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1.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 115-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-862785

ABSTRACT

Massive blood loss and blood transfusion constantly occur in liver transplantation. Over the past two decades, the amount of blood transfusion during the perioperative period has been decreased dramatically along with the continual maturity of liver transplantation techniques. The goal of liver transplantation without blood transfusion has been achieved. Since bleeding and blood transfusion are correlated with poor prognosis after liver transplantation, reducing bleeding and unnecessary blood transfusion has become the key objective during perioperative period of liver transplantation. In this article, adverse effects of allogeneic blood transfusion during perioperative period of liver transplantation, coagulation function monitoring of patients with end-stage liver disease, blood transfusion management of liver transplant recipients and the strategies of reducing perioperative blood transfusion in liver transplantation were summarized, aiming to provide reference for reducing the requirement of blood transfusion during perioperative period of liver transplantation.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 328-335, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872615

ABSTRACT

Rhamnose synthase (RHM) is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of uridine diphosphate rhamnose (UDP-Rha), reversibly converting uridine diphosphate-glucose (UDP-Glc) into UDP-Rha in the presence of NADH or NADPH. In this research, yeast extract (YE) was used to stimulate Sorbus aucuparia suspension cells. Based on a previous study of the transcriptome database of S. aucuparia suspension cells, two RHMs were cloned from S. aucuparia and named SaRHM1 (GenBank No.: MK213340) and SaRHM2 (GenBank No.: MK213341). The SaRHM1 gene contained a 2 007 bp open reading frame (ORF) encoding a polypeptide of 668 amino acids with a molecular weight of 75.25 kD, and a theoretical isoelectric point (pI) of 7.24. The SaRHM2 gene contained a 2 040 bp ORF encoding a polypeptide of 679 amino acids with a molecular weight of 76.26 kD and pI of 6.41. Bioinformatic analysis indicated that SaRHM1 and SaRHM2 contained two special sequences of GxxGxxG/A and YxxxK. Multiple sequence alignments and phylogenetic trees show that SaRHM1 and SaRHM2 have high sequence similarity with other plant species of RHMs. The results of enzyme activity assays in vitro revealed that both recombinant SaRHM1 and SaRHM2 are able to convert UDP-Glc into UDP-Rha. SaRHMs displayed maximum activity at 40 ℃ and a pH of 8 and 9, respectively. The Km values of SaRHM1 and SaRHM2 for UDP-Glc were 212.4 ± 56.70 and 361.0 ± 63.74 μmol·L-1, respectively, with Vmax values of 235.5 ± 18.98 and 516.5 ± 22.30 nmol·min-1·μg-1, respectively. This study reports the cloning and sequencing of RHMs from S. aucuparia and verifies their function, which likely provide rhamnose donors for the subsequent biosynthesis of rhamnosides.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888008

ABSTRACT

Medicinal plants are beneficial to human health. However,most of the major producing regions of medicinal plants suffer from rust disease,which threatens the yield and quality of Chinese medicinal materials,thus causes huge economic loss,and hinders the sustainable development of the Chinese medicine industry. By the end of 2020,rust disease had been reported in medicinal plants of 76 species and 33 families. In the 76 species,79 rust pathogens were detected. The majority of these pathogens belonged to Puccinia( 33,39. 24%),Coleosporium( 14,15. 19%),and Aecidium( 11,13. 92%). Of these 79 rust pathogens,10 were autoecious and 13 were heteroecious. Through literature research,this study reviewed the symptoms,pathogen species,severity and distribution,prevalence and occurrence conditions,and control measures of rust disease in medicinal plants,and thereby summarized the research status of rust disease in medicinal plants and the gap with other plants,which is expected to serve as a reference for further research on rust disease in medicinal plants.


