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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 797-803, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016527

ABSTRACT

Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a type of primary liver cancer that accounts for about 10%‍ — ‍15% of the total cases, and its incidence and mortality rates tend to increase significantly around the world, especially in Asian countries. At present, radical liver resection is the only possible cure for ICC, but with a fairly high postoperative recurrence rate and a poorer prognosis than hepatocellular carcinoma. Therefore, it is urgently needed to further investigate the mechanisms of the development and progression of ICC and search for more effective treatment methods. Some epidemiological data suggest that chronic hepatitis B virus infection is one of the most important predisposing factors for ICC, yet little is known about its oncogenic effects. This article summarizes the epidemiological evidence that links the two diseases and briefly elaborates on the mechanisms of the development and progression of HBV-associated ICC, so as to help to gain a better understanding of the role of HBV in the development and progression of ICC.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 381-389, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013622

ABSTRACT

Aim To discover the potential active compounds and possible mechanisms in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) treatment with Zhi-Huang-Zhi-Tong powder (ZHZTP) by using network pharmacology and in vitro study. Methods The active ingredient targets and disease targets of Zhihuang Zhitong Powder were searched and screened by database; they intersected to get a common target; and the "drug-component-target" relationship network diagram was constructed for GO and KEGG enrichment analysis of the overlapping genes; then the core components were docked with the core targets. Finally, based on the inflammation model of HUVECs in vitro, the efficacy and mechanism of Zhihuang Zhitong powder were verified by MTT method, plate scratch test and Western blot. Results Active compounds involved in RA treatment were screened in the present study, and the top two were ursolic acid and emodin, all playing crucial roles in RA treatment with ZHZTP. Additionally, the key target was AKTA, TNF and IL-6. GO and KEGG enrichment analysis revealed that ZHZTP regulated BP, MF and CC, and also focused on regulating AKTA, TNF and IL-6 signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed that interactions between key active compounds and key targets were stable. In vitro ZHZTP significantly inhibited cell viability and migration of TNF-a-stimulated HUVECs, and the involved mechanism may be associated with PI3K/AKT/m-TOR signaling. Conclusions The present study reveals that the potential active compounds of ZHZTP are ursolic acid and emodin, and moreover, the involved mechanisms of ZHZTP for RA treatment are associated with PI3 K/AKT/m-TOR signaling.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 405-420, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011237

ABSTRACT

Lignans are a powerful weapon for plants to resist stresses and have diverse bioactive functions to protect human health. Elucidating the mechanisms of stereoselective biosynthesis and response to stresses of lignans is important for the guidance of plant improvement. Here, we identified the complete pathway to stereoselectively synthesize antiviral (-)-lariciresinol glucosides in Isatis indigotica roots, which consists of three-step sequential stereoselective enzymes DIR1/2, PLR, and UGT71B2. DIR1 was further identified as the key gene in respoJanuary 2024nse to stresses and was able to trigger stress defenses by mediating the elevation in lignan content. Mechanistically, the phytohormone-responsive ERF transcription factor LTF1 colocalized with DIR1 in the cell periphery of the vascular regions in mature roots and helped resist biotic and abiotic stresses by directly regulating the expression of DIR1. These systematic results suggest that DIR1 as the first common step of the lignan pathway cooperates with PLR and UGT71B2 to stereoselectively synthesize (-)-lariciresinol derived antiviral lignans in I. indigotica roots and is also a part of the LTF1-mediated regulatory network to resist stresses. In conclusion, the LTF1-DIR1 module is an ideal engineering target to improve plant Defenses while increasing the content of valuable lignans in plants.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 236-241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994315

