Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 787
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912331

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the experience and early outcomes of transapical mitral valve-in-valve procedure with J-Valve in patients with bioprostheses degeneration.Methods:The clinical data of 29 patients who underwent mitral transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation with J-Valve from April 2020 to March 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were male 16 and female 13 patients with average age (72.0±11.6) years. Patients underwent previous mitral valve replacement with bioprostheses of Hancock Ⅱ in 17, Edwards SAV in 7, Edwards Perimount in 3, Balmedic in 1, Mosaic in 1. The size of mitral bioprostheses included 25 # for 8 patients, 27 # for 17 patients, and 29 # for other 4 patients. The operations were performed in the hybrid operation room. Under X-ray fluoroscopy and TEE monitoring, the retro-preseted J-valve was implanted into the mitral bioprosthetic valve via the intercostal space and apical puncture. Results:One patient was converted urgently to mediate sternotomy, and the transcatheter mitral valve was reset after opening left atrium on cardiopulmonary bypass due to the migration of transcatheter valve. twenty eight patients were successfully completed transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve procedure with technical success achieving in 96.6% . Among the 28 patients who successfully were completed valve-in-valve procedure, 1 died and 27 were discharged in well condition. The mean mitral transvalvular gradient was (7.6±2.2)mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), no death or other major complications occurred during the follow-up.Conclusion:The application of J-Valve interventional valve in patients with bioprosthesis degeneration can achieve favourable early outcomes, even if the patient was replaced with a small bioprosthesis in the previous operation, the hemodynamic effect was still satisfactory.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912295

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the effect of preoperative renal function classification on early outcomes for patients with acute type A aortic dissection(AAAD) and to estimate the risk factors of postoperative major adverse events.Methods:From January 2012 to December 2019, 226 patients with AAAD who underwent total arch replacement at our institution were retrospectively analysed, including 146 males and 80 females, aged(54.4±12.5) years old. Stages of preoperative renal function were defined as follows: Normal[estimated glomerular ltration rate(eGFR)≥90 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, 68 cases], Mild(eGFR 60-89 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, 73 cases); Moderate(eGFR 30-59 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, 57 cases), Severe(eGFR<30 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, 28 cases). The independent risk factors for postoperative death were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to assess the efficiency of eGFR for predicting the postoperative hemodialysis. Results:In-hospital death occurred in 24(10.6%) cases. Major complications included postoperative hemodialysis in 49(21.7%) cases, stroke in 19(8.4%) cases and tracheotomy in 15(6.6%) cases. The best cut-off value of the eGFR for predicting postoperative hemodialysis was 36.5 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2(area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.793). The following variables were found to be risk factors of in-hospital mortality in multivariate logistic regression analysis: serum creatinine, eGFR<30 ml·min -1·1.73 m -2, neural malperfusion, bowel malperfusion, postoperative stroke and hemodialysis. Conclusion:Total arch replacement can be safely performed in patients with AAAD and mild renal dysfunction. Preoperative renal dysfunction is a risk factor for postoperative hemodialysis, and eGFR is useful for predicting the requirement for hemodialysis after total arch replacement. The severity of preoperative renal dysfunction could greatly influence the outcomes after total arch replacement for AAAD. More importance should be attached to the assessment of preoperative renal function during clinical risk assessment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 512-516, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the removal of ALTPF pedicled with the lateral branch of the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery and its application in wound repair.Methods:From January, 2019 to March, 2021, 32 cases of limb wounds were repaired with ALTPF pedicled with the lateral branch of the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery, including 25 males and 7 females. The age ranged from 21 to 63 years, with an average of 34 years. Injury mechanism: there were 12 cases of traffic accident injury, 8 cases of machine injury, 6 cases of heavy object crushing injury and 6 cases of chronic infectious wound. The area of soft tissue defect was 8.2 cm × 6.3 cm-18.6 cm × 11.2 cm. There were 25 cases of direct suture and 7 cases of free skin grafting. All patients who needed flap repair underwent CTA and high-frequency CDU before operation to judge the approximate direction of the lateral branch of the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery and the position of the perforating branch. All patients were followed-up regularly for 3 - 13 months, with an average of 11 months.Results:All patients who underwent free flap surgery had no vascular crisis and the flap survived smoothly. At the last follow-up, the appearance of the flap was beautiful without bloating and there were no complications in the donor area.Conclusion:Compared with the traditional ALTPF, the perforator flap of the lateral branch of the descending branch of the anterolateral femoral artery is relatively simple, which can replace the traditional ALTPF to a certain extent, and is worthy of popularization and application in clinic.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the median effective dose (ED 50) and the 95% effective dose (ED 95) of remifentanil inhibiting responses to endotracheal intubation without neuromuscular relaxant when combined with dexmedetomidine in patients undergoing thyroid surgery. Methods:American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients of either sex, aged 18-64 yr, with body mass index of 18-28 kg/m 2, scheduled for elective thyroid surgery under intraoperative neuromonitoring, were enrolled in this study.Dexmedetomidine was intravenously injected in a loading dose of 0.8 μg/kg at 10 min before anesthesia induction.Anesthesia was induced by intravenously injecting midazolam 0.1 mg/kg, etomidate 0.4 mg/kg and the preset dose of remifentanil.The dose of remifentanil was determined using up-and-down sequential method.The initial dose was set at 3.7 μg/kg.The dose of remifentanil in the next case was determined according to whether responses to endotracheal intubation occurred, and the ratio between the two successive doses was 1.1.The ED 50, ED 95 and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated by Probit analysis. Results:when combined with dexmedetomidine for anesthesia induction, the ED 50 (95% CI) of remifentanil inhibiting responses to endotracheal intubation without neuromuscular relaxant was 3.39 (3.29-3.50) μg/kg, and the ED 95 (95% CI) was 3.52 (3.48-3.64) μg/kg. Conclusion:when combined with dexmedetomidine, the ED 50 of remifentanil inhibiting responses to endotracheal intubation without neuromuscular relaxant is 3.39 μg/kg, and the ED 95 is 3.52 μg/kg.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1112-1118, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909984

ABSTRACT

Objective:To systematically compare the prognosis in non-compressible torso hemorrhage(NCTH)treated by resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta(REBOA)and resuscitation thoracotomy(RT).Methods:Data were searched form MEDLINE, EMBASE, PubMed, WanFang, CNKI and VIP databases to collect studies on the prognosis of patients with NCTH undergone REBOA and RT from inception to December 2020. Two reviewers independently screened studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria, extracted data and evaluated the quality of the included studies. The Meta-analysis was performed using Revman 5.3. The patients were divided into REBOA group and RT group according to the different surgical treatment methods on admission, and the prognosis of each group was evaluated. The difference of mortality rate, reoperation rate of laparotomy after operation, reoperation rate of embolization after operation and mortality rate in different operating room area were compared between the two groups. Publication bias was assessed using the Egger test.Results:A total of 2 prospective studies and 4 retrospective studies involving 2, 588 subjects were included. There were 1, 591 patients in REBOA group and 997 patients in RT group. Significant differences were observed in the mortality rate( I2=68%, OR=0.33, 95% CI 0.26-0.42, P<0.01), reoperation rate of laparotomy after operation( I2=76%, OR=1.41, 95% CI 1.11-1.77, P<0.01)and reoperation rate of embolization after operation( I2=84%, OR=0.76, 95% CI 0.59-0.99, P<0.05)between REBOA group and RT group. Subgroup analysis showed that the mortality rate in the ICU were not statistically different between the two groups( I2=83%, OR=0.69, 95% CI 0.45-1.05, P>0.05), but the mortality rate in the emergency room was lower in REBOA group than that in RT group( I2=94%, OR=0.52, 95% CI 0.38-0.70, P<0.01). Egger test showed that publication bias had little effect on the results. Conclusions:For patients with NCTH, REBOA can reduce the mortality rate and reoperation rate of embolization after operation, but increase the reoperation rate of laparotomy after operation when compared with RT. In addition, the emergency room may be a more suitable operationg room area for REBOA.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909493