Subject(s)
Basidiomycota/genetics , Humans , Plant Diseases , Plants, Medicinal
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886533

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To discuss the operation skill and clinical effects of using domestic balloon-expandable Prizvalve® transcatheter "valve-in-valve" to treat the degenerated bioprosthesis in the tricuspid position. Methods    All the admitted surgical tricuspid valve bioprosthetic valve replacement patients were evaluated by computerized tomography angiography (CTA), ultrasound, and 3D printing technology, and 2 patients with a degenerated bioprosthesis were selected for tricuspid valve "valve-in-valve" operation. Under general anesthesia, the retro-preset Prizvalve® system was implanted into degenerated tricuspid bioprosthesis via the femoral vein approach under the guidance of transesophageal echocardiographic and fluoroscopic guidance. Results    Transcatheter tricuspid valve implantation was successfully performed in both high-risk patients, and tricuspid regurgitation disappeared immediately. The operation time was 1.25 h and 2.43 h, respectively. There was no serious complication in both patients, and they were discharged from the hospital 7 days after the operation. Conclusion    The clinical effect of the degenerated tricuspid bioprosthetic valve implantation with domestic balloon-expandable valve via femoral vein approach "valve-in-valve" is good. Multimodality imaging and 3D printing technology can safely and effectively guide the implementation of this innovative technique.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886496

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility and safety of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) through apical approach for aortic regurgitation of large annulus. Methods    From November 2019 to May 2020, 10 male patients aged 64.50±4.20 years with aortic valve insufficiency (AI) underwent TAVR in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital. The surgical instruments were 29# J-valveTM modified and the patients underwent TAVR under angiography. The preoperative and postoperative cardiac function, valve regurgitation, complications and left ventricular remodeling were summarized by ultrasound and CT before and after TAVR. Results    A total of 10 valves were implanted in 10 patients. Among them, 1 patient was transferred to the aortic arch during the operation and was transferred to surgical aortic valve replacement; the other 9 patients were successfully implanted with J-valve, with 6 patients of cardiac function (NYHA) class Ⅱ, 4 patients of grade Ⅲ. And there was a significant difference between preoperation and postoperation in left ventricular ejection fraction (44.70%±8.78% vs. 39.80%±8.48%, P<0.05) or aortic regurgitation (1.75±0.72 mL vs. 16.51±8.71 mL, P<0.05). After 3 months, the patients' cardiac function was good. Conclusion    TAVR is safe and effective in the treatment of severe valvular disease with AI using J-valve.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885628

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of repetitive high-frequency magnetic stimulation (H-F rTMS) of the dorsolateral part of the prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) combined with smoking-related cues on nicotine addicts′ cigarette craving, the concentration of exhaled CO and sleep quality.Methods:Sixty nicotine addicts were randomly divided into groups A, B and C, each of 20. All were given H-F rTMS five times a week for two weeks, while those in groups A and B watched smoking and non-smoking pictures for ten minutes, respectively. Before and after the intervention, all of the subjects self-reported their cigarette cravings using a visual analogue scale. Exhaled CO (CO ppm) was measured and the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) was evaluated. Results:After the intervention the average craving score, CO ppm and PSQI score had improved significantly in all three groups. The average craving score and CO ppm of group A were both significantly better than in the other two groups. Conclusions:rTMS can significantly improve cigarette craving, CO ppm and sleep quality of cigarette adicts. Viewing smoking-related pictures as an addition to rTMS can even better the effects of rTMS.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 233-241, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influence of unilateral periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) on the bony birth canal (BBC) in female patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) by using pelvic 3D-CT maximum-inscribed-sphere (MIS) method.Methods:A total of 62 female DDH patients of childbearing age were included in the present study. The DICOM data of their pre- and post-operative pelvic CT was collected. The diameters of the MIS in 25 layers of the BBC were measured on the Medical Imaging Interaction Toolkit (MITK) platform. Lateral center edge angle (LCE), T?nnis angle and the distance between the medial margin of the femoral head and Kohler's line were measured on standing anteroposterior pelvic radiographs before and after unilateral PAO. Patients were divided into severe (LCE≤0°) and non-severe group (0°<LCE<20°) according to their LCE values.Results:After unilateral PAO, the BBC above the sciatic spine (1-20th layer) narrowed (0.86-5.95 mm, P<0.05). However, there was no change in levels below the sciatic spine (21-25th layer, P>0.05). The anterior margin of acetabular fragment (1-13th layer) narrowed significantly (4.23-5.95 mm) after unilateral PAO with the narrowest part (5.62-5.95 mm) locating at the inferior margin of pubic ramus and the region superior to the lateral margin of obturator foramen (5-10th layer). The narrowest part of BBC before and after the surgery occurred at the level of bilateral sciatic spines (20th layer). The diameter of MIS changed significantly from 105.34±7.16 mm pre-operatively to 104.47±7.06 mm post-operatively ( t=2.198, P=0.032). There was a positive correlation between the inward displacement of the hip center and the narrowing of the 1-20th layer of the BBC. The decrease of T?nnis angle was positively correlated with the narrowing of the 1-10th layer of the BBC. The increase of LCE was negatively correlated with the narrowing of 2-5th layer of the BBC ( P<0.05). The standardized coefficients were with statistical significance when comparing the distance between the Kohler's line and the medial margin of the femoral head to the size of the 1-20th layer of the BBC ( β=0.27-0.50, P<0.05). The height was positively correlated with the size of the narrowest part of the BBC before and after the surgery ( r=0.565, r=0.586, P<0.001). There was no difference between severe group and non-severe group in their extent of BBC narrowing before and after surgery ( t=-0.685-0.655, P>0.05). Conclusion:Unilateral PAO results in mild narrowing of the BBC superior to the sciatic spine. The narrowest part of the BBC is located at the sciatic spine. Unilateral PAO has slight effects on the narrowest position of the BBC. Normal delivery of a healthy fetus in female patients with DDH of childbearing age could not be affected by unilateral PAO in normal BBC settings.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884652

