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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1710-1713, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of posaconazole in the primary prevention of invasive fungal disease (IFD) in the induction therapy of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#From August 2018 to November 2020, 144 pediatric patients with ALL treated in Department of Pediatrics, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University were selected, 88 cases received fluconazole as IFD prophylaxis (fluconazole prophylaxis group), 56 cases received posaconazole as IFD prophylaxis (posaconazole prophylaxis group). The incidence of IFD and treatment-related adverse reactions between the two groups were compared, and the safety of posaconazole was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of IFD in the fluconazole prophylaxis group was 20.4% (18/88), and in the posaconazole prophylaxis group was 7.1% (4/56). The incidence of IFD between the two groups was statistically significant different(P=0.030). There was no serious adverse reactions in the two groups. The incidence of mild adverse reactions in the posaconazole prophylaxis group (23.2%) was lower than that in the fluconazole prophylaxis group(39.8%), and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.039). There were 12 cases died in the fluconazole prophylaxis group and 4 in the posaconazole prophylaxis group, while no significant difference in the overall survival rate between the two groups (P=0.281).@*CONCLUSION@#The effect of posaconazole in the primary prophylaxis of IFD is better and incidence of adverse reactions is lower than fluconazole. Posaconazole can be tolerated, and expected to become the first-line primary prophylaxis drug for IFD during the induction remission therapy of childhood ALL.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Child , Humans , Induction Chemotherapy , Mycoses/drug therapy , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Primary Prevention , Triazoles
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1676-1679, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922316

ABSTRACT

β-thalassemia is a monogenetic inherited hemolytic anemia, which results in a series of pathophysiological changes due to partial or complete inhibition of the synthesis of β-globin chain. The curative therapy for this disease is to reconstitute hematopoiesis, and transplantation with genetically modified autologous hematopoietic stem cells can avoid the major difficulties of traditional allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation,such as HLA matching and immune rejection. β-thalassemia gene therapy strategies mainly include gene integration and genome editing. The former relies on the development of lentiviral vectors and adds a fully functional HBB gene to the chromosome; the latter rapidly develops with the research of specific nuclease which can repair the HBB gene in situ. In this review, the latest progress of the two strategies in gene therapy of β-thalassemia is summarized.


Subject(s)
Gene Editing , Genetic Therapy , Genetic Vectors , Humans , beta-Globins/genetics , beta-Thalassemia/therapy
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1881-1886, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922217

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) and its risk factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 86 children with β-TM treated and followed up in the Department of Pediatrics of the Fifth Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Zhuhai Municipal Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital from August 2018 to August 2020 were enrolled. The clinical data of the children were analyzed to investigate the prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-thalassemia major (β-TM) and its risk factors.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-TM in Zhuhai area was 17.4%. The level of serum ferritin(SF) (4948.27±1225.33 μg/L) in hypothyroidism children was significantly increased(t=10.273,P<0.05). The prevalence rate of hypothyroidism was significantly higher in β-TM children(age ≥10 years old, SF ≥2 500 μg/L and irregular iron removal) (P<0.05). Logistic regression result showed that age ≥10 years old was the independent risk factor affecting the increasing of hypothyroidism rate in the children. The levels of SF(3880.60±1269.17 μg/L), TSH(4.43±1.52 mIU/L) and the prevalence rate of hypothyroidism(37.14%)(P<0.05) were higher for the children in irregular iron removal group.@*CONCLUSION@#The prevalence rate of hypothyroidism in children with β-TM in Zhuhai area is high, and it is related to the age ≥10 years old, SF ≥2 500 μg/L and irregular iron removal of the children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Hypothyroidism/epidemiology , Iron Overload , Prevalence , Risk Factors , beta-Thalassemia/epidemiology
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880084

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment effects of children with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia without down syndrome (non-DS-AMKL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 19 children with non-DS-AMKL treated in the Pediatric Hematology Ward in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from May 2008 to April 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics, laboratory test and treatment methods of the children were concluded. All patients were followed up to evaluate the effect of treatment.@*RESULTS@#The 19 cases of children included nine male and ten female, the median age of onset was 2 years old. The clinical manifestations showed nonspecific. The median white blood cell of peripheral blood was 15.88×10@*CONCLUSION@#Non-DS-AMKL was rare in children and difficult to be diagnosed. Determination of MICM classification as early as possible was helpful for diagnosis, and genetic testing played an important role for diagnosis and prognosis evaluation. Early hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with CR after chemotherapy might be an effective way to cure AMKL.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , DEAD-box RNA Helicases , DNA Helicases , Down Syndrome , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute/genetics , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Trisomy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781455

