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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 633-642, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016622

ABSTRACT

italic>Anoectochilus roxburghii liquid (spray, a hospital preparation of Wu Mengchao Hepatobiliary Hospital of Fujian Medical University) has shown a good clinical treatment effect during the COVID-19 pandemic, but its material basis and mechanism of action are still unclear. In this study, network pharmacology and molecular docking methods were used to predict the molecular mechanism of A. roxburghii liquid against COVID-19, and pharmacodynamic experiments in vitro were conducted to study the interaction between the current targets with clear preventive and therapeutic effects and the key components of A. roxburghii liquid. UPLC-MS and database were used to compare and analyze the active ingredients in the liquid, and 17 potential active ingredients with good drug-like properties were screened by in vivo pharmacokinetics process in SwissADME database. SwissTargetPrediction and GeneCards were searched to find 93 common targets. Cytoscape 3.8.2 software was used to construct the "component-target" network map, and the Metascape platform was used for gene function annotation and pathway enrichment analysis. It was found that the extract could regulate the positive response to external stimuli, inflammatory response, cytokine production and other biological processes by binding the active ingredients such as isorhamnetin, kaempferol, luteolin, quercetin and apigenin to the common targets (NOS3, MPO, MMP3, etc.), and play an anti-COVID-19 role. In the angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) activity inhibition assay, it was found that the stock solution of A. roxburghii liquid (for spray), and the supernatant after removing polysaccharides (mainly containing flavonoids) could to some extent inhibit the activity of ACE2. Crucially, in the experiment of 2019-nCOV-S pseudovirus infecting HEK-293T-ACE2 cells, we found that A. roxburghii liquid may exert anti-COVID-19 effects by blocking the binding of SARS-CoV-S protein to ACE2.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 126-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970508

ABSTRACT

UHPLC-Q-Exactive Orbitrap MS/MS was used to systematically analyze and compare the alkaloids in Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix, Aconiti Radix, and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata. After the samples were pretreated in the solid-phase extraction cartridges, 0.1% ammonium hydroxide(A)-acetonitrile(B) was used for gradient elution. The LC-MS method for characterization of alkaloids in the three herbal medicines was established in ESI positive ion mode to collect high resolution MS data of reference substances and samples. On the basis of the information of reference substance cracking behavior, retention time, accurate molecular mass, and related literature, a total of 155 alkaloids were identified in Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix, Aconiti Radix, and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Prae-parata. Specifically, 130, 127, and 92 alkaloids were identified in Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix, Aconiti Radix, and Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, respectively. Monoester alkaloids and amino-alcohol alkaloids were dominant in the three herbal medicines, and the alkaloids in Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix and Aconiti Radix were similar. This paper can provide a reference for elucidating the pharmacological effects and clinical application differences of the three herbal medicines produced from plants of Aconitum.


Subject(s)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Aconitum , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Alkaloids , Plants, Medicinal
3.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 1114-1119, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009196

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore incidence, risk factors and the relationship between preoperative heart failure and prognosis in elderly patients with hip fracture.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 1 569 elderly patients with hip fracture treated from January 2012 to December 2019, including 522 males and 1 047 females, aged 81.00 (75.00, 90.00) years old;896 intertrochanteric fractures and 673 femoral neck fractures. Patients were divided into heart failure and non-heart failure groups according to whether they developed heart failure before surgery, and heart failure was set as the dependent variable, with independent variables including age, gender, fracture type, comorbidities and hematological indicators, etc. Univariate analysis was performed at first, and independent variables with statistical differences were included in multivariate Logistic regression analysis. Independent risk factors for preoperative heart failure were obtained. The length of hospital stay, perioperative complications, mortality at 30 days and 1 year after surgery were compared between heart failure and non-heart failure groups.@*RESULTS@#There were 91 patients in heart failure group, including 40 males and 51 females, aged 82.00 (79.00, 87.00) years old;55 patients with intertrochanteric fracture and 36 patients with femoral neck fracture. There were 1 478 patients in non-heart failure groups, including 482 males and 996 females, aged 81.00(75.00, 86.00) years old;841 patients with intertrochanteric fracture and 637 patients with femoral neck fracture. There were significant differences in age, sex, coronary heart disease, arrhythmia and dementia between two groups(P<0.05). Multivariate Logistic analysis of statistically significant factors showed that males(OR=1.609, P=0.032), age(OR=1.032, P=0.031), arrhythmia(OR=2.045, P=0.006), dementia (OR=2.106, P=0.014) were independent risk factor for preoperative heart failure. The 30-day and 1-year mortality rates were 9.9% and 26.4% in heart failure group and 3.6% and 13.8% in non-heart failure group, respectively;and had statistical significance between two groups (P<0.05). There were significant differences in pulmonary infection, cerebrovascular complications and cardiovascular complications between two groups (P<0.05). The duration of hospitalization in heart failure group was (16.21±10.64) d compared with that in non-heart failure group (13.26±8.00) d, and the difference was statistically significant (t=2.513, P=0.012).@*CONCLUSION@#Male, old age, arrhythmia and dementia are independent risk factors for heart failure after hip fracture in elderly patients. Patients with preoperative heart failure have a higher incidence of postoperative pulmonary infection, cerebrovascular and cardiovascular complications, higher mortality at 30 d and 1 year after surgery, and longer hospital stay.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Retrospective Studies , Hip Fractures/surgery , Femoral Neck Fractures , Heart Failure/etiology , Prognosis , Heart Diseases , Risk Factors , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Dementia , Arrhythmias, Cardiac
4.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 708-713, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore asurgical methods for replantation of severed finger.@*METHODS@#From January 2018 to November 2022, 8 amputated-finger patients were performed surgical reconstructions by using polyfoliate free flaps with the first dorsal metatarsal artery, including 7 males and 1 female, aged from 20 to 55 years old, and defect areas ranged from (1.0 to 2.0) cm×(3.0 to 4.5) cm. Finger pulp sensation, shape and other relevant parameters were assessed following the upper extremity functional evaluation standard, which was put forward by Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association. And maryland foot functional score was used to evaluate foot function.@*RESULTS@#Amputated fingers and flaps of all the 8 patients were survived. All patients were followed up for 4 to 20 months, their finger color and temperature tured to normal, with good wear-resistance and cold-resistance. According to Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association, functional score ranged 61 to 92;4 patients got excellent result and 4 good. Maryland foot functional score ranged from 93 to 100;and 8 patients got excellent result.@*CONCLUSION@#It is feasible to repair severed fingers with soft tissue defects using polyfoliate free flaps that driven by the flippers of the first and second toes of the foot. This method ccould bridge blood vessels, increase soft tissue volume of the injured finger, and avoid finger shortening, with high patient satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Foot/surgery , Lower Extremity , Surgical Flaps , Toes , Plastic Surgery Procedures
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5707-5718, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008769

ABSTRACT

Sleep occupies one-third of a person's lifetime and is a necessary condition for maintaining physiological function and health. With the increase in social and economic pressures, the growing use of electronic devices and the accelerated aging process of the population, insufficient sleep and its hazards have drawn widespread attention from researchers in China and abroad. Sleep deprivation refers to a decrease in sleep or a severe lack of sleep due to various reasons. Previous studies have found that sleep deprivation can cause extensive damage to the body, including an increased incidence and mortality rate of neuropathic diseases in the brain, cardiovascular diseases, imbalances in the gut microbiota, and other multi-organ diseases. The mechanisms underlying the occurrence of multi-system and multi-organ diseases due to sleep deprivation mainly involve oxidative stress, inflammatory responses, and impaired immune function in the body. According to traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), sleep deprivation falls into the category of sleepiness, and long-term sleepiness leads to Yin-Yang imbalance, resulting in the consumption of Qi and damage to the five Zang-organs. The appropriate treatment should focus on tonifying deficiency, reinforcing healthy Qi, and harmonizing Yin and Yang. TCM is characterized by a wide variety and abundant resources, and it has minimal side effects and a broad range of applications. Numerous studies have shown that TCM drugs and prescriptions not only improve sleep but also have beneficial effects on liver nourishment, intelligence enhancement, and kidney tonification, effectively preventing and treating the body injury caused by sleep deprivation. Given the increasing prevalence of sleep deprivation and its significant impact on body health, this article reviewed sleep deprivation-mediated body injury and its mechanism, summarized and categorized TCM compound prescriptions and single drugs for preventing and treating body injury, with the aim of laying the foundation for researchers to develop effective drugs for preventing and treating body injury caused by sleep deprivation and providing references for further exploration of the molecular mechanisms underlying the body injury caused by sleep deprivation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Sleep Deprivation/drug therapy , Sleepiness , Yin-Yang , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1754-1764, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928172

