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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1124-1128, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013234

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of epileptic seizure associated with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). Methods: From January 2017 to July 2023 at Children's Hospital Capital Institute of Pediatrics, medical records of patients with both NF1 and epileptic seizure were reviewed in this case series study. The clinical characteristics, treatment and prognosis were analyzed retrospectively. Results: A total of 15 patients(12 boys and 3 girls) were collected. Café-au-lait macules were observed in all 15 patients. There were 6 patients with neurodevelopmental disorders and the main manifestations were intellectual disability or developmental delay. The age at the first epileptic seizure was 2.5 (1.2, 5.5) years. There were various seizure types, including generalized tonic-clonic seizures in 8 patients, focal motor seizures in 6 patients, epileptic spasm in 4 patients, tonic seizures in 1 patient, absence in 1 patient, generalized myoclonic seizure in 1 patient and focal to bilateral tonic-clonic seizure in 1 patient. Among 14 patients whose brain magnetic resonance imaging results were available, there were abnormal signals in corpus callosum, basal ganglia, thalamus or cerebellum in 6 patients, dilated ventricles of different degrees in 3 patients, blurred gray and white matter boundary in 2 patients, agenesis of corpus callosum in 1 patient and no obvious abnormalities in the other patients. Among 13 epilepsy patients, 8 were seizure-free with 1 or 2 antiseizure medications(ASM), 1 with drug resistant epilepsy was seizure-free after left temporal lobectomy, and the other 4 patients who have received 2 to 9 ASM had persistent seizures. One patient with complex febrile convulsion achieved seizure freedom after oral administration of diazepam on demand. One patient had only 1 unprovoked epileptic seizure and did not have another seizure without taking any ASM. Conclusions: The first epileptic seizure in NF1 patients usually occurs in infancy and early childhood, with the main seizure type of generalized tonic-clonic seizure and focal motor seizure. Some patients have intellectual disability or developmental delay. Most epilepsy patients achieve seizure freedom with ASM.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Neurofibromatosis 1/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Intellectual Disability , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy/etiology , Seizures/etiology
2.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 837-844, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010216

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the associations of lipid indicators and mortality in Beijing Elderly Comprehensive Health Cohort Study.@*METHODS@#A prospective cohort was conducted based on Beijing Elderly Comprehensive Health Cohort Study with 4499 community older adults. After the baseline survey, the last follow-up was March 31, 2021 with an average 8.13 years of follow-up. Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the hazard ratios (HR) with 95% CI for cardiovascular disease (CVD) death and all-cause death in associations with baseline lipid indicators.@*RESULTS@#A total of 4499 participants were recruited, and the mean levels of uric acid, body mass index, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) showed an upward trend with the increasing remnant cholesterol (RC) quarters (Ptrend < 0.05), while the downward trend was found in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C). During the total 36,596 person-years follow-up, the CVD mortality and all-cause mortality during an average 8.13 years of follow-up was 3.87% (95% CI: 3.30%-4.43%) and 14.83% (95% CI: 13.79%-15.86%) with 174 CVD death participants and 667 all-cause death participants. After adjusting for confounders, the higher level of TC (HR = 0.854, 95% CI: 0.730-0.997), LDL-C (HR = 0.817, 95% CI: 0.680-0.982) and HDL-C (HR = 0.443, 95% CI: 0.271-0.724) were associated with lower risk of CVD death, and the higher level of HDL-C (HR = 0.637, 95% CI: 0.501-0.810) were associated with lower risk of all-cause death. The higher level of RC (HR = 1.276, 95% CI: 1.010-1.613) increase the risk of CVD death. Compared with the normal lipid group, TC ≥ 6.20 mmol/L group and LDL-C ≥ 4.10 mmol/L group were no longer associated with lower risk of CVD death, while RC ≥ 0.80 mmol/L group was still associated with higher risk of CVD death. In normal lipid group, the higher levels of TC, LDL-C and HDL-C were related with lower CVD death.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In community older adults, higher levels of TC and HDL-C were associated with lower CVD mortality in normal lipid reference range. Higher RC was associated with higher CVD mortality, which may be a better lipid indicator for estimating the CVD death risk in older adults.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 212-220, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781579