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of the incidence of arrhythmia and the prediction of baseline ventricular late potential in patients with first depression episode.Methods:The cohort study was used to observe the relationship between the baseline status of ventricular late potential, the severity of baseline depression symptoms, the extent of remission of depressive symptoms within the treatment duration and arrhythmia incidence in the 3 years progress. For the assessment of the severity of depression symptoms, 17 version of Hamilton depression scale was used to evaluate the baseline ventricular late potential, and DMS lab3.0 ECG platform late potential analysis system was used to determine the assessment (CardioScan 12 NET version). The first depression patients with positive ventricular late potential were followed up for 3 years. The changes of the severity of ventricular late potential and depression symptoms were investigated, and the correlation with the subsequent course of arrhythmia was investigated.SPSS 20.0 software package was used for statistical distraction, chi square test was used for count data, independent samples t test was used for normal distribution measurement data, Mann-Whitney U test was used for non-normal distribution count data, and logistic regression method was used to calculate relative risk( RR). Results:According to the 3-year follow-up of 400 first-episode depression patients, 22.25% (89/400) had malignant arrhythmia. The incidence of malignant arrhythmia was 39.46% (58/147) in ventricular late potential positive group and 12.25% (31/253) in ventricular late potential negative group, and the difference was statistically significant(χ 2=9.578, P<0.01). Logistic regression analysis showed that positive ventricular late potential at baseline (compared with negative ventricular late potential at baseline, RR=10.78, 95% CI=8.34-13.80), having a family history of arrhythmia (compared with no family history of arrhythmia, RR=5.23, 95% CI=2.41-9.85), had a higher severity of depression at baseline (compared with lower severity of depression at baseline, RR=1.73, 95% CI=1.25-2.85), poor first-time efficacy and more repeated hospitalizations (compared with good first-time efficacy and less hospitalizations, RR=1.11, 95% CI=1.04-1.17), and age of onset< 20 (compared with age of onset≥20, RR=1.07, 95% CI=1.02-1.93) were the risk factors of malignant arrhythmia in patients with first-episode depression(all P<0.05). Conclusion:The incidence of arrhythmia is very high in those patients with baseline positive late ventricular potential. Positive late ventricular potential, family history of arrhythmia, younger onset age and poor therapeutic effect were the relative risk of arrhythmia in the patients with depression.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909491

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate EEG biofeedback therapy on clinical efficacy of children with different subtypes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) using the integrated visual and auditory integration continuous performance test (IVA-CPT).Methods:Children with ADHD who completed more than 60 times of EEG biofeedback training in Hangzhou Seventh People's Hospital from July 2018 to September 2020 were selected as the research subjects. According to the results of IAV-CPT before treatment, all the children were divided into three subtypes: attention deficit type ( n=21), impulse hyperactivity type ( n=11), and mixed type ( n=30). The differences of symptom improvement between the three subtypes before and after training were compared by SPSS 23.0 software. Results:(1) In terms of response control (a total of 9 items), there was no statistical significance in the attention deficit group before and after treatment (all P>0.05). In the hyperactivity group, the scores of visual and auditory response control, full scale response control, auditory prudence and auditory consistency, visual focus quotient and visual consistency before treatment were significantly lower than those after treatment(all P<0.05). In the mixed group, the scores of visual and auditory response control, full scale response control, auditory prudence, visual consistency, and visual prudence before treatment were significantly lower than those after treatment(all P<0.05). In terms of attention (a total of 9 items), the scores of auditory vigilance, auditory attention, visual attention, full scale attention, visual vigilance and visual speed in the attention deficit group before treatment were significantly lower than those after treatment(all P<0.05). The scores of visual attention, full scale attention, visual focus quotient (all P<0.01), auditory attention and visual speed (all P<0.05) in hyperactivity group before treatment were significantly lower than those after treatment. In the mixed group, the scores of the other 8 items before treatment were significantly lower than those after treatment (all P<0.01, auditory focus quotient were P<0.05), except that the auditory speed had no statistical significance before and after treatment.(2)After EEG biofeedback training, the changes of IVA-CPT scores of the three groups before and after treatment(visual response control (-2.76±24.39), (19.55±19.94), (12.93±25.30), F=3.932, P=0.025), (full scale response control (2.38±20.77), (21.27±15.86), (15.43±25.69), F=3.158, P=0.050), (full scale attention (18.43±27.44), (11.36±11.40), (26.23±18.41), F=4.692, P=0.016), (auditory vigilance (20.23±42.65), (6.55±10.20), (33.63±36.30), F=7.160, P=0.002), (visual vigilance (19.48±28.55), (5.27±10.62), (33.27±28.26), F=10.876, P<0.001), (visual focus quotient (-2.24±23.67), (14.45±13.79), (12.83±21.91), F=3.669, P=0.031) were statistically significant. After LSD comparison, the changes of visual control and total control scores in the attention deficit group before and after treatment were significantly lower than those in the impulse hyperactivity group (all P<0.05) and the mixed group (all P<0.05). In the three items of total attention score, auditory vigilance and visual vigilance, the changes of impulsivity hyperactivity group before and after treatment were significantly lower than those of mixed group ( P=0.050, P<0.05, P<0.01, respectively). The changes of visual attention quotient in the attention deficit group before and after treatment were significantly lower than those in the impulse hyperactivity group and the mixed group (all P<0.05). Conclusion:EEG biofeedback has clinical efficacy in the three groups of subtypes of ADHD, but the efficacy is different, and individualized EEG training programs should be developed for different subtypes of children on the basis of standard TBR therapy protocol.

