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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771678

ABSTRACT

GAPDH(glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase) gene is a key enzyme gene in carbohydrate metabolism and always used as reference gene. To clarify and complete the biosynthetic pathway of polysaccharide, the GAPDH gene in Codonopsis pilosula, named CpGAPDH, was cloned according to the transcriptome of pilosula, using the GAPDH gene in potato as query. The CpGAPDH contained a 1 014 bp open reading frame(ORF) and encoded a protein with 337 amino acids. Bioinformatic analysis clearly suggested that CpGAPDH shared high similarity with GAPDH among other plants, and had the closest relatives to potato and danshen. The predicted protein did not have signal peptide, which indicated that it might be located in the cytoplasm. According to the existing of several phosphorylation sites and the conserved domains analysis, we predicted that it belonged to Gp_dh_N superfamily. Prokaryotic expression showed that the recombinant expressed a 44.3 kDa protein, which was corresponding to the theoretical relative molecular mass. However, the relative transcript level of the CpGAPDH did not have significant differences in different tissues and roots at different developmental stages of pilosula. Moreover, the stability of the CpGAPDH was analyzed by BestKeeper, geNorm, and NormFinder and RefFinder software, which showed that the CpGAPDH was more stable and could be used as a new reference gene. All these lay a foundation for the expression analysis of the gene relative to the polysaccharide synthesis.


Subject(s)
Codonopsis , Genetics , Glyceraldehyde-3-Phosphate Dehydrogenases , Genetics , Plant Proteins , Genetics , Polysaccharides , Transcriptome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771671

ABSTRACT

The present study is to study the chemical constituents from ethanol extract of Psidium guajava leaves. The constituents were separated and purified by silica gel column chromaiographios over, macroporous resin D-101, Sephadex LH-20, and ODS. Six flavonoids compounds were isolated and identified as quercetin(1), quercetin-3---D-arabinopyranoside(2), quercetin-3---D-ribopyranoside(3), quercetin-3---D-galactopyranoside(4), quercetin-3---D-glucopyranoside(5), and quercetin-3--D-xylpyranoside(6). The antioxidant effects of six flavonoids was evaluated by scavenging ability of DPPH, superoxide anion, ABTS·⁺, and reducing effect of Fe³⁺ as well as total antioxidant capacity(FRAP). Vitamin C was used as positive control. The results indicated that six flavonoids exhibited significant antioxidant effects.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Chemistry , Flavonoids , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Psidium , Chemistry , Quercetin , Chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284834

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the RP-HPLC specific chromatography was adopted, with DIKMA-C18 (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 µm) as the chromatographic column, with a gradient elution compose of acetonitrile and 0.1% phosphoric acid at flow rate of 0.8 mL · min(-1), the detection wavelength was 220 nm. The difference of the HPLC specific chromatograms between the Lu Dangshen and other different base sources and different producing area of Codonopsis Radix was compared, involved in the similarities and differences of the number and the relative peak area of characteristic peaks in the HPLC specific chromatograms. The HPLC specific chromatograms of Lu Dangshen was established and the relative retention times of seven peaks was determined, and the peaks of codonopyrrolidium B, syringin, lobetyolin, tangshenoside I and atractylenoide III were identified; The HPLC specific chromatograms of Lu Dangshen provided a method for scientific evaluation and effective control the quality of Lu Dangshen from Shanxi famous-region.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Codonopsis , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glucosides , Phenylpropionates , Plant Roots , Chemistry , Quality Control
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-789713

ABSTRACT

@#BACKGROUND: Massive pulmonary embolism (MPE) and acute myocardial infarction are the two most common causes of cardiac arrest (CA). At present, lethal hemorrhage makes thrombolytic therapy underused during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, despite the potential benefits for these underlying conditions. Hypercoagulability of the blood in autoimmune disorders (such as autoimmune hemolytic anemia) carries a risk of MPE. It is critical to find out the etiology of CA for timely thrombolytic intervention. METHODS: A 23-year-old woman with a 10-year medical history of autoimmune hemolytic anemia suffered from CA in our emergency intensive care unit. ECG and echocardiogram indicated the possibility of MPE, so fibrinolytic therapy (alteplase) was successful during prolonged resuscitation. RESULTS: Neurological recovery of the patient was generally good, and no fatal bleeding developed. MPE was documented by CT pulmonary angiography. CONCLUSIONS: A medical history of autoimmune disease poses a risk of PE, and the causes of CA (such as this) should be investigated etiologically. A therapy with alteplase may be used early during cardiopulmonary resuscitation once there is presumptive evidence of PE. Clinical trials are needed in this setting to study patients with hypercoagulable states.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350699

ABSTRACT

Edible bird's nest contains lots of glycoproteins. The glycosylation inhomogeneity for glycoprotein often results in wide range of molecular weight and the difficulty for protein separation and charaterization. In this paper, proteins in the edible bird's nest were extracted using multiple extractions, and then digested by PNgase F and trypsin. The digest mixture was separated with HPLC, and peptides were identified based on MS/MS data searching. The results indicated that the extracted proteins were amount to 79.7% of total protein in the edible bird's nest. More than 20 species of peptides in the digested mixture were identified. The sequences of these peptides showed similarity with some proteins from Swiss-prot. The research indicated that deglycosylation, tryptic digestion coupled with HPLC-MS/MS is a proper strategy for characterization of proteins in the edible bird's nest.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Birds , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Glycoproteins , Chemistry , Mass Spectrometry , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Peptide Fragments , Chemistry , Metabolism , Proteolysis
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350668

ABSTRACT

A fraction named GFC-1 with high antioxidant activities in vitro was isolated from the enzymatic hydrolysates of roasted pills of Asini Corii Colla, and the peptides in this fraction were identified. The enzymatic hydrolysates were isolated and purified with anion exchange chromatography and Sephadex G-25 filtration chromatography successively. GFC-1, a fraction isolated from the hydrolysates, exhibited the highest DPPH and ABTS scavenging capacity (DPPH 47. 95% at 2.0 g x L(-1) and ABTS 97.20% at 0.40 g x L(-1). Nine peptides from GFC-1 were identified by LC-ESI-MS/MS coupled with TurboSEQUEST search software and Swiss-Prot data base, and a high repetition core sequence GPAGPP*GPP* was also found.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants , Chemistry , Equidae , Hydrolysis , Mass Spectrometry , Peptides , Chemistry , Protein Hydrolysates , Chemistry , Skin , Chemistry
7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 896-899, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256987

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of the downregulated expression of the prostate androgen regulated (PAR) gene on the cell cycle and apoptosis of PC3 cells as well as on the expression level of Bcl-2/Bax.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After transfecting PC3 cells with small interfering RNA (siRNA) targeting PAR, we detected the inhibitory effect of PAR depletion on the proliferation of the PC3 cells by MTT assay, determined their apoptosis by flow cytometry, and measured the expression levels of Bcl-2 and Bax by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expression of PAR was suppressed by siRNA, the G2-M phase PC3 cells were increased to (29.95 +/- 3.25)%, and the apoptosis of the cells was enhanced to (20.61 +/- 2.73)%, with statistically significant difference from the control group (P < 0.01). Western blot showed a decreased expression of Bcl-2, an increased expression of Bax, and an elevated ratio of Bax to Bcl-2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Downregulation of the PAR expression increases the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and Bax expression, and thus induces the G2-M phase arrest and apoptosis of PC3 cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle Checkpoints , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Prostate , Metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Genetics , bcl-2-Associated X Protein , Genetics , Metabolism
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246172

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the influences of Mannose binding protein (MBP) gene polymorphisms on HBV DNA loads and on the progression of liver disease in patients with chronic HBV infection.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The Codons on 54 MBP gene polymorphisms and HBV DNA loads in a cohort of 395 patients with chronic HBV infection, including 244 with chronic hepatitis B (CHB), 151 with liver cirrhosis (LC) and 88 normal controls were examined by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and fluorescent quantitative PCR (FQ-PCR).</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The MBP genotