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1.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 874-879, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007861

ABSTRACT

Leclercia adecarboxylata is a Gram-negative bacterium belonging to the Enterobacteriaceae family. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a carbapenem-resistant L. adecarboxylata strain isolated from a healthy newborn. The L. adecarboxylata strain isolated in this study carried four plasmids that may serve as reservoirs for antibiotic resistance genes. Plasmids 2 and 4 did not harbor any antimicrobial resistance genes. Plasmid 3 is a novel plasmid containing three resistance genes. The bla IMP gene harbored in the strain was most similar to bla IMP-79 at the nucleotide level, with a similarity of 99.4% (737/741). This case highlights the importance of considering L. adecarboxylata as a potential cause of infections in children.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Child , Humans , Female , Enterobacteriaceae Infections/microbiology , Enterobacteriaceae/genetics , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Plasmids
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 58-65, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971003

ABSTRACT

Congenital bilateral absence of the vas deferens (CBAVD) is observed in 1%-2% of males presenting with infertility and is clearly associated with cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) mutations. CFTR is one of the most well-known genes related to male fertility. The frequency of CFTR mutations or impaired CFTR expression is increased in men with nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). CFTR mutations are highly polymorphic and have established ethnic specificity. Compared with F508Del in Caucasians, the p.G970D mutation is reported to be the most frequent CFTR mutation in Chinese patients with cystic fibrosis. However, whether p.G970D participates in male infertility remains unknown. Herein, a loss-of-function CFTR p.G970D missense mutation was identified in a patient with CBAVD and NOA. Subsequent retrospective analysis of 122 Chinese patients with CBAVD showed that the mutation is a common pathogenic mutation (4.1%, 5/122), excluding polymorphic sites. Furthermore, we generated model cell lines derived from mouse testes harboring the homozygous Cftr p.G965D mutation equivalent to the CFTR variant in patients. The Cftr p.G965D mutation may be lethal in spermatogonial stem cells and spermatogonia and affect the proliferation of spermatocytes and Sertoli cells. In spermatocyte GC-2(spd)ts (GC2) Cftr p.G965D cells, RNA splicing variants were detected and CFTR expression decreased, which may contribute to the phenotypes associated with impaired spermatogenesis. Thus, this study indicated that the CFTR p.G970D missense mutation might be a pathogenic mutation for CBAVD in Chinese males and associated with impaired spermatogenesis by affecting the proliferation of germ cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Mice , Male , Mutation, Missense , Retrospective Studies , Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator/genetics , Infertility, Male/genetics , Mutation , Vas Deferens/abnormalities , Spermatogenesis/genetics
3.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 118-127, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960676

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the predictive value of preoperative alkaline phosphatase to prealbumin ratio (APR) in prognosis and postoperative complications for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after radical tumor resection. Methods A total of 217 HCC patients who underwent radical tumor resection in the Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery of the Affiliated Hospital of Southwest Medical University from January 2013 to August 2021 were retrospectively recruited and their clinical data were statistically analyzed. The X-tile software was used to obtain the optimal cutoff value of APR. The χ 2 test was conducted to analyze association between preoperative APR and other clinicopathological characteristics. The Kaplan-Meier curve was plotted and the Log-rank test was performed to analyze survival of patients. The univariate and multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to analysis factors affecting the prognosis of HCC patients. The univariate analysis and multivariate Logistic regression were used to identify factors related with postoperative complications. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine the predicting value of APR. Results The optimal cutoff value for APR ratio was 0.5 and these 217 patients were divided into the low- and high APR groups (111 vs 106 cases) accordingly. Compared with the low-APR group, the proportion of patients with ALT (> 50 U/L), Alb (< 40 g/L), the CNLC of the III stage, open surgery, liver cirrhosis, multiple tumor lesions, postoperative complication, and major complication were significantly increased in the high-APR patients (all P < 0.05). Moreover, the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS were 86.0%, 74.9%, and 71.3%, respectively in the low-APR patients, while the numbers were 79.2%, 57.5%, and 47.0%, respectively, in the high-APR patients, indicating that patients in high-APR group had significantly worse OS ( P =0.002). AFP ( HR =1.774, 95% CI : 1.107-2.843, P =0.017), CNLC stage ( HR =2.708, 95% CI : 1.514-4.844, P =0.001), tumor size ( HR =1.696, 95% CI : 1.060-2.714, P =0.028), and APR ( HR =2.022, 95% CI : 1.244-3.285, P =0.004) were all independent risk predictors for OS. The 1-, 3-, and 5-year RFS were 82.3%, 69.4%, and 61.3%, respectively, in the low-APR patients, whereas the numbers were 76.2%, 54.4%, and 44.2%, respectively in the high-APR patients, suggesting that high-APR patients had significantly worse recurrence-free survival ( P =0.016). The CNLC stage ( HR =2.509, 95% CI : 1.423-4.422, P =0.001), tumor size ( HR =1.725, 95% CI : 1.119-2.660, P =0.014), and APR ( HR =1.619: 95% CI : 1.037-2.527, P =0.034) were all independent FRS predictors. Hypertension ( OR =3.09, 95% CI : 1.385-6.893, P =0.006), open surgery ( OR =4.198, 95% CI : 1.779-9.907, P =0.001), liver cirrhosis ( OR =2.376, 95% CI : 1.194-4.729, P =0.014), and APR ( OR =2.151, 95% CI : 1.160-3.986, P =0.015) were all independent risk predictors for the postoperative major complications. The AUC for APR, ALP, a nd PA in predicting the major complications was 0.625 (95% CI : 0.547-0.702), 0.613 (95% CI : 0.534-0.693), and 0.554 (0.474-0.634). Conclusion Preoperative APR could be used to predict prognosis and postoperative major complications of HCC patients after radical tumor resection.

4.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 156-161, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986764

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo clarify the relationship between childhood maltreatment and insomnia in middle school students, and to explore the mediating role of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and the moderating role of mental resilience involvement. MethodsFrom April to May 2021, a total of 3 412 students in 3 middle schools in a city in western China were selected using convenient sampling method, and all students were assessed by Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Scale (PCL), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) and mental resilience scale. The moderated mediating effect analysis was conducted using Process v3.4. ResultsAmong the middle school students, CTQ scores were positively correlated with PCL and ISI scores (r=0.540, 0.320, P<0.05), and the scores of CTQ, PCL and ISI were negatively correlated with the score of mental resilience scale (r=-0.049, -0.193, -0.132, P<0.05). PTSD symptoms exhibited a partial mediating effect on the relationship between general childhood maltreatment and insomnia (β=0.161, P<0.05), accounting for 80.5% of the total effect. ConclusionAmong the middle school students, the relationship between childhood maltreatment and insomnia is partially mediated via PTSD symptoms, and mental resilience exerts a moderating role between childhood maltreatment and PTSD symptoms.

5.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 446-450, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985781

ABSTRACT

The incidence of parastomal hernia is substantially high, significantly affecting the quality of life of patients with stoma. How to effectively solve the problem of parastomal hernia is a long-term focus of hernia and abdominal wall surgery and colorectal surgery. The European Hernia Society guidelines on prevention and treatment of parastomal hernia published in 2018 has recommended the use of a prophylactic mesh to prevent parastomal hernia for the first time. In the following 5 years, more randomized controlled trials of multi-center, large-sample, double-blind, long-term follow-up have been published, and no significant effect of mesh prophylaxis has been observed on the incidence of parastomal hernia. However, whether mesh could decrease surgical intervention by limiting the symptoms of parastomal hernias would become a potential value of prophylaxis, which requires further research to elucidate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hernia, Ventral/surgery , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Incisional Hernia/prevention & control , Surgical Stomas/adverse effects , Evidence-Based Medicine , Colostomy/adverse effects , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 624-628, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985537

ABSTRACT

Objective: We analyze the characteristics of Clostridioides difficile (C. difficile) infection among diarrhea patients in Kunming from 2018 to 2020 and provide evidence for follow-up surveillance and prevention. Methods: A total of 388 fecal samples of diarrhea patients from four sentinel hospitals in Yunnan Province from 2018 to 2020 were collected. Real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect the fecal toxin genes of C. difficile. The positive fecal samples isolated the bacteria, and isolates were identified by mass spectrometry. The genomic DNA of the strains was extracted for multi-locus sequence typing (MLST). The fecal toxin, strain isolation, and clinical patient characteristics, including co-infection with other pathogens, were analyzed. Results: Among the 388 fecal samples, 47 samples with positive reference genes of C. difficile were positive, with a total positive rate of 12.11%. There were 4 (8.51%) non-toxigenic and 43 (91.49%) toxigenic ones. A total of 18 strains C. difficile were isolated from 47 positive specimens, and the isolation rate of positive specimens was 38.30%. Among them, 14 strains were positive for tcdA, tcdB, tcdC, tcdR, and tcdE. All 18 strains of C. difficile were negative for binary toxins. The MLST results showed 10 sequence types (ST), including 5 strains of ST37, accounting for 27.78%; 2 strains of ST129, ST3, ST54, and ST2, respectively; and 1 strain of ST35, ST532, ST48, ST27, and ST39, respectively. Fecal toxin gene positive (tcdB+) results were statistically associated with the patient's age group and with or without fever before the visit; positive isolates were only statistically associated with the patient's age group. In addition, some C. difficile patients have co-infection with other diarrhea-related viruses. Conclusions: The infection of C. difficile in diarrhea patients in Kunming is mostly toxigenic strains, and the high diversity of strains was identified using the MLST method. Therefore, the surveillance and prevention of C. difficile should be strengthened.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacterial Toxins/genetics , Enterotoxins/genetics , Clostridioides difficile/genetics , Multilocus Sequence Typing , Coinfection , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , China/epidemiology , Clostridium Infections/epidemiology , Diarrhea/microbiology
7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 396-404, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965707

