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1.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 62-68, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009476

ABSTRACT

Objective To prepare mouse monoclonal antibodies against the ectodomain of E2 (E2ecto) glycoprotein of Western equine encephalitis virus (WEEV). Methods A prokaryotic expression plasmid pET-28a-WEEV E2ecto was constructed and transformed into BL21 (DE3) competent cells. E2ecto protein was expressed by IPTG induction and presented mainly as inclusion bodies. Then the purified E2ecto protein was prepared by denaturation, renaturation and ultrafiltration. BALB/c mice were immunized with the formulated E2ecto protein using QuickAntibody-Mouse5W as an adjuvant via intramuscular route, boosted once at an interval of 21 days. At 35 days post-immunization, mice with antibody titer above 1×104 were inoculated with E2ecto intraperitoneally, and spleen cells were fused with SP2/0 cells three days later. Hybridoma cells secreting specific monoclonal antibodies were screened by the limited dilution method, and ascites were prepared after intraperitoneal inoculation of hybridoma cells. The subtypes and titers of the antibodies in ascites were assayed by ELISA. The biological activity of the mAb was identified by immunofluorescence assay(IFA) on BHK-21 cells which were transfected with eukaryotic expression plasmid pCAGGS-WEEV-CE3E2E1. The specificity of the antibodies were evaluated with E2ecto proteins from EEEV and VEEV. Results Purified WEEV E2ecto protein was successfully expressed and obtained. Four monoclonal antibodies, 3G6G10, 3D7G2, 3B9E8 and 3D5B7, were prepared, and their subtypes were IgG2c(κ), IgM(κ), IgM(κ) and IgG1(κ), respectively. The titers of ascites antibodies 3G6G10, 3B9E8 and 3D7G2 were 105, and 3D5B7 reached 107. None of the four antibody strains cross-reacted with other encephalitis alphavirus such as VEEV and EEEV. Conclusion Four strains of mouse mAb specifically binding WEEV E2ecto are successfully prepared.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Horses , Encephalitis Virus, Western Equine , Ascites , Immunosuppressive Agents , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Immunoglobulin M
2.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 319-323, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016454

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the application of endoscopy in obtaining the great saphenous vein (GSV) during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and explore the learning curve, with a particular focus on common challenges encountered during the learning process and their impact on early clinical outcomes. MethodsA retrospective analysis was conducted on clinical data from 83 patients who underwent off-pump CABG with endoscopic GSV harvesting at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from July 2013 to April 2014. Patients were categorized into four groups based on the chronological order of their hospitalization: Group A (novice group, n=20), Group B (proficient group, n=20), Group C (progressive group, n=20), and Group D (mature group, n=23). Differences in perioperative and midterm follow-up outcomes among the groups were analyzed to determine the learning curve period. ResultsThe study population had a mean age of (60.22±8.06) years and a mean body weight of (69.77±11.66) kg. Comorbidities included hypertension (24 cases), diabetes (26 cases), and subacute cerebral infarction (14 cases). The novice group exhibited significantly shorter GSV length-to-harvest time ratio relative to the other three groups (P<0.001) and a significantly higher incidence of main vein damage (P=0.006). However, there was no statistically significant difference in graft patency at the 1-year follow-up. ConclusionThorough and reliable technical training in endoscopic GSV harvesting is essential to minimize vascular injury caused by novice operators. Approximately 20 cases of hands-on experience and a careful self-analysis of procedural challenges are likely required to achieve proficiency in GSV harvesting.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 219-227, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013359

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by a progressive decline in memory and cognitive function. β-amyloid protein (Aβ) aggregation and excessive phosphorylation of Tau protein in the brain can increase oxidative stress levels, leading to energy metabolism imbalance, extensive apoptosis of nerve cells, and damage to synaptic function. The nuclear factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) encoded by the Nfe212 gene is known as the "main regulatory factor" of antioxidant response. On the one hand, It can activate antioxidant response elements, such as heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase1 (NQO1), increase the expression of antioxidant enzymes glutathione S-transfer (GST) and superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), and reduce the release of reactive oxygen species. On the other hand, it can inhibit immune inflammation, cell apoptosis, and activation of autophagy pathways and delay the progression of AD. Therefore, this article summarized, analyzed, and reviewed the relevant research on the regulation of the Nrf2 signaling pathway by traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of AD in the past five years, including its structural characteristics, pathway conduction, mechanism of action in AD, and drug regulation. The results showed that among all reports, research on traditional Chinese medicine compounds occupied a high proportion and mostly focused on flavonoids, with the Nrf2/HO-1 and PI3K/Nrf2 signaling pathways being the most extensively studied. The mechanisms of action were mainly to inhibit oxidative stress, neuroinflammation, and cell apoptosis and improve synaptic function. This indicates that traditional Chinese medicine can regulate multiple Nrf2 signaling pathways and play a role in preventing and treating Alzheimer's disease from multiple mechanisms.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 244-250, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012495

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify the influencing factors of operation time of hand-assisted laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy, and to analyze the relationship between influencing factors and the severity of postoperative complications. Methods Clinical data of 91 donors who underwent hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy were retrospectively analyzed. The correlation between preoperative baseline data of donors and operation time was analyzed. The relationship between operation time and postoperative complications was assessed and the threshold of operation time was determined. Results Multiple donor renal arteries, thick perirenal and posterior renal fat, metabolic syndrome, high Mayo adhesive probability (MAP) score and Clavien-Dindo score prolonged the operation time. By analyzing the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, we found that when the operation time was ≥138 min, the incidence of postoperative complications of donors was significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusions For donors with multiple renal arteries, thick perirenal and posterior renal fat, metabolic syndrome and high MAP score and Clavien-Dindo score, experienced surgeons should be selected to make adequate preoperative preparation and pay close attention after surgery, so as to timely detect postoperative complications and reduce the severity of complications, enhance clinical prognosis of the donors.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 67-86, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011225

ABSTRACT

Neuropathic pain is a debilitating pathological condition that presents significant therapeutic challenges in clinical practice. Unfortunately, current pharmacological treatments for neuropathic pain lack clinical efficacy and often lead to harmful adverse reactions. As G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are widely distributed throughout the body, including the pain transmission pathway and descending inhibition pathway, the development of novel neuropathic pain treatments based on GPCRs allosteric modulation theory is gaining momentum. Extensive research has shown that allosteric modulators targeting GPCRs on the pain pathway can effectively alleviate symptoms of neuropathic pain while reducing or eliminating adverse effects. This review aims to provide a comprehensive summary of the progress made in GPCRs allosteric modulators in the treatment of neuropathic pain, and discuss the potential benefits and adverse factors of this treatment. We will also concentrate on the development of biased agonists of GPCRs, and based on important examples of biased agonist development in recent years, we will describe universal strategies for designing structure-based biased agonists. It is foreseeable that, with the continuous improvement of GPCRs allosteric modulation and biased agonist theory, effective GPCRs allosteric drugs will eventually be available for the treatment of neuropathic pain with acceptable safety.

6.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 77-82, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006460

ABSTRACT

Background The current increasing trend of new cases of occupational noise-induced deafness indicates that the hearing loss of occupational population has not been effectively controlled in China. It is of great significance to study the characteristics of hearing loss among noise-exposed workers and its related factors. Objective To investigate characteristics and influencing factors of hearing loss among occupational noise-exposed workers in a large machinery maintenance enterprise, and to provide a scientific basis to prevent and control noise-induced hearing loss. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate male Han occupational noise-exposed workers in a large mechanical maintenance enterprise. We acquired demographic characteristics, occupational exposure history, and individual life behavior characteristics of the workers through questionnaires, collected occupational exposure level data from annual occupational disease hazard factor surveillance reports, obtained pure tone hearing threshold test data through occupational health examinations, and estimated individual noise exposure levels using cumulative noise exposure (CNE). According to the results of pure tone air conduction hearing threshold test, the workers were divided into a hearing loss group and a normal hearing group. The chi-square test was employed to compare the occupational exposure characteristics and individual life behavior characteristics between the two groups. Additionally, the trend chi-square test was utilized to analyze the changing trends of age, length of service, CNE, and hearing loss rate within the two groups. The relationship between high-frequency hearing loss in both ears and its related influencing factors was assessed by a multiple logistic regression model. Results The M (P25, P75) of CNE for the 2531 occupational noise-exposed workers was 97.51 (95.39, 99.96) dB(A)·year. The incidence of hearing anomaly, binaural high-frequency hearing anomaly, random ear high-frequency hearing anomaly, binaural low-frequency hearing anomaly, and random ear low-frequency hearing anomaly were 22.48%, 16.59%, 22.13%, 2.77%, and 3.52%, respectively. High-frequency hearing threshold increase was the main reason for hearing anomaly (98.42%). In comparison to the CNE ≤ 97 dB(A)·year group, the 97 dB(A)·year<CNE≤ 100 dB(A)·year group and the CNE>100 dB(A)·year group experienced a 36.4% and 52.3% increase in the risk of bilateral high-frequency hearing loss, respectively. The smoking group exhibited a 43.5% elevated risk of bilateral high-frequency hearing loss when compared to the non-smoking group. Conversely, the group frequently wearing hearing protection equipment demonstrated a 23.6% lower risk of bilateral high-frequency hearing loss in comparison to the group occasionally wearing protective equipment. The data suggested that CNE>97 dB(A)·year and smoking might be independent risk factors for bilateral high-frequency hearing loss, and frequently wearing hearing protection equipment might be an important protective factor. Conclusion Increased CNE and smoking can elevate the risk of high-frequency hearing loss, while personal hearing protection can effectively reduce the risk of hearing loss.

7.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 138-144, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005244

ABSTRACT

With the maturity of kidney transplantation, introduction of new immunosuppressive drugs and improvement of immunosuppressive regimen, the short-term survival rate of kidney transplant recipients has been significantly improved, whereas the long-term survival rate has not been significantly elevated. Kidney transplant recipients may have the risk of renal graft loss. Clinical management after renal graft loss is complicated, including the adjustment of immunosuppressive drugs, management of renal graft and selection of subsequent renal replacement therapy. These management procedures directly affect clinical prognosis of patients with renal graft loss. Nevertheless, relevant guidelines or consensuses are still lacking. Clinical management of patients after renal graft loss highly depend upon clinicians’ experience. In this article, the adjustment of immunosuppressive drugs, management of renal graft and selection of subsequent renal replacement therapy were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for prolonging the survival and improving the quality of life of these patients.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 90-101, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005238

ABSTRACT

Objective To screen key autophagy-related genes in alcoholic hepatitis (AH) and investigate potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for AH. Methods Two AH gene chips in Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) and autophagy-related data sets obtained from MSigDB and GeneCards databases were used, and the key genes were verified and obtained by weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA). The screened key genes were subject to gene ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG), protein-protein interaction (PPI) and immune infiltration analyses. Messenger RNA (mRNA)- microRNA (miRNA) network was constructed to analyze the expression differences of key autophagy-related genes during different stages of AH, which were further validated by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) in the liver tissues of AH patients and mice. Results Eleven autophagy-related genes were screened in AH (EEF1A2, CFTR, SOX4, TREM2, CTHRC1, HSPB8, TUBB3, PRKAA2, RNASE1, MTCL1 and HGF), all of which were up-regulated. In the liver tissues of AH patients and mice, the relative expression levels of SOX4, TREM2, HSPB8 and PRKAA2 in the AH group were higher than those in the control group. Conclusions SOX4, TREM2, HSPB8 and PRKAA2 may be potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets for AH.

9.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 526-531, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985956

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between triiodothyronine (T3) and inflammatory factors, and its potential effect on long-term outcomes in hospitalized patients with heart failure (HF). Methods: A total of 2 475 patients with HF admitted in Heart Failure Care Unit were consecutively enrolled in this retrospective cohort study from December 2006 to June 2018. Patients were divided into low T3 syndrome group (n=610, 24.6%) and normal thyroid function group (n=1 865, 75.4%). The median follow-up time was 2.9 (1.0, 5.0) years. A total of 1 048 all-cause deaths were recorded at the final follow-up. The effects of free T3 (FT3) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) on the risk of all-cause death were evaluated by Cox regression analysis and Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: The age of the total population was 19-95 (57±16) years, 1 823 cases (73.7%) were male. Compared to those with normal thyroid function, albumin [(36.5±5.4) vs. (40.7±4.7) g/L], hemoglobin [(129.4±25.1) vs. (140.6±20.6) g/L], total cholesterol [3.6 (3.0, 4.4) vs. 4.2 (3.5, 4.9) mmol/L] (all P<0.001) were lower, Whereas age [(60.5±16.0) vs. (55.2±15.4) years], creatinine [105.0 (83.6, 137.0) vs. 87.8 (75.6, 106.3) mmol/L], log N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide [(8.2±1.3) vs. (7.2±1.4) ng/L] were higher in LT3S patients (all P<0.001). In Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, patients with lower FT3 and higher hsCRP had significantly lower cumulative survival (P<0.001), lower FT3 combined with higher hsCRP subgroup had the highest risk of all-cause death (Ptrend<0.001). In multivariate Cox regression analysis, LT3S was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality (HR=1.40, 95%CI 1.16-1.69, P<0.001). Conclusion: LT3S is an independent predictor of poor prognosis in patients with heart failure. FT3 combined with hsCRP improve the predictive value of all-cause death in hospitalized patients with heart failure.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , C-Reactive Protein , Retrospective Studies , Heart Failure , Prognosis , Triiodothyronine , Syndrome
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 885-890, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985608

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the causal association between long-term Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure and the risk of cardiovascular hospitalization. Methods: Based on a sub-cohort of a community-based prospective cohort study, a total of 36 271 participants were recruited from 35 communities randomly selected in Guangzhou in 2015. The annual average exposure of NO2, demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, and information on the causes of hospitalization was collected. We applied marginal structural Cox models to investigate the effect of NO2 on cardiovascular hospitalization. Demographic and behavioral factors also stratified results. Results: The mean age of participants in the present study was (50.9±17.8) years, and the cardiovascular admission rate was 8.7%, with 203 822 person-years of follow-up. The annual mean NO2 concentration was 48.7 μg/m3 during 2015-2020. For each 10 μg/m3 increase in NO2 concentrations, the HRs (95%CIs) of total cardiovascular hospitalization, cardiovascular hospitalization, and cerebrovascular hospitalization were 1.33 (1.16-1.52), 1.36 (1.16-1.60) and 1.25 (1.00-1.55), respectively. Participants who were never married/married, with secondary education, high exercise frequency, or non-smokers/current smokers may be more susceptible than their counterparts. Conclusion: Long-term exposure to NO2 significantly increased hospitalization risk for cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Nitrogen Dioxide , Prospective Studies , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Causality , Hospitalization
11.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1117-1125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008941

ABSTRACT

In recent years, wearable devices have seen a booming development, and the integration of wearable devices with clinical settings is an important direction in the development of wearable devices. The purpose of this study is to establish a prediction model for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs) by continuously monitoring respiratory physiological parameters of cardiac valve surgery patients during the preoperative 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) with a wearable device. By enrolling 53 patients with cardiac valve diseases in the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, the grouping was based on the presence or absence of PPCs in the postoperative period. The 6MWT continuous respiratory physiological parameters collected by the SensEcho wearable device were analyzed, and the group differences in respiratory parameters and oxygen saturation parameters were calculated, and a prediction model was constructed. The results showed that continuous monitoring of respiratory physiological parameters in 6MWT using a wearable device had a better predictive trend for PPCs in cardiac valve surgery patients, providing a novel reference model for integrating wearable devices with the clinic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung , Walking/physiology , Walk Test , Heart Valves/surgery , Postoperative Period , Postoperative Complications/etiology
12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2139-2145, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999130

