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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 643-650, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016629

ABSTRACT

Three carboline fluorescent probes F1-F3 were designed and synthesized, based on lead compound JYJ-19, an antifungal compound discovered previously by our group. The antifungal activity in vitro results showed that compound F1 had moderate antifungal activity (MIC80 = 32 μg·mL-1). The stokes shift of F1 is 70 nm. The fluorescent probe F1 has good optical properties and can be used for fluorescence imaging research. Subcellular localization experiments results showed that F1 was enriched in the mitochondria of fungal cells. The detection of intracellular reactive oxygen species levels shows that JYJ-19 enhances intracellular reactive oxygen species levels. The above results indicated that carboline compounds could exert antifungal effects by acting on fungal mitochondria.

2.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 257-262, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012497

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility and clinical experience of kidney transplantation from donors with Marfan syndrome (MFS). Methods Clinical data of 2 recipients undergoing kidney transplantation from the same MFS patient were retrospectively analyzed and literature review of 2 cases was conducted. Characteristics and clinical diagnosis and treatment of kidney transplantation from MFS patients were summarized. Results The Remuzzi scores of the left and right donor kidneys of the MFS patient during time-zero biopsy were 1 and 2. No significant difference was observed in the renal arteriole wall compared with other donors of brain death and cardiac death. Two recipients who received kidney transplantation from the MFS patient suffered from postoperative delayed graft function. After short-term hemodialysis, the graft function of the recipients received the left and right kidney began to gradually recover at postoperative 10 d and 20 d. After discharge, serum creatinine level of the recipient received the left kidney was ranged from 80 to 90 μmol/L, whereas that of the recipient received the right kidney kept declining, and the lowest serum creatinine level was 232 μmol/L before the submission date (at postoperative 43 d). Through literature review, two cases successfully undergoing kidney transplantation from the same MFS donor were reported. Both two recipients experienced delayed graft function, and then renal function was restored to normal. Until the publication date, 1 recipient has survived for 6 years, and the other recipient died of de novo cerebrovascular disease at postoperative 2 years. Conclusions MFS patients may serve as an acceptable source of kidney donors. However, the willingness and general conditions of the recipients should be carefully evaluated before kidney transplantation. Intraoperatively, potential risk of tear of renal arterial media should be properly treated. Extensive attention should be paid to the incidence of postoperative complications.

3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 1102-1113, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with rheumatic diseases and abnormal liver function, as well as determine the proportion and severity of liver function abnormalities.Methods:Cross-sectional study. Data were collected from patients registered in the Chinese Rheumatism Date Center from 2011 to 2021. The rheumatic diseases analyzed in this study were rheumatoid arthritis (RA), systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Sjogren syndrome (SS), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), and gout. Patient data, including demographic characteristics [ such as age, sex, body mass index,(BMI), and smoking history], liver function test results [including alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase(ALP), and total bilirubin], and use of anti-rheumatic immune drugs and liver-protective drugs, were collected and compared between groups with normal and abnormal liver functions. In addition, the proportions of abnormal liver function were compared between sex and age groups.Results:A total of 116 308 patients were included in this study, including 49 659 with RA, 17 597 with SLE, 9 039 with SS, 11 321 with AS, and 28 692 with gout. The lowest proportion of liver function abnormalities was observed in patients with RA[11.02% (5 470/49 659)], followed by those with SS[17.97% (1 624/9 039)] and AS [18.22% (2 063/11 321) ], whereas patients with SLE [21.14% (3 720/17 597) ] and gout [28.73% (8 242/28 692)] exhibited the highest proportion of these abnormalities. Elevated ALT, mostly classified as grade 1, was the most commonly noted liver function abnormality, whereas elevated ALP was the least common. Some patients who took liver-protective drugs had normal liver function, with the lowest percentage observed in patients with gout [7.45% (36/483) ] and ranging from 21.7% to 30.34% in patients with RA, SLE, SS, and AS. The proportion of liver function abnormalities was higher in males than in females for all disease types [RA: 13.8%(1 368/9 906) vs. 10.3%(4 102/39 753); SLE: 33.6% (479/1 424) vs. 20.0% (3 241/16 173); SS: 25.4%(111/437) vs. 17.6%(1 513/8 602); AS: 20.1%(1 629/8 119) vs. 13.6% (434/3 202); and gout: 29.3% (8 033/27 394) vs. 16.1% (209/1 298)]. In RA, SLE, and AS, the proportions of liver function abnormalities were similar across all age groups. In SS, the proportion of liver function abnormalities increased with age [<40 years: 14.9%(294/1 979); 40-59 years: 18.1%(858/4 741); ≥60 years: 20.4%(472/2 319)], whereas a reversal of this trend was observed in gout [<40 years: 34.9%(4 294/12 320); 40-59 years: 25.5%(2 905/11 398);≥60 years: 21.0%(1 042/4 971)].Conclusions:The proportions of combined liver function abnormalities in patients with rheumatologic diseases were high, and the utilization rates of liver-protective drugs were low. It is necessary to pay more attention to monitoring patients′ liver function, timely administer liver-protective drugs, and optimize liver-protective regimens during the treatment of rheumatic diseases.

