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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and mechanism of a novel emodin derivative YX-18 on Burkitt lymphoma (BL) cells.@*METHODS@#MTT assay was used to detect the effect of YX-18 on the proliferation of BL cell lines CA46 and Raji. Annexin V-PE/7-AAD double staining assay was used for detecting the effect of YX-18 on the apoptosis of CA46 and Raji cells. PI/RNase staining was used to test the effect of YX-18 on CA46 and Raji cell cycle. JC-1 method was used to measure the changes of mitochondrial membrane potential after YX-18 treatment, and DAPI staining was used to detect the morphology of apoptotic cells. Western blot was used to analyze the distribution changes of NF-κB pathway protein (P65, P-P65, IκB, P-IκB) in the cytoplasm and cell nucleus, and also the expression changes of cyclin-related protein P21, CDK2, P-CDK2, Cycling D1, Cycling E1, and the apoptosis-related protein Caspase-3, Caspase-8, Caspase-9 and the proliferation-related protein C-MYC, BCL-2 by YX-18. Real-time fluorescence-quantitative PCR was used to evaluate the effects of YX-18 on mRNA levels of C-MYC and Ki-67 genes in CA46 and Raji cells, and EBNA-1 and EBER genes of EBV in Raji (EBV@*RESULTS@#Novel Emodin derivative YX-18 could effectively inhibit the proliferation of BL cell lines CA46 and Raji, showing a time-dependent effect (24, 48 and 72 h: r@*CONCLUSION@#The novel emodin derivative YX-18 can significantly inhibit the proliferation of Burkitt lymphoma cells, and induce the cell apoptosis and cycle arrest. The inhibitory effect of YX-18 on the proliferation of Burkitt lymphoma cells may be related with the effect of Caspase apoptosis pathway, the proliferation and apoptosis-related molecules, such as C-MYC and Ki-67, and also to the inhibition of NF-κB pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Burkitt Lymphoma , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Emodin/pharmacology , Humans , NF-kappa B
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880079

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify differentiation related miRNA and evaluate roles of miRNA during ATRA induced myeloid differentiation.@*METHODS@#The small RNA sequencing was used to analyze differential expressed miRNAs in ATRA induced NB4 cells. Then the several up or down-regulated miRNA were selected as the research candidates. SgRNAs targeting the genome of each miRNA were designed and NB4 cells with inducible expression of Cas9 protein were generated. After transduced sgRNA into NB4/Cas9 cells, the mutation level by PCR and surveyor assay were evaluated. The cell differentiation level was investigated by surface CD11b expression via flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#A total of 410 mature miRNAs which expressed in NB4 cells were detected out after treated by ATRA, 74 miRNAs were up-regulated and 55 were down-regulated miRNAs with DNA cleavage generated by CRISPR/Cas9 was assayed directly by PCR or surveyor assay, quantitative PCR showed that the expression of miRNA was downregulated, which evaluated that gene edition successfully inhibitied the expression of mature miRNA. MiR-223 knockout showed the myeloid differentation of NB4 significantly inhibitied, while miRNA-155 knockout showed the myeloid differentation of NB4 cells significantly increased.@*CONCLUSION@#CRISPR/Cas9 is a powerful tool for gene editing and can lead to miRNA knockout. Knockouts of miR-223 and miR-155 have shown a differentiation-related phenotype, and the potential mechanism is the integrative regulation of target genes.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , Cell Differentiation , Gene Editing , MicroRNAs/genetics , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Tretinoin
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement.@*METHODS@#A total of 108 children with B-cell ALL (B-ALL) were diagnosed and systematically treated according to Chinese Children's Leukemia Group (CCLG) -ALL 2008 in our hospital from January 2016 to December 2016. The 108 patients were divided into two groups according to the result of mutiplex polymerase chain reaction: group with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement and group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. The ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement were all treated by CCLG-ALL 2008 high-risk group (HR) regimens, and the ALL children in group without P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement received different intensity chemotherapy according to clinical risk classification.@*RESULTS@#Five (4 male and 1 female) out of 108 patients with B-ALL had P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement. In the 5 B-ALL patients with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement, the median age of the was 4 (2-6) years old and the median WBC count was 26.2 (2.46-525.1)×10@*CONCLUSION@#The early treatment response and prognosis of ALL children with P2RY8-CRLF2 gene rearrangement are worse, and more effective protocol is needed for this subtype patients.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Male , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Prognosis , Receptors, Cytokine/genetics , Receptors, Purinergic P2Y/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880030

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect and safety of Chinese Children's Leukemia Group (CCLG)-ALL 2008 (high risk group) protocol in the treatment with childhood Mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 15 new diagnosed patients with MPAL treated in our hospital from January 2013 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, and received CCLG-ALL 2008 (high risk group) protocol chemotherapy.@*RESULTS@#One patient gave up treatment after diagnosed, and 14 children with MPAL after induction remission chemotherapy, 3 patients gave up, and 5 patients received consolidation chemotherapy, and 6 patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). The complete remission (CR) rate was 85.7% at d33 of induction remission chemotherapy. The serious adverse event and treatment-related mortality (TRM) rate was 71.4% and 14.3%, respectively. The recurrence rate was 21.4% and the median time of relapse was 12(9.7-18.4) months. Except for 4 patients who gave up treatment, the 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rate in the other 11 patients was (54.5±15.0)%. The 5 years EFS of 4 patients who received consolidation chemotherapy was significantly lower than the 6 patients who received allo-HSCT after CR (25.0%±21.7% vs 83.3%±15.2%, P=0.033).@*CONCLUSION@#The CCLG-ALL2008 (for high-risk group) protocol in treatment of children with MPAL can get a high CR rate, but also with a high incidence of SAE. The patients received allo-HSCT after CR may have a good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Phenotype , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775122

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical features of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children with IKAROS family zinc finger 1 (IKZF1) deletion, and to observe the effect of increasing the intensity of chemotherapy on the prognosis of this disease.@*METHODS@#A total of 278 children diagnosed with ALL between December 2015 and February 2018 were systematically treated according to the Chinese Children's Leukemia Group-ALL 2008 protocol (CCLG-ALL 2008). The patients were divided into an IKZF1-deleted group and a control group according to the presence or absence of IKZF1. The IKZF1-deleted group was treated with the regimen for high-risk group (HR) in the CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol, while the control group received different intensities of chemotherapy according to clinical risk classification. The clinical features and event-free survival rate (EFS) were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#A total of 24 (8.6%) cases of 278 children were found to have large deletions of exons of the IKZF1 gene. The IKZF1-deleted group had significantly higher proportions of cases with white blood cell count ≥50×10/L at initial diagnosis, BCR-ABL1 fusion gene positive, minimal residual disease ≥10% on the 15th day of induction remission treatment, minimal residual disease-high risk and clinical risk classification-high risk compared with the control group (P<0.05). The 3-year EFS rate (76%±10%) in the IKZF1-deleted group was lower than that in the control group (84%±4%), but with no significant difference between the two groups (P=0.282). The estimated 3-year EFS rate in the IKZF1-deleted-non-HR group (actually treated with the chemotherapy regimen for HR in the CCLG-ALL 2008 protocol) was 82%±12%, which was lower than that in the control-non-HR group (86%±5%), but there was no significant difference (P=0.436).@*CONCLUSIONS@#ALL children with IKZF1 deletion have worse early treatment response, and increasing the intensity of chemotherapy might improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Gene Deletion , Humans , Ikaros Transcription Factor , Genetics , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prognosis
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1862-1868, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781527

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the effect of serum free light chain (sFLC) on renal function and prognosis in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (MM).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 70 newly diagnosed MM patients who received sFLC examination in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital were retrospectively analyzed from April 2012 to November 2016. Univariate analysis was used to analyze the risk factors that associated with renal impairment (RI) and prognosis. Logistic regression and Kaplan-Meier analyze were used to analyze the roles of sFLC in RI and the prognosis.@*RESULTS@#Out of the 70 patients, 20 patients had RI at the initial diagnosis. Compared to normal renal function group, RI group had lower level of hemoglobin, elevated levels of serum uric acid, corrected calcium, serum creatinine, serum β2 microglobulin, and involved sFLC, higher proportion of patients with ISS stage III, involved sFLC≥500 mg/L, hemodialysis (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that serum uric acid≥430 μmol/L, ISS stage III and a involved sFLC≥500 mg/L were all the independent risk factors for RI in patients with newly diagnosed MM patients (all P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves analysis showed that the involved sFLC was 705.0 mg/L, which was a best cut-off value area under curve (AUC) for prediting RI in patients with MM was 0.727 (P=0.003), sensitivity was 65.0% and specificity was 82.0%). After a median follow-up period of 31 (1-84) months, the median overall survival (OS) of patients with involved sFLC≥500mg/L and involved sFLC<500 mg/L were 52.0 and 27.0 months, respectively, there was no statistically significant difference (P=0.137). There was also no statistically significant difference in median OS between the high sFLC ratio group (κ/λ>32 or <0.03) and the low sFLC ratio group (0.03≤κ/λ≤32) (27 months vs 40 months, P=0.436).@*CONCLUSION@#The involved sFLC in the RI group is significantly higher than that in the normal renal function group in newly diagnosed MM patients. Serum uric acid≥430 μmol/L, ISS stage III and involved sFLC≥500 mg/L are the independent risk factors for RI. Monitoring sFLC in newly diagnosed MM patients is helpful to the prediction of RI, and the involved sFLC level or sFLC ratio may not affect the prognosis of newly diagnosed MM patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin Light Chains , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Uric Acid
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1123-1130, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775754