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research is to identify the chemical constituents of sea buckthorn leaves extract (SBLE) and explore its hypoglycemic biological activity. SBLE was prepared by hot reflux extraction with 65% ethanol, and its chemical composition was analyzed by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry (UHPLC-PDA-MS/MS) system. The animal experiments were compliant with ethical principles for animal use and had been approved by the Animal Experiment Ethics Committee of Jinan University. Mice were injected with streptozocin (STZ) to establish a hyperglycemic animal model, and SBLE (1.5 g·kg-1) was administered by gavage for 5 weeks. The fasting blood glucose (FBG) and oral glucose tolerance were detected. Normal mice were given SBLE (1.5 g·kg-1) by intragastric administration for 10 days, and blood was collected from the tail vein to detect the changes in blood glucose within 120 min after sucrose or starch loading. The mucous membrane of the small intestine of mice was taken to detect the activity of α-glucosidase (AG), and the activity of yeast-derived AG incubated with SBLE was evaluated. The glucose uptake by Caco-2 cells treated with SBLE was detected by fluorescence microscopy and cytometry, and the gene expression of sodium-dependent glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) and glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) in Caco-2 cells were detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR). A total of 18 compounds were identified, mainly including tannins and flavonoids. SBLE reduced FBG and increased oral glucose tolerance in STZ hyperglycemic mice. SBLE effectively inhibited the increase of blood glucose caused by starch intake in normal mice. SBLE exerted good inhibitory activity on yeast-derived AG (IC50 = 16.94 μg·mL-1) and small intestinal mucosa AG with an inhibition rate of 15.48%. SBLE (25-100 μg·mL-1) dose-dependently inhibited glucose uptake by Caco-2 cells, and SBLE significantly reduced the mRNA level of SGLT1 without changing the expression of GLUT2. In conclusion, the UHPLC characteristic fingerprint of SBLE is established with 18 chemical components identified by mass spectrometry, and SBLE exerts hypoglycemic effect by inhibiting the activity of AG and the absorption of glucose by intestinal epithelial cells.

8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1309-1314, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009986

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the expression level of HK2 gene in the bone marrow of newly diagnosed patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and investigate its influence on the clinical characteristics and prognosis.@*METHODS@#The expression level of HK2 gene in the bone marrow of 90 newly diagnosed patients with AML that accompanying clinical characteristics and survival status were detected by RT-qPCR, and compared with 18 allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) donors. The Chi-square test, Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, and Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to analyze the correlation of HK2 expression level with clinical characteristics and prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Compared with allo-HSCT donors, the HK2 expression was significantly increased in newly diagnosed AML patients (P <0.01). Compared with patients with total response (OR, complete response + complete response with incomplete hematologic recovery) after 2 courses of induction chemotherapy, the expression of HK2 in patients without OR was significantly increased (P <0.05). There was a significant difference in the relative expression of HK2 between patients with and without OR after 2 courses of induction therapy (P <0.001). The median survival time of patients with high expression of HK2 was significantly shorter than that of patients with low expression of HK2 (P <0.05). The multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis showed that prognostic stratification, the expression level of HK2, and whether two courses of induction therapy achieved OR were independent factors affecting the prognosis of AML patients (P <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with allo-HSCT donors, the expression level of HK2 gene is increased in the bone marrow of newly diagnosed AML patients. The prognosis of patients with high expression of HK2 is poor. The expression level of HK2 is an independent factor affecting the prognosis of AML patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous/adverse effects
9.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 708-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore asurgical methods for replantation of severed finger.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to November 2022, 8 amputated-finger patients were performed surgical reconstructions by using polyfoliate free flaps with the first dorsal metatarsal artery, including 7 males and 1 female, aged from 20 to 55 years old, and defect areas ranged from (1.0 to 2.0) cm×(3.0 to 4.5) cm. Finger pulp sensation, shape and other relevant parameters were assessed following the upper extremity functional evaluation standard, which was put forward by Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association. And maryland foot functional score was used to evaluate foot function.@*RESULTS@#Amputated fingers and flaps of all the 8 patients were survived. All patients were followed up for 4 to 20 months, their finger color and temperature tured to normal, with good wear-resistance and cold-resistance. According to Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association, functional score ranged 61 to 92;4 patients got excellent result and 4 good. Maryland foot functional score ranged from 93 to 100;and 8 patients got excellent result.@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible to repair severed fingers with soft tissue defects using polyfoliate free flaps that driven by the flippers of the first and second toes of the foot. This method ccould bridge blood vessels, increase soft tissue volume of the injured finger, and avoid finger shortening, with high patient satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Foot/surgery , Lower Extremity , Surgical Flaps , Toes , Plastic Surgery Procedures
10.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 277-280, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987417