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the treatment outcomes of neoadjoint therapy combined with liver transplantation versus radical hepatectomy for patients with surgically resectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma.Methods:A retrospective study was performed on the data of 64 patients with resectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma operated from January 2009 to December 2014 at the Organ Transplantation Department of the First Central Hospital of Tianjin. There were 43 males and 21 females, with an average age of 61.2 years. There were 45 patients who underwent radical hepatectomy in the liver resection group, and 19 patients who underwent combined neoadjuvant therapy (radiotherapy combined with 5-fluorouracil intravenous drip, transcatheter lumen radiotherapy, capecitabine oral administration) and liver transplantation in the liver transplantation group. The recurrence rates and survival rate were compared between groups.Results:The 1, 3 and 5 years cumulative survival rates of the liver transplantation group were 89.5%, 73.7% and 63.2%, respectively, which were significantly better than those of the liver resection group (80.0%, 53.3% and 35.6%) ( P<0.05). The postoperative tumor recurrence rate in the liver transplantation group was 31.6% (6/19), which was significantly lower than that in the liver resection group of 60.0% (27/45) ( P<0.05). Subgroup analysis using postoperative pathological results showed the cumulative survival rates of patients without lymph node metastasis (N 0) and those with negative resection margins (R 0) were not significantly different between groups ( P>0.05). However, for patients with regional lymph node invasion (N 1) and with R 0 resection margin, the cumulative survival rates at 1, 3 and 5 years after liver transplantation were 83.3%, 66.7% and 50.0%, respectively, which were significantly superior to the 64.3%, 28.6% and 14.3% of the liver resection group ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Hepatectomy is recommended for patients with N 0 R 0 resectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma. For patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma with marginally resectable N 1R 0, neoadjuvant therapy combined with liver transplantation resulted in significantly better long-term overall survival than resection.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predictive value of methyltransferase EZH2 expression level on the clinical efficacy and long-term prognosis of patients with primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGI-DLBCL).@*METHODS@#161 patients with newly treated PGI-DLBCL in our hospital from August 2013 to July 2019 were selected. The expression level of EZH2 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the short-term efficacy and long-term survival differences of patients with different levels of EZH2 were compared. The predictive values of EZH2 expression level on the short-term efficacy and long-term prognosis of PGI-DLBCL patients were analyzed by Log-rank test and COX risk proportional regression model. Chi-square test and Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the influencing factors of EZH2 expression level.@*RESULTS@#The complete response (CR) and overal response(OR) rates of those with high EZH2 expression were significantly lower than those with low EZH2 expression (P<0.001). The median OS and PFS of EZH2 high-level and low-level expression group was 37, 31 months and 49, 42 months, respectively. The cumulative OS and PFS rates of the high-level expression group were significantly lower than those of the low-level expression group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The high expression levels of H3K27me3, EZH2, BCL-2, BCL-6, c-MYC were closely related to the shortening of OS and PFS, while the high expression level of Ki-67 was closely related to the shortening of OS (P<0.05), of which the high expression levels of H3K27me3, EZH2, BCL-2, and BCL-6 were independent risk factors for shortening of OS and PFS. The expression level of EZH2 was positively correlated with the expression level of H3K27me3, BCL-6, c-MYC and Ki-67 (r=0.741, r=0.837, r=0.809, r=0.772), and the high expression levels of H3K27me3, BCL-6 and Ki-67 were independent factors influencing the high expression of EZH2.@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with PGI-DLBCL, the high expression of EZH2 significantly reduces the short-term CR and OR rates, which is an independent risk factor for the shortening of long-term OS and PFS rates, and it is independently related to the high expression of H3K27me3 and BCL6.


Subject(s)
Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879104

ABSTRACT

Ecological agriculture is a crucial way for agriculture of Chinese materia medica, which emphasizes the application of ecological principles in the cultivation of traditional Chinese medicine. While long-term intensive farming and modern chemical agriculture have threatened soil health, the sustainable development of ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica is constrained. No-til-lage can reduce both frequency and intensity of tillage. Compared with conventional agriculture, no-tillage can reduce soil disturbance, maintain no-tillage for a long or permanent period and keep mulching. The application of no-tillage has a long history. More and more studies have shown that no-tillage has many advantages over conventional tillage, and the ecological and economic benefits of no-tillage are particularly outstandingin long-term. The cultivation of Chinese medicinal materials adheres to the principle of not grabbing land from farmland, making full use of the soil resources under forests, mountains and wasteland. Reducing the risk of soil loss and sustai-nable utilization are the core issues in the process of new land cultivation. No-tillage application, which not only inherits the traditional Chinese concept of natural farming, but also integrates the laws of ecological agriculture, will become the core strategies of sustainable development of Chinese materia medica ecological agriculture. This study will introduce the basic concepts and development process of no-tillage, analyze their ecological benefits in ecological agriculture of Chinese materia medica, and put forward their application strategies.


Subject(s)
Agriculture , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sustainable Development
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888184

ABSTRACT

Indolealkylamines(IAAs) are the main hydrophilic substances in toad skin, mainly including free N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine, dehydrobufotenine, and binding bufothionine. In this study, the LPS-activated neutrophils were used to investigate the structure-activity relationship and anti-inflammatory mechanism of the above-mentioned five monomers from the toad skin in vitro. The neutrophils were divided into the control group, model group(1 μg·mL~(-1) LPS), positive drug group(100 μg·mL~(-1) indometacin), as well as the low-(50 μg·mL~(-1)), medium-(100 μg·mL~(-1)) and high-dose(200 μg·mL~(-1)) free N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine, dehydrobufotenine, and binding bufothionine groups. The levels of IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β in the neutrophil supernatant of each group was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) after LPS stimulation, followed by the detection of apoptosis in each group after Annexin V/PI staining. The protein expression levels of caspase-3, Bax, Bcl-2, beclin1, LC3-I, and LC3-Ⅱ were assayed by Western blot. The results showed that IAAs reduced the excessive secretion of inflammatory cytokines caused by LPS compared with the model group. Besides, the activity of each free IAAs(N-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine, bufotenine, bufotenidine and dehydrobufotenine), especially bufotenine, was stronger than that of the binding bufothionine. As revealed by Annexin V/PI staining, LPS delayed the early apoptosis of neutrophils compared with the control group, while bufotenine promoted the apoptosis of neutrophils in a dose-dependent manner, which might be related to the elevated expression of apoptosis-related protein Bax/Bcl-2. In addition, LPS activated the autophagy pathways in neutrophils. This study confirmed the efficacy of IAAs in reducing the secretion of inflammatory cytokines in neutrophils induced by LPS for the first time. For instance, bufotenine exerts the anti-inflammatory effect possibly by inducing the apoptosis of neutrophils.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Bufonidae , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Neutrophils , Skin
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888166

ABSTRACT

This study aims to systematically evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of tension-type headache(TTH), so as to provide a corresponding basis for clinical treatment. Eight commonly used medical research databases and two clinical trial registration systems were retrieved with the time interval from the establishment of the database or system to November 2020. The randomized controlled trials of Toutongning Capsules in the treatment of TTH were screened out according to the pre-set criteria. The quality of the included papers was evaluated by the bias risk assessment tool in Cochrane Reviewers Handbook 6.1 and the data were statistically analyzed by RevMan v5.4 provided by Cochrane collaboration. A total of 13 studies were included and the quality of methodology was generally low. Meta-analysis showed that Toutongning Capsules assisted with western medicine therapy can effectively reduce the pain intensity(MD_(VAS)=-1.94,95%CI[-2.50,-1.38],P<0.000 01;MD_(NRS)=-0.83,95%CI[-0.86,-0.80],P<0.000 01), headache duration(SMD=-0.98,95%CI[-1.17,-0.79],P<0.000 01), headache frequency(MD=-1.01,95%CI[-1.16,-0.85],P<0.000 01), headache index(MD=-11.13,95%CI[-12.10,-10.16],P<0.000 01), anxiety and depression scale score(MD_(HAMA)=-4.02,95%CI[-6.58,-1.46],P=0.002;MD_(HAMD)=-2.67,95%CI[-4.04,-1.29],P=0.000 1), while Toutongning Capsules as monotherapy only reduced the headache score(MD=-2.24,95%CI[-2.97,-1.51],P<0.000 01). The available clinical studies demonstrate that Toutongning Capsules combined with western medicine in the treatment of TTH can improve the related outcome indicators, but the clinical safety and efficacy of Toutongning Capsules alone remain unclear. Due to the small number and low quality of the included studies, large-sample, multi-center, high-quality and strictly designed randomized controlled trials are still needed to verify the clinical efficacy in the future.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Databases, Factual , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Tension-Type Headache/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888112

ABSTRACT

Twenty-six compounds, including sixteen meroterpenoids(1-16), a triterpenoid(17), four terpenoid derivatives(18-21), and five aromatic compounds(22-26), were isolated from the leaves of Psidium guajava. Their structures were identified by spectroscopic analyses including NMR and MS. Compounds 21-26 were obtained from plants of Psidium for the first time. Based on the structure,(R)-2-ethylhexyl 2H-1,2,3-triazole-4-carboxylate(24 a), an α-glucosidase inhibitor recently isolated from Paramignya trimera, should be revised as compound 24. Meroterpenoids 1-16 were evaluated for their antitumor and antifungal activities. Meroterpenoids psiguajadial D(4), guapsidial A(5), 4,5-diepipsidial A(7), guadial A(14), and guadial B(15) showed cytotoxicities against five human tumor cell lines(HL-60, A-549, SMMC-7721, MCF-7, and SW-480), among which 5 was the most effective with an IC_(50) of 3.21-9.94 μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Plant Extracts , Plant Leaves , Psidium , Terpenes
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of 3D printing aortic model for preoperative evaluation and surgical simulation, and to assist interventional treatment of coarctation of the aorta(CoA).Methods:From December 2017 to January 2019, 8 patients with congenital coarctation of the aorta who underwent percutaneous balloon dilatation and covered stent placement in Xijing Hospital of Air Force Military Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Among them, 7 cases were male and 1 case was female. The age was(32.00±14.93) years old. Before operation, CT data of patients' heart and aorta were collected, reconstructed with Mimics software, and 3D printing technology was used to make the model of patients' aortic lesions. Before operation, the operation simulation was carried out to determine the best operation scheme and estimate the possible situation, and the relevant clinical data of patients during hospitalization and follow-up were collected.Results:One stent graft was successfully implanted into CoA through femoral artery in all 8 patients. The mean diameter of CoA increased from(3.70±2.94) mm before operation to(18.01±1.51) mm immediately after operation( P<0.05), and the mean systolic pressure difference decreased from(83.75±25.44) mmHg before operation to(14.63±8.09) mmHg after operation( P<0.05). The mean systolic blood pressure of the right upper extremity decreased from(204.13±22.31) mmHg before operation to(145.63±32.08) mmHg after operation( P<0.05), and there was no significant difference between the two groups. During the period of hospitalization and follow-up, no corresponding cardiovascular complications were found. Conclusion:The short-term effect of percutaneous balloon dilatation covered stent implantation on CoA in adolescents and adults is obvious. 3D printing model can reproduce the anatomical model of CoA site of patients individually, which is feasible and effective for the preoperative evaluation of CoA and the preparation of operation plan.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910894

