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1.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 585-589, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885466

ABSTRACT

Many pathogenic genes have been identified in early-onset Parkinson′s disease, but the early-onset Parkinson′s disease with 22q11.2 deletion has not been reported in Chinese. A case of early-onset Parkinson′s disease with 22q11.2 deletion was confirmed by whole-exome sequencing-based copy number variation detection in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital. This article reports its clinical characteristics and discusses its pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment management.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884690

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy and surgical indications of Y type osteotomy in the treatment of post-tuberculous thoracolumbar severe angular kyphosis.Methods:From March 2012 to June 2018, 36 patients with post-tuberculous thoracolumbar severe angular kyphosis were treated with Y type osteotomy, including 22 males and 14 females, aged 23.6±5.7 years (range, 7-57 years). The parietal vertebrae of kyphosis were located in the upper thoracic vertebra in 3 cases, the thoracic vertebra in 11 cases, the thoracolumbar segment in 17 cases, and the lumbar vertebra in 5 cases. The Cobb angle of kyphosis before the operation was 92.8°±23.3° (range, 60°-147°). The visual analogue scale (VAS), American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) neurological function grade, and Kirkaldy-Willis function score were used to evaluate the clinical effect. The imaging evaluation indexes were interbody kyphosis angle and spinal bone fusion.Results:The operation was successful in all the 36 patients. The operation time was 210 ±25.9 min (range, 180-270 min), the intraoperative blood loss was 520 ±110 ml (range, 400-800 ml), and the postoperative follow-up time was 26.38±1.75 months (range, 22-30 months). The postoperative kyphosis Cobb angle was corrected to 16.5°±7.7° (range, 5°-35°), which was significantly improved compared with that before operation( t=25.438, P<0.01), and the correction rate was 82.2%. At the last follow-up, the kyphosis angle was 16.5°±7.1° (range, 6°-32°), which was not significantly different from that after the operation. The preoperative VAS score was 7.3±1.8 (range, 3-9), and the postoperative VAS score was 2.4±0.8 (range, 1-3), while the improvement rate was 67.1%. At the last follow-up, it was 1.1±0.6 (range, 0-2), and the improvement rate was 85.0%. According to the Kirkaldy-Willis functional score, the results were excellent in 25 cases, good in 8 cases, and fair in 3 cases at the last follow-up, with an excellent and good rate of 91.7%. Before the operation, 9 cases were accompanied by neurological dysfunction (ASIA grade: grade C in 2 cases, grade D in 7 cases). At the last follow-up, all the 9 patients recovered to grade E. During the operation, the electrophysiological nerve monitoring was abnormal in 2 patients, and the awakening test was negative in 1 case. In another patient, neuroelectrophysiological monitoring after posterior column osteotomy showed a decrease in bilateral sensory and motor function. There was no compression around the spinal cord in the osteotomy area, so the operating bed was gradually folded and partially restored to kyphosis and temporarily fixed with double rods. Neuroelectrophysiological monitoring suggested the recovery of nerve function. The awakening test showed that the nerve function of both lower limbs recovered close to the preoperative state, and further osteotomy and internal fixation was performed 2 weeks later. The nerve function of both lower limbs returned to normal after 3 months. After the operation, one patient's muscle strength of the lower limbs decreased from grade 5 to grade 3, and the sensory function was normal. After symptomatic support treatment such as neurotrophic drugs, it returned to normal 2 weeks later. 1 case developed delayed neurological dysfunction 1 year after the operation. Neurotrophic drugs and rehabilitation treatment improved it. The sinus of the incision was formed in one case 3 months after the operation and healed after debridement and suture. Conclusion:Y typeosteotomyis a safe and effective method for patients with post-tuberculous thoracolumbar severe angular kyphosis. Compared with traditional osteotomy, anterior support bone grafting can be avoided, and spinal shortening can be reduced.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884476

