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1.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 279-296, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880893

ABSTRACT

Sterol-regulatory element binding proteins (SREBPs) are the key transcriptional regulators of lipid metabolism. The activation of SREBP requires translocation of the SREBP precursor from the endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi, where it is sequentially cleaved by site-1 protease (S1P) and site-2 protease and releases a nuclear form to modulate gene expression. To search for new genes regulating cholesterol metabolism, we perform a genome-wide CRISPR/Cas9 knockout screen and find that partner of site-1 protease (POST1), encoded by C12ORF49, is critically involved in the SREBP signaling. Ablation of POST1 decreases the generation of nuclear SREBP and reduces the expression of SREBP target genes. POST1 binds S1P, which is synthesized as an inactive protease (form A) and becomes fully mature via a two-step autocatalytic process involving forms B'/B and C'/C. POST1 promotes the generation of the functional S1P-C'/C from S1P-B'/B (canonical cleavage) and, notably, from S1P-A directly (non-canonical cleavage) as well. This POST1-mediated S1P activation is also essential for the cleavages of other S1P substrates including ATF6, CREB3 family members and the α/β-subunit precursor of N-acetylglucosamine-1-phosphotransferase. Together, we demonstrate that POST1 is a cofactor controlling S1P maturation and plays important roles in lipid homeostasis, unfolded protein response, lipoprotein metabolism and lysosome biogenesis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestion ; (12): 361-367, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871478

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the differentially expressed genes in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) by bioinformatics method, to screen the key genes related to the carcinogenesis and development of ESCC and to find out biomarkers for early diagnosis and prognosis of ESCC.Methods:The ESCC microarray datasets GSE26886, GSE77861, GSE100942, GSE20347, GSE23400, GSE38129 and GSE17351 from gene expression omnibus datasets were downloaded. The differentially expressed genes in ESCC and normal esophageal mucosa tissues of each dataset were screened out, and then the common differentially expressed key genes of seven dataset were selected out. After that, the key differentially expressed genes were analyzed by gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway. Cytoscape software and molecular complex detection were used for protein-protein interaction network (PPI), and the critical hub genes were screened out. The expression of hub genes was divided into high-expression group and low-expression group. The relationship between hub genes and the prognosis of patients with ESCC was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier database.Results:A total of 626 differentially expressed key genes of ESCC were screened out from the seven datasets, including 302 up-regulated genes and 324 down-regulated genes. The results of GO analysis showed that the key differentially expressed genes were mainly involved in collagen binding, regulation of cell cycle and epithelial cell differentiation.The results of KEGG analysis indicated that the differentially expressed genes were focused on extracellular matrix-receptor interaction, p53 signaling pathway and arachidonic acid metabolism signaling pathway. Five hub genes were screened out from PPI, which were collagen type Ⅲ α1 chain ( COL3 A1), collagen type Ⅹ α1 chain ( COL10 A1), collagen type Ⅵ α3 chain ( COL6 A3), collagen type Ⅴ α2 chain ( COL5 A2) and collagen type Ⅰ α1 chain ( COL1 A1). The expression levels of COL3 A1, COL10 A1, COL6 A3, COL5 A2 and COL1 A1 in ESCC tissues were higher than those of normal esophageal mucosa tissues. The prognosis of high-expression group was worse than that of low-expression group. Conclusions:There are differentially expressed genes profiles between ESCC tissues and normal mucosa tissues. COL3 A1, COL10 A1, COL6 A3, COL5 A2 and COL1 A1 are key genes in the genesis and development of ESCC and also related to the prognosis of the patients, which may be new molecular markers for the diagnosis and treatment of ESCC.

3.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 399-404, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862863