8.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1903-1906, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907089

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the association between factors affecting language development and Chinese dyslexia, providing scientific evidence for prevention and intervention of dyslexia.@*Methods@#Twelve elementary schools were selected in Baoan, Shenzhen. The parents and head teachers of 12 868 children in grade 3-5 were surveyed by the Questionnaire for Children s Reading Ability, the Dyslexia Checklist for Chinese Children and the Pupil Rating Scale Revised Screening for Learning Disabilities.@*Results@#The prevalence rate of dyslexia was 2.71%, with 349 children suffering from dyslexia. Gender, parental education and occupations, family income, whether parents work away from home before their child was 3 years old, average time mother spends with her child daily and number of languages spoken in family had statistical significance on dyslexia(all P <0.05). After adjusting for parental education and occupations, and family income, the children who spent more than 1 hour with their mothers per day had a significantly reduced risk of dyslexia (1-2: OR =0.46; 3-4: OR =0.45; 5-6: OR =0.40; >7 h: OR =0.36, P <0.05); the children living in families where two languages were used for communication had a significantly reduced risk of dyslexia( OR=0.74, 95%CI=0.57-0.96, P =0.02). Children with a history of language development disorders had a significantly increased risk of dyslexia( OR=17.30, 95%CI=7.86-38.09, P <0.01).@*Conclusion@#Increase of time mother spend with their child daily and paying more attention to the children with a history of language development disorders can help to prevent the occurrence of dyslexia.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906485

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy of Qingre Lishi prescription in treating children with acute bacterial lower urinary tract infection of bladder damp-heat syndrome, and to explore its mechanism of action. Method:Eighty children with acute bacterial lower urinary tract infection of late bladder damp-heat syndrome who were admitted to the Affiliated Hospital of Changchun University of Chinese Medicine were divided into control group and observation group, 40 cases in each group. Patients in control group were given Bazhengsan for oral treatment on basis of basic treatment, while patients in observation group were given Qingre Lishi prescription for oral administration plus external washing treatment. After two weeks of treatment, the clinical and etiological effect, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome scores, antipyretic time and urinary negative time, adverse reactions, and urine pathogens (<italic>Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Strange proteus, Klebsiella pneumoniae</italic>), serum inflammatory factor indicators [tumor necrosis factor-<italic>α</italic> (TNF-<italic>α</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-8 (IL-8), calcium lowering PCT, white blood cell count (WBC) and serum C-reactive protein (CRP)], immune function indicators [T cell subsets (CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>, CD8<sup>+</sup>) and complement (C3, C4)] were comapred between two groups. Result:The clinical efficacy of observation group was 92.50% (37/40), which was significantly higher than 65.00% (26/40) in control group (<italic>χ<sup>2</sup></italic>=9.038, <italic>P</italic><0.01), the etiological efficacy of observation group was 87.50% (35/40), which was significantly higher than 60.00% (24/40) in control group (<italic>χ<sup>2</sup></italic>=7.813, <italic>P</italic><0.01). After treatment, the scores of TCM syndromes of the two groups were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The scores of fever, frequent urination, urgent urination, painful urination, difficulty urinating and abdominal pain in two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the TCM syndrome scores in observation group were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the antipyretic time and urinary bacteria turning negative time of observation group were significantly lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the <italic>Escherichia coli, Enterococcus faecalis, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella pneumoniae</italic> pathogenic bacteria detected in both groups were both significantly lower than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05). After treatment, the levels of inflammatory factors such as TNF-<italic>α</italic>, IL-6, IL-8, PCT, WBC and CRP in two groups were significantly lower than those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05), the immune function of the two groups was significantly improved, and the levels of CD3<sup>+</sup>, CD4<sup>+</sup>, C3, and C4 in observation group were higher than those in control group(<italic>P</italic><0.05), and the CD8<sup>+</sup> level was lower than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The incidence of adverse reactions had no significant difference between two groups. Conclusion:Qingre Lishi prescription has good clinical effect in treating children with acute bacterial lower urinary tract infection with bladder damp-heat syndrome. It can improve TCM syndromes and clinical symptoms. Its mechanism is related to inhibiting pathogenic bacteria, reducing inflammation, and improving immune function, and it has good security.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906075

