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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1394-1402, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922271

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of glycolytic enzyme pyruvate kinase type 2 (PKM2) on the proliferation and apoptosis of human leukemia HL-60 cells.@*METHODS@#si-PKM2 plasmid was transfected into HL-60 cells (set as si-PKM2 group), and blank vector transfected cells were set as control group (si-Ctl group). The expression levels of PKM2 mRNA and protein in si-Ctl group and si-PKM2 group were detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. CCK-8 cell detection kit was used to detect the proliferation ability of the cells in the two groups. Flow cytometry was used to detect the changes of cell cycle and apoptosis. Western blot and RT-qPCR were used to detect the changes of p-Akt and p-mTOR protein levels in PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and the changes of glycolysis-related mRNA levels of the cells in the two groups. The changes in glucose consumption and lactic acid production of the cells were assayed. Over expressed PKM2, HL-60 cells were treated with PI3K inhibitor LY294002 or galactose, the changes in cell proliferation ability, cell cycle and apoptosis, as well as changes in glucose consumption and lactic acid production were detected.@*RESULTS@#Interfered by si-PKM2, mRNA and protein levels of PKM2 in si-PKM2 group significantly decreased, and proliferation ability of the cells was also reduced (P<0.05). After PKM2 knockdown, the cells were significantly blocked at G@*CONCLUSION@#PKM2 knockdown can inhibit the proliferation and induce apoptosis of HL-60 cells, and its molecular mechanism may be related to the PKM2-mediated PI3K/Akt/mTOR-glycolysis, which suggesting that PKM2 may serve as a molecular target for the prevention and treatment of leukemia.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Glycolysis , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Pyruvate Kinase
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880102

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of long non-coding RNA-TUC338 on the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells.@*METHODS@#The expression of TUC338 in different lymphoma cells was detected by fluorescence quantitative PCR, cell proliferation by sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay, migration of lymphoma cells by transwell assay, and protein expression in PI3K/AKT signaling pathway by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of TUC338 in lymphoma cells Daudi, U937, BC-3, and Raji significantly increased in comparison with human normal T lymphocytes H9 (t=13.277, 10.103, 16.200, and 26.687, P=0.002, 0.005, 0.001, and 0.000). Compared with NC-siRNA group, the number of cells crossing the chamber of TUC338-siRNA group was significantly reduced (t=30.508, P=0.000), the protein expression levels of p-PI3K and p-AKT significantly decreased (t=16.872 and 18.371, P=0.000 and 0.000), and OD@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of TUC338 significantly increases in lymphoma cells, and silence of TUC338 effectively inhibits the activation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway, thereby inhibiting the proliferation and migration of lymphoma cells, which has a potential application value in diagnosis and treatment of lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Signal Transduction
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827192

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of Circ_cgga162 in serum of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) patients and analyze its potential as a prognostic biomarker.@*METHODS@#The expression of Circ_cgga162 in 86 cases of mantle cell lymphoma and 50 cases of lymph node reactive hyperplasia (RH) were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The relationship between the expression of Circ_cgga162 and clinicopathological features was analyzed by univariate analysis. The relationship of Circ_cgga162 expression with progression-free survival time and overall survival time was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier. The relationship between expression of Circ_cgga162 and prognosis of patients was analyzed by univariate and multivariate analysis.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of Circ_cgga162 in MCL patients was significantly higher than that in control (RH) group (P<0.01). The expression of Circ_cgga162 not correlated with age, gender, B symptoms and LDH (all P>0.05), but correlated with the expression of MCL International Prognostic Index (IPI), Ann Arbor stage, bone marrow infiltration and Ki67 (all P<0.05). In addition, Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the progression-free survival time and overall survival time of the MCL patients with high expression of Circ_cgga162 were significantly shorter than those of the MCL patients with low expression (P<0.01). Univariate analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage, Circ_cgga162 expression, MIPI, bone marrow infiltration and Ki67 were the prognostic factors for MCL patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that Ann Arbor stage, Circ_cgga162 expression and MIPI were independent factors affecting the prognosis of MCL patients (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Circ_cgga162 is highly expressed in serum of patients MCL, which relates with the prognosis of MCL patients. Circ_cgga162 can be used as a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for MCL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , RNA, Circular , Genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694106

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relations of absolute lymphocyte counts (ALC) to the therapeutic responses in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) after the first course of decitabine (DAC) treatment.Methods Clinical data of 35 patients with MDS and MDS-derived secondary acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who were admitted in the Affiliated Hospital of Hebei University from Jan.2014 to Dec.2016 and treated with DAC were included in the present study.The patients were grouped into high lymphocyte group (H-Lym,ALC ≥ 1.2 × 109/L) and low lymphocyte group (L-Lym,ALC<1.2 × 109/L) based on the ALC in days 28-35 after the first course of DAC treatment.The baseline data of both groups were compared with Pearson x2 analysis,while t test was used to analyze the changes of lymphocyte number before and after the first course of DAC treatment.Progressionfree survival (PFS) was estimated with Kaplan-Meier method,and the cumulative survival (CS) was compared between the two groups using log-rank test.Results Of the 35 patients,15 were in H-Lym group and 20 in L-Lym group.No significant difference existed in the baseline lymphocyte levels between the two groups (P>0.05).The statistically significant differences (P<0.05) existed only in the patients of the two groups who were with the proportion of bone marrow blasts ≥ 10%.The ALC in H-Lym group were slightly higher after the first course of DAC treatment than that at the time of diagnosis,but with no statistically significant (P>0.05).However,the ALC in L-Lym group were significantly lower after the first course of DAC treatment than that at the time of diagnosis (P<0.05).Patients had higher overall response rate (ORR) in H-Lym group than in L-Lym group (80% vs.40%,P<0.05).The median PFS was 10 months in H-Lym group and 7.6 months in L-Lym group (P<0.05).Univariate analysis showed that the low ALC was a poor prognostic factor for the progression ofMDS (P<0.05).Conclusion Patients with ALC ≥ 1.2 × 109/L after the first course of DAC treatment will have better ORR and longer PFS.

5.
Basic & Clinical Medicine ; (12): 255-259, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693881

ABSTRACT

Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) is definded as a group of clonal hematological malignancies characterized by bone marrow (BM) ineffective.hematopoiesis and increases risk for progression to acute myeloid leukemia. The altered BM mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) play a pivotal role in the evolution and propagation of MDS. Com-pared to normal MSCs, MSCs in MDS often exhibit altered Cytogenetic, epigenetic, differentiation and functional properties, moreover, high MSCs density is associated with poor prognostic factors, which translated into a signifi-cantly diminished ability to support normal hematopoiesis, facilitates survival of malignant hematopoietic cells, ulti-mately promote disease progression and transform to acute myeloid leukemia.Therefore, characterization of key steps in the pathogenesis of MDS will lead to new approaches to treat patients with this disease.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690977

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the relationship of DNA methyltransferase 1 ( DNMT1 ) with hematopoietic cell phosphatase (SHP-1) gene expression and promoter 2 methylation status in cell line K562.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The promoter sequence of SHP-1 gene promoter 2 in NCBI database was analyzed, the K562 cells were transfected with the lentiviral plasmids-the specified retroviral vector psiHIV-mU6-shDNMT1 and psiHIV-mU6-mcherryFP-control. The methylation status of SHP-1 gene promoter 2 in K562 cells was detected by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MSP) and bisulfite-modified sequencing (BSP). Western blot was used to detect the protein expression level of SHP-1 and DNMT1, the SYBR Green fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression of SHP-1 mRNA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>It was found that the promoter 2 of SHP-1 gene located between -577 bp to +300 bp, and 22 CpG sites contained between -353 bp-+182 bp were aberrantly hypermethylated and the SHP-1 could not be detected in K562 cells. In vitro, the detection demonstrated that the expression level of DNMT1 in K562 cells transfected with psiHIV-mU6-shDNMT1 was 0.48±0.06 significantly lower than that of psiHIV-mU6-control group (1.33±0.19)(t= 4.18, P<0.05). The expression of SHP-1 mRNA in K562 cells transfected with psiHIV-mU6-shDNMT1 was significantly higher than that in K562 cells transfected with psiHIV-mU6-shDNMT1 (14.23±3.83 vs 1.031±0.156)(P<0.01). DNMT1 silencing induced demethylation of the 22 CpG sites located in the SHP-1 promoter 2, and SHP-1 gene was re-expression in K562 cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The DNMT1 in K562 cells relates with the hypermethylation and silencing of SHP-1 promoter in K562 cells.</p>


Subject(s)
CpG Islands , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , DNA Methylation , Humans , K562 Cells , Promoter Regions, Genetic , RNA, Messenger , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690933

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of LncRNA KCNQ1OT1 in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and to analyze the relation of LncRNA KCNQ1OT1 expression levels with clinicopathological features.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 68 patients with AML were enrolled in the study, 48 out of them were suffered from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and 20 reached to complete remission (CR), 30 age-matched patients with iron-deficient anemia were included in control group, the peripheral blood samples of all the patients were collected, and the real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of LncRNA KCNQ1OT1, meanwhile, the correlation of its expression with clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of LncRNA KCNQ1OT1 in AML patients was significantly higher than that in the patient with complete remission and iron-deficient anemia (F=14.67, P<0.01). The expression of LncRNA KCNQ1OT1 was not significantly different between 20 cases of AML-CR and 30 cases of iron-deficient anemia (P>0.05). The expression of LncRNA KCNQ1OT1 was associated with NCCN risk grade and survival status in patients with AML. The median overall survival time was significantly shorter in patients with high expression of LncRNA KCNQ1OT1 than that in patients with low expression(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>LncRNA KCNQ1OT1 may be involved in the regulation of AML. Expression of LncRNA KCNQ1OT1 and NCCN risk score can be used as biomarkers of prognosis in the patients with AML and may be a potential prognostic marker and therapeutic target for AML patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated , Prognosis , RNA, Long Noncoding , Remission Induction
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689548

ABSTRACT

Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) comprise a group of malignant hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) disorders characterized by ineffective hematopoiesis. The risk of transformation to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is increasing. The initiating event in HSC of MDS leads to a growth advantage and subsequent clonal expansion, that is still poorly understood. Accumulating data indicate that the mesenchymal stem cells(MSCs) in MDS model display aberrant characteristics contributing to disease initiation and transformation into AML. MSC derived from MDS displayed the alteration in genetics, epigenetics and gene expression, which contribute to altered morphology, impaired proliferative and differentiation capacity and perturbed cytokine secretions, thus destroy in their ability to support normal hematopoiesis and contribute to malignant progression. A number of promising agents that target the interactions of the MDS clone with MSC are currently investigated in various phases of clinical trial, that might ultimately result in novel therapeutic strategies, targeting niche cells to attenuate leukemic progression. In this article, the current status of MDS treatment, the characteristics of MDS-MSC senescence and phenotypes, the changes of hematopoietic function sapported by senescent MDS-MSC, the significane of MDS-MSC in MDS prognosis and the MDS-MSC as potential target for treatment of MDS are summarized.


Subject(s)
Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689540

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of absolute lymphocyte count(ALC) before start of the first cycle of consolidation chemotherapy(CC) on the relapse free survival in the patients with acute myeloid leukemia(AML), so as to explore a simple and easy method for predicting AML relapse.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 132 patients with newly diagnosed AML (all non-acute promyelotic leukemia) from 2011 to 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. The 132 AML patients were treated with standard induction chemotherapy (IC) and consolidation chemotherapy (CC). According to lymphocyte count of patients before start of the first cycle of CC, the AML patients were divided into 2 group: high lymphocyte count group (H-Lym≥1.2×10/L) and low lymphocyte count group (L-Lym<1.2×10/L). The differences in ralapse rate and relapse-free survival between 2 groups were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 132 patients with AML, patients who could be valuated and were elicible for the study accounted for 65 (49.24%). The absolute leukocyte count, age, chromosome karyotypes before IC of patients did not show statistical difference between H-Lym group (40 cases) and L-Lym group (25 cases). Unvarvate analysis showed that the Low lymphocyte count and unfavorable chromosome karyotypes were poor prognostic factors for the relapse-free survival time, and there was significant difference between 2 groups (P<0.01). The relapse risk in patients of L-Lym group increased, the hazard ratio (HR)=3.01 (95% CI=1.55-4.98) (P<0.01). In multivariate analysis containing unfavorable prognostic karyotypes, this trend still existed (HR=2.52, 95% CI 1.28-9.98)(P<0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The AML patients with high lymphocyte count before the first CC have more long relapse free survival time suggesting that the lymphocyte count before the first CC may be prognostic factor for relapse free survival of AML patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Consolidation Chemotherapy , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Lymphocyte Count , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1147-1150, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-301761

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the clinical manifestations, treatment strategies and outcomes of 12 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) associated with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura(TTP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data from 12 cases of SLE associated with TTP admitted in the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2002 to August 2015 were retrospectively analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>12 cases of SLE associated with TTP included 11 females and 1 male, their median age was 34.5 years old, among them 5 cases of TTP were diagnosed during the treatment of SLE, 7 cases of TTP were comfirmed together with SLE on admission. The hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and neurological deficits appeared in all the patients, the renal impairment was observed in 10 cases, the schistocytes of peripheral blood smears (>1%) were present in 9 cases, a severely reduction of ADAMTS 13 activity (<5%) with inhibitor-positive had been demonstrated in 5 cases, all of the 12 patients were treated with glucocorticoid, and 11 cases were treated in combination with other drug(10 cases combined with cytotoxics, 1 case with intravenous gamma globulin, 1 case with rituximab), plasma exchange were used in 10 cases, and 2 cases died, 2 cases without receiving plasma exchange all died, renal damage was observed in all the dead patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Clinical manifestation and repeated examinations of peripheral blood smears are helpful for early diagnosis of SLE associated with TTP, the plasma exchange combined with glucocortcoids is an effective treatment method, the renal impairment may be a risk factor related with poor prognosis.</p>

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271882

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the clinical characteristics of peripheral blood, immune phenotypes, fusion genes and cytogenetics of patients with t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemia(AML) through the retrospective analysis of 586 patients with t(8;21) AML from 15 blood disease research centers in Northern area of China.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The factors affecting prognosis of patients with t(8;21) AML were investigated by using univariate and multivariate COX regression.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The immune type of t(8;21) AML patients was mainly with HLA-DR, CD117, CD34, MPO, CD38, CD13and CD33(>95%), part of them with CD19and CD56; the most common accompanied mutation of t(8;21) AML patients was C-KIT mutation (37.8%); in addition to t(8;21) ectopic, the most common chromosomal abnormality was sex chromosome deletions (38.9%). The univariate analysis revealed a significant survival superiority of OS and PFS in t(8;21) AML patients of WBC≤3.5×10/L without C-KIT mutation, the newly diagnosed ones achieved HSCT(P<0.05), only survival superiority on OS in t(8;21) AML patients with extramedullary infiltration and CD19 positive; the results of multivariate analysis showed a significant survival superiority on OS and PFS in t(8;21) AML patients with WBC≤3.5×10/L(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The clinical features of t(8;21) AML patients in China are similar to those in other countries, WBC≤3.5×10/L is a good prognostic factor while the C-KIT mutation is a poor one in t(8;21) AML patients.</p>

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272507

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of overexpression of SH2-containing tyrosine phosphatase 1 (SHP-1) on sensitivity of chronic myelogenous 1eukemia (CML) K562 cell line to imatinib and its related mechamism.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>K562 cells were infected with the lentiviral plasmids containing the specified retroviral vector (pEX-SHP-1-puro-Lv105) or the mock vector (pEX-EGFP-puro-Lv105). The expression of SHP-1 in K562 cells treated with 0.2 µmol/L imatinib (IM) for 72 h was determined by Western blot. After transfection the CCK-8 assay was used to determine the proliferation of the tramfected K562 cells (K562(SHP-1) and K562(EGFP) cells) at 72 h after exposure to different doses of IM, the half inhibitary concentration (IC50) was calculated. The mechanisms of the overexpression effects of SHP-1 and IM on the proliferation in K562 cells was investigated, the BCR-ABL1 activity and the level of tyrosine phosphorylation of CrkL (pCrkL) was measured by flow cytometry; the Western blot was used to detect the expression and activity of these molecules controlling cell growth, including MAPK, AKT, STAT5 and JAK2.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After exposure of K562 cells to 0.08 µmol/L IM for 72 h, there was no significant change of SHP-1 expression in K562 cells. After exposure to 0.2 µmol/L of IM for 72 h, the inhibitory rate of K562(SHP-1) group was higher than that of K562(EGFP) group (P < 0.05), indicating that overexpression of SHP-1 in K562 cells could enhance the proliferation inhtibition effect of IM on K562 cells. The IC50 of IM in K562(SHP-1) cells was the lower as compared with that of K562(EGFP) cells (P < 0.05) after exposure to different concentrations of IM for 72 h. The slope of K562(SHP-1) cells was the largest ranging 0.02 - 0.16 µmol/L of IM. Overexpression of SHP-1 and IM could inhibit the activity BCR-ABL1, MAPK, AKT, STAT5 and JAK2 signaling pathways in the K562 cell line and displayed a synergistic effect.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SHP-1 inhibits BCR-ABL1, MAPK, AKT, STAT5 and JAK2 signaling pathways in K562 cells, the overexpression of SHP-1 can enhance the sensitivity of K562 cells to IM.</p>


Subject(s)
Cell Proliferation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Pharmacology , K562 Cells , Phosphorylation , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 6 , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transfection
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272506

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of rapamycin on the expression of survivin and caspase-3 at mRNA level in K562 cells and the influence of rapamycin on K562 cell ultrastructure.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effects of rapamycin at various concentration on K562 cell proliferation were analyzed by CCK8; the morphological characteristics of K562 cells was observed by transmission electron microscopy; the expression of survivin and caspase-3 at mRNA level in K562 cells treated with rapamycin was detected by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The proliferation of K562 cells was significantly inhibited by rapamycin. The apoptosis level of K562 cells increased with increase of rapamycin concentration, the expression of survivin at mRNA level decreased with increase of rapamycin concentration (P < 0.05). The expression of caspase-3 at mRNA level increased with increase of rapamycin concentration.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Rapamycin can prornote K562 cell apoptosis through up-regulating caspase-3 level and reduceing survivin level.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Caspase 3 , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Inhibitor of Apoptosis Proteins , Metabolism , K562 Cells , RNA, Messenger , Sirolimus , Pharmacology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-357279

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyses and summarize a case of multiple myeloma with disseminated infiltration in central nervous system.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The results of laboratorial examination and clinical data were analyzed and compared in the light of published literatures.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The headache and diplopia were caused by infiltration of multiple myeloma cells to the central nervous system. Unlike those reported in the literatures, this case was a rare case of disseminated infiltration inside the brain, and plasma cells were CD56+, this patient has not yet accepted any multiple myeloma-associated treatment as like that reported in the literatures. And different from cases reported, this patient showed a good response to the intrathecal chemotherapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Whether this good response is due to a heterogeneity of MM or effect of treatment-associated drug is still to be decided.</p>


Subject(s)
Central Nervous System , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Plasma Cells
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1026-1029, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-274100

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of Bortezomib on proliferation, apoptosis and SHP-2 gene expression of lymphoma Jurkat cells and Raji cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Methylthiazoly tetrazolium assay (MTT) was used to observe the proliferation of Jurkat cells and Raji cells treated with bortezomib in different doses. Cell apoptosis was detected by morphological examination and flow cytometry. The level of SHP-2 mRNA expression before and after the treatment with bortezomib was measured by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Bortezomib could inhibit the proliferation of Jurkat and Raji cells and induce their apoptosis with time-and dose-dependent manner. After treatment with 5-100 nmol/L bortezomib, the expression of SHP-2 in Jurkat cells and Raji cells was upregulated.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Bortezomib can inhibit the proliferation and induc the apoptosis of Jurkat and Raji cells obviously, upregulate the expression of SHP-2 mRNA, suggesting that the SHP-2 may participate in regulation of bortezomib induced apoptosis of Jurkat cells and Raji cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bortezomib , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Humans , Lymphoma , Genetics , Pathology , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 11
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1547-1550, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272564

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression and clinical significance of DNA methyltransferases (DNMT) mRNA in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression levels of DNMT mRNA in mononucllear cells (MNC) of bone marrow or in peripheral blood of 93 CML patients in 3 different phases and 10 normal controls (NC) were detected by SYBR Green flurescent quatitative PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The relative expression levels of DNMT1 mRNA in NC, chronic phase CML (CML-CP), accelerated phase (CML-AP) and blastic phase (CML-BP) were 1.45 ± 0.22, 1.83 ± 0.63, 2.95 ± 0.87 and 3.24 ± 1.39 resectively. The expression of DNMT1 mRNA showed no statistically significant difference between CML-CP and NC (P = 0.28). The expression of DNMT1 mRNA in advanced stages (including CML-AP and CML-BP) of CML obviously increased in comparison with CML-CP and NC (P < 0.05). The expression of DNMT1 mRNA in CML-AP was not significantly different from that in CML-BP (P = 0.336). The relative expression levels of DNMT3a mRNA in NC, CML-CP, CML-AP and CML-BP groups were 1.29 ± 0.34, 1.34 ± 0.46, 2.33 ± 1.05 and 3.18 ± 1.23 resectively. And the expression levels of DNMT3a mRNA were not statistically significantly different between CML-CP and NC (P = 0.844). The results showed that the expression of DNMT3a mRNA in the advanced phase of CML significantly increased in comparison with that in CML-CP and NC (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, the expression of DNMT3a mRNA in CML-AP was not different from that in CML-BP (P = 0.304). The relative expression levels of DNMT3b mRNA in NC, CML-CP, CML-AP and CML-BP groups were 1.37 ± 0.31, 16.41 ± 22.50, 9.36 ± 5.50 and 12.17 ± 13.44 resectively. It was also found that the level of DNMT3b mRNA in CML significantly increased in comparison with NC (P < 0.05), and that the between the 3 different phase of CML was not statistically significantly different (P >0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expression of DNMT mRNA increases in advanced CML as compared with normal controls and CML-CP, and the increased levels of DNMT mRNA probably correlate with disease progression in CML.</p>


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , DNA Methylation , Disease Progression , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349714

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to explore the effects of a methylation inhibitor arsenic trioxide (As2O3, ATO) and 5-Aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza-CdR) on the expression of JAK-STAT signal transduction pathway in family members JAK3, TYK2 and hematopoietic cell phosphatase SHP-1 in chronic myeloid leukemia cell line K562 and their roles in pathogenesis of leukemia. The K562 cells were divided into 3 groups:single drug-treated group, combined 2 drugs-treated group, group without drug treatment as control. The concentration of 5-aza-CdR were 0.5, 1, 2 µmol/L; the concentration of ATO was 1, 2.5, 5 µmol/L; the concentration of combined drugs was ATO 1 µmol/L + 5-aza-CdR 0.5 µmol/L, ATO 2.5 µmol/L + 5-aza-CdR 1 µmol/L, and ATO 5 µmol/L + 5-aza-CdR 2 µmol/L. The K562 cells were treated with above-mentioned concentration of drugs for 24, 48 and 72 hours, then the total RNA of cells was extracted, the JAK3, TYK2 and SHP-1 expressions were detected by real-time quantitative-PCR. The results showed that after the K562 cells were treated with ATO and 5-aza-CdR alone and their combination, the expression of SHP-1 mRNA increased, the expressions of JAK3 mRNA and TYK2 mRNA decreased along with increasing of concentration and prolonging of time, displaying the concentration and time-dependency. The SHP-1 negatively related with JAK3 and TYK2. The effect of SHP-1 on JAK3 was significantly higher than that on TYK2. It is concluded that when the K562 cells are treated with ATO and 5-aza-CdR alone and their combination, the expression of SHP-1 is up-regulated and the expressions of JAK3, TYK2 are down-regulated in concentration-and time-dependent manners, moreover the ATO and 5-aza-CdR show synergies demethylation effect. The SHP-1 gene exert effect possibly through inhibiting the JAK/STAT pathway, the JAK3 is affected more than TYK2, the JAK3 may exert more important role in TAK/STAT pathway.


Subject(s)
Arsenicals , Pharmacology , Azacitidine , Pharmacology , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Regulation, Leukemic , Humans , Janus Kinase 3 , Metabolism , K562 Cells , Oxides , Pharmacology , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 6 , Metabolism , TYK2 Kinase , Metabolism
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349656

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the expression and clinical significance of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in patients with B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in bone marrow mononuclear cells of B-ALL patients and normal controls was detected by RT-PCR. The gelatinolytic activity was detected by zymography. The results showed that the expression of MMP-2 in de novo and relapsed B-ALL patients was markedly higher than that in normal controls (P < 0.05). The expression of MMP-9 in de novo and relapsed B-ALL patients was markedly lower than that in normal controls (P < 0.05). The expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in patients with extramedullary infiltration was significantly higher than that in patients without extramedullary infiltration. The incidence of extramedullary infiltration in patients with MMP-2/MMP-9 (+) was markedly higher than that in patients with MMP-2/MMP-9 (-). The expression of MMP-9 was markedly higher in high-risk patients than that in standard-risk patients (P < 0.05), but the expression of MMP-2 had no significant difference between the high-risk and standard-risk patients (P > 0.05). It is concluded that MMP-2 and MMP-9 may be secreted by B lymphoblasts and may involve in the extramedullary infiltration. MMP-9 may correlate with poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bone Marrow Cells , Metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Middle Aged , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Metabolism , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Young Adult
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1402-1407, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340489

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSC) from patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in blastic phase (Bp) on K562 cells and the primary CML-Bp cells, and to explore its potential mechanisms. K562 cells and primary CML-Bp cells were co-cultured with BMMSC of different groups; the cell proliferation was detected by MTT method, the cell apoptosis rate and mitochondrial membrane potential were measured by flow cytometry, the expression levels of Caspase-8, Caspase-9, and activated Caspase-3 in cells were measured by Western blot. The results showed that the CML-Bp BMMSC could enhance the survival rate of K562 cells treated with adviamycin (ADM) and display protective effect on K562 cells and primary CML-Bp mononuctear cells, inhibited ADM-induced leukimia cell apoptosis (P < 0.05); as compared with CML-chronic phase (CML-Cp) BMMSC and normal BMMSC, the CML-Bp BMMSC showed the highest protective effect on leukemic cells, the mitochondrial membrane potential of co-cultured cells slightly droped (P < 0.05). In the CML-Bp BMMSC cultured with K562 cells, the expression level of caspase-3 was more down-regulated than that in K562 alone plus ADM group, while the expression of caspase-9 significantly increased (P < 0.05). It is concluded that the CML-Bp BMMSC down-regulates ADM-induced leukemia cell appoptosis, its mechanism may relate with the inhibition of mitochondrial membrane potential drop, the stabilization of unactive expression of caspase-9 and down-regulation of caspase-3 expression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Bone Marrow , Caspase 3 , Caspase 8 , Caspase 9 , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Down-Regulation , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Pathology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1572-1576, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-340456

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the expression level of SHP-1 and C-kit genes in acute leukemia HL-60 cells and effect of 5-aza-CdR demethylation on expression of SHP-1 and C-kit genes. RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression level of SHP-1 and C-kit mRNA in HL-60 cells of the drug-treated group and control group.The methylation specific PCR (MSP) was applied to measure the methylation status of SHP-1 and C-kit genes in HL-60 cells.The results showed that after being treated with 5-aza-CdR, the recovery of SHP-1 gene expression was observed in HL-60 cells in which SHP-1 mRNA originally was not expressed. Meanwhile, the high expression level of C-kit mRNA in HL-60 cells was decreased. When HL-60 cells were treated with 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0 µmol/L 5-aza-CdR, the demethylation effect was enhanced, the expression of SHP-1 mRNA displayed an ascending tendency, and the expression of C-kit mRNA showed an descending tendency in dose-dependent manner (P < 0.05) . It is concluded that the absence of SHP-1 mRNA expression in HL-60 cells and recovery of expression after treatment with 5-aza-CdR suggest that the hypermethylation of SHP-1 gene relates with pathogenesis of leukemia, and the abnormal increase of C-kit mRNA expression maybe exist in formation of leukemia. The effect of 5-aza-CdR on expression of SHP-1 and C-kit shows dose-dependency, the higher the 5-aza-CdR concentration, the higher the SHP-1 expression and the lower the C-kit expression, moreover, the effect of 5-aza-CdR shows time-dependency in specific concentration.The SHP-1 mRNA expression negatively correlates with C-kit mRNA expression, suggesting that the decrease or absence of SHP-1 expression in leukemia cells weakens the negative regulation on C-kit signaling pathway, thus plays a role in the formation of leukemia.


Subject(s)
Azacitidine , Pharmacology , DNA Methylation , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia , Genetics , Metabolism , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase, Non-Receptor Type 6 , Genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Genetics , RNA, Messenger
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