*RESULTS@#We identified a total of 81 compounds from the roots of the 6 plants of Angelica dahurica, including 27 in Chuanbaizhi (Angelica dahurica cv. 'Hangbaizhi'), 34 in Hangbaizhi (Angelica dahurica cv. 'Hangbaizhi'), 24 in Qibaizhi (Angelica dahurica cv. 'Qibaizhi'), 32 in Yubaizhi (Angelica dahurica cv.'Qibaizhi'), 28 in Bobahizhi (Angelica dahurica cv.'Qibaizhi'), and 34 in Xinganbaizhi (Angelica dahuirca). These compounds included, in the order of their relative contents (from high to low), alkanes, olefins, esters, organic acids and alcohols. Among the common components found in the roots of all the plants of A. dahurica, nonylcyclopropane, cyclododecane and hexadecanoic acid were identified as the volatile oil components that showed the highest relative contents. Clustering analysis of the volatile oil components showed that wild Angelica dahurica (Xing'anbaizhi) and the 5 cultivated Angelica dahurica (Chuanbaizhi, Hangbaizhi, Qibaizhi, Yubaizhi, Bobaizhi) could be divided into two groups, and the cultivated Angelica dahurica could be divided into two subgroups: Chuanbaizhi, Yubaizhi and Hangbahizhi were clustered in one subgroup, and Qibaizhi and Bobaizhi in another. The results of principal component analysis was consistent with those of clustering analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#The main volatile oil components and their contents vary among the 6 plants of A. dahurica. Nonylcyclopropane, cyclododecane and hexadecanoic acid are the most abundant volatile oil components in all the plants of A. dahurica, which can be divided into two clusters.


Subject(s)
Angelica/chemistry , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Oils, Volatile/analysis , Palmitic Acid/analysis , Plant Roots/chemistry
6.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 589-594, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936261

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate whether pre-lingual deafness adult caused by inadequate auditory compensation in childhood can benefit from cochlear implants and the related influencing factors. Methods: A total of 26 prelingual deafness as experimental group [11 males and 15 females, the age of operation was (24.5±5.7) years] and 13 postlingual deafness as control group [5 males and 8 females, the age at the time of operation was (42.2±11.4) years] were recruited. Objective assessment included hearing threshold and speech recognition rate tests while wearing cochlear implants. Subjective assessment used Nijmegen Cochlear Implant Questionnaire to assess hearing-related quality of life of subjects. The changes of hearing ability in the prelingual deafness group before and after operation and the differences with the postlingual deafness group were compared, and the correlation between speech recognition ability and the age diagnosed as severe or profound deafness, the age of hearing aid invalid, and duration of wearing cochlear implant were analyzed as factor indicators. All statistical results were analyzed by SAS 9.4 software. Results: In terms of objective indicators, the speech recognition rate of pre-lingual deafness was significantly lower than that of post-lingual deafness [(35.4±28.0)% vs (80.9±8.0)%,t=7.67, P<0.001], while there was no statistical difference in hearing threshold between the two groups [(34.8±4.0) dB HL vs (33.1±3.7) dB HL, t=1.30, P>0.05]. The indicators in the subjective questionnaire showed that the prelingual deafness group was only weaker in advanced sound perception, confidence and total mean score than the post-lingual deafness group (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference in other aspects(P>0.05), meanwhile, all indicators of the prelingual deafness group were significantly improved compared with the preoperative level (P<0.001). There was a moderate positive correlation between the hearing quality and the speech recognition rate in the prelingual deafness group(r=0.51, P=0.008). The regression analysis showed that the invalid age of hearing aid was the exact influencing factor of speech recognition rate. Conclusions: Certain prelingual deaf adults can adapt to cochlear implants and obtain different degrees of auditory assistance. Compared with the improvement of objective auditory ability assessment, the patient who received cochlear implantation gain more improvement in auditory related quality of life subjectively. The ineffective age of preoperative hearing aid is an important factor, which needs to be aroused sufficient preoperative attention.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Cochlear Implantation/methods , Cochlear Implants , Deafness/rehabilitation , Quality of Life , Speech Perception
7.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 19-25, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881964

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To construct and verify the incidence prediction model of occupational coal workers′ pneumoconiosis(CWP) in coal mine workers exposed to dust(hereinafter referred to as ″dust exposure″) based on a multi-layer perceptron(MLP) neural network, and explore its application value in predicting CWP incidence. METHODS: A total of 17 023 dust exposed workers in a coal mining group in Hebei Province from 1970 to 2017 were selected as the research subjects by a typical sampling method. Among them, 839 patients were confirmed as CWP and 16 185 workers did not suffered from CWP. The MLP neural network model was established with the incidence of CWP as the target output variable, and the type of work, age, beginning year of dust exposure, observation year(i.e. incubation period) and cumulative dust exposure as the input variable. The receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive ability of the built model. The established model was used to predict the high-risk group and key monitoring group population of CWP in dust-exposed workers in the following 10 years. RESULTS: There were 44 synapses in the hidden layer of the established MLP neural network model. The area under ROC curve was 0.91. The accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the model were 92.7%, 74.8% and 93.6%, respectively. In the validation samples, the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity were 92.1%, 70.5% and 93.2%, respectively. The MLP neural network model was used to predict 1 534 workers with high risk of CWP in the following 10 years, and the individuals were located. The number of workers in need of actively monitored was 7 599. Among them, it is predicted that the incidence of CWP in different types of dust exposed workers in the following 10 years from high to low is tunneling worker, coal miner, mixing worker and auxiliary worker(P<0.01). The earlier the dust exposure began, the higher the risk of CWP(P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The MLP neural network model based on the type of work, age, beginning year of dust exposure, incubation period and cumulative dust exposure has a good performance in predicting the incidence of CWP in coal mine dust exposure workers, and can provide a reference for early preventive management measures to prevent and cure CWP.

8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1102-1107, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941407

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the current status of clinical treatment and factors influencing postoperative mortality in infants with critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) in China, optimize the perioperative management of CCHD, and provide a new scientific basis for clinical decision-making for the optimal management of these patients. Methods: This is a retrospective single-center study. Infants diagnosed with CCHD in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from January 2017 to December 2019 (aged 0-1 years at admission) were enrolled. General clinical information, inpatient treatment information, prognosis and complications were collected and analyzed. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to explore the independent risk factors of postoperative death in infants with CCHD. Results: A total of 826 infants with CCHD were included, including 556 males (67.3%) and the age at first admission was 51.0 (5.0,178.3) days. 264 (32.0%) cases were tetralogy of Fallot and 137 (16.6%) cases were total anomalous pulmonary venous return. 195 cases (23.6%) were diagnosed prenatally. 196 cases (23.7%) were treated with prostaglandin. The preoperative invasive ventilation time was 0 (0, 0) hour, and the postoperative invasive ventilation time was 95.0 (26.0, 151.8) hours. A total of 668 cases (80.9%) underwent surgical treatment. The age was 100.5 (20.0, 218.0) days during operation and the operation time was 190.0 (155.0, 240.0) hours. Sixty-two cases (7.5%) received medical treatment, and 96 cases (11.6%) gave up treatment. A total of 675 cases (81.7%) were discharged with improvement, 96 cases (11.6%) were discharged after giving up treatment, 55 cases (6.7%) died and 109 cases (13.2%) were readmitted within one year. Complications occurred in 565 (68.6%) cases, including pneumonia in 334 cases (40.4%) and cardiac arrhythmias in 182 cases (22.0%). Multifactorial analysis showed that delayed chest closure (OR=49.775, 95%CI 3.291-752.922, P=0.005), prolonged post-operative invasive ventilator ventilation (OR=1.003, 95%CI 1.000-1.005, P=0.038) and cardiac hypoplasia syndrome (OR=272.658, 95%CI 37.861-1 963.589, P<0.001) were the independent risk factors for mortality in CCHD infants post-operation. Conclusions: Tetralogy of Fallot and total anomalous pulmonary venous return account for the majority of infants with CCHD. The proportion of infants diagnosed prenatally was less than 1/4. The majority CCHD infants received surgical treatment. The main complications are pneumonia and arrhythmia. Delayed chest closure, prolonged postoperative invasive ventilator ventilation and low cardiac output syndrome are the independent risk factors for postoperative death in infants with CCHD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Male , China/epidemiology , Heart Defects, Congenital/therapy , Hospitalization , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
9.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 143-152, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923226

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of serum Apelin level, silicosis stage and lung function in patients with occupational silicosis(hereinafter referred to as silicosis). METHODS: A case-control study was conducted. A total of 85 patients with silicosis were selected as the silicosis group(44, 28 and 13 patients with stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ silicosis, respectively), and 120 healthy individuals without occupational hazard exposure were selected as the control group. Serum samples were collected from the cases of the two groups and the level of Apelin was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The pulmonary function of the silicosis group was examined. RESULTS: The median and the 25 th and 75 th percentiles \[M(P_(25),P_(75))\] of serum Apelin levels in the control group and silicosis group were 1.29(0.92, 1.77) and 0.80(0.62, 1.04) mg/L, respectively. The level of serum Apelin M(P_(25),P_(75)) in stage Ⅰ, Ⅱ and Ⅲ silicosis patients was 1.03(0.82, 1.31), 0.66(0.60, 0.80) and 0.50(0.30, 0.65) mg/L, respectively. The results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the level of serum Apelin in the silicosis group was higher than that in the control group after excluding the influence of age and smoking(P<0.01). The level of serum Apelin decreased with the increase of silicosis stage in the silicosis group(P<0.001). Serum Apelin level in silicosis group was positively correlated with lung vital capacity, forced vital capacity, forced expiratory volume in the first second, and forced expiratory flow between 25% and 75%(all P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The lower level of serum Apein in silicosis patients, the more serious the disease and the more serious the damage to lung function. Apelin is of significance in the diagnosis, staging, treatment appraisal and prognostic evaluation of silicosis, and it can be use as a potential therapeutic target for silicosis.

10.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 340-346, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923175

ABSTRACT

Silica dust is one of the main occupational hazards in various industries. In addition to causing occupational silicosis, silica dust can also stimulate innate and acquired immunity and induce autoimmune diseases(AID) such as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic sclerosis, and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody(ANCA)-associated vasculitis. Silica dust exposure can induce changes in the levels of autoantibodies in vivo, such as rheumatoid factor, antinuclear antibody, ANCA, anti-centromere antibody, anti-topoisomerase Ⅰ antibody, anti-desmoglein antibody, anti-centromere antigens-B antibody, anti-carbamylated protein antibody, anti-smooth muscle antibody and anti-glomerular basement membrane antibody. At present, the mechanism of autoimmune disorders induced by silica dust has not yet been fully elucidated. The current research suggests that it is related to cell apoptosis of alveolar macrophages, the disorder of the Fas/Fas ligand system, the imbalance of T cell proportion, and the dysregulation of T helper cell(Th) 1 and Th2 type cytokines homeostasis. Understanding the pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders induced by silica dust and exploring possible therapeutic targets will provide new ideas for the treatment of silicosis.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2842-2846, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828076

ABSTRACT

Aceria pallida is one of the most common pests in the main production areas of Lycium barbarum in China. The mite mainly feeds on foliage, leading to local tissue deformation and formation of massive galls, which seriously affects the growth and yield of L. barbarum. However, little is known about the influence of galling organisms on plant primary and secondary metabolism. In order to compare the metabolites differences between healthy and the mite infested leaves of wolfberry, and provide a scientific basis for the development and utilization of the galled leaves, L. barbarum seedlings were infested with A. pallida artificially in the laboratory, the metabolites of L. barbarum leaves were determined by LC-MS/MS. Our results showed that the leaves were rich in amino acids and flavonoid compounds. A total of 204 compounds from 16 classes were detected in L. barbarum leaves based on LC-MS/MS. The primary metabolites are mainly amino acids, and the secondary metabolites are mainly organic acids and flavonoids. The content of the metabolite in the leaves of L. barbarum was significantly affected by the mite, 30 metabolites such as flavonoids and phenylpropanoids were significantly changed, 21 metabolites were up-regulated and 9 metabolites were down-regulated significantly. There were 8 compounds which has pharmacological and biological activity, such as eriodictyol, isorhamnetin-3-O-neohesperidoside and scopoletin up-regulated significantly. Based on the above findings, we suggest that the galled leaves of L.barbarum have a potential to be developed in the future.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Lycium , Metabolomics , Plant Leaves , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 9-16, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781613