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSC) on children with refractory graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and to judge the efficacy of BMMSC by dynamically monitoring the changes of cytokines in children with GVHD before and after infusion of BMMSC, so as to provide a theoretical basis for clarifying the mechanism of BMMSC.@*METHODS@#17 children with refractory aGVHD including 7 of grade II, 6 cases of grade III and 4 cases of grade IV after allo-HSCT were enrolled. All the children with aGVHD, who received routine immunosuppressive therapy, but the state of disease not improved, were treated with immunosuppressive drugs combined with BMMSC infusion. Study endpoints included safety of BMMSC infusion, response to BMMSC, and overall response of aGVHD. The serum levels of IL-2α, IL-6, IL-10, IL-8 and TNF-α in aGVHD patients were measured by chemiluminescence before infusion of BMMSCs and Day 7, Day 14 after infusion of BMMSCs.@*RESULTS@#The cumulative median dose of BMMSCs was 5.5 (3.4-11.1) × 10/kg for average of 3.7 times, and the median time of 16.5 (4-95) days for the first infusion of MSCs. In 17 cases of refractory GVHD, 14 responded to treatment, whereas 3 patients failed. The total effective rate was 82.4% and no adverse reactions occurred. Of the 14 survived cases (82.4%), the median follow-up time was 944 (559-1245) days from the first infusion of MSCs. The levels of TNF-α in children with grade II, III and IV GVHD before treatment were 9.5±4.3 pg/ml, 16.3±10.9 pg/ml and 35.8±21.2 pg/ml respectively. The difference between grade II and IV, III and IV was statistically significant (P<0.05). Compared with the ineffective group of BMMSC infusion, the serum TNF-αlevel in the BMMSCs treatment effective group was 10.8±5.6 pg/ml vs 40.6±14.8 pg/ml (t=-3.901, P<0.05) before treatment. In the effective group of BMMSCs infusion, IL-10 20±17.4 pg/ml of day 14 was significantly higher than that 7.3±3.1 pg/ml before the treatment (t=-2.850, P<0.05), while , the serum levels of IL-2α, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α were not statistically significantly different (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The infusion of BMMSC is safe and effective in the treatment of refractory GVHD in children. TNF-αlevel relates with the severity of GVHD. BMMSC may play an anti-GVHD role by up regulating the level of cytokine IL-10 in vivo.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829050

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy and safety of combination chidamide and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in the treatment of childhood acute T lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL).@*METHODS@#Seven children with acute T lymphoblastic leukemia received hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in SUN Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital of SUN Yat-Sen University were selected. 7 cases of T-ALL were divided into 2 groups: HSCT plus chidamide-treated group (4 cases) and traditional HSCT-treated group (3 cases) as control. The incidence of GVHD and other related complications, as well as implantation, recurrence and survival were compared between the two groups, and the side effects of chidamide were observed. All the patients were follow-up until January 2019.@*RESULTS@#All the 7 patients were alive and, there was no difference in the incidence of acute GVHD between the HSCT plus chidamides treated group and the traditional HSCT-treated group. The implantation rate of HSCT was 100%, and there were no recurrence occurred. During the application of chidamide, 3 cases showed adverse reactions, of which 2 cases had adverse reactions of grade 3 or higher, and 2 cases were hematological adverse reactions (neutropenia, thrombocytopenia), other adverse reactions were non-hematologic adverse reactions (transaminase elevation, fatigue, nausea, vomiting), there were no serious adverse reactions occurred. In the HSCT plus chidamide-treated group, 2 cases were found that mature lymphocytes were not expressed by tumors, during examing for minimal redidaul disease (MRD). Compared with the immunophenotype and TCR rearrangement at first diagnosis, the results did not support the source of residual T-ALL tumor cells. During the review of MRD, it was found that the abnormal T cells showed an increasing trend, indicating that chidamide might induce leukemia cell differentiation through some pathways.@*CONCLUSION@#Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is still an effective method to cure children's T-ALL. In some cases, abnormal T-cell nonclonal amplification occurs during the application of chidamide, and the children with T-ALL can tolerable adverse reactions of chidamide.


Subject(s)
Aminopyridines , Benzamides , Child , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Recurrence , Transplantation, Homologous
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1672-1677, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, prevention and treatment of invasive fungal disease (IFD).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 164 patients who met the diagnostic criteria of IFD in our center from January 2012 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The incidence, clinical characteristics, related factors, treatment methods and prognosis were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Among 1289 cases of blood diseases, 164 cases suffered from IFD with inciduce of 12.7%. The main infection sites were as followed: lung, blood and gastrointestinal tract, with incidence of 84.2%, 5.5% and 3% respectively. The funge was found in 35 cases by detection; among fungi, the detected rate of candida albicans. aspergillus and candida glabrata was more high with 51.5%, 20% and 14.3% respectively. Among 164 childen with blood deseases complicated by IFD, 36 cases gained complete remission, 97 cases gained partial remission, 10 cases were stable, 11 cases were progressive and 10 cases died, the overall effective rate reached 81.1%. The univariate analysis showed that the gramulopenia, granulocyte recovery, long-term use of corticosteroid and immuno-suppressive agents, as well as different grades of diagnosis were significant factors affecting the efficacy of antifungal therapy for blood disease children with IFD, the multivariate analysis further showed that the granulocyte recovery and diagnosis grades were independent prognostic factors affecting the therapeutic efficacy for IFD children. The overall survival rate of IFD children with 12 weeks of antifungal treatnment was 81.7%, out of which the survival rate of IFD children at 12 weeks of treatment with itraconazole, voriconazole, amphotericin B and caspofungin was 81.4%, 80%, 69.4% and 97.1% respectively, there were significant differences in survival rate between each other by long rank test. In addition of caspofungin, the other 3 kinds of drugs had toxic side effects of different degrees, but IFD children could tolerated these effects after symptomatic treatment.@*CONCLUSION@#The incidence of IFD in children with blood deseases in our hospital is 12.7%, the lung is most common infective site, moreover patogens of IFD mainly is candida. The promotion of granulocyte recovery and early stratified diagnosis can contribule to the treatment of IFD. For the IFD children with better economic condition, the caspofungin is a potent antifungal agent with high efficacy, low toxicity and better prognosis.


Subject(s)
Amphotericin B , Antifungal Agents , Child , Hematologic Diseases , Humans , Invasive Fungal Infections , Retrospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690981

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the efficacy and safety of NOPHO-AML 2004 chemotherapy regimen for treatment of children with acute myelocytic leukemia(non-M3).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-three patients aged 1-13 with acute myelocytic leukemia (non-M3) were diagnosed from January 2013 to June 2017. FAB typing showed that 1 case in M0, 4 cases in M1, 12 cases in M2, 5 cases in M4, 8 cases in M5, 1 case in M6, and 2 cases in M7; Risk stratification showed that: 19 cases in standard risk, and 14 cases in high risk. All patients were treated with NOPHO-AML 2004 chemotherapy regimen. SPSS 22.0 software was used, the Kaplan-Meier survival analysis method and Cox regression model were used for statistical analysis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the first course of treatment (AIET), among 33 child patients there were 27 cases with complete remission, and 5 cases with non-remission, thus the remission rate was 81.8%. Out of the 5 child patients without remission, 4 cases reached to the complete remission after the second course (AM), and 1 case did not remission, thus the total remission rate was 96.9%.9 cases (27.3%) underwent bone marrow recurrence and the median recurrence time was 30 months after complete continuous remission. Univariate analysis showed that age and erythrocyte transfusion frequency were significant factors to affect the early treatment response; the multiple Cox regression analysis showed that: age >7, MRD positive, erythrocyte transfusion >4 times and poor response to early treatment were independent risk factors for recurrence; Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(HSCT) in 8 high-risk children received enhanced chemotherapy had better efficacy as compared with the chemotherapy alone. The 3-year event-free survival rate was 59.9%, and 3-year overall survival rate was 69.2%. 33 children patients experienced varying degrees of infection and myelosuppression, or drug-related gastrointestinal reactions and allergic reactions, patients were tolerable to these side reactions after active symptomatic treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NOPHO-AML 2004 chemotherapy regimen has high response rate and good tolerance, early treatment response is an important factor influencing prognosis. Age and repeated red blood cell infusions are the important factors influencing the prognosis, which promote bone marrow recurrence in AML children. For the children suffered from clinical high-risk AML, the NOPHO-AML 2004 chemotherapy regimen combined with HSCT can improve the prognosis of patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease-Free Survival , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Treatment Outcome
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689556