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the occurrence of stroke and its associated risk factors in patients with Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN).Methods:The data of patients diagnosed as Ph-negative MPN in the Affiliated Yuebei People's Hospital of Shantou University Medical College from January 2016 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The occurrence of stroke in these patients and the clinical characteristics were summarized. Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of stroke in MPN patients.Results:A total of 193 Ph-negative MPN patients were collected, including 103 males and 90 females. The median age of onset was 62 years old (24-93 years old). There were 129 patients (66.84%) with essential thrombocythemia, 46 patients (23.83%) with polycythemia vera, and 18 patients (9.33%) with primary myelofibrosis. In 193 patients with MPN, there were 31 patients (16.06%) with stroke, including 30 cases (15.54%) of ischemic stroke and 1 case (0.52%) of hemorrhagic stroke, and the incidence of ischemic stroke was higher than that of hemorrhagic stroke, the difference was statistically significant (χ 2 = 54.258, P < 0.01). Among the patients with stroke, JAK2V617F mutation was observed to be the most common driver mutation (80.65%, 25/31). The small-artery occlusive cerebral infarction was the most common in ischemic stroke (63.33%, 19/30). Compared with MPN patients without stroke, those with stroke displayed higher hemoglobin level [(156±35) g/L vs. (138±40) g/L] and concurrent JAK2V617F and CALR mutations rate [3.23% (1/31) vs. 0.62% (1/162)], and lower CALR mutation rate [3.23% (1/31) vs. 19.14% (31/162)], the differences were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Logistic regression analysis revealed that hemoglobin ≥ median level (140 g/L) was a risk factor for stroke in MPN patients ( OR = 2.903, 95% CI 1.163-7.244, P = 0.022), and CALR mutation acted as a protective factor for stroke ( OR = 0.090, 95% CI 0.009-0.932, P = 0.044). Conclusions:Ischemic stroke is more common than hemorrhagic stroke in Ph-negative MPN patients, and the small-artery occlusive cerebral infarction is also more frequently found in these patients. Hemoglobin ≥140 g/L is a risk factor for stroke in MPN patients, and CALR mutation is a protective factor.

4.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 389-393, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862860

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the driver mutations in patients with classical myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) and their relationships with clinical characteristics.Methods:The clinical data of 186 patients with classical MPN in the Affiliated Yuebei People's Hospital of Shantou University Medical College from January 2013 to October 2019 who met the World Health Organization 2016 MPN diagnostic criteria were retrospectively analyzed. The mutations of diver genes JAK2, CALR and MPL and clinical characteristics, such as white blood cell count, hemoglobin, and platelet count in patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET), polycythemia vera (PV) and primary myelofibrosis (PMF) were analyzed.Results:Among the 186 MPN patients, 100 were male and 86 were female, with a median age of onset of 62.0 years old (24.0-93.0 years old). There were 125 patients (67.20%) with ET, 44 patients (23.66%) with PV, and 17 patients (9.14%) with PMF. The JAK2V617F mutation was found in 133 patients (71.51%, 133/186). The JAK2V617F mutation rates in patients with ET, PV and PMF were 66.40% (83/125), 88.64% (39/44) and 64.71% (11/17), respectively. Two patients (1.08%, 2/186) with PV were found with JAK2 exon 12 mutation. The CALR exon 9 mutation was found in 32 patients (17.20%, 32/186), with the CALR mutation rates of 24.00% (30/125), 0 and 11.76% (2/17) in patients with ET, PV and PMF, respectively. The MPL exon 10 mutation was found in one ET patient (0.54%, 1/186). CALR mutated ET patients showed higher platelet count [(1 155±537)×10 9/L vs. (997±330)×10 9/L, t = -2.095, P = 0.038], and lower leukocyte count ( t = 2.434, P = 0.017) and hemoglobin ( t = 3.087, P = 0.003) than JAK2V617F mutated ET patients. Two cases of MPN had rare concurrent driver mutations, of which one ET patient with JAK2V617F and CALR mutations and one PMF patient with JAK2V617F and MPLW515L mutations. Conclusions:The detection result of driver mutations is an important basis for precision health care for MPN. Different types of MPN have different detection rates of driver mutations, which are of great significances for judging the clinical characteristics of patients.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827477

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the impacts of two herbal preparations for human immunodeficiency virus/aquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) patients, Shenling Fuzheng Capsule (, SLFZC) and Qingdu Capsule (, QDC), on the efficacy of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).@*METHODS@#HIV/AIDS patients met the criteria were all enrolled in a 1-year cohort study, in which patients receiving HAART alone were designated as Group A, those receiving HAART in combination with SLFZC were designated as Group B, and those receiving HAART in combination with QDC were designated as Group C, 100 cases in each group. The dose of SLFZC was 1.48 g (4 capsules), 3 times daily, and QDC 1.56 g (4 capsules), 3 times daily. T cell subsets, HIV RNA and HIV-1 drug resistance were detected at enrollment and 1 year after treatment. Patients were followed up every 3 months, during which side-effects and other clinical data were recorded.@*RESULTS@#After 1-year treatment, the median increment in CD counts was 165.0, 178.0 and 145.0 cells/μL for Group A, B and C, respectively. HIV RNA was undetectable in 94% of patients in Group A, 96% in Group B and 92% in Group C. There were no differences regarding the increment in CD counts, HIV RNA and frequency of HIV-1 drug resistance mutations. Two of the 14 suspected side-effect symptoms, i.e. fatigue and dizziness, were lower in Groups B and C than in Group A (P<0.05, respectively) CONCLUSIONS: SLFZC and QDC do not have a negative impact on immunological and virological response to HAART; however, these preparations are not as potent in reducing HAART-associated side-effects as anticipated.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827456

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Congrong Shujing Granules ( , CSGs) in treating patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome of Shen (Kidney) essence deficiency, and to investigate the potential mechanism involving efficacy through a transcriptome sequencing approach.@*METHODS@#Eligible PD patients with syndrome of Shen essence defificiency were randomly assigned to a treatment group or a control group by a random number table, and were treated with CSGs combined with Western medicine (WM), or placebo combined with WM, respectively. Both courses of treatment lasted for 12 weeks. The Unifified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) score, the PD Question-39 (PDQ-39) score, CM Syndrome Scale score, and drug usage of all patients were evaluated before and after treatment. Safety was evaluated by clinical laboratory tests and electrocardiographs. Blood samples from 6 patients in each group were collected before and after the trial and used for transcriptomic analysis by gene ontology analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis. Differentially expressed genes were validated using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.@*RESULTS@#A total of 86 PD patients were selected from the Third Affifiliated People's Hospital of Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine between January 2017 and December 2017. Finally, 72 patients completed the trial, including 35 in the treatment group and 37 in the control group. When compared with the control group after treatment, patients in the treatment group showed signifificant decreases in UPDRS sub-II score, PDQ-39 score, CM syndrome score, and Levodopa equivalent dose (P0.05). A possible mechanism of clinical effificacy was proposed that involved regulating cell metabolism-related processes and ribosome-related pathways. Treatment with CSGs had shown to affect relevant gene loci for PD, including AIDA, ANKRD36BP2, BCL2A1, BCL2L11, FTH1P2, GCH1, HPRT1, NFE2L2, RMRP, RPS7, TGFBR1, WIPF2, and COX7B.@*CONCLUSIONS@#CSGs combined with WM can be used to treat PD patients with CM syndrome of Shen essence defificiency with a good safety. The possible mechanism of action and relevant gene loci were proposed. (Registration No. ChiCTR-IOR-16008394).

7.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 639-648, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826778

ABSTRACT

Increasing evidence suggests that a cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-dependent intracellular signal drives the process of myelination. Yet, the signal transduction underlying the action of cAMP on central nervous system myelination remains undefined. In the present work, we sought to determine the role of EPAC (exchange protein activated by cAMP), a downstream effector of cAMP, in the development of the myelin sheath using EPAC1 and EPAC2 double-knockout (EPAC) mice. The results showed an age-dependent regulatory effect of EPAC1 and EPAC2 on myelin development, as their deficiency caused more myelin sheaths in postnatal early but not late adult mice. Knockout of EPAC promoted the proliferation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells and had diverse effects on myelin-related transcription factors, which in turn increased the expression of myelin-related proteins. These results indicate that EPAC proteins are negative regulators of myelination and may be promising targets for the treatment of myelin-related diseases.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742734

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the expression of activator of basal transcription 1 (ABT1) protein in gastric cancer tissue and its relationships with the clinical parameters and prognosis of gastric cancer patients, and to clarify the role of ABT1in the occurrence and development of gastric cancer.Methods:A total of 100cases of cancer tissue of the gastric cancer patients and 80pairs of adjacent tissue were selected.The expressions of ABT1in cancer tissue and adjacent tissue were detected by immunohistochemistry and the proportion of stained cells and the degree of staining in the immunohistochemistry results were analyzed using semi-quantitative analysis.The relationships between the semi-quantitative analysis results and the clinical parameters of gastric cancer patients were statistically analyzed.Kaplan-Meier method was used to analyze the correlation between the ABT1 protein expression level and the survival of gastric cancer patients.Results:ABT1-positive staining was observed in the nucleus and cytoplasm of gastric cancer tissue and adjacent gastric tissue.The expression level of ABT1in gastric cancer tissue was lower than that in adjacent tissue (P=0.021) .The ABT1protein expression level in gastric cancer tissue was significantly negatively correlated with the pathological grade (r=-0.224, P=0.026) .The Kaplan-Meier analysis results of the survival curve showed that the high expression of ABT1was associated with good prognosis in the gastric cancer patients (HR=1.483, P<0.01) .The survival rate of gastric cancer patients with high ABT1expression was significantly higher than that of the patients with low ABT1expression (HR=2.411, P=0.0272) .Conclusion:The expression of ABT1in gastric cancer tissue is lower, indicating that ABT1can be used one of the markers of good prognosis of gastric cancer.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665545

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate gene-gene interactions of suicidal behavior with single-nucleotide-polymorphism (SNP) in MAOA ,GAD1 and 5-HTR2C by multifactor dimensionality reduction .Methods For this case-control study ,six SNPs were captured in related genes and detected in blood samples obtained from 21 patients with suicidal behavior and 50 healthy individuals .The genotype frequency and allele frequency as well as the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (HWE) ,tests were performed and compared by plink software .The gene-gene interactions models were built by the MDR software .Results The HWE test for case group showed that rs3813928 rs518147 of 5-HTR2C gene was not in line with HWE ( P< 0 .05) .However ,the additive model analysis after adjustment by gender indicated that the polymorphism had a positive correlation with suicidal behavior in case group .The case and control groups differed significantly only in genotype frequencies of 5-HTR2C gene (χ2 =6 .18 , P=0 .04) .There was no significant difference in allele and genotype frequencies of the other genes ( P>0 .05) .The best combination model of MDR was rs5953210-rs769391 OR=20 .19 ,95% CI 4 .19-97 .38 , P<0 .01 ,with significant interaction . Conclusion The 5-HTR2C gene rs3813928 and rs518147 polymorphisms may play an important role in the susceptibility to suicidal behavior .The combination of MAOA with GAD1 has a significant interaction which may increase the risk of suicidal behavior .

11.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 744-748, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696900

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationships of MR indexes such as acromio humeral intervals (AHI),lateral extension of the acromion (LEA) and inclination angle of the acromion with the subacromial impingement syndrome (SIS).Methods 151 patients underwent MRI examination of shoulder joints,they were grouped according to age,gender and location of acromion.The differences in age,gender and MR indexes were compared between SIS group and non SIS group.The distribution statuses of SIS in different groups were compared at the same time,the relationships of various MR indexes with SIS were investigated and analyzed.Results There were no statistical differences in age,location distribution,the average shortest AHI value and the thickness of the subacromial bursal effusion between SIS group and non SIS group (P > 0.05).There showed statistical difference in gender between the two groups (P =0.000),and there were more males than females in both groups.The acromion exactly covered the supraspinatus tendon in 79 patients,the average value of LEA in the SIS group was greater than that in the non SIS group,and there showed statistically significant difference between the two groups (P =0.002),the Youden index of LEA was 0.40,the sensitivity was 61% and the specificity was 79%.The inclination angle of the acromion in the SIS group was smaller than that in the non SIS group,and there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (P =0.019),the Youden index of the inclination angle of the acromion was 0.18,the sensitivity was 62% and the specificity was 56%.47 patients in the SIS group had subacromial bursal effusion,51 patients in the non SIS group had subacromial bursal effusion.The thickness of the subacromial bursal effusion in the SIS group was greater than the non SIS group,and there showed statistically significant difference between the two groups (P =0.002),the Youden index of the thickness of the subacromial bursal effusion was 0.34,the sensitivity was 78 % and the specificity was 56 %.Conclusion LEA,the inclination angle of the acromion and the thickness of the subacromial bursal effusion can be used as quantitative MR diagnostic criteria of SIS.The LEA measured by cardiothoracic ratio is simple and easy to use.

12.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 502-506, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693930

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanisms of basic fibroblast growth factor(bFGF) promoting blood spi-nal cord barrier(BSCB) recovery in rats after spinal cord injury(SCI).Methods Rats were randomly divided into sham group,SCI model group, bFGF intervention group(80 μg/kg). The nerve function of hind limb motor was evaluated by Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) scores during postoperative 14 days. Neuron loss of injured spinal cords was observed by haematoxylin and eosin(HE) staining and NeuN staining.The integrity of BSCB was investigated with Evan's Blue staining and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-dextran extravasation. The expression protein of adhesive connection protein (p120-catenin,β-catenin) and tight junction protein expression(occludin, claudin-5) were analyzed by Western blot.Results Compared with SCI model group, bFGF intervention group neuron loss decreased significantly at 3 d after injury(P<0.05);the permeability of blood spinal cord barrier obvi-ously reduced at 1d after injury; the expressions of p120-catenin, beta-catenin, occludin, claudin-5 protein of bFGF intervention group were increased dramatically at 1 d after injury(P<0.05). Conclusions bFGF improves the recovery of BSCB in an SCI model by reducing the loss of neurons and increasing the expressions of adhesion junction proteins and tight juction proteins.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278721

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the factors affecting the early-death, overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and laboratorial charachteristics of 176 APL patients in our center were analyzed retrospectively during January 2002 to Mar 2016. The risk factors of early death and factors affecting OS and RFS of patients were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among total of 176 patients, early death occured in 10 patients. Multivariate analysis showed both age ≥60 years and fibrinogen<1.5 g/L (HR=6.4, 95%CI 1.4-28.2) (P=0.015), (HR=12.2, 95%CI 1.5-102.8) (P=0.021), respectively were the independent risk factors for the early death during the induction therapy. Among 154 patients with full follow-up data (median follow-up time was 101(2-262) months), the estimated 5-year OS and RFS rate were (98± 1)% and (77± 4)%, respectively. Cox regression analysis showed relapse during treatment as well as initial WBC count≥30× 10/L were independent prognostic indicators for OS. Accompanied psoriasis indicated higher relapse rate of APL(HR=4.8, 95%CI 1.8-12.5)(P=0.002), while the low-risk APL indicated lower relapse rate (HR=0.4, 95%CI 0.2-0.99)(P=0.048).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Importance should be attached to the early-death events in elder and low-fibrinogen APL patients. As for patients with psoriasis or non low-risk group, emphasizing the intensified dynamic supervision during the treatment helps to detect the early-relapse events. For relapsed patients and patients with ≥30× 10/L WBC count, seeking more optimized therapy strategy seems allow this cohorts to get better prognosis.</p>

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512912

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the therapeutic effect of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) coacervates on diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in diabetic rats.METHODS Poly (ethylene argininylaspartate diglyceride) (PEAD), heparin and bFGF were dissolved in saline at the mass ratio of 50:10:1 to obtain bFGF coacervates. The loading efficiency of bFGF in the coacervates was analyzed by Western blotting. The release profile of bFGF from the coacevates was detected by ELISA. Male SD rats were ip injected with streptozotocin 65 mg · kg- 1 to establish a diabetic model,and DPN occurred 8 weeks later. The DPN rats were randomly divided into free-coacervate group, bFGF group and bFGFcoacervate group. For bFGF group, bFGF 200 μg·kg-1 was im injected once daily for 3 d. In bFGF-coacervate group, bFGF coacervate solution (244 μL) equal to bFGF 200 μg · k - 1, was im given only once. DPN rats in free- coacervate group were im given the same volume of vehicle(PEAD + heparin) only once. Ten normal age peer rats were taken as normal control group.Footprint analysis was conducted each week to evaluate motor function. On the 30th day after treatment,the rats were sacrificed, and sciatic nerves of both sides were harvested for pathological observation through HE staining. Apoptosis in nerve tissue was detected by DAPI staining, and Ki67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) protein levels were detected by Western blotting. RESULTS Western blotting and ELISA analysis indicated that bFGF-coacervates were well prepared at a mass ratio of 50:10:1,and controlled bFGF release for at least 35 d. The result of rat behavior evaluation and pathological index test indicated that, compared with normal control group, the sciatic function index (SFI) in free-coacervate group decreased significantly(P<0.01), the internal nerve fibers were accompanied by irregularity and serious demyelination, and there was a large number of apoptotic nuclei and low expressions of Ki67 and PCNA proteins (P<0.01).After injection with bFGF or bFGF-coacervates, the SFI increased progressively (P<0.05, P<0.01), and the proportion of fibers with myelin abnormalities and apoptotic cells was significantly reversed. Moreover, the levels of Ki67 and PCNA was evidently enhanced on the 30th day post- operation (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with bFGF group, the results of those detection indicators in bFGF-coacervate group were better (P<0.05, P<0.01). CONCLUSION PEAD and heparin complex can load bFGF with high efficiency, and control its release in a steady manner. For DPN rats,treatment with bFGF-coacervates is more effective than bFGF alone.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510683

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of fibroblast growth factor 10 ( FGF10 ) on lipopolysaccharide ( LPS)-induced microglial activation .METHODS:Mouse BV2 microglial cells were maintained in DMEM in a humidified incubator with 95%/5%( V/V) mixture of air and CO 2 at 37℃.The medium was changed every 1 or 2 d.The cells were digested and passaged every 4 or 5 d.The BV2 microglial cells were first pretreated with FGF 10 (1 mg/L) for 30 min and then stimulated with LPS (500 μg/L).The medium and the cells were collected at different time points .The morphologi-cal changes of microglia were visualized under microscope .To evaluate the microglial activation , the transcription and pro-duction of proinflammatory factor tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α) were examined by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), respectively.RESULTS:The morphology of control BV2 microglia showed circular or oval shape .After exposure to LPS for 24 h, the microglia revealed spindle shaped or multipolar morphology , and the percentage of activated cells was significantly increased compared with control group.Pretreatment with FGF10 successfully inhibited the morphological change from normal to activated shape .LPS sti-mulation for 6 h significantly increased the transcription of TNF-α, while FGF10 pretreatment remarkably reversed the effect.In addition, the production of TNF-αincreased in the presence of LPS stimulation for 24 h compared with control group.Pretreatment with FGF10 suppressed LPS-induced TNF-αexpression.CONCLUSION: Pretreatment with FGF10 inhibits the morphological change from normal to activated shape , and remarkably suppressed the transcription and produc-tion of TNF-α.FGF10 successfully suppresses LPS-induced BV2 microglial activation , indicating that FGF10 is a therapeu-tic agent for the treatment of glia-mediated neuroinflammatory diseases .

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1707-1712, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667972

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate whether the protection of rutaecarpine against myocardial ischemia / reperfusion (I/ R ) injury is mediated by Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4)/ NF-κB pathway,and whether these effects are related to the release of calcitonin gene-related peptide(CGRP)in plasma. Methods Sprague-Daw-ley rats were subjected to 60 min of ligation of the left anterior descending coronary followed by 3h of reperfu-sion to induce I/ R injury. Rats were pretreated with rutaecarpine 10 min before the ligation,and some rats were pretreated with capsazepine 2 min before rutae-carpine administration. Myocardial infarct size,CGRP concentration in plasma and creatine kinase (CK)ac-tivity in serum were measured. The expression of TLR4 mRNA in myocardial tissue was determined by RT-PCR. The protein expression of TLR4 and NF-κB in myocardial tissue was analyzed by immunohistochemis-try. Results Rutaecarpine (100,300 μg · kg - 1 , iv)significantly reduced the infarct size and the serum CK activity concomitantly with the increase in plasma CGRP concentration (P < 0. 05). Importantly,the ex-pression of TLR4 (both mRNA and protein)and NF-κB (protein)was increased by myocardial I/ R injury, and dramatically inhibited by rutaecarpine pretreatment (P < 0. 05). All these effects of rutaecarpine were a-bolished by capsazepine (1. 5 mg·kg - 1 ,iv),a spe-cific antagonist for vanilloid receptor-1. Conclusion Rutaecarpine protects against myocardial I/ R injury by inhibiting TLR4 / NF-κB pathway,which is related to the increased release of CGRP.

17.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 1300-1303, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665039

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore errors and their causes in setting up the retroperitoneal cavity for peritoneoscopy. Methods The clinical data of 450 patients who were performed the laparoscopic surgery in our hospital from May 2009 to December 2016 were collected. According to the trocar puncture points, patients were divided into lumbar group (n=193) and iliac flap group (n=276). The problems were summarized and analyzed in the process of setting up the retroperitoneal cavity. Results The mistakes existed in setting up the retroperitoneal cavity including peritoneum rupture (10 cases), error in balloon expansion clearance (5 cases), homemade balloon rupture and fall off (7 cases), poor position of puncture port (34 cases), bleeding of puncture channel (6 cases), leaking around the trocar and subcutaneous emphysema. After peritoneal patching, re-establishment of the expansion of the gap, adjusting the trocar position and other appropriate measures for treatment, the operations were successfully in 450 patients. Conclusion We should choose the appropriate method for building cavity according to different conditions of patients, and know well the anatomy of the peritoneal cavity. All details should be emphasized in the process of building cavity to reduce the occurrence of errors.

18.
Military Medical Sciences ; (12): 929-933, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694283

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore a construction method of semantic relations of the top-level ontology of military medicine in order to construct the top-level ontology semantic network.Methods The military medical corpus was selected,and the relationships between the concepts were extracted using text analysis.On the basis of inheriting the semantic relations of UMLS,the special semantic relations of military medicine were added.Results A method of establishing the semantic relations of the top-level ontology of military medicine was proposed,the applicability of which was verified by example of the branch of military medical equipment.Conclusion The proposed method is effective and feasible,which can provide important support to the establishment of top-level semantic networks of military medicine.

19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2375-2379, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248983

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>As a vascular risk factor, carotid atherosclerosis is crucial to cognitive impairment. While carotid intima-media thickness, carotid artery plaque, and carotid stenosis can reflect carotid atherosclerosis in different stages, this review aimed to explore researches on the role of carotid intima-media thickness, carotid artery plaque, and carotid stenosis in the progress of cognitive impairment in nonstroke patients and tried to illustrate the possible mechanisms.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>We searched the PubMed database for recently published research articles up to July 2017, with the key words of "carotid atherosclerosis," "carotid intima-media thickness," "carotid plaque," "carotid stenosis," "nonstroke," and "cognitive impairment."</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>Articles were obtained and reviewed to analyze the role of carotid atherosclerosis such as carotid intima-thickness, carotid plaque, and carotid stenosis in the progress of cognitive impairment in nonstroke patients and the possible mechanisms.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In recent years, most studies proved that by evaluating carotid atherosclerosis with ultrasonography, carotid atherosclerosis accounts for the development of cognitive decline in nonstroke patients. Carotid atherosclerosis not only impairs the subtle general cognitive function but also decreases the specific domains of cognitive function, such as memory, motor function, visual perception, attention, and executive function. But, it is still controversial. The possible mechanisms of cognitive impairment in nonstroke patients with carotid atherosclerosis can be classified as systemic global cerebrovascular function, small-vessel diseases, and the mixed lesions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Carotid atherosclerosis can be used to predict the risk of cognitive impairment. Furthermore, diagnosing and treating carotid atherosclerosis at early stage might help clinicians prevent and treat vascular cognitive impairment in nonstroke patients.</p>

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-281322

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the curative effect of the early application of the antibiotic-laden bone cement (ALBC) combined with the external fixation support in treating the open fractures of lower limbs complicated with bone defect.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From December 2013 to January 2015, 36 cases of lower limb open comminuted fractures complicated with bone defects were treated by the vancomycin ALBC combined with the external fixation support, including 26 males and 10 females with an average age of 38.0 years old ranging from 19 to 65 years old. The included cases were all open fractures of lower limbs complicated with bone defects with different degree of soft tissue injuries. Among them, 25 cases were tibial fractures, 11 cases were femoral fractures. The radiographs indicated a presence of bone defects, which ranged from 3.0 to 6.1 cm with an average of 4.0 cm. The Gustilo classification of open fractures:24 cases were type IIIA, 12 cases were typr IIIB. The percentage of wound infection, bone grafting time, fracture healing time and postoperative joint function of lower limb were observed. The function of injured limbs was evaluated at 1 month after the clinical healing of fracture based on Paley evaluation criterion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All cases were followed up for 3 to 24 months with an average of (6.0±3.0) months. The wound surface was healed well, neither bone infections nor unhealed bone defects were presented. The reoperation of bone grafting was done at 6 weeks after the patients received an early treatment with ALBC, some of them were postponed to 8 weeks till the approximate healing of fractures, the treatment course lasted for 4 to 8 months with an average of(5.5±1.5) months. According to Paley and other grading evaluations of bone and function, there were 27 cases as excellent, 5 cases as good, 3 cases as ordinary.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The ALBC combined with external fixation support was an effective method for early treatment to treat the traumatic lower limb open fractures complicated with bone defects. This method was typified with the advantages such as easy operation, short operation time, overwhelming superiority in controlling infection and provision of good bone grafting bed, a good bone healing can be realized by the use of membrane induction technology for bone grafting.</p>

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