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recent evidence has shown that prophylactic antibiotic treatment in patients with acute pancreatitis is not associated with a significant decrease in mortality or morbidity. The use and efficacy of prophylactic antibiotic treatment in acute pancreatitis remain controversial. This meta-analysis was conducted to assess whether antibiotic prophylaxis is beneficial in patients with acute pancreatitis.@*METHODS@#We searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of prophylactic use of antibiotics using Medline (PubMed), Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. The data were analyzed using Review Manager 5.3 software. We performed pooled analyses for infected pancreatic necrosis, mortality, surgical intervention, and non-pancreatic infection. Odds ratios (ORs) from each trial were pooled using a random or fixed effects model, depending on the heterogeneity of the included studies. Sub-group analysis or sensitivity analysis was conducted to explore potential sources of heterogeneity, when necessary.@*RESULTS@#Totally, 11 RCTs involving 747 participants were included, with an intervention group (prophylactic use of antibiotics, n = 376) and control group (n = 371). No significant differences were found regarding antibiotic prophylaxis with respect to incidence of infected pancreatic necrosis (OR, 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.50-1.09; P = 0.13), surgical intervention (OR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.62-1.38; P = 0.70), and morality (OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.44-1.15; P = 0.16). However, antibiotic prophylaxis was associated with a statistically significant reduction in the incidence of non-pancreatic infection (OR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.42-0.84; P = 0.004).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Prophylactic antibiotics can reduce the incidence of non-pancreatic infection in patients with AP.

4.
Journal of Regional Anatomy and Operative Surgery ; (6): 1-5, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744537

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of miRLet-7 family members in breast cancer and its correlation with overall survivals (OS), and to find more effective molecular targets for breast cancer prevention and treatment.Methods Kaplan-Meier (KM) plotter online database was used to analyze the correlation among the expression of Let-7 family members (Let-7a, 7b, 7c, 7d, 7e, 7f, 7g, 7i, miR-98, miR-202) correlated with overall survival (OS) and the prognosis and clinical pathological parameters of breast cancer patients, and Hazard ratio (HR), 95%confidence interval (CI), and P value were determined.ResultsThe study showed that the high expression level of Let-7a, Let-7b, Let-7c, Let-7e, Let-7f, Let-7g, miR-98 and the low expression level of miR-202 was associated with better OS for breast cancer patients (P<0.05).We further assessed the prognostic value of Let-7 in different subtypes and clinical stage.The expression of Let-7a, Let-7b, Let-7f, Let-7g, miR-98, miR-202 was related to clinical stage (P<0.05).Let-7a, Let-7b, Let-7c, Let-7e, Let-7f, Let-7g, miR-98 and miR-202 was related to lymph node status (P<0.05).In triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC), with breast cancer subtype, the expression of Let-7b, Let-7c, Let-7g and miR-202 was significantly correlated to overall survival (P<0.05).Conclusion The Let-7 is significantly correlated with OS in breast cancer patients.The results suggested that members of the Let-7 have different values in predicting the prognosis of breast cancer.Among them, Let-7b, Let-7g and miR-202 are closely related with clinical stage and TNBC, and might promote development of Let-7 as targeted inhibitors for the treatment of breast cancer.

5.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 379-386, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817790

ABSTRACT

@#:【Objective】Toinvestigatetheeffectsofinterleukin-17(IL-17)ontheproliferationandmigrationof bronchialsmoothmusclecells(BSMC)andtheroleofJAK/STAT3signalingpathwayinthisprocess.【Methods】BSMC weretreatedwithdifferentconcentrationsofIL-17fordifferenttimestodeterminethebestoftheexperimentalcondition. ThenMTTassaywasusedtodetectcellviability.CellproliferationstatesweredetectedbyBrdUstaining,andthecell cyclewasassessedbyPIstainingusingaflowcytometer.Transwellcellmigrationassaywasfurtherusedtodetectcell migrationability.TheexpressionofJAK,p-JAK,STAT3andp-STAT3inBSMCafterbeingtreatedwithIL-17was detectedbyWesternblotting.JAK/STAT3signalingpathwayspecificblockerAG490wasusedtoinvestigatetheroleof JAK/STAT3signalingpathwayinIL-17-inducedBSMCproliferationandmigration.TheeffectsofIL-17oncellproliferation, migration and JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway related protein expression were evaluated after blocking the JAK/STAT3 signaling.【Results】IL-17enhancedtheproliferation(P<0.05),promotedthecellcycletransitions(P<0.05)andsig⁃nificantlyincreasesthemigrationability(P<0.05)inBSMC.ThisprocesswasaccompaniedbytheenhancementofJAK/ STAT3signalingpathwayinBSMC(P<0.05).InhibitionofJAK/STAT3signalingpathwayalleviatedBSMCproliferation andmigrationinducedbyIL-17(P<0.05) .【Conclusions】JAK/STAT3signalingpathwayparticipatesinthestimulation processofIL-17ontheproliferationandmigrationofBSMC.AG490inhibitstheenhancementofJAK/STAT3signaling pathwayinBSMCinducedbyinterleukin-17.

6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5083-5087, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008367

ABSTRACT

The contamination of aflatoxin B_1,B_2,G_1,G_2,M_1 and M_2 in Eupolyphaga Steleophaga was determined by immunoaffinity column clean-up and HPLC-FLD with post-column photochemical derivatization. Chromatographic separations were carried out using a Cloversil C_(18) column( 4. 6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) that were eluted in isocratic with methanol-acetonitrile-water( 20 ∶ 20 ∶ 60) as the mobile phase. The excitation wavelength and the emission wavelength of fluorescence detector were maintained at 360 nm and 450 nm,respectively. The flow rate was 0. 8 m L·min~(-1),and the column temperature was 30 ℃ . The sample was prepared using the immunoaffinity column,then the recovery was measured with 75. 47%-101. 8% with RSD values lower than 6. 7%. A total of 20 batches of Eupolyphaga Steleophaga samples were assayed. According to the Chinese Pharmacopoeia( 2015 edition,part 1),the aflatoxin B_1 limit should be less than 5 μg·kg~(-1),and the sum of aflatoxins( AFB_1,AFB2,AFG_1,AFG_2) should be less than 10 μg·kg-1. Therefore,the positive rate of the 20 samples was 50. 0%,and 7 batches of samples exceeded the standard,and the over-standard rate was as high as 70. 0%. Among them,aflatoxins B_1,B_2,G_1,G_2,M_1,and M_2 were detected in three batches( SD-1,AH-1,AH-3),and aflatoxins B_1,B2,G1,G2,and M1 were detected in one batch( AH-7). The results showed that the newly developed method in this work is suitable for the simultaneous determination of six aflatoxins in Eupolyphaga Steleophaga,and also suggested that it should be of high values to take the contamination with aflatoxins into concerns.


Subject(s)
Animals , Aflatoxins/analysis , Chromatography, Affinity , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Cockroaches/chemistry
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5078-5082, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008366

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to analyze the residues of aflatoxin B_1( AFB_1) in Ziziphi Spinosae Semen from different producing areas and to assess the health risk of aflatoxin B_1 residue based on the obtained data. A total of 72 samples of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen from different areas were detected by IAC-HPLC-FLD. Based on the data of AFB_1 pollution,a probabilistic assessment model with Monte Carlo simulation was developed. Then,the risk assessment of AFB_1 exposure by Ziziphi Spinosae Semen intake was carried out by MOE( margin of exposure). The results showed that 32 out of 72 of samples( 44. 4%) were found to be contaminated with AFB_1,and the average and maximum concentration of AFB_1 in samples was 5. 42 μg·kg~(-1) and 55. 09 μg·kg~(-1),respectively. After health risk assessment,the average and 97. 5%( 90% confidence interval) exposure level of daily exposure of AFB_1 by Ziziphi Spinosae Semen intake were 0. 008 6( 0. 008 1-0. 009 2) and 0. 057 3( 0. 053 2-0. 061 4) μg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1),respectively. The results showed common use of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen had low level of risk associated with AFB_1. However,the high consumption of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen showed a higher risk than common intake,requiring attention. This study laid a foundation for clinical safe prescription of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen.


Subject(s)
Aflatoxin B1/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drug Contamination , Plant Preparations/analysis , Risk Assessment , Ziziphus/chemistry
8.
Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 530-536, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692280

ABSTRACT

A new derivative of ordered mesoporous carbon (GSH-CMK-3) has been prepared by chemical modification and functionalization of ordered mesoporous carbon with glutathione. The composite was fully characterized by means of Fourier transforming infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscope (SEM) image and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). GSH-CMK-3 showed favorable chemical stability, thermal stability and excellent adsorption performance toward Cd2+and a maximum adsorption capacity of 87.87 mg/g was achieved. The adsorption kinetic follows pseudo-second-order adsorption model. In a sequential injection mini-column separation system, 0. 006 mol/L sulfourea (in 0. 2 mol/L HNO3) was adopted as eluent and the elution efficiency was 96%. With a sample volume of 1000 μL and 50 μL of eluate, an enrichment factor of 17.3 was obtained. A procedure for on-line selective separation and preconcentration of trace Cd2+was developed by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Along with a detection limit of 1.9 ng/L (n=7,3σ) and a linear range of 0.05-0.20 μg/L, a RSD of 2.9% (n=13,100 ng/L) was achieved. The method was validated by analyzing Cd2+in a certified reference material GBW08608.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4226-4230, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775354

ABSTRACT

To construct CRISPR/Cas9 vectors for the editing of SmPAL1 in the phenylpropane metabolic pathway of Salvia miltiorrhiza, CIRSPR/Cas9 target sites of SmPAL1 were designed by online software. Its target efficiencies were detected in vitro by enzyme digestion and sequences with highly efficiency were constructed into CRISPR/Cas9 vectors. Three possible CRISPR target sequences (SmPAL1-g1, SmPAL1-g2, SmPAL1-g3) were designed and the enzyme digestion efficiencies were 53.3%, 76.6% and 10.0%. SmPAL1-g1 and SmPAL1-g2 were constructed into vector VK005-03 named as VK005-03-g1 and VK005-03-g2. The results of sequencing showed that the two CRISPR/Cas target sequences were all constructed into VK005-03. Here we first laid the foundation for the study of SmPAL1 and provided an effective strategy for the screening of sgRNA.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Genetics , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Genetics
10.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1069-1073, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266860

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common congenital malformations with high mortality and morbidity. The prevalence of CHD reported previously ranged from 4 per 1000 live births to 50 per 1000 live births. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to document the prevalence of CHD in Langfang district of Hebei Province, China by analyzing data collected by hospitals located in 11 the counties of the district, as supported by a public health campaign.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 67,718 consecutive 3-month-old infants were included from July 19, 2012 to July 18, 2014. Structural abnormalities were diagnosed based on echocardiography findings, including two-dimensional and color Doppler echocardiography results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 67,718 infants, 1554 were found to have cardiac structural abnormalities. The total prevalence of CHD was 22.9 per 1000 live births, a value significantly higher than the previously reported prevalence of 8 cases per 1000 live births. The top five most common cardiac abnormalities were as follows: atrial septal defect (ASD, 605 cases, 8.93‰); ventricular septal defect (550 cases, 8.12‰); patent ductus arteriosus (228 cases, 3.37‰); pulmonary stenosis (66 cases, 0.97‰); and tetralogy of Fallot (32 cases, 0.47‰). The CHD prevalence differed by gender in this study ( χ2 = 23.498,P < 0.001), and the majority of ASD cases were females. Regional differences in prevalence were also found ( χ2 = 24.602,P < 0.001); a higher prevalence was found in urban areas (32.2 cases per 1000 live births) than in rural areas (21.1 cases per 1000 live births). There was a significant difference in the prevalence of CHD in preterm versus full-term infants ( χ2 = 133.443,P < 0.001). Prevalence of CHD in infants of maternal aged 35 years or over was significantly higher ( χ2 = 86.917,P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prevalence of CHD in Langfang district was within the range reported using echocardiography. Echocardiography can be used to early diagnose the CHD.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ductus Arteriosus , Pathology , Echocardiography , Heart Defects, Congenital , Pathology , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Pathology , Prevalence , Pulmonary Valve Stenosis , Pathology , Tetralogy of Fallot , Pathology
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1269-1274, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246777

ABSTRACT

The PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway plays a central role in cell growth, proliferation and survival in physiological conditions. This signal pathway is considered to be an innovative targeted therapy of cancer, and its abnormal activation has been proved to be related to T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) .Despite improved treatment strategies, such as multi-drug combination, high-dose chemotherapy and all kinds of application and popularization of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, children with drug resistance or relapse T-ALL are still rather worse and its overall outcome and prognosis are much poorer than the more common B-lineage ALL. Therefore, more effective and less cytotoxic treatment targeted strategies for leukemia greatly needed. This review focuses on the relationship between the PI3k/Akt/mTOR pathway and the pediatric T-ALL, so as to reveal the exact molecular mechanism of T-ALL and provide more directions for its treatment.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Cell Proliferation , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
12.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 252-257, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304306

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore CT and MRI manifestations of the axial area peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumors (pPNETs) in order to improve the knowledge of this disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 10 patients with pPNETs underwent pathologically confirmed were retrospectively analyzed from October 2008 to May 2014. There were 7 males and 3 females, aged from 8 to 49 years old with median of 23.6 years. The preoperative multi-slice spiral CT scan was completed in 3 cases, plain CT scan and enhancement in 4 cases; MRI and enhancement scanning in 5 cases; and among them, 2 cases underwent both MRI and CT scan.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In-bone type was found 6 cases and out-bone type was found 4 cases. Three cases occurred in sacral vertebrae, 2 cases in lumbar vertebrae, 1 case in cervical vertebrae, 1 case in cervical spinal canal, 1 case in coccyx, 1 case in the right iliac bone, 1 case in presacral space. Cross sectional the smallest tumor maximum level was 1.1 cmx 1.2 cm in size, the biggest tumor was 8.0 cm x 9.2 cm, the median size was 4.4 cm x 5.7 cm, of them, the tumor of maximal diameter larger than 5 cm had 6 cases. Except 2 cases-without destruction of bone, the other 5 cases with osteolytic destruction, 2 cases with calcification, 1 case with mixed. Equidensite was main in CT scan, 1 case with uniform density, other 6 cases with uneven density,in which 3 cases with "floating ice" change; 1 case with moderate strengthening, other 3 cases with obviously strengthening, 2 cases with multiple small blood vessels in enhancement scanning. MRI of 5 cases showed the signal of isointensity on T1WI, the slightly high signal on T2WI and the signal was not uniform; after enhancement scan, the signal of 5 cases obviously enhanced. Two patients complicated with vertebral compression fractures, no periosteal reaction was found in all patients, and no the destruction of intervertebral disk was found in 5 patients of MRI scan.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The axial area pPNETs is common among children and the youth, and the mass often is huge. The mass of in-bone type often envelopes the vertebral body, and main located on prevertebral space, all associated with bone destruction, osteolytic destruction is common, and primary vertebral bodies also is common, attachment primary or involvement is few found, it can involve the spinal canal and anterior wall of spinal canal is common, some cases complicate with multiple newly born small vessels. The mass of out-hone type in deep soft tissue is common, minority primary spinal canal, many complicated with vertebral bone destruction, osteolytic destruction was main. The intervertebral disk was not invaded and intervertebral space has not stenosis. CT scan offer complicate with "floating ice" sign, and in-bone type is common. Isointensity is main on MRI TlWI and slightly longer signal is main on MRI T2WI, strengthening signal is obvious.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis, Differential , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Radionuclide Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 200-204, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304315

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the diagnostic value of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in cervical spondylotic myelopathy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty healthy volunteers and fifty patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy underwent DTI in the Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Ningbo University from January 2014 to April 2015. Healthy volunteers served as controls. Fifty patients were divided into three groups (group A , B, C) according to cervical MRI scan standard. Group A (17 cases) had only the dura mater spinalis compressed; Group B (23 cases) showed the cervical spinal cord compressed, but no high signal in it; Group C (10 cases) had the cervical spinal cord compressed with high signal in the same level. The average apparent diffusion coefficients(ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA)values in these examinee were analyzed and all subjects were performed fiber tracking.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no statistically significant differences in ADC and FA values in C2/C3, C3/C4, C4/C5, C5/C6, C6/C7 of control group (P>0.05). The average ADC and FA values in control group were (0.875 +/- 0.096) x10(3) mm2/s and 0.720 +/- 0.051, respectively; compared with group A,there was no statistically significant difference; compared with group B and C, there was significant difference; comparison among group A, B, C, there was significant differences.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DTI can early and accurately quantify the changes of microstructure in cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Fiber tracking can show the damage range of spinal cord lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Case-Control Studies , Cervical Vertebrae , Diagnostic Imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Radiography , Spinal Cord Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Spondylosis , Diagnostic Imaging
14.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 669-672, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240967

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the mechanism of pseudo-tears of the lateral meniscus caused by the transverse geniculate ligament (TL) and the miniscofemoral ligament(MFL) and to investigate a method to differentiate pseudo-tears from true tear of the lateral meniscus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Form June 2012 to February 2014, MR examinations of 72 knees (44 left knees and 28 right knees) without tear of the lateral meniscus verified by arthroscopy were performed in the sagittal and coronal plane. There were 41 males and 31 females in the group, with an average age of 33.7 years old (ranged from 25 to 61). The MR appearance of the TL and the MFL was carefully observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There existed fatty tissue in the gap between the TL and the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus and its central tendinous attachment. On the sagittal images, the fatty tissue formed a linear high-signal cleft between the TL and the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus. This might be mistaken as an oblique tear within the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus. It was called as pseudo-tears of the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus. In sagittal plane, the MFL was identified as a circle-like or short stick-like area of low signal intensity anterior or posterior to the posterior cruciateligament. Nevertheless, a belt-shaped area of low signal intensity from the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus to lateral facet of the medial femoral condyle was identified in the coronal plane. A linear area of high signal intensity between the MFL and the lateral meniscus was found in sagittal plane, which might be mistaken as an oblique tear within the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus. It was called pseudo-tears of the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus. The occurrence rate of the TL was 34.7% (25/72). The prevaleribe of pseudo-tears of the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus was 18 cases. The shape of the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus was regular, and the course of the pseudo-tears cleft was oblique. The occurrence rate of the MFL was 73.6% (53/72), which included the anterior MFL 23.6% (17/72), the posterior MFL 70.8% (51/72) and the two ligaments coexisted 16.7% (12/72). The prevalence of pseudo-tears of the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus was 25 cases. All observed pseudo-tears had either in posteroinferiorly oblique direction (19/25) or in vertical direction (6/25).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Based on the location and direction of pseudo-tears and observation in the continuous sagittal plane and the coronal plane, pseudo-tears is easily differentiated from the true tear of the lateral meniscus</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Knee Injuries , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Knee Joint , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Menisci, Tibial , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Radiography , Tibial Meniscus Injuries
15.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 360-366, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251770

ABSTRACT

The first genetic linkage map of Salvia miltiorrhiza was constructed in 94 F1 individuals from an intraspecific cross by using simple sequence repeat (SSR), sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. A total of 93 marker loci in the linkage map, consisting of 53 SSR, 38 SRAP and 2 ISSR locus were made up of eight linkage groups, covered a total length of 400.1 cm with an average distance of 4.3 cm per marker. The length of linkage groups varied from 3.3 -132 cm and each of them included 2-23 markers, separately. The result will provide important basis for QTL mapping, map-based cloning and association studies for commercially important traits in S. miltiorrhiza.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Mapping , Genetic Linkage , Genetic Markers , Microsatellite Repeats , Polymorphism, Genetic , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Genetics
16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 282-285, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345222

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the diagnostic value of 3D-indirectmagnetic resonance (MR) arthrography in detecting meniscustears of the knees.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Form January 2013 to January 2014, routine plain MR of the knees followed by the 3D-indirect MR arthrography was performed in 42 patients with suspected meniscal tears clinically. There were 31 males and 11 females, with an average age of 38.4 years old (ranged, 21 to 67 years old). The duration of the course ranged from 2 h to 15 d. The clinical symptom was knee pain. All the patients got subsequently arthroscopic examination or operation. The sensitivity and specificity of routine plain MR and 3D-indirect MR arthrography were compared based on the results of arthroscopic examination or operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The signal intensity in the area of meniscal tears on image of 3D-indirect MR arthrography was obviously higher than that of routine plain MR. The sensitivity of 3D-indirect MR arthrography was 85.79% (87/102), while the routine plain MR was 52.94% (54/102), and the specificity improved from 67.78%(61/90) to 86.67%(78/90). The difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 25.90, P < 0.01; χ2 = 9.13, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In comparison with the routine plain MR findings, 3D-indirect MR arthrography demonstrates meniscus tears of the knee with the better sensitivity and specificity.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthrography , Methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Methods , Knee Injuries , Diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Tibial Meniscus Injuries
17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Ultrasound (Electronic Edition) ; (12): 465-469, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636067

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between carotid artery plagues and the clinical risk factors in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 by observing the ultrasonic characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis plagues.Methods The ultrasound results of carotid arteries in 665 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 from January 2009 to December 2011 in Beijing Amery General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.The location and quantity of carotid atherosclerotic plaques were observed .The relationship between the occurrence and risk factors of diabetes such as hypertension ,family history of diabetes and age were analyzed.Single factor and multi-factor analysis were applied for the related risk factors .Results The ultrasonography showed 405 cases of carotid artery plaques.Most carotid artery plaques were located in the posterior wall of carotid sinus and were hyperechoic ,hypoechoic or isoechoic.The single factor analysis showed hypertension,family history of diabetes and age are risk factors of carotid atherosclerosis (χ2 =42.322,9.682 and 140.658,all P<0.01).Multi-factor logistic regression analysis showed age was an independent risk factor of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2.The risk factors scores of patients who were less than 45 years,45-65 years and over 65 years of age were (3.50 ±1.16)scores,(3.46 ±0. 92)scores and (3.21 ±0.88)scores,and the difference was statistically significant (F=5.781,P<0.001). There were significant differences between risk factors scores of different age groups ( t =2.084,2.002, 3.786,3.474,2.877 and 2.504,all P<0.05).In patients more than 65 years of age,the risk of atherosclerosis plaques is 28.732 times higher than that of patients less than 45 years of age.After controlling the age factor,the possibility of atherosclerosis plaque increased 1.201 times for each additional one point of score. Conclusions Most carotid artery plaques in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 are located in the posterior wall of carotid sinus and are hyperechoic ,hypoechoic or isoechoic.Age is an independent risk factor for the formation of carotid plaque.Patients more than 45 years of age should undergo early intervention to avoid the occurrence of major vascular complications .

