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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964967

ABSTRACT

As a rare Chinese medicinal material, Paridis Rhizoma is mainly distributed in Yunnan, Guangxi, and Guizhou in southwestern China, with the effect of clearing heat and detoxifying, alleviating edema and relieving pain, cooling liver and tranquilizing mind. It is particularly effective for injuries from falls, fractures, contusions and strains, snake bites, cold wind-induced convulsion, and other diseases, which has been used for more than 2 000 years. According to modern research, polyphyllin Ⅱ, one of the main active components of Paridis Rhizoma, belongs to diosgenin in structure. It has the anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial, immune-regulating, antioxidant, and multidrug resistance-reversing activities, showing good application prospect. Especially, the anti-tumor effect of polyphyllin Ⅱ has attracted wide attention, and the mechanism is inhibiting proliferation, migration, and invasion of tumor cells, inducing cell cycle arrest, apoptosis, and autophagy, suppressing angiogenesis, and modulating tumor microenvironment. However, the pharmacokinetic results show that polyphyllin Ⅱ has low bioavailability in vivo due to the low solubility, poor absorption, unsatisfactory distribution, and slow metabolism, which limit the clinical application. In recent years, there has been an explosion of research on the adverse reactions of polyphyllin Ⅱ, such as the strong hemolytic activity and obvious cytotoxicity to liver, kidney, myocardium and cardiovascular cells. Thus, papers were retrieved from "CNKI", "VIP", "Wanfang Data", "PubMed", "Web of Science", and "Elsevier SD" with "Paris saponin Ⅱ", "Polyphyllin Ⅱ" as the main keywords, and the pharmacological activities and mechanisms, pharmacokinetics, and adverse reactions were summarized. The findings are expected to serve as a reference for the in-depth research, development, and utilization of polyphyllin Ⅱ.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906408

ABSTRACT

This review made a systematic textual research on the historical evolution and changes of the origin, producing areas and quality, harvest time and processing methods, and cultivation technique of Poria in famous classical formulas from the Catalogue of Ancient Famous Classical Formulas (the First Batch) by referring to the literature of ancient materia medica and medical books combining with the modern literature in CNKI, Wanfang Data and other databases, which could provide reference for the development and research of the famous classical formulas containing Poria. According to the research, the origin of Poria in ancient times was the dried sclerotia of Poria cocos. The producing area of Poria is widely distributed in China, mainly produced in Anhui, Hubei, Henan and Yunnan provinces. The quality of Poria from Yunnan is better, and the yield is larger in Anhui and Hubei provinces. The quality evaluation of Poria is basically the same from ancient to modern, which has the characteristics of large block, heavy weight, thin and wrinkled skin, and white and delicate cross section. The harvesting period of Poria is usually in August of the lunar calendar. The initial processing has undergone the evolution from drying in shade in the ancient time to drying in shade after sweating in the modern time. From ancient times to the present, Poria has been processed by cutting to prepare the Fuling lumps and Fuling slices. The cultivation technique has experienced the evolution process of "wild Poria-inoculation of live pine root-basswood cultured". At present, Poria is mainly cultivated by artificial basswood with mature technical methods and abundant yields, which can meet the research and development needs of the famous classical formulas.

3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1967-1971, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922233

ABSTRACT

Thalidomide and its derivatives have been used in the treatment of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) because of their anti-angiogenic and immunomodulatory effects. In recent years, some studies have found that thalidomide and its derivatives not only showed significant efficacy in lower-risk MDS patients with del (5q), but also showed advantages in non-del (5q) MDS patients. In addition, the discovery of its molecular targets and new substrates makes it possible to develop a new generation of immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) and to design IMiDs-based proteolysis-targeting chimeras. In this review, the new progress in mechanism and clinical application of thalidomide and its derivatives were summarized briefly, so as to provide a more scientific, reasonable and effective scheme to the treatment of MDS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunomodulating Agents , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/drug therapy , Thalidomide/therapeutic use
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942553

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the variation regularity and influencing factors of cortical auditory evoked potential (CAEP) evoked by pure tone, syllable and tone stimuli in cochlear implant (CI) children. Methods: Cortical auditory evoked potential (CAEP) responses were collected from 46 CI children in the sound field. Pure tones with frequencies of 1 kHz and 2 kHz were used as the standard and the deviant respectively in the pure tone stimulation condition. The Chinese Mandarin tokens/ba/-/pa/and/ba1/-/ba4/pairs were used as the stimuli respectively in the syllable and tone stimulation condition. The latency, amplitude and presence rate of P1 and mismatch negative(MMN) were obtained and the correlation between the difficulty of auditory task, the age of hearing month, the duration of severe-profound hearing loss, the wearing history of hearing aid before CI, the hearing threshold of the better ear before CI and the latency and amplitude of P1 and MMN were analyzed. All statistical analyses and figures were conducted using SPSS 25.0. Results: The P1 presence rate of pure tone, syllable and tone group was 100% (17/17), 100% (13/13) and 75.0% (12/16), respectively, with significant difference (χ²=8.214, P=0.016). There was significant difference between pure tone group and tone group (χ²=4.836, P=0.028), but no significant difference between pure tone group and syllable group, syllable group and tone group. The MMN presence rate of pure tone, syllable and tone group was 94.1% (16/17), 84.6% (11/13) and 62.5% (10/16), respectively, but no significant difference among the three groups with different auditory tasks(χ²=0.066, P=0.066). No significant difference was observed among the three groups of different auditory tasks in the latency and amplitude of P1 and MMN. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that the latency of P1 was positively correlated with the difficulty of auditory task and the hearing threshold of the better ear before CI, and negatively correlated with hearing age and the history of hearing aid before CI. The latency of MMN was positively correlated with the difficulty of auditory task, and negatively correlated with hearing age. Conclusions: The P1 presence rate of pure tone auditory task is significantly higher than that of tone auditory task. The difficulty of auditory task, hearing age, the history of hearing aid before CI, and the hearing threshold of the better ear before CI has significant effects on the P1 latency. The difficulty of auditory task and hearing age has significant effects on the MMN latency.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acoustic Stimulation , Cochlear Implantation , Cochlear Implants , Evoked Potentials, Auditory , Hearing , Hearing Aids
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828543

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a clinically applicable model of rapid identification of adverse drug reaction program (RiADP) for risk management and decision-making of clinical drug use.@*METHODS@#Based on the theory of disproportion analysis, frequency method and Bayes method, a clinically applicable RiADP model in R language background was established, and the parameters of the model were interpreted by MedDRA coding. Based on the actual monitoring data of FDA, the model was validated by the assessing hepatotoxicity of lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r).@*RESULTS@#The established RiADP model included four parameters: standard value of adverse drug reaction signal information, empirical Bayesian geometric mean value, ratio of reporting ratio and number of adverse drug reaction cases. Through the application of R language parameter package "phViD", the model parameters could be output quickly. After being encoded by MedDRA, it was converted into clinical terms to form a clinical interpretation report of adverse drug reactions. In addition, the evaluation results of LPV/r hepatotoxicity by the model were matched with the results reported in latest literature, which also proved the reliability of the model results.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In this study, a rapid identification method of adverse reactions based on post marketing drug monitoring data was established in R language environment, which is capable of sending rapid warning of adverse reactions of target drugs in public health emergencies, and providing intuitive evidence for risk management and decision-making of clinical drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Databases, Pharmaceutical , Decision Making, Computer-Assisted , Drug Monitoring , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , HIV Protease Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Liver , Lopinavir , Toxicity , Models, Statistical , Reproducibility of Results , Software , Reference Standards
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804730

