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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913155

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the value of serum free triiodothyronine (FT3) level in predicting the 90-day prognosis of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Methods Related clinical data were collected from 122 patients with HBV-ACLF who were hospitalized in Beijing YouAn Hospital, Capital Medical University, from September 2018 to January 2020, and according to their prognosis on day 90 after confirmed diagnosis, they were divided into survival group with 77 patients and death group with 45 patients. ELISA was used to measure the serum level of FT3, which was then compared between the two groups; a logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for prognosis and establish an FT3-related predictive model; the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) of the predicted probability value was used to evaluate the discriminatory ability of the predictive model, and a linear regression analysis was used to evaluate calibration degree. AUC was used to compare the predictive value of this model and Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the influencing factors for prognosis. Results The death group had a significantly lower serum level of FT3 than the survival group (2.27±0.38 pmol/L vs 2.69±0.55 pmol/L, t =4.526, P < 0.001). FT3 (odds ratio [ OR ]=0.534, 95% confidence interval [ CI ]: 0.300-0.950, P =0.013) was an independent protective factor against poor prognosis, while age ( OR =1.047, 95% CI : 1.013-1.082, P =0.007), total bilirubin (TBil) ( OR =1.096, 95% CI : 1.059-1.134, P < 0.001), international normalized ratio (INR) ( OR =1.101, 95% CI : 1.029-1.178, P < 0.005), and creatinine (Cr) ( OR =4.583, 95% CI : 2.102-7.992, P < 0.001) were independent risk factors. In terms of discriminatory ability, the FT3-related predictive model had an AUC of 0.869 (95% CI : 0.831-0.907, P < 0.001), and for calibration ability, R 2 =0.340, P =0.268. The FT3-related formula was better than MELD score in predicting prognosis ( P < 0.05). Conclusion FT3 is an independent influencing factor for 90-day prognosis in patients with HBV-ACLF, and the FT3-related predictive model based on FT3 in combination with age, TBil, INR, and Cr has a good value in predicting 90-day prognosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936331

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of pirfenidone for reducing urethral stricture following urethral injury in rats and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty male SD rats were randomly assigned into negative control group, positive control group and pirfenidone group (n=10). In pirfenidone and positive control groups, the rats were subjected to incision of the posterior urethral cavernous body followed by daily intraperitoneal injection of pirfenidone (100 mg/kg) and an equivalent volume of solvent, respectively. The rats in the negative control group were given intraperitoneal injections of solvent without urethral injury. At two weeks after modeling, retrograde urethrography was performed for observing urethral stricture, and the injured urethral tissues were harvested for HE staining, Masson staining, immunohistochemical staining and Western blotting for detecting the protein expressions of α-SMA and TGF-β1. The mRNA expressions of the inflammatory factors TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β were detected using qRT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#The body weight of the rats in pirfenidone group was significantly decreased compared with that in the other two groups (P < 0.05). Retrograde urethrography showed significant narrowing of the urethra in the positive control group but not in the pirfenidone group. HE staining of the injured urethral tissues showed obvious proliferation of urethral epithelial cells with narrow urethral cavity and increased inflammatory cells in positive control group. The pathological findings of the urethra were similar between pirfenidone group and the negative control group. Masson staining revealed obviously reduced collagen fibers and regular arrangement of the fibers in pirfenidone group as compared to the positive control group. Compared with those in the negative control group, the expressions of α-SMA and TGF-β1 were significantly increased in the positive control group, and pirfenidone treatment significantly inhibited their expressions (P < 0.05 or 0.01). Pirfenidone also significantly inhibited the mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-1β in the injured urethral tissue (P < 0.05 or 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Pirfenidone can prevent urethral fibrosis and stricture after urethral injury possibly by inhibiting the TGF-β1 pathway and inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Male , Pyridones/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Solvents , Transforming Growth Factor beta1/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Urethral Stricture/pathology
3.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 848-852, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923192

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To prepare cinnamaldehyde (CA) loaded liposomes bilayer-modified by bovine serum albumin (BSA)/chitosan (CTS)(BSA/CTS-Lip-CA) in order to improve the sustained-release effect and storage stability of the nanoparticles. METHODS Firstly,cinnamaldehyde loaded liposomes (Lip-CA)and blank liposomes (Lip-Blank)were prepared by thin film dispersion method. Then chitosan modified cinnamaldehyde loaded liposome (CTS-Lip-CA)and BSA/CTS-Lip-CA were obtained by electrostatic adsorption. Finally , the prepared liposomes were characterized , and their in vitro release characteristics and storage stability were investigated. RESULTS The particle size of BSA/CTS-Lip-CA was (177.8±4.0)nm and the Zeta potential was (-15.6±1.5)mV;they were in spherical shape ;FTIR analysis showed that the modification of BSA and CTS had no effect on the internal structure of liposomes. The results of in vitro drug release characteristics showed that the cumulative release of Lip-CA ,CTS-Lip-CA and BSA/CTS-Lip-CA within 10 hours were 82.9%,74.1% and 72.9% respectively. The results of storage stability showed that after 30 days of storage ,the particle sizes of Lip-CA ,CTS-Lip-CA and BSA/ CTS-Lip-CA were (134.2±2.1),(151.7±0.4),(164.8±1.5)nm;the retention rates of model drug CA were 65.4%,82.5% and 90.2% respectively. CONCLUSIONS BSA/CTS-Lip-CA is successfully prepared. It has a certain sustained-release effect and can improve the storage stability of the drug to a certain extent.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 876-889, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929332

ABSTRACT

SIRT6 belongs to the conserved NAD+-dependent deacetylase superfamily and mediates multiple biological and pathological processes. Targeting SIRT6 by allosteric modulators represents a novel direction for therapeutics, which can overcome the selectivity problem caused by the structural similarity of orthosteric sites among deacetylases. Here, developing a reversed allosteric strategy AlloReverse, we identified a cryptic allosteric site, Pocket Z, which was only induced by the bi-directional allosteric signal triggered upon orthosteric binding of NAD+. Based on Pocket Z, we discovered an SIRT6 allosteric inhibitor named JYQ-42. JYQ-42 selectively targets SIRT6 among other histone deacetylases and effectively inhibits SIRT6 deacetylation, with an IC50 of 2.33 μmol/L. JYQ-42 significantly suppresses SIRT6-mediated cancer cell migration and pro-inflammatory cytokine production. JYQ-42, to our knowledge, is the most potent and selective allosteric SIRT6 inhibitor. This study provides a novel strategy for allosteric drug design and will help in the challenging development of therapeutic agents that can selectively bind SIRT6.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 581-599, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929274

ABSTRACT

Novel therapies are urgently needed to improve global treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Herein, we briefly provide a concise report on the medicinal chemistry strategies towards the development of effective SARS-CoV-2 inhibitors with representative examples in different strategies from the medicinal chemistry perspective.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929263

ABSTRACT

A series of 26 novel derivatives have been synthesized through structural modification of gentiopicroside, a lead COX-2 inhibitor. And their in vivo and in vitro anti-inflammatory activities have been investigated. The in vitro anti-inflammatory activities were evaluated against NO, PGE2, and IL-6 production in the mouse macrophage cell line RAW264.7 stimulated by LPS. Results showed that most compounds had good inhibitory activity. The in vivo inhibitory activities were further tested against xylene-induced mouse ear swelling. Results demonstrated that several compounds were more active than the parent compound gentiopicroside. The inhibition rate of the most active compound P23 (57.26%) was higher than positive control drug celecoxib (46.05%) at dose 0.28 mmol·kg-1. Molecular docking suggested that these compounds might bind to COX-2 and iNOS. Some of them, e.g P7, P14, P16, P21, P23, and P24, had high docking scores in accordance with their potency of the anti-inflammatory activitiy, that downregulation of the inflammatory factors, NO, PGE2, and IL-6, was possibly associated with the suppression of iNOS and COX-2. Therefore, these gentiopicroside derivatives may represent a novel class of COX-2 and iNOS inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Cyclooxygenase 2/chemistry , Dinoprostone , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Iridoid Glucosides , Mice , Molecular Docking Simulation , Pyridinolcarbamate
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929022

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Hepatitis B virus related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) is the most common type of liver failure in China, with a high mortality. Early rapid reduction of HBV-DNA load can improve the survival rate of HBV-ACLF patients. At present, the commonly used drugs are nucleoside (acid) analogues, such as entecavir (ETV), tenofovir, and so on. The newly listed tenofovir alafenamide fumarate (TAF) has attracted great attention of clinicians because of its stronger antiviral effect, higher transaminase normalization rate, better bone and kidney safety, and zero drug resistance. However, there are few clinical research data on the efficacy and safety of TAF in the treatment of Chinese HBV-ACLF patients, and there is a lack of pharmacoeconomic evaluation. This study aims to compare the efficacy, safety, and cost-effectiveness between TAF and ETV in patients with HBV-ACLF.@*METHODS@#The data were collected from 196 HBV-ACLF patients (80 patients in the TAF group and 116 patients in the ETV group) who were hospitalized in Xiangya Hospital, Central South University from May 2020 to March 2021. Biochemistry and virology were detected before and after treatment (at baseline, Week 2, 4, and 12). Clinical features, disease prognosis, and cost-effectiveness were compared between the 2 groups. According to the baseline, HBV-ACLF patients were divided into 4 stages including pre-liver failure stage, early stage, medium stage, and end stage. And the liver transplantation rate and mortality was also compared. Pharmacoeconomic evaluation was taken using cost-effectiveness analysis and cost minimization analysis..@*RESULTS@#After 4 weeks of treatment, there were no significant differences in the efficacy (liver function, viral load) between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). The TAF group showed lower creatinine [(80.35±18.77) μmol/L vs (105.59±82.32) μmol/L, P<0.05] and higher estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels [(95.65±23.21) mL/(min·1.73 m2) vs (82.68±26.32) mL/(min·1.73 m2), P<0.05] than the ETV group. After 12 weeks of treatment, the analysis of overall the liver transplantation rate and mortality between the 2 groups showed similar conclusion. However, the TAF group had a lower the liver transplantation rate and mortality than the ETV group in patients with pre-liver failure (0vs13.89%, P<0.05). No evident distinction was found in the liver transplantation rate and mortality during the early, medium, or end stages of liver failure (13.04% vs 17.65%, 37.50% vs 37.04%, and 54.55% vs 68.42%, respectively). Ratio of cost to effectiveness in the ETV group was higher than that in the TAF group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TAF is not more efficient than ETV group in improving liver function and reducing viral load for HBV-ACLF patients and they also show similar safety. However, TAF has a greater advantage over ETV not only in preserving renal function, but also in reducing the liver transplantation rate and mortality in patients with pre-liver failure. TAF can provide economic benefit to patients with HBV-ACLF.


Subject(s)
Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/drug therapy , Alanine/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Guanine/analogs & derivatives , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Tenofovir/analogs & derivatives , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940997

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the introduction of vegetables and fruits in 4-8 months old infants, and to describe the maternal and infants' characteristics associated with the introduction of vegetables and fruits.@*METHODS@#Mother-infant dyads (n=228) were recruited from 12 to 16 weeks postpartum and formally entered the study at 4 months of age. Data collected via face to face interview at 4-8 months postpartum, including the timing and types of added vegetables and fruits, as well as a variety of maternal and infant characteristics (n=204). Rank sum test and multiple linear regression were used to analyze the maternal and infant characteristics related to the introduction of vegetables and fruits.@*RESULTS@#The time of introducing vegetables was concentrated at the age of 7 months, and the time of adding fruits was mainly at 6 months. Fruits were added earlier than vegetables (P < 0.001), and the variety of the added fruits was higher than that of vegetables (P=0.045). 48% (n=98) of infants had no more than three types of fruits and vegetables at 8 months. Only 9.8% (n=20) had added more than 10 kinds of fruits and vegetables at 8 months. Green leafy vegetables were the most commonly added vegetable, and apple was the most popular fruit. Compared with women who were 35 years of age or younger, women beyond 35 years old introduced vegetables to their babies 0.6 months later. 4-month-old exclusively breastfed infants had vegetables 0.4 months later than mixed-fed infants. Women with a bachelor's degree or above added 2-3 more types of fruits and vegetables to their babies than those with junior high school education and below.@*CONCLUSION@#The adding time of fruits was earlier than that of vegetable. Apples and green leafy vegetables are commonly added. Women with lower educational backgrounds add fewer types of fruits and vegetables to their babies. Mothers who choose exclusive breastfeeding and those over 35 years of age at childbirth add vegetables to their babies later than others. They should be targeted for health promotion programs that aim to improve the intake of fruits and vegetables among infants.


Subject(s)
Adult , Beijing , Breast Feeding , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fruit , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Vegetables
9.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 677-682, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940974

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical effects of free hallux-nail flap combined with the second toe composite tissue flap in the reconstruction of damaged thumb after electrical burns. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From May 2018 to April 2021, 12 male patients with thumb destructive defects caused by electrical burns who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Zhengzhou First People's Hospital, aged 27 to 58 years, including 10 cases with degree Ⅲ thumb defect and 2 cases with degree Ⅳ thumb defect after thorough debridement. The thumb was reconstructed with free hallux-nail flap combined with composite tissue flap of the second phalangeal bone, joint, and tendon with skin island. The donor site of hallux-nail flap was covered with artificial dermis in the first stage and performed with continuous vacuum sealing drainage, and covered with medium-thickness skin graft from the groin site in the second stage. The donor site in the second toe was filled and fixed with iliac bone strips. The survival of reconstructed thumb was observed 1 week after the reconstruction surgery, the survival of skin graft in the donor site of hallux-nail flap was observed 2 weeks after skin grafting, and the callus formation of the reconstructed thumb phalanx and the second toe of the donor foot was observed by X-ray 6 weeks after the reconstruction surgery. During the follow-up, the shape of reconstructed thumb was observed and the sensory function was evaluated; the function of reconstructed thumb was evaluated with trial standard for the evaluation of the functions of the upper limbs of the Hand Surgery Society of the Chinese Medical Association; whether the interphalangeal joints of the hallux and the second toe were stiff, the scar hyperplasia of the foot donor site, and whether the walking and standing functions of the donor feet were limited were observed. Results: One week after the reconstruction surgery, all the reconstructed thumbs of the patients survived. Two weeks after skin grafting, the skin grafts in the donor site of hallux-nail flap of 11 patients survived, while the skin graft in the donor site of hallux-nail flap of 1 patient was partially necrotic, which was healed completely after 10 days' dressing change. Six weeks after the reconstruction surgery, callus formation was observed in the reconstructed thumb and the second toe of the donor foot of 10 patients, the Kirschner wires were removed; while callus formation of the reconstructed thumb was poor in 2 patients, and the Kirschner wires were removed after 2 weeks of delay. During the follow-up of 6 to 24 months, the shape of reconstructed thumb was similar to that of the healthy thumb, the discrimination distance between the two points of the reconstructed thumb was 7 to 11 mm, and the functional evaluation results were excellent in 4 cases, good in 6 cases, and fair in 2 cases. The interphalangeal joints of the hallux and the second toe of the donor foot were stiff, mild scar hyperplasia was left in the donor site of foot, and the standing and walking functions of the donor foot were not significantly limited. Conclusions: The application of free hallux-nail flap combined with the second toe composite tissue flap in the reconstruction of damaged thumb after electrical burns adopts the concept of reconstruction instead of repair to close the wound. It can restore the shape and function of the damaged thumb without causing great damage to the donor foot.


Subject(s)
Burns, Electric/surgery , Cicatrix/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Hallux/surgery , Humans , Hyperplasia , Male , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Skin Transplantation/methods , Thumb/surgery , Toes/surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939506

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of different treatment frequency of auricular bloodletting combined with auricular point sticking for acne vulgaris.@*METHODS@#A total of 90 patients with acne vulgaris were randomized into a treatment group 1 (30 cases, 2 cases dropped off), a treatment group 2 (30 cases, 4 cases dropped off) and a treatment group 3 (30 cases, 5 cases dropped off). Combination therapy of auricular bloodletting and auricular point sticking at Fei (CO14), Shenmen (TF4), Neifenmi (CO18) and Shenshangxian (TG2p) were given once a week, twice a week and 3 times a week in the treatment group 1, the treatment group 2 and the treatment group 3 respectively, 4 weeks were as one course and totally 3 courses were required in the 3 groups. Before treatment and after 1, 2, 3 courses of treatment, the scores of global acne grading system (GAGS), skin lesion and quality of life-acne (QoL-Acne) were observed, the clinical efficacy was evaluated after 3 courses of treatment and the recurrence rate was evaluated in follow-up of 1 month after treatment in the 3 groups.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the scores of GAGS and skin lesion were decreased at each time point in the 3 groups (P<0.05), the QoL-Acne scores were increased after 1 course of treatment in the treatment group 3 and after 2, 3 courses of treatment in the 3 groups (P<0.05). There were no statistical differences in scores of GAGS, skin lesion and QoL-Acne among the 3 groups (P>0.05). There were no statistical differences in effective rate and recurrence rate among the 3 groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Different frequency of auricular bloodletting combined with auricular point sticking have similar efficacy in treating acne vulgaris, all can improve the skin lesion and quality of life in patients with acne vulgaris, and have a cumulative effect and good long-term curative effect.