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the curative effect and safety of menchymal stem cell infusion in treatment of children with refractory late-onset hemorrhagic cystitis(LOHC) after allogeneic HSCT.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty cases of children with refractory LOHC after allo-HSCT in our department between December 2010 and July 2016 were analyzed retrospectively, out of 30 cases 7 received MSC treatment. The used MSC of all were four-to-five generation MSC from bone marrows of third party donors, and were infused into patients with (1.87±0.456)×10/kg MSCs once a week (1-4 times in total) until the hematuria and odynuria symptoms being improved. To observe whether unfavorable reactions occurred after MSC treatment, the patients accepted daily physical examination and regular assistant examination. The cytokine levels were also measured and dynamically detected in 2 cases before and after MSC treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In 30 children with refractory LOHC, the hematuria difficultly reached the remission after routine hydration, alkalizing and antiviral therapy, Among 25 cases who were received methylprednisolone, MTX and CTX therapy, 7 cases received MSC infusion for 1-4 times with dose of (1.87±0.456)×10/(kg·time) as a result, 7 cases of LOHC were cured. The TNF-α and IL-2R levels in 2 cases progressively decreased after MSC infusion, no occurence of fever, rash, embolism and so on were found in 7 cases received MSC infusion; the BKV detection showed that the viral load did not increase; the leukemia relapse or secondary cancer did not occure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The MSC treatment is safe and effective for refractory LOHC after allo-HSCT.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Cystitis , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation, Homologous , Treatment Outcome
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1167-1173, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689511

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To prospectively study the correlation BKV with the occurrence and development of late onset hemorrhagic cystitis (LOHC) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation(allo-HSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of a total of 276 patients with allo-HSCT in our department between January 1998 and March 2016 were analyzed ratrospectvely. Quantitative Real-time PCR assay was used to prospectively monitor the BKV DNA load of the urine and plasma for 23 patients accepting allo-HSCT from August 2015 to March 2016.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LOHC(24.28%) occurred in 67 of 276 cases with allo-HSCT. Univariate analysis showed that age older than 6 years, different diseases, unrelated donor, pretreatment with BU, Ⅲ-Ⅳ aGVHD significantly correlated with LOHC. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that age older than 6 years (P<0.01), pretreatment with BU(P<0.05), and aGVHD of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ (P= 0.011) were the independent risk factors for LOHC. Among 23 patients after allo-HSTC, 10 of which were positive of urine BKV, and LOHC occurred in 6 cases. The positive rate of urine BKV (85.7%)in group LOHC was significantly higher than that in the group LOHC(25.0%)(χ=5.043, P<0.01). The incidence of LOHC positively correlated with the positive rate of BKV (r=0.564, P<0.01), and the severity of LOHC positively correlated with urinary BKV load (r = 0.502, P<0.01). And 5 of 6 petriatic patients with LOHC had aGVHD. All of them were subject to the strengthened antiviral treatment, and 4 of them accepted intensive immunosuppression therapy.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Age ≥6 years old, precenditioning regieme with BU and aGVHD of grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ are independent risk factors for LOHC after allo-HSCT, the positive rate of urine BKV load positively correlates with the severity of LOHC after allo-HSCT.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Cystitis , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hemorrhage , Humans , Incidence , Risk Factors , Transplantation, Homologous
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1695-1701, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773034