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the anti-anxious depression mechanism of Baihe Dihuangtang from the NOD-like receptor thermal protein domain 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome. Method:Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, venlafaxine group (13.5 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>), Baihe Dihuangtang high and low dose group (16,4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), with 10 rats in each group. Chronic restraint stress for 28 days (6 h) combined with subcutaneous injection of corticosterone (30 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) was used to establish induce an anxious depression model. From the 8th day of modeling, the rats in the normal group and the model group received distilled water, and those in groups with drug intervention were treated with corresponding drugs by gavage for 21 days. Elevated plus maze and open field test were used to evaluate the behavioral changes of rats. Enzyme- linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect serum and hippocampal interleukin-1<italic>β</italic> (IL-1<italic>β</italic>), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) levels. Western blot were used to detect the relative expression of hippocampal NLRP3, apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a CARD (ASC), and Caspase-1. The pathological changes of the hippocampus were observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining, the average fluorescence intensity of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 was detected by immunofluorescence. The ultrastructure of neurons was observed under electron microscopy. Result:Compared with the normal group, the model group showed reduced total entries (TE), the ratio of open-arm entries (OE%), the ratio of open-arm times (OT%), and the autonomous activity score (<italic>P</italic><0.01), significant anxiety and depression-like behaviors, increased levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6, and IL-18 in the serum and hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.01), elevated protein expression of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01), activated NLRP3 inflammasomes, and injured hippocampal neurons. Compared with the model group, the high-dose Baihe Dihuangtang group showed improved anxiety and depression-like behaviors (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and decreased levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>, IL-6, and IL-18 in the serum and hippocampus (<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01), reduced protein expression of NLRP3, ASC, and Caspase-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and alleviated hippocampal neuron damage. Conclusion:Baihe Dihuangtang can improve neuronal damage in anxious depression by inhibiting the excessive activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905874

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the effects of different drying methods on the chemical constituents of Trichosanthis Fructus. Method:Trichosanthis Fructus was dried by means of air drying, sun drying, hot air drying (40, 60, 80 ℃) and variable temperature drying (50-80, 80-50 ℃). The contents of nucleosides and flavonoids in Trichosanthis Fructus peels and seeds treated by different methods were compared by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), mobile phase was acetonitrile-0.2% acetic acid aqueous solution (3∶7) (A)-acetonitrile (B) for gradient elution (0-15 min, 97-95%B; 15-30 min, 95%-90%B; 30-35 min, 90%-87%B; 35-40 min, 87%-86.5%B; 40-48 min, 86.5%-97%B; 48-50 min, 97%B), the detection wavelength was 260 nm, and the flow rate was 0.4 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>. Gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry (GC-IMS) was used to compare the changes of volatile components in the samples treated by different treatments. The volatile components were incubated on a SE-54 capillary column (0.32 mm×30 m, 0.25 μm) at 80 ℃ and 500 r·min<sup>-1</sup> for 15 min, the injection temperature was 85 ℃, the injection volume was 400 μL, the analysis time was 35 min, carrier gas was high purity nitrogen, the flow rate of carrier gas was 2.0 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, the flow rate of drift gas was 150 mL·min<sup>-1</sup>, and the temperature of IMS detector was 45 ℃. Result:The contents of uridine, adenosine and adenine were higher after hot air drying at >50 ℃. Low temperature drying was conducive to maintaining the stability of cytidine, cytosine, rutin, luteolin and 2ʹ-deoxyadenosine. GC-IMS technology could realize the analysis and identification of Trichosanthis Fructus samples after different treatments. There were more volatile components after hot air drying at 80 ℃ and variable temperature drying. Conclusion:Hot air drying at 40 ℃ and 60 ℃ can retain nucleosides and flavonoids, and the volatile components are similar to those in traditional drying methods, which has the advantages of high efficient, controllable and suitable for industrial production.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879023

