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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 212-220, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781579

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Recent evidence has shown that prophylactic antibiotic treatment in patients with acute pancreatitis is not associated with a significant decrease in mortality or morbidity. The use and efficacy of prophylactic antibiotic treatment in acute pancreatitis remain controversial. This meta-analysis was conducted to assess whether antibiotic prophylaxis is beneficial in patients with acute pancreatitis.@*METHODS@#We searched randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of prophylactic use of antibiotics using Medline (PubMed), Embase, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. The data were analyzed using Review Manager 5.3 software. We performed pooled analyses for infected pancreatic necrosis, mortality, surgical intervention, and non-pancreatic infection. Odds ratios (ORs) from each trial were pooled using a random or fixed effects model, depending on the heterogeneity of the included studies. Sub-group analysis or sensitivity analysis was conducted to explore potential sources of heterogeneity, when necessary.@*RESULTS@#Totally, 11 RCTs involving 747 participants were included, with an intervention group (prophylactic use of antibiotics, n = 376) and control group (n = 371). No significant differences were found regarding antibiotic prophylaxis with respect to incidence of infected pancreatic necrosis (OR, 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.50-1.09; P = 0.13), surgical intervention (OR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.62-1.38; P = 0.70), and morality (OR, 0.71; 95% CI, 0.44-1.15; P = 0.16). However, antibiotic prophylaxis was associated with a statistically significant reduction in the incidence of non-pancreatic infection (OR, 0.59; 95% CI, 0.42-0.84; P = 0.004).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Prophylactic antibiotics can reduce the incidence of non-pancreatic infection in patients with AP.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744537

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the expression of miRLet-7 family members in breast cancer and its correlation with overall survivals (OS), and to find more effective molecular targets for breast cancer prevention and treatment.Methods Kaplan-Meier (KM) plotter online database was used to analyze the correlation among the expression of Let-7 family members (Let-7a, 7b, 7c, 7d, 7e, 7f, 7g, 7i, miR-98, miR-202) correlated with overall survival (OS) and the prognosis and clinical pathological parameters of breast cancer patients, and Hazard ratio (HR), 95%confidence interval (CI), and P value were determined.ResultsThe study showed that the high expression level of Let-7a, Let-7b, Let-7c, Let-7e, Let-7f, Let-7g, miR-98 and the low expression level of miR-202 was associated with better OS for breast cancer patients (P<0.05).We further assessed the prognostic value of Let-7 in different subtypes and clinical stage.The expression of Let-7a, Let-7b, Let-7f, Let-7g, miR-98, miR-202 was related to clinical stage (P<0.05).Let-7a, Let-7b, Let-7c, Let-7e, Let-7f, Let-7g, miR-98 and miR-202 was related to lymph node status (P<0.05).In triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC), with breast cancer subtype, the expression of Let-7b, Let-7c, Let-7g and miR-202 was significantly correlated to overall survival (P<0.05).Conclusion The Let-7 is significantly correlated with OS in breast cancer patients.The results suggested that members of the Let-7 have different values in predicting the prognosis of breast cancer.Among them, Let-7b, Let-7g and miR-202 are closely related with clinical stage and TNBC, and might promote development of Let-7 as targeted inhibitors for the treatment of breast cancer.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817790

ABSTRACT

@#:【Objective】Toinvestigatetheeffectsofinterleukin-17(IL-17)ontheproliferationandmigrationof bronchialsmoothmusclecells(BSMC)andtheroleofJAK/STAT3signalingpathwayinthisprocess.【Methods】BSMC weretreatedwithdifferentconcentrationsofIL-17fordifferenttimestodeterminethebestoftheexperimentalcondition. ThenMTTassaywasusedtodetectcellviability.CellproliferationstatesweredetectedbyBrdUstaining,andthecell cyclewasassessedbyPIstainingusingaflowcytometer.Transwellcellmigrationassaywasfurtherusedtodetectcell migrationability.TheexpressionofJAK,p-JAK,STAT3andp-STAT3inBSMCafterbeingtreatedwithIL-17was detectedbyWesternblotting.JAK/STAT3signalingpathwayspecificblockerAG490wasusedtoinvestigatetheroleof JAK/STAT3signalingpathwayinIL-17-inducedBSMCproliferationandmigration.TheeffectsofIL-17oncellproliferation, migration and JAK/STAT3 signaling pathway related protein expression were evaluated after blocking the JAK/STAT3 signaling.【Results】IL-17enhancedtheproliferation(P<0.05),promotedthecellcycletransitions(P<0.05)andsig⁃nificantlyincreasesthemigrationability(P<0.05)inBSMC.ThisprocesswasaccompaniedbytheenhancementofJAK/ STAT3signalingpathwayinBSMC(P<0.05).InhibitionofJAK/STAT3signalingpathwayalleviatedBSMCproliferation andmigrationinducedbyIL-17(P<0.05) .【Conclusions】JAK/STAT3signalingpathwayparticipatesinthestimulation processofIL-17ontheproliferationandmigrationofBSMC.AG490inhibitstheenhancementofJAK/STAT3signaling pathwayinBSMCinducedbyinterleukin-17.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775354

ABSTRACT

To construct CRISPR/Cas9 vectors for the editing of SmPAL1 in the phenylpropane metabolic pathway of Salvia miltiorrhiza, CIRSPR/Cas9 target sites of SmPAL1 were designed by online software. Its target efficiencies were detected in vitro by enzyme digestion and sequences with highly efficiency were constructed into CRISPR/Cas9 vectors. Three possible CRISPR target sequences (SmPAL1-g1, SmPAL1-g2, SmPAL1-g3) were designed and the enzyme digestion efficiencies were 53.3%, 76.6% and 10.0%. SmPAL1-g1 and SmPAL1-g2 were constructed into vector VK005-03 named as VK005-03-g1 and VK005-03-g2. The results of sequencing showed that the two CRISPR/Cas target sequences were all constructed into VK005-03. Here we first laid the foundation for the study of SmPAL1 and provided an effective strategy for the screening of sgRNA.


Subject(s)
CRISPR-Cas Systems , Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats , Metabolic Networks and Pathways , Genetics , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Chemistry , Genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692280

ABSTRACT

A new derivative of ordered mesoporous carbon (GSH-CMK-3) has been prepared by chemical modification and functionalization of ordered mesoporous carbon with glutathione. The composite was fully characterized by means of Fourier transforming infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscope (SEM) image and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). GSH-CMK-3 showed favorable chemical stability, thermal stability and excellent adsorption performance toward Cd2+and a maximum adsorption capacity of 87.87 mg/g was achieved. The adsorption kinetic follows pseudo-second-order adsorption model. In a sequential injection mini-column separation system, 0. 006 mol/L sulfourea (in 0. 2 mol/L HNO3) was adopted as eluent and the elution efficiency was 96%. With a sample volume of 1000 μL and 50 μL of eluate, an enrichment factor of 17.3 was obtained. A procedure for on-line selective separation and preconcentration of trace Cd2+was developed by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Along with a detection limit of 1.9 ng/L (n=7,3σ) and a linear range of 0.05-0.20 μg/L, a RSD of 2.9% (n=13,100 ng/L) was achieved. The method was validated by analyzing Cd2+in a certified reference material GBW08608.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1069-1073, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266860

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common congenital malformations with high mortality and morbidity. The prevalence of CHD reported previously ranged from 4 per 1000 live births to 50 per 1000 live births. In this cross-sectional study, we aimed to document the prevalence of CHD in Langfang district of Hebei Province, China by analyzing data collected by hospitals located in 11 the counties of the district, as supported by a public health campaign.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 67,718 consecutive 3-month-old infants were included from July 19, 2012 to July 18, 2014. Structural abnormalities were diagnosed based on echocardiography findings, including two-dimensional and color Doppler echocardiography results.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the 67,718 infants, 1554 were found to have cardiac structural abnormalities. The total prevalence of CHD was 22.9 per 1000 live births, a value significantly higher than the previously reported prevalence of 8 cases per 1000 live births. The top five most common cardiac abnormalities were as follows: atrial septal defect (ASD, 605 cases, 8.93‰); ventricular septal defect (550 cases, 8.12‰); patent ductus arteriosus (228 cases, 3.37‰); pulmonary stenosis (66 cases, 0.97‰); and tetralogy of Fallot (32 cases, 0.47‰). The CHD prevalence differed by gender in this study ( χ2 = 23.498,P < 0.001), and the majority of ASD cases were females. Regional differences in prevalence were also found ( χ2 = 24.602,P < 0.001); a higher prevalence was found in urban areas (32.2 cases per 1000 live births) than in rural areas (21.1 cases per 1000 live births). There was a significant difference in the prevalence of CHD in preterm versus full-term infants ( χ2 = 133.443,P < 0.001). Prevalence of CHD in infants of maternal aged 35 years or over was significantly higher ( χ2 = 86.917,P < 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The prevalence of CHD in Langfang district was within the range reported using echocardiography. Echocardiography can be used to early diagnose the CHD.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Ductus Arteriosus , Pathology , Echocardiography , Female , Heart Defects, Congenital , Pathology , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial , Pathology , Humans , Male , Prevalence , Pulmonary Valve Stenosis , Pathology , Tetralogy of Fallot , Pathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304315

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the diagnostic value of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in cervical spondylotic myelopathy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty healthy volunteers and fifty patients with cervical spondylotic myelopathy underwent DTI in the Affiliated Hospital of Medical College of Ningbo University from January 2014 to April 2015. Healthy volunteers served as controls. Fifty patients were divided into three groups (group A , B, C) according to cervical MRI scan standard. Group A (17 cases) had only the dura mater spinalis compressed; Group B (23 cases) showed the cervical spinal cord compressed, but no high signal in it; Group C (10 cases) had the cervical spinal cord compressed with high signal in the same level. The average apparent diffusion coefficients(ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA)values in these examinee were analyzed and all subjects were performed fiber tracking.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no statistically significant differences in ADC and FA values in C2/C3, C3/C4, C4/C5, C5/C6, C6/C7 of control group (P>0.05). The average ADC and FA values in control group were (0.875 +/- 0.096) x10(3) mm2/s and 0.720 +/- 0.051, respectively; compared with group A,there was no statistically significant difference; compared with group B and C, there was significant difference; comparison among group A, B, C, there was significant differences.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DTI can early and accurately quantify the changes of microstructure in cervical spondylotic myelopathy. Fiber tracking can show the damage range of spinal cord lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Cervical Vertebrae , Diagnostic Imaging , Diffusion Tensor Imaging , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Radiography , Spinal Cord Diseases , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Spondylosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Young Adult
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304306

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore CT and MRI manifestations of the axial area peripheral primitive neuroectodermal tumors (pPNETs) in order to improve the knowledge of this disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 10 patients with pPNETs underwent pathologically confirmed were retrospectively analyzed from October 2008 to May 2014. There were 7 males and 3 females, aged from 8 to 49 years old with median of 23.6 years. The preoperative multi-slice spiral CT scan was completed in 3 cases, plain CT scan and enhancement in 4 cases; MRI and enhancement scanning in 5 cases; and among them, 2 cases underwent both MRI and CT scan.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In-bone type was found 6 cases and out-bone type was found 4 cases. Three cases occurred in sacral vertebrae, 2 cases in lumbar vertebrae, 1 case in cervical vertebrae, 1 case in cervical spinal canal, 1 case in coccyx, 1 case in the right iliac bone, 1 case in presacral space. Cross sectional the smallest tumor maximum level was 1.1 cmx 1.2 cm in size, the biggest tumor was 8.0 cm x 9.2 cm, the median size was 4.4 cm x 5.7 cm, of them, the tumor of maximal diameter larger than 5 cm had 6 cases. Except 2 cases-without destruction of bone, the other 5 cases with osteolytic destruction, 2 cases with calcification, 1 case with mixed. Equidensite was main in CT scan, 1 case with uniform density, other 6 cases with uneven density,in which 3 cases with "floating ice" change; 1 case with moderate strengthening, other 3 cases with obviously strengthening, 2 cases with multiple small blood vessels in enhancement scanning. MRI of 5 cases showed the signal of isointensity on T1WI, the slightly high signal on T2WI and the signal was not uniform; after enhancement scan, the signal of 5 cases obviously enhanced. Two patients complicated with vertebral compression fractures, no periosteal reaction was found in all patients, and no the destruction of intervertebral disk was found in 5 patients of MRI scan.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The axial area pPNETs is common among children and the youth, and the mass often is huge. The mass of in-bone type often envelopes the vertebral body, and main located on prevertebral space, all associated with bone destruction, osteolytic destruction is common, and primary vertebral bodies also is common, attachment primary or involvement is few found, it can involve the spinal canal and anterior wall of spinal canal is common, some cases complicate with multiple newly born small vessels. The mass of out-hone type in deep soft tissue is common, minority primary spinal canal, many complicated with vertebral bone destruction, osteolytic destruction was main. The intervertebral disk was not invaded and intervertebral space has not stenosis. CT scan offer complicate with "floating ice" sign, and in-bone type is common. Isointensity is main on MRI TlWI and slightly longer signal is main on MRI T2WI, strengthening signal is obvious.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Imaging , Radionuclide Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1269-1274, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246777

ABSTRACT

The PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway plays a central role in cell growth, proliferation and survival in physiological conditions. This signal pathway is considered to be an innovative targeted therapy of cancer, and its abnormal activation has been proved to be related to T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) .Despite improved treatment strategies, such as multi-drug combination, high-dose chemotherapy and all kinds of application and popularization of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, children with drug resistance or relapse T-ALL are still rather worse and its overall outcome and prognosis are much poorer than the more common B-lineage ALL. Therefore, more effective and less cytotoxic treatment targeted strategies for leukemia greatly needed. This review focuses on the relationship between the PI3k/Akt/mTOR pathway and the pediatric T-ALL, so as to reveal the exact molecular mechanism of T-ALL and provide more directions for its treatment.


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Child , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Signal Transduction , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 360-366, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251770

ABSTRACT

The first genetic linkage map of Salvia miltiorrhiza was constructed in 94 F1 individuals from an intraspecific cross by using simple sequence repeat (SSR), sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) and inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. A total of 93 marker loci in the linkage map, consisting of 53 SSR, 38 SRAP and 2 ISSR locus were made up of eight linkage groups, covered a total length of 400.1 cm with an average distance of 4.3 cm per marker. The length of linkage groups varied from 3.3 -132 cm and each of them included 2-23 markers, separately. The result will provide important basis for QTL mapping, map-based cloning and association studies for commercially important traits in S. miltiorrhiza.


Subject(s)
Chromosome Mapping , Genetic Linkage , Genetic Markers , Microsatellite Repeats , Polymorphism, Genetic , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345222

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the diagnostic value of 3D-indirectmagnetic resonance (MR) arthrography in detecting meniscustears of the knees.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Form January 2013 to January 2014, routine plain MR of the knees followed by the 3D-indirect MR arthrography was performed in 42 patients with suspected meniscal tears clinically. There were 31 males and 11 females, with an average age of 38.4 years old (ranged, 21 to 67 years old). The duration of the course ranged from 2 h to 15 d. The clinical symptom was knee pain. All the patients got subsequently arthroscopic examination or operation. The sensitivity and specificity of routine plain MR and 3D-indirect MR arthrography were compared based on the results of arthroscopic examination or operation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The signal intensity in the area of meniscal tears on image of 3D-indirect MR arthrography was obviously higher than that of routine plain MR. The sensitivity of 3D-indirect MR arthrography was 85.79% (87/102), while the routine plain MR was 52.94% (54/102), and the specificity improved from 67.78%(61/90) to 86.67%(78/90). The difference was statistically significant (χ2 = 25.90, P < 0.01; χ2 = 9.13, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In comparison with the routine plain MR findings, 3D-indirect MR arthrography demonstrates meniscus tears of the knee with the better sensitivity and specificity.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Arthrography , Methods , Female , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Methods , Knee Injuries , Diagnosis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Methods , Male , Middle Aged , Tibial Meniscus Injuries
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-240967

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the mechanism of pseudo-tears of the lateral meniscus caused by the transverse geniculate ligament (TL) and the miniscofemoral ligament(MFL) and to investigate a method to differentiate pseudo-tears from true tear of the lateral meniscus.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Form June 2012 to February 2014, MR examinations of 72 knees (44 left knees and 28 right knees) without tear of the lateral meniscus verified by arthroscopy were performed in the sagittal and coronal plane. There were 41 males and 31 females in the group, with an average age of 33.7 years old (ranged from 25 to 61). The MR appearance of the TL and the MFL was carefully observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There existed fatty tissue in the gap between the TL and the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus and its central tendinous attachment. On the sagittal images, the fatty tissue formed a linear high-signal cleft between the TL and the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus. This might be mistaken as an oblique tear within the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus. It was called as pseudo-tears of the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus. In sagittal plane, the MFL was identified as a circle-like or short stick-like area of low signal intensity anterior or posterior to the posterior cruciateligament. Nevertheless, a belt-shaped area of low signal intensity from the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus to lateral facet of the medial femoral condyle was identified in the coronal plane. A linear area of high signal intensity between the MFL and the lateral meniscus was found in sagittal plane, which might be mistaken as an oblique tear within the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus. It was called pseudo-tears of the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus. The occurrence rate of the TL was 34.7% (25/72). The prevaleribe of pseudo-tears of the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus was 18 cases. The shape of the anterior horn of the lateral meniscus was regular, and the course of the pseudo-tears cleft was oblique. The occurrence rate of the MFL was 73.6% (53/72), which included the anterior MFL 23.6% (17/72), the posterior MFL 70.8% (51/72) and the two ligaments coexisted 16.7% (12/72). The prevalence of pseudo-tears of the posterior horn of the lateral meniscus was 25 cases. All observed pseudo-tears had either in posteroinferiorly oblique direction (19/25) or in vertical direction (6/25).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Based on the location and direction of pseudo-tears and observation in the continuous sagittal plane and the coronal plane, pseudo-tears is easily differentiated from the true tear of the lateral meniscus</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Knee Injuries , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Knee Joint , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Menisci, Tibial , Diagnostic Imaging , General Surgery , Middle Aged , Radiography , Tibial Meniscus Injuries
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-636067

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the relationship between carotid artery plagues and the clinical risk factors in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 by observing the ultrasonic characteristics of carotid atherosclerosis plagues.Methods The ultrasound results of carotid arteries in 665 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 from January 2009 to December 2011 in Beijing Amery General Hospital were retrospectively analyzed.The location and quantity of carotid atherosclerotic plaques were observed .The relationship between the occurrence and risk factors of diabetes such as hypertension ,family history of diabetes and age were analyzed.Single factor and multi-factor analysis were applied for the related risk factors .Results The ultrasonography showed 405 cases of carotid artery plaques.Most carotid artery plaques were located in the posterior wall of carotid sinus and were hyperechoic ,hypoechoic or isoechoic.The single factor analysis showed hypertension,family history of diabetes and age are risk factors of carotid atherosclerosis (χ2 =42.322,9.682 and 140.658,all P<0.01).Multi-factor logistic regression analysis showed age was an independent risk factor of carotid atherosclerosis in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2.The risk factors scores of patients who were less than 45 years,45-65 years and over 65 years of age were (3.50 ±1.16)scores,(3.46 ±0. 92)scores and (3.21 ±0.88)scores,and the difference was statistically significant (F=5.781,P<0.001). There were significant differences between risk factors scores of different age groups ( t =2.084,2.002, 3.786,3.474,2.877 and 2.504,all P<0.05).In patients more than 65 years of age,the risk of atherosclerosis plaques is 28.732 times higher than that of patients less than 45 years of age.After controlling the age factor,the possibility of atherosclerosis plaque increased 1.201 times for each additional one point of score. Conclusions Most carotid artery plaques in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 are located in the posterior wall of carotid sinus and are hyperechoic ,hypoechoic or isoechoic.Age is an independent risk factor for the formation of carotid plaque.Patients more than 45 years of age should undergo early intervention to avoid the occurrence of major vascular complications .

14.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 855-859, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277983

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To retrospectively analyze the safety and efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy combined with pharmacologic thrombolysis to treat non-acute and symptomatic portal vein thrombosis (PVT) using an intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (IPS) assisted by percutaneous transhepatic approach.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From April 2006 to May 2012, 18 patients with non-acute and symptomatic PVT were treated with balloon dilation, sheath-directed thrombus aspiration and continuous infusion of urokinase using the IPS assisted by percutaneous transhepatic approach. The significance of differences in the portosystemic gradient measured before and after therapy was assessed by paired samples t-test, and survival analysis was made by the Kaplan-Meier method.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>IPS was successfully created in all patients. The mean duration of the thrombolytic therapy was 65.3 +/- 29.5 h, and the mean concentration of urokinase used for the thrombolysis was 2324000 +/- 945000 U. Comparison of the mean portosystemic gradients showed a significant improvement in response to the therapy (before: 33.8 +/- 4.9 mm Hg vs. after: 15.4 +/- 2.1 mm Hg; P less than 0.001). The overall rate of clinical improvement was 94.4%. One patient died on day 2 post-therapy and another two patients experienced mild hepatic encephalopathy or right hemothorax, respectively, on day 5 post-therapy, with conservative medical management achieving complete recovery for both. The mean follow-up time was 18.6 +/- 17.5 months, during which only one patient died and five others experienced shunt dysfunction; all remaining patients showed maintenance of shunt patency without symptoms of recurrence.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mechanical thrombectomy combined with pharmacologic thrombolysis via the IPS assisted by percutaneous transhepatic approach is a safe and effective therapeutic option for patients with non-acute and symptomatic PVT.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Portal Vein , Portasystemic Shunt, Surgical , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Thrombolytic Therapy , Venous Thrombosis , Therapeutics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250744

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the accuracy of three measurements of lower extremity length during total hip arthroplasty(THA),and explore the causes that influence the accuracy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2010 to January 2013,145 patients underwent THA were retrospectively analyzed. There were 66 males and 79 females,ranging in age from 48 to 89 years with an average of 66.7 years. Their lower extremities were measured by three methods during operation,among them,31 cases with reference method of contralaterallegs (A method) ,63 cases with measurement method of Kirschner wire location (B method), and other 51 cases with measurement method of anatomical landmark (C method). The accuracy of the three measurements and the incidence rate of length inequality of lower extremity were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up,there was no significant differences in the operation time and the intraoperative blood loss among three groups. The difference of lower extremity length with A,B,C method were respectively (8.7+/-5.7),(3.1+/-2.6), (5.6+/-5.3) mm after operation; there were significant difference between any two groups. The accuracy of three methods from high to low were respectively B,C,A method. The incidence rate of length inequality of lower extremity with A, B, C method were respectively 32.3%, 1.6%, 11.8%, the incidence rate with A method was higher than that other two methods ; and there was no significant difference between B method and C method.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The measurement method of Kirschner wire location has the best accuracy in the three methods and the measurement method of anatomical landmark is the second. The measurement method of Kirschner wire location is recommended in all THA except for the patients with femoral neck fracture. And the measurement method of anatomical landmark can be used in the patients with femoral neck fracture.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Methods , Female , Humans , Leg Length Inequality , Epidemiology , Lower Extremity , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232274

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the association between parental genetic polymorphism of methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C/T and occurrence of nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate (NSCL/P) in offspring in Shandong Province.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>MTHFR genotypes were determined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Parents of 89 NSCL/P patients treated at Qilu Hospital from August, 2006 to August, 2008 and those of 64 healthy children were recruited in this case-control study.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Frequencies of T and C alleles in mothers of patients and healthy children were 65.73% and 46.09%, and 34.27% and 53.91%, respectively (Chi-square=13.663, P<0.01). Offspring whose mothers had T alleles were 2.243 times more likely to develop NSCL/P (95%CI: 1.408-3.572). Frequencies of T and C alleles in fathers of patients and healthy children were 62.92% and 55.47%, and 37.08% and 44.53%, respectively (Chi-square=2.222, P>0.05). The chance for parents of the patient and control groups to bear an affected fetus carrying homozygous mutations were 43% and 29%, respectively (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>In Shandong Province, maternal genotype for the MTHFR 677C/T polymorphism has a significant impact on the occurrence of NSCL/P in their offspring, whilst paternal genotype for this polymorphism may not be a risk factor for NSCL/P in their offspring.</p>


Subject(s)
Alleles , Case-Control Studies , Child , Cleft Lip , Genetics , Cleft Palate , Genetics , Female , Genotype , Homozygote , Humans , Male , Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase (NADPH2) , Genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 306-311, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-333497

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has emerged as the major cause of chronic liver injury. Intestinal barrier plays an important role in the pathogenis of NAFLD. The aim of this article was to assess intestinal immune barrier function during the development of NAFLD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally 60 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were divided into 2 groups: normal diet (ND) group and high-fat diet (HFD) group. NAFLD rat model was established in the HFD rat group. Portal blood endotoxin level was assessed by limulus test. The percentage of CD4+ cells and CD8+ cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and lymphocytes in Peyer's patches (PP) were analysed by flow cytometry. Intestinal secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) level was evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Paired Student's t test was used for the statistic analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>HFD rats presented with simple steatosis at the 4th and 8th week and progressed to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis at the 12th week. Elevated lipopolysaccharides (LPS) level in HFD rats was observed at the 8th week ((1.54 ± 0.30) times of ND group, P < 0.01). CD4/CD8 ratios in PBMC and PP of HFD rats were increased at the 4th week ((1.50 ± 0.47) and (1.63 ± 0.34) times of ND group, P < 0.05) and decreased at the 8th week ((0.50 ± 0.16) and (0.61 ± 0.26) times of ND group, P < 0.05). At the 12th week, CD4/CD8 ratio ((1.47 ± 0.46) times, P < 0.05) in PP increased to levels observed in the 4th week. Intestinal SIgA expression of HFD rats was remarkably up-regulated at 12th week ((2.70 ± 1.65) times, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Liver-gut axis in rats with NAFLD may mediate and improve intestinal immune function by increased CD4/CD8 ratio in PP and increased production of SIgA.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Allergy and Immunology , Diet, High-Fat , Disease Models, Animal , Fatty Liver , Allergy and Immunology , Immunoglobulin A, Secretory , Allergy and Immunology , Intestines , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 915-919, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246763

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the efficacies of portal vein stenting and transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) combined therapy performed with or without endovascular implantation of iodine-125 (125I) seeds strand in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and main portal vein tumor thrombus (MPVTT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One-hundred-and-six patients with HCC complicated by MPVTT who were treated with portal vein stents and TACE, either with (Group A, n=56) or without (Group B, n=50) endovascular implantation of 125I seeds strand, between July 2005 and April 2011, were retrospectively analyzed. Overall survival, stent patency, and procedure-related adverse events were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The technical success rate was 100% for placement of 125I seeds strands and stents in the obstructed main portal vein. No serious procedure-related adverse events were recorded. Group A had significantly higher median survival (335 days vs. group B: 146 days; P=0.001, hazard ratio (HR)=2.244). Additionally, group A had significantly higher median stent patency (400 days vs. group B: 190 days; P=0.005, HR=2.479).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The combination therapeutic strategy of portal vein stenting and TACE with endovascular implantation of 125I seeds strands improves the survival of HCC patients with MPVTT complication.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Therapeutics , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic , Combined Modality Therapy , Female , Humans , Iodine Radioisotopes , Therapeutic Uses , Liver Neoplasms , Therapeutics , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating , Portal Vein , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Venous Thrombosis , Therapeutics
19.
Chinese Pharmaceutical Journal ; (24): 1257-1262, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-860669

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To prepare levamisole ferulate (LF) and investigate its effects on the immune function of mice with low immunity, thus to provide basic evidence for regulation of the immune status of animals and improvement of body's defense. METHODS: LF was synthesized by levamisole hydrochloride and sodium ferulate. The model of immune inhibited mice was established by intraperitoneal injection with cyclophosphamide (CTX). In order to verify and compare the effect of immune enhancement, a series of parameters were determined such as the immune organ index, the serum IgA, IgG and IgM in cyclophosphamide-induced-immunosu-pressed mice. RESULTS: The product was obtained and its yield was 80.49%. The identification of the product was done by means of elemental analysis, TLC, UV-Vis, IR and ESI-MS. LF significantly increased the contents of IgM and IgG in cyclophosphamide-in-duced-immunosupressed mice and improved the thymus and spleen indexes. CONCLUSION: This synthetic technique is simple and feasible. LF can significantly regulate the immune function in mice. Copyright 2012 by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272602

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the situation of quality of life (QOL) of nurses working in night shifts and the major factors influencing the QOL, and to provide scientific basis of the further effective intervention for the quality of life.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The nurses working in night shift were sampled randomly in Grade 3A-hospitals of Tianjin, and investigated using WHO Quality of Life-BREF Scale.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Three hundred eighty five questionnaires were collected from 398 questionnaires. The average score of subjective QOL perception was 2.90 (the full score is 5), subjective health perception was 2.64 (the full score is 5). The score of physical domain of QOL was 13.21 +/- 2.18; psychological domain of QOL was 13.38 +/- 2.28; social domain of QOL was 14.71 +/- 2.32; environmental domain of QOL was 11.36 +/- 2.31, all of which were significantly lower than norm value (P<0.01). The results analyzed by ordinal logistic regression showed that the factors affecting physical domain of QOL were years of working experience, sleep time, gastrointestinal disorders, family harmony status and regular diet; the factors affecting psychological domain of QOL were family harmony status and gastrointestinal disorders; the factors affecting social domain of QOL were the nature of nursing work and family harmony status; the factors affecting environmental domain of QOL were job title, sleep time, gastrointestinal disorders and regular diet.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The QOL of nurses working in night shifts is lower than that of general people. The corresponding measures should be taken to raise the quality of life of nurses in night shifts.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Nurses , Psychology , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Work Schedule Tolerance , Young Adult
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