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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 175-180, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006445

ABSTRACT

Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is currently the primary treatment method for advanced liver cancer. This article elaborates on the current status of application of TACE in hepatocellular carcinoma from the aspects of existing techniques, patient selection, and efficacy assessment and summarizes the research advances and prospects of TACE combined with local treatment and systemic therapy, so as to provide new ideas for clinical practice and experimental studies.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3644-3654, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004643

ABSTRACT

A pharmacophore-based study was conducted to investigate the therapeutic activity of the traditional Tibetan medicine Zha Xun (ZX) in liver diseases. In the present study, the protective effect of ZX on the acute liver injury induced by concanavalin A (ConA) and 0.15% carbon tetrachloride (0.15% CCl4) in ICR mice was evaluated, and the results showed that ZX significantly reduced serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in the ConA-induced acute immune liver injury model and the CCl4-induced acute oxidative liver injury model (P < 0.05). Subsequently, the protective effects of aqueous, 95% ethanol, 60% ethanol and 30% ethanol eluting fractions of ZX, and fulvic acid, the main water-soluble constituent of ZX, were evaluated against acute oxidative liver injury induced by 0.15% CCl4 in mice. The results showed that different solvent-eluting fractions of ZX showed certain hepatoprotective activities, among which the aqueous extract of ZX and 30% ethanol extract of ZX significantly reduced the serum levels of ALT, AST, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in mice (P < 0.05), and the serum levels of LDH in mice were significantly reduced by fulvic acid (P < 0.05), which showed significant hepatoprotective activity. The protective activities and preliminary mechanisms of the total extract of ZX, the aqueous extract of ZX, the 30% ethanol extract of ZX, and fulvic acid against hepatocellular injury in vitro were further evaluated by using the H2O2-induced hepatocellular injury model. The results showed that the components could significantly inhibit H2O2-induced hepatocellular injury, reduce the levels of ALT, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and LDH, improve the survival rate of hepatocellular cells, and reduce the content of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in cell culture. At the same time, it can inhibit hepatocyte apoptosis by increasing the expression ratio of Bcl-2/BAX protein and decreasing the expression ratio of cleaved caspase-3/pro caspase-3 protein. The present study showed that ZX has clear hepatoprotective activity in vitro and in vivo, and the different solvent elution fractions of ZX showed certain hepatoprotective activity, among which the aqueous extract of ZX, 30% ethanol extract of ZX had better hepatoprotective activity, and the activity of 60% ethanol extract of ZX was stronger than that of 95% ethanol extract of ZX. The activity of ZX and its water-soluble elution site exerted hepatoprotective effects by inhibiting hepatocyte apoptosis and oxidative stress. The animals used in this experiment and related disposal meet the requirements of animal welfare, and have been reviewed and approved by the Laboratory Animal Management and Use Committee of the Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (approval number: 00004018).

3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1513-1522, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978814

ABSTRACT

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a procedure to establish a portosystemic shunt between the hepatic vein and the portal vein via the jugular approach, so as to reduce portal venous pressure and control acute esophagogastric variceal bleeding (EGVB). The prognosis of EGVB has been improved significantly over the past few decades, and endoscopic variceal ligation combined with drug therapy is now recommended as the first-line treatment regimen for this disease. The latest research advances in the management of EGVB over the past decade have focused on the relatively new concept of "early" or "pre-emptive" TIPS, that is to say, early TIPS (within 72 hours after admission, ideally within 24 hours) is recommended for patients with EGVB who are at a relatively high risk of failure in standard treatment. This article briefly introduces the effect of early TIPS on controlling bleeding, mortality rate, and hepatic encephalopathy, the high-risk population for early TIPS, timing of intervention, cost effectiveness, the applications of early TIPS in a real-world setting, and recommendations for early TIPS in international guidelines and consensus statements.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 281-285, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990640

ABSTRACT

Surgical resection in patients with advanced primary carcinoma of liver has high risks of early recurrence and incidence of portal vein tumor thrombus, caused by insufficient resi-dual liver volume after two-steps hepatotomy. At present, the treatment for patients with advanced primary carcinoma of liver is limited, thus can't satisfy the requirement of patient for treatment. The authors introduce the clinical experience of a patient with hepatocellular carcinoma and insufficient residual liver volume who underwent preventive immunotherapy plus target therapy after associa-ting liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy, in order to provide reference for relevant treatment.