ABSTRACT

To explore the effect of Baihe Dihuang Decoction on the synaptic plasticity of hippocampal neurons in rats with anxious depression. Fifty SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, venlafaxine group(6.75 mg·kg~(-1)), high-dose Baihe Dihuang Decoction group(8.64 g·kg~(-1)) and low-dose Baihe Dihuang Decoction group(4.32 g·kg~(-1)). Chronic restraint stress(6 h) combined with corticosterone(ih, 30 mg·kg~(-1)) was used to establish an anxious depression model, and 7 days after modeling, the administration started and continued for 21 days. The anxiety and depression-like behaviors of the rats were evaluated. Golgi-Cox staining and electron microscopy were used to observe the morphology and ultrastructural changes of synaptic dendrites. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of hippocampal synaptic plasticity protein synapsin-1 and postsynaptic density protein 95(PSD-95). Western blot method was used to detect the expression of functional protein synaptophysin(SYP) and synaptic Ras GTPase activating protein(SynGap). The results showed that the rats in the model group had obvious anxiety and depression-like behaviors, the hip-pocampal dendritic spine density and branch length were reduced, the number of synapses was cut, and the internal structure was da-maged. The average fluorescence intensity of synapsin-1 and PSD-95 was significantly reduced and the expression of SYP and SynGap also decreased. High-dose Baihe Dihuang Decoction could significantly improve the anxiety and depression-like behaviors of model rats, relieve synaptic damage, and increase the expression of synapsin-1, PSD-95, SYP, and SynGap proteins. Therefore, we believe that Baihe Dihuang Decoction can improve anxiety and depression behaviors by regulating the synaptic plasticity of hippocampal neurons.


Subject(s)
Animals , Depression/drug therapy , Hippocampus , Neuronal Plasticity , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Synapses
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878992

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to observe the effect of Xinfeng Capsules(XFC)-containing serum on the apoptosis and inflammation of fibroblast-like synoviocytes(FLS) in rheumatoid arthritis(RA) induced by tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), so as to investigate the mechanism of XFC in the treatment of RA. RA-FLS immortalized cell line was established, and XFC drug-containing serum was prepared. CCK-8, ELISA, RT-qPCR, immunofluorescence and TUNEL were used to observe the effect of XFC-containing serum on RA-FLS apoptosis and inflammatory indexes. CCK-8 results showed that the optimal concentration and time of TNF-α on RA-FLS were 10 ng·mL~(-1) and 48 h, respectively; and the optimal concentration and time of XFC on RA-FLS were 6.48 mg·g~(-1) and 72 h, respectively. The results of ELISA showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 in TNF-α+RA-FLS group were significantly increased, while the expressions of IL-4 and IL-10 were significantly decreased(P<0.01); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8 were significantly decreased, whereas the expressions of IL-4 and IL-10 were significantly increased(P<0.01). The results of RT-qPCR showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the mRNA expressions of Fas, FasL, caspase-3, caspase-8, Bax, Bcl-X1 in TNF-α+RA-FLS group were significantly decreased, while the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 was significantly increased(P<0.001); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the mRNA expressions of Fas, FasL, caspase-3, caspase-8, Bax, Bcl-X1 were significantly increased, whereas the mRNA expression of Bcl-2 was significantly decreased(P<0.01). The results of immunofluorescence showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the protein expressions of caspase-3 and Bax in TNF-α+RA-FLS group was significantly lower than those in RA-FLS group(P<0.05); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the protein expressions of caspase-3 and Bax were significantly increased, whereas the protein expression of Bcl-2 was significantly decreased(P<0.05). TUNEL results showed that compared with RA-FLS group, the apoptosis of TNF-α+RA-FLS group was decreased(P<0.05); after intervention with XFC-containing serum, the apoptosis was significantly increased(P<0.05). One of the mechanisms of XFC in the treatment of RA is to promote the apoptosis of RA-FLS and inhibit its inflammatory reaction.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Capsules , Cells, Cultured , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fibroblasts , Humans , Inflammation , Synovial Membrane , Synoviocytes , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878926