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix, a medicinal herb for invigorating Qi, has anti-aging, anti-tumor, immunoregulatory, blood sugar-and lipid-lowering, anti-fibrosis, anti-radiation and other pharmacological effects. This article reviewed the studies about the chemical components and pharmacological effects of Astragali Radix. According to the theory of quality markers(Q-markers) of Chinese medicinal materials, we predicted the Q-markers of Astragali Radix from traditional efficacy, chemical component validity, measurability, plant phylogeny, and pharmacokinetis. The results showed that total polysaccharides, flavonoids(e.g., calycosin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, formononetin, calycosin, quercetin, and ononin), and saponins(e.g., astragalosides Ⅱ, Ⅲ, and Ⅳ) can be taken as the main Q-markers. This review lays a foundation for regulating the quality research and standard establishment of Astragali Radix, and benefits the control and quality supervision of the production process of Astragali Radix and its related products.


Subject(s)
Astragalus Plant , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Flavonoids , Plant Roots
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 457-458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927407

ABSTRACT

In order to comprehensively stretch human fascia, adjust the biomechanical balance of fascia system and promote the recovery of physiological function of fascia, a new type of fascia stretching cup is designed. This design is composed of two or more silica gel cups and elastic stretching belts between cups. The bottom surface of the silica gel cup has an annular exhaust groove, which can increase the adsorption capacity of the cup to the skin. In the meanwhile, a removable magnet is placed in the groove at the top of each silica gel cup to assist analgesia. This design is suitable for the prevention and treatment of acute and chronic tendon and bone diseases with imbalance of meridians and tendons.


Subject(s)
Humans , Fascia , Silica Gel , Skin
8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2087-2100, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936568

ABSTRACT

Based on the research system of computer-aided drug design combined with complex network analysis, the potential mechanism of Dunhuang Dabupi Decoction in preventing and treating gastric cancer (GC) is analyzed, and the scientific connotation of its prescription rules is explored through the efficacy grouping. To study the effect of Dabupi Decoction freeze-dried powder solution on the proliferation activity of gastric cancer cells through cell experiments; the TCMSP and TCMID databases were used to collect the compound components of Dabupi Decoction. Swiss Target Prediction is used to predict potential targets of compounds. DrugBank, GeneCards, TTD, and DisGeNET were used to collect potential targets for gastric cancer. Analyze protein interactions of potential targets through the STRING database. DAVID database was used for KEGG enrichment analysis; Dabupi Decoction was divided into Wenzhong group (dried ginger), Yiqi group (ginseng, licorice, Atractylodes macrocephala), nourishing Yin group (Ophiopogon japonicus, Schisandra) and Jiangni group according to its efficacy characteristics. The inverse group (inula) has 4 functional compatibility groups. Cytoscape was used to construct a network of "medicinal flavor-potential active ingredient-key target" respectively, and the network was used to analyze the scientific connotation of the compatibility of efficacy groups. The Schrödinger software was used to verify the molecular docking of the core components and the core targets. The material basis of the Dabupi Decoction to prevent and treat gastric cancer was discovered through the combination of pattern analysis and combined free energy calculation. The core drug was analyzed from the perspective of dynamics through molecular dynamics simulation. Potential targets and representative potential compounds interact with each other. Cell experiments confirmed that Dabupitang freeze-dried powder solution can down-regulate the mitochondrial membrane potential of AGS gastric cancer cells, block the cell cycle in the G0/G1 phase (P < 0.05), and inhibit its proliferation (P < 0.05). The pathways enriched by the four functional groups contained in Dabupi Decoction are mainly distributed in the body's energy metabolism, inflammation-immune system regulation, and cycle-apoptotic functions. Each module is connected by a common target gene and has its own focus. The results of molecular docking showed that the compounds liquiritigenin, quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, methylophiopogonanone A, etc. may be the effective multi-target components of Dabupi Decoction. Estrogen receptor 1, androgen receptor, ATP-binding cassette superfamily G member 2, epidermal growth factor receptor, glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta and other targets have good affinity with each potential active compound, which may be a potential target of Dabupi Decoction for preventing and treating gastric cancer. Among them, kaempferol and the drug target EGFR not only have good binding ability, but also have good binding stability. This study is based on computer-aided drug design combined with complex network analysis strategies to initially reveal the material basis and molecular mechanism of Dabupi Decoction in the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer. It also explores the scientific connotation of Dabupi Decoction in the prevention and treatment of gastric cancer with different efficacy groups, and its clinical application provide chemical bioinformatics basis.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 200-208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940848

ABSTRACT

After more than 100 years of development, spray drying technology has become more mature and widely used, and it is of great importance in the field of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). TCM powders prepared by spray drying is the raw material of dispensing granules, and the powder properties have an important influence on subsequent molding process and product quality. As a new form of TCM, dispensing granules have been included in the management category of TCM decoction pieces, indicating a broader application market, and a consensus has also been reached on the importance of TCM powder research. Based on this, the author summarized the application progress of spray drying in the study of TCM powders, including the factors affecting spray drying process, such as liquid properties, process parameters and equipment factors, as well as the application of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and thermodynamic model in spray drying process simulation. Moreover, some commonly used pharmaceutical excipients for the modification of TCM powders were also introduced such as maltodextrin, microcrystalline cellulose and povidone. In addition, spray drying technology can also be used as a preparation technology for new drug delivery systems such as microcapsules and solid dispersions. Through the summary of this paper, the author suggests that the future research direction of spray drying of TCM can be carried out from the aspects of application rule of the coprocessing auxiliary materials based on the "unification of medicines and excipients", the "structure-property" relationship of spray-dried powders and the application of computer simulation and design, so as to further enrich the application of spray drying in the field of TCM powders.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 271-282, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940544

ABSTRACT

In the greying society, pension burden and high incidence of geriatric diseases have hindered social and economic development to a certain extent. Aging is a biological process involving multiple organs and factors, which leads to the occurrence of a variety of diseases. The occurrence of aging is related to a variety of signal pathways, such as nutrient sensing signal pathway and intracellular stress signal pathway, which attracts the interest of scholars in anti-aging drugs and poses a challenge to the development of such drugs. The anti-tumor, hypoglycemic, hypolipidemic, antioxidant, and antiviral activities of Chinese medicinal polysaccharides have been gradually confirmed, and they also have significant advantages in anti-aging. Thus, they are potential candidates for the development of anti-aging drugs. It has been verified that Chinese medicinal polysaccharides exert the anti-aging effect through a variety of mechanisms. To be specific, through dietary restriction, they promote the expression of longevity genes silencing information regulator 1 (Sirt1) and forkhead box O (FoxO) transcription factor, enhance the sensitivity to insulin, activate Sirt1 deacetylase or inhibit insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signal pathway, thereby exerting the anti-aging effect. In addition, they can inhibit the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the release of pro-inflammatory mediators, enhance anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capacity, and regulate the immunity to inhibit inflammation and aging. Moreover, they can also inhibit apoptosis and delay aging through p53-mediated pathway. Despite the extensive research on anti-aging effect of Chinese medicinal polysaccharides, and the diverse effects and ideal efficacy of the polysaccharides, the anti-aging mechanism has not been systematically reviewed. Therefore, this paper summarizes the relevant literature in PubMed and CNKI and systematically expounds the aging-related signal pathways regulated by Chinese medicinal polysaccharides, which is expected to provide a reference for researchers and clinical workers.