ABSTRACT

Objective:To solve the problems in intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) planning, such as large labor cost and high dependence on the experience of physicists and great inconsistency in the quality of plan, and to discuss an unsupervised automatic treatment planning procedure of IMRT.Methods:The eclipse scripting application programming interface (ESAPI) within the Eclipse treatment planning system (TPS) 15.6 and optimization parameters tree search algorithm (OPTSA) were used to emulate and realize the whole planning process. Interacted with the TPS through ESAPI, relevant dosimetric parameters were input and output. The OPTSA evaluated the plan qualities based on dosimetric parameters of the targets and organs at risk (OARs) and iteratively adjusted the optimization objective parameters to achieve a progressively improving IMRT plan. In order to verify the effectiveness of the automatic planning, twenty historical rectum cancer cases were selected from the clinical database, and the dose distribution and specific dosimetric parameters were compared between the plans generated by the OPTSA and the manual plans under the same constraints.Results:All the auto plans have met clinical requirements. Furthermore, 90% and 10% of the auto plans were deemed as clinically improved and equally compared with the manual plans, respectively. The average CI for the PTV was 0.88 and 0.80 for the auto and manual plans respectively. Compared with the manual plans, the mean doses of all the OARs in the auto plans were reduced by 11% in average. The average elapsed time of automatic planning and manual planning was (28.15±3.61) and (36.7±4.6) min, respectively.Conclusions:The plans created by the proposed algorithm have been shown to be at least as good as the manual plans. In addition, this method can shorten the labor time in plan designing while ensuring the plan quality and consistency of the plan.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 77-80, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884015

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore clinical effect of 125I radioactive seed implantation combined with intermittent hormonal therapy (IHT) on prostate cancer. Methods:During the period from May 2016 to May 2017, 84 patients pathologically diagnosed with prostate cancer of T 3N 0M 0 by biopsy in Affiliated Hospital of Chifeng College were enrolled as study objects. They were divided into two groups by random number table method. 40 cases in control group were treated with intermittent hormonal therapy, while 44 cases in observation group were treated with 125I radioactive seed implantation combined with IHT. After the first IHT, time of prostate specific antigen (PSA) returning to normal and intermission time in both groups were observed. The dynamic changes of PSA level and prognosis in both groups during treatment were recorded. Results:After the first IHT, time of PSA returning to normal in observation group was shorter than that in control group, while intermission time was longer than that in control group ( P<0.05). At 3, 6, 12 and 24 months after treatment, PSA level in observation group was lower than that in control group ( P<0.05). The 2-year PSA-free progression survival (PSA-PFS) rate in observation group was higher than those in control group (77.27% vs 45.0%) ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in 2-year total overall survival (OS) rate between the two groups ( P>0.05). There were no serious complications during treatment in observation group. Conclusions:125I radioactive seed implantation combined with IHT in treatment of prostate cancer can reduce PSA level more quickly, and increase 2-year PSA-PFS rate.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883958

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between serum matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) level and the location and severity of bleeding in patients with cerebral microbleeds(CMBs).Methods:A total of 60 CMBs patients admitted to the Department of Neurology of the First Affiliated Hospital of the Xinxiang Medical University from January 2019 to August 2020 were selected as subjects as the CMBs group, and 60 healthy controls without nervous system diseases in outpatient physical examination during the same period were selected as the control group. The clinical data and biochemical indicators of the two groups were collected. Serum MMP-9 levels were measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). According to susceptibility weighted imaging (SWI), CMBs patients were divided into grade 1 group ( n=24), grade 2 group ( n=19) and grade 3 group ( n=17), and according to the micro analytical rating scale (MARS), the CMBs patients were divided into the lobar group ( n=19), the deep or infratentorial group ( n=17) and the mixed group ( n=24).The relationship between serum MMP-9 level and the location and severity of CMBs was analyzed. SPSS 19.0 software was used for data statistical analysis.One-way ANOVA, t-test and rank sum test were used for comparison. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors. Pearson correlation analysis and Spearman correlation analysis were used for correlation analysis. Results:The level of MMP-9 in CMBs group was significantly higher than that in control group (208.13(142.25, 285.88) μg/L, 149.50(93.40, 186.51)μg/L), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.05). Serum MMP-9 level was a risk factor of CMBs ( β=1.322, OR=3.750, 95% CI=2.038-7.997, P=0.002). The difference of level of MMP-9 in different severity of CMBs was statistically significant (147.55(109.25, 266.47)μg/L, 242.12(147.55, 288.80)μg/L, 270.42(203.43, 364.27)μg/L, P=0.017). Serum MMP-9 level was positively correlated with the number of CMBs ( r=0.371, P=0.003). The difference of MMP-9 level of CMBs in different locations were statistically significant (249.77(158.43, 338.46)μg/L, 188.83(138.52, 243.15)μg/L, 210.65(144.25, 255.78)μg/L, P=0.013). The increased serum MMP-9 level was a risk factor for CMBs( β=0.401, OR=1.122, 95% CI=1.004-1.204, P=0.036). Conclusion:The increased level of serum MMP-9 may be a risk factor of CMBs, especially for CMBs in cerebral lobesand, and the level of MMP-9 is positively correlated with the severity of CMBs.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883186

ABSTRACT

Hemodynamic therapy in critically ill patients is based on the theory of hemodynamics, combined with characteristics and patterns of the circulatory system, to improve the outcome of patients.The basic direction of critical care ultrasound is to improve tissue perfusion, implement the target-goal hierarchical management, and distinguish appearance and essence.Through continuous monitoring, integrated clinical information and dynamic assessment, rapid screening of the etiology of shock and hemodynamic abnormalities are in order to optimize therapy for reducing or avoiding reinjury during treatment.Finally, organization of therapy and protection of organs are realized.The interpretation of ultrasound images, the analysis of etiology as well as the judgement of illness, the information of treatment decisions, and the fine adjustment of therapic direction and intensity are inseparable from the in-depth understanding of the medical laws and pathophysiological characteristics of severe diseases.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882382

ABSTRACT

Dyslipidemia is a risk factor for stroke, and reducing low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels can decrease the risk of ischemic stroke. Both statins and PCSK9 inhibitors can effectively reduce LDL-C levels, but some patients cannot tolerate statins, and PCSK9 inhibitors are expensive. Animal experiments have shown that ezetimibe can reduce oxidative stress and endoplasmic reticulum stress response, inhibit cell apoptosis, increase autophagy, and protect nerve tissue by activating AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) signaling pathway. Clinical studies have shown that ezetimibe can further reduce LDL-C levels on the basis of statin therapy, and reduce the risk of ischemic stroke in patients with acute coronary syndromes, and there is no obvious adverse reaction. However, ezetimibe cannot reduce the incidence of stroke in elderly people who are ≥75 years old, have elevated LDL-C and do not have coronary heart disease. At present, there are few studies on the use of ezetimibe for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke, and its effect needs to be further confirmed by large randomized controlled trials.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881386

ABSTRACT

@#Eleven alkaloids were isolated from the twigs and leaves of Ervatamia pandacaqui using chromatographic methods of silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, ODS, and HPLC.Their structures were elucidated by physical,chemical and spectroscopic methods and determined as voacristine 7-hydroxyindolenine (1),iboxygaine (2), 19S-hydroxyibogamine (3), 3-oxotabersonine (4), perivine (5), pericyclivine (6), rhazinalinol (7), geissoschizol (8), 3, 14-dihydroolivacine (9), vallesamine (10), and conolobine A (11), respectively.All compounds were isolated from this plant for the first time.

9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1355-1361, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881204

ABSTRACT

The recent discovery of activator compounds binding to an allosteric site on the NAD

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 708-726, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881164

ABSTRACT

Ischemic stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide with limited medications and neuroinflammation was recognized as a critical player in the progression of stroke, but how to control the overactive neuroinflammation is still a long-standing challenge. Here, we designed a novel SIRT6 activator MDL-811 which remarkably inhibited inflammatory response in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages and primary mouse microglia, which were abolished by silencing SIRT6. RNA-seq screening identified the forkhead box C1 (

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881077

ABSTRACT

Huang-Qin Decoction (HQD) is a classic prescription for diarrhea in Chinese medicine treatment. Recent studies have demonstrated that HQD and its modified formulation PHY906 could ameliorate irinotecan (CPT-11) induced gastrointestinal (GI) toxicity and enhance its anticancer therapeutic efficacy. Nevertheless, which constituents in HQD are effective is still unclear so far. The study aims to screen out the key bioactive components combination from HQD that could enhance the anticancer effect of CPT-11. First, the potential bioactive constituents were obtained through system pharmacology strategy. Then the bioactivity of each constituent was investigated synthetically from the aspects of NCM460 cell migration, TNF-α release of THP-1-derived macrophage and MTT assay in HCT116 cell. The contribution of each constituent in HQD was evaluated using the bioactive index E

12.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 217-235, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880263

ABSTRACT

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common pathological type of lung cancer. The systemic antitumor therapy of advanced NSCLC has undergone renovations of chemotherapy, targeted therapy and immunotherapy, which results in greatly improved survival for patients with advanced NSCLC. Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs), especially targeting programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1)/programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), has changed the treatment paradigm of NSCLC. ICIs have become the standard treatment for advanced NSCLC without epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) mutation or anaplastic lymphomakinase(ALK) translocation in the first- or second-line setting, and for locally advanced NSCLC following concurrent radiotherapy and chemotherapy. ICIs are also promising in adjuvant/neoadjuvant therapy. More and more ICIs have been approved domestically for the treatment of NSCLC. Led by the NSCLC expert committee of Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), this consensus was developed and updated based on thoroughly reviewing domestic and foreign literatures, clinical trial data, systematic reviews, experts' discussion and the consensus(2019 version). This consensus will aid domestic clinicians in the treatment of NSCLC with ICIs.
.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879814

ABSTRACT

This article summarizes and analyzes the clinical features and gene mutation characteristics of children with noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (NVM). For the 6 children with NVM (4 boys and 2 girls), the age of onset ranged from 3 months to 12 years. Of the 6 children, 5 had arrhythmia, 3 had cardiac insufficiency, 1 had poor mental state, and 1 had chest distress and sighing. NVM-related gene mutations were detected in 4 children, among whom 2 had


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathies , Child , Child, Preschool , Echocardiography , Female , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Infant , Male , Mutation , Myocardium
14.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 288-293, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879753

ABSTRACT

Dozens of genes are associated with idiopathic hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) and an oligogenic etiology has been suggested. However, the associated genes may account for only approximately 50% cases. In addition, a genomic systematic pedigree analysis is still lacking. Here, we conducted whole exome sequencing (WES) on 18 unrelated men affected by IHH and their corresponding parents. Notably, one reported and 10 novel variants in eight known IHH causative genes (AXL, CCDC141, CHD7, DMXL2, FGFR1, PNPLA6, POLR3A, and PROKR2), nine variants in nine recently reported candidate genes (DCAF17, DCC, EGF, IGSF10, NOTCH1, PDE3A, RELN, SLIT2, and TRAPPC9), and four variants in four novel candidate genes for IHH (CCDC88C, CDON, GADL1, and SPRED3) were identified in 77.8% (14/18) of IHH cases. Among them, eight (8/18, 44.4%) cases carried more than one variant in IHH-related genes, supporting the oligogenic model. Interestingly, we found that those variants tended to be maternally inherited (maternal with n = 17 vs paternal with n = 7; P = 0.028). Our further retrospective investigation of published reports replicated the maternal bias (maternal with n = 46 vs paternal with n = 28; P = 0.024). Our study extended a variant spectrum for IHH and provided the first evidence that women are probably more tolerant to variants of IHH-related genes than men.

15.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 205-210, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879729

ABSTRACT

As a crucial transcription factor for spermatogenesis, GATA-binding protein 4 (GATA4) plays important roles in the functioning of Sertoli and Leydig cells. Conditional knockout of GATA4 in mice results in age-dependent testicular atrophy and loss of fertility. However, whether GATA4 is associated with human azoospermia has not been reported. Herein, we analyzed the GATA4 gene by direct sequencing of samples obtained from 184 Chinese men with idiopathic nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). We identified a missense mutation (c.191G>A, p.G64E), nine single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and one rare variant (c.

16.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 673-679, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878592

ABSTRACT

Nucleic acid detection technique has good sensitivity and specificity and is widely used in in vitro diagnosis, animal and plant commodity quarantine, forensic identification, and other fields. However, it is susceptible to carryover contamination during the operation and leads to false-positive results, which seriously affects the detection accuracy. Therefore, finding an effective solution to prevent and eliminate nucleic acid carryover contamination has become particularly urgent. This study compared several different methods for removing nucleic acid contamination and confirmed that sodium hypochlorite solution and PCRguard reagent could effectively eliminate nucleic acid carryover in the liquid and on surfaces of different materials. Besides, the combination of sodium hypochlorite solution and PCRguard can solve the nucleic acid aerosol contamination. This study proposes solutions for the routine prevention of carryover contamination and removal of aerosol that has occurred in molecular diagnostic laboratories.


Subject(s)
Laboratories , Nucleic Acids , Pathology, Molecular
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878444

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#This study investigated the effects of different implant surface properties on the biological behavior of Schwann cells.@*METHODS@#Schwann cells (SCs) were cultured on three types of implant surfaces including smooth polished (SMO), sand-blasted, large grit, acid-etched (SLA), and chemically-modified SLA (modSLA). At different time points, the morphology and adhesion of SCs on the implant surfaces were observed by scanning electron microscope. Cell proliferation activity was detected by MTT method. The expression levels of nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Changes in the mRNA levels of NGF and BDNF were detected by real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR).@*RESULTS@#SCs adhered, stretched, and proliferated well on the three types of implant surfaces. On the 3rd, 5th, and 7th days, the OD values of the SMO group were higher than those of the SLA group and the modSLA group, and the difference was statistically significant (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Different implant surface properties have different effects on the biological behavior of SCs. Proliferation of SCs is significantly promoted by smooth surface, while secretion and gene expression of neurotrophic factors are significantly promoted by modSLA surface at early stage.


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Schwann Cells , Surface Properties , Titanium
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878417

ABSTRACT

Speech could be used, because it was a neuromuscular movement without teeth contact. The method was stable, however it was used more in vertical relation deciding. More study was needed in the horizontal relation deciding. This article was to explain why and how to use phonetic method to decide jaws relation, through literature review.


Subject(s)
Denture Design , Denture, Complete , Jaw , Phonetics
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878370

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To examine increases in average height among Chinese children and adolescents.@*Methods@#The data were obtained from the China Health and Nutrition Survey conducted during the period 1989-2015. A stratified multistage cluster sampling method was utilized to select participants aged 2-22 years in each province. Linear regression was used to examine the effects of age, birth cohort, and survey period on height.@*Results@#A total of 15,227 males and 13,737 females were included in the final analysis. Age (A) showed a continuous effect on height. The average heights of the investigated groups increased continuously during the investigation period. By 2015, the average height of the overall group increased by 7.87 cm compared to the average height during the 1989 survey. Moreover, birth year (cohort, C) also had a stable effect on height. Using the height of individuals born in or before 1975 as a reference, the average height of each birth cohort increased in comparison to the previous birth cohort.@*Conclusions@#The height of Chinese children and adolescents was affected by age, period, and cohort effects, and this effect is governed by certain rules. The age-period-cohort model can be used to analyze the trends of children's and adolescent's heights. The findings provide a scientific basis for the formulation of children's and adolescents' growth and development policies in China.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adolescent Development , Adolescent Health , Age Factors , Body Height , Child , Child Development , Child Health , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Health Status Indicators , Health Surveys , Humans , Linear Models , Male , Sex Factors , Young Adult
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878369

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Nutrition is closely related to the health of the elderly population. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive picture of the nutrition status of elderly Chinese and its related dietary, geographical, and socioeconomic factors.@*Methods@#A total of 13,987 ≥ 60-year-old persons from the 2010-2013 Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey were included to evaluate various aspects of malnutrition, including underweight, overweight or obesity, and micronutrient inadequacy.@*Results@#Overall, the prevalence of obesity, overweight, and underweight was 12.4%, 34.8%, and 5.7%, respectively, with disparities both geographically and socioeconomically. The prevalence of underweight was higher among the older old (≥ 75 years), rural residents and those with low income, with low education status, and residing in undeveloped West areas. More than 75% of the elderly do not meet the Dietary Reference Intakes for vitamins A, B @*Conclusions@#Obesity epidemic, inadequacy of micronutrient intake, and high prevalence of underweight and anemia in susceptible older people are the major nutrition challenges for the rapidly aging population in China.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/statistics & numerical data , Female , Health Surveys , Humans , Male , Malnutrition/etiology , Micronutrients/deficiency , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , Overweight/etiology , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Thinness/etiology
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