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1.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 815-820, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy between closed reduction combined with semi-circular external fixator and minimally invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) in the treatment of middle anddistal tibia fractures.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of sixty patients with middle and distal tibia fractures admitted between January 2019 and November 2022, were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were categorized into external fixation group (n=30) and internal fixation group (n=30). There were 18 males and 12 females in the external fixation group, with an average age of (49.29±2.35) years old. Among them, 14 patients presented with fractures on the left side, and 16 patients presented with fractures on the right side. Closed reduction, arched wire, and semi-circular external fixator were used for treatment. There were 20 males and 10 females in the internal fixation group, with an average age of (48.96±1.87) years old. Among them, 15 patients presented with fractures on the left side, and 15 patients presented with fractures on the right side. MIPPO technique was used for the treatment. Perioperative parameters, including time injury to surgery, surgical duration, incision length, intraoperative bleeding, time to active activity, and incision healing level, were compared between the two groups. Clinical outcomes were also assessed, including Johner-Wruhs scores, time to minimum pain-adapted full weight-bearing, visual analog scale (VAS), SF-36 scale, and complications.@*RESULTS@#The external fixation group exhibited a significantly shorter incision length (1.36±0.86) cm and lower intraoperative bleeding (10.83±5.73) ml compared to the internal fixation group (12.74±3.12) cm and (86.47±8.90) ml, respectively(P<0.05). The postoperative active activity time (1.50±0.54) days and minimum pain-adapted full weight-bearing activity time(108.87±3.43) days in the external fixation group were slightly delayed than the internal fixation group(1.15±0.98) days and (105.27±3.68) days, respectively(P<0.05). Over a mean postoperative follow-up duration of (6.23±1.89) months, both groups showed improved VAS and SF-36 scale scores. There were no statistically significant differences in VAS and SF-36 scale scores 1, 3, 6 months post-operatively between the two groups(P>0.05). The intraoperative surgical time in the external fixation group (35.42±9.31) minutes was shorter than that in the internal fixation group(74.22±7.81) minutes (P<0.05). There was no intraoperative vascular or nerve injury, nor postoperative skin necrosis in the external fixation group. However, skin necrosis was observed in 6 patientsin the internal fixation group, representing a statistically significant difference (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Both external fixation and plate internal fixation are effective methods for the treatment of middle and distal tibia fractures. External fixation exhibits the advantage of less surgical trauma and a lower incidence of complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Tibia , Treatment Outcome , Ankle Fractures , Tibial Fractures/surgery , External Fixators , Pain , Necrosis
2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 767-772, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009132

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To conduct a preliminary study on joint injuries of anterior and calcaneal fibular ligaments of the lateral ankle joint, and to analyze mechanism of action of shaking and poking in treating ankle joint and biomechanical properties of ankle during the recovery of joint injuries.@*METHODS@#CT scan was performed on a male volunteer with right ankle sprain. Mimics 10.0, Solidworks 2016, Hypermesh 12.0 and Abaqus 6.13 software were used to establish 3D nonlinear finite element analysis model of foot and ankle, and the validity of model was verified. Combined with clinical study, the finite element simulation analysis was carried out on the toe flexion, dorsiflexion, varus and valgus of ankle joint under different treatment periods by adjusting elastic modulus of ligament to simulate ligament injury.@*RESULTS@#With the treatment of shake and prick and recovery of ligament injury, the maximum stress and area with large stress on tibial pitch and fibular joint surface gradually increased under the four working conditions, and the stress value of the maximum stress ligament gradually increased, and the stress of the anterior and calcaneal fibular ligament dispersed and transferred, and the axial force gradually decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#The finite element method was used to simulate the mechanical condition of the shaking and stamping technique, and the changes of the forces of the ligament and articular surface before and after treatment of anterior and calcaneal ligament combined injury of ankle talus were intuitively observed. The treatment effect was quantified, and could provid objective and scientific basis for clinical promotion and application of this technique.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Ankle Joint , Finite Element Analysis , Ligaments, Articular , Sprains and Strains/therapy , Ankle Injuries/therapy
3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 880-887, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014086