4.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 797-803, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993009

ABSTRACT

Objective:To construct a porcine model of ischemia with non-obstructive coronary artery (INOCA) and explore the diagnostic value of a one-stop noninvasive method including CT myocardial perfusion imaging (CT-MPI) and coronary CT angiography (CCTA).Methods:Twelve swines were divided into the experimental group (9) and the normal group (3). Coronary microvascular dysfunction (CMD) porcine model was constructed in the experimental group by inducing diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and hypercholesterolemia. Invasive coronary angiography (ICA) and functional examination were performed on all 7+3 trial swines to clarify the INOCA diagnosis after completion of the modeling. Then, CT-MPI and CCTA were performed on all individuals to explore the CT-MPI and CCTA characteristics of INOCA porcine models. CT-MPI parameters, including myocardial blood flow (MBF), and myocardial blood volume (MBV) in rest and stress conditions, and CCTA parameters, including severity of stenosis and CAD-RADS, were analyzed.Results:ICA and functional tests showed that all swines in the experimental group met the diagnostic criteria for INOCA, which meant that INOCA porcine model was constructed successfully. CCTA results confirmed that there was no obstructive coronary stenosis in all 10 swines which were examined, which was consistent with ICA findings. CT-MPI results demonstrated that the mean MBF values, as well as the mean MBV values, in the rest and stress condition of each swines in the experimental group were lower than those of the control group. In contrast to the control group, the mean MBF and MBV values of swines in the experimental group in stress condition were generally lower than those in resting condition.Conclusions:In this study, a porcine model of CMD is successfully constructed by inducing hypercholesterolemia+diabetes mellitus+chronic kidney disease. ICA and invasive functional tests show that this CMD model meet the diagnostic criteria for INOCA. It has been confirmed that one-stop CT multimodality examination including CT-MPI and CCTA can be used for the diagnosis of INOCA as a noninvasive diagnostic method.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 894-897, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991434

ABSTRACT

Clinical laboratory instrumentation is a practical course. In order to change the limitations of the experimental site and the lack of large automatic testing instruments in the current teaching, this paper puts forward the idea of virtual simulation teaching of clinical laboratory instrument. Based on the training objective of medical laboratory application-oriented talents, the design and management of virtual simulation teaching of single instrument and comprehensive project training are formed. The teaching effect evaluation and quality control method are constructed, which significantly improves the students' autonomous learning ability and the comprehensive practical ability. It further promotes the connotation construction of medical laboratory experiment teaching with the help of Internet sharing advantages.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 82-95, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970504