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical features and prognosis of 28 children with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and to screen the high risk factors affecting the prognosis so as to provide the new ideas for standard of clinical diagnosis and therapy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 28 children with newly diagnosed MDS treated in our hospital from March 1994 to July 2016 were analyzed retrospectively, the features of disease onset and the results of laboratory examination were summarized, all MDS children were followed up, the prognosis and the high risk factors affecting the prognosis were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#In all 28 MDS children, the ratio of male to female was 1.8∶1, the incidence of MDS was observed in boys, while the low incidence of MDS was found in older children. The clinical manifestations were mainly the decrease of three series blood cells in 16 cases (57.14%), other cases presented simple anemia (7.1%), simple thrombocytopenia (7.1%), neutropenia with anemia (14.29%), and anemia with thrombocytopenia (14.28%).The bone marrow image showed mainly hyperplasia (82.14%), and the pathological hematopoiesis, moreover the manifistation of pathological hematopoiesis was different in forma and degree; the bone marrow biopsy showed the typical abnormal localization of immature precursor(ALIP) accepted for 33.33%; the chromosome karyotype detection showed the detected rate of chronosome abnormality was 41.18%. The median follow-up time was 1.75 years. 5 children with MDS received the hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), among them 1 dead and 4 maintained CCR; Out of other 23 patients no-received HSCT, 7 cases given up treatment after confirmed diagnosis, 16 cases received the chemotherapy (2 cases given up treatment after CR, 5 cases transformed into AML, 3 cases relapsed, 3 cases maintained CCR), 11 cases dead, 9 cases failed to be followed up. The 5-years OS rate and EFS rate in all patients were predicted as (38.2±11.3)% and (35.3±11.3)%,respectively, among them, the OS and EFS rates of patients received the HSCT allo superior to those of patients did not received HSCT [(80.0±17.9)% vs.(22.8±11.5)%] (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The children MDS is rare and easy to be misdiagnosis, moreover displays more high heterogeneity and poor prognosis, thereby the early diagnosis is crucial, in addition, the system of prognosis evaluation is imperative to be perfected. The HSCT may be the effective method for curative treatment of childhood MDS.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Karyotyping , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-271891

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes of hepcidin and ferropotin 1 expression in murine model of iron overload.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The murine model of iron overload was established, C57BL/6 mice were injected with iron dextran intraperitoneally (10 mg) every 3 days for 4 weeks. Blood routine, serum ferritin and pathological sections were tested at the appointed time-point respectively (before iron injection, 2 weeks and 4 weeks after treatment of iron injection). The serum hepcidin was assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent method. The expression of ferroportin 1 in bone marrow cells was detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The labile iron pool of bone marrow cells was measured by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The absolute number and percentage of reticulocytes in the iron-overloaded mice were significantly decreased along with the increase of iron injection times (r=-0.938, r=-0.947), while no significant change was found in the number of white blood cells, hemoglobin level and platelet count. The level of serum ferritin was increased along with increase of iron injection time (r=0.894). Iron overload was found in pathological sections of different organs. Furthermore, serum hepcidin was increased along with increase of iron injection time (r=0.957). RT-PCR and Western blot analyses showed that the expressions of ferroportin 1 at mRNA and protein level were increased in the murine model of iron overload (P<0.05). Labile iron pool in bone marrow cells was also found to be increased in the murine model of iron overload(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The expressions of hepcidin and ferroportin 1 are increase in a murine model of iron overload, which may be contributed to the suppression effect on erythropoiesis in bone marrow.</p>

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349691

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the relation of Treg and invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cell reconstruction with acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in children. According to the occurrence or absence of aGVHD, 29 pediatric patients who underwent allo-HSCT were firstly divided into two groups non-aGVHD and aGVHD group,then those patients with aGVHD were divided into steroid effective group and steroid resistant group according to their reaction to the steroid treatment. Flow cytometry was used to detect the frequency of Treg cells and iNKT cells in the peripheral blood of the recipients at different time after allo-HSCT(d 15, d 30, d 60, d 90, the time of aGVHD onset and two weeks after steroid treatment). The result showed that the frequencies of Treg cells and the iNKT/T ratio on day 15 in non-aGVHD group were significantly higher than those in the aGVHD group (P < 0.05). It is concluded that a combined monitoring strategy of Treg and iNKT cell reconstruction early after allo-HSCT may facilitate the diagnosis and treatment of aGVHD in children.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Early Diagnosis , Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Diagnosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Natural Killer T-Cells , Cell Biology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Cell Biology , Transplantation, Homologous
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349689

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of CD4(+)CD25(+) regulatory T cells (Treg) on allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in sensitized mice so as to provide experimental evidence for clinical treatment of allogeneic HSCT rejection in sensitized recipients. The BALB/c mice were divided into 5 groups: group A - mice were sensitized with injection of splenocytes; group B - mice were sensitized with splenocytes and treated with >5×10(5) Treg on day 7 before transplantation; group C - mice were sensitized with splenocytes and treated with 5×10(5) Treg on day 13 and 7 before transplantation; group D - mice were not sensitized, but treated with equal volume of PBS as control; group E - blank control. Each group had 15 mice. On day 0 of transplantation, mice in each group were irradiated lethally with 8 Gy by linear accelerator, and the bone marrow cells of C57BL/6 labeled by fluorescence staining were intravenously injected via the tail vein. The fluorescent cells in peripheral blood and organ tissue were detected by flow cytometry on different time points for homing assessment. Survival rates and hematopoietic reconstitution were also recorded and monitored. The results showed that on 12 and 24 hours after transplantation, as compared with the sensitized group, the number of fluorescence homing cells in different tissue of the applied Treg groups increased significantly and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The mice in sensitized group and blank control group all died on the 6-13 day, whereas the median survival time of mice in applied Treg once and twice were 15 days and 16 days respectively. Comparing with sensitized group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.001), but there was no significant difference between these two groups applied regulatory T cell (P > 0.05). It is concluded that applying Treg can induce immune tolerance of sensitized recipient to allogeneic HSCT and inhibit immune destruction and prolong the survival time, but can not induce full immune tolerance and at last sensitized mice died of rejection of hematopoietic stem cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Methods , Immune Tolerance , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Allergy and Immunology , Transplantation, Homologous
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349646

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to compare the anti-leukemic effects of E.coli-L-Asp and Erwinia-L-Asp in vitro, and to investigate their mechanism. The cell apoptosis and proliferation inhibition rate were measured by CCK-8 kit, and IC50 of two drugs was calculated by using SPSS software. Pro-apoptosis effect of E.coli-L-Asp and Erwinia-L-Asp on REH and Jurkat cell lines was also determined by flow cytometry with Annexin V/PI double staining. Concentration changes of 4 amino acids (Asn, Aspa, Gln, and Glu) before and after medication were detected by using high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay. The results showed that both REH and Jurkat cell lines were sensitive to L-Asp drugs from two different strains, and E.coli-L-Asp and Erwinia-L-Asp displayed the inhibition effect on the proliferation of Jurkat and REH cell lines in dose-dependent and time-dependent manners. The inhibition cell of proliferation and cell apoptosis in Erwinia-L-Asp group were higher than those in E.coli-L-Asp group after 24 hours (P < 0.05) . However, after treatment of REN and Jurkat cells with 2 kind of L-Asp for 48 hours, the inhibition of cell proliferation and apoptosis rates were not significantly different between the 2 L-Asp drugs (P > 0.05). The Asn in medium could be depleted by two different L-Asp drugs with low concentration. Both the two L-Asp drugs had the same capability to deplete the Asn surrounding leukemia cells (P > 0.05). The Gln in medium could be depleted by two L-Asp drugs with high concentration. The hydrolysis effect of Erwinia-L-Asp on Gln was stronger than that of E.coli-L-Asp (P < 0.05). It is concluded that in a certain range of concentrations, E.coli-L-Asp and Erwinia-L-Asp exert anti-leukemia effect in dose-dependent manner. Depletion of Gln and Asn in surrounding environment and induction of cell apoptosis are two potential mechanisms, by which leukemia cells can be killed. Erwinia-L-Asp may be chosen as the first-line drug to treat childhood ALL for its fast action and stronger hydrolysis effect on Gln.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Asparaginase , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Jurkat Cells
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-264936

ABSTRACT

This research was aimed to explore the effects of blocking B7/CD28 and CD40/CD154 co-stimulatory signals on engraftment of hematopoietic stem cell in the sensitized recipient so as to provide the experimental evidence for the treatment of sensitized recipient's immune rejection after clinical allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The BALB/c mice were divided into 4 groups: (1)mice sensitized on 7 day before transplant; (2)mice were sensitized on 7 day before transplant, and injected CTLA4Ig+anti-CD154 applied; (3)normal mice injected by corresponding isotype control IgG of CTLA4Ig and anti-CD154; (4)normal blank control mice. Each group had 15 mice. On day 0, mice of each group were irradiated lethally 8 Gy by linear accelerator, and the bone marrow cells of C57BL/6 labeled by fluorescence staining were injected via the tail vein. The fluorescent cell level in peripheral blood and organ tissue at different time points were detected by flow cytometry (FCM) for homing assessment. Survival rates and hematopoietic reconstitution were also monitored and recorded. The results showed that application of CTLA4Ig anti-CD154 could promote implantation of allogeneic HSC in sensitized recipients, induce the immune tolerance, prolong their survival time and accelerate the hematopoietic reconstitution within 28 days, compared with the sensitized group. It is concluded that applying CTLA4Ig and anti-CD154 can enhance the engraftment of HSCT and induce immune tolerance in the sensitized recipient after allogeneic HSCT and accelerate the hematopoietic reconstitution.


Subject(s)
Abatacept , Animals , B7 Antigens , CD28 Antigens , CD40 Antigens , CD40 Ligand , Graft Rejection , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Immune Tolerance , Immunoconjugates , Pharmacology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Transplantation, Homologous
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302396

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to explore the effects of blocking B7/CD28 and CD40/CD154 co-stimulatory signals on immune function of sensitized mice', and provide the evidences of acquired immune tolerance for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. The mice sensitized on 7 day before transplant were divided into 4 groups: (1)CTLA4Ig+ anti-CD154 isotype control IgG; (2)anti-CD154 +CTLA4Ig isotype control IgG; (3)CTLA4Ig and anti-CD154; (4)isotype control IgG of CTLA4Ig and anti-CD154. CTLA4Ig and anti-CD154 used in normal BALB/c mice as isotype control IgG. Each mouse in all groups received CTLA4Ig and anti-CD154 (or corresponding isotype control IgG) 500 µg respectively, and was injected via tail vein on 7 day before transplant. There were 5 mice in each group. The mice were sacrificed on day 0, then the number of CD19(+)CD69(+)B cells, CD44(high)/CD62L(high) and CD44(high)/CD62L(low)/- T cells were measured by flow cytometry. Changes of cytokines and sensitized antibody were tested by ELISA or flow cytometry. The results showed that the numbers of CD19(+)CD69(+)B cells were significantly increased in comparison with the normal group (P < 0.01) , whereas the numbers of cells were significantly decreased when blocking B7/CD28 or /and CD40/CD154 co-stimulatory signals (P < 0.01) . Blocking these 2 signals together displayed a synergistic effect (P < 0.01) . The central memory and effector T cells were defined as CD44(high)/CD62L(high) and CD44(high)/CD62L(low)/- respectively, those increased significantly after sensitized in comparison with those in normal group, whereas their numbers decreased when blocking B7/CD28 or/and CD40/CD154 co-stimulatory signals. Blocking these two signals together, displayed a synergistic effect (P < 0.01). Cytokines, IgG and IgM in all groups were not significantly different. Sensitizing antibody test showed that the fluorescence intensity of sensitized group significantly increased as compared with normal group, whereas fluorescence intensity of CTLA4Ig or/and anti-CD154 treated groups significantly decreased as compared with sensitized group (P < 0.01) . It is concluded that blocking the B7/CD28 or/and CD40/CD154 co-stimulatory signal can inhibit the cellular and humoral immune function, whereas blocking these two signals together displays a synergistic effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , B7-1 Antigen , Metabolism , Bone Marrow Transplantation , CD28 Antigens , Metabolism , CD40 Antigens , Metabolism , CD40 Ligand , Metabolism , Immune Tolerance , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Signal Transduction , Transplantation, Homologous
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332765

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of rabbit anti-thymocyte globulin (r-ATG) combined with cyclosporine A (CsA) and to analyse the efficacy-related factors in children with aplastic anemia (AA). Twenty five AA children treated with r-ATG [3.5 mg/(kg·d)×5 days] combined with CsA were analyzed retrospectively. The lymphocyte subgroups, CD4(+)/CD8 ratio and expression of CD55, CD59 on surface of neutrophils and erythrocytes in peripheral blood were detected by direct immunofluorescence method and flow cytometry; the responsive time, effective rate, adverse effects and infections after immunosuppressive therapy (IST) were analyzed; the distribution of T-lymphocyte subgroups in IST-effective and IST-uneffective groups was compared, and therapeutic efficacy-related factors were evaluated. The results showed that the response to treatments was found in 21 out of 25 cases, the total responsive rate was 84.0%; the response time was 3 - 6 months, average of 4 months; the effective rates in month 3, 6, 9, 12 after treatment were 56.0%, 72.0%, 80.0% and 84.0% respectively. The AA children with age ≥ 5 years old, course of disease < 6 months and absolute neutrophil value ≥ 1.5 ×10(9)/L on 30 days after IST had good curative effect; the effective rate in AA children with age ≥ 5 years old, course of disease < 6 months, high or reverse ratio of CD4(+)/CD8(+) and absolute neutrophil value ≥ 1.5×10(9)/L after IST was higher than that in AA children with age < 5 years old, course of disease ≥ 6 months, normal ratio of CD4(+)/CD8(+) and absolute neutrophil value after IST < 1.5×10(9)/L (94.4% vs 57.1%, 90.4% vs 50.0%, 94.1% vs 62.5%, 94.1% vs 62.5%) (P < 0.05). The high effective rate was observed in AA children with decrease of CD55 and CD59 expression, but there was no significant difference (P > 0.05) as compared with normal expression of CD55, CD59. It is concluded that the treatment using r-ATG (3.5 mg/kg·d × 5 d) combined with CsA is a safe and effective for children with AA. Age, course of disease and absolute neutrophil value on 30 days after IST are the main factors affecting curative affect.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Anemia, Aplastic , Drug Therapy , Antilymphocyte Serum , Therapeutic Uses , Child , Child, Preschool , Cyclosporine , Therapeutic Uses , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Subsets , Male , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325196

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to summarize the clinical characteristics and laboratorial data of blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell neoplasm (BPDCN) in pediatric patients in order to enhance understanding this disease in diagnosis and therapy. A rare case of BPDCN in children was enrolled in this study. The blood routine test, examination of bone marrow cell morphology, histopathology and immunophenotype of the skin lesions were performed and analysed, the single cell suspensions of the biopsied skin mass were detected by flow cytometry. The results showed that tumor cells expressed CD4, CD56, CD43 and CD123, while not expressed CD19, CD20, CD3, CD8, CD13, CD11b and myeloperoxidase (MPO). According to the clinical and laboratorial features and the results from histopathological and immunophenotype examinations, BPDCN was confirmed. It is concluded that BPDCN in children is an extremely rare hematopoietic malignancy with presenting a rapidly and fatally aggressive clinical course. The diagnosis of this disease is mainly based on the clinical presentations, pathologic and immunohistochemical features. BPDCN is a highly aggressive disease, its prognosis is very poor, its pathogenesis remans still unclear. A standard treatment protocol for BPDCN has not yet been established.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Dendritic Cells , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Male , Skin Neoplasms , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
20.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 445-448, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235429

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize clinical features of eye Kaposis' sarcoma ( KS ) in leukemia child after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One 13 years-old child with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and negative HIV test who developed KS restricted in right conjunctiva, cornea and sclera after successful allogeneic PBSCT was reviewed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The child suffered from T cell type ALL. He received immunosuppressive treatment after PBSCT, and had once extensive herpes zoster restricted in skin. Seven months after PBSCT, he had blurred vision with right eye and slowly neoplasm formed in cornea and conjunctiva. Pathological examination confirmed KS with changes like capillary hemangioma, atypical fusiform cell, typical immunochemistry and positive immunofluorescent result of HHV8. He received excision of lump of cornea, conjunctiva, sclera and transplantation of cornea and sclera. Antiviral therapy was given together with anti-infection, prevention of cornea rejection and biotherapy. He kept right eye and hand-move eyesight, survived without GVHD or recurrence of ALL and KS.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This was the first ocular KS case in ALL child after PBSCT, without correlation with HIV infection. Complete excision combined with biotherapy was safe and effective for single ocular lesions.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Eye Neoplasms , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Postoperative Complications , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Therapeutics , Sarcoma, Kaposi
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