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aimed to investigate the effect of lipohypertrophy induced by insulin injection on blood glucose fluctuation in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.Methods:A total of 80 patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus were recruited between June 2021 and December 2021 from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. And these patients all received insulin injection more than six months. Lipohypertrophy was assessed by ultrasound scanning, and blood glucose fluctuation was evaluated using the flash glucose monitoring system(FGM). Univariate analysis and multivariate linear regression were used to analyze the relationship of lipohypertrophy and and core indicators of blood glucose fluctuation.Results:Compared with patients without lipohypertrophy, patients with lipohypertrophy had higher mean amplitude of glycemic excursions(MAGE), coefficient of variation(CV), mean of daily differences(MODD), standard deviation(SD) of blood glucose, time above range(TAR), and high blood glucose index(HBGI; all P<0.05), while time in range(TIR) of glucose markedly become lower( P<0.01). Moreover, multivariate linear regression analysis showed that lipohypertrophy detected by ultrasound was an independent influencing factor of TIR( β=-9.423, P=0.032), MAGE( β=1.114, P=0.039), CV( β=4.304, P=0.041), MODD( β=0.717, P=0.046) after adjusting for age at diagnosis, duration of insulin injection, fasting C-peptide, and daily dose of insulin per unit weight. Conclusion:Lipohypertrophy increases glycemic variability and imposes negative impact on glycemic control rate in patients type 1 diabetes mellitus.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 322-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994193

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the protective effect of pressure-controlled volume-guaranteed ventilation (PC-VG) combined with dexmedetomidine on the lung of pediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery.Methods:Forty-eight pediatric patients of either sex, aged 2-6 yr, weighing 8-21 kg, scheduled for elective laparoscopic pyeloplasty, were divided into 3 groups ( n=16 each) using a random number table method: volume-controlled ventilation (VCV) group (V group), PC-VG group (P group), and PC-VG combined with dexmedetomidine group (PD group). In PD group, dexmedetomidine was intravenously infused for 15 min at a loading dose of 0.5 μg/kg starting from the time point before anesthesia induction followed by a continuous infusion of 0.2-0.5 μg·kg -1·h -1 until the end of operation. VCV mode was used in group V, and PC-VG mode was used in P and PD groups, ventilator settings were adjusted to the mode with a tidal volume 6-8 ml/kg, respiratory rate 15-25 breaths/min, inspiratory/expiratory ratio 1∶2, oxygen flow rate 2 L/min, fraction of inspired oxygen 60%, and P ETCO 2 was maintained at 35-40 mmHg during mechanical ventilation in three groups. At 5 min before pneumoperitoneum (T 0), 10, 60 and 120 min of pneumoperitoneum (T 1-3) and 10 min after release of pneumoperitoneum pressure (T 4), peak airway pressure (Ppeak), mean airway pressure (Pmean), compliance of lung (C L) and airway resistance (Raw) were recorded, alveolar-arterial oxygen partial pressure difference (PA-aO 2), oxygenation index (OI), and respiratory index (RI) were recorded. The occurrence of pulmonary complications was recorded within 7 days after operation. Results:Compared with V group, the Ppeak and Raw were significantly decreased and C L was increased at T 1-4, and PA-aO 2 and RI were decreased and OI was increased at T 3, 4 in P group and PD group ( P<0.05). Compared with P group, no significant change was found in the parameters of respiratory mechanics mentioned above at each time point ( P>0.05), and PA-aO 2 and RI were decreased and OI was increased at T 3, 4 in PD group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications among the three groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:PC-VG combined with dexmedetomidine has a certain lung-protective effect in pediatric patients undergoing laparoscopic surgery.

6.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1569-1575, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990374

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the ego-depletion level of adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and to explore its association with glycemic control and quality of life.Methods:This was a cross-sectional survey study. A total of 195 adolescents with T1DM were recruited from the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from March to September 2022 by convenient sampling method. The Self-Regulatory Fatigue Scale (SRF-S) and Short Form of the Chinese version Diabetes Quality of Life for Youth Scale (C-DQOLY-SF) and the general information questionnaire were collected and the glycated hemoglobin (HbA 1c) value was detected. Results:The total score of self-regulatory fatigue for 195 adolescents with T1DM was (42.23 ± 9.94) points, with a scoring rate of 52.79%, which was at a medium level. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the total score of self-regulatory fatigue was positively correlated with HbA1c ( r = 0.25, P<0.01), and negatively correlated with quality of life ( r = -0.61, P<0.01). The hierarchical linear regression results showed that after controlling for demographic sociolagy and disease variables, ego-depletion had a positive predictive effect on HbA1c ( t = 3.69, P<0.01), while ego-depletion had a negative predictive effect on Quality of life ( t = -8.48, P<0.01). Conclusions:Ego-depletion of adolescents with T1DM may affect their blood glucose control and quality of life, which should be noticed by medical workers.