11.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 220-225, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932393

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) combined with Ovarian-Adnexal Reporting and Data System (O-RADS US) risk stratification and management system in differential diagnosis of ovarian-adnexal mass.Methods:Fifty-six patients with ovarian-adnexal mass who received transabdominal transvaginal ultrasound and CEUS in the Third People′s Hospital of Longgang District from September 2018 to January 2021 were enrolled. The images were classified by O-RADS US and diagnosed by CEUS by experienced and senior radiologist. On the basis of O-RADS US classification, the enhancement time, enhancement level and enhancement mode of CEUS were combined to upgrade or degrade the classification results of O-RADS US. The diagnostic accuracy was assessed using ROC curve analysis, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was calculated. The reproducibility of O-RADS US was assessed by another senior radiologist.Results:The AUC of O-RADS US for diagnosing benign and malignant ovarian-adnexal masses was 0.844(0.722, 0.927), the AUC of CEUS was 0.833(0.710, 0.920), the AUC of O-RADS US combined with CEUS was 0.940(0.842, 0.986) (compared with O-RADS US, P=0.020; compared with CEUS, P=0.031). The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was 0.897(0.824, 0.940) for O-RADS US. Conclusions:CEUS combined with O-RADS US classification can effectively improve the diagnostic efficiency for benign and malignant ovarian-adnexal masses.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1163-1167, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929499

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effects of the specific simulated luminous environment on the visual performance of people with different vision, so as to provide an experimental basis for revising pilots' vision standards. METHODS: A controlled randomized trial was conducted. Twenty-four volunteers were recruited and divided into four groups(1.0/1.0, 0.8/0.8, 0.6/0.6 and 0.4/0.4, decimal vision)according to right/left eye visual acuity, with six subjects in each group. Each subject was tested for static distant vision, kinetic visual acuity, color vision, depth perception error and visual search time under the simulated luminous environments of sunlight, twilight, and on-cloud, respectively, to compare changes in the impact of distinctive luminous surroundings on the visual performance indicators of human beings with different vision.RESULTS: There were main effect differences in static distant vision, kinetic visual acuity, color error, depth perception error and visual search time under different light environments(all P&#x003C;0.01). The binocular static distant visual acuity, abilities of color discrimination, depth perception and visual search in simulated sunlight environment were higher than those in simulated twilight and on-cloud environments. In the 0.4/0.4 vision group, kinetic vision in simulated twilight and on-cloud environments were significantly lower than that in simulated sunlight environment(P&#x003C;0.01). There were main effect differences in binocular static distant vision, kinetic visual acuity, depth perception error and visual search time among subjects with different vision(all P&#x003C;0.05). Compared with 1.0/1.0 vision group, those with 0.6/0.6 and 0.4/0.4 vision had significant decrease in kinetic visual acuity, depth perception ability and visual search ability(all P&#x003C;0.05). CONCLUSION: Different luminous environments have a great impact on the visual performance of people with low vision, which poses a potential threat to flight safety.

13.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 712-716, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To comparatively analyze the diagnostic value of patent foramen ovale and the degree of right-to-left shunt among the traditional Valsalva maneuver (VM), the modified Valsalva maneuver (mVM) and the compression of the inferior vena cava combined with modified Valsalva maneuver (CM).Methods:A total of 132 patients with migraine, dizziness, chest pain and other symptoms in Longgang District People′s Hospital of Shenzhen from January 2021 to December 2021 were prospectively enrolled. The detection rate of patent foramen ovale and the degree of right-to-left shunt were assessed among the rest state and after performing the auxiliary maneuvers including VM, mVM and CM respectively.Results:After performing the auxiliary maneuvers, the detection rate of patent foramen ovale was significantly increased (88.6% vs 59.8%) with statistical significance (χ 2=36.026, P<0.001). There was a significant difference in the degree of right-to-left shunt among the three auxiliary maneuvers (χ 2=25.581, P<0.001). CM was the most effective for the detection of the large right-to-left shunt, and the difference was statistically significant compared with VM and mVM ( P<0.001, P=0.002). Conclusions:Auxiliary maneuvers is crucial for the diagnosis of patent foramen ovale. Compared with VM and mVM, performing CM can further improve the detection rate of patent foramen ovale and increase the degree of right-to-left shunt.

14.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 1744-1747, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955904

ABSTRACT

Unpaid blood donation is the important way of clinical blood supply. The blood collection environment of blood stations mainly includes mobile blood collection vehicles, blood donation rooms and other mobile forms or fixed places to recruit blood donors and collect blood. During the process of blood collection, in addition to the individual organism of the blood donor, different blood collection sites have certain impact on the quality of the whole blood collected from the donor and the adverse reactions in blood donors. To further investigate the distribution characteristics of the collected whole blood, improve blood quality and reduce adverse reactions, we reviewed relevant studies worldwide to analyze the population characteristics, advantages and disadvantages in different blood collection places, which will help establish different blood collection sites as blood stations and increase the amount of collected blood and improve blood quality.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 376-379, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888627

ABSTRACT

The uniformity of blue LED array in jaundice treatment box is improved. The mathematical model of illumination uniformity algorithm for inner and outer LED arrays layout is established. Taking the actual size of blue light board in jaundice treatment box as an example, the optimal illumination uniformity with best LED arrays layout are obtained through programming iteration and simulation verification. The uniformity of blue light LED improved 42.9 % comparing with tradition LED arrays.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computer Simulation , Jaundice , Light , Lighting
16.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 434-440, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887755

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 in patients with oral leukoplakia (OLK) and OLK cancerization who have aspicy diet in Chengdu.@*METHODS@#Thirtypatients with OLK andspicy diet and 15 patients with OLK without spicy diet in Chengdu were divided into three groups: hyperplastic OLK (OLK-), OLK with mild to moderate dysplasia (OLK+), and severe dysplastic  OLK or oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) transforming from OLK (OLK++/OSCC). The expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 were detected by immunohistochemistry and statistically analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression of Ki-67 and P53 in patients with or without spicy diet in the OLK+and OLK++/OSCC groups were stronger than that of the OLK- group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Spicy diet did not have an influence on the expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, P53, and P16 in patients with OLK and OSCC. The expression of Ki-67, Cyclin D1, and P53 increased with the development of OLK, whereas P16 showed opposite expression trend.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cyclin D1 , Diet , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Ki-67 Antigen , Leukoplakia, Oral , Mouth Neoplasms , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
17.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 225-230, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the frequency of myeloid dendritic cells (mDC) and plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDC) in peripheral blood of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and their relationship with renal injury.Methods:The frequency of peripheral mDC and pDC in 102 SLE patients and 10 healthy controls were detected by flow cytometry. The quantitative data were expressed by [ M( P25, P75)]. The measurement data of the two groups with non-normal distribution was analyzed by Mann Whitney U test. The correlation between the two groups was analyzed by Spearman rank correlation analysis and multiple linear regression. Results:The frequency of pDC [14.00%(7.92%, 19.65%) vs 24.55%(19.68%, 32.90%), Z=-3.163, P<0.01] and mDC [21.25%(13.28%, 32.83%) vs 34.85%(24.58%, 41.93%), Z=-2.607, P<0.01] in the peripheral blood of 102 patients with SLE were significantly lower than those of healthy controls. The frequency of pDC [9.09%(7.31%, 17.38%) vs 24.55%(19.68%, 32.90%), Z=-3.033, P=<0.01] and mDC [9.40%(7.88%, 21.60%) vs 34.85%(24.58%, 41.93%), Z=-3.231, P<0.01] in 12 patients with newly diagnosed SLE were also significantly lower than those in healthy controls. After adjustedfor confounding factors, multivariate analysis showed that SLEDAI level was the main factor influencing the frequency of pDC ( P=0.019) and mDC ( P<0.01). In addition, pDC[8.02%(2.25%, 9.97%) vs 16.70%(11.80%, 24.60%), Z=-2.490, P=0.015] and mDC[8.80%(5.99%, 12.80%) vs 20.20%(11.20%, 42.80%), Z=-2.226, P=0.029] in patients with active LN were also significantly lower than that of patients with stable LN. The mDC frequency was positively correlated with the levels of complement C3 ( r=0.455, P<0.01) and C4 ( r= 0.289, P, P<0.01). Conclusion:The frequency of mDC and pDC in SLE patients is significantly abnormal, which is closely related to disease activity. In addition, pDC and mDC may be involved in the occurrence and development of LN.

18.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 580-584, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006693

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To conduct a retrospective study of the population characteristics, efficacy and influencing factors of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who received iguratimod (IGU) treatment for at least 6 months from July 2015 to October 2020 and had more than 3 follow-up records. 【Methods】 In this study, 105 patients with RA were enrolled, and all the patients received IGU treatment for at least 6 months and were followed up three times. We observed their clinical manifestations before and after treatment, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP), disease activity index (DAS28), rheumatoid factor (RF), anticyclic citrullinated peptide (ACPA), immunoglobulins (IgG, IgA, and IgM), lymphocyte subsets, and observed and recorded adverse reactions. 【Results】 The course of disease and the positive rate of ACPA were significantly lower in IGU group than in the group of IGU combined with (MTX) treatment (P<0.05). The DAS28-ESR of the patients in IGU group was significantly lower than that in the IGU+MTX treatment group and IGU+leflunomide (LEF) treatment group (P<0.05). After 6 months of continuous treatment, visual analogue scale/score (VAS), CRP and DAS28 (ESR/CRP) in IGU group were significantly reduced. As the treatment time was extended to one year, the above indicators further improved, and the number of joint swelling (SW) and the number of joint tenderness (TEN) also significantly improved. After one year’s continuous treatment, the incidence of adverse reactions in IGU group was 32.3%(10/31). 【Conclusion】 For RA patients with early onset, short-course, and antibody-negative, IGU is an effective therapeutic drug and a treatment option for RA patients with interstitial lung disease. IGU is well tolerated and is also an effective and a safe combination therapy option.

19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 977-983, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942997