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of childhood Burkitt Lymphoma/leukemia.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 35 patients with newly-diagnosed childhood Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia from March 2011 to September 2017 in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital were retrospectively analyzed and summarized. Among 35 patients, 5 gave up treatment and one patient died of multiple organ failure before treatment, and 29 patients received CCCG-BNHL-2010 protocol chemotherapy.@*RESULTS@#The 35 cases of BL/L includsd 31 males and 4 females (M∶F=7.75∶1) with the median age of 5(2.0-11) years. Clinically, the common infiltration sites were as follows: abdominal organs (especially ileocecus, 21/35, 60%), bone marrow (21/35, 60%), faciomaxillary (10/35, 28.57%), and central nervous system (8/35, 22.85%). According to St. Jude staging system, 6 patients were grouped into stage Ⅱ, and 8 into stage Ⅲ and 21 into stage Ⅳ, among which the bone marrow blasts of 17 patients were more than 25%. The analysis of therapeutic efficacy and prognosis showed that in median follow up of 23.4 (5.3-86.4) months, 5 patients relapsed (5/29, 17.24%), the median relapsed time was 5.7 (3.9-7.2) months; tow-year overall survival (OS) rate and progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 79.2%±7.6% and 78.3%±7.9%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that the 2-year OS and PFS in patients with LDH>2N, stage Ⅳ (bone marrow infiltration), central nervous system infiltration and no-CR after 2 courses of treatnent all were significantly lower than those in patients with LDH≤2N, stageⅡ-Ⅲ, without central nervous system infiltration as well as CR after 2 course of treatment (P values were 0.015, 0.015, 0.019 and 0.000, respectively). Cox regression analysis showed that no-CR after 2 course was an independent unfavorable prognostic factor (HR 0.34, 95%CI: 0.03-0.407).@*CONCLUSION@#The childhood Buruitts lymphoma/leukemia is more freguently seen in males and school-age children, Advanced stage, bone marrow and contral nervous system infitration are common at the first visit to doctor, moreover the Burkitt's lymphoma/leykemia present repid progression and dangerous feature. The current intensive chemotherapy (high dose of drugs and short course) possess the significant therapeutic efficacy for this disease, but the patients should have very poor prognosis if they can not achieve CR after 2 course of chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Burkitt Lymphoma , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1497-1503, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of baicalin derivative 02-036 on proliferation and apoptosis human Burkitt lymphoma cell line CA46 and its related mechanisms.@*METHODS@#The MTT assay and cell colony formation assay were used to measure the growth inhibition of CA46 cells after 02-036 treatment. The flow cytometry with AnnexinV-FITC/PI double staining was employed to detect the apoptosis induction effect of 02-036 on CA46 cells. Cell cycle distribution of CA46 cells was estimeted by using DNA ploid analysis. Western blot was used to determine the changes of apoptosis-related proteins, including C-MYC, BCL-2, Procaspase-9, Procaspase-3, PARP and Cleaved-PARP.@*RESULTS@#Baicalin derivative 02-036 obviously inhibited the proliferation of CA46 cells, with dose- and time-dependent manner (r=0.963, r=0.992). The averaged IC value of CA46 cells was (6.04±0.11) μmol/L after 48-hour treatment. Low concentration of 02-036 could significantly inhibit the colony formation of CA46 cells. Flow cytometry analysis confirmed that 02-036 could effectively induce CA46 cell apoptosis. The apoptosis rate correlated with drug concentrations (r=0.959). Also, DNA ploid analysis showed that the cell cycle of CA46 was arrested in the S phase. The expression levels of BCL-2, Pro-caspase-9, Pro-caspase-3, PARP and C-MYC proteins decreased with a 02-036-dose dependent manner (r values were -0.990, -0.939, -0.971 and -0.967, respectively). In contrast, the expression level of cleaved-PARP increased with the same manner (r=0.920).@*CONCLUSION@#Baicalin derivative 02-036 can effectively inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of CA46 cells, and its related mechanisms may be correlated with the down-regulation of apoptosis-related molecule expression levels, such as BCL-2, Pro-caspase-9, Pro-caspase-3, PARP and C-MYC.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Burkitt Lymphoma , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Flavonoids , Humans
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771880

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features and to explore the therapeutic efficacy and prognostic factors of children with anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 18 children with ALCL admitted in Department of Pediatric Hematology, Union Hospital of Fujian Medical University from April 2011 to November 2017 was collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The male to female ratio was 2∶1, the median age of onset was 6 (0.9-11.3) years old, and the B symptom was positive in 13 cases. The most common initial symptom was lymphadenopathy (in 17 cases). All patients were manifested with multiple organ involvements. 4 cases were classified as clinical stage Ⅱ, 11 cases as stage Ⅲ, and 3 cases as stage Ⅳ. Laboratory tests revealed 9 cases with leukocytosis and 8 cases with CRP>20 mg/L. The pathological results showed all ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma with Ki-67 rate between 40%-90%. The median follow-up time was 41 months. 2 patients died before treatment, 1 patient was lost to follow-up. 15 patients accepted chemotherapy protocol of CCCG-BNHL-2011. 2 patients relapsed early, the 3 year event-free survival rate was (76.7±10.2)%. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed leukocytosis, increased CRP level, bone involvement and clinical stage were factors affecting prognosis.@*CONCLUSION@#ALCL is a relatively rare subtype of childhood non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with high invasiveness. Leukocytosis, increased CRP level, bone involvement and clinical stage are poor factors affecting the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Infant , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic , Male , Prognosis
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1008-1012, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771847

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of nucleophosmin (NPM) in the proliferation of chronic myeloid leukemia cells (K562 cells) and its mechanism by RNAi technology.@*METHODS@#shRNA was used to inhibit the expression of NPM. The expression of NPM gene was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The effect of inhibiting NPM gene on cell proliferation was detected by MTS assay. Change of cell cycle was detected by flow cytometry. Western blot was used to detect the expression of cell cycle-related proteins.@*RESULTS@#The shRNA lentiviral vector targeting at NPM gene was successfully constructed and used to transfect the K562 cells. The results showed that compared with the control groups, suppression of NPM gene expression in K562 cells could inhibit the cell proliferation and decrease the cell colony formation. Moreover, interference of NPM gene could prolong G/G phase and arrest cell cycle, which may be related to the down-regulation of NPM gene expression and activation of p21 protein expression, thereby inhibited the formation of CDK2/ Cyclin E complex.@*CONCLUSION@#Down-regulation of NPM gene expression in K562 cells can induce cell cycle arrest and inhibit cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Nuclear Proteins
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1064-1070, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771838

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct a K562 and adriamycin-resistant K562 (KAR) cell line with stably down-regulation of NCL (nucleolin) expression, and to investigate the effect of NCL down-regulation on the drug resistance in K562 and KAR cells.@*METHODS@#K562 and KAR cells were infected with lentivirus, and stably transfected cell clones were obtained by puromycin screening. The cell proliferation was detected by MTS assay, the cell apoptosis was detected by flow cytometry, and the expression level of drug resistance related genes was detected by real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#The K562 and KAR cells with stable down-regulation of NCL were successfully constructed. Compared with the control group, the proliferation of K562 and KAR cells with down-regulating NCL expression decreased significantly (P <0.05), the apoptosis of cells increased significantly (P <0.05), and cell resistance to adriamycin was down-regulated.@*CONCLUSION@#Inhibition of NCL expression may increase the sensitivity of cells to adriamycin, which may be related with the promotion of apoptosis of K562 and KAR cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Doxorubicin , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Phosphoproteins , RNA-Binding Proteins
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1407-1413, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689922

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen the most strong emodin derivative inhibiting the proliferation of multiple myeloma(MM) cells and to explore the inhibitory and inducing effects of emodin derivatives on proliferation and apoptosis of MM cell lines RPMI 8226 and U266.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixteen emodin derivatives were designed and synthesized by using emodin as mother substance, then from which the emodin derivative E11 was screened for experiments. The MTT method and cell colony formation assay were used to observe the effect of E11 on proliferation of RPMI 8226 and U266, the fluorescent microscopy with DAFI staining was used to observed the morphological changes of MM cells treated with emodin dervative 11, the DNA fragmentation detection was used to detect the inducing apoptosis effect of E11 on RPMI 8226 and U266 cells treated with E11.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The MTT assay showed that after the RPMI 8226 cells were treated with 16 kinds of emodin derivatives for 48 hours, the 50% inhibition concentration(IC) of 14 emodin dervatives was between 0.83-34.68 µmol/L, except E10 and E15 because their IC could not be calculated. The IC of E11 for RPMI 8226 and U266 cells were 0.831±0.0453 µmol/L and 1.039±0.093 µmol/L, respectively. Cell colony formation assay showed that E11 could inhibit RPMI8226 and U266 cells' colony formation in dose-.and time- dependent manner (r=0.72). Cell apoptosis was observed in RPMI8226 and U266 cells by DAPI staining , and also by the detection of DNA fragmentation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In the synthesis of 16 kinds of emodin derivatives, the inhibitory effect of E11 on prolife-ration of RPMI8226 cell was the strongest. E11 can remarkably inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis of RPMI8226 and U266 cells.</p>

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271937

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the biological characteristics and therapeutic efficacyt of acute erythroleukemia (AEL,AML-M6).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Blood cell count, liver function, lactate dehydrogenase level, coagulation, morphology, immunology, cell genetics and molecular biology were retrospectively analyzed in 103 cases of acute erythroleukemia patients admitted in our department from May 2016 to June 2009. The therapeutic efficacy was observed by means of remission rate, relapse rate, relapse-free survival and overall survival.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The medians of white blood cells, granulocyte, hemoglobin and platelet were 3.04×10/L, 0.67×10/L, 66 g/L, and 45×10/L,respectively. Nucleated red blood cells were found in the peripheral blood smears from 71.1% of AEL patients. None of the patients showed abnormal coagulation function. Flow cytometry analysis indicated that CD13 (93.5%),CD117(89.1%), HLA-DR(87.0%), and CD34 (80.0%) were highly expressed in AEL, and lymphoid antigens of CD4 (42.9%) and CD7(28.9%) were expressed in partial patients. Karyotype analysis in 82 patients showed 52.4% (43/82) normal karyotype, 41.5% (34/82) abnormal karyotype, and 6.1% (5/82) failed tests. In the 34 cases with abnormal karyotype, there were 14(41.2%) cases with simple chromosomal abnomality and 20(58.8%) cases with complex karyotype. The positive rate of fusion gene accounted for 16.7% in 60 patients, and the gene mutations accounted for 77.8% in 27 patients. Among 103 cases of AEL, 81 cases were treated with chemotherapy, but 66 cases can be used for therapeutic analysis, as a results the total complete remission rate derived from 2 courses of treatment was 45.5% (30/66). The relapse rate was 36.7% (11/30), and the median relapse time was 15.5 months (6.2-50 months). The median survival time of 66 patients for therapeutic analysis was 29 months. The median survival time of CR patients was very significantly longer than that of the non-CR patients(P=0.001). The 5 year survival rate of CR patients was 65%, the median time of relapse-free survival (RFS) was 46.2 months and 3-years RFS was 58%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>AEL is characterized by the highly expressed CD34 antigen, and complex karyotype. Although AEL has lower CR rate and poor prognosis, CR patients can achieve long-term survival and have good quality of life.</p>

14.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1764-1770, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332614

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical features, treatment and prognosis of patients with NK/T cell lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome(NK/T-LAHPS).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Retrospective analysis was used to explore the clinical data of 6 children with NK/T-LAHPS who were admitted in Department of Pediatric Hematology of Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from July 2012 to June 2016. The 6 patients included 4 boys and 2 girls, with a median age of 4 years(range 1.75 to 11). In 4 patients the hemophagocytic syndrome(HPS) occurred as the main primary manifestations of underlying lymphoma, in the other 2 patients HPS occurred during lymphoma progression. The clinical manifestations included persistent fever(6/6), hepatomegaly(6/6), splenomegaly(6/6) and pancytopenia(6/6). Laboratory data indicated that the level of ferritin(2179-15000 ng/ml) , LDH(608-3899 IU/L) and EBV-DNA(>10copies/ml ) was elevated obviously. The other common clinical features of NK/T-LAHPS were hypoproteinemia(6/6), hepatic dysfunction(5/6), hypofibrinogenimia(5/6), hypertriglyceridemia(3) and hemophagocytosis in bone marrow(5/6).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After being treated according to the HLH-2004 protocol combined with supported therapy for 1 or 2 weeks, all the patients achieved a clinical response, and the laboratory indicators of HPS were improved. The combined chemotherapy of SMILE was given to 4 patients timely, among them 2 patients achieved complete remission(CR) and long term survival, 1 patient achieved partial remission(PR) and died of relapse after drug withdrawal and 1 patient died of aggravated lymphoma. The other 2 patients did not receive chemotherapy in time, HPS relapsed quickly, because of the progression of lymphoma, and all died of severe hepatic dysfunction and coagulopathy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The NK/T-LAHPS is an invariably fatal disease with poor prognosis, and typically occurrs at the advanced stage or the terminal phase of the disease. HLH-2004- based protocol in combination with comprehensive therapy is hopeful for the patients with NK/T-LAHPS, which may delay the disease progression and provide opportunities for the treatment of primary disease. Once the laboratory indicators of HPS are improved, it is important to treat lymphoma timely with the combined chemotherapy of SMILE, which is significant for improving the prognosis.</p>

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360074

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore an efficient way to knockout microRNA genes in hemapoietic cell lines with a very low transfection efficiency, so as to facilitate the study of microRNA function in hematopoietic malignancies.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>TALE-nucleases was utilized to knockout the microRNA-21 gene in human diffuse large B-cell lymphoma cells (OCI-Ly3). The OCI-Ly3 single cell clones without expression of miR-21 were established through eGFP(+) enrichment, PCR screening, and microRNA quantification. Finally, the miR-21 changes of mutant clones were identified by sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Four miR-21-knockouted OCI-Ly3 single-cell-derived clones were established after 2 round transfection and screening. The miR-21 knockout efficiency was around 10/10(6) original cells. Sequencing the mutant clones indicated that miR-21 expression could be drastically reduced by simply altering sequences immediately adjacent to the microRNA duplex.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This strategy may be applied to knockout any microRNA of interest even in hemapoietic cell lines with very low transfection efficiency.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Knockout Techniques , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Genetics , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Transfection
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272515

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of a novel emodin derivative E19 on proliferation inhibition and apoptosis induction of human chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) cell line K562 and imatinib-resistant CML cell line (K562/G01), and to clarify the involved mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MTT and colony formation test were used to detect the cell proliferation. Apoptotic induction effects were examined by DAPI staining method and DNA ladder assay. Western blot was performed to detect the changes of P210(Bcr-Abl) protein.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The emodin derivative E19 could efficiently inhibit proliferation and induce apoptosis in K562 and K562/G01 cells. IC50 of K562 cells and IC50 of K562/G01 cells were (1.20 ± 0.19) µmol/L and (1.22 ± 0.16) µmol/L, respectively. DNA fragmentation in K562 cells and K562/G01 cells confirmed that the E19 induced apoptosis in dose-dependent manner. Western blot showed that emodin derivative inhibited phosphorylation of P210 protein in K562 cells and K562/G01 cells and down-regulated the expression level of P210 in dose- and time-dependent manners.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The emodin derivative E19 can efficiently inhibit growth and induce apoptosis of K562 cells and K562/G01 cells, while the inhibition of phosphorylation of P210 protein and down-regulation of P210 protein expression may be involved in these processes.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Emodin , Pharmacology , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Metabolism , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Pharmacology , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Pathology , Phosphorylation
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272514