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the anxiety and depression status of the third-year junior high school students in Nanning city, and to discuss their relationships with test anxiety, so as to provide references for targeted psychological intervention for students. MethodsFrom May to June, 2021, a simple random sampling method was adopted to randomly enroll three classes of third-grade students from one junior high school in each district and county of Nanning city. The selected students were assessed using Test Anxiety Scale (TAS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). Thereafter, Pearson correlation analysis was conducted to explore the correlation among each scale score. ResultsA total of 2 080 students participated in the survey, and 1 826 (87.79%) valid questionnaires were collected. Among them, 999 students (54.71%) felt uncomfortable due to the test. Anxiety and depression were detected in 577 (31.60%) and 830 (45.45%) students, respectively. TAS score of female students was higher than that of male students [(16.75±6.78) vs. (15.08±6.97), t=-5.136, P<0.01], SAS score of female students was higher than that of male students [(46.05±10.43) vs. (44.16±10.87), t=-3.769, P<0.01], and SDS score of female students was higher than that of male students [(52.34±12.44) vs. (49.98±12.17), t=-4.039, P<0.01]. Correlation analysis showed that SAS and SDS scores were positively correlated with TAS score (r=0.574, 0.531, P<0.01), and the correlation still existed after further controlling for age and gender (r=0.570, 0.526, P<0.01). ConclusionThe third-year junior high school students in Nanning city suffer a high prevalence rate of anxiety and depression, and the two psychological states have positive relations with TAS. Furthermore, both anxiety and depression are more severe in female students than in male students.

11.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 117-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011617

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To compare the anesthestic effects of ultrasound-guided retrolaminal block (RLB) and local anesthesia during posterior approach vertebral surgery. 【Methods】 Forty patients (ASA physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ) scheduled for transforaminal lumbar spine endoscopic surgery were recruited and randomly divided into two groups (n=20): RLB group and local anesthesia group (Group C). RLB group received the ultrasound-guided retrolaminar block using parasagittal in plane method by an anesthesiologist while Group C received layer-by-layer local infiltration anesthesia according to the operation location; 0.5% ropivacaine of 20 mL was used in the two groups. We recorded visual analogue score (VAS) and Ramsay sedation score at admission (T0), during skin incision (T1), puncture (T2), foraminoplasty (T3), nerve root decompression (T4) and suture (T5). We also recorded remedial analgesia rate, scores of the patients’ satisfaction and the intraoperative occurrence of side effects (respiratory depression, tachycardia and hypertension). The patients were followed up. Their functional status was assessed by the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) score before surgery and three months after surgery. 【Results】 Compared with Group C, RLB group had significantly decreased visual analogue score at T2-4 and lower remedial analgesia rate (P<0.05). The patients’ satisfaction was higher in group RLB than in Group C (P<0.05). The intraoperative occurrence of hypertension and tachycardia were significantly lower in RLB group than in Group C (P<0.05). ODI score was significantly decreased three months after surgery in both groups (P<0.05), but it did not differ significantly between the two groups (P>0.05). 【Conclusion】 Ultrasound-guided RLB can provide satisfactory analgesia with greater safety when trasforaminal endoscopic surgery is used.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 219-226, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940537

ABSTRACT

Major depressive disorder (MDD) is an affective disorder characterized by significant and long-lasting depression, hypoactivity, and thinking and cognitive retardation. Some patients may conduct self-hram or suicide and have delusion, hallucination, and other mental symptoms. MDD is believed to be correlated with brain and heart, but there is no complete theory or mechanism fully explaining the pathogenesis of MDD. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) holds that the brain and heart dominate the formation of and change in mind, and MDD falls into the category of mental disease. It is mainly diagnosed as depression, visceral agitation, or Lily disease. Triple energizer is a key zang-fu organ that governs Qi transformation. There has always been some controversy about its anatomical structure. In recent years, important progress has been made in the research on the substantive structure of triple energizer. It is found that the structure and function of triple energizer are highly consistent to those of "mesenchyme", a fluid space supported by a complex network of collagen fibers and widely distributed throughout the body. Different from known tissues and organs, it is a large organ responsible for information communication, material exchange, and energy metabolism. The triple energizer is partially contained in the structure of brain and heart and connects with the brain and heart, thus forming a "brain-heart-triple energizer" system with close physiological and pathological connections. With the association of "brain-heart-triple energizer" as the basis and Qi transformation as the core link, this paper elucidated the pathogenesis of MD and put forward that MDD resulted from "brain and heart Yang deficiency and Qi depression due to triple energizer obstruction", so as to improve TCM understanding of the pathogenesis of MDD and perfect the TCM theories of encephalopathy and triple energizer.