ABSTRACT

G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) represent the largest family of membrane proteins and are the target of approximately half of all therapeutic drugs. There are ~300 orphan GPCRs, which have great potential in drug development. G protein-coupled receptor 35 (GPR35), a rhodopsin-like orphan GPCR, is widely involved in immune regulation, gastrointestinal disorders, cardiovascular diseases, cancer, as well as other diseases, suggesting its great potential as a therapeutic target in a variety of diseases. However, the current research on GPR35 is insufficient, including the true endogenous ligand has not been confirmed, the molecular mechanism of its role in disease is not fully understood, and there is a lack of effective intervention strategies targeting GPR35. This article summarizes the deorphatization of GPR35, GPR35-related signaling pathways and their association with various diseases, in order to provide a reference for in-depth study of GPR35 in diseases and development of drugs targeting GPR35.

13.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 999-1007, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998992

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo develop and validate a predictive risk model for vision-threatening diabetic retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes using readily accessible clinical data, which may provide a convenient and effective prediction tool for early identification and referral of at-risk populations. MethodsA nomogram model was developed using a dataset obtained from patients with T2DM who participated in the Guangzhou Diabetic Eye Study from November 2017 to December 2020. Logistic regression was used to construct the model, and model performance was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic curve, Hosmer-Lemeshow test, calibration curve and decision curve analysis. The model underwent internal validation through the mean AUC of k-fold cross-validation method, and further external validation was conducted in the Dongguan Eye Study. ResultsA total of 2 161 individuals were included in the model development dataset, of whom 135 (6.25%) people were diagnosed with VTDR. Age (P<0.001,OR=0.927,95%CI:0.898~0.957) and body mass index (P<0.001,OR =0.845,95%CI:0.821~0.932) were found to be negatively correlated with VTDR, whereas diabetes duration (P<0.001,OR=1.064,95%CI:1.035~1.094), insulin use (P =0.045,OR =1.534,95%CI:1.010~2.332), systolic blood pressure (P<0.001,OR =1.019,95%CI:1.008~1.029), glycated hemoglobin (P<0.001,OR =1.484,95%CI:1.341~1.643), and serum creatinine (P<0.001,OR =1.017,95%CI:1.010~1.023) were positively correlated with VTDR. All these variables were included in the model as predictors. The model showed strong discrimination in the development dataset with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.797 and in the external validation dataset (AUC 0.762). The Hosmer-Lemeshow test(P>0.05)and the calibration curve displayed good agreement. Decision curve analysis showed that the nomogram produced net benefit in the two datasets. ConclusionsIndependent factors influencing VTDR include age, duration of diabetes mellitus, insulin use, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, glycosylated hemoglobin, and serum creatinine. The nomogram constructed using these variables demonstrates a high degree of predictive validity. The model can serve as a valuable tool for early detection and referral of VTDR in primary care clinics. Therefore, its application and promotion are highly recommended.

14.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 1087-1098, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010312

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the potential molecular mechanism of tetrahydropalmatine (THP) on acute myocardial ischemia (AMI).@*METHODS@#First, the target genes of THP and AMI were collected from SymMap Database, Traditional Chinese Medicine Database and Analysis Platform, and Swiss Target Prediction, respectively. Then, the overlapping target genes between THP and AMI were evaluated for Grene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) enrichment analysis and protein-protein interaction network analysis. The binding affinity between the protein and THP was assessed by molecular docking. Finally, the protective effects of THP on AMI model and oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) model of H9C2 cardiomyocyte were explored and the expression levels of target genes were detected by RT-qPCR in vivo and in vitro.@*RESULTS@#MMP9, PPARG, PTGS2, SLC6A4, ESR1, JAK2, GSK3B, NOS2 and AR were recognized as hub genes. The KEGG enrichment analysis results revealed that the potential target genes of THP were involved in the regulation of PPAR and hormone pathways. THP improved the cardiac function, as well as alleviated myocardial cell damage. Furthermore, THP significantly decreased the RNA expression levels of MMP9, PTGS2, SLC6A4, GSK3B and ESR1 (P<0.05, P<0.01) after AMI. In vitro, THP significantly increased H9C2 cardiomyocyte viability (P<0.05, P<0.01) and inhibited the RNA expression levels of PPARG, ESR1 and AR (P<0.05, P<0.01) in OGD model.@*CONCLUSIONS@#THP could improve cardiac function and alleviate myocardial injury in AMI. The underlying mechanism may be inhibition of inflammation, the improvement of energy metabolism and the regulation of hormones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Network Pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase 2 , Molecular Docking Simulation , PPAR gamma , Myocardial Ischemia/genetics , Glucose , RNA , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins
15.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 320-325, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995510

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the anatomy of the recurrent branch of median nerve, summarize the injury mechanism of the recurrent branch of median nerve, and explore the surgical method and clinical effect of the compression.Methods:From February 2018 to October 2021, 12 fresh hand specimens were used in Department of Hand Surgery in the Second Hospital of Tangshan, including 6 male specimens, 3 left and 3 right hands, and 6 female specimens, 3 left and 3 right hands. Anatomy of the recurrent branch of median nerve and observation of its location, measurement of the length of each muscle branch innervating thenar muscle and the easy-to-jam position of the recurrent branch of median nerve in the course of running. The measurement results uses nonparametric test of statistical analysis by side and gender. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. From January 2020 to January 2022, 21 patients with entrapment of the recurrent median nerve of wrist were treated, 14 males and 7 females. The age ranged from 31 to 65 years old, with an average of 46.2 years old. All patients developed thenar muscular atrophy. Before operation, the recurrent branch of median nerve was marked into the muscle point, and the thenar projection on palm surface was pressed, which caused fatigue and soreness. Electromyography examination: the motor latency of median nerve endings was more than 4.5 ms, and both fibrillation potential and positive potential appeared. The motor conduction velocity of all patients was less than 30 m/s, and the motor nerve amplitude was less than 10 mV. Surgical exploration of the recurrent branch of median nerve revealed that the trunk of the recurrent branch of median nerve made the tendon arch thickened at the starting point of the superficial head of flexor pollicis brevis, and there was compression between the deep layer of the palmar aponeurosis and the thenar musculocutaneous membrane, which was completely released during the operation to relieve the compression factor. All 21 patients had followed-up in outpatient. Results:Distance from the origin of the recurrent branch of median nerve to the distal edge of transverse carpal ligament. The distance from the origin of the recurrent branch of median nerve to the distal edge of transverse carpal ligament were (0.30, 0.31, 0.32) cm and (0.31, 0.32, 0.32) cm in male left and right groups, respectively, with no statistical significance ( Z=-0.943, P=0.346); The female left and right groups were (0.28, 0.28, 0.28) cm and (0.29, 0.30, 0.30) cm, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.121, P=0.034). The length and transverse diameter of the trunk of the recurrent branch of the median nerve, the length of the superficial head branch of flexor pollicis brevis and the length of the palmar muscle branch of the thumb had no significant difference between the left and right sides of males and females( P > 0.05). The length of abductor pollicis brevis muscle branch: the male left and right groups were (1.45, 1.27, 1.31) cm and (1.54, 1.38, 1.47) cm, respectively, and there was no statistical difference ( Z=-1.528, P = 0.127); The female left and right groups were (1.21, 1.18, 1.15) cm and (1.25, 1.24, 1.25) cm respectively, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-1.993, P=0.046). All the 21 patients were entered in follow-up for 9-24 (average 15) months. After operation, the wounds of all patients healed in the first stage, the soreness at thenar disappeared, and the thenar muscle was full in appearance. In 21 patients, the thumb abduction function returned to normal, the thumb to palm opposition returned to normal in 19 cases, and was slightly limited in 2 cases. After operation, thenar muscle strength recovered to grade 5 in 19 cases and grade 4 in 2 cases. At the last follow-up, electromyography showed that the motor latency of median nerve endings was less than 4.5 ms, and the motor conduction velocity was greater than 40 m/s; Motor nerve amplitudes were all greater than 10 mV. According to the functional evaluation standard of carpal tunnel syndrome recommended by Gu Yudong, 19 cases were excellent, 2 cases were good, and the excellent and good rate was 100%. Conclusion:The length of each nerve branch of the recurrent median nerve innervates thenar muscle is different, and there are many factors that cause the recurrent median nerve to get stuck. It is of high clinical value to master the anatomical structure of the recurrent median nerve and the mechanism of the entrapment, and to completely loosen vulnerable parts by surgery.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 131-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995370

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for intraoperative hemorrhage during endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for colorectal lesions.Methods:Data of 386 patients with colorectal lesions, who underwent ESD at The Third People's Hospital of Datong and its cooperative hospital, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, from December 2019 to August 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into the hemorrhage group ( n=85) and the non-hemorrhage group ( n=301) according to intraoperative hemorrhage. The correlationship of patients'basic information, lesion-related factors and hemorrhage during colorectal ESD was analyzed. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to identify the risk factors for intraoperative hemorrhage during ESD. The risk predictive model of intraoperative hemorrhage during ESD was established according to the screened risk factors, and receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive model. Results:Univariate logistic regression showed that a history of diabetes ( OR=2.340, P<0.05), a history of coronary atherosclerotic heart diseases ( OR=3.100, P<0.05), the lesion located in the rectum ( OR=3.272, P<0.05), longer lesion ( OR=1.093, P<0.05), wider lesion ( OR=1.057, P<0.05), larger lesion ( OR=1.126, P<0.05), depressed lesion ( OR=6.128, P<0.05), the laterally spreading lesion ( OR=2.651, P<0.05), the lesion infiltrated into the SM-S layer ( OR=0.088, P<0.05), the lesion infiltrated into the SM-D layer ( OR=0.174, P<0.05), the diameter of hemorrhage vessels 0.5~<1.0 times of the diameter of incision knife ( OR=246.854, P<0.05), the postoperative pathology as early cancer ( OR=7.000, P<0.05) were risk factors for intraoperative hemorrhage during ESD. Considering the quantitative relationship between the length, the width and the area of lesions, multi-factor models were constructed using the length and area of lesions respectively. Forward stepwise regression was used to screen variables and determine the final model, and the results showed that a history of coronary atherosclerotic heart diseases, the depressed lesion, the longer lesion, the larger lesion, the diameter of hemorrhage vessels 0.5~<1.0 times of the diameter of the incision knife were independent risk factors for intraoperative hemorrhage during ESD. The two modeling results of the lesion length and the lesion area were very similar. Therefore, lesion length was recommended to describe lesions in clinical practice. Conclusion:A history of coronary atherosclerotic heart disease, the depressed lesion, the longer lesion, the larger lesion, the diameter of vessels 0.5~<1.0 times of that of the incision knife are independent risk factors for intraoperative hemorrhage during ESD.

17.
Chinese Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation ; (12): 402-407, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995208

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any effect of combining intermittent theta-burst stimulation (iTBS) of the cerebellum with physiotherapy on the balance function and gait of stroke survivors.Methods:Thirty-two hemiplegic stroke survivors were divided at random into a treatment group and a control group, each of 16. Both groups received conventional physical therapy. Before their physiotherapy sessions the treatment group received iTBS treatment of the cerebellar hemisphere contralateral to the affected cerebral hemisphere, while the control group was given pseudo-stimulation on the same site. The iTBS was given once a day for 200s each time, 6 times a week for 3 weeks consecutively. Before and after the treatment, as well as 3 weeks later, both groups′ balance was evaluated using the Berg Balance Scale (BBS). Their ability to shift their center of gravity, total length of their shaking trajectory, and maximum shaking diameter were also quantified. Walking ability was assessed using 10m walk test (10MWT) times and the Tinetti Gait Assessment Scale (POMA-G). Lower limb motor function was quantified using the relevant Fugl-Meyer assessment (FMA-LE) and the subjects′ ability in the activities of daily living was measured with the Barthel index (BI).Results:After the 3 weeks of treatment and at the follow-up the average BBS score of the treatment group had improved significantly more than the control group′s average, as had its total track length and maximum shake diameter. The average POMA-G, FMA-LE and BI scores of the treatment group were also significantly better.Conclusions:Combining iTBS with physiotherapy can improve the balance and gait of stroke survivors more effectively than physiotherapy alone.