18.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 863-866, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250744

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the accuracy of three measurements of lower extremity length during total hip arthroplasty(THA),and explore the causes that influence the accuracy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2010 to January 2013,145 patients underwent THA were retrospectively analyzed. There were 66 males and 79 females,ranging in age from 48 to 89 years with an average of 66.7 years. Their lower extremities were measured by three methods during operation,among them,31 cases with reference method of contralaterallegs (A method) ,63 cases with measurement method of Kirschner wire location (B method), and other 51 cases with measurement method of anatomical landmark (C method). The accuracy of the three measurements and the incidence rate of length inequality of lower extremity were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up,there was no significant differences in the operation time and the intraoperative blood loss among three groups. The difference of lower extremity length with A,B,C method were respectively (8.7+/-5.7),(3.1+/-2.6), (5.6+/-5.3) mm after operation; there were significant difference between any two groups. The accuracy of three methods from high to low were respectively B,C,A method. The incidence rate of length inequality of lower extremity with A, B, C method were respectively 32.3%, 1.6%, 11.8%, the incidence rate with A method was higher than that other two methods ; and there was no significant difference between B method and C method.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The measurement method of Kirschner wire location has the best accuracy in the three methods and the measurement method of anatomical landmark is the second. The measurement method of Kirschner wire location is recommended in all THA except for the patients with femoral neck fracture. And the measurement method of anatomical landmark can be used in the patients with femoral neck fracture.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Methods , Leg Length Inequality , Epidemiology , Lower Extremity , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 855-859, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277983

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively analyze the safety and efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy combined with pharmacologic thrombolysis to treat non-acute and symptomatic portal vein thrombosis (PVT) using an intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (IPS) assisted by percutaneous transhepatic approach.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2006 to May 2012, 18 patients with non-acute and symptomatic PVT were treated with balloon dilation, sheath-directed thrombus aspiration and continuous infusion of urokinase using the IPS assisted by percutaneous transhepatic approach. The significance of differences in the portosystemic gradient measured before and after therapy was assessed by paired samples t-test, and survival analysis was made by the Kaplan-Meier method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>IPS was successfully created in all patients. The mean duration of the thrombolytic therapy was 65.3 +/- 29.5 h, and the mean concentration of urokinase used for the thrombolysis was 2324000 +/- 945000 U. Comparison of the mean portosystemic gradients showed a significant improvement in response to the therapy (before: 33.8 +/- 4.9 mm Hg vs. after: 15.4 +/- 2.1 mm Hg; P less than 0.001). The overall rate of clinical improvement was 94.4%. One patient died on day 2 post-therapy and another two patients experienced mild hepatic encephalopathy or right hemothorax, respectively, on day 5 post-therapy, with conservative medical management achieving complete recovery for both. The mean follow-up time was 18.6 +/- 17.5 months, during which only one patient died and five others experienced shunt dysfunction; all remaining patients showed maintenance of shunt patency without symptoms of recurrence.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mechanical thrombectomy combined with pharmacologic thrombolysis via the IPS assisted by percutaneous transhepatic approach is a safe and effective therapeutic option for patients with non-acute and symptomatic PVT.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Portal Vein , Portasystemic Shunt, Surgical , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Thrombolytic Therapy , Venous Thrombosis , Therapeutics
20.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1257-1262, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare levamisole ferulate (LF) and investigate its effects on the immune function of mice with low immunity, thus to provide basic evidence for regulation of the immune status of animals and improvement of body's defense. METHODS: LF was synthesized by levamisole hydrochloride and sodium ferulate. The model of immune inhibited mice was established by intraperitoneal injection with cyclophosphamide (CTX). In order to verify and compare the effect of immune enhancement, a series of parameters were determined such as the immune organ index, the serum IgA, IgG and IgM in cyclophosphamide-induced-immunosu-pressed mice. RESULTS: The product was obtained and its yield was 80.49%. The identification of the product was done by means of elemental analysis, TLC, UV-Vis, IR and ESI-MS. LF significantly increased the contents of IgM and IgG in cyclophosphamide-in-duced-immunosupressed mice and improved the thymus and spleen indexes. CONCLUSION: This synthetic technique is simple and feasible. LF can significantly regulate the immune function in mice. Copyright 2012 by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

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