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects of radical radiotherapy combined with different chemotherapy regimens (fluorouracil-based versus docetaxel plus cisplatin) on the incidence of radiation intestinal injury and the prognosis in patients with non-metastatic anal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted to recruit non-metastatic anal squamous cell carcinoma patients who underwent chemoradiotherapy in the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and Nanfang Hospital from July 2013 to January 2021. Inclusion criteria: (1) newly diagnosed anal and perianal squamous cell carcinoma; (2) completed radical radiotherapy combined with concurrent chemotherapy; (3) tumor could be evaluated before radiotherapy. Exclusion criteria: (1) no imaging evaluation before treatment, or the tumor stage could not be determined; (2) patients undergoing local or radical resection before radiotherapy; (3) distant metastasis occurred before or during treatment; (4) recurrent anal squamous cell carcinoma. A total of 55 patients (48 from the Sixth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University and 7 from Nanfang Hospital) were given fluorouracil (the 5-FU group, n=34) or docetaxel combined with the cisplatin (the TP group, n=21). The evaluation of radiation intestinal injury, hematological toxicity and 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate were compared between the two groups. The effects of chemotherapy regimen and other clinicopathological factors on the incidence and severity of acute and chronic radiation intestinal injury were analyzed. The assessment of radiation intestinal injury was based on the American Cancer Radiotherapy Cooperation Group (RTOG) criteria. Results: During radiotherapy and within 3 months after radiotherapy, a total of 45 patients developed acute radiation intestinal injury, including 18 cases of grade 1 (32.7%), 22 cases of grade 2 (40.0%) and 5 cases of grade 3 (9.1%). No patient developed chronic radiation intestinal injury. Among the 34 patients in the 5-FU group, 21 had grade 2-3 radiation intestinal injury (21/34, 61.8%), which was significantly higher than that in the TP group (6/21, 28.6%) (χ(2)=5.723, P=0.017). Multivariate analysis showed that 5-FU chemotherapy regimen was an independent risk factor for radiation intestinal injury (HR=4.038, 95% CI: 1.250-13.045, P=0.020). With a median follow-up period of 26 (5-94) months, the 3-year DFS rate of patients in TP group and 5-FU group was 66.8% and 77.9%, respectively, whose difference was not significant (P=0.478). Univariate analysis showed that the DFS rate was associated with sex, age, tumor location, T stage, N stage, and induction chemotherapy (all P<0.05), while the DFS rate was not associated with chemotherapy regimen or radiation intestinal injury (both P>0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that age ≥ 50 years old was an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of patients (HR=8.301, 95% CI: 1.130-60.996, P=0.038). Conclusions: For patients with non-metastatic anal squamous cell carcinoma, radical radiotherapy combined with TP chemotherapy regimen can significantly reduce the incidence of radiation intestinal injury as compared to 5-FU regimen. However, due to the short follow-up time, the effect of different chemotherapy regimens on the prognosis is not yet clear.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Anus Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/radiotherapy , Chemoradiotherapy , Cisplatin/therapeutic use , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Retrospective Studies
20.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 740-741, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909588

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Our previous studies demonstrated that various ingredients from the traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, as exemplified by cryptotanshinone and salvi?anolic acid B, exerted striking effects on modulating angiogenesis and vascular permeability, which suggests that they may be effective in treating vascular leak-driven diseases (e.g. tumor, cerebral cavernous malformation and diabetic reti?nopathy). However, the lack of reliable and advanced technologies and models sets up difficult hurdles for better under?standing the role of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis. To this end, this study is to outline numerous cutting-edge platforms that can be utilized for exploring the function of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis in vascular leak-driven diseases. METHODS Two-photon laser scanning fluorescence micros?copy was used to observe the interactions between neutrophils and blood vessels in a real-time manner. Dynamic flow system was employed to mimic the in vivo behaviors of neutrophils. RIP1-Tag5 spontaneous pancreatic cancer model was used to study the function of tumor blood vessels. CCM2ECKO (deletion of CCM2 in endothelial cells) mice were employed to establish the cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) animal model. Micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) was utilized to assess the CCM lesion. Müller cell-knockout mouse model was used to study the progression of dia?betic retinopathy. Vascular permeability in this model was assessed by fluorescein angiography. RESULTS The interac?tions between neutrophils and endothelial cells involve a series of complicated processes, including rolling, adhesion, intraluminal crawling and transmigration, which were all monitored in vivo by two-photon laser scanning fluorescence microscopy in a real-time manner. Dynamic flow system was capable of recapitulating the biological behaviors of neutro?phils in vitro. Tumor vascular function in particular vascular perfusion could be assessed in the RIP1-Tag5 spontaneous pancreatic cancer model. In terms of CCM studies, specific deletion of CCM2 in endothelial cells resulted in the initiation of CCM lesion. The size and number of CCM lesions could be visualized and quantified by micro-CT. Furthermore, the Müller cell-knockout mouse model was able to precisely reflect the clinical symptoms of diabetic retinopathy. Vascular leak could be monitored at different time points using fluorescein angiography. CONCLUSION An array of high technol?ogies and animal models can be used in investigating the occurrence and progression of multiple vascular leak-driven diseases. The pre-clinical and clinical studies of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis provide fundamental support for the application of the above-mentioned platforms, with the purpose of uncovering the scientific basis of TCM for promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis.

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