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish finite element models of skull, fronto-orbital advancement and fronto-orbital distraction osteogenesis of craniosynostosis, to analyze the mechanical characteristics of skull base and fronto-orbital operation area, so as to guide the later application of tractors.@*Methods@#One 6-year-old male patient with unilateral coronal synostosis was enrolled in October 2015. Three-dimensional (3D) computed tomography (CT) scan of skull was performed. DICOM data was imported into Mimics 17.0 for contour extraction and cranial 3D reconstruction. The skull model was processed by Mimics, Geomagic Studio 12.0, Hypermesh 12.0 and other software to establish a three-dimensional finite element model. The unilateral and bilateral fronto-orbital anterior osteotomy models were simulated respectively. The mechanical analysis was performed at point A in forehead area and point B in temporal area. Three different groups of traction forces were loaded: (1) 50 Newton for point A, 50 Newton for point B; (2) 80 Newton for point A and 50 Newton for point B; (3) 100 Newton for point A and 50 Newton for point B, to obtain the optimized traction force.@*Results@#Stress analysis was performed on established cranial finite element model, as well as unilateral and bilateral fronto-orbital advancement procedures. The stress distribution of the anterior and middle cranial fossae was found to be concentrated. After unilateral fronto-orbital advancement, the stress of anterior cranial fossa, especially the affected side, was decreased. The stress on both side in anterior cranial fossa was decreased after bilateral fronto-orbital advancement. After force was applied to point A and point B, the optimum deviation result at supraorbital notch point, midpoint of supraorbital margin, frontal temporal point and frontal zygomatic suture point in 3D (Deviation result of X value: -29.4%, -20.5%, -8.6%, -9.3%; Deviation result of Y value: 20.9%, 31.5%, 73.0%, 539.4%; Deviation result of Z value: 4.4%, 1.9%, 0.1%, 11.8%) demonstrated the application of traction force can inwardly, downwardly and forwardly move the bone flap. The optimized traction was 80 Newton at point A and 50 Newton at point B by preliminary assessment.@*Conclusions@#The finite element analysis of the fronto-orbital advancement can be used for more accurate preoperative simulation, to clarify the influence of fronto-orbital advancement on craniofacial morphology and development, as well as skull base. It also facilitates surgical decision and predicts the postoperative distraction vectors.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1115-1122, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780169

ABSTRACT

In this paper, a new type of preparation for treatment of initial dry eye disease, thermosensitive in situ gel, was prepared using levocarnitine as a model drug. Poloxamer 407 and poloxamer 188 were used as the gel matrix, and sodium hyaluronate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose were used as bioadhesive materials. Gelation temperature was determined by a rotor method and the prescription was optimized by central composite design-response surface methodology. The pH value, viscosity value and gelation temperature of the optimal prescription were measured. The release of the drug in vitro was examined by dialysis membrane permeation, and retention time of the thermosensitive in situ gel preparation on the rabbit's ocular surface was observed by a slit lamp microscope. The results showed that the dosage of the poloxamer 407 and poloxamer 188 were 20.81% and 3.46%, respectively, and sodium hyaluronate was 0.02%, sodium carboxymethyl cellulose was 0.10% of the optimal formulation of levocarnitine thermosensitive in situ gel. The pH value was 6.90 ± 0.06 at room temperature and the viscosity value started to rise sharply at 27 ℃ of the optimal formulation. The gelation temperature of the optimal preparation before and after dilution by simulated tear fluid were (26.37 ± 0.06) ℃ and (33.57 ± 0.21) ℃, respectively. In the first 240 min, in vitro release rate per unit area of levocarnitine thermosensitive in situ gel was lower than that of solution (P<0.05), and after 600 min, the cumulative release rate of levocarnitine thermosensitive in situ gel could reach more than 80%. The retention time of the thermosensitive in situ gel preparation on rabbit's ocular surface reached about 25 min, at least 5 times as much as that of the solution. The animal experiment was conducted following the National Institutes of Health Guidelines for the use of experimental animals, and approved by the Ethics Committee of the Experimental Animal Center of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. The levocarnitine thermosensitive in situ gel showed good characteristics and sustained release property and significantly improved the retention time of the drug on the rabbit's ocular surface.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 348-353, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780098