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of NBED on the decorporation of uranium and the protective effect on HK-2 cellular damage.Methods ICR mice were divided into control group, uranium exposure group(0.03 mg), DTPA-CaNa3(300 mg·kg-1)and NBED(300, 150, 75 mg·kg-1)treatment groups.After injection of uranyl acetate, mice were given different doses of decorporation agents immediately.After 24 h the content of uranium in kidney, bone, liver, spleen and muscle was determined by ICP-MS.HK-2 cells were divided into control group, uranium model group(80 μmol·L-1), DTPA-CaNa3(80 μmol·L-1)and NBED(80, 40, 20 μmol·L-1)treatment group interacted with uranium for 48h.CCK-8 method was used to detect the cell survival rate; light microscope was used to observe the cell morphology; ICP-MS method was used to detect the ratio of uranium endocytosis and uranium efflux; biochemical method was employed to determine SOD, GSH and LDH levels; flow cytometry was applied to determine ROS, apoptosis and cell cycle.Results 300 mg·kg-1 NBED reduced the content of uranium in kidney and bone by 44.3% and 18.8% respectively.Compared with model group, NBED reduced uranium entry into cells by 11%42%, increased uranium emission by 18%48%, increased the survival rate of HK-2 cells, thelevels of SOD and GSH, decreased the expression levels of ROS and LDH, and decreased the apoptotic rate and S phase arrest.DTPA-CaNa3 could significantly reduce the content of uranium and the amount of uranium endocytosis in kidney of mice, but the effect of promoting excretion was significantly lower than that of NBED, and it had no protective effect on the acute injury of HK-2 cells caused by uranium.Conclusions NBED is an effective uranium decorporation agent, which is superior to DTPA-CaNa3 approved by FDA.It could reduce the production of ROS and LDH, increase the content of SOD and GSH, and reduce the arrest and apoptosis of S phase, thus protecting HK-2 cells from uranium induced damage.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 268-275, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940444

ABSTRACT

Intestinal flora is the largest microbial community in human body, which consists of more than 1 000 species. Its structure and metabolites change dynamically with the age, diet and intestinal environment of the host. Study shows that the intestinal microbes play a pivotal role in regulating human physiological and pathological processes, and intestinal flora imbalance may be the key factors affecting the occurrence and development of bone and joint diseases, including osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gouty arthritis. At present, calcitonin, estrogen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, immunosuppressants, xanthine oxidase inhibitors and other western drugs are mostly used to treat the above diseases. However, long-term use of western drugs leads to poor compliance and obvious gastrointestinal adverse reactions among patients. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) predominates in the treatment of bone and joint diseases due to its low price, high efficacy and slight side effects, with the advantages of multi-targets, multi-mechanism and multi-levels. In recent years, many scholars have carried out experiments and clinical studies on the treatment of bone and joint diseases by TCMs on the basis of the liver and kidney theory such as "tonifying liver and kidney and strengthening muscles and bones". Gratifying results have been achieved. However, the mechanism of action has not been fully clarified. Intestinal flora becomes a hot spot in medical research, and a close relationship between intestinal flora and bone and joint diseases has been unveiled. Relevant literature in China and abroad showed that TCM has a significant effect on the treatment of bone and joint diseases by regulating intestinal flora. In this paper, the relationship between intestinal flora and bone and joint diseases was summarized and the intervention of TCM active ingredients and compounds on intestinal flora was reviewed to facilitate the prevention and treatment of bone and joint diseases by TCM.

5.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 127-131, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935759