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical features of tuberculous peritonitis (TBP).Methods:The clinical data of 252 TBP patients admitted to three hospitals in Wuhu area from January 2014 to June 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and the clinical characteristics of TBP patients of different genders and ages were compared. SPSS 26.0 software was used to analyze the data.Results:Among 252 TBP patients, 130 were males (51.6%) and 122 were females (48.4%). History of abdominal surgery, abdominal masses, reproductive disorders, genital tuberculosis, and delay in diagnosis were more common in female patients (all P<0.01); while fever, cough/sputum expectoration, intestinal tuberculosis and active tuberculosis were more common in male patients (all P<0.01). The proportion of adenosine deaminase in ascites (ADA) ≥35 U/L, strong positive tuberculin test or T-cell spot test in middle-aged and elderly patients was lower than that in young patients ( P<0.01), but there was no significant difference between different genders. Compared with young patients, middle-aged and elderly patients had a low complete response rate, a high proportion of irregular medications, a high incidence of gastrointestinal reactions, liver damage and overall adverse reactions (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Female patients with TBP have fewer symptoms of systemic tuberculosis and high rate of delay in diagnosis, and are prone to complicated with reproductive tuberculosis. In middle-aged and elderly patients with TBP, the sensitivity of ADA and tuberculosis tests is decreased, and the anti-tuberculosis therapy is less effective. The study indicates that the clinical diagnosis and treatment of TBP should be optimized based on the gender and age of patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1287-1293, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the lesion characteristics and predictors of invasive coronary angiography (ICA)-verified obstructive lesions with fractional flow reserve (FFR)>0.80, that is, anatomy-function mismatch.Methods:A total of 515 obstructive vessels in 419 coronary disease patients from 11 Chinese medical centers undergoing coronary CT angiography and ICA and FFR were retrospectively analyzed. All vessels had one target lesion with diameter stenosis ≥50 % by ICA. There were 229 vessels in the match group (FFR≤0.80) and 286 vessels in the mismatch group (FFR>0.80). The lesion characteristics including lesion territory, the distance of the coronary artery ostium to the proximal end of the lesion, minimum lumen area, reference lumen area, plaque length and burden, plaque volume and component volume, remodeling index and plaque morphological complexity were measured and compared between the two groups. Optimal thresholds of quantitative plaque characteristics were defined by Yoden index. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the predictors of anatomy-function mismatch. Area under receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to analyze the ability of different lesion features to predict mismatched lesions.Results:The coronary stenosis, plaque burden and length, plaque volume (including each component volume) in the mismatch group were smaller than those in the match group, and FFR, minimum lumen area were larger (all P<0.05). Left anterior descending artery (LAD) lesion and severe complex plaque were more common in the match group than the mismatch group with a statistically significant difference. Univariate logistic regression analysis showed that LAD lesion, minimum lumen area>4 mm 2, plaque burden and length, plaque calcification volume<27 mm 3, plaque lipid volume<30 mm 3, plaque fiber volume<150 mm 3 and plaque morphological complexity were predictiors of anatomic function mismatched lesions; Multivariate logistic regression showed that the minimum lumen area>4 mm 2 (OR=3.371, 95%CI 1.903-5.973, P<0.001), plaque lipid volume<30 mm 3 (OR=3.014, 95%CI 1.691-5.373, P<0.001), plaque morphological complexity (mild OR=17.772, 95%CI 8.072-39.128, P<0.001, moderate OR=6.383, 95%CI 3.739-10.896, P<0.001) were independent predictors of mismatched lesions. The AUC of the model based on the minimum lumen area, plaque lipid volume and morphological complexity was 0.824, which was superior to either of the plaque feature alone ( P<0.001). Conclusions:The minimum lumen area, lipid volume and plaque morphological complexity are independent predictors of the anatomical-functional mismatch lesions, and the combination can significantly improve the prediction value.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 429-436, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of postoperative internal fixation failures of femoral intertrochanteric fractures and analyze the related reasons using the leverage-balance-reconstruction theory.Methods:A retrospective case series study was performed for 40 patients suffering from implant failure after internal fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fractures admitted to Peking University People's Hospital from January 1999 to December 2019. There were 20 males and 20 females, aged from 43 to 92 years [(74.1±11.5)years]. The patients were assigned to extramedullary fixation (extramedullary fixation group, 17 patients) and intramedullary fixation (intramedullary fixation group, 23 patients). Complications associated with internal fixation were recorded, including internal fixation cutout, coxa vara deformity of hip joint, internal fixation withdrawal, femoral heck shortening and internal fixation breakage. Based on the lever-balance-reconstruction theory, the failure reasons of internal fixation were analyzed in combination with the change of arm length and outward shift of fulcrum measured before operation, after internal fixation and after fixation failure.Results:Among 40 patients, internal fixation cutout occurred in 18 patients, coxa vara deformity of hip joint in 37, internal fixation withdrawal in 29, femoral neck shortening in 37 and internal fixation breakage in 3. In extramedullary fixation group, the lengths of primary power arm and resistance arm were (8.0±1.0)mm and (59.4±10.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation were (72.7±21.7)mm and (8.9±7.4)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation failure were (50.3±14.9)mm and (33.6±17.6)mm. In intramedullary fixation group, the lengths of primary power arm and resistance arm were (6.7±0.6)mm and (49.8±9.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation were (51.5±7.0)mm and (19.8±5.9)mm, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after fixation failure were (41.6±9.6)mm and (32.4±7.7)mm. In each group, the lengths of power arm and resistance arm after internal fixation showed significant differences from that of normal ones and from that after fixation failure ( P<0.05). The length of power arm in extramedullary fixation group was larger than that in intramedullary fixation group ( P<0.05). The shortening of power arm in extramedullary fixation group was larger than that in intramedullary fixation group after fixation failure ( P<0.05). Conclusions:The extramedullary and intramedullary fixation of femoral intertrochanteric fractures result in the displacement of reconstruction fulcrum. The shortening of power arm is observed after fixation failure. The leverage-balance-reconstruction theory is helpful to analyze the cause of complications. The power arm after extramedullary fixation is longer than that after intramedullary fixation and is therefore more prone to fixation failure. The primary cause of postoperative internal fixation complications is to achieve a new balance of leverage.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909541

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the heterogeneity of behavioral problems and cognitive function of three subtypes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD), and to analyze the related factors of cognitive function.Methods:The outpatients with ADHD were evaluated by Wechsler children′s intelligence test (C-WISC), SNAP-Ⅳ parental rating scale (SNAP-Ⅳ), Conners parental symptom questionnaire (PSQ) and 12 online cognitive function tests. The differences of behavioral problems and cognitive function of children with different subtypes of ADHD, and the correlation between their intelligence level, PSQ, SNAP-Ⅳ and cognitive function were compared by SPSS 22.0 software.Results:The results of PSQ questionnaire showed that ADHD-C ((1.11±0.59), (1.59±0.58), (1.62±0.50)) had higher behavior problems, impulse-hyperactivity and hyperactivity index than ADHD-I ((0.64±0.27), (1.01±0.54), (1.09±0.32)) and ADHD-HI ((0.75±0.35), (1.22±0.58), (1.05±0.38)) ( F=9.374, F=7.644, F=15.176, P<0.05), while ADHD-C (2.01±0.55) had higher learning problems than ADHD-I (1.66±0.58) and ADHD-HI (1.16±0.43) ( F=11.709, P<0.05). In terms of cognitive function, there were differences in language understanding ability, digital reasoning ability, sequence relationship and short-term memory ability ( χ2=6.734, 7.192, 7.822, 8.646, all P<0.05) among the three groups of ADHD children. ADHD-HI (4.00(4.00, 5.00), 5.00(4.25, 6.00), 5.00(4.00, 7.00)) had better language understanding ability, digital reasoning ability and sequence relationship than ADHD-I (3.00(2.00, 5.00), 3.00(2.50, 6.00), 4.00(3.00, 5.50)). The short-term memory ability of ADHD-HI (5.00(4.00, 6.00)) and ADHD-C (5.00(4.00, 6.00)) were better than that of ADHD-I (4.00(3.00, 5.00)). The intellectual structure of ADHD children was positively correlated with spatial cognitive ability, sequential relationship, Raven reasoning test, short term memory span and Wisconsin card sorting test ( r=0.25-0.57, all P<0.05). Children′s learning problems and psychosomatic problems were negatively correlated with their digital comprehension ability ( r=-0.26, -0.25, both P<0.05). Conclusion:The behavioral problems and cognitive function of children with different subtypes of ADHD are different and have a certain correlation.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909332

ABSTRACT

In the 42 nd and 44 th workshops of CSPEN-nutritional risk-undernutrition-support-outcome-cost effectiveness ratio (NUSOC) multi-center database collaboration group, Jens Kondrup and Henrik Rasmussen described again the application of NRS 2002, the evidence-based basis of NRS 2002 development and the methodology for prospective validation of clinical effectiveness. There is no gold standard for validation. They both considered that malnutrition could be identified as a score of 3 or more for impaired nutritional status in NRS 2002. Although NRS 2002 is simple and easy to be applied, it is not comprehensive enough for malnutrition diagnosis. ASPEN and ESPEN on-line published the Global Leadership (nutritional) Initiative on Malnutrition(GLIM)diagnosis criteria in September 2018. With the gradual implementation of medicare payment based on diagnosis related groups(DRG)in China, the nutritional risk and the malnutrition diagnosis with Chinese version of ICD-10 (2016) code should be recorded in the first page of the medical records. In this terminology interpretations, the terms of nutritional risk screening(NRS 2002.01.016)and malnutrition diagnosis (GLIM-phenotypic criteria 01.028, etiologic criteria 01.029) published in Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition Terminology 2019 are discussed based on the reports given by Kondrup and Rasmussen in Beijing and Zhengzhou.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation combined with positive expiratory pressure device on pulmonary function, inflammatory factors and short-term prognosis in older adult patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD), which provide objective evidence for clinical treatment and prognosis evaluation of this disease.Methods:Eighty-three older adult patients with AECOPD who received treatment in Taizhou Central Hospital, China between January 2016 and December 2018 were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to undergo either noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (control group, n = 38) or noninvasive positive pressure ventilation combined with positive expiratory pressure device (study group, n = 45) for 7 days. Pulmonary function, blood gas indexes, inflammatory factor levels and curative effect were compared between the two groups. Results:After treatment, partial pressure of oxygen (PaO 2) and oxygenation index (PaO 2/FiO 2) in each group were significantly increased, and partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO 2) was significantly decreased, compared with before treatment (all P < 0.05). The degree of improvement in PaO 2, PaCO 2 and PaO 2/FiO 2 in the study group was greater than that in the control group ( t = 2.261, 6.854, 2.040, all P < 0.05). The ratio of forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV 1) to forced vital capacity (FEV 1/FVC), the ratio of FEV1 to predicted value (FEV 1/Pre), and the maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) per minute in each group were significantly increased compared with before treatment. After treatment, the degree of increase in FEV 1/FVC, FEV 1/Pre, and MVV in the study group was greater than that in the control group ( t = 2.442, 2.120, 2.944, all P < 0.05). After treatment, serum levels of inerleukin-8, tumor necrosis factor-α, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in each group were significantly decreased compared with before treatment (all P < 0.05). After treatment, the degree of decrease in serum levels of inerleukin-8, tumor necrosis factor-α, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein in the study group was significantly greater than that in the control group ( t =7.978, 10.857, 8.543, all P < 0.05). Length of hospital stay, duration of antibiotic use, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease assessment test score and St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire score in the study group were (7.52 ± 1.38) days, (7.14 ± 1.38) days, (18.95 ± 4.76) points, (1.73 ± 4.21) points, respectively, which were significantly shorter/lower than those in the control group [(8.55 ± 1.47) days, (8.25 ± 1.45) days, (8.07 ± 5.81) points, (55.97 ± 5.28) points, t = -2.510, -2.722, -7.943, -10.351, all P < 0.05]. Conclusion:Noninvasive positive pressure ventilation combined with positive expiratory pressure device can effectively improve the pulmonary function of older adult patients with AECOPD, decrease the level of inflammatory factors, and improve short-term prognosis. This study is highly innovative and scientific and is of significance for clinical promotion.

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