18.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 333-337, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994837

ABSTRACT

Sacral cyst usually occurs around the nerve root, which is the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid between the intima and the perineurium at the junction of the posterior spinal nerve root and the dorsal root ganglion. Its typical clinical manifestations include low back pain, lower limb radiation pain, rectal/bladder dysfunction and so on. Complications of acute subdural hematoma with cerebral hernia after posterior midline cystectomy of sacral cyst are rare. A middle-aged female patient with sacral cyst was admitted to Gansu Provincial Hospital. After the operation, acute subdural hematoma occurred in the right frontoparietal temporal occipital region, and cerebral herniation was formed. After the operation, the patient was given rehabilitation exercise and discharged well. No neurological deficits were observed during follow-up.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 195-198, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993307

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the factors influencing repeatedly hospitalization in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP), and to analyse the predictive value of triglyceride for repeated hospitalization.Methods:The clinical data of 1 958 patients with AP treated at the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui University of Science and Technology from January 2012 to April 2022 were analyzed. Of 1 733 AP patients who were enrolled, there were 1 000 males and 733 females, with mean ± s. d age being (49.4±16.4) years. Patients were grouped based on their ID numbers to determine their number(s) of hospitalization. Those who were admitted only once were included in the initial hospitalization group ( n=1 030), and those who were admitted twice or more were included in the repeated hospitalization group ( n=703). The factors influencing repeated hospitalization were analyzed by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis. The predictive value of triglyceride for repeated hospitalization was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Results:Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that hypertriglyceridemia ( OR=1.445, 95% CI: 1.144-1.825, P=0.002) and biliary causes ( OR=3.184, 95% CI: 1.978-5.125, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for repeated hospitalization. When triglyceride <10.9 mmol/L, the prediction of AP patients without repeated hospitalization was 90.6%. The area under the ROC curve was 0.589, and the Yoden index was 0.170. Conclusion:Hypertriglyceridemia was risk factor for repeat hospitalization in AP patients and the efficacy of triglyceride in predicting repeat hospitalization in AP patients was good.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiological Medicine and Protection ; (12): 291-296, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993087

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influence of intensive magnet fields on radiation dose measurement, and to demonstrate the feasibility of measuring magnet field correction factor by a combination of medical linac with variable magnet fields in view of needing for accurate measurement of the doses from reference beam arising in MR image-guided radiotherapy.Methods:A photon radiation field and a variable field with 6 MV nominal high voltage were produced by using conventional medical electron linear accelerator equipped with a pair of electromagnets with magnetic field strength up to 1.5 T. Both PTW30013 and PTW31010 ionization chambers were used to test the responses of ionization chambers under different magnetic field strengths at four orientations in which the angles between ionization chamber axis and magnetic field direction were 0°, 180°, 90° and 270°, respectively. The magnetic factors, kB, M was calculated and compared with the reported values in literature. Results:The response of ionization chamber was proportional to the magnetic field strength before it reached to a peak around 1 T, and then fell down as the magnetic field continued to rise. When the magnetic field was 0.35 T, the magnetic factors of PTW31010 were 0.988 2±0.000 3 and 0.997 4±0.000 4 corresponding to 90° and 0° directions, the discrepancy between 0° scenario and literature was 0.05% ± 0.04%. When the magnetic field reached 1.5 T, the magnetic factor of PTW30013 was 0.958 9±0.000 5 at the situation of 90°, which was 0.60% ± 0.05% different from the literature value.Conclusions:Conventional 6 MV medical accelerator equipped with electromagnet can be used to measure the magnetic field factor of reference dosimetry for MRIgRT.

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