Subject(s)
Acne Vulgaris/therapy , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture, Ear , Bloodletting , Humans , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
11.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 137-146, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935988

ABSTRACT

Objective: To isolate and purify a bacteriophage against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), and to analyze its genomic information and biological characteristics. Methods: The experimental research methods were adopted. MRSA (hereinafter referred to as host bacteria) solution was collected from the wound of a 63-year-old female patient with the median sternum incision infection admitted to the Second Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University). The bacteriophage, named bacteriophage SAP23 was isolated and purified from the sewage of the Hospital by sewage co-culture method and double-layer agar plate method, and the plaque morphology was observed. The morphology of bacteriophage SAP23 was observed by transmission electron microscope after phosphotungstic acid negative staining. The whole genome of bacteriophage SAP23 was sequenced with NovaSeq PE15 platform after its DNA was prepared by sodium dodecyl sulfonate/protease cleavage scheme, and genomic analysis including sequence assembly, annotation, and phylogenetic tree were completed. The bacteriophage SAP23 solution was co-incubated with the host bacterial solution for 4 h at the multiplicity of infection (MOI) of 10.000 0, 1.000 0, 0.100 0, 0.010 0, 0.001 0, and 0.000 1, respectively, and then the bacteriophage titer was measured by the drip plate method to select the optimal MOI, with here and the following sample numbers of 3. The bacteriophage SAP23 solution was co-incubated with the host bacterial solution at the optimal MOI for 5, 10, and 15 min, respectively, and the bacteriophage titer was measured by the same method as mentioned above to select the optimal adsorption time. After the bacteriophage SAP23 solution was co-incubated with the host bacterial solution at the optimal MOI for the optimal adsorption time, the bacteriophage titers were measured by the same method as mentioned above at 0 (immediately), 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 80, 100, and 120 min after culture, respectively, and a one-step growth curve was drawn. The bacteriophage SAP23 solution was incubated at 4, 37, 50, 60, 70, and 80 ℃ and pH 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 for 1 h, respectively, to determine its stability. A total of 41 MRSA strains stored in the Department of Microbiology of Army Medical University (the Third Military Medical University) were used to determine the host spectrum of bacteriophage SAP23. Results: The bacteriophage SAP23 could form a transparent plaque on the host bacteria double-layer agar plate. The bacteriophage SAP23 has a polyhedral head with (88±4) nm in diameter and a tail with (279±21) nm in length and (22.6±2.6) nm in width. The bacteriophage SAP23 has a linear, double-stranded DNA with a full length of 151 618 bp and 11 681 bp long terminal repeats sequence in the sequence ends. There were 220 open reading frames predicted and the bacteriophage could encode 4 transfer RNAs, while no resistance genes or virulence factors were found. The annotation function of bacteriophage SAP23 genes could be divided into 5 groups. The GenBank accession number was MZ427930. According to the genomic collinearity analysis, there were 5 local collinear blocks in the whole genome between the bacteriophage SAP23 and the chosen 6 Staphylococcus bacteriophages, while within or outside the local collinear region, there were still some differences. The bacteriophage SAP23 belonged to the Herelleviridae family, Twortvirinae subfamily, and Kayvirus genus. The optimal MOI of bacteriophage SAP23 was 0.010 0, and the optimal adsorption time was 10 min. The bacteriophage SAP23 had a latent period of 20 min, and a growth phase of 80 min. The bacteriophage SAP23 was able to remain stable at the temperature between 4 and 37 ℃ and at the pH values between 4 and 9. The bacteriophage SAP23 could lyse 3 of the 41 tested MRSA strains. Conclusions: The bacteriophage SAP23 is a member of the Herelleviridae family, Twortvirinae subfamily, and Kayvirus genus. The bacteriophage SAP23 has a good tolerance for temperature and acid-base and a short latent period, and can lyse MRSA effectively. The bacteriophage SAP23 is a new type of potent narrow-spectrum bacteriophage without virulence factors and resistance genes.


Subject(s)
Bacteriophages/genetics , Genomics , Humans , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus/genetics , Middle Aged , Phylogeny , Sternum
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935816

ABSTRACT

Acute carbon monoxide poisoning can cause multiple organ damage due to hypoxia. In severe cases, it can be life-threatening and has a high fatality rate. Intestinal obstruction and thrombosis are rare complications of carbon monoxide poisoning. A case of carbon monoxide poisoning was reported. In addition to the central nervous system lesion, intestinal obstruction and lower limb thrombosis were also found. In the treatment of carbon monoxide poisoning patients, the clinician was able to treat the common complications, attention should be paid to gastrointestinal tract, thrombotic disease and other rare complications, so as to avoid missed diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Carbon Monoxide Poisoning/therapy , Humans , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Thrombosis/etiology
13.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 148-153, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935593

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the short-term and long-term outcomes between robotic-assisted and laparoscopic-assisted radical right hemicolectomy in patients with adenocarcinoma of the right colon. Methods: Retrospective review of a prospectively collected database identified 288 right colon cancer patients who underwent either robotic-assisted (n=57) or laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy (n=231) between October 2014 and October 2020 at Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University. There were 161 males and 127 females, aging (60.3±12.8) years (range: 17 to 86 years). After propensity score matching as 1∶4 between robotic-assisted and laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy, there were 56 cases in robotic group and 176 cases in laparoscipic group. Perioperative outcomes and overall survival were compared between the two groups using t test, Wilcoxon rank sum test, χ2 test, Fisher exact test, Kaplan-Meier method and Log-rank test, respectively. Results: The total operative time was similar between the robotic and laparoscopic group ((206.9±60.7) minutes vs. (219.9±56.3) minutes, t=-1.477, P=0.141). Intraoperative bleeding was less in the robotic group (50 (20) ml vs. 50 (50) ml, Z=-4.591, P<0.01), while the number of lymph nodes retrieved was significantly higher (36.0±10.0 vs. 29.0±10.1, t=4.491, P<0.01). Patients in robotic group experienced significantly shorter hospital stay, shorter time to first flatus, and defecation (t: -2.888, -2.946, -2.328, all P<0.05). Moreover, the overall peri-operative complication rate was similar between robotic and laparoscopic group (17.9% vs. 22.7%, χ²=0.596,P=0.465). The 3-year overall survival were 92.9% and 87.9% respectively and the 3-year disease-free survival rates were 83.1% and 82.6% with no statistical significance between the robotic and laparoscopic group (P>0.05). Conclusions: Compared to laparoscopic-assisted right hemicolectomy, robot-assisted right hemicolectomy could improve some short-term clinical outcomes. The two procedures are both achieving comparable survival.


Subject(s)
Colectomy , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Female , Humans , Laparoscopy , Male , Prognosis , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Treatment Outcome
14.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 455-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934765

ABSTRACT

Early diagnosis and treatment of rejection after kidney transplantation play a critical role in alleviating allograft injury. Detection of donor-derived cell-free DNA (dd-cfDNA) could be performed based on the next-generation sequencing and other techniques. The content of DNA fragments derived from necrotic and apoptotic donor kidney tissues in circulating body fluids could be determined by concentration and absolute quantitative methods, which has application potential in monitoring allograft injury in clinical practice. Compared with traditional serum creatinine and other indicators, dd-cfDNA detection may monitor allograft injury from several weeks to months in advance, providing a "time window" for clinical treatment and delaying graft failure. Along with deepening research of dd-cfDNA in recent years, dd-cfDNA has captivated widespread attention due to its non-invasiveness, high sensitivity and real-time evaluation of therapeutic effect. In this article, current study evidence and conclusions related to multidimensional application of dd-cfDNA detection in diagnosis and treatment of kidney transplantation were reviewed, and the future research and clinical application direction of dd-cfDNA were discussed, aiming to provide reference for widespread application of dd-cfDNA detection in clinical practice in China.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934241

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the application of robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in the treatment of pulmonary sequestration in children.Methods:The clinical data of 20 children with pulmonary sequestration admitted to the Children's Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine from May to November 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 13 males and 7 females, ages ranged from 6 months to 5 years old, with median age of 10 months. Body weight ranged from 7.5 to 18.0 kg, with mean weight of(9.95±2.46)kg. Abnormal blood supply vessels in pulmonary sequestration were found by chest enhanced CT and were further confirmed during surgery. All the other 19 cases were found to have pulmonary lesions by prenatal ultrasound except 1 case due to repeated infection. The lesions were located in left lung in 15 cases and right lung in 5 cases.Results:1 case was converted to thoracotomy due to failure of intraoperative single lung ventilation and inability of artificial pneumothorax to collapse the lung lobe, and other 19 cases were successfully completed by robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. The operation time ranged from 40 to 270 min, mean(88.25±55.68) min. All 10 patients with extralobar sequestration underwent simple pneumonectomy, including 2 patients with intra-diaphragmatic pulmonary sequestration. In 10 cases of intralobar sequestration, 2 cases underwent wedge resection, 2 cases underwent segmental resection, and 6 cases underwent lobectomy. No operative death occurred. The postoperative hospital time ranged from 3 to 10 days, mean(5.00±1.89) days. All patients recovered well and no complications such as pleural effusion and atelectasis were observed during 1-6 months follow-up.Conclusion:The robotic surgical system is safe and effective for the treatment of pulmonary sequestration in children.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933746