ABSTRACT

To determine relative molecular weight of astragalus polysaccharides (APs), we used Shodex GS620 gel permeation chromatographic column and differential refraction detector (GPC-RI) with dextran as a reference. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and GPC combined with multi-angle laser light scattering detection (GPC-MALLS) were also used.GPC-RI measure showed four peaks of APs, with the Mw of 1 380 000, 231 000, 18 000, and 480, respectively. Three main peaks were found by GPC-RI-MALLS with the Mw as 1 148 000, 180 000, and 43 000, respectively. Strong signals in 155 000 and 18 000 were detected by MALDI-TOF-MS, which also indicated the sugar moieties of the APs as hexoses. From our study, we found that the GPC-RI method with universal correction is most suitable for Mw determination of the APs. Nevertheless, the three methods should be combined and contrasted with each other to obtain accurate information in research of polysaccharides from Chinese medicine.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1823-1832, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802703

ABSTRACT

Background@#Collagen type IV (COL4)-related nephropathy includes a variety of kidney diseases that occur with or without extra-renal manifestations caused by COL4A3-5 mutations. Previous studies revealed several novel mutations, including three COL4A3 missense mutations (G619R, G801R, and C1616Y) and the COL4A3 chr:228172489delA c.4317delA p.Thr1440ProfsX87 frameshift mutation that resulted in a truncated NC1 domain (hereafter named COL4A3 c.4317delA); however, the mutation mechanisms that lead to podocyte injury remain unclear. This study aimed to further explore the mutation mechanisms that lead to podocyte injury.@*Methods@#Wild-type (WT) and four mutant COL4A3 segments were constructed into a lentiviral plasmid, then stably transfected into human podocytes. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were applied to detect endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)- and apoptosis-related mRNA and protein levels. Then, human podocytes were treated with MG132 (a proteasome inhibitor) and brefeldin A (a transport protein inhibitor). The human podocyte findings were verified by the establishment of a mus-Col4a3 knockout mouse monoclonal podocyte using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) technology.@*Results@#Our data showed that COL4A3 mRNA was significantly overexpressed in the lentivirus stably transfected podocytes. Moreover, the COL4A3 protein level was significantly increased in all groups except the COL4A3 c.4317delA group. Compared to the other test groups, the COL4A3 c.4317delA group showed excessive ERS and apoptosis. Podocytes treated with MG132 showed remarkably increased intra-cellular expression of the COL4A3 c.4317delA mutation. MG132 intervention improved higher ERS and apoptosis levels in the COL4A3 c.4317delA group. Mouse monoclonal podocytes with COL4A3 chr:82717932insA c.4852insA p.Arg1618ThrfsX4 were successfully acquired; this NC1-truncated mutation suggested a higher level of ERS and relatively remarkable level of apoptosis compared to that of the WT group.@*Conclusions@#We demonstrated that excessive ERS and ERS-induced apoptosis were involved in the podocyte injury caused by the NC1-truncated COL4A3 mutation. Furthermore, proteasome pathway intervention might become a potential treatment for collagen type IV-related nephropathy caused by a severely truncated COL4A3 mutation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801716

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of varying concentrations of polyethylene glycol(PEG)400 in receiving solution on in vitro transdermal test of drugs. Method: 5-Fluorouracil(5-FU) was selected as a model drug,by preparing different concentrations of PEG400-phosphate buffer solution(PBS) as the receiving solution,the receiving chamber did not add drug,the excised rat skins were treated with various additives for 12 h,then replaced by PBS and added the saturated model drug into the donor compartment to determine the transdermal parameters of the drug.Meanwhile,scanning electron microscopy(SEM) was employed to monitor the effect of PEG400 with different concentration on the stratum corneum of rat skin. Result: The 10%,15% and 40% PEG400-PBS groups had no significant effect on in vitro transdermal absorption parameters of the 5-FU.The steady transdermal rate and cumulative penetration rate of the drug in 20% and 30% PEG400-PBS groups were significantly higher than that in the PBS group(PPConclusion: In the rat skin transdermal test,the concentration of PEG400 in receiving solution should be controlled below 20%.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745435

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the hematological toxicity of 89SrCl2 in patients with multiple bone metastases of malignant tumors,and analyze the related-risk factors.Methods A total of 89 patients (63 males,26 females;age:(62.3±5.2) years) with multiple bone metastases and treated with 89SrCl2 were enrolled.Hematological data at 2 and 4 weeks after treatment with 89SrCl2 were analyzed.Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) v4.03 was used to evaluate the hematological toxicity,and the influencing risk factors were analyzed.Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the data.Results The incidences of grade Ⅰ-Ⅱ anemia,leukopenia and thrombocytopania at 2 and 4 weeks after treatment were 15.7%(14/89),18.0%(16/89),11.2%(10/89) and 18.0%(16/89),24.7%(22/89),18.0%(16/89),respectively.The incidences of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ anemia,leukopenia and thrombocytopenia were 2.2%(2/89),0,0 and 2.2%(2/89),2.2%(2/89),3.4%%(3/89),respectively.Logistics multivariate analysis showed that the number of bone metastases and the Hb level before treatment were independent effect factors for hematological toxicity of 89SrCl2,with odds ratio (OR) values of 2.200(95% CI:1.269-3.841) and 0.961 (95% CI:0.932-0.991),respectively.Conclusions Serious hematological toxicity after 89SrCl2 treatment is rare.The number of bone metastases and the Hb level before treatment are independent effect factors for hematological toxicity.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773109

ABSTRACT

Classical prescriptions are precious wealth left by ancient Chinese medical scientists. Moreover,they are also the important part of the treasure-house in Chinese medicine. Classical prescriptions have a long and rich history for human-use in China and play an important role in keeping people healthy. The state administration of traditional medicine of China published the Catalogue of Classical Prescriptions(first batch) in 2018. This measure has inspired the enthusiasm of Chinese medicine manufacturers to study ancient classical prescriptions and develop classical compound prescriptions. Based on the first batch of classical prescriptions, the dosage forms, sources, prescription components, decocting degree, use of toxic drugs and processing methods of classical prescriptions. The results showed that most of the classical prescriptions in the first batch were decoction and boiled powder,while only four of them were powder and paste forms,all of which were originated from representative classics in the past dynasties. The dosage and decocting degree of decoction were greater than those of boiled powder. The dosage and decocting degree of decoction in Han and Tang Dynasties was close to that in Ming and Qing Dynasties,higher than that in Song and Jin Dynasties. Moreover,the average number of herbs in the prescriptions in Han Dynasty was the smallest. The use of toxic traditional Chinese medicine was the most frequent in Han Dynasty, and Pinellia ternata was the most common toxic medicine. There were various processing methods, including cleansing, cutting, stir-frying, roasting and so on. In this paper, the dosage forms of traditional paste, the time concept of decoction in the ancient times, the traditional roasting method and the processing method of toxic drugs were summarized to provide ideas and reference for further development of classical prescriptions.


Subject(s)
China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Reference Standards , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1823-1832, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771153

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Collagen type IV (COL4)-related nephropathy includes a variety of kidney diseases that occur with or without extra-renal manifestations caused by COL4A3-5 mutations. Previous studies revealed several novel mutations, including three COL4A3 missense mutations (G619R, G801R, and C1616Y) and the COL4A3 chr:228172489delA c.4317delA p.Thr1440ProfsX87 frameshift mutation that resulted in a truncated NC1 domain (hereafter named COL4A3 c.4317delA); however, the mutation mechanisms that lead to podocyte injury remain unclear. This study aimed to further explore the mutation mechanisms that lead to podocyte injury.@*METHODS@#Wild-type (WT) and four mutant COL4A3 segments were constructed into a lentiviral plasmid, then stably transfected into human podocytes. Real-time polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting were applied to detect endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)- and apoptosis-related mRNA and protein levels. Then, human podocytes were treated with MG132 (a proteasome inhibitor) and brefeldin A (a transport protein inhibitor). The human podocyte findings were verified by the establishment of a mus-Col4a3 knockout mouse monoclonal podocyte using clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (CRISPR/Cas9) technology.@*RESULTS@#Our data showed that COL4A3 mRNA was significantly overexpressed in the lentivirus stably transfected podocytes. Moreover, the COL4A3 protein level was significantly increased in all groups except the COL4A3 c.4317delA group. Compared to the other test groups, the COL4A3 c.4317delA group showed excessive ERS and apoptosis. Podocytes treated with MG132 showed remarkably increased intra-cellular expression of the COL4A3 c.4317delA mutation. MG132 intervention improved higher ERS and apoptosis levels in the COL4A3 c.4317delA group. Mouse monoclonal podocytes with COL4A3 chr:82717932insA c.4852insA p.Arg1618ThrfsX4 were successfully acquired; this NC1-truncated mutation suggested a higher level of ERS and relatively remarkable level of apoptosis compared to that of the WT group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We demonstrated that excessive ERS and ERS-induced apoptosis were involved in the podocyte injury caused by the NC1-truncated COL4A3 mutation. Furthermore, proteasome pathway intervention might become a potential treatment for collagen type IV-related nephropathy caused by a severely truncated COL4A3 mutation.

14.
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2018; 31 (6): 2329-2332
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-205070

ABSTRACT

Isopropylidene shikimic acid [ISA], a new drug derviatived from Shikimic Acid, had been proved to be effective in the cerebral protection after cerebral ischemia and reperfusion. But there was little research on the physical pharmacy and biopharmaceutical properties about the drug. In order to provide some useful data for the pharmaceutical development of ISA, the solubility, stability and Oil/Water partition coefficient [LogP] were determined by the classic preformulation study method, and the transmembrane performance of ISA was studied by Franz -diffusion cell method in vitro. The results showed that ISA was water-soluble with a solubility 32.52mg/ml, which could be improved to 44.32 mg/ml by 1% [w/v] sodium dodecyl sulfate; the LogP was -0.63; ISA was less stable in water but it was stable when pH greater than 6.0 and unstable when pH less than 6.0; the accumulated permeation rates at 1h were about 50% and more than 80% at 6h. Data obtained by the study indicated that the medium selection and pH control were important for liquid preparation of ISA, and avoiding dissolution and absorption in stomach was critical for the oral solid dosage forms. Mucosal drug delivery systems would be considered, according to the certain hydrophilic-lipophilic characters and good transmembrane capability

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-732846

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a quality control method for bomeol and artificial musk in Xinfufang-Zhenzhusan and Xinfufang-Zhenzhugao.Methods We used petroleum ether-toluene-ethyl acetate (9:3:2)as developer for TLC to identify isoborneol and borneol and petroleum ether-dichloromethane (2:3) as developer for TLC to identificate musk ketone.Agilent 7890 B gas chromatograph,FDI detector;Column:Thermo-TG-WaxMS GC (0.25 mm × 30 m,0.25 mm) was employed;the carrier gas was high purity nitrogen and flow rate for 1 mg/ml,the injection port temperature is 200 C and detector temperature is 250 ℃;the split ratio is 10:1 and injection volume was 1 μl,using temperature programmed.Results The isoborneol,borneol and musk ketone in the range of 0.001-10 mg/ml showed good linearity.The recovery of the method is in the range of 95 % to 105 %.The TLC for isobomeol,bomeol,musk ketone can be identified easily.Conclusions The method was simple and reasonable,which can be used for the quality control of borneol and artificial musk in the Xinfufang-Zhenzhusan and Xinfufang-Zhenzhugao.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700036

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the location,composition,zoning,flow and combination form of medical system of Model 920 hospital ship, and to provide theoretical support for the design of the hospital ship. Methods The layout of medical system of the hospital ship was constructed based on the theories of ship engineering design,hospital architecture design and naval health service as well as the requirements for height and internal environment of medical system.Results The mode combining multi corridor and single column was used to design 8 operating rooms and accessories in the midship of No.01 deck.Conclusion The multi-corridor single-column combination operating area occupies less ship space resources and the surgical treatment of wounded and sick patients is efficient, which is suitable for the platform of the ship and is worthy of reference for the design of the medical system of the large-scale rescue platform on the sea. [Chinese Medical Equipment Journal,2018,39(5):39-43]

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698501

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Arthroscopic reconstruction for treatment of avulsion fracture at the tibial insertion of the knee posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) can minimize surgical trauma to the largest degree. However, its implants have relatively poor stability; therefore, functional exercise cannot be performed in the early stages after surgery, which is inconducive to knee function recovery. It is extremely challenging to perform traditional open reduction with internal fixation to repair avulsion fractures at the tibial insertion of the knee PCL. Often, the crushed bones cannot be firmly fixed, leading to a poor repair effect. OBJECTIVE: To design a new inverted "L"-shaped incision in the popliteal fossa through which bone plates were inserted to fix the crushed bones and to reconstruct PCL tension, facilitating knee function recovery; to compare the therapeutic effects of this new fixation and reconstruction method, and arthroscopic reconstruction for treating avulsion fracture at the tibial insertion of the knee PCL. METHODS: A prospective, single-center, non-randomized controlled trial. One hundred and eighty patients (knees) with avulsion fracture at the tibial insertion of the knee PCL will be assigned to two groups based on treatment methods: arthroscopic reconstruction group (n = 90;fracture fixation and repair under the arthroscope) and new method group (n = 90; bone plates will be inserted through an "L"-shaped incision in the popliteal fossa to fix the crushed bones and reconstruct PCL tension). After surgery, these patients will be followed up for 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: The primary outcome measure is the excellent and good rate of knee function recovery at 12 months after surgery as evaluated by Lysholm Knee Scoring Scale score (Herein referred to as Lysholm score). The secondary outcome measures are the excellent and good rate of knee function recovery before surgery, 6 weeks and 6 months after surgery; Lysholm score before surgery, 6 weeks, 6 months and 12 months after surgery; Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee score, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) score, posterior drawer test negative rate, X-ray morphology of the knee before surgery, and 6 weeks, 6 months, and 12 months after surgery and; incidence of adverse events at 6 weeks, 6 months and 12 months after surgery. Results of a preliminary study involving 62 patients (knees) with avulsion fracture at the tibial insertion of the knee PCL showed that posterior drawer test negative rate and Lysholm score were significantly higher in the new method group compared to the arthroscopic reconstruction group (P < 0.05) at 3 months after surgery. This study will be performed to compare the therapeutic effects of bone plate insertion through an "L"-shaped incision made in the popliteal fossa to fix the crushed bones and to reconstruct PCL tension, and traditional fracture fixation and repair under the arthroscope to treat avulsion fracture at the tibial insertion of the knee PCL. We believe that the former method will be superior to the latter one because it can fix the avulsion fracture more firmly, facilitating knee function recovery. This study was approved by Medical Ethics Committee of Cangzhou Central Hospital of China (approval No. 2017-120-01). This study will be performed in strict accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki formulated by the World Medical Association. Participants provided signed informed consent prior to participation in the study. This study was designed in December 2017. Patient recruitment and data collection will begin in April 2018. Patient recruitment will end in June 2019. Data analysis will be performed in August 2020. The study will be completed in October 2020. Results will be disseminated through presentations at scientific meetings and/or by publication in a peer-reviewed journal. This trial was registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (registration number:ChiCTR1800015026). The version of this study protocol is (1.0).