13.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 172-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940532

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the guidance value of “treatment of disease in accordance with three conditions” theory in the prevention and treatment of corona virus disease 2019(COVID-19) based on the differences of syndromes and traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatments in COVID-19 patients from Xingtai Hospital of Chinese Medicine of Hebei province and Ruili Hospital of Chinese Medicine and Dai Medicine of Yunnan province and discuss its significance in the prevention and treatment of the unexpected acute infectious diseases. MethodDemographics data and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 patients from the two hospitals were collected retrospectively and analyzed by SPSS 18.0. The information on formulas was obtained from the hospital information system (HIS) of the two hospitals and analyzed by the big data intelligent processing and knowledge service system of Guangdong Hospital of Chinese Medicine for frequency statistics and association rules analysis. Heat map-hierarchical clustering analysis was used to explore the correlation between clinical characteristics and formulas. ResultA total of 175 patients with COVID-19 were included in this study. The 70 patients in Xingtai,dominated by young and middle-aged males,had clinical symptoms of fever, abnormal sweating,and fatigue. The main pathogenesis is stagnant cold-dampness in the exterior and impaired yin by depressed heat, with manifest cold, dampness, and deficiency syndromes. The therapeutic methods highlight relieving exterior syndrome and resolving dampness, accompanied by draining depressed heat. The core Chinese medicines used are Poria,Armeniacae Semen Amarum,Gypsum Fibrosum,Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium,and Pogostemonis Herba. By contrast,the 105 patients in Ruili, dominated by young females, had atypical clinical symptoms, and most of them were asymptomatic patients or mild cases. The main pathogenesis is dampness obstructing the lung and the stomach, with obvious dampness and heat syndromes. The therapeutic methods are mainly invigorating the spleen, resolving dampness, and dispersing Qi with light drugs. The core Chinese medicines used are Poria,Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma,Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma,Coicis Semen,Platycodonis Radix,Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, and Pogostemonis Herba. ConclusionThe differences in clinical characteristics, TCM syndromes, and medication of COVID-19 patients from the two places may result from different regions,population characteristics, and the time point of the COVID-19 outbreak. The “treatment of disease in accordance with three conditions” theory can help to understand the internal correlation and guide the treatments.

14.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 149-160, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927462

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Evidence regarding the efficacy of high-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) oxygenation for preoxygenation and apnoeic oxygenation is conflicting. Our objective is to evaluate whether HFNC oxygenation for preoxygenation and apnoeic oxygenation maintains higher oxygen saturation (SpO2) during rapid sequence intubation (RSI) in ED patients compared to usual care.@*METHODS@#This was a multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial in adult ED patients requiring RSI. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to either intervention (HFNC oxygenation at 60L/min) group or control (non-rebreather mask for preoxygenation and nasal prongs of at least 15L/min oxygen flow for apnoeic oxygenation) group. Primary outcome was lowest SpO2 during the first intubation attempt. Secondary outcomes included incidence of SpO2 falling below 90% and safe apnoea time.@*RESULTS@#One hundred and ninety patients were included, with 97 in the intervention and 93 in the control group. Median lowest SpO2 during the first intubation attempt was 100% in both groups. Incidence of SpO2 falling below 90% was lower in the intervention group (15.5%) compared to the control group (22.6%) (adjusted relative risk=0.68, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.37-1.25). Post hoc quantile regression analysis showed that the first quartile of lowest SpO2 during the first intubation attempt was greater by 5.46% (95% CI 1.48-9.45%, P=0.007) in the intervention group.@*CONCLUSION@#Use of HFNC for preoxygenation and apnoeic oxygenation, when compared to usual care, did not improve lowest SpO2 during the first intubation attempt but may prolong safe apnoea time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Cannula , Emergency Service, Hospital , Intubation, Intratracheal , Rapid Sequence Induction and Intubation , Respiration, Artificial
15.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 359-365, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931948

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mediating role of insomnia between childhood trauma and suicide risk in middle school students.Methods:Childhood trauma questionnaire(CTQ), insomnia severity index(ISI) and suicidal behaviors questionnaire-revised(SBQ-R) were used to investigate 3 442 middle school students.According to the total score of the SBQ-R, those who scored less than or equal to 6 were divided into low suicide risk group, and those who scored more than or equal to 7 were divided into high suicide risk group.In this study, there were 2 168 students in the low suicide risk group and 1 274 students in the high suicide risk group.SPSSAU 21.0 online statistical software was used for common method deviation test, descriptive statistics, variance analysis and correlation analysis, and structural equation model was constructed, and Bootstrap method was used for mediation effect test.Results:(1) There were statistically significant differences between the high suicide risk group and the low suicide risk group in terms of grade and gender( χ2=11.144, 83.737, both P<0.05), and there were statistically significant differences in the types of childhood trauma and the severity of insomnia( χ2=292.211, 333.998, both P<0.05). (2) The total score of childhood trauma in the high suicide risk group (43.92±10.50) was higher than that in the low suicide risk group (37.74±6.93) ( F=351.78, P<0.01), and the score of insomnia in the high suicide risk group (10.66±5.54) was higher than that in the low suicide risk group (7.04±4.76) ( F=379.25, P<0.01). (3)The total score of childhood trauma was positively correlated with the score of suicide risk ( r=0.415, P<0.01), and the total score of childhood trauma was positively correlated with the score of insomnia ( r=0.306, P<0.01), and the score of insomnia was significantly positively correlated with the score of suicide risk ( r=0.399, P<0.01). After controlling for demographic data, anxiety and depression, the correlation was still significant ( P<0.01). (4) Path analysis and mediation test showed that childhood trauma had a positive effect on insomnia ( β=0.30, P<0.01), insomnia had a positive effect on suicide risk ( β=0.29, P<0.01), and childhood trauma had a positive effect on suicide risk ( β=0.33, P<0.01). The mediating effect of insomnia accounted for 21.21% of the total effect.After controlling for demographic data, anxiety and depression, the mediating effect accounted for 10.66% of the total effect. Conclusion:Childhood trauma and insomnia have a significant impact on the suicide risk among middle school students.Insomnia plays a partial mediating role between childhood trauma and middle school students' suicide risk.Timely management of the sleep disturbances of traumatized individuals can reduce the suicide risk among middle school students.

16.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 95-103, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919608

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Acute respiratory viral infections pose significant morbidity and mortality, making it essential to diagnose respiratory viral infections rapidly. In this study, the diagnostic efficacy of the Luminex xTAG Respiratory Virus Panel (RVP) FAST v2 test was evaluated on respiratory viral infections. @*Materials and Methods@#Information was retrieved from electronic databases, including Embase, Web of Science, PubMed, and Cochrane Library, for systematic review. Studies that fulfilled predefined inclusion criteria were included. After the extraction of information, statistical software was utilized for quality evaluation, data analysis, and assessment of publication bias. @*Results@#Eighty groups in fourfold tables from nine articles were included to perform statistical analyses. Therein, the mean specificity and mean sensitivity of Luminex xTAG RVP FAST v2 test for the detection of respiratory viral infections were 0.99 (0.98–0.99) and 0.88 (0.87–0.90), respectively. Additionally, the negative and positive likelihood ratios were 0.14 (0.11–0.19) and 87.42 (61.88– 123.50), respectively. Moreover, the diagnostic odds ratio and area under the curve of summary receiver operating characteristic were 714.80 and 0.9886, respectively. @*Conclusion@#The Luminex xTAG RVP FAST v2 test could be a reliable and rapid diagnostic method for multiple respiratory viral infections.

17.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 462-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936033

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role and mechanism of Vγ4 T cells in impaired wound healing of rapamycin-induced full-thickness skin defects in mice. Methods: The experimental research methods were applied. Eighty-six C57BL/6J male mice (hereinafter briefly referred to as wild-type mice) aged 8-12 weeks were selected for the following experiments. Vγ4 T cells were isolated from axillary lymph nodes of five wild-type mice for the following experiments. Intraperitoneal injection of rapamycin for 42 mice was performed to establish rapamycin-treated mice model for the following experiments. Eighteen wild-type mice were divided into normal control group without any treatment, trauma only group, and trauma+CC chemokine ligand 20 (CCL20) inhibitor group according to the random number table (the same grouping method below), with 6 mice in each group. The full-thickness skin defect wound was made on the back of mice in the latter two groups (the same wound model below), and mice in trauma+CCL20 inhibitor group were continuously injected subcutaneously with CCL20 inhibitor at the wound edge for 3 days after injury. Another 6 rapamycin-treated mice were used to establish wound model as rapamycin+trauma group. On post injury day (PID) 3, the epidermal cells of the skin tissue around the wound of each trauma mice were extracted by enzyme digestion, and the percentage of Vγ4 T cells in the epidermal cells was detected by flow cytometry. In normal control group, the epidermal cells of the normal skin tissue in the back of mice were taken at the appropriate time point for detection as above. Five wild-type mice were used to establish wound models. On PID 3, the epidermal cells were extracted from the skin tissue around the wound. The cell populations were divided into Vγ4 T cells, Vγ3 T cells, and γδ negative cells by fluorescence-activated cell sorter, which were set as Vγ4 T cell group, Vγ3 T cell group, and γδ negative cell group (with cells in each group being mixed with B16 mouse melanoma cells), respectively. B16 mouse melanoma cells were used as melanoma cell control group. The expression of interleukin-22 (IL-22) mRNA in cells of each group was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), with the number of samples being 6. Thirty rapamycin-treated mice were used to establish wound models, which were divided into Vγ4 T cell only group and Vγ4 T cell+IL-22 inhibitor group performed with corresponding injections and rapamycin control group injected with phosphate buffer solution (PBS) immediately after injury, with 10 mice in each group. Another 10 wild-type mice were taken to establish wound models and injected with PBS as wild-type control group. Mice in each group were injected continuously for 6 days. The percentage of wound area of mice in the four groups was calculated on PID 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 after injection on the same day. Six wild-type mice and 6 rapamycin-treated mice were taken respectively to establish wound models as wild-type group and rapamycin group. On PID 3, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-22 and CCL20 in the peri-wound epidermis tissue of mice in the two groups were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively. The Vγ4 T cells were divided into normal control group without any treatment and rapamycin-treated rapamycin group. After being cultured for 24 hours, the mRNA and protein expressions of IL-22 of cells in the two groups were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively, with the number of samples being 6. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, analysis of variance for repeated measurement, one-way analysis of variance, Bonferroni method, Kruskal-Wallis H test, and Wilcoxon rank sum test. Results: The percentage of Vγ4 T cells in the epidermal cells of the skin tissue around the wound of mice in trauma only group on PID 3 was 0.66% (0.52%, 0.81%), which was significantly higher than 0.09% (0.04%, 0.14%) in the epidermal cells of the normal skin tissue of mice in normal control group (Z=4.31, P<0.01). The percentages of Vγ4 T cells in the epidermal cells of the skin tissue around the wound of mice in rapamycin+trauma group and trauma+CCL20 inhibitor group on PID 3 were 0.25% (0.16%, 0.37%) and 0.24% (0.17%, 0.35%), respectively, which were significantly lower than that in trauma only group (with Z values of 2.27 and 2.25, respectively, P<0.05). The mRNA expression level of IL-22 of cells in Vγ4 T cell group was significantly higher than that in Vγ3 T cell group, γδ negative cell group, and melanoma cell control group (with Z values of 2.96, 2.45, and 3.41, respectively, P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with that in wild-type control group, the percentage of wound area of mice in rapamycin control group increased significantly on PID 1-6 (P<0.01), the percentage of wound area of mice in Vγ4 T cell+IL-22 inhibitor group increased significantly on PID 1 and PID 3-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with that in rapamycin control group, the percentage of wound area of mice in Vγ4 T cell only group decreased significantly on PID 1-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Compared with that in Vγ4 T cell only group, the percentage of wound area of mice in Vγ4 T cell+IL-22 inhibitor group increased significantly on PID 3-6 (P<0.05 or P<0.01). On PID 3, compared with those in wild-type group, the expression levels of IL-22 protein and mRNA (with t values of -7.82 and -5.04, respectively, P<0.01) and CCL20 protein and mRNA (with t values of -7.12 and -5.73, respectively, P<0.01) were decreased significantly in the peri-wound epidermis tissue of mice in rapamycin group. After being cultured for 24 hours, the expression levels of IL-22 protein and mRNA in Vγ4 T cells in rapamycin group were significantly lower than those in normal control group (with t values of -7.75 and -6.04, respectively, P<0.01). Conclusions: In mice with full-thickness skin defects, rapamycin may impair the CCL20 chemotactic system by inhibiting the expression of CCL20, leading to a decrease in the recruitment of Vγ4 T cells to the epidermis, and at the same time inhibit the secretion of IL-22 by Vγ4 T cells, thereby slowing the wound healing rate.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Melanoma , Mice, Inbred C57BL , RNA, Messenger , Sirolimus/pharmacology , T-Lymphocytes , Wound Healing
18.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 274-280, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929222

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Acute lung injury (ALI) is a serious respiratory dysfunction caused by pathogen or physical invasion. The strong induced inflammation often causes death. Tanshinone IIA (Tan-IIA) is the major constituent of Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge and has been shown to display anti-inflammatory effects. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of Tan-IIA on ALI.@*METHODS@#A murine model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI was used. The lungs and serum samples of mice were extracted at 3 days after treatment. ALI-induced inflammatory damages were confirmed from cytokine detections and histomorphology observations. Effects of Tan-IIA were investigated using in vivo and in vitro ALI models. Tan-IIA mechanisms were investigated by performing Western blot and flow cytometry experiments. A wound-healing assay was performed to confirm the Tan-IIA function.@*RESULTS@#The cytokine storm induced by LPS treatment was detected at 3 days after LPS treatment, and alveolar epithelial damage and lymphocyte aggregation were observed. Tan-IIA treatment attenuated the LPS-induced inflammation and reduced the levels of inflammatory cytokines released not only by inhibiting neutrophils, but also by macrophage. Moreover, we found that macrophage activation and polarization after LPS treatment were abrogated after applying the Tan-IIA treatment. An in vitro assay also confirmed that including the Tan-IIA supplement increased the relative amount of the M2 subtype and decreased that of M1. Rebalanced macrophages and Tan-IIA inhibited activations of the nuclear factor-κB and hypoxia-inducible factor pathways. Including Tan-IIA and macrophages also improved alveolar epithelial repair by regulating macrophage polarization.@*CONCLUSION@#This study found that while an LPS-induced cytokine storm exacerbated ALI, including Tan-IIA could prevent ALI-induced inflammation and improve the alveolar epithelial repair, and do so by regulating macrophage polarization.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Abietanes , Acute Lung Injury/drug therapy , Cytokine Release Syndrome , Cytokines , Inflammation/drug therapy , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Macrophage Activation , Macrophages , Triacetoneamine-N-Oxyl/pharmacology
19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 195-200, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905881

ABSTRACT

Unstable carotid plaque is an independent risk factor for serious cerebrovascular events including stroke, making it considered as an intervention target for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Professor ZHU Liang-chun is a national distinguished master of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) who is adept at treating difficult miscellaneous diseases with insects. He believes that the unstable carotid plaque falls into the category of “vessel impediment” in TCM according to the disease location and characteristics. The core pathogenesis of unstable carotid plaque lies in asthenia in origin and sthenia in superficiality, with spleen-kidney deficiency as the root cause and combined phlegm and blood stasis as the manifestations. He has pointed out that both phlegm and blood stasis should be emphasized in the treatment. In addition to the commonly used herbs for strengthening spleen, removing stasis, and resolving phlegm, the insects with strong effects of searching wind and dredging collateral can be added as appropriate to strengthen the power of removing stasis and dredging collateral. According to the pathogenesis of this disease, he develops the Qutan Tongluo Wenbanfang, which has been confirmed by modern pharmacological research to be efficient in resisting inflammation, regulating endothelial cell functions, lowering lipids, adjusting metabolism, and improving blood circulation, thereby ameliorating the related biological processes of atherosclerosis, suppressing atherosclerosis, and stabilizing plaques. As proved by clinical practice, Qutan Tongluo Wenbanfang helps to reduce blood lipids and reduce the area of unstable carotid plaque, indicating that it deserves clinical promotion.

20.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 105-109, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862553

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the protective effect of tanshinone I (T-I) on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (HIRI) in mice. MethodsA total of 36 C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into sham-operation group, ischemia-reperfusion (IR) group, IR+T-I (5 mg/kg) group, IR+T-I (10 mg/kg) group, IR+T-I (20 mg/kg) group, and IR+T-I (40 mg/kg) group, with 6 mice in each group. Each group was given intraperitoneal injection. The mice in the sham-operation group and the IR group were injected with an equal volume of the solvent olive oil; the mice in the IR+T-I groups were administered once a day for 7 consecutive days, a model of 70% HIRI was established at 2 hours after the last administration, and serum and liver samples were collected after 6 hours of reperfusion. Related kits were used to measure the serum level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and the content of superoxide dismutase (SOD), malondialdehyde (MDA), caspase-3, and reduced glutathione (GSH) in liver tissue; HE staining was used to observe liver histopathology; the TUNEL method was used to measure the level of hepatocyte apoptosis; immunohistochemistry was used to measure the protein expression of caspase-3 and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1). A one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison of continuous data between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsCompared with the IR group, the IR+T-I (20mg/kg) group had significant reductions in the serum levels of ALT (192.48±23.67 U/L vs 336.90±41.52 U/L, P<0.01) and AST (123.19±9.16 U/L vs 206.90±18.81 U/L, P<0.01), and thus 20 mg/kg was determined as the optimal concentration. Compared with the IR group, the IR+T-I (20 mg/kg) group had significant reductions in MDA (1.34±0.21 μmol/mg vs 3.48±0.95 μmol/mg, P<0.05) and caspase-3 (0.69±0.97 μmol/mg vs 1.04±0.35 μmol/mg, P<0.05) and significant increases in SOD (274.47±30.53 U/mg vs 160.29±27.37 U/mg, P<0.05) and GSH (2.12±0.27 μmol/mg vs 1.03±0.42 μmol/mg, P<0.05). HE staining showed that the IR group had disordered structure of hepatic lobules and focal or extensive degeneration and necrosis of hepatocytes; compared with the IR group, the IR+T-I (20 mg/kg) group had a reduction in the area of hepatocyte necrosis and a basically complete structure of the liver. Immunohistochemistry showed that compared with the IR group, the IR+T-I (20 mg/kg) group had significant reductions in the number of apoptotic hepatocytes and the protein expression of caspase-3 and a significant increase in the protein expression of HO-1. ConclusionT-I exerts a protective effect against HIRI in mice by inhibiting liver oxidative stress response and hepatocyte apoptosis.

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