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the mediating effect of job burnout of nursing staff in clinical departments on occupational stress and anxiety, and to provide scientific basis for the formulation of intervention measures to relieve anxiety. Methods: From November 2020 to January 2021, a cross-sectional survey was conducted to investigate the basic situation, occupational stress, job burnout and anxiety of 653 nursing staff in a third class A general hospital in Hebei Province. Spearman rank correlation was used to analyze the relationship between occupational stress, job burnout and anxiety, stepwise regression and mediating effect model were used to verify the mediating effect of job burnout on the relationship between occupational stress and anxiety. Results: 551 valid questionnaires were collected with effective recovery of 84.38%. The incidence of high occupational stress was 68.06% (375/551) , the incidence of job burnout was 63.70% (351/551) [high, moderate and moderate were 11.07% (61/551) and 52.63% (290/551) respectively], and the incidence of anxiety was 55.72% (307/551) [mild, moderate and severe were 38.11% (210/551) , 8.53% (47/551) and 9.08% (50/551) respectively]. Occupational stress was positively correlated with job burnout and anxiety (r=0.545, 0.479) , and job burnout was positively correlated with anxiety (r=0.542, P<0.05) . The mediating effect analysis showed that occupational stress had a statistically significant effect on anxiety (c=0.509, P<0.001) , and the mediating effect of job burnout on the relationship between occupational stress and anxiety accounted for 44.99% of the total effect. Conclusion: The anxiety level of the nursing staff in this third-class A general hospital was relatively high. Job burnout has a mediating effect between occupational stress and anxiety, and anxiety of nursing staff can be alleviated by reducing occupational stress or job burnout.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/epidemiology , Burnout, Professional/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals, General , Job Satisfaction , Nursing Staff , Occupational Stress/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
6.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 442-447, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928338

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe clinical efficacy of chiropractic manipulation in the treatment of degenerative scoliosis (DS).@*METHODS@#From June 2017 to September 2019, 120 patients with degenerative scoliosis were randomly divided into treatment group (60 cases) and control group(60 cases). The patients in treatment group were treated with chiropractic manipulation once every other day for 4 weeks. The patients in control group were treated with eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with thoracolumbar orthopedic(TSLO)brace, oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets 50 mg three times a day, wearing TSLO brace for not less than 8 hours a day. The course of treatment was 4 weeks. After the patients were selected into the group, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) were recorded before treatment, 1, 2, 3, 4 weeks after treatment and 1 month after treatment. The full length X-ray of the spine was taken before and 4 weeks after treatment, and the scoliosis Cobb angle, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) and lumbar lordosis (LL) were measured and compared. The adverse reactions during the treatment were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There were significant differences in VAS and ODI between two groups at each time point after treatment (P<0.001), VAS and ODI at 2 weeks after treatment (PVAS=0.025, PODI=0.032) and 3 weeks after treatment(PVAS=0.040, PODI=0.044) in treatment group were significantly different from those in control group, but there was no significant difference in VAS and ODI at other time points between treatment group and control group (P>0.05). There was significant difference in Cobb angle between treatment group(P=0.010) and control group(P=0.017) after treatment, but there was no significant difference in LL and SVA between treatment group and control group. There was no significant difference in Cobb angle, LL and SVA between two groups before and after treatment. During the treatment, there were 4 mild adverse reactions in the control group and no adverse reactions in the treatment group.@*CONCLUSION@#Chiropractic manipulation can effectively relieve pain and improve lumbar function in patients with degenerative scoliosis. The onset of action is faster than that oral eperisone hydrochloride tablets combined with TSLO brace, and it has better safety and can improve Cobb angle of patients with degenerative scoliosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lordosis , Lumbar Vertebrae , Manipulation, Chiropractic , Retrospective Studies , Scoliosis/therapy , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 227-233, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906041

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis (OP) is one of the most common diseases in the aged population worldwide. Due to the rapid change in world population structure, the effective prevention and treatment of OP is increasingly becoming the health problem of global concern and also the hot spot of clinical research. OP can be affected by many factors such as heredity, endocrine dyscrasia, nutritional deficiency, and bad living habits. The breakdown of coupling of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption to osteoblast-mediated bone formation leads to stronger bone resorption than bone formation, which is currently recognized as the main pathogenesis of OP. The exploration of OP in modern medicine based on molecular immunology has revealed that related cytokines play an important role in the pathogenesis of OP,and regulating the osteoclast-mediated bone resorption and osteoblast-mediated bone formation is essential for controlling the occurrence and development of OP. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) are able to stimulate bone formation and inhibit osteoblast function, thus playing a key role in bone destruction. By contrast, such cytokines as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), and osteoprotegerin (OPG) strengthen osteoblast differentiation and promote bone formation. At present, western medicine like calcitonin, estrogen, and bisphosphonate are mostly used for clinical treatment of OP, but a long-term use of these drugs will result in poor compliance and obvious gastrointestinal adverse reactions. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) occupies an important position in the treatment of OP due to its advantages of overall regulation, low price, and few side effects. In addition, with the deepening of research on network pharmacology and molecular biology, it has been found that TCM exerts the therapeutic effect against OP by interfering with the expression of various cytokines and adjusting bone homeostasis. This paper has elaborated the role of related cytokines in the pathogenesis of OP and reviewed the research results concerning the regulation of related cytokines by TCM, in order to provide reference for the prevention and treatment of OP with TCM.

8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 211-214, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985210

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the DNA methylation of nucleated cells in peripheral blood of patients died from anaphylactic shock caused by cephalosporin drugs and to provide a new research direction and basis for the forensic diagnosis of shock caused by drug hypersensitiveness. Methods Methylation microarray was used to detect DNA methylation of nucleated cells in peripheral blood of patients died from anaphylactic shock caused by cephalosporin drugs and normal subjects. Sequencing data and chip data were analyzed for differences in DNA methylation using R language methylkit, ChAMP package. Random forest algorithm was used to evaluate the importance of the DNA methylation differential sites. Results Differential sites of DNA methylation highly associated with anaphylaxis caused by cephalosporin drugs were obtained at loci such as ETS1, PRR23B and GNAS. Conclusion Cephalosporin allergy is associated with DNA methylation, and DNA methylation may be a new strategy for forensic identification of anaphylactic shock and death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anaphylaxis/genetics , DNA Methylation , Forensic Medicine
9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 120-124, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802040

ABSTRACT

Objective:In the study of urine metabolomics of rats,necessary antiseptic measures should be taken for collection of urine samples,the effect of several antiseptic measures on the endogenous metabolites in urine was studied. Method:The urine samples of rats were collected on ice,sodium azide was added,and both of them were used together to prevent corrosion.Differences of antiseptic measures were analyzed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) metabolomics. Result:The results of NMR metabolomics showed that sodium azide+ice group and ice group had many overlaps,but they clearly separated with the control group and sodium azide group;sodium azide group and the control group had a small part overlap,but there was a tendency of separation.The antiseptic effect of sodium azide+ice group and ice group was similar;compared with control group,valine,betaine and hippuricacid in these two groups increased,but the alanine and 2-ketoglutaric acid decreased. Conclusion:In the study of rat urine metabolomics,low temperature antiseptic measures must be taken when urine samples are collected,and the addition of sodium azide can improve the antiseptic effect slightly under protective conditions.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 14-17, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818111

ABSTRACT

Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) published a POSITION STATEMENT to declare not endorse the Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines (2016) which is issused shortly after. The article summarizes some of IDSA's specific concerns about distinguishing sepsis from non-infectious syndromes, time to initiation of empiric antibiotic therapy, blood cultures and iv access catheters, combination and multidrug therapy, procalcitonin, pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics, prolonged prophylaxis, and duration of therapy. IDSA pays more attention to reduce the unnecessary overexposure of antibiotics and its perspectives are valuable to optimize antibiotic therapy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 2637-2643, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698752