5.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 633-638, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986831

ABSTRACT

There is a consensus that selectively perform splenic lymph node dissection is necessary for high-risk patients with proximal gastric cancer to achieve radical treatment. However, there are still some outstanding issues that need to be solved during the practice of splenic lymph node dissection. These include poorly defined boundaries, technical difficulties, and blurred boundaries in No. 10 and No. 11 lymph nodes, etc. Membrane anatomy has achieved successful applications in the field of gastric and colorectal surgery in recent years. The study of membrane anatomy in the splenic hilum region is controversial due to the special location of the splenic hilum, which involves multiple organs and affiliated mesentery undergoing complex rotation, folding, and fusion during embryonic development. In this manuscript, we summarize the following points based on existing research and personal experience regarding membrane anatomy. 1. There is a membrane anatomical structure that can be used for lymph node dissection in the splenic hilum region. 2. The membrane structure in the splenic hilum region can be divided into two layers: the superficial layer is composed of the dorsal mesogastrium, and the deep layer is composed of Gerota fascia, the tail of the pancreas, and the mesentery of the transverse colon (from head to tail). 3. There is a loose space between the two layers that can be used for separation during surgery. The resection of the dorsal mesogastrium belongs to D2 dissection. The No. 10 lymph node in the deeper layer belongs to the duodenal mesentery, and the resection of the No.10 lymph node exceeds D2 dissection. The complete excision of the gastric dorsal mesentery is consistent with the D2+CME surgical mode proposed by Gong Jianping's group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Laparoscopy , Gastrectomy , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymph Node Excision
6.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 115-117, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928478

ABSTRACT

It is extremely dangerous to treat the posterior third of the superior sagittal sinus (PTSSS) surgically, since it is usually not completely ligated. In this report, the authors described the case of a 27-year-old man with a ruptured and defective PTSSS caused by an open depressed skull fracture, which was treated by ligation of the PTSSS and the patient achieved a positive recovery. The patient's occiput was hit by a height-limiting rod and was in a mild coma. A CT scan showed an open depressed skull fracture overlying the PTSSS and a diffuse brain swelling. He underwent emergency surgery. When the skull fragments were removed, a 4 cm segment of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) and the adjacent dura mater were removed together with bone fragments. Haemorrhage occurred and blood pressure dropped. We completed the operation by ligating the severed ends of the fractured sagittal sinus. One month after the operation, apart from visual field defects, he recovered well. In our opinion, in primary hospitals, when patients with severely injured PTSSS cannot sustain a long-time and complicated operation, e.g., the bypass using venous graft, and face life-threatening conditions, ligation of the PTSSS is another option, which may unexpectedly achieve good results.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Cranial Sinuses , Skull Fracture, Depressed/surgery , Superior Sagittal Sinus/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 72-78, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934592

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the clinical efficacy of umbilical therapy with herbal cakes made of Ge Gen Qin Lian Tang prescription of different dosages in treating damp-heat diarrhea in young children. Methods: Seventy-two kids with diarrhea of damp-heat pattern were recruited and divided into a high-dosage group and a low-dosage group using the random number table method, with 36 cases in each group. They all received conventional antidiarrheal treatment and umbilical application with herbal cakes. However, the herbal cakes for the high-dosage group were made of the mixture of Ge Gen Qin Lian Tang powder and water, and those for the low-dosage group consisted of 10% Ge Gen Qin Lian Tang powder and 90% auxiliary materials (corn starch) plus water. The treatment duration was 3 d. The clinical efficacy, antidiarrheal rate, effective rate for symptoms and signs of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), TCM symptoms score, and safety indicators were compared between the two groups. Results: After the treatment, the TCM symptoms scores dropped significantly in both groups (P<0.01) and were lower in the high-dosage group than in the low-dosage group (P<0.05). The clinical efficacy was more significant in the high-dosage group than in the low-dosage group after the treatment, and the between-group difference was statistically significant (P<0.05); the antidiarrheal rate was markedly higher in the high-dosage group than in the low-dosage group (P<0.05). Regarding the TCM symptoms and signs, the high-dosage group showed better results in improving the greasy and yellowish tongue coating, bowel movement frequency, watery excrement, short and dark urine, red tongue body, red anus, vomiting, bowel sounds, and abdominal bloating compared with the low-dosage group, and the between-group differences were statistically significant (P<0.01). Conclusion: Umbilical therapy with herbal cakes made of Ge Gen Qin Lian Tang is safe, reliable, and effective in treating damp-heat diarrhea in young children; the high-dosage herbal cakes produce more significant efficacy than the low-dosage ones and are worth further investigation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 87-91, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934568

ABSTRACT

Digital reform serves as powerful driver for high-quality development of hospitals. Taking the problems existing in the decision-making mechanism of major issues as a breakthrough, a tertiary hospital used digital thinking to optimize the decision-making mechanism. The hospital took such means as optimizing the rules of procedure, strengthening the pre-decision assessment, clarifying the principle of " two initiatives" , improving the " No.1 issue" system, strengthening the linkage between the Party committee and meeting the president′s office meeting, and standardizing the supervision and implementation. By such means, the hospital successfully built a smart, efficient, coordinated, and closed-loop operation and management system, desirably strengthening the leadership and core role of the Party committee, enhancing the president′s overall management of business work, as well as improving the decision completion rate and feedback rate.

9.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 502-508, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955999

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between blood electrolytes and the prognosis of patients with severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to provide assistance for clinical decision-making.Methods:The clinical data of patients with severe COVID-19 admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the Wuhan Third Hospital by the Shanghai aid-Hubei medical team from January 21 to March 4, 2020 were collected. Excluding ineligible patients, 110 patients were finally enrolled. The patients' gender, age, temperature, heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, clinical symptoms at admission, time of symptom onset, duration of fever, and relevant indicators at admission to ICU (including blood potassium, chloride, sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium, etc.) and prognosis were analyzed. The patients were grouped by blood potassium or calcium levels or blood potassium/calcium ratio. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves were used to analyze the survival of patients in each group. The relationship between the potassium/calcium ratio and the prognosis was analyzed using restricted cubic spline plots. The relationship between each index in the different models and the prognosis was analyzed using Cox regression models.Results:Among 110 severe COVID-19 patients, 78 cases survived, and 32 cases died. Compared with the surviving group, patients in the death group had higher blood potassium levels [mmol/L: 4.25 (3.80, 4.65) vs. 3.90 (3.60, 4.20), P < 0.05] and lower blood calcium levels (mmol/L: 2.00±0.14 vs. 2.19±0.18, P < 0.05). The Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that patients in the potassium > 4.2 mmol/L group had a worse prognosis than the potassium < 3.8 mmol/L group and the potassium 3.8-4.2 mmol/L group ( P = 0.011), patients in the calcium > 2.23 mmol/L group had a better prognosis than the calcium < 2.03 mmol/L group and the calcium 2.03-2.23 mmol/L group, and the lower calcium group had a worse prognosis ( P = 0.000 15). Cox regression analysis showed that the hazard ratio ( HR) of blood potassium and calcium were 2.08 and 0.01, respectively, in model 1 (single blood potassium or calcium) and in model 2 (model 1 plus age and gender), the HR of blood potassium and calcium were 1.98 and 0.01 respectively, which were significantly associated with patient prognosis (all P < 0.05). Patients in the group with the potassium/calcium ratio > 1.9 had higher blood potassium levels and a higher proportion of mechanical ventilation, lower calcium levels and lower proportion of survival, and longer time of ICU admission compared with the groups with the potassium/calcium ratio < 1.7 and 1.7-1.9. The Kaplan-Meier survival curves showed that the survival rate of the potassium/calcium ratio > 1.9 group was the lowest ( P < 0.000 1), and there was no statistically significant difference in survival between the potassium/calcium ratio < 1.7 group and the potassium/calcium ratio 1.7-1.9 group. A restricted cubic spline plot corrected for age and gender showed that patients in the potassium/calcium ratio > 1.8 group had HR values > 1. Cox regression analysis corrected for other indicators showed that the potassium/calcium ratio was still associated with patient prognosis ( HR = 4.85, P = 0.033). Conclusions:Blood potassium, calcium, and the potassium/calcium ratio at ICU admission are related to the prognosis of patients with severe COVID-19, and the potassium/calcium ratio is an independent risk factor for the death of patients. The higher the potassium/calcium ratio, the worse the prognosis of patients.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1517-1520, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of knowledge tree combined with problem-based learning (PBL) in the practice teaching of anesthesiology under the concept of multi-disciplinary team (MDT).Methods:A total of 60 students who practiced in the Department of Anesthesiology in Jiangsu Province Hospital from January 2019 to June 2019 were taken as the control group, and the traditional teaching was adopted; another 60 students who practiced from July 2019 to December 2019 were taken as the research group, and the knowledge tree combined with PBL under the MDT concept was conducted for the teaching. The two groups' test scores, clinical abilities and teaching satisfaction were compared between the two groups. SPSS 26.0 was used for t-test, Chi-square test and rank-sum test. Results:After the internship, the test scores of the students in the research group were higher than those in the control group ( P < 0.05); the clinical ability of the two groups were both improved compared to before the training, and the research group was superior to the control group ( P < 0.05); the satisfaction rate of internship students in the research group was 93.33% (56/60), which was higher than 75.00% (45/60) in the control group. Conclusion:The application of knowledge tree and PBL under the MDT concept in the practice teaching of anesthesiology can improve the performance of the intern students, and effectively improve the self-learning ability, communication and expression ability and teamwork ability of the interns, with obvious practice effect.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 452-455, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958809