7.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 467-471, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986053

ABSTRACT

At present, there are disadvantages with the detection for occupational hazard factors, such as insufficient monitoring data, poor timeliness, weak representativeness, long detection cycles, and inability to continuously monitor. Taking advantages of internet of things technology, an online monitoring platform for occupational hazard factors has been designed. The platform collects the concentration (intensity) of hazard factors through sensors, transmits the occupational hazards data collected online in realtime. The online monitoring cloud center for occupational hazard factors processes and analyzes online monitoring data in realtime, stores the hazard factors data to form database management, and provides user application services to form an intelligent online monitoring service model for occupational hazard factors. Based on the online monitoring platform of occupational hazard factors, multi-level government health supervision departments and employers can grasp the status of hazard factors in real time, which is conducive to improving the level of occupational hazard supervision.


Subject(s)
Internet of Things , Internet
8.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 936-941, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984246

ABSTRACT

Background China is a big country in the production and use of antibiotics. The abuse of antibiotics enables bacteria in water environment to acquire resistance, and promotes the generation and spread of antibiotics resistance genes (ARGs). The problem of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is increasingly serious and has become a public security issue of global concern. Water environment is a huge reservoir of antibiotics and ARGs. It is of great significance to study the pollution of antibiotics and ARGs in water to protect water sources and optimize the biosecurity of drinking water. Objective To evaluate the detection of antibiotics and ARGs in typical water sources, and to explore the relationship between antibiotics and ARGs. Methods Water samples were collected in Heilongjiang, Liaoning, and Hubei provinces during the wet season (from August to October) in 2020. Ten water samples were collected from each of the three places, and a total of 30 water samples were collected in this study. Five kinds of antibiotics, including macrolides, quinolones, sulfonamides, tetracycline, and β-lactam, were detected by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS). The integron (Intl1), 16S rRNA, and 6 kinds of ARGs were detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). The ARGs include one macrolide ARGs (ermB), one β-lactam ARGs (blaTEM), two tetracycline ARGs (tetC, tetQ), and two sulfonamide ARGs (sul1, sul2). Results The types of detected antibiotics varied by the three regions, and the concentration ranges of the same antibiotics varied by the three regions (P<0.05). The concentration ranges of selected five kinds of antibiotics were 0.11-418.80 ng·L−1 in region A, 0.12-23.23 ng·L−1 in region B, and 4.69-285.75 ng·L−1 in region C, respectively. The detection rates of all six ARGs were 100%. The absolute abundance of ARGs in region A ranged from 22.56 to 94355.91 copies·mL−1, that in region B ranged from 27.99 to 80584.32 copies·mL−1, and that in region C ranged from 41.99 to 111068.19 copies·mL−1. The absolute abundance of blaTEM was higher among the ARGs, followed by sul1 and sul2. In addition, the absolute abundance of Intl1 was also at a high level. The results of correlation analysis showed that the abundance of ARGs was positively correlated with each other. There was no correlation between specific antibiotics and corresponding ARGs. There was a positive correlation between Intl1 and sul1 or sul2 (P<0.05). Conclusion The types and concentrations of antibiotics and the abundance of ARGs in source water vary greatly in the study areas. The association between antibiotics and ARGs is uncertain. Intl1 may play an important role in the horizontal transfer of sulfonamide resistance genes.

9.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 10-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970101

ABSTRACT

The present study was aimed to investigate whether Gasdermin D (GSDMD)-mediated pyroptosis participated in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis-associated acute kidney injury (AKI), and to explore the role of caspase-1 and caspase-11 pyroptosis pathways in this process. The mice were divided into four groups: wild type (WT), WT-LPS, GSDMD knockout (KO) and KO-LPS. The sepsis-associated AKI was induced by intraperitoneal injection of LPS (40 mg/kg). Blood samples were taken to determine the concentration of creatinine and urea nitrogen. The pathological changes of renal tissue were observed via HE staining. Western blot was used to investigate the expression of pyroptosis-associated proteins. The results showed that the concentrations of serum creatinine and urea nitrogen in the WT-LPS group were significantly increased, compared with those in the WT group (P < 0.01); whereas serum creatinine and urea nitrogen in the KO-LPS group were significantly decreased, compared with those in the WT-LPS group (P < 0.01). HE staining results showed that LPS-induced renal tubular dilatation was mitigated in GSDMD KO mice. Western blot results showed that LPS up-regulated the protein expression levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β), GSDMD and GSDMD-N in WT mice. GSDMD KO significantly down-regulated the protein levels of IL-1β, caspase-11, pro-caspase-1, caspase-1(p22) induced by LPS. These results suggest that GSDMD-mediated pyroptosis is involved in LPS-induced sepsis-associated AKI. Caspase-1 and caspase-11 may be involved in GSDMD cleavage.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Acute Kidney Injury , Caspase 1 , Caspases/metabolism , Creatinine , Lipopolysaccharides , Mice, Knockout , Nitrogen , Sepsis , Urea , Gasdermins/metabolism
10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1161-1169, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009864

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To explore the molecular characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) in children, and to compare the molecular characteristics of different types of strains (infection and colonization strains) so as to reveal pathogenic molecular markers of S. aureus.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study design was used to conduct nasopharyngeal swab sampling from healthy children in the community and clinical samples from infected children in the hospital. Whole genome sequencing was used to detect antibiotic resistance genes and virulence genes. A random forest method to used to screen pathogenic markers.@*RESULTS@#A total of 512 S. aureus strains were detected, including 272 infection strains and 240 colonization strains. For virulence genes, the carrying rates of enterotoxin genes (seb and sep), extracellular enzyme coding genes (splA, splB, splE and edinC), leukocytotoxin genes (lukD, lukE, lukF-PV and lukS-PV) and epidermal exfoliating genes (eta and etb) in infection strains were higher than those in colonization strains. But the carrying rates of enterotoxin genes (sec, sec3, seg, seh, sei, sel, sem, sen, seo and seu) were lower in infection strains than in colonization strains (P<0.05). For antibiotic resistance genes, the carrying rates of lnuA, lnuG, aadD, tetK and dfrG were significantly higher in infection strains than in colonization strains (P<0.05). The accuracy of cross-validation of the random forest model for screening pathogenic markers of S. aureus before and after screening was 69% and 68%, respectively, and the area under the curve was 0.75 and 0.70, respectively. The random forest model finally screened out 16 pathogenic markers (sem, etb, splE, sep, ser, mecA, lnuA, sea, blaZ, cat(pC233), blaTEm-1A, aph(3')-III, ermB, ermA, ant(9)-Ia and ant(6)-Ia). The top five variables in the variable importance ranking were sem (OR=0.40), etb (OR=3.95), splE (OR=1.68), sep (OR=3.97), and ser (OR=1.68).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The random forest model can screen out pathogenic markers of S. aureus and exhibits a superior predictive performance, providing genetic evidence for tracing highly pathogenic S. aureus and conducting precise targeted interventions.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Enterotoxins/genetics , Staphylococcal Infections , Whole Genome Sequencing
11.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 474-487, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015724