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to study the effect and mechanism of fucoxanthin on insulin resistance of obese mice induced by high-fat diet. Fifty C57 BL/6 J male mice were randomly divided into control group and high-fat diet group. The insulin resistance model was induced with high-fat diet for 12 weeks, and model mice were randomly divided into model group, fucoxanthin-0.2% group, fucoxanthin-0.4% group and metformin group. After dietary treatment for 6 weeks, the body weight and epididymal fat weight in each group were measured. Fasting blood glucose(FBG), fasting insulin(FINS), total cholesterol(TC), triglyceride(TG), low-density lipoprotein(LDL-C) and high-density lipoprotein(HDL-C) were measured, and insulin resistance index(HOMA-IR) was calcula-ted. The pathological morphology in liver was observed by hematoxylin eosin staining, and the expressions of some key proteins in insulin receptor substrate 1(IRS-1)/posphoinositide 3-kinase(PI3 K)/serine-threonine kinase(Akt) and peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor-γ(PPARγ)/sterol regulatory element binding protein-1(SREBP-1)/fatty acid synthetase(FAS) pathways in liver were detected by Western blot. According to the findings, compared with the model group, levels of body weight, epididymal fat weight, FBG, FINS, TC, TG, LDL-C and HOMA-IR, as well as protein expressions of PPARγ, SREBP-1 and FAS in liver were significantly reduced(P<0.05 or P<0.01), while level of HDL-C and protein expressions of p-IRS-1, IRS-1, PI3 K and p-Akt in liver were signi-ficantly increased after treatment with fucoxanthin(P<0.05 or P<0.01). And the pathological changes of liver tissue in fucoxanthin-treated mice were also improved obviously. The results showed that fucoxanthin could improve obesity, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia, and alleviate insulin resistance in obese mice, and its mechanism is possibly related to the regulation of IRS-1/PI3 K/Akt and PPARγ/SREBP-1/FAS pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Insulin , Insulin Resistance , Liver , Male , Mice , Mice, Obese , Xanthophylls
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881239

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the effectiveness and safety of totally endoscopic transmitral myectomy (TETM) for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM), comparing with traditional sternotomy modified Morrow procedure (SMMP). Methods    Thirty-eight patients with HOCM who needed surgical intervention were selected from our hospital in 2019, including 14 males and 24 females, with an average age of 56 (44-68) years. According to the operation method, they were divided into a TETM group (n=18) and a SMMP group (n=20). Appropriate patients  were screened by propensity matching scores. Finally, the clinical data of two matched groups were compared and

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881220

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To evaluate the efficacy of thoracoscopic complex segmentectomy for stageⅠnon-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods    We retrospectively reviewed the perioperative clinical data of patients with stageⅠNSCLC who underwent thoracoscopic complex segmentectomy (n=58) or simple segmentectomy (n=33) between January 2017 and March 2020 in our hospital. There were 36 males and 55 females with a median age of 57 years (range: 50-66 years). The clinical data of the two groups were compared. Results    There were no significant differences between the two groups in characteristics including age, sex, weight, comorbidities, preoperative pulmonary function, dominant composition of tumor, tumor histology and size, overall complications, estimated blood loss, prolonged air leakage, length of hospital stay, length of drainage, surgical margin distance or number of dissected lymph nodes. Only the operation time and number of staples for making intersegmental plane were significantly different between the two groups (P<0.05). There was no perioperative death in both groups. Conclusion    Thoracoscopic complex segmentectomy is a feasible and safe technique for stageⅠNSCLC.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888320

ABSTRACT

Nonspecific low back pain is closely associated with afferent nerve ingrowth into degenerated IVDs and increasing the inflammatory response. Members of the class 3 semaphorins signal their response through two prominent receptors; the NRP (Neuropilin-1) and the Plexin A. Sema3A (Semaphorin3A) is primarily known for their role in modulating neuronal survival as well as neurite outgrowth and guidance via regulation of Sema3A-NRP-1-plexinA signal pathway. Also, sema3A is shown to be conductive to innervate the inner painful degenerated IVDs (Intervertebral discs). Furthermore, sema3A is thought to act as a barrier to endothelial cells survival and migration on vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and inhibition of KLF5-induced (Krüppel-like factor 5) inflammatory mediators within degenerated IVDs. Therefore, Sema3A produce a new perspective of dual-action therapeutic agent for attenuating the regulator of innervation and angiogenesis into degenerated IVDs and inhibition of KLF5-induced inflammation.


Subject(s)
Endothelial Cells , Humans , Low Back Pain , Neuropilin-1 , Semaphorin-3A , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888024

ABSTRACT

To observe the effect of Xinfeng Capsules on rheumatoid arthritis (RA) B lymphocytes,inflammatory mediators,FAK/CAPN/PI3K pathway,in order to explore the mechanism of Xinfeng Capsules in improving clinical symptoms of RA.Joint and systemic symptoms of RA patients were observed,and laboratory indicators[hemoglobin (HGB),platelet count (PLT),erythrocyte sedimentation (ESR),immunoglobulin (Ig) G,Ig A,Ig M,rheumatoid factor (RF),anti-cyclic citrulline antibody (CCP-AB),C-reactive protein (CRP)]were detected.ELISA was used to detect serum interleukin (IL)-1β,IL-10,IL-33,chemokine 5 (CCL5),and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF).CD3~-CD19~+B cells were measured by flow cytometry.Western blot was used to detect FAK,p-FAK,CAPN,PI3K protein.The results showed that Xinfeng Capsules could significantly alleviate RA joint and systemic symptoms and improve clinical efficacy.And Xinfeng Capsules could increase HGB,decrease PLT,CCP-AB,CRP,ESR index,upregulate IL-10 expression,and down-regulate IL-1β,IL-33,CCL5,VEGF,CD3~-CD19~+B cells,FAK,p-FAK,CAPN,PI3K expressions (P<0.01).Based on the above results,Xinfeng Capsules may reduce the expression of CD3~-CD19~+,regulate the balance of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines,inhibit abnormal activation of FAK/CAPN/PI3K pathway,and improve clinical symptoms of RA.


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , B-Lymphocytes , Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887962

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of Banxia Xiexin Decoction(BXD) on inflammatory factors and intestinal flora in a dextran sulfate sodium induced ulcerative colitis(DSS-UC) mouse model, and to explore the mechanism of BXD in treating ulcerative colitis from the perspective of flora disorder. Forty C57 BL/6 J mice were randomly divided into control group, model group and BXD group. A 2.5% DSS-induced ulcerative colitis model was established. On the 8 th day, normal saline, normal saline, and BXD were given daily for 14 days. After 14 days, HE staining was used to observe histopathological changes of the colon. Serum inflammatory factor content was detected by ELISA, and the change of intestinal flora in mice feces was detected by 16 S rRNA sequencing technology. Compared with control group, the colonic tissue of mice in model group was damaged seriously, and the contents of IL-6 and TNF-α in serum were significantly increased(P<0.05). Compared with model group, mice in BXD group had less colonic damage, and the contents of IL-6, TNF-α in serum were decreased significantly(P<0.05). After creation, the richness of Patescibacteria was increased significantly at the phylum level(P<0.05). At the same time, the richness of Faecalibaculum(P<0.01), norank_f_Muribaculaceae(P<0.01) were decreased significantly at the genus level, while the richness of Turicibacter(P<0.01), Romboutsia(P<0.01), Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1(P<0.01) were increased significantly. After the intervention with BXD, the content of Patescibacteria was significantly reduced at the phylum level(P<0.05), and the contents of Lactobacillus(P<0.01), Clostri-dium_sensu_stricto_1(P<0.01), Enterorhabdus(P<0.01), Candidatus_Saccharimonas(P<0.05), Eubacterium_fissicatena_group(P<0.05) were decreased significantly at the genus level, while the contents of Dubosiella, Bacteroides and Allobaculum were increased significantly. Therefore, BXD could significantly improve the symptoms of DSS-UC mice. It not only could reduce the contents of IL-6 and TNF-α, but also could reduce the richness of Patescibacteria at the phylum level, and those of Clostridium_sensu_stricto_1, Candidatus_Saccharimonas, Eubacterium_fissicatena_group at the genus level. Inaddition, BXD could increase the richness of Bacteroides and Bifidobacterium. It suggested that BXD could play a role in the treatment of ulcerative colitis partially through reducing inflammatory factors and regulating the structure of the gut microbiota.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis , Colitis, Ulcerative/drug therapy , Colon , Dextran Sulfate/toxicity , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Sulfates
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886532

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To determine the clinical efficacy of transapical transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve treatment for patients with deteriorated mitral bioprosthesis after aortic-mitral double valve replacement. Methods    The clinical data of 9 patients who underwent transapical transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve implantation after aortic-mitral double valve replacement due to mitral bioprosthesis deterioration from May 2020 to January 2021 in our hospital were retrospectively analyzed, including 4 males and 5 females with a mean age of 72.44±7.57 years. Results    Surgeries were performed successfully in all patients with no conversion to median sternotomy. The mean procedural time was 101.33±48.49 min, the mechanical ventilation time was 23.11±26.54 h, the ICU stay was 1.89±1.05 d and the postoperative hospital stay was 6.11±2.02 d. Residual mild mitral regurgitation was only observed in 1 patient. Only 1 patient needed postoperative blood transfusion. No major complications were observed in all patients. There was no death in postoperative 90 days. Conclusion    For patients with deteriorated mitral bioprosthesis after aortic-mitral double valve replacement, transapical transcatheter mitral valve-in-valve implantation achieves good clinical results and effectively  improves the hemodynamics without increasing the risk of postoperative left ventricular outflow tract obstruction. The surgery is feasible and effective.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL