Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 43
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887494

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the bidirectional regulation of acupuncture based on a subgroup analysis of multicenter randomized controlled trial of acupuncture with @*METHODS@#A total of 519 patients were included in the analysis, including 137 patients with constipation type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) (92 cases in the acupuncture group and 45 cases in the polyethylene glycol [PEG] group), and 382 patients with diarrhea type irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) (252 cases in the acupuncture group and 130 cases in the pinaverium group). The patients in the acupuncture group were given acupuncture at Baihui (GV 20), Yintang (GV 29), Tianshu (ST 25), Shangjuxu (ST 37), Zusanli (ST 36), Sanyinjiao (SP 6) and Taichong (LR 3) once every other day, 3 times a week. The patients in the PEG group received polyethylene glycol 4000 powder orally, and the pinaverium group received pinaverium bromide tablets orally. All were treated for 6 weeks. The IBS symptom severity score (IBS-SSS) was assessed at baseline, treatment period (2, 4, 6 weeks of treatment) and 12 weeks of follow-up, and the IBS quality of life (IBS-QOL) score was evaluated at the baseline period, 6 weeks of treatment and 12 weeks of follow-up.@*RESULTS@#The total IBS-SSS scores of the two groups of IBS-C patients at 2, 4, 6 weeks of treatment and follow-up of 12 weeks were lower than those in the baseline period (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture with


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877622

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the curative effect on diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D) between acupuncture for regulating @*METHODS@#A total of 231 patients with IBS-D were randomized into an acupuncture group (154 cases) and a western medication group (77 cases) at the ratio of 2 to 1. In the acupuncture group, acupuncture was applied to acupoint regimen for regulating @*RESULTS@#After treatment and in follow-up, the total scores of IBS-SSS in the patients of the two groups were all reduced as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture for regulating


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea/therapy , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome/therapy , Quality of Life , Serotonin Plasma Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Spleen , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905458

ABSTRACT

Limitation of consciousness level in intensive care unit (ICU) patients poses a great challenge to muscle strength assessment. Muscle ultrasound does not require patient cooperation, and can objectively measure significant changes in muscle cross-sectional area, thickness, echo intensity, and pennation angle to identify muscle atrophy early in the ICU. At the same time, muscle ultrasound technology is easy to be grasped by ICU doctors and nurses, and both show great reliability, which has certain significance for identifying patients at high risk of ICU-acquired weakness. In addition, ultrasound quantitative assessment of muscle has great value for predicting patient outcomes. Large-scale studies on the diagnostic value of ultrasound in ICU-acquired weakness are still lacking, and standardized ultrasound assessment scheme requires further discussion.

4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1003-1005, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829063

ABSTRACT

Based on the story of Chinese idiom, (a magical and skilled form of craftsmanship) as the breakthrough point, this paper discusses the both (cook) and the experienced acupuncture practitioner have the same high skills and explores the potential relationship between mind-regulation in treatment with acupuncture and flow theory. It is believed that the skills of ancient acupuncture practitioner in mind-regulation with acupuncture is not only a kind of "Tao" mode, but also a state of "flow". By the discussion on mind-regulation and flow theory, modern people may have more clear recognition on the mind regulation in treatment with acupuncture so as to better determine the therapeutic methods of acupuncture for mind-regulation.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826695

ABSTRACT

The data mining technology was used to explore the acupoint selection rules for reflux esophagitis (RE), so as to provide references of clinical acupuncture for RE. The clinical literature of acupuncture for RE published before June 2019 was searched in Chinese journal full-text database (CNKI), SinoMed, Wanfang and VIP databases. The literature was selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and acupoint prescriptions were extracted. The software of IBM SPSS Statistics 23.0 and Clementine 12.0 were used for descriptive analysis and association analysis. A total of 46 articles were selected and 60 acupoint prescriptions were extracted. The descriptive analysis indicated that the top five acupoints used for RE were Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli (ST 36), Weishu (BL 21), Neiguan (PC 6) and Gongsun (SP 4). The conception vessel, bladder meridian and stomach meridian were the most commonly selected meridians. In terms of specific acupoints, the crossing points, the front- points and five- points were mainly selected, and the acupoints were mainly distributed in limbs and chest-abdomen. The core acupoint combination for RE was "Zhongwan (CV 12) and Zusanli (ST 36)" and the core prescription was "Zhongwan (CV 12), Zusanli (ST 36), Weishu (BL 21) and Neiguan (PC 6)".


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Data Mining , Esophagitis, Peptic , Therapeutics , Humans , Meridians
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826673

ABSTRACT

Enhance recovery after surgery (ERAS) is an emerging discipline aiming to reduce perioperative stress response and postoperative complications and promote better and faster recovery of patients. In this study, the potential value and feasibility of acupuncture in ERAS is discussed from three aspects: acupuncture can reduce the demand of perioperative analgesic drugs, improve the postoperative gastrointestinal function, and prevent and treat postoperative complications. The combination of acupuncture and ERAS can better promote the rehabilitation of patients, complement the advantages of acupuncture and ERAS, and promote the development of acupuncture and ERAS.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Analgesics , Enhanced Recovery After Surgery , Humans , Moxibustion , Postoperative Complications , Surgical Procedures, Operative
7.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1193-1198, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776189

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the correlation between referred pain distribution and acupoint sensitization in patients with intestinal diseases.@*METHODS@#In clinical research, 443 patients from 8 hospitals were recruited, including the outpatients and inpatients of Crohn's disease (=143), ulcerative colitis (=108), chronic appendicitis (=87) and other intestinal diseases (=105). The site with tenderness on the body surface and the morphological changes of local skin were observed and recorded in the patients. Using a sensory tenderness instrument, the pain threshold at the sensitization point was measured in 60 patients with ulcerative colitis. In animal experiment, SD rats were used and divided into a enteritis group (=8), in which the enteritis model were established, and a control group (=3), in which no any intervention was given. After the injection of Evans blue (EB) at caudal vein, the blue exudation points on the body surface were observed and the distribution rule was analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#The referred pain on the body surface in the patients with intestinal diseases was mainly located in the lower abdomen (93.9%, 416/443), the lumbar region (70.9%, 314/443) and the lower legs (33.0%, 146/443). The diameter of tenderness region was 1.5 to 2.5 cm. Compared with the region without sensitization, the pain threshold of the sensitization point in the patients with ulcerative colitis was reduced significantly (<0.001). The referred pain on the body surface in the patients with appendicitis was located in the right lower abdomen (97.7%, 85/87), the waist and back (54.0%, 47/87) and the right lower limbs on the medial side (71.3%, 62/87). The tenderness region was 1 to 2 cm in diameter and was irregular in form. After modeling of enteritis in the rats, the EB exudation points were visible from T to L.@*CONCLUSION@#Intestinal diseases induce referred pain on the body surface where is the same as or adjacent to the location of the spinal segment corresponding to the affected intestinal section. These sensitization regions are related to the locations of acupoints.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Animals , Colitis, Ulcerative , Humans , Intestinal Diseases , Pain Threshold , Pain, Referred , Diagnosis , Therapeutics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sensation
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802434

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a method for determining the content of total polysaccharides in decoction pieces of Polyporus,analyze the content of total polysaccharides in samples with different sources and grades. Method: The relative molecular weight and the polydispersity index of polysaccharides in decoction pieces of Polyporus were measured by a high performance gel chromatography coupled with a multi-angle laser light scattering and refractive index system.Dextran with similar molecular weight as polysaccharides was selected as the reference substance.Orthogonal experiment and single factor tests were used to optimize the pretreatment conditions for the determination of total polysaccharides in Polyporus.Polysaccharides in Polyporus with different areas and grades were determined by anthrone-sulfuric acid colorimetric method at 630 nm. Result: The linearity,stability,precision,repeatability and recovery rate of the established method all reached the standards,respectively.The content of total polysaccharides in samples from different areas ranged from 0.87% to 1.39%.The content of total polysaccharides in samples with different grades was 1.40% for first-grade pieces,1.21% for second-grade pieces, and 1.03% for third-grade pieces. Conclusion: The established method is simple,accurate and reproducible,and it can be used for the determination of polysaccharides in decoction pieces of Polyporus.The content of polysaccharides in samples from different origins varies greatly.The content of polysaccharides in samples with different grades shows a certain regularity.The content of polysaccharides is the highest in the first-grade pieces,followed by the content in the second-grade,and the lowest in the third-grade.The results can provide a reference for formulating limits for the content of total polysaccharides and the grade standard of decoction pieces of Polyporus.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776228