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of a new emodin derivative E11 on proliferation and apoptosis of T lymphocytic leukemia cell line Molt-4 and its possible mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MTT method was used to plot cell growth curve. Colony culture assay was performed for studying the effect of emodin derivative E11 on colony-formation of Molt-4. The fluorescent microscopy with DAPI staining was used to examine the cell morphological changes after E11 treatment. DNA fragmentation method was used to detect the inducing effect of emodin derivative E11 on cell apoptosis. Western blot was used to determine the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins including procaspase-9, procaspase-3, PARP and PI3K/AKT, MAPK signalling pathway.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Emodin derivative E11 could strongly inhibit the growth of Molt-4 with the IC50 in 48 h at 1.381 ± 0.1552 µmol/L in dose-dependent manner. 0.1 µmol/L of E11 could inhibit cell colony formation. The typrical apopototic morphologic changes of Molt cells treated with E11 could be observed under fluorescence microscope with DAPI staining. DNA apoptotic ladder could be observed by DNA fragmentation.The expressions of procaspase -9, procaspase-3, PARP, p-MAPK, p-AKT, mTOR, p-mTOR, p-P70 and p-4BEP1 were down-regulated, while expressions of MAPK, AKT, 4EBP1 and P70 were not changed remarkably after Molt-4 were treated with E11 for 48 h.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>E11 can remarkably inhibit the proliferation and induce the apoptosis of Molt-4 cells. The mechanism of apoptosis of Molt-4 cells may be related with the suppression of PI3K/AKT and MAPK signalling pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Caspase 9 , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Down-Regulation , Emodin , Pharmacology , Humans , Leukemia, T-Cell , Pathology , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Metabolism , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases , Metabolism
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1556-1559, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272562

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the apoptosis-inducing effects of emodin on multidrug resistant leukemia cell line K562/Adr, and to explore the role of Akt-Caspase 3 signal pathway in apoptosis of K562/Adr cells treated with emodin.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>K562/Adr cells were exposed to emodin of different doses. The ability of emodin to induce apoptosis of K562/Adr cells was detected by Annexin V/PI double labeled flow cytometry and DNA ploidy analysis, the expressions of procaspase-3, PARP, Akt, p-Akt protein were determined by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Apoptosis in K562/Adr cells could be induced by emodin in a dose dependent manner, Western blot results showed that emodin down-regulated the expression levels of procaspase-3, Akt, p-Akt, PARA 116 KD in treated K562/Adr cells, up-regulated expressions leves of PARP 85 KD in a time-dependent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The Akt-Caspase 3 signal pathway may be involved in these processes.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Down-Regulation , Emodin , Humans , K562 Cells , Signal Transduction
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1012-1015, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302357

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the inhibitory effect of pumpkin protein (cucurmosin, CUS) on proliferation of RPMI8226 myeloma cells in vitro and its mechanism. Western blot was used to detect the expression level of Notch-1, Jagged-2, P-Akt and NF-KB in the myeloma cells treated by different concentrations of CUS. The results demonstrated that CUS could down-regulate the protein expression levels of Notch1, Jagged-2, P-Akt and NF-KB in the myeloma cells and with time-and concentration-dependent way, at the same time CUS could also decrease the expressions of BCL-2 and P-Akt. It is concluded that CUS can obviously inhibit the RPMI8226 cell proliferation in vitro, down-regulate the expression levels of Notch signal and its down-stream target genes. Therefore, Notch signaling pathway can be used as a new treatment target for multiple myeloma, and CUS may be become a potential new drug for regulating Notch signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , Metabolism , Jagged-2 Protein , Membrane Proteins , Metabolism , Multiple Myeloma , Metabolism , NF-kappa B , Metabolism , Plant Proteins , Pharmacology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Receptor, Notch1 , Metabolism , Receptors, Notch , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1535-1539, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340463

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to observe the effects of emodin on apoptosis and cell cycle related genes in human myeloid leukemia cell line U937 cells. U937 cells were exposed to 60 µmol/L emodin for 24, 48, 72 h. The expressions of C-MYC, h-TERT, PIM-2, Survivin, wild type P53, P21, TGF β-1 and MCL-1 genes before and after treatment with emodin were determined and quantitated by using reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The results showed that the expressions of C-MYC, h-TERT, PIM-2, Survivin in treated U937 cells decreased, but the expressions of WTp53, P21 and TGFβ1 increased, while the expression of MCL-1 gene had no obvious change. It is concluded that multiple pathways may be involved in the processes of emodin-induced U937 cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Emodin , Pharmacology , Genes, myc , Humans , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , U937 Cells
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