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693665

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of Quercetin , Luteolin, pigenin in Matricaria Chamomila L.. Methods HPLC analysis was performed on Agilent Zorbox SB-C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) with the methanol and phosphoric acid as mobile phase in equal degree model, and the column temperature was set at 25 ℃, and the flow rate was 1.0 ml.min-1 and the detecting wave length was at 350 nm. Results The linear response ranges were from 0.25-4.04 μg of Quercetin (r=1.000, n=6) and from 0.25-3.98 μg of Luteolin (r=1.000, n=6) and 0.25-4.02 μg of Apigenin (r=1.000, n=6);and the recoveries, the precision and the stability RSD of Quercetin, Luteolin and Apigenin meet the requirements. The average recovery rate of quercetin, luteolin and apigenin was 93.64%, 95.85% and 95.40%, respectively. Conclusions All 3 samples in Matricaria Chamomila.L were determined by HPLC. The method is simple, rapid, and reproducible. It can be used as reference for the quality control of Matricaria Chamomila L..

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693606

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish the quality standard for Bushen-Tongluo granules.Methods Drynariae rhizoma, Paeoniae radix alba, Cyathulae radix, Chuanxiongin rhizome were identified by thin layer chromatography (TLC), and the content of naringin and paeoniflorin was determined by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) with chromatographic column Agilent C18 (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm), as the mobile phase was acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid and the scan wave length were 230 and 283 nm. The column temperature was 30 . The flow rate ℃ was 1.0 ml/min. Results TLC could identify Drynariae rhizoma , Paeoniae radix alba, Cyathulae radix, Chuanxiongin rhizome effectively. Under the condition, there was a good linear relationship when the content of naringin was in 6.337 0-50.695 7 μg. There is also a good linear relationship when the content of paeoniflorin was in 26.065 8-130.328 8 μg. The average recovery rate of naringin was 97.13% and RSD was 1.19%.The average recovery rate of paeoniflorin was 96.61% and RSD was 1.51%. Conclusions The established methods are simple, specific, reproducible, and sensitive, and they can be used for the quality control of Bushen-Tongluo granules.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712363

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the deformity of cranial base in patients with craniosynostosis and to evaluate the effect of modified fronto-orbital advancement (FOA) for craniosynostosis using three-dimensional digital technology.Methods From January 2010 to December 2016,10 cases of craniosynostosis were included in the study.All patients underwent modified FOA,we quantitatively analysed the pre-operative deformity and the surgical outcome of FOA performed in ten patients with craniosynostosis.The measurements of skull base were performed based on 3D computed tomography (CT) scan.We assessed the symmetry of skull base and the deflection of anterior cranial fossa.Results The mean patients' age at FOAs was 3.2 years.A significant asymmetry of skull base was found in all patients.The growth of anterior and middle fossae was restricted.On the follow-up CT images 23.6 months after surgery,there was prominent change (P<0.05) between the two hemibases (CSO(-)ratio) and between the lengths and angles of anterior and middle cranial hemi-fossae (CX,CSX(-),XSM(-) ratio).Anterior cranial vault asymmetry index obviously decreased from 12.4% to 1.05% before surgery (P<0.05).In addition,anterior cranial vault deflection angle proved to also be less after surgical correction (20.33°±9.19° versus 13.13°±5.28°,P<0.05).Conclusions The asymmetry of skull base can be presented by intracranial view at over 1 year of age.FOA can correct the skeletal malformation of frontotemporal region and the asymmetry of skull base is improved after surgical treatment.

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