ABSTRACT

With the approach of untargeted metabolomics and correlation analysis, this study aimed to explore the mechanism of Aurantii Fructus from Lingnan region in alleviating dryness by analyzing the different effects of raw Aurantii Fructus(RAF) and processed Aurantii Fructus(PAF) on fecal endogenous metabolism in normal rats. Eighteen Sprague-Dawley(SD) rats were randomly divided into a control group(C), an RAF group(10 g·kg~(-1)), and a PAF group(10 g·kg~(-1)). After seven days of administration, the effects of RAF and PAF on dryness-related indexes were compared, including water intake, fecal water content, salivary secretion, the expression of AQP5, VIP, and 5-HT in the submandibular gland, as well as the expression of AQP3, VIP, and 5-HT in the colon. The fecal samples in each group were determined by LC-MS. Multivariate statistical analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for screening the differential metabolites and metabolic pathways in alleviating dryness of RAF. The results indicated that both RAF and PAF showed certain dryness, and the dryness of RAF was more significant. Moreover, PAF could alleviate dryness of RAF to a certain extent by reducing the water intake, fecal water content, and the expression of AQP3, VIP, and 5-HT in the colon and increasing the salivary secretion and the levels of AQP5, VIP, and 5-HT in the submandibular gland. According to the analysis of fecal metabolomics, 99 and 58 metabolites related to dryness were found in RAF and PAF respectively, where 16 of them played an important role in alleviating dryness of RAF. Pathway analysis revealed that the mechanism of PAF in alleviating dryness of RAF was presumably related to the regulation of riboflavin metabolism, purine metabolism, arginine biosynthesis, pyrimidine metabolism, alanine metabolism, aspartate metabolism, glutamate metabolism, and retinol metabolism pathways. This study suggested that PAF might alleviate dryness of RAF by affecting the metabolic levels of the body, which provides a new basis for further clarifying the processing mechanism of PAF.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin , Metabolomics , Water
7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1815-1818, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013957

ABSTRACT

Parkinson's disease (PD) is a kind of senile neurodegenerative disease. Dopaminergic drugs and anticholinergic drugs are the two major therapeutic drugs for PD. In the past several decades, great progress has been achieved on dopamines (DAs) and their synergists including monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitors, catechol oxygen methyl transferase inhibitors, ergot and nonergot DA receptor agonists, DA precursor drugs, cannabis and isatin. Isatin is the inhibitor of endogenous specific anti-aging enzyme MAO-B, which has a variety of pharmacological activities. Moreover, the pharmacological mechanism of isatin may be associated with the regulatory functions of various protein activities.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 626-631, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006317

ABSTRACT

Objective To preliminarily compare 6LiF-7LiF and CR39 in individual neutron dose monitoring, and to provide a reference for improving individual neutron dose monitoring. Methods According to the GBZ 128-2019, 26 radiation workers from 7 institutions received individual neutron dose monitoring with 6LiF-7LiF and CR39 at the same time. The monitoring results were analyzed. Results For most of the workers, the personal neutron dose equivalent Hp(10) was less than the minimum detectable level. The results with the two monitoring methods differed in 6 of 26 workers. Conclusion Both 6LiF-7LiF and CR39 monitoring methods can be used for individual neutron dose monitoring for radiation workers, but the difference between 6LiF-7LiF and CR39 (in threshold energy, energy response, etc.) should be considered so that different types of radiation workers receive appropriate individual neutron dose monitoring.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Health ; (6): 573-579, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003567

ABSTRACT

With the extensive use of neutron sources in industry, medicine, and scientific research, the number of people exposed to neutron has been increasing, which highlights the importance of personal neutron dose monitoring in the field of radiation protection. In the past decades, researchers have developed and improved a variety of techniques and methods for personal neutron dose monitoring. This paper focuses on the problems and research progress of track dosimeters (solid-state nuclear track dosimeters and fluorescent nuclear track dosimeters), luminescent dosimeters (thermoluminescent dosimeters and optically stimulated luminescent dosimeters), and bubble dosimeters in personal neutron dose monitoring.

10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 951-958, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980882

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The clinical features of enthesitis in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) have been reported in some Western countries, but data in China are very limited. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of enthesitis in Chinese patients with PsA and compared them with those in other cohorts.@*METHODS@#Patients with PsA enrolled in the Chinese Registry of Psoriatic Arthritis (CREPAR) (December 2018 to June 2021) were included. Data including demographics, clinical characteristics, disease activity measures, and treatment were collected at enrollment. Enthesitis was assessed by the Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada (SPARCC), Maastricht ankylosing spondylitis enthesitis score (MASES), and Leeds enthesitis index (LEI) indices. A multivariable logistic model was used to identify factors related to enthesitis. We also compared our results with those of other cohorts.@*RESULTS@#In total, 1074 PsA patients were included, 308 (28.7%) of whom had enthesitis. The average number of enthesitis was 3.3 ± 2.8 (range: 1.0-18.0). More than half of the patients (165, 53.6%) had one or two tender entheseal sites. Patients with enthesitis had an earlier age of onset for both psoriasis and arthritis, reported a higher proportion of PsA duration over 5 years, and had a higher percentage of axial involvement and greater disease activity. Multivariable logistic regression showed that axial involvement (odds ratio [OR] 2.21, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.59-3.08; P <0.001), psoriasis area and severity index (PASI) (OR: 1.03, 95% CI: 1.01-1.04; P = 0.002), and disease activity score 28-C reactive protein (DAS28-CRP) (OR: 1.25, 95% CI: 1.01-1.55; P = 0.037) were associated with enthesitis. Compared with the results of other studies, Chinese patients with enthesitis had a younger age, lower body mass index (BMI), a higher rate of positive human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27, more frequent dactylitis, and a higher proportion of conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs' (csDMARDs) use.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Enthesitis is a common condition among Chinese patients with PsA. It is important to evaluate entheses in both peripheral and axial sites.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Psoriatic/drug therapy , East Asian People , Enthesopathy/complications , Registries , Severity of Illness Index , Spondylarthritis/epidemiology
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1642-1651, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970636

ABSTRACT

The UPLC-MS/MS was established for the determination of acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid(AKBA) and β-boswellic acid(β-BA), the main active components of Olibanum and Myrrha extracts in Xihuang Formula, in rat plasma and urine. The effects of compatibility on the pharmacokinetic behaviors of AKBA and β-BA in rats were investigated, and the differences in pharmacokinetic behaviors between healthy rats and rats with precancerous lesions of breast cancer were compared. The results showed that compared with RM-NH and RM-SH groups, the AUC_(0-t) and AUC_(0-∞) of β-BA increased(P<0.05 or P<0.01), T_(max) decreased(P<0.05 or P<0.01), and C_(max) increased(P<0.01) after compatibility. The trends of AKBA and β-BA were the same. Compared with RM-SH group, the T_(max) decreased(P<0.05), C_(max) increased(P<0.01), and the absorption rate increased in the normal group of Xihuang Formula. The results of urinary excretion showed that there was a decreasing trend in the urinary excretion rate and total urinary excretion of β-BA and AKBA after compatibility, but there was no statistical difference. Compared with normal group of Xihuang Formula, the AUC_(0-t) and AUC_(0-∞) of β-BA increased(P<0.05), T_(max) increased(P<0.05), and the clearance rate decreased in the breast precancerous lesion group. AUC_(0-t) and AUC_(0-∞) of AKBA showed an increasing trend, the in vivo retention time was prolonged, and the clearance rate was reduced, but there was no significant difference compared with the normal group. The cumulative urinary excretion and urinary excretion rate of β-BA and AKBA decreased under pathological conditions, indicating that pathological conditions could affect the in vivo process of β-BA and AKBA, and reduce their excretion in the form of prototype drugs, showing different pharmacokine-tic characteristics from normal physiological conditions. In this study, UPLC-MS/MS analysis method was established, which was sui-table for in vivo pharmacokinetic analysis of β-BA and AKBA. This study laid a foundation for the development of new dosage forms of Xihuang Formula.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Chromatography, Liquid , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Precancerous Conditions , Triterpenes/pharmacology
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1568-1587, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982815

ABSTRACT

METRNL is a recently identified secreted protein with emerging functions. This study is to find major cellular source of circulating METRNL and to determine METRNL novel function. Here, we show METRNL is abundant in human and mouse vascular endothelium and released by endothelial cells using endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi apparatus pathway. By creating endothelial cell-specific Metrnl knockout mice, combined with bone marrow transplantation to produce bone marrow-specific deletion of Metrnl, we demonstrate that most of circulating METRNL (approximately 75%) originates from the endothelial cells. Both endothelial and circulating METRNL decrease in atherosclerosis mice and patients. By generating endothelial cell-specific Metrnl knockout in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, combined with bone marrow-specific deletion of Metrnl in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice, we further demonstrate that endothelial METRNL deficiency accelerates atherosclerosis. Mechanically, endothelial METRNL deficiency causes vascular endothelial dysfunction including vasodilation impairment via reducing eNOS phosphorylation at Ser1177 and inflammation activation via enhancing NFκB pathway, which promotes the susceptibility of atherosclerosis. Exogenous METRNL rescues METRNL deficiency induced endothelial dysfunction. These findings reveal that METRNL is a new endothelial substance not only determining the circulating METRNL level but also regulating endothelial function for vascular health and disease. METRNL is a therapeutic target against endothelial dysfunction and atherosclerosis.

13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2348-2357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998301

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the therapeutic effect of rhubarb decoction (RD) retention enema on a rat model of minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) and its mechanism of action based on bile acid (BA) metabolomics. MethodsA total of 55 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into blank group (NC group with 10 rats), hepatic encephalopathy group (HE group with 15 rats), MHE group with 15 rats, and MHE+rhubarb decoction treatment group (MHEY group with 15 rats). Intraperitoneal injection of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and thioacetamide (TAA) was performed to establish a rat model of MHE or HE, and the rats were sacrificed after 2 weeks of administration. The serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), total bilirubin (TBil), and total bile acid (TBA) and the concentration of blood ammonia were measured; the colonic contents were collected to measure pH value; liver and brain tissue samples were collected, and HE staining was used to observe the histopathological changes of the liver; the bile was collected, and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to perform BA-targeted metabolomics analysis. Continuous data were expressed as mean±standard deviation; a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t-test was used for further comparison between two groups. ResultsCompared with the NC group, the HE group and the MHE group had a significant increase in searching platform latency (after modelling and after administration) and a significant reduction in the number of platform crossings (all P<0.05); compared with the MHE group, the MHEY group had a significant reduction in searching platform latency (after administration) and a significant increase in the number of platform crossings, and the HE group had a significant increase in searching platform latency and a significant reduction in the number of platform crossings (all P<0.05). Compared with the NC group, the HE group and the MHE group had significant increases in AST, ALT, ALP, TBil, TBA, blood ammonia, and colon pH value (all P<0.05); compared with the MHE group, the MHEY group had significant reductions in AST, ALT, ALP, TBil, TBA, blood ammonia, and colon pH value (all P<0.05), and the HE group had significant increases in AST, ALT, ALP, TBil, TBA, blood ammonia, and colon pH value (all P<0.05). The MHE group had significantly lower TBA, primary BA, and secondary BA than the NC group (all P<0.05); compared with the MHE group, the HE group had significantly lower TBA and primary BA (all P<0.05), and the MHEY group had significantly higher TBA and primary BA (all P<0.05). Compared with the NC group, the MHE group had significant reductions in GCDCA, GUDCA, GHDCA, TCDCA, TUDCA, GLCA, and TLCA (all P<0.05) and significant increases in γ-MCA, THCA, 7-KDCA, AlloLCA, and α-MCA (all P<0.05), and compared with the MHE group, the MHEY group had significant increases in THDCA, TMCA, TCDCA, TUDCA, and TLCA (all P<0.05). ConclusionRD retention enema can improve liver injury and cognitive function in a rat model of MHE induced by CCl4 and TAA by regulating the enterohepatic circulation of BA, possibly by increasing the synthesis of taurine-binding BA.

14.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 756-760, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998240

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the characteristics of health-related physical fitness of patients with chronic neck pain, and the relationship between neck pain and physical fitness. MethodsFrom Match to June, 2020, 30 healthy controls and 30 patients with chronic neck pain in Dalian University of Technology were included. They were assessed with Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Visual Analog Scale for pain (VAS). The body composition, grip strength (dominant), shoulder joint flexibility, cardiopulmonary endurance and neck muscle endurance of all the participants were measured. ResultsThe content of standardized subcutaneous fat was more, and the trunk muscle content was less in the patients than in the healthy controls, while the standardized grip strength, endurance of neck flexor and extensor, right shoulder flexibility, absolute maximum oxygen uptake were all poorer (|t| > 2.088, P < 0.05). The score of VAS correlated (P < 0.05) with the score of NDI score (r = 0.407), grip strength (r = -0.406), endurance of neck extensor (r = -0.384), right shoulder joint flexibility (r = -0.551) and absolute value of maximal oxygen uptake (r = -0.510). ConclusionHealth-related physical fitness has been impaired for patients with chronic neck pain, and correlates with the intensity of pain.

15.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 236-240, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913151

ABSTRACT

As a highly malignant gastrointestinal tumor, pancreatic cancer is highly invasive and metastatic, which leads to the low overall survival rate of patients with pancreatic cancer. Studies have shown that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is involved in the development, progression, invasion, and metastasis of pancreatic cancer through epigenetic, transcriptional or post-transcriptional regulation. Dysregulated expression of lncRNA is observed in pancreatic cancer and induces epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) through specific regulatory mechanisms, thereby causing the changes in the biological behavior of tumor cells. This article reviews the mechanisms of lncRNA in promoting EMT, regulating tumor biological function as competing endogenous RNA, and affecting the development, invasion, and metastasis of pancreatic cancer via multiple pathways by regulating the ferroptosis, autophagy, and exosome of tumor cells, in order to provide a theoretical basis and new targets for the early diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer.

16.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1423-1432, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957137

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early clinical effects of orthopedic surgery robot-assisted double Endobutton titanium plate internal fixation in the treatment of fresh acromioclavicular joint dislocation.Methods:Thirty-nine patients with fresh acromioclavicular joint dislocation were included from January 2020 to January 2022. A total of 19 patients were treated with double Endobutton suspension internal fixation assisted by the domestic third-generation orthopaedic surgical robot (TiRobot ? 2.0) Dimensity system. There were Rockwood type III in 11 cases, type IV in 8 cases. Twenty cases were treated with conventional incision double Endobutton internal fixation, with Rockwood type III in 13 cases, type V in 7 cases. The operation duration, blood loss volume, incision length and hospitalization time were compared between the two groups. The following CT parameters of acromioclavicular joint at 2 days and 1 year after operation, distance between distal inferior cortex of clavicle and subacromial cortex, distance between upper and lower endobuttons, horizontal distance between anterior edge of distal clavicle and anterior edge of acromion and diameter of coracoid process and diameter of clavicular tunnel were measured. The visual analogue score (VAS), Constant-Murley shoulder function score and shoulder abduction activity were also evaluated before and at 12 months after operation. Results:The follow-up duration was 10.8±2.4 months in the robot group and 11.5±3.1 months in the routine group. The VAS score of the robot group decreased from 5.3±2.1 to 0.3±0.2 at 12 months after operation ( t=10.46, P=0.014). The Constant-Murley score increased from 55.6±6.4 to 92.0±4.2. The range of shoulder abduction increased from 42.2°±5.4° to 172.6°±6.1° ( t=17.24, P<0.001). The operation duation of the robot group was 74.4±6.6 min, which was longer than that of the conventional group 61.7±7.2 min ( t=5.43, P=0.037). There was no significant difference in VAS score, Constant-Murley score, shoulder abduction activity or CT measurement between the two groups ( P>0.05). During the follow-up, two cases in the robot group had cortical osteolysis on the supraclavicular surface, one case in the conventional group had loss of reduction, one case in the supraclavicular cortical osteolysis, and 4 cases in the cortical defect on the side of the coracoid process tunnel. Conclusion:Orthopedic robot-assisted and conventional incision with double Endobutton titanium plate internal fixation in treating fresh acromioclavicular joint dislocation can achieve satisfied early clinical effects. Accurate establishment of clavicle and coracoid bone tunnel assisted by robot can overcome the defects of bone tunnel deviation in conventional incision operation and can prevent reduction and bone loss. However, robot-assisted and conventional incision Endobutton internal fixation could enlarge bone tunnel.

17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 399-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923588

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical application value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) after pediatric liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 126 pediatric recipients undergoing liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. The incidence of HAT after pediatric liver transplantation was summarized. Color Doppler ultrasound and CEUS manifestations of HAT were compared. Results According to color Doppler ultrasound, 17 cases were highly suspected with HAT. Nine cases were highly suspected with HAT by CEUS, who were subsequently confirmed by CT angiography (CTA) or surgery. CEUS manifestations of HAT showed that hepatic artery was not seen surrounding the portal vein during the arterial phase or even portal venous phase. Hepatocyte necrosis occurred in 4 patients with HAT, and no perfusion of intrahepatic contrast agent was observed on CEUS. Conclusions CEUS yields high clinical application value in the diagnosis of HAT after pediatric liver transplantation. It has significant advantages compared with traditional CTA, which could be widely applied in clinical practice.