ABSTRACT

A 3-week practice-oriented training course on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) management was conducted in December 2020, 34 primary care physicians from township or community health service centers attended the course. The impact of the training course on the knowledge levels of COPD management was evaluated with a questionnaire survey, the questionnaire contained the knowledge of COPD and its management. The survey showed that before the training, the participants had low knowledge levels on the definition of COPD and its risk factors; 67.6% (23/34) were not aware of COPD-related guidelines and new developments, and 17.6%(6/34) had conducted COPD follow-up assessments, pulmonary rehabilitation, and health education; only 8.8% (3/34) had used the improved British Medical Research Council Dyspnea Index (mMRC) and the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease assessment test (CAT) for patient self-assessment; there was no pulmonary function instrument in their units, and only 3 doctors (8.8%) had previously participated in pulmonary function training and knew indications and contraindications of the pulmonary function test, and complete report interpretation; all participants were unable to use common inhalation devices and master inhalation techniques completely and correctly; 11.8% (4/34) had assessed patients′ handling inhalation devices and performing inhalation. After the training, the knowledge levels of COPD clinical features, lung function and inhalation technique were significantly improved, and the scores were significantly increased compared with those before the training ( P<0.001). The study shows that primary care physicians have insufficient knowledge and management skill of COPD. The practice-oriented training can significantly improve the knowledge and skills of primary care physician for COPD management in the community.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933686

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the safety and efficacy of camrelizumab salvage therapy for extrahepatic recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma with PD-L1 negativity in transplanted liver tissue.Methods:From May 2020 to December 2020, retrospective analysis was performed for 3 cases of camrelizumab salvage therapy for extrahepatic recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma recipients with PD-L1 negative in transplanted liver tissue.Three recipients with extrahepatic recurrence progressed after first/second-line targeted drug therapy.Camrelizumab was given as salvage therapy after normal tissue of ransplanted liver was confirmed as negative for PD-L1 by immunohistochemistry.The safety and efficacy of treatment were observed by monitoring the changes in the levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and bilirubin, the occurrence of complications and the outcome of treatment before and after dosing.Results:During a follow-up period of 1.5 to 15.5 months, no recipients showed acute rejection symptoms such as sharp elevations of transaminase and bilirubin.Headache ( n=1), vomiting ( n=1) and fatigue & hypertension ( n=1) became relieved after treatment.As of February 28, 2022, there were one survivor and two deaths.The fatal causes were tumor progression ( n=1) and thoracic aortic rupture due to esophageal perforation ( n=1). The survival time of recipients was (11-15.5) months and the progression-free survival time (4-6) months. Conclusions:For extrahepatic recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma with PD-L1-negative liver transplantation in normal liver tissue, camrelizumab salvage therapy can control tumor progression to a certain extent and prolong the survival time of recipients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933664

ABSTRACT

As novel coronavirus infection has become a major public health problem affecting human health, vaccination is the most effective means of preventing novel coronavirus infection.Therefore, besides implementing regular epidemic prevention and control, it has become the consensus of international community for effective prevention and control of novel coronavirus infection through accelerating the speed of novel coronavirus vaccination, expanding the scope of vaccination and improving public vaccination rate.Kidney transplant recipients are at an elevated risk of novel coronavirus infection.This population has been in a low immune state for a long time.Thus there are problems such as reduced immunogenicity of COVID-19 vaccine, selection and use of vaccine and breakthrough of infection.Based upon the published international and domestic data, this paper serves as a practical reference for clinicians and healthcare workers to provide consultations to kidney transplant recipients about the administration of novel coronavirus vaccine.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932911

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish a quantitative detection method for the main components of dust mite allergens Der p 1, Der p 2 specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) by using the nano-magnetic particle chemiluminescence immunoassay.Methods:The performance indexes of the established method were evaluated after setting up and optimizing the chemiluminescence detection system and immune reaction conditions of sIgE for dust mite allergen. Serum sIgE levels of 50 suspected allergic patients with dust mite were determined by this chemiluminescence method. At the same time, this method was compared with the Phadia kit and the consistency was analyzed by Kappa test. Results:The optimal amount of magnetic beads was 25 μg, the optimal reaction buffer (pH=7.4) contained 0.1 mol/L Tris-HCl and 0.25%( W/ W) casein, the optimal coating solution contatined 20 mmol/L phosphate buffer (PB) and 1%( W/ W) bovine serum albumin (BSA), and the luminescence enhancement solution contained 0.05%( V/ V) Triton X-100. The two-step immunoreaction was adopted, and the detection could be completed with 20 μl sample at the optimal reaction temperature of 37℃. The limit of detection (LOD) of the established nano-magnetic particle chemiluminescence system in detecting Der p 1 and Der p 2 sIgE antibodies were both less than 0.01 kU/L, with the linear range of 0.2-100.0 kU/L, the precision of less than 7%, and the cross contamination rate of 0.19% and 0.21%. Compared with the Phadia system, the positive and negative coincidence rate of Der p 1 were 78.0%(32/41) and 9/9 with good consistency ( Kappa=0.65, P=0.008), and the positive and negative coincidence rate of Der P 2 were 93.3%(28/30) and 85.0%(17/20) with good consistency ( Kappa=0.79, P=0.003). Conclusion:The nano-magnetic particle chemiluminescence immunoassay is successfully established for detecting dust mite allergen sIgE, which has good detection performance and good consistency with Phadia system.

20.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 455-462, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the long-term outcomes of posterior release, reduction, fixation, and fusion for irreducible atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD).Methods:Between January 2005 and June 2016, a total of 31 patients with irreducible AAD who had received posterior approach surgery were included. Among them, there were 13 males and 18 females, the average age was 39.1±13.5 years (range 9-72 years). The clinical data of the eligible individuals were collected and analyzed. Neck disability index (NDI) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) scores were recorded to evaluate the recovery of neck and neurological functions. The atlantodental interval (ADI), clivus-canal angle (CCA), and cervico-medullary angle (CMA) were measured to evaluate the reduction of AAD. C 0-C 2 angle and C 2-C 7 angle were measured to evaluate the recovery of cervical alignment. For individuals with basilar invagination, the distances from the tip of odontoid process to Chamberlain line and Wackenheim line were measured to assess the reduction in the vertical direction. The duration of bony fusion and complications were also analyzed. Results:The mean follow-up period was 82.7±26.4 months (range 61-170 months). In terms of functional scores, the NDI dropped from 43.41%±11.60% before surgery to 12.19%±6.97% at the six months follow-up, and 9.45%±7.51% at the last follow-up ( F=89.56, P<0.001). The JOA increased from 9.48±2.41 points before surgery to 14.71±1.42 points at the six months follow-up, and 14.97±1.47 points at the last follow-up ( F=52.89, P<0.001). Regarding the horizontal and vertical dislocations, the ADI decreased from 9.16±2.32 mm before surgery to 1.39±1.04 mm at the six months follow-up, and 1.29±1.08 mm at the last follow-up ( F=189.61, P<0.001). The distance from the tip of odontoid process to Chamberlain line decreased from 11.15±4.35 mm before surgery to 2.03±2.83 mm at the six months follow-up, and 2.15±3.02 mm at the last follow-up ( F=37.58, P<0.001). The distance from the tip of odontoid process to Wackenheim line reduced from 6.81±2.57 mm before surgery to -2.23±1.58 mm at the six months follow-up, and -2.27±1.58 mm at the last follow-up ( F=122.16, P<0.001). For the amelioration of the compression on medulla and spinal cord, the CCA increased from 113.68°±12.67° before surgery to 143.39°±7.38° at the six months follow-up, and 142.39°±7.13° at the last follow-up ( F=67.13, P<0.001). The CMA increased from 115.71°±13.69° before operation to 145.58°±10.78° at the last follow-up ( F=41.44, P<0.001). Regarding the curvature of the cervical spine, the C 0-C 2 angle recovered from 1.94°±15.82° before surgery to 14.84°±6.45° at the last follow-up ( F=11.97, P<0.001), and the C 2-C 7 angle ameliorated from 27.26°±8.49° before operation to 19.26°±5.44° at the last follow-up ( F=11.13, P<0.001). Bony fusion was achieved in all cases, the fusion time was 9.71±2.55 months (range 5-15 months). A total of five complications occurred in the cases (two cerebrospinal fluid leakages, one deep infection, one transient neurologic deficit, and one dysphagia). They were all cured with corresponding treatments. In the last follow-up, none of the cases developed failure of internal fixation or re-dislocation. Conclusion:Posterior approach release, reduction, fixation and fusion technique is a safe and efficient surgical strategy with favorable long-term follow-up outcomes for irreducible AAD.

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