ABSTRACT

Mytilus is a bivalve species with important economic and ecosystem value over worldwide. Mytilus antimicrobial peptides‚ with strong molecular diversity‚ has become a research focus. Two novel antimicrobial peptides were identified from Mytilus‚ with structural features that similar to arthropod defensins. However‚ the functional features and the immune mechanism of these two mussel defensins are unknown. For this reason‚ the two novel defensins‚ Arthropod like defensn-1 and -2 (ALD-1 and ALD-2‚ respectively)‚ were studied for the sequence features‚ expression profiles‚ and the dynamic expression pattern after different microbe induction. In addition‚ solid phase chemical synthesis technology was used for the synthesis of these two novel ALDs‚ and the function of synthesized peptides of ALD was verified. The results indicated that‚ two ALDs of M. coruscus have classical structure features similar to those of other arthropod defensins. These two ALDs are mainly presented in the tissues of mantle and digestive gland of mussel. The results also suggest that ALD-1 was expressed at higher levels in the gonads of males than in females (P<0. 05). The expression of two ALDs is developmentally regulated‚and both ALD-1 and ALD-2 were undetectable in larvae‚ but can be detected with high expression level at adult mussel with age of six months. The dynamic changes in the expression level of two ALDs after microbial induction were examined‚ and the results showed a marked increase in expression level observed in vivo for both ALDs. Interestingly‚ two ALDs showed different sensitivities to different microbes‚ indicating very complex responses during the mussel immune response. This observation strongly suggests the existence of different recognition mechanism or signal transduction pathway in mussels for the expression of ALD-1 and ALD-2. Moreover‚ both of two chemical synthesized ALDs showed significant antimicrobial activities against five tested microbes with an inhibition ratio of 20%-80%. These results provided basis for understanding the molecule mechanism of Mytilus immunology‚ and the function of novel Mytilus defensins‚ and thusly provided basis for the development of molecular resource for mussel antimicrobial peptides.

12.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 573-578, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984148

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze and predict the striking velocity range of stick blunt instruments in different populations, and to provide basic data for the biomechanical analysis of blunt force injuries in forensic identification.@*METHODS@#Based on the Photron FASTCAM SA3 high-speed camera, Photron FASTCAM Viewer 4.0 and SPSS 26.0 software, the tester's maximum striking velocity of stick blunt instruments and related factors were calculated and analyzed, and inputed to the backpropagation (BP) neural network for training. The trained and verified BP neural network was used as the prediction model.@*RESULTS@#A total of 180 cases were tested and 470 pieces of data were measured. The maximum striking velocity range was 11.30-35.99 m/s. Among them, there were 122 female data, the maximum striking velocity range was 11.63-29.14 m/s; there were 348 male data, the maximum striking velocity range was 20.11-35.99 m/s. The maximum striking velocity of stick blunt instruments increased with the increase of weight and height, but there was no obvious increase trend in the male group; the maximum striking velocity decreased with age, but there was no obvious downward trend in the female group. The maximum striking velocity of stick blunt instruments has no significant correlation with the material and strike posture. The root mean square error (RMSE), the mean absolute error (MAE) and the coefficient of determination (R2) of the prediction results by using BP neural network were 2.16, 1.63 and 0.92, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The prediction model of BP neural network can meet the demand of predicting the maximum striking velocity of different populations.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Neural Networks, Computer , Software , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Forensic Medicine
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 861-864, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism of one patient with abnormal serological phenotype in RhD and discuss the transfusion strategy.@*METHODS@#The RhD variant sample was screened from a patient with IgM type anti-D antibody and further determined by three different sources of anti-D antibodies. Ten exons and the adjacent introns of the RHD gene were amplified, purified and sequenced. RhCE phenotypes and RHCE genotypes were detected.@*RESULTS@#The patient with Rh variant showed abnormal results of serological tests. The RHD gene sequence analysis showed that the RHD*01W.01 with a variation (c.809T>G, p.Val270Gly) in exon 6 of the RHD gene was found in the patient. The RhCE phenotype was CcEe. The genotyping results of RHCE were consistent with the serological typing results.@*CONCLUSION@#The Rh variant of the patient is RHD*01W.01, these findings indicate that RhD variants should be analyzed by molecular assays for the sake of safe transfusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Blood Transfusion , Exons , Genotype , Phenotype , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics
14.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 553-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976137