ABSTRACT

Venous thromboembolism(VTE)is a high mortality disease involving multiple factors, and public hospitals assume the main responsibility for the diagnosis and treatment of VTE. Based on the concept of taking patients as the center, Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital improved the system design and digital level, and carried out digital practices such as patient timeline management, high-risk patient management, VTE special disease bank, and auxiliary decision-making system. The hospital evaluation rate and prevention rate continued to increase, the follow-up effect was good, and the workload of medical staff was reduced and satisfaction rate was improved.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1995-2000, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936978

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of nivolumab combined with ipilimumab in the first-line treatment of unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). METHODS From the perspective of healthcare system ,a partitioned survival model were developed ,the cost-effectiveness of nivolumab combined with ipilimumab (dual-immunotherapy plan )versus chemotherapy in the first-line treatment of unresectable MPM by cost-utility analysis. Clinical trial data were collected from CheckMate 743 study. Direct medical cost included drug costs ,disease management cost and cost of treatment of adverse reactions. Costs and utilities were discounted at an annual rate of 5%. The willingness to pay threshold was 3 times of gross domestic product (GDP)per capita in 2021 [242 928 yuan/QALY(quality-adjusted life year )]. Scenario analysis was used to analyze and compare the two regimens under the scenario of complimentary drug for patients in dual-immunotherapy group. The robustness of the findings was evaluated by one-way sensitivity analysis and probabilistic sensitivity analysis. RESULTS Baseline analysis results showed that total cost of dual-immunotherapy regimen was higher than that of chemotherapy regimen ,and the utility was also better than that of chemotherapy plan ;the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER)was 417 122.2 yuan/QALY,which was higher than the willingness to pay threshold ;the dual-immunotherapy regimen was not cost-effective compared to the chemotherapy regimen. Under the scenario of complimentary drug ,the cost of dual-immunotherapy was 327 454.5 yuan,ICER was 75 664.1 yuan/QALY,which was lower than the willingness to pay threshold and resulted in a reversal of the baseline analysis. One-way sensitivity analysis showed that under the health states of progression free survival and progressive disease ,utility value and the price of nivolumab had a greater impact on the ICER value. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed that the results of baseline analysis were robust. CONCLUSIONS At a 163.com willingness to pay threshold of 3 times of GDP per capita in nivolumab combined with ipilimumab is not cost-effective compared with chemotherapy regimen in the first-line treatment of unresectable MPM. However ,if patients receive complimentary drugs ,the dual-immunotherapy regimen is cost-effective.

13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 564-572, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878081

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The pathogenesis of osteosarcoma (OS) is still unclear, and it is still necessary to find new targets and drugs for anti-OS. This study aimed to investigate the role and mechanism of the anti-OS effects of miR-296-5p.@*METHODS@#We measured the expression of miR-296-5p in human OS cell lines and tissues. The effect of miR-296-5p and its target gene staphylococcal nuclease and tudor domain containing 1 on proliferation, migration, and invasion of human OS lines was examined. The Student's t test was used for statistical analysis.@*RESULTS@#We found that microRNA (miR)-296-5p was significantly downregulated in OS cell lines and tissues (control vs. OS, 1.802 ± 0.313 vs. 0.618 ± 0.235, t = 6.402, P < 0.01). Overexpression of miR-296-5p suppressed proliferation, migration, and invasion of OA cells. SND1 was identified as a target of miR-296-5p by bioinformatic analysis and dual-luciferase reporter assay. Overexpression of SND1 abrogated the effects induced by miR-296-5p upregulation (miRNA-296-5p vs. miRNA-296-5p + SND1, 0.294 ± 0.159 vs. 2.300 ± 0.277, t = 12.68, P = 0.003).@*CONCLUSION@#Our study indicates that miR-296-5p may function as a tumor suppressor by targeting SND1 in OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Endonucleases/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , MicroRNAs/genetics , Osteosarcoma/genetics
14.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 220-224, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985212