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Imbalance of Th1/Th2 immune response is an crucial pathophysiological manifestation of asthma, but recent studies have proved that asthma also has a close correlation with the imbalance of Foxp3+Treg/Th17. Accumulating evidence indicate that the immunoregulatory capacity of mesenchymal stem cells are mainly related to exosomes secreted by the cells. OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell exosomes on Foxp3+Treg cells, Th17 T cells and airway inflammation of asthmatic mice as well as cytokines in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. METHODS: Twenty-seven BALB/c mice of SPF grade were randomly divided into three groups: normal control group, asthmatic model group, and exosomes group. Except the normal control group, each mouse in the other groups was sensitized by ovalbumin to establish asthma models. In the exosomes group, each mouse was intravenously administrated with exosomes at 21 days of sensitization. At 24 hours after the final administration of ovalbumin, the proportion of Foxp3+Treg and Th17 in the sleep of asthmatic mice as well as the expression of CTLA-4 and PD-1 in Foxp3+Treg cells were detected by flow cytometry. The total number of inflammatory cells, and the number of eosinophils, lymphocytes, monocytes and neutrophils in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were counted to analyze the degree of airway inflammation in the combination with pathological observation. We also detected the expression of interleukin-4,5,13,10,17 and interferon-γ in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid as well as p27kip1in CD4+T cells. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: (1) The proportion of Foxp3+Treg in splenic lymphocytes and the CTLA-4 and PD-1 expression in Foxp3+Treg were significantly higher in the exosomes group than the asthmatic model group (P < 0.01). (2) The proportion of Th17 in splenic lymphocytes was ranked as follows: asthmatic model group > exosomes group > normal control group (P < 0.01). (3) The total number of inflammatory cells and the number of eosinophils, lymphocytes, neutrophils and monocytes in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid were ranked as follows: asthmatic model group > exosomes group > normal control group (P < 0.01). (4) Pathological observation of the lung showed that the asthmatic mice appeared to have severest airway inflammation. However, mesenchymal stem cell exosomes could significantly alleviate the airway inflammation. (5) The detection of cytokines in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid showed that levels of interleukin 13 and interleukin 17 were significantly reduced (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), while the level of interleukin 10 increased (P < 0.01). (6) The p27kip1expression in the CD4+T cells was obviously higher in the exosomes group than the asthmatic model group. In conclusion, exosomes from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells can reverse the imbalance of Foxp3+Treg/Th17 and significantly inhibit the airway inflammation in asthmatic mice.

12.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 186-188, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710355

ABSTRACT

Objective To identify mutations in keratin genes (KRT1 and KRT10) in a pair of twins with bullous congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma (BCIE),and to explore the relationship between the causative genes and phenotypes.Methods Clinical data were collected from a pair of twins with BCIE and their family members.Peripheral blood samples were obtained from the twins,their old brother and parents,and DNA was extracted from these blood samples.Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)was performed to amplify all the coding exons and their flanking sequences of the KRT1 and KRT10 genes,and 100 unrelated healthy persons served as controls.Results The 11-year-old male proband presented with recurrent blisters,hypertrophy and desquamation all over the body for 11 years.His twin brother had similar skin lesions.Skin examination of the proband showed diffuse erythema covered with thick scaly crusts on the trunk and extremities.Blisters,bullae and erosions due to ruptured blisters were observed locally with tenderness on palpation.There were obvious hyperkeratotic and hard lesions on the big joints of the extremities.Diffuse hyperkeratosis could be seen on the palms and soles.A mutation c.591 + 1G > A was identified at position 1 in intron 1 of the KRT1 gene in the twins,but not in the 3 healthy family members or the 100 unrelated healthy controls.Conclusion The mutation c.591 + 1G > A at position 1 in intron 1 of the KRT1 gene may contribute to the clinical phenotype of the twins with BCIE.

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 1126-1130, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817995

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThe mechanism of paraquat poisoning (PQP) inducing acute lung injury is not clear. Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2 )-antioxidant response element (ARE) is found to be a most important endogenous antioxidant defense pathway. This study aimed to explore the protective effect of 5- amino salicylic acid (5-ASA) against PQP-induced acute lung injury by activating the Nrf2-ARE pathway.MethodsEighty healthy adult male SD rats were randomly divided into four groups: blank control, 5-ASA control, PQP, and 5-ASA treatment. The animals in the PQP and 5-ASA treatment groups were injected with paraquat at 20 mg/kg into the left abdominal cavity for construction of the PQP model and those in the blank and 5-ASA control groups with isotonic saline at 1 mL. At 2 hours after modeling, the rats in the 5-ASA control and 5-ASA treatment groups received gavage of 5-ASA 75 at mg/kg for 3 successive days. At 1 and 3 days after observation, all the rats were sacrificed and the lower lobe of the right lung harvested for HE staining and observation of pathologic changes in the lung tissue. Meanwhile the left lung tissue was collected for determination of the expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins by Western blot.ResultsBehavioral changes were observed in the rats of the PQP and 5-ASA treatment groups, but less obvious in the latter. The alveolar wall capillaries of the rats in the PQP group were expanded and congested significantly, with widened alveolar septa and infiltration of a large number of inflammatory cells at 1 and 3 days, even severer at 3 days. The rats of the 5-ASA treatment group showed obviously reduced edema and the inflammatory cell infiltration at the corresponding time points as compared the PQP group. The lung tissue pathology scores were significantly higher in the 5-ASA treatment and PQP groups than in the blank control at 1 day (0.66±0.10 and 0.61±0.04 vs 0.18±0.05, P<0.05) and at 3 days (0.74±0.08 and 0.49±0.08 vs 0.16±0.02, P<0.05), but markedly lower in the 5-ASA treatment than in the PQP group (P<0.05). Both the expressions of Nrf2 and HO-1 proteins were remarkably higher in the 5-ASA control, PQP and 5-ASA treatment groups than in the blank control at 1 and 3 days (P<0.05), and so were they in the 5-ASA treatment than in the PQP group (P<0.05).Conclusion5-ASA can effectively reduce PQP-induced acute lung injury, which may be related to its up-regulation of the Nrf2 expression.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 980-986, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779960