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To assess the occupational health risk of noise in a plastic products enterprise and determine the key risk Methods - points. The workplace of a plastic products enterprise and its 388 noise exposed workers were selected as the , research subjects using a convenient sampling method. The noise intensity in the workplace of the enterprise was measured and - GBZ/T 229.4-2012 the individual noise exposure level and pure tone hearing test were carried out in the noise exposed workers. Classification of Occupational Hazards at Workplaces--Part 4: Occupational Exposure to Noise( GBZ/T hereinafter referred to as 229.4-2012) - was used to evaluate the hazardous degree of noise in different posts. The risk of high frequency hearing loss ( ) - ( ) - , , HFHL and occupational noise induced deafness ONID in noise exposed workers in different posts at 45.0 50.0 55.0 and WS/T 754-2016 Guideline for Risk Management of Occupational Noise Hazard( 60.0 years of age were predicted using hereinafter WS/T 754-2016)Results referred to as . The noise in the workplace of this plastic product enterprise was found to exceed the - occupational exposure limits with the rate of 46.6%. The maximum level of normalization of equivalent continuous A weighted - ( ) sound pressure level to a nominal 40 h working week of exposure to noise in workers of six posts was 84.0 93.0 dB A . - , , , According to GBZ/T 229.4 2012 the noise hazards of the posts including extrusion premixing unloading and utility - , maintenance were mild or moderate except for the film and packaging posts. According to WS/T 754 2016 the risks of HFHL in , , the film and packaging operators at age ≥50.0 years old were at acceptable risk and the risks of HFHL in operators of extrusion , , premixing unloading and utility maintenance at age ≥45.0 years old were at moderate risk or high risk. The risks of ONID for , the film packaging and utility maintenance operators at age ≥55.0 years old were at acceptable risk or moderate risk. The risksof ONID for extrusion premixing and unloading operators at age ≥50.0 years old were at high risk. Extrusion operators with ( ) exposure to toluene below the occupational exposure limit had a higher risk of HFHL high risk than unloading operators ( ) Conclusion moderate risk at age 45.0 years with the same noise intensity. The noise exposure intensity is high in the , workplace of the plastic product enterprise. The workers in posts of extrusion premixing and unloading are at high risk levels of HFHL and ONID.

15.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 193-206, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937755

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is widely used to treat breast cancer (BC). The prediction and evaluation of chemotherapy responses remains a significant challenge. @*Methods@#MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play a crucial role in cancer drug resistance. We used a miRNA microarray and identified that miR-638 is downregulated in chemoresistant cases.However, the exact role of miR-638 and the underlying mechanisms of chemoresistance remain unclear. Using real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction, we found significant downregulation of miR-638 in chemoresistant patients compared with chemosensitive patients. To explore the function of miR-638, we overexpressed and inhibited miR-638 expression in MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 cells by transfecting them with miR-638 mimics and miR-638 inhibitor, respectively. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured using MTS and flow cytometry, respectively. A minimal patient-derived xenograft (MiniPDX™) model was established to evaluate the chemosensitivity to different drugs. @*Results@#The results showed that cell proliferation decreased and cell apoptosis increased in cells transfected with the miR-638 mimic, and cell proliferation and apoptosis were reversed with transfection of miR-638 inhibitor compared with the control group. Among patients who received 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), miR-638 expression levels were lower in the chemoresistant group than in the chemosensitive group. The MiniPDX™ model showed that MDA-MB-231 cells overexpressing miR-638 were more susceptible to 5-FU treatment in vivo. @*Conclusion@#We provided evidence of acquired resistance to 5-FU caused by miR-638 deficiency. Alterations in miR-638 may be used with 5-FU chemotherapy during NAC for BC.

16.
Chinese Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; (6): 255-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930340

ABSTRACT

The most common cause of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) is parathyroid adenoma. Surgery is the most effective method to treat PHTP. The data of 10 patients who underwent endoscopic complete areola approach for parathyroid adenoma resection in our hospital from Jan. 2018 to Oct. 2021 were reviewed. It is considered that this method is feasible and has certain advantages compared with traditional surgery.