18.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 239-244, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923502

ABSTRACT

@#The goal of the study was to investigate the protective effect and mechanism of Artemisia argyi ethanol extract on chemotherapeutic vancomycin (VAN)-induced acute kidney injury (AKI).The acute kidney injury model of male ICR mice was induced by intraperitoneal injection (ip) of VAN.Thirty mice were divided into the blank group, model group, high dose group, middle dose group and low dose group, which were given medicine by gastric perfusion (ig).Serum levels of cystain C (Cys C), blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and serum creatinine (Scr) were measured, which could reflect renal function of mice.Serum oxidative stress and inflammation indices were also determined, including muscular dystrophy association (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), Interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and high-sensitive c-reactive protein (hs-CRP).In addition, hematoxylin-eosin staining (HE) was employed for measuring the damage of renal tissues and the content of apoptosis b-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2 assaciated X protein (Bax) and caspase-3 were measured too.All results showed that Artemisia argyi extract exhibits protective effect on chemotherapeutic VAN-induced AKI, whose mechanism could be related to the oxidative stress, inflammatory reaction and apoptosis.

19.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E329-E334, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961732

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the mock circulation system (MCS) which can accurately reproduce the human hemodynamic environment for in vitro test in the development of artificial organs such as ventricular assist devices (VAD) and artificial heart-lung machine.Methods A double-heart MCS including the systemic and pulmonary circulation was established, which basically covered the main physiological characteristics and functions of the cardiovascular system. The simulation of valves and arteries were proposed with a new way made of silicone material. The MCS could simulate a variety of physiological environments such as normal human body, heart failure, valvular diseases, arteriosclerosis and peripheral obstruction changes by adjusting the control system parameters or structural parameters.The sensor and control system were used to realize the real-time display, control and data preservation of pressure and flow.Results The MCS could simulate the hemodynamic environment of normal human body and a variety of diseases, which were basically consistent with the actual human condition. The new valve and artery model reduced pressure fluctuations in a much better way. The HeartCon VAD of RocketHeart was connected to the experimental platform under simulated state of heart failure, and the hemodynamic environment (aortic pressure, left atrial pressure, cardiac output, etc.) could all be recovered to the normal range.Conclusions The MCS can accurately reproduce the hemodynamic environment of body and pulmonary circulation under a variety of physiological states, and provide an effective experimental platform for the performance test and control strategy design of artificial organs such as VAD. At the same time, the simulation method of making valves and arteries with silicone material can also be further improved in MCS.

20.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 334-338, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931168

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of transbronchial lung cryobiopsy guided by endobronchial ultrasound sheath (EBUS-GS-TBCB) in diagnosis of nonresolving pneumonias.Methods:Sixty patients with nonresolving pneumonias from March 2019 to July 2020 in Dalian Municipal Central Hospital were selected. The patients were divided into EBUS-GS-TBCB group (31 cases) and transbronchial forcep lung biopsy guided by endobronchial ultrasound sheath(EBUS-GS-TBLB) group (29 cases) by random digits table method.Results:The diagnostic rate of nonresolving pneumonias in EBUS-GS-TBCB group was significantly higher than that in EBUS-GS-TBLB group: 87.10% (27/31) vs. 65.52% (19/29), and there was statistical difference ( χ2 = 3.90, P = 0.048). There were no statistical difference in sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value between 2 groups ( P>0.05). There were no statistical difference inthe shortest distance from lesions to pleura, incidence of pneumothorax and incidence of bleeding between EBUS-GS-TBCB group and EBUS-GS-TBLB group: (27.42 ± 2.88) mm vs. (27.01 ± 2.37) mm, 6.45%(2/31) vs. 3.45%(1/29) and 22.58%(7/31) vs. 13.79% (4/29), P>0.05. Among the causes of nonresolving pneumonias, infectious factors accounted for 21.67% (13/60), non infectious factors accounted for 66.67% (40/60), and uncertain causes accounted for 11.67% (7/60). Conclusions:The diagnostic rate of EBUS-GS-TBCB in nonresolving pneumonias is significantly higher than EBUS-GS-TBLB, and the complications such as bleeding and pneumothorax do not increase significantly.

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