ABSTRACT

Professor is a well-known national veteran doctor with over 70 years of clinical experience. He has unique academic thoughts and clinical experience for common diseases and some difficult and complicated diseases. This paper mainly introduces professor 's syndrome-differentiation thought and experience of acupoint selection for hot flashes. It is emphasized that common hot flashes, such as hot flashes and night sweats, are different between and . While regulating and , more attention should be paid to - harmony, which is not only suitable for women's perimenopausal syndrome, but also for a series of clinical diseases caused by refractory drugs such as endocrine therapy after breast cancer surgery. At the same time of acupoint selection based on syndrome differentiation, a more rational prescriptions should be made according to the duration of the disease and the experience acupoints to improve the clinical efficacy.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Breast Neoplasms , General Surgery , Female , Hot Flashes , Therapeutics , Humans , Syndrome
10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 432-436, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818256

ABSTRACT

Abnormal immune system is the final stage of the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis (UC). So it can be regarded as involved in the pathogenesis of UC as long as it can affect immune-related factors. The excessive immune activation in the intestinal wall of UC patients leads to the development of UC. Currently the treatment of UC is mainly focused on inhibiting or regulating the activity of immune system. This paper mainly reviews the role and mechanism of immune factors in the UC recently.

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1185-1189, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705172

ABSTRACT

Cytokine-release syndrome (CRS) triggered by mon-oclonal antibodies ( mAbs) is characterized by rapid onset and severe damage, and difficulty in prediction and control. Recent years,it has been a research focus on establishing a reliable ani-mal model in vivo and cytokine release assay( CRA) in vitro to predict CRS for preclinical safety evaluation. In this paper we summarize matters related to CRA applicable objects, considera-tions of method design and method optimization, aiming to pro-vide suggestions for the optimization of CRA prediction platform.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1680-1685, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-688059

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Jejunal feeding tube allows the nutrition of critical care patients more easy and safe. However, its placement remains a challenge. This study aimed to introduce a jejunal feeding tube through an ultrasound-guided antral progressive water injection method and subsequently to examine its efficacy.</p><p><b>Methods</b>Between April 2016 and April 2017, 54 patients hospitalized in the Department of Critical Care Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, China who needed nutritional support through a jejunal feeding tube were recruited for this study. Patients who applied ultrasound-guided antral progressive water injection method were classified into the experimental group. Patients who applied conventional method were registered as control group.</p><p><b>Results</b>No significant differences were found in age, body mass index, and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation score, but a significant difference in operation time was found between the experimental group and the control group. Of the 24 individuals in the control group, 17 displayed clear catheter sound shadows once the tube entered the esophagus. In comparison, of the 30 individuals in the experimental group, all harbored catheter sound shadows through the esophageal gas injection method. Subsequent observation revealed that in the control group (via ultrasonographic observation), 15 individuals underwent successful antral tube entry, for a success rate of 63%. In the experimental group (via antral progressive water injection), 27 individuals underwent successful antral tube entry, for a success rate of 90%. There was a significant difference between the success rates of the two groups (χ = 5.834, P = 0.022).</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>The antral progressive water injection method for the placement of a jejunal feeding tube is more effective than the traditional ultrasonic placement method.</p>

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1439-1443, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637902

ABSTRACT

Abstract? AIM: Through the establishment of penetrating keratoplasty model of rats, to detect the role and its mechanism of immature dendritic cells with IL-10 gene modified.? METHODS: Allogeneic penetrating corneal transplantation in rat model was performed. SD rats were randomly divided into positive control group, GFP-DC group, 8-DC and IL-10-GFP-DC group.At 3d before keratoplasty, the rats were given tail intravenous injection with the same amount of PBS, bone marrow 8-DC ( DC had cultured for 8d ) from donor Wistar rats, GFP-DC after 48h transfection and IL-10-GFP-DC.Rats were observed under slit-lamp for corneal graft cases every day, and recorded rejection index and corneal graft survival time.At 14d after keratoplasty, pathologic and immunohistochemical examinations were performed.?RESULTS:Compared with GFP-DC group and 8-DC group, corneal graft survival time of IL-10-GFP-DC group was significantly longer ( P<0.01 ); at 14d after keratoplasty, corneal opacity, edema, neovascularization and rejection index of IL-10 -GFP-DC group were significantly lower (P<0.01).Pathological examination showed that in the three experimental groups corneal inflammation was lighter than the positive control group without significant central graft neovascularization. Immunohistochemistry showed: compared to the positive control group, GFP-DC group and 8-DC group, CD4+, CD8+, CD25+, IL-2+, NK+and NF-κB+positive cells in IL-10-GFP-DC group were lower(P<0.01).? CONCLUSION: After donor -derived immature dendritic cells pretreated, corneal graft survival was significantly prolonged, successfully induced corneal transplantation tolerance. CD4+, CD8+, CD25+, IL-2+, NK+and NF-κB+positive cells are involved in corneal allograft rejection regulation, IL-10-GFP-DC may reduce CD4+, CD8+, CD25+, IL-2+, NK+and NF-κB+positive cell infiltration, inhibit corneal transplant rejection.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297387

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of acupuncture combined physical training and relearning on stroke patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A multi-center, randomized controlled trial design was adopted. A total of 364 stroke patients were recruited and randomly assigned to the experimental group (184 cases) and the control group (180 cases). Patients in the experimental group received acupuncture combined with physical training and relearning, while those in the control group only received physical training and relearning. All received four weeks of treatment. Effects on Fugl-Meyer motor function, neurological impairment, activities of daily living difference were compared before treatment, after treatment, 2 and 5 months after follow-ups between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Totally 353 patients completed this trial, 179 in the experimental group and 174 in the control group. (1) compared with before treatment, brief Fugl-Meyer motor functions scores and FIM scored obviously increased, and scores for neurological impairment obviously decreased in the two group. Besides, the increment of brief Fugl-Meyer motor functions scores and FIM scores was obviously higher in the experimental group than in the control group at month 2 and 5 of follow-ups; scores for neurological impairment was obviously lower in the experimental group than in the control group. The increment of FIM scores was obviously higher in the experimental group than in the control group at month 5 of follow-ups (P < 0.05, P < 0.01). (2) There was statistical difference in inter-group comparison of total Fugl-Meyer motor functions scores and FIM scores, or scores for neurological impairment (P < 0.01). The improvement of Fugl-Meyer motor functions grading and neurological impairment grading was obviously superior in the experimental group at month 2 and 5 of follow-ups. The distribution of FIM grading was also better in the experimental group at month 5 of follow-ups (P < 0.05, P < 0. 01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Both acupuncture combined exercise training and relearning and physical training and relearning could effectively promote the rehabilitation of stroke patients, reduce their neurological impairment degrees, improve motor functions and independent capacities. Better long-term efficacy could be obtained by acupuncture combined exercise training and relearning.</p>


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Acupuncture Therapy , Biomedical Research , Exercise Therapy , Humans , Research Design , Stroke Rehabilitation , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337254

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical efficacy of acupuncture for treatment of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome and discuss its action mechanism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-seven cases were randomly divided into two groups. The acupuncture group (29 cases) was treated with acupuncture at Taichong (LR 3), Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6) etc., once a day and 5 times per week. The medication group (28 cases) was treated with oral administration of pinaverium (50 mg each time, 3 times a day) and live combined bifidobacterium and lactobacillus tablet (4 tablets each time, 3 times a day). Four weeks were taken as a treatment course in both groups. Before and after treatment ELISA method was applied to measure the level of serum 5-HT of the patients in two groups. The scores of clinical symptoms were observed before treatment, after one and four weeks of treatment and 3 months after treatment, respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of serum 5-HT was significantly reduced in the acupuncture group and medication group (P < 0.01, P < 0.05), which had no statistical difference between two groups (P > 0.05). Compared with the medication group, the scores of clinical symptoms were obviously improved in the acupuncture group after one and four weeks of treatment and 3 months after treatment (P < 0.01, P < 0.05). The total effective rate was 89.66% (26/29) in the acupuncture group, which was superior to 67.85% (19/28) in the medication group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The efficacy of acupuncture is superior to that of medicine in the treatment of diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome. The acupuncture treatment could reduce the visceral sensitivity, improve the intestinal motility and regulate the imbalance of brain-intestine interactive function.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Diarrhea , Blood , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Blood , Therapeutics , Male , Serotonin , Blood , Treatment Outcome
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337204

ABSTRACT

The clinical experiences and proven cases of distinguished doctor of TCM, professor WU Xu, on acupuncture for acute upper abdominal pain is introduced. Professor WU's manipulation characteristics of acupuncture for acute upper abdominal pain, including acute cholecystitis, kidney stone, acute stomach pain, are one-hand shape but both hands in nature, moving like Tai Chi, force on the tip of needle, movement of qi mainly. The main technique posture is one-hand holding needle with middle finger for pressing, the needle is hold by thumb and index finger, and is assisted by middle finger. The special acupuncture experience of emergency is treatment according to syndrome differentiation, combination of acupuncture and moxibustion, selecting acupoint based on experience, blood-letting acupuncture therapy and so on.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Therapeutics , Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Acute Pain , Therapeutics , Adult , Female , Humans , Male
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254221

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of extensively hydrolyzed protein formula (eHF) on the feeding and growth in preterm infants through a multicenter controlled clinical study.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Preterm infants admitted to eight upper first-class hospitals in China between February 2012 and December 2013 were randomly selected. They were divided into two observation groups and two control groups. The first observation group consisted of preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks, who were fed with eHF for 10-14 days after birth and then with standard preterm formula (SPF) until discharge. The second observation group consisted of preterm infants with a gestational age of 32-34 weeks, who were fed with SPF after birth, but were switched to eHF (7-14 days) if suffering feeding intolerance at 6-8 days after birth. The two control groups with corresponding gestational ages kept to be fed with SPF after birth. Clinical data were recorded to compare feeding condition, physical growth, blood biochemical indices, and major complications between different groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 328 preterm infants were enrolled. Preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks in the observation group had a significantly shorter meconium evacuation time than in the corresponding control group (P<0.05). They also had significantly lower levels of serum total bilirubin at weeks 1 and 2 after birth compared with the control group (P<0.05). The observation group needed more time in reaching enteral nutrition (EN) basic energy uptake of 50 kcal/(kg·d), partial parenteral nutrition (PPN), hospitalization, and corrected gestational age at discharge compared with the controlled infants (P<0.05). There was no difference in the incidence of extrauterine growth retardation (EUGR) at discharge between the two groups (P>0.05). Preterm infants with a gestational age of 32-34 weeks in the observation group had significantly lower serum total bilirubin levels at 2 weeks after birth compared with the corresponding control group (P<0.05). They required more time in achieving EN basic energy and PPN than in the control group (P<0.05). There was no difference in the incidence of EUGR at discharge between the two groups (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>For preterm infants, eHF can improve gastrointestinal motility, accelerate bilirubin metabolism and excretion and does not increase the incidence of EUGR.</p>


Subject(s)
Enteral Nutrition , Humans , Infant Formula , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Parenteral Nutrition
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1057-1060, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-247001

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe clinical therapeutic effects of acupuncture for pattern of liver-stagnation and spleen-deficiency in diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (D-IBS) and its impact on cell factors.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty cases were selected and divided into an acupuncture group (21 cases) in which acupuncture was applied and a medicine group (19 cases) in which oral administration of dicetel and bifidobacterium lactobacillus triple viable capsules were applied. The symptom scores, level of Th1-type cytokine (IFN-gamma, IL-2) and Th2-type cytokine (IL-4, IL-10) and ratio of IFN-gamma to IL-4 were compared in two groups before and after treatment to analyze acupuncture effect.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The clinical symptoms were improved after one-week treatment in the acupuncture group (P<0.05), which had faster onset than the medicine group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 90.48% (19/21) in the acupuncture group, which was superior to 78.95% (15/19) in the medicine group (P<0.05). Compared with medicine treatment, imbalanced condition of Th1/Th2 was turning towards the direction of Th2 after acupuncture, indicating a tendency to recover the balance.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clinical efficacy of acupuncture for D-IBS has close relationship with effectively improving balance of Th1/Th2 in patients with liver-stagnation and spleen-deficiency.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Adult , Aged , Cytokines , Allergy and Immunology , Female , Humans , Irritable Bowel Syndrome , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Liver , Male , Middle Aged , Spleen , Th1 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Th2 Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Young Adult
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1478-1481, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325235

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the molecular mechanism of RhDel phenotype expression in blood donors of Chinese Harbin area. Three hundred and seventy-four RhD negative donors confirmed by indirect antiglobulin test were detected by using serological and molecular methods for red blood cell RhD blood group genotyping and RH gene variant detection. And the other special samples of undetermined RhD genotype were sequenced. The results showed that 62 cases of Del type were detected in 374 negative blood donors' samples, accounting for 16.6%, among them there were 61 cases of RHD1227A, and 1 case of rare RHD Del (cde) 1 allele was found. Sequencing analysis indicated that RHD711DelC allele existed in 11 cases. In addition, the new mutant alleles were found in 3 samples. It is concluded that RHD1227A allele is generally carried allele in Del phenotype population of Chinese Harbin area and is an important genetic marker in Del phenotype individual.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Genetics , Base Sequence , Blood Donors , China , Exons , Genotype , Humans , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System , Genetics
20.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 178-181, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333520

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids may beneficially influence healing processes and patient outcomes. The aim of this research was to study the clinical efficacy of fish oil enriched total parenteral nutrition in elderly patients after colorectal cancer surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Fifty-seven elderly patients with colorectal cancer were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial. All patients received isocaloric and isonitrogenous total parenteral nutrition by continuous infusion (20 - 24 hours per day) for seven days after surgery. The control group (n = 28) received 1.2 g/kg soybean oil per day, whereas the treatment group (n = 29) received 0.2 g/kg fish oil and 1.0 g/kg soybean oil per day. Blood samples were taken pre-operatively, and at days one and eight after the operation. The plasma levels of CD4, CD8, CD4/CD8, interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were measured. Clinical outcomes were then analysed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Patient characteristics were comparable between the two groups. At day eight post-surgery, IL-6, TNF-α and CD8 titres were lower in the treatment group when compared to the control group; these results reached statistical significance. In the treatment group, there were fewer infectious complications and incidences of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and shorter lengths of hospital stay were observed. The total cost of medical care was comparable for the two groups. No serious adverse events occurred in either group.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Fish oil 0.2 g/kg per day administrated to elderly patients after colorectal surgery was safe and may shorten the length of hospital stay and improve clinical outcomes.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , CD4 Antigens , Blood , CD4-CD8 Ratio , CD8 Antigens , Blood , Colorectal Neoplasms , Blood , General Surgery , Colorectal Surgery , Female , Fish Oils , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Male , Middle Aged , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Methods , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL