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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Our previous studies demonstrated that various ingredients from the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, as exemplified by cryptotanshinone and salvi?anolic acid B, exerted striking effects on modulating angiogenesis and vascular permeability, which suggests that they may be effective in treating vascular leak-driven diseases (e.g. tumor, cerebral cavernous malformation and diabetic reti?nopathy). However, the lack of reliable and advanced technologies and models sets up difficult hurdles for better under?standing the role of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. To this end, this study is to outline numerous cutting-edge platforms that can be utilized for exploring the function of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis in vascular leak-driven diseases. METHODS Two-photon laser scanning fluorescence micros?copy was used to observe the interactions between neutrophils and blood vessels in a real-time manner. Dynamic flow system was employed to mimic the in vivo behaviors of neutrophils. RIP1-Tag5 spontaneous pancreatic cancer model was used to study the function of tumor blood vessels. CCM2ECKO (deletion of CCM2 in endothelial cells) mice were employed to establish the cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) animal model. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) was utilized to assess the CCM lesion. Müller cell-knockout mouse model was used to study the progression of dia?betic retinopathy. Vascular permeability in this model was assessed by fluorescein angiography. RESULTS The interac?tions between neutrophils and endothelial cells involve a series of complicated processes, including rolling, adhesion, intraluminal crawling and transmigration, which were all monitored in vivo by two-photon laser scanning fluorescence microscopy in a real-time manner. Dynamic flow system was capable of recapitulating the biological behaviors of neutro?phils in vitro. Tumor vascular function in particular vascular perfusion could be assessed in the RIP1-Tag5 spontaneous pancreatic cancer model. In terms of CCM studies, specific deletion of CCM2 in endothelial cells resulted in the initiation of CCM lesion. The size and number of CCM lesions could be visualized and quantified by micro-CT. Furthermore, the Müller cell-knockout mouse model was able to precisely reflect the clinical symptoms of diabetic retinopathy. Vascular leak could be monitored at different time points using fluorescein angiography. CONCLUSION An array of high technol?ogies and animal models can be used in investigating the occurrence and progression of multiple vascular leak-driven diseases. The pre-clinical and clinical studies of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis provide fundamental support for the application of the above-mentioned platforms, with the purpose of uncovering the scientific basis of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908964

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between medical students' employment intention in primary healthcare unit and their learning and psychological state through a questionnaire survey among clinical undergraduates.Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 821 graduates of a Medical University in 2017 to investigate their employment intention, learning and psychological status and employment plan. The learning and psychological status was evaluated by a self-designed questionnaire. Independent-sample t test, variance analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were used to examine the relevant factors affecting medical students' employment intention in primary healthcare by SPSS 21.0 version. Results:A total of 810 questionnaires were distributed and 753 questionnaires were included in the analysis. The employment intention of working in primary healthcare units of medical students was (4.61±2.24). Students in the advanced class had lower willingness to work in primary healthcare unit (the group of students with higher entrance examination scores) ( P<0.05), and students with higher learning pressure and greater pressure of doctor-patient relationship were more reluctant to work in primary healthcare units ( P<0.05). In terms of the employment plan, students who focus on their professional counterparts are more willing to work in primary healthcare unit, while those who pay more attention to salary are less willing to work in primary healthcare unit ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Improving the incentive policies for working in primary healthcare unit, actively relieving psychological pressure of medical students, and increasing the training of doctor-patient communication can have a positive effect on improving the willingness of medical students to have an employment intention in primary healthcare unit.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887755

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 in patients with oral leukoplakia (OLK) and OLK cancerization who have aspicy diet in Chengdu.@*METHODS@#Thirtypatients with OLK andspicy diet and 15 patients with OLK without spicy diet in Chengdu were divided into three groups: hyperplastic OLK (OLK-), OLK with mild to moderate dysplasia (OLK+), and severe dysplastic  OLK or oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) transforming from OLK (OLK++/OSCC). The expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 were detected by immunohistochemistry and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression of Ki-67 and P53 in patients with or without spicy diet in the OLK+and OLK++/OSCC groups were stronger than that of the OLK- group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Spicy diet did not have an influence on the expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 in patients with OLK and OSCC. The expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, and P53 increased with the development of OLK, whereas P16 showed opposite expression trend.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cyclin D1 , Diet , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen , Leukoplakia, Oral , Mouth Neoplasms , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
4.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 225-230, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the frequency of myeloid dendritic cells (mDC) and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) in peripheral blood of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and their relationship with renal injury.Methods:The frequency of peripheral mDC and pDC in 102 SLE patients and 10 healthy controls were detected by flow cytometry. The quantitative data were expressed by [ M( P25, P75)]. The measurement data of the two groups with non-normal distribution was analyzed by Mann Whitney U test. The correlation between the two groups was analyzed by Spearman rank correlation analysis and multiple linear regression. Results:The frequency of pDC [14.00%(7.92%, 19.65%) vs 24.55%(19.68%, 32.90%), Z=-3.163, P<0.01] and mDC [21.25%(13.28%, 32.83%) vs 34.85%(24.58%, 41.93%), Z=-2.607, P<0.01] in the peripheral blood of 102 patients with SLE were significantly lower than those of healthy controls. The frequency of pDC [9.09%(7.31%, 17.38%) vs 24.55%(19.68%, 32.90%), Z=-3.033, P=<0.01] and mDC [9.40%(7.88%, 21.60%) vs 34.85%(24.58%, 41.93%), Z=-3.231, P<0.01] in 12 patients with newly diagnosed SLE were also significantly lower than those in healthy controls. After adjustedfor confounding factors, multivariate analysis showed that SLEDAI level was the main factor influencing the frequency of pDC ( P=0.019) and mDC ( P<0.01). In addition, pDC[8.02%(2.25%, 9.97%) vs 16.70%(11.80%, 24.60%), Z=-2.490, P=0.015] and mDC[8.80%(5.99%, 12.80%) vs 20.20%(11.20%, 42.80%), Z=-2.226, P=0.029] in patients with active LN were also significantly lower than that of patients with stable LN. The mDC frequency was positively correlated with the levels of complement C3 ( r=0.455, P<0.01) and C4 ( r= 0.289, P, P<0.01). Conclusion:The frequency of mDC and pDC in SLE patients is significantly abnormal, which is closely related to disease activity. In addition, pDC and mDC may be involved in the occurrence and development of LN.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888627

ABSTRACT

The uniformity of blue LED array in jaundice treatment box is improved. The mathematical model of illumination uniformity algorithm for inner and outer LED arrays layout is established. Taking the actual size of blue light board in jaundice treatment box as an example, the optimal illumination uniformity with best LED arrays layout are obtained through programming iteration and simulation verification. The uniformity of blue light LED improved 42.9 % comparing with tradition LED arrays.


Subject(s)
Computer Simulation , Humans , Jaundice , Light , Lighting
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866359

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical effect of two-dimensional speckle tracking technique in diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of heart failure with left ventricular ejection fraction preservation.Methods:A total of 64 heart failure patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (HFNEF) and 64 healthy volunteers in the Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Hospital of Wenzhou were selected from July 2016 to July 2018.Conventional echocardiography and two-dimensional speckle tracking were performed in all subjects.The hemodynamic parameters and strain parameters of two-dimensional speckle tracking were recorded.The differences of conventional echocardiographic parameters and two-dimensional speckle tracking strain parameters in different subjects were analyzed.Results:The E/A (0.79±0.24) and E/E' value (18.93±3.41) in HFNEF patients had statistically significant differences compared with healthy subjects [(1.28±0.35) and (6.84±1.37)] ( t=9.507, 23.294; P=0.000, 0.000). There were no statistically significant differences in HR, LAD, LVD, LVSD, LVPWD, LVEF and LVFS between HFNEF patients [(71.37±5.93)times/min, (35.32±4.37)mm, (47.13±5.01)mm, (9.24±1.76)mm, (9.35±1.82)mm, (63.98±5.37)%, (35.49±4.46)%] and healthy subjects [(70.14±5.28)times/min, (37.64±4.69)mm, (49.26±5.54)mm, (9.39±1.82)mm, (9.48±1.90)mm, (66.35±5.41)%, (34.02±4.17)%] ( t=0.384-1.628; P=0.102-0.564). In HFNEF patients, the anterior septum, anterior wall, posterior wall, inferior wall and posterior wall of apical segment of left ventricle, the inferior wall and posterior wall of papillary muscle and the posterior wall, inferior wall and posterior wall of basal segment, SRs and ROT of left ventricle were significantly lower than those of healthy subjects, while GLS (-13.52±4.18) and GCS (-10.43±3.85) of left ventricle in HFNEF patients were significantly higher than those of healthy subjects [(-19.89±4.61) and (-15.67±4.24)] ( t=8.947~14.063; P=0.000-0.000<0.05). After treatment, the clinical symptoms of HFNEF patients improved significantly in the whole apical segment of left ventricle, inferior and posterior wall of papillary muscle segment, posterior lateral wall, inferior wall, posterior wall SRs and left ventricular GLS, GCS and ROT ( t=7.258-13.193; P=0.000-0.000<0.05). Two-dimensional strain GLS and GC values in HFNEF patients were negatively correlated with E/A values and positively correlated with E/E' value ( r=-0.817, -0.763; P=0.004, 0.012<0.05), while two-dimensional strain ROT results were positively correlated with E/A values and negatively correlated with E/E' values ( r=-0.805, -0.759; P=0.006, 0.014<0.05). Conclusion:Left ventricular systolic function damage has occurred in HFNEF patients.Two-dimensional speckle tracking technique is highly sensitive to the changes of myocardial systolic function for HFNEF patients.It has high clinical value in the diagnosis and prognosis evaluation of HFNEF.Relevant clinical workers should pay attention to it.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-866033

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relationship between medical students' employment intention in primary healthcare unit and their learning and psychological state through a questionnaire survey among clinical undergraduates.Methods:A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 821 graduates of a Medical University in 2017 to investigate their employment intention, learning and psychological status and employment plan. The learning and psychological status was evaluated by a self-designed questionnaire. Independent sample t-test, variance analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were used to examine the relevant factors affecting medical students' employment intention in primary healthcare by SPSS 21.0 version.Results:A total of 810 questionnaires were distributed and 753 questionnaires were included in the analysis. The employment intention of working in primary healthcare units of medical students was 4.61±2.24. Students in the advanced class had lower willingness to work in primary healthcare unit (the group of students with higher entrance examination scores) ( P<0.05), and students with higher learning pressure and greater pressure of doctor-patient relationship were more reluctant to work in primary healthcare units ( P<0.05). In terms of the employment plan, students who focus on their professional counterparts are more willing to work in primary healthcare unit, while those who pay more attention to salary are less willing to work in primary healthcare unit ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Improving the incentive policies for working in primary healthcare unit, actively relieving psychological pressure of medical students, and increasing the training of doctor-patient communication can have a positive effect on improving the willingness of medical students to have an employment intention in primary healthcare unit.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868061

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether the bladder neck descent and the area of levator ani hiatus obtained on the maximum Valsalva were consistent at the lithotomy position and separating-legs-holding-knees position.Methods:Forty four subjects who underwent perineal pelvic floor four-dimensional ultrasound at 6-8 weeks postpartum in Third Hospital of Longgang Shenzhen from November 2019 to January 2020 were enrolled in this study. All subjects were able to effectively complete the maximum Valsalva maneuver both at the lithotomy position and the separating-legs-holding-knees position. The bladder neck descent and hiatus area of the levator Ani on the maximum Valsalva at these two positions were measured and compared.Results:The bladder neck descent at the separating-legs-holding-knees position was higher than that at the lithotomy position [(41.06±8.25)mm vs (39.96±8.10)mm; t=-2.965, P=0.005], and the hiatus area of levator Ani at the separating-legs-holding-knees position was larger than that at the lithotomy position[(27.55±4.90)cm 2 vs (26.32±4.76)cm 2; t=-3.820, P<0.001]. Conclusions:The bladder neck descent and the area of levator Ani hiatus on the maximum Valsalva at separating-legs- holding-knees position are larger than those on the maximum Valsalva at the lithotomy position.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-822559

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the characteristics and prognostic value of cellular immune function in severe patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Methods    A cohort study was conducted to collect the clinical data of 119 severe patients admitted to the Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University (Eastern District) including 60 males (50.4%) and 59 females (49.6%), with an average age of 60.9±14.2 years. The primary endpoint of follow-up was death in the hospital, and the disease outcome classification was the secondary endpoint of follow-up within 30 days after admission. We analyzed the correlation between cellular immune function and COVID-19 prognosis. Results     A total of 22 patients died during this process, and 47 patients were severe/critical during the follow-up period. The counts of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, and CD19+ in the primary endpoint events were significantly different between the survival group and the death group (all P<0.05). The counts of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+, CD19+ in the secondary endpoint events were significantly different between the normal group and the severe/critical group (all P<0.05). The results of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the area under the cellular immune function curve of dead patients and severe/critical patients had good predictive value (all P<0.05). Conclusion    Cell immune function has good clinical and prognostic value for COVID-19.

10.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2424-2434, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878498

ABSTRACT

This study intends to obtain recombinant proteins of ALT1 and ALT2 isozymes by using genetic recombination technology. Monoclonal antibodies ALT1 and ALT2 with high specificity and high activity were prepared and screened (ALT1 monoclonal antibody has been successfully prepared and published). The localization, distribution and expression of ALT1 and ALT2 isozymes in human tissues were discussed. The ALT2 genes were amplified from human liver cancer cell (HepG2) by RT-PCR method. The mature ALT2 gene was subcloned into the pET32a-ALT2 prokaryotic expression vector. Its ligation product was transformed into BL21(DE3) competent cells, and transformed into competent cells to express ALT2 proteins induced by IPTG. The recombinant proteins of ALT2 were purified by nickel column (Ni⁺) affinity chromatography. Balb/c mice were immunized with recombinant proteins of ALT2. Positive serum mouse spleen cells and myeloma cells SP2/0 were selected for cell fusion. The positive cell lines were selected by indirect ELISA and subcloned by limited dilution method. Affinity chromatography was used to purify ALT2 antibodies. The expression and distribution of ALT2 in human normal tissues were detected by RT-PCR and Western blotting. Results show that the expression of ALT isoenzyme in tissues was almost the same at gene mRNA level and protein level. ALT1 is highly expressed in liver, kidney and skeletal muscle, and moderately expressed in gastrointestinal smooth muscle. ALT2 is highly expressed in fat, skeletal muscle and myocardium, and is poorly expressed in gastrointestinal smooth muscle. Immunohistochemical studies show that ALT1 is highly expressed in hepatocytes, renal medullary tubules and muscle fibers, ALT2 is highly expressed in adipocytes and myocardial cells, and ALT1 and ALT2 in gastrointestinal tissues are mainly expressed in mucosa of upper intestinal wall region. The results showed that the isoenzymes ALT1 and ALT2 were mainly expressed in the mucosa of the upper part of the intestinal wall. It is widely distributed in the tissues, providing theoretical basis for understanding the mechanism of ALT activity increase under different pathological conditions.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Animals , Cloning, Molecular , Humans , Isoenzymes/genetics , Liver , Mice , Recombinant Proteins
11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2083-2088, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780284

ABSTRACT

The morphological identification, chemical component analysis, and DNA barcode determination were investigated on Genus Mentha (including Mentha haplocalyx Briq., Mentha piperita Linn., Mentha spicata Linn. and Mentha cultivated) in order to reveal the origin of Herba Mentha as a drug, and ensure the accuracy in clinic application. The morphological characters, chemical composition analysis by GC-MS/MS and DNA content measure by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were reported in this study for inter- or intra- species divergence. Based on the morphology, axillary verticillasters was recognized as the typical character for Mentha haplocalyx Briq. Carvone was used as an index component for chemical composition analysis of Mentha spicata Linn. Gene clustering analysis divided 22 batches of samples into two molecular groups. Mentha haplocalyx Briq. is distinguishably different from Mentha spicata Linn. Mentha piperita Linn. and other cultivated plants were distributed between these two species. The results obtained by morphological identification, chemical composition analysis, and DNA barcode determination show good correlations, but each identification method has its limit. In view of the fact that hybridization of the plants in Genus Mentha is common, identification relying on only one method is not recommended.

12.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1169-1173, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818161

ABSTRACT

Objective MicroRNA-145 (miR-145) is underexpressed in breast cancer. The study aimed to explore the regulatory effect of miR-145 on breast cancer MCF-7 cells by investigating the association of miR-145 with ADAM17 and EGFR. Methods The MCF-7 breast cancer cells were divided into three groups: the transfection group (transfected with microRNA-145 mimics), the control group (without transfection) and the nonsense sequence group (transfected with nonsense microRNA). MTT, transwell and real-time quantitative fluorescence polymerase chain reaction(qPCR) were respectively used to detect the proliferative capacity, invasive ability and expression of MCF-7 breast cancer cells after the transfection of miR-145 in three groups. ADAM17 and EGFR mRNA and protein levels in three groups of breast cancer MCF-7 cells were detected by qPCR and western blot. Results The results of qPCR showed that the relative expression of miR-145 was significantly higher in transfection group (13964.33±1265.30) than those in control group (1.00±0.05) and nonsense sequence group (1.03±0.15) and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01); the expression of ADAM17 mRNA in transfection group (1.71±0.08) was significantly higher than that in control group (1.00±0.07) and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Compared with the nonsense sequences at 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h, the inhibition rate of MCF-7 in transfection group was significantly increased (P<0.01). The results of transwell invasion showed that the number of transmembrane cells in transfection group [(56.20±2.17)/field] was significantly lower than those in control group [(92.80±3.90)/field] and nonsense sequence group [(91.80±4.97)/field of view ] (P < 0.01). Western blot results showed that the protein content of ADAM17 and EGFR in transfection group was significantly lower than those in the control group and the nonsense sequence group (P<0.01). Conclusion MiR-145 inhibits the proliferation and invasion of breast cancer MCF-7 cell line by acting on the ADAM17-EGFR signaling pathway.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776711

ABSTRACT

Aluminum (Al) is the most abundant metal element in the earth's crust. On acid soils, at pH 5.5 or lower, part of insoluble Al-containing minerals become solubilized into soil solution, with resultant highly toxic effects on plant growth and development. Nevertheless, some plants have developed Al-tolerance mechanisms that enable them to counteract this Al toxicity. One such well-documented mechanism is the Al-induced secretion of organic acid anions, including citrate, malate, and oxalate, from plant roots. Once secreted, these anions chelate external Al ions, thus protecting the secreting plant from Al toxicity. Genes encoding the citrate and malate transporters responsible for secretion have been identified and characterized, and accumulating evidence indicates that regulation of the expression of these transporter genes is critical for plant Al tolerance. In this review, we outline the recent history of research into plant Al-tolerance mechanisms, with special emphasis on the physiology of Al-induced secretion of organic acid anions from plant roots. In particular, we summarize the identification of genes encoding organic acid transporters and review current understanding of genes regulating organic acid secretion. We also discuss the possible signaling pathways regulating the expression of organic acid transporter genes.


Subject(s)
Aluminum , Toxicity , Anions , Biological Transport , Citric Acid , Metabolism , Malates , Metabolism , Oxalic Acid , Metabolism , Plant Roots , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Physiology
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776610

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects and safety of catgut embedding on alleviating insomnia.@*METHODS@#Totally 510 patients with insomnia were divided into 5 Chinese medicine (CM) syndrome types: Xin (Heart) and Pi (Spleen) deficiency, yin deficiency with excess fire, Xin and gut qi deficiency, Wei (Stomach) disorder, and qi and blood deficiency, respectively. These 5 types of patients were randomly assigned to a catgut embedding group, an acupuncture group or a medication group (30 cases in Xin and Pi deficiency type, Wei disorder type, Xin and gut qi deficiency type, respectively; 40 cases in yin deficiency with excess fire type and qi and blood deficiency type, respectively). In the catgut embedding group, patients were treated by implanting catgut into acupoints once every 10 days for a total of 30 days. In the acupuncture group, patients were treated with acupuncture once per day over 30 days (excluding weekends); and patients in the medication group took 1 mg Eurodin Tablet orally every night for 30 days. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was evaluated before treatment, on 30 and 60 days after the first treatment, respectively. The International Unified Sleep Efficiency Value (IUSEV) was measured at 30 and 60 days. The safety was evaluated after treatment and adverse events were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The objective PSQI scores including subjective sleep quality, sleep latency, sleep duration, habitual sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance, daytime dysfunction, and total scores at 30 days were significantly improved compared with pre-treatment in the catgut embedding and acupuncture groups (P<0.01 or P<0.05). At 30 days, the PSQI scores in catgut embedding group were superior to the medication group in the patients with each type of insomnia, with the exception of sleep duration (P<0.01 or P<0.05). At 60 days, significant differences were found between the catgut embedding group and the medication group (P<0.01 for all indices). The IUSEV scores in the catgut embedding group were significantly higher than the acupuncture group at 60 days, and the scores in acupuncture group were higher than the medication group at 30 days (P<0.05 for all types). No severe adverse events were found in this study.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Acupoint catgut embedding and acupuncture were more effective than medication in alleviating insomnia syndrome in different Chinese medicine syndrome type. However, the sustained effects of acupoint catgut embedding were superior to acupuncture.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905692

ABSTRACT

There are 42 higher projects in assistive technology services, 26 projects in assistive technology, and more than 20 projects in prosthetic orthotics in the United States, as retrieved from the internet. Graduate certification, master's degree and doctor's degree with emphasis on assistive technology are the main forms. The curriculum of assistive technology in the United States has reached a relatively mature level. The mandatory requirements and economic guarantee of the use of assistive technology by laws and policies in the United States are important background factors for the development of education. At present, there are four higher education programs about assistive technology service, six projects in assistive technology devices, and five projects in prosthetic orthotics in China. China also needs to develop the higher education of assistive technology, and also looks forward to more powerful support of policies and regulations on the utilization of assistive technology.

16.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1348-1352, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800379

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To discuss the correlation between the effect of vitamin D treatment and vitamin D binding protein gene polymorphism in elderly patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(COPD).@*Methods@#A total of 800 elderly patients with stable COPD admitted to the four Departments of Respiratory Medicine of four Wenzhou Hospitals were enrolled from September 2016 to November 2018.Because of the drop-out during follow-up, there were final 776 patients in our prospective research.According to the GC gene type, patients were divided into the GC1F-1S(n=214), the GC1F-1S(n=168), GC1F-2(n=160), GC1S-1S(n=132), GC1F-2(n=82)and GC2-2 groups(n=44), and each group was randomly divided into control group(n=400)receiving the conventional treatment and the treatment group(n=400)taking vitmain D 0.5 μg/d for 3 months as add-on to the conventional treatment.The lung function and the COPD assessment test(CAT)score before and after the therapy were observed and compared in patients with different GC sub-genotypes.@*Results@#Among the elderly patients enrolled in our research, GC1F-1F genotype was most common, accounting for 26.8%(214 cases), the followings of next order were GC 1F-1S genotype accounting for 21.0%(168 cases), and GC2-2 genotype was most rare, accounting for 5.5%(44 cases). The lung function were improved and the CAT score were reduced in all groups after therapy as compared with pre-treatment(P<0.05). The lung function was better and the CAT score was lower in patients with GC1F-1F, GC1F-1S, GC1F-2, GC1S-1S sub-genotypes(13.77±4.67 vs.15.83±3.73, 15.38±4.45 vs.17.86±3.92, 17.42±3.19 vs.19.46±4.07)than in the corresponding control subgroups after treatment(P<0.05). While, there was no significant difference in the lung function and the CAT score between patients with GC1S-2 and GC2-2 genotypes in control versus treatment subgroups(P>0.05).@*Conclusions@#Vitamin D binding protein gene polymorphism is associated with the curative effect of supplement of vitamin D in elderly patients with stable COPD, which has a predictive value for the curative effect of vitamin D supplement.

17.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 354-357, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756756

ABSTRACT

In tumor immunotherapy, the study of programmed death 1 (PD-1) and programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) provides a new approach for the comprehensive treatment of advanced lung cancer. About 20% of patients with non-small cell lung cancer could benefit from lung cancer immunotherapy, while those with high PD-L1 expression will benefit more. At present, there are few related studies on PD-1 expression at home and abroad, and the detection of PD-1/PD-L1 expressions is mostly concentrated in tumor tissues. With the research progress of liquid biopsy technology, the convenience and accuracy of peripheral blood testing are also receiving more and more attention. However, there are still few biological indicators for predicting the efficacy of tumor immunotherapy, and the uniform standard and accuracy of testing still need more clinical practice and exploration. This article reviews the research on the expressions of PD-1 and PD-L1 in tissues and peripheral blood of patients with lung cancer, aiming to provide reference for the treatment of lung cancer with immune checkpoint blockers.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754848

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the applicability of sound touch elastography ( ST E) and sound touch quantify ( ST Q ) in measuring liver and spleen stiffness . Methods One hundred and eighteen healthy volunteers were included and underwent ST E and ST Q . T he success rate ,variability and reproducibility of ST E and ST Q were analyzed . T he accurate sampling size and number of tests for liver ST Q were also analyzed . Results T he success rates ,variability ,reproducibility of ST E and ST Q in liver were 97 .5% and 99 .2% ,8 .7% and 12 .0% ,0 .917 and 0 .916 , respectively . While those with spleen were 76 .3% and 66 .9% ,12 .4% and 16 .4% ,0 .847 and 0 .706 ,respectively . The sampling size of 1 .5 cm×1 .0 cm yield the lowest variability ( 8 .5% ) ( F =6 .562 , P =0 .002) ,and there was no significant difference between results of detecting 5 times and 10 times( P =0 .571) . T he liver and spleen stiffness of ST E were 5 .75 kPa ( 95%CI :5 .60-5 .91 kPa) and 15 .58 kPa ( 95% CI :14 .99 -16 .16 kPa) . Conclusions The measurement of liver stiffness using both ST E and ST Q have a high success rate and low variability . However ,ST E is better than STQ in measuring spleen stiffness .

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754523

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between nutritional risk status and implementation of nutrition therapy in mechanical ventilated (MV) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients, so as to provide evidence for individualized nutrition therapy. Methods A prospective multicenter observational study was conducted. MV COPD patients admitted to Department of Intensive Care Units (ICU) of 10 County Hospitals in Zhejiang Province from January 2015 to January 2016 were enrolled, and according to nutrition risk screening 2002 (NRS2002) score, they were divided into nutritional high risk group (NRS2002 3-5) and nutritional extremely high risk group (NRS2002 6-7). Nutrition therapy situation and hospital mortality were compared between the two groups; multivariate Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with COPD under mechanical ventilation. Kaplan-Meier curve was used to analyze the prognosis at 30 days; receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to test the robustness of multivariable regression analysis. Results ① One hundred and six COPD patients with MV were analyzed; among them, 90 patients were in the nutritional high risk group, and 16 were in the nutritional extremely high risk group. There were no significant differences in age, gender and body mass index (BMI) between the two groups (all P > 0.05); the acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHEⅡ) score, NRS2002 score in patients of nutrition risk extremely high group were obviously higher than that in patients with nutrition high risk group (APACHEⅡ: 24.9±6.1 vs. 20.3±5.8, NRS2002 score: 6.3±0.5 vs. 4.2±0.8, both P < 0.05). ② Patients in both groups received early enteral nutrition (EN) therapy, the proportion of patients in nutritional extremely high risk group received early EN was lower than that of patients in the nutritional high risk group [12.5% (2/16) vs. 17.7% (16/90)], along with the prolongation of hospital stay, the proportions of patients beginning to receive the EN were gradually increased in the nutrition extremely high risk group and high risk group, after 2 days the EN increased significantly, and reached the highest value on day 6 after entering ICU [100.0% (16/16), 98.9% (89/90), respectively]; within 3 days after admission into ICU, the proportion of EN in nutrition extremely high risk group was obviously lower than that in nutrition high risk group, and from day 4, there was no statistical significant difference in proportion of EN between the two groups (all P > 0.05). The time to start parenteral nutrition (PN) treatment was relatively early admission to the ICU on day 1 and the proportion of this therapy was high in the two groups [56.2% (9/16), 27.7% (25/90), respectively], the PN proportion did not decrease with the length of hospitalization and the increase of EN. The proportion of patients in the nutrition extremely high risk group who started PN treatment was higher, which reached 56.2% admission to the ICU on day 1.③ With extension of hospital stay, the calories of EN were gradually increased in the nutritional high risk group, the highest calories in nutritional high risk groups was 4 318 (3 912, 4 812) kJ/d at day 7; while the highest calories in nutritional extremely high risk groups was 3 602 (2 167, 4 615) kJ/d at day 6 and a slight decreased at day 7; the difference of calories within the first week between the two groups had no significance (all P > 0.05). The calorific value of PN therapy remained at a constant level during hospitalization within 7 days, and after admission into ICU for 4-5 days, the target range of calories was achieved. ④ Kaplan-Meier survival curve analysis showed that the mortality at 30 days in the extremely high risk group was significantly higher than that in the high risk group [62.5% (10/16) vs. 11.1% (10/90), χ2 = 15.4, P < 0.01]. ⑤ Multiple cox-regression analysis showed that NRS2002 scoring was the independent risk factor affecting the mortality of patients in hospital [odds ratio (OR) = 2.08, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 1.39-3.12, P = 0.005]. ⑥ ROC curve analysis: according to ROC curve analysis of the effectiveness of multi-factor regression model, area under ROC curve (AUC) was 0.79, sensitivity was 70.00%, specificity was 74.42%, positive likelihood ratio was 2.74, negative likelihood ratio was 0.40, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.702-0.864, P = 0.001, and it showed that the regression model had a good prediction effect. Conclusions MV COPD patients have significant nutritional risk and all receive early EN therapy. The proportion of beginning to use PN treatment in patients with nutritional extremely high risk is relatively high. Initial nutritional status is the independent risk factor of poor prognosis in MV patients with COPD.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-746064

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the regulatory effects of CD24 on Ly6Chi macrophages in liv-er and its influences on bile duct ligation ( BDL)-induced hepatic fibrosis in mice. Methods Liver fibrosis was induced in wild-type ( WT) and CD24-/- mice by surgical ligation of the biliary duct. Levels of alanine amino transferase ( ALT) in serum were detected and liver sections were stained with haematoxylin and eosin ( H&E) staining to assess the severity of liver injury. Sirius Red staining was used to observe the degree of liver fibrosis. Real-time PCR was performed for detecting the expression of hepatic fibrosis-related markers and TGF-β1 at mRNA level. The percentage of macrophages and the number of TGF-β1-producing macro-phages were measured by flow cytometry. Results BDL-induced liver fibrosis was exacerbated in CD24-/-mice than in WT mice as demonstrated by more serious hyperplasia in bile duct, more inflammatory infiltra-tion at the portal area and higher levels of ALT in serum. Results of Sirius red staining also showed that the liver fibrosis was more severe in CD24-/- mice than in WT mice. Moreover, α-SMA and collagen typeⅠalpha 1 (Col1a1) were significantly upregulated in CD24-/- mice. Flow cytometry analysis revealed that CD24 was highly expressed by hepatic macrophages in BDL-induced WT mice, and the percentages of hepat-ic macrophages were significantly elevated in CD24-/-mice compared with those in WT mice. Further analy-sis revealed that the percentages of Ly6Chi hepatic macrophages in CD24-/- mice were higher than those in WT mice, but there was no significant difference in the percentages of Ly6Clo macrophages. The expression of TGF-β1 at mRNA level was increased in CD24-/-mice as compared with that in WT mice after BDL. Mo-reover, intracellular staining showed that Ly6Chi hepatic macrophages in CD24-/- mice secreted more TGF-β1 than the macrophages in WT mice. Conclusions CD24 might attenuate the BDL-induced liver fibrosis in mice via regulating the percentage of hepatic Ly6Chi macrophages and the secretion of TGF-β1.

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