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The effects of keto acid (KA) supplements on Chinese patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) are unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of KA supplementation on nutritional status, inflammatory markers, and bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) parameters in a cohort of Chinese patients with MHD without malnutrition.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective, randomized, controlled, single-center clinical study conducted in 2011 till 2014. Twenty-nine patients with MHD were randomly assigned to a control (n = 14) or a KA (n = 15) group. The control group maintained a dietary protein intake of 0.9 g/kg/day. The KA group received additional KA supplement (0.1 g/kg/day). BIA was used to determine the lean tissue mass, adipose tissue mass, and body cell mass. The patients' nutritional status, dialysis adequacy, and biochemical parameters were assessed at the ends of the third and sixth months with t test or Wilcoxon rank-sum test.@*RESULTS@#The daily total energy intake for both groups was about 28 kcal/kg/day. After 6 months, the Kt/V (where K is the dialyzer clearance of urea, t is the dialysis time, and V is the volume of the distribution of urea) was 1.33 ± 0.25 in KA group, and 1.34 ± 0.25 in the control group. The median triceps skin-fold thickness in KA group was 12.00 and 9.00 mm in the control group. In addition, the median hand-grip strength in KA group was 21.10 and 25.65 kg in the control group. There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to the anthropometry parameters, dialysis adequacy, serum calcium and phosphorus levels, inflammatory markers, and amino-acid profiles, or in relation to the parameters determined by BIA. Both groups achieved dialysis adequacy and maintained nutritional status during the study.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this cohort of Chinese patients with MHD, the patients in the control group whose dietary protein intake was 0.9 g/kg/day and total energy intake was 28 kcal/kg/day, maintained well nutritional status during study period. The KA supplement (0.1 g/kg/day) did not improve the essential amino acid/non-essential amino acid ratio, nor did it change the patients' mineral metabolism, inflammatory parameters, or body compositions.

13.
Chinese Journal of Practical Internal Medicine ; (12): 746-750, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816093

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary function testing(PFT) is an appropriate technique for comprehensive prevention and control of chronic airway diseases. In 2015, the National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Diseases launched the national standardized training and assessment programme on clinical application and quality control of PFT. There are four steps for the overall programme. The first step is to establish the standard and outline of standardized training for PFT. The second step is to carry out standardized training based on the established standard and outline. The third step is to conduct post-training assessment, evaluate the training effect, and certify the trainees who master the training content. The last step is to carry out quality control in those who have obtained the certification,and evaluate the application of training content in clinical practice. With the progress of the programme, clinicians' awareness of the importance of PFT will be increased, physicians' and techinicians' operate on skills and clinical application abilities of PFT will be promoted, while the qualities of PFT in China will be improved. It will be of great significance to the construction of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine(PCCM).

14.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 673-678, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the literature regarding wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy by data mining technology, and the dominant diseases of wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy were summarized to provide reference for evaluation of specificity effect of wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy.@*METHODS@#The journal articles regarding wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy from the CNKI, WANFANG, and VIP since January 1, 1975 to December 31, 2017, and the medical cases regarding wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy in - and were retrieved. Based on the disease types of wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy in the journal articles and medical cases, the association rules method of data mining technology was applied to calculate frequent itemsets. The self-developed database platform for wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy was used to extract and summarize the information to explore the rules of clinical application.@*RESULTS@#The scope of disease involved a total of 7 disease entities in the literature regarding wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy. In the journal articles, there were 83 disease types and the most common surgical diseases were soft tissue injury and periarthritis of shoulder, the frequency were 34 and 24 times respectively. The total effective rates of wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy were 92.74% in internal medicine, 91.39% in surgery, 91.51% in gynecology, 90.88% in dermatology, 96.20% in pediatric, 89.05% in ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology and 88.78% in psychiatry. In the medical cases of wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy, there were 118 disease types and the most common diseases were pain and syndrome, herpes zoster was also a common disease. Psychiatric diseases used more wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy, and the common diseases were anxiety and mania.@*CONCLUSION@#Wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy is widely used in treatment of clinical diseases and has significant therapeutic effects. It is mostly used in the treatment of surgery, internal medicine (neurology particularly), dermatology (herpes zoster particularly). Besides, the wrist-ankle acupuncture therapy is also applicable in the treatment of diseases of ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology, gynecology, pediatric and psychiatry.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Ankle , Ankle Joint , Data Mining , Wrist
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2208-2212, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773107

ABSTRACT

To identify the wolfberry gall mite species and their overwintering situation in different wolfberry production areas and to provide a scientific basis for their prevention and control. We investigate the phoresy overwintering situation of gall mite, and identify the species of gall mite. Our results showed that the phoretic gall mite was Aceria pallida in all the production areas. The phoresy of gall mite was a common occurrence in different production areas, and the phoresy probability was above 75%. The phoretic behavior of wolfberry gall mite occurred commonly in the other production areas. The control of this mite in different production areas should pay attention to their phoretic behavior.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lycium , Parasitology , Mites , Classification , Seasons
16.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 150-154, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-734332

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the image quality and radiation dose of coronary computed tomography argiograply(CCTA) with wide-body detector CT in single cardiac cycle with different heart rate.Methods A total of 821 patients with clinically suspected coronary artery lesions were performed CCTA examination continuously.They were divided into six groups:group A (<65 bpm) with 132 cases,group B (66-75 bpm) with 244 cases,group C (76-85 bpm) with 145 cases,group D (86-95 bpm) with 101 cases,group E (96-105 bpm) with 101 cases and group F (106-135 bpm) with 98 cases.The CT values of the aorta root and the middle segment of LAD and RCA,the signal to noise ratios (SNRs),the contrast noise ratios (CNRs),the effective doses (E),the diagnostic rates and scores were compared among six groups of CCTA images.Results There was no significant difference in objective quality between the six groups (P>0.05).There was no significant difference in the diagnostic rates of LAD,LCX and RCA (all P>0.05).However,there were significant differences in LAD,LCX and RCA with 4 points (excellent) among the six groups (x2 =27.614,58.475,39.571,P < 0.05).There were significant differences in radiation dose among the 6 groups (F=37.32,P<0.05).The radiation dose of group B was highest,and that of group D,group E and group F was the lowest.Conclusions The CCTA images with wide-body detector CT in single heart cycle with different heart rate can meet the clinical diagnostic requirements,but image quality declined with heart rate increasing.The higher heart rate groups (heart rate > 85 beats/min) had lower radiation doses.

17.
Chinese Journal of Infection Control ; (4): 253-256, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744341

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the cleaning quality of different cleaning methods for laparoscopic instruments, ensure the cleaning quality of instruments.Methods The used laparoscopic instruments were classified into two categories: non-lumen instruments and lumen instruments. Three cleaning methods, traditional manual cleaning (A), manual cleaning + ultrasonic cleaning (B), manual cleaning + automatic cleaning disinfector (C), were adopted respectively for treating instruments. Cleaning quality of instruments were detected with ATP bioluminescence assay.Results The qualified rates of laparoscopic non-lumen instruments cleaned by methods A, B, and C were 78.75%, 95.71%, and 96.00% respectively, difference was significant (χ2=16.453, P<0.001);qualified rate of methods B and C for cleaning non-lumen instruments was higher than that of method A (P<0.016), there was no significant difference between methods B and C (P>0.016). Qualified rates of laparoscopic lumen instruments cleaned by methods A, B, and C were 76.47%, 98.75%, and 91.55% respectively, difference was significant (χ2=21.087, P<0.001); qualified rates of methods B and C for cleaning lumen instruments were both higher than that of method A (P<0.016), there was no significant difference between methods B and C (P>0.016). Conclusion Effect of manual cleaning + ultrasonic cleaning and manual cleaning + automatic cleaning disinfector on used laparoscopic instruments are both better than that of traditional manual cleaning method, can effectively guarantee the cleaning quality of instruments and help to ensure the operation safety of patients.

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Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1055-1060, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-701239

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of Chinese traditional medicine-selected recipe Q0409 on the ability of learning and memory in SAM-P/8 mice. METHODS:Total 91 mice (4-month-old SAM-P/8 mice, SAM-R/1 mice and Kunming mice) were used in the study, in which the male and female animals were labeled separately. According to the performance of Morris water maze test, the mice were divided into 5 groups randomly. The mice were fed with different drugs or distilled water for 60 d (from 4 months to 6 months). The mice were fed with the drugs from 61 d to 65 d, and 1 h later each time, the Morris water maze test was carried out. After this Morris test were finished at 65 d, the mice were killed immediately and their hippocampal tissues were isolated. Half of the hippocampal tissues were added with precooled normal saline and made into 10% (g/mL) homogenate for detecting the protein content and acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) activity. The other half was fixed with 4% paraformaldehyde and embedded with paraffin for immunohistochemical staining of amyloid β-protein (Aβ). RESULTS:Compared with model group, the results of navigation training and spatial probe training in Morris water maze test were significantly improved (P<0.05), and the activity of AChE in the hippocampal ho-mogenate was significantly decreased (P<0.05) in Q0409 treatment group. No difference in Q0409 group was observed compared with control group and positive drug (huperzine A) group. Immunohistochemical staining showed no typical "se-nile plaques" in the male mice of Q0409 group, while there was shallower and smaller brown staining in the hippocampus of the female mice of Q0409 group. The positive area of Aβ deposition decreased in the CA1 area of hippocampal tissues in Q0409 group. These results were similar to those in positive drug group. CONCLUSION:Q0409 improves the ability of learning and memory in SAM-P/8 mice, which is related to the inhibition of AChE activity and the reduction of Aβ protein deposition in the hippocampus. The effects is similar to those of huperzine A.

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Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 1004-1007, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696544

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the accuracy,image quality and effective dose (ED)of the whole-heart CT scanner in infants with congenital heart disease.Methods Totally 86 consecutive pediatric patients younger than 2 years old with congenital heart disease were enrolled.They were divided into 2 groups:whole-heart CT scanner with low dose group,43 patients(28 males,15 females,aged 12 d -19 months)underwent CT acquisition by using the whole-heart CT,and the other 43 patients(23 males,20 females,aged 19 d-16 months)examined with volume helical shuttle (VHS)of high definition CT were assigned as VHS group.With surgical results as the standard,the sensitivity, specificity,positive predictive value (PPV),negative predictive value (NPV)and the diagnostic accuracy of the 2 groups for cardiovascular abnormalities were evaluated.Attenuation and noise of 2 groups of ascending aorta,main pul-monary artery,and muscle were measured,and the signal -to -noise ratio (SNR)and contrast -to - noise ratio (CNR)were calculated.The double blind method was used to evaluate the subjective image quality of the level of intra-cardiac,extra-cardiac and coronary artery.Both the volumetric CT dose index (CTDIvol)and dose-length product(DLP)of each child were recorded,and the ED was also estimated in both groups.Results By using surgical findings as the reference standard,a total of 124 and 113 separate cardiovascular anomalies were confirmed by the whole-heart CT scanner in the low dose group and the VHS group.The diagnostic accuracy in 2 groups was 99.2%and 98.8%,respectively,without significant difference(χ2=0.035,P=0.852).The sensitivity,specificity,PPV and NPV in 2 groups were 97.8%,99.7%,98.4%,99.6% and 95.2%,99.3%,98.2%,98.7%,respectively.No signifi-cant difference was found in the attenuation,image noise,SNR,and CNR between 2 groups in the same anatomic regions (all P>0. 05).No significant difference was found in subjective image quality between 2 groups on the intra-cardiac and extra-cardiac structure(all P>0.05).But the subjective image quality of coronary artery was significantly higher in whole-heart CT scanner in the low dose group than that of the VHS group(4.02 ± 0.91 vs.2.79 ± 0.74),and the differ-ence was significant(Z= -5.562,P=0.000).ED was (0.59 ± 0.31)mSv in whole-heart CT scanner in the low dose group and (2.28 ± 1.07)mSv in the VHS group,reflecting dose savings of 74% by using the whole-heart CT scanner with high temporal resolution,and the difference was significant(t= -11.285,P=0.000).Conclusions The whole-heart CT scanner with low dose can improve image quality with lower ED,especially for the image quality of coronary artery,which is an effective examination method for the diagnosis of congenital heart disease of children, especially for complex congenital heart disease.

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Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 626-630, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708103

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the image quality and radiation dose of the wider detector array CT scanner with low dose scanning mode in young children with congenital heart disease.Methods Totally 100 consecutive pediatric patients younger than 3 years with congenital heart disease were enrolled.They were divided into two groups.The low dose group with fifty patients underwent axial CT scanning with ECG gating,and the control group with fifty patients were scanned with volume helical shuttle (VHS) technique.CT number and noise of two groups images at the level of ascending aorta,main pulmonary artery,left ventricle,descending aorta and adjacent muscle were measured,and the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were calculated.The double blind method was used to evaluate subjective image quality of the level of intra-cardiac,extra-cardiac and coronary artery.Effective dose was also calculated for both groups.Results No significant difference was found in the CT number,image noise,SNR,and CNR between the two groups in the same anatomic regions (P > 0.05).No significant difference was found in subjective image quality between the two groups for the intra-cardiac and extra-cardiac structure(P >0.05).The subjective image quality of coronary artery was significant higher in low dose group than the control group(4.10 ± 0.90 vs.2.88 ± 0.82,Z =-5.818,P < 0.05).Effective dose was (0.57 ± 0.30)mSv in group A and (2.39 ± 1.15)mSv in group B with dose savings of 76% (t =-11.642,P < 0.05).Conclusions The wider detector array CT scanner with low dose scanning mode can improve image quality with lower radiation dose.

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