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the application value of automatic nucleic acid extractor combined with vacuum concentrator in forensic DNA extraction. Methods Gradient samples of human peripheral venous blood were collected at 40, 80, 120, 160, 200, 240, 280 and 320 fold dilution. The samples of each gradient were treated with no inhibitor, black oil, rust, fruit acid, tin foil and indigo, respectively. The automatic nucleic acid extractor was used for DNA purification and extraction of the above samples. The extracted DNA eluent (6 μL) was taken for amplification directly, and the rest was concentrated by vacuum concentrator. DNA was amplified and examined using the Investigator 26plex QS kit before and after concentration. Results Only gradient samples treated with fruit acid obtained complete STR typing results at 40 fold dilution. The other 5 methods obtained complete STR typing results at 40-160 fold dilution. The results of STR typing after DNA concentration showed that the average peak height and detection rates of gene loci both increased to a certain extent, but the effect was not obvious. Conclusion The automatic nucleic acid extractor has an efficient inhibitor removal ability and high extracting efficiency of DNA. The vacuum concentrator can concentrate DNA samples to a certain extent. Combining the automatic nucleic acid extractor with the vacuum concentrator can improve the examination success rate of forensic materials.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA/genetics , DNA Fingerprinting , Microsatellite Repeats , Nucleic Acids , Vacuum
15.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 453-460, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888575

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Lung cancer is the leading cause of death worldwide, and lung adenocarcinoma is the main subtype of lung cancer. DEP domain-containing 1 (DEPDC1) has been proved to be closely related to the occurrence and development of most tumors, and the overexpression of DEPDC1 in lung adenocarcinoma has been preliminarily confirmed. This study aims to explore the relationship between the expression of DEPDC1 and the clinical prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma, and to preliminarily explore the possibility of DEPDC1 as a potential biomarker and therapeutic target of lung adenocarcinoma.@*METHODS@#The bioinformatics website GEPIA database was used to collect relevant information, and the prognostic was analyzed online. Patient data were collected for statistical analysis, and immunohistochemical staining was performed on the collected samples. Subsequently, lung adenocarcinoma cells were cultured in vitro, and the knockout efficiency was verified by Western blot and reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR), and cell proliferation experiments were performed.@*RESULTS@#The expression of DEPDC1 in lung adenocarcinoma tissues is significantly higher than that in adjacent normal tissues. The high expression of DEPDC1 is correlated with the tumor size and clinical stage of lung adenocarcinoma and knocking down DEPDC1 inhibits the proliferation of A549 and H1975 cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#DEPDC1 plays an important role in the progression and evolution of lung adenocarcinoma. And it is expected to become an important therapeutic target and a potential new biomarker for lung adenocarcinoma.

16.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 514-517, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912791

ABSTRACT

The construction of safe hospital is the foundation of high-quality development of the hospital, and innovation provides power for the construction of safe hospital from the perspective of high-quality development. Taking Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital as an example, the authors introduced the innovation construction path of safe hospital in detail, and put forward the construction strategy of safe hospital with " two hearts" (patient-centered, employee-centered)and " four wings" (multimedia doctor-patient communication, Wulin aunt medical studio, integrated operation safety inspection, third-party medical liability insurance). Through the combination of basic safety management and innovative practice, the hospital vigorously promoted the culture of " two hearts" , and established an efficient collaborative information management system, so as to form replicable and promotable practical experience and promote the development of safe hospital.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 127-129, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912706

ABSTRACT

The existing doctor-patient communication pattern often falls prey to insufficient informed consent and even medical disputes. In the patient centered perspective, Zhejiang Provincial People′s Hospital explored a new communication mode centering on patients. Based on diagnosis-related groups catalogues and high-frequency surgeries catalogues of the departments, multimedia technology was called into play to produce dubbed PPTs and videos that were easy to understand, standardized and homogeneous, which were embedded into medical records system. Following observation of the PPT or video, patients could directly sign an informed consent on the computer. This practice not only deepens patient′s understanding and achieves homogeneous level of the communication, but also elevates doctor′s work efficiency, contributing to building a harmonious doctor-patient relationship.