17.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 464-470, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930237

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of antimicrobial stewardship based on self-developed antibiotic clinical decision support system (aCDSS) in the inpatients at a tertiary hospital for consecutive 6 years, and to provide reference for rational use and antimicrobial stewardship.Methods:aCDSS was self-designed based on information technology and applied in clinical use in our hospital from 2015. Data of inpatient information and antibacterial use from January 2015 to December 2020 were collected from HIS and aCDSS. A retrospective study was conducted in all inpatients on the utilization rate and antibiotic use density.Results:Since 2015, with the comprehensive implementation of antimicrobial stewardship based on the aCDSS,there was a significant decline on the annual rate of antibiotic usage from 44.18% in 2015 to 38.70% in 2020, as well as on the usage rate of extended-spectrum antimicrobial agents including carbapenems, broad-spectrum β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitors, tigecycline, broad-spectrum cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, as well as glycopeptide and antifungal drugs. Compared with 2015, the usage of carbapenems, tigecycline and broad-spectrum β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitors was declined nearly 50% in 2020, and the density of carbapenems and tigecycline were decreased by 29.6% and 7.1%, respectively in 2020. On the other side, the utilization rate and use density of narrow-spectrum cephalosporins continued to increase by year, the use density of narrow-spectrum cephalosporins accounting for 28.2% of all antibiotics in 2020.Conclusions:With the comprehensive implementation of aCDSS, the utilization rate and density of broad-spectrum and high-priced antibacterial drugs in our hospital have decreased continuously to decline in the past 6 years, while the proportion of narrow-spectrum antimicrobials has increased year by year, indicating that the structure of antimicrobial use has been continuously optimized and that antimicrobial stewardship based on the information technology have achieved remarkable results.

18.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 179-184, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930216

ABSTRACT

Objective:To determine the protective effect of fasudil on acute lung injury in septic mice.Methods:Forty-five 4-6-week-old male C57BL mice were randomly(random number) assigned to three groups ( n=15 each group): control group, lipopolysaccharide (LPS) group and Fasudil intervention group (FAS+LPS). Acute lung injury model of septic mice was established with an intraperitoneal injection and intratracheal infusion of LPS. The mice in the FAS+LPS group were injected with fasudil hydrochloride intraperitoneally 30 min before intraperitoneal LPS injection and 1 h after intratracheal LPS infusion, respectively. All mice were sacrificed at 4 h after modeling, and lung tissues were collected. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was preformed to observe the morphological changes in the lung tissue. The wet /dry weight (W/D) ratio, malondialdehyde (MDA) content and the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) in the lung tissues were detected. Caspase-3 expression was examined by immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. Western blot was employed to detect the expression of RhoA, ROCK1, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), and p-eNOS. Results:Inflammatory cell infiltration and erythrocyte exudation were significantly reduced, and the degree of interstitial oedema and derangement of alveolar structure appeared in a decreasing degree after FAS intervention. Compared with the LPS group, the W/D ratio, MDA content, MPO activity and the expression of Caspase-3 in the FAS+LPS group were significantly reduced (all P<0.01). Meanwhile, the expression of RhoA and ROCK1 of the LPS group were obviously higher than those in the control group ( P<0.05), and p-eNOS was obviously lower than that in the control group ( P<0.05). Furthermore, the expression of RhoA and ROCK1 of the FAS+LPS group were obviously lower than those in the LPS group, and p-eNOS was obviously higher than that in the LPS group. There was no significant difference on the expression of eNOS among the three groups. Conclusions:Fasudil can alleviate the degree of inflammatory cell infiltration, reduce apoptosis in lung tissue, inhibit the RhoA/ROCK1 signaling activity, and promote the phosphorylation expression of eNOS in septic mice.

19.
Chinese Journal of Ocular Fundus Diseases ; (6): 818-822, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958529

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the emulsification of silicone oil in eyes with rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) after silicone oil filling surgery, and to preliminarily analyze the possible clinical factors related to it.Methods:A cross-sectional clinical study. From January 2019 to April 2022, 50 eyes of 50 patients with RRD who underwent pans plana vitrectomy (PPV) combined with silicone oil filling surgery in Eye and ENT Hospital of Fudan University were included in the study. Among them, there were 25 males with 25 eyes and 25 females with 25 eyes; the age was 54.86±11.79 years old. The retina was in place 3 months after surgery. Before silicone oil removal surgery, intraocular pressure >21 mm Hg (1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa) or treated with≥1 anti-glaucoma drug (high intraocular pressure) in 20 eyes; intraocular pressure ≤21 mm Hg and no anti-glaucoma drug treatment in 30 eyes (normal intraocular pressure). During follow-up after surgery, silicone oil emulsification was found and those who met the indications for silicone oil removal were subjected to silicone oil removal surgery. The first 2 ml of lavage fluid was collected immediately after removal of the silicone oil, and the particle diameter and number of emulsified silicone oil were measured using a Multisizer ? 3 particle/cell counter and particle size analyzer. The measuring range was 0.4-12.0 μm, and the diameter is accordingly divided into 0.4-<1.0, 1.0-<3.0, 3.0-<5.0, 5.0-<7.0, 7.0-12.0 μm. Each sample was measured 3 times and the average value was taken. Spearman correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were used to analyze the correlation between the number of emulsified silicone oil particles and clinical factors. Results:The number of emulsified silicone oil particles was (1.74±2.94)×10 7/ml (0.96×10 7-14.11×10 7/ml), of which the diameter of 0.4-<1.0 μm emulsified silicone oil particle was (1.25±2.41)×10 7/ml, accounted for (64.26±12.70)% [(1.25±2.41)×10 7/(1.74±2.94)×10 7]. The results of correlation analysis showed that there was no correlation between the total particle number of emulsified silicone oil and various clinical factors ( P>0.05). The number of emulsified silicone oil particles with a diameter of 7.0-12.0 μm was negatively correlated with age ( r=-0.298, P=0.036), and positively correlated with axial length ( r=0.325, P=0.021). There was no correlation between the previous ocular trauma, choroidal detachment and different lens states and the number of emulsified silicone oil particles ( P>0.05). Multiple linear regression analysis showed that eye axis ( β=1 570.868, P=0.023) and age ( β=-316.128, P=0.039) were the risk predictors of silicone oil emulsification into large diameter particles (7-<12 μm). The number of emulsified silicone oil particles with a diameter of 7-12 μm in the patients with high intraocular pressure was significantly higher than that in the patients with normal intraocular pressure, and the difference was statistically significant ( U=195.00, P=0.037). Conclusions:Most of the emulsified silicone oil particles in the eyes of RRD patients after silicone oil filling surgery are small-diameter particles; the silicone oil emulsification is more serious in young patients and patients with long ocular axis, and young patients are more prone to high intraocular pressure.

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Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1057-1060, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957338

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect and influencing factors of embolotherapy on headache in elderly patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms.Methods:A retrospective analysis of clinical data of elderly patients(aged≥61 years)with unruptured intracranial aneurysms admitted to our hospital from January 2018 to December 2020 was performed.Headache assessment was performed by a quantitative 11-point headache scale in all patients preoperatively and at 6 months after endovascular treatment, and the difference between them was analyzed.Univariate analysis was applied to test the association between headache outcomes and clinical variables.Results:A total of 73 patients(mean age: 68.4 years old; age range: 61-86 years; 47 women)fulfilled the inclusion criteria.There were 53 patients(72.6%)who presented with preoperative headache(headache score≥1). Among them, 39 cases(73.6%)had an improvement in headache, 11(20.8%)remained unchanged, and 3(5.7%)aggravated, after endovascular treatment.The average preoperative headache score was 5(4, 6) vs.postoperative 3(1, 4), with statistical significance( Z=-5.036, P=0.000). Only the preoperative headache score was associated with outcomes of headache, and a higher headache score predicted a lack of headache relief( Z=-2.819, P=0.005). Conclusions:Embolotherapy of unruptured intracranial aneurysms can relieve headache in most elderly patients.Preoperative headache severity is correlated with postoperative headache outcomes.

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