ABSTRACT

To compare static and dynamic metabolomics data analysis of CUMS (chronic unpredictable mild stress)-induced depression, GC-MS spectrometry was conducted on the plasma metabolome. S-Plot and ANOVA (analysis of variance)-simultaneous component analysis (ASCA) were respectively applied to static and dynamic analysis of metabolomics data. Static metabolomics data analysis revealed three typical plasma metabolites including propionic acid, D-allose, and 9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid, while dynamic me-tabolomics data analysis found seven typical metabolites including propionic acid, D-allose, My-inositol, me-thylamine, etc. The abundances of typical metabolites observed by dynamic metabolomics data analysis were consistent with the variation trends of body weight and sugar water preference rate of CUMS rats. In conclusion, dynamic metabolomics analysis revealed more typical plasma metabolites, which have the potential to explain variations of body weight and behavior parameter of CUMS-induced depression rats. Combination of static and dynamic metabolomics data analysis may provide a strong support to the pathological study of complex diseases.

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 361-368, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687817

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to screen the genes related to the pathogenesis of major depression disorder (MDD) by bioinformatics. Taking GSE98793 chip data from GEO public database of National Biotechnology Information Center (NCBI) website as the research object, 116 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were screened by R language limma package. Among the 116 DEGs, 66 genes were up-regulated and 50 down-regulated. The results of gene functional annotation analysis of Gene Ontology (GO) showed that the DEGs were mainly distributed in mitochondria intima and mitochondria. They were involved in copper ion binding, cysteine-type endopeptidase activity, the cell response of interleukin-1, protein processing and other biological processes. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis results showed that the DEGs were mainly concentrated in oxidative phosphorylation, Parkinson's disease, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's disease etc. The results of protein interaction network analysis showed that there were interactions among proteins encoded by 54 DEGs. Combined with the analysis results of the above methods, 11 key genes were screened out, including UQCRC1, GZMB, NDUFB9, NSF, SLC17A5, CTSH, NDUFB10, UQCR10, ATOX1, CST7 and CTSW, which could be used as candidate genes for the diagnosis and treatment of MDD. Taken together, the key genes were obtained by analyzing the microarray and the DEGs of MDD in the present study, which would provide important clues for revealing the molecular mechanism and clinical targeted therapy of depression.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1182-1188, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330645

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The management of pain, agitation, and delirium (PAD) in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is beneficial for patients and makes it widely applied in clinical practice. Previous studies showed that the clinical practice of PAD in ICU was improving; yet relatively little information is available in China. This study aimed to investigate the practice of PAD in ICUs in China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A multicenter, nationwide survey was conducted using a clinician-directed questionnaire from September 19 to December 18, 2016. The questionnaire focused on the assessment and management of PAD by the clinicians in ICUs. The practice of PAD was compared among the four regions of China (North, Southeast, Northwest, and Southwest). The data were expressed as percentage and frequency. The Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, and line-row Chi-square test were used.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 1011 valid questionnaire forms, the response rate was 80.37%. The clinicians came from 704 hospitals across 158 cities of China. The rate of PAD assessment was 75.77%, 90.21%, and 66.77%, respectively. The rates of PAD scores were 45.8%, 68.94%, and 34.03%, respectively. The visual analog scale, Richmond agitation-sedation scale, and confusion assessment method for the ICU were the first choices of scales for PAD assessment. Fentanyl, midazolam, and dexmedetomidine were the first choices of agents for analgesic, sedation, and delirium treatment. While choosing analgesics and sedatives, the clinicians put the pharmacological characteristics of drugs in the first place (66.07% and 76.36%). Daily interruption for sedation was carried out by 67.26% clinicians. Most of the clinicians (87.24%) used analgesics while using sedatives. Of the 738 (73%) clinicians titrating the sedatives on the basis of the proposed target sedation level, 268 (26.61%) clinicians just depended on their clinical experience. Totally, 519 (51.34%) clinicians never used other nondrug strategies for PAD. The working time of clinicians was an important factor in the management of analgesia and sedation rather than their titles and educational background. The ratios of pain score and sedation score in the Southwest China were the highest and the North China were the lowest. The ratios of delirium assessment and score were the same in the four regions of China. Moreover, the first choices of scales for PAD in the four regions were the same. However, the top three choices of agents in PAD treatment in the four regions were not the same.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The practice of PAD in China follows the international guidelines; however, the pain assessment should be improved. The PAD practice is a little different across the four regions of China; however, the trend is consistent.</p><p><b>TRIAL REGISTRATION</b>The study is registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov (No. ChiCTR-OOC-16009014, www.chictr. org.cn/index.aspx.).</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Delirium , Drug Therapy , Dexmedetomidine , Therapeutic Uses , Fentanyl , Therapeutic Uses , Haloperidol , Therapeutic Uses , Hypnotics and Sedatives , Therapeutic Uses , Intensive Care Units , Midazolam , Therapeutic Uses , Pain , Drug Therapy , Pain Management , Methods , Pain Measurement , Methods , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1196-1201, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330643

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Aerosolized amikacin (AA) is a current option for the management of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB), as it is reported that AA could increase the alveolar level of the drug without increasing systemic toxicity. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of AA as an adjunctive therapy for VAP caused by MDR-GNB.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this single-center, double-blind study conducted in a 36-bed general Intensive Care Unit (ICU) in a tertiary hospital from June 2014 to June 2016, 52 ICU patients with confirmed MDR-GNB VAP were randomized to two groups (AA group, n = 27 and placebo group, n = 25). Amikacin (400 mg, q8h) or saline placebo (4 ml, q8h) was aerosolized for 7 days. The attending physician determined the administration of systemic antibiotics for VAP. Patients were followed up for 28 days. Bacteriological eradication, clinical pulmonary infection score (CPIS), and serum creatinine were assessed on day 7 of therapy. New resistance to amikacin, cure rate of VAP, weaning rate, and mortality were assessed on day 28.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The baseline characteristics of patients in both groups were similar. At the end of the treatment, 13 of the 32 initially detected bacterial isolates were eradicated in AA group, compared to 4 of 28 in placebo group (41% vs. 14%, P= 0.024). As for patients, 11 of 27 patients treated with AA and 4 of 25 patients treated with placebo have eradication (41% vs. 16%, P= 0.049). The adjunction of AA reduced CPIS (4.2 ± 1.6 vs. 5.8 ± 2.1, P= 0.007). New drug resistance to amikacin and the change in serum creatinine were not detected in AA group. No significant differences in the clinical cure rate in survivors (48% vs. 35%, P= 0.444), weaning rate (48% vs. 32%, P= 0.236), and mortality (22% vs. 32%, P= 0.427) were detected between the two groups on day 28.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>As an adjunctive therapy of MDR-GNB VAP, AA successfully eradicated existing MDR organisms without inducing new resistance to amikacin or change in serum creatinine. However, the improvement of mortality was not found.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Administration, Inhalation , Amikacin , Therapeutic Uses , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Colistin , Therapeutic Uses , Double-Blind Method , Drug Resistance, Multiple, Bacterial , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Virulence , Intensive Care Units , Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated , Drug Therapy
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2967-2973, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230846

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Sepsis is the leading cause of death among critically ill patients. Herein, we conducted a national survey to provide data on epidemiology and treatment of sepsis in the clinical practice in China, which has no detailed epidemiological data available on sepsis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This was a prospective cross-sectional survey from December 1, 2015 to January 31, 2016 in all provinces/municipalities of the mainland of China. The primary outcome of this study was the incidence of sepsis, and the secondary outcome was its etiology in China. Patients with sepsis admitted to the Intensive Care Units were included in this study. The demographic, physiological, bacteriological, and therapeutic data of these patients were recorded. The incidence of sepsis was estimated using the data from the sixth census in China, reported by the Chinese National Health and Family Planning Commission and the National Bureau of Statistics as the standard population. The independent risk factors for increased mortality from sepsis were calculated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This study indicated the incidence and outcome of sepsis in China. It also showed the most common etiology of different sites and types of infection, which could guide empiric antibiotic therapy. Moreover, it provided information on the independent risk factors for increased mortality due to sepsis. The findings provide evidence to guide clinical management and may help improve the outcome in septic patients.</p><p><b>TRIAL REGISTRATION</b>ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02448472; https://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT02448472.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China , Epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Epidemiologic Studies , Incidence , Intensive Care Units , Prospective Studies , Sepsis , Epidemiology
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1014-1020, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350359

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Inconsistencies in the use of the vasoactive agent therapy to treat shock are found in previous studies. A descriptive study was proposed to investigate current use of vasoactive agents for patients with shock in Chinese intensive care settings.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A nationwide survey of physicians was conducted from August 17 to December 30, 2012. Physicians were asked to complete a questionnaire which focused on the selection of vasoactive agents, management in the use of vasopressor/inotropic therapy, monitoring protocols when using these agents, and demographic characteristics.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The response rate was 65.1% with physicians returning 586 valid questionnaires. Norepinephrine was the first choice of a vasopressor used to treat septic shock by 70.8% of respondents; 73.4% of respondents favored dopamine for hypovolemic shock; and 68.3% of respondents preferred dopamine for cardiogenic shock. Dobutamine was selected by 84.1%, 64.5%, and 60.6% of respondents for septic, hypovolemic, and cardiogenic shock, respectively. Vasodilator agents were prescribed by physicians in the management of cardiogenic shock (67.1%) rather than for septic (32.3%) and hypovolemic shock (6.5%). A significant number of physicians working in teaching hospitals were using vasoactive agents in an appropriate manner when compared to physicians in nonteaching hospitals.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Vasoactive agent use for treatment of shock is inconsistent according to self-report by Chinese intensive care physicians; however, the variation in use depends upon the form of shock being treated and the type of hospital; thus, corresponding educational programs about vasoactive agent use for shock management should be considered.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Data Collection , Dobutamine , Therapeutic Uses , Dopamine , Therapeutic Uses , Intensive Care Units , Norepinephrine , Therapeutic Uses , Shock , Drug Therapy , Shock, Cardiogenic , Drug Therapy , Shock, Septic , Drug Therapy , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vasoconstrictor Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Vasodilator Agents , Therapeutic Uses
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 313-317, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305302

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of Danshensu on the lipid metabolism of hyperlipidemic rats.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Sixty clean male SD rats were selected. Twelve of them were selected in the basic control group and fed with common foods, and the remaining rats were fed with the high-fat feeds. After the successful modeling, they were randomly divided into the high-fat control group and low dose (10 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)), medium dose (20 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) and high dose (40 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)) Danshensu (dissolved in saline) groups. Both of the two groups were abdominally injected with the same volume of normal saline once a day for consecutively 30 days. The serum TG, TC, HDL-C and liver ACC1, FAS, HMGR, CPT-I mRNA expressions were detected.</p><p><b>RESULT AND CONCLUSION</b>Danshensu could inhibit the LDL-C level, timely clear redundant cholesterol and effectively regulate the lipid metablism of hyperlipidemic rats by reducing the TC content, decrease the fatty acid by reducing the FAS mRNA expression, and reduce the synthesis levels of endogenous cholesterol by inhibit the HMGR mRNA expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Hyperlipidemias , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Lactates , Pharmacology , Lipid Metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
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