18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 717-724, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888346

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the changes of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and nerve function in patients with spinal tuberculosis before and after surgery, explore the timing of surgical intervention, and evaluate its influence on surgical safety.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on 387 patients with spinal tuberculosis who received surgical treatment from March 2012 to March 2017, including 278 males and 109 females, aged 12 to 86 years old with an average of (49.9±19.1) years. There were 64 cases of cervical tuberculosis, 86 cases of thoracic tuberculosis, 76 cases of thoracolumbar tuberculosis and 161 cases of lumbar tuberculosis. There were 297 patients with single segmental involvementand 90 patients with multiple segmental involvement. Among them, 62 cases presented neurological damage, and preoperative spinal cord neurological function depended on ASIA grade, 5 cases of grade A, 8 cases of grade B, 39 cases of grade C, and 10 cases of grade D. According to the duration of preoperative antituberculosis treatment, the patients were divided into group A (256 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for 2-4 weeks before surgery) and group B (131 cases, receiving conventional quadruple antituberculosis treatment for more than 4 weeks before surgery). The two groups were compared in terms of gender, age, preoperative complicated pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion scope, surgical approach, drug resistance and other general clinical characteristics. ESR, CRP, visual analogue scale(VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Frankel grade and postoperative complications were observed.@*RESULTS@#All 387 patients were followed up for 12 to 36 (18.3±4.5) months. There were no significant differences in gender, age, preoperative pulmonary tuberculosis, lesion site, lesion range, surgical approach, preoperative drug resistance and other characteristics between two groups. A total of 32 patients in two groups did not heal after surgery, with an incidence rate of 8.27%. The VAS and spinal cord dysfunction index of the two groups were significantly improved after surgery (@*CONCLUSION@#After 2-4 weeks of anti tuberculosis treatment before operation, patients with spinal tuberculosis could be operated upon with ESR and CRP in a descending or stable period. In principle, patients with spinal tuberculosis and paraplegia should be treated as soon as possible after active preoperative management of the complication without emergency surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Blood Sedimentation , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Thoracic Vertebrae , Tuberculosis, Spinal/surgery
19.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 910-914, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933594

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate intestinal stenting in patients of left colon cancer complicated with acute intestinal obstruction and analyze its short-term and long-term efficacy.Methods:Sixty patients who suffered from left colon cancer complicated with acute intestinal obstruction at the First Department of General surgery, Chengdu Second People's Hospital from Sep 2016 to Sep 2019 were retrospectively enrolled. According to treatment methods, the patients were divided into the stent implantation staged surgery group (24 patients ) and the control group receiving emergency surgery (36 patients).Results:There was no significant difference in perioperative course between the two groups. There was no significant difference in three year overall survival rate or recurrence and metastasis rate between the two groups. Preoperative bowel preparation rate in stent implantation group was obviously higher than the control group (100% vs. 44%, P=0.000). The laparoscopic surgery rate of the stent implantation group was higher than the control group (21% vs. 0, χ2=9.857, P=0.002). The enterostomy rate of the stent implantation group was lower than the control group (0 vs. 19%, χ2=10.237, P=0.005). There was a higher rate of one-stage excision and anastomosis in the stent implantation group than in the control group (100% vs. 81%, χ2=7.760, P=0.005).There was a higher lymph nodes deissection rate in the stent implantation group than in the control group, [11(7-14) vs. 6(3-10), Z=-2.672, P=0.006]. Conclusions:For patients who suffered from left colon cancer complicated with acute intestinal obstruction, the intestinal stent can improve the bowel preparation to a greater extent, which can increase the proportion of one-stage anastomosis and reduce enterostomy rate.

20.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 412-418, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828152

ABSTRACT

Electroencephalography (EEG) signals are strongly correlated with human emotions. The importance of nodes in the emotional brain network provides an effective means to analyze the emotional brain mechanism. In this paper, a new ranking method of node importance, weighted -order propagation number method, was used to design and implement a classification algorithm for emotional brain networks. Firstly, based on DEAP emotional EEG data, a cross-sample entropy brain network was constructed, and the importance of nodes in positive and negative emotional brain networks was sorted to obtain the feature matrix under multi-threshold scales. Secondly, feature extraction and support vector machine (SVM) were used to classify emotion. The classification accuracy was 83.6%. The results show that it is effective to use the weighted -order propagation number method to extract the importance characteristics of brain network nodes for emotion classification, which provides a new means for feature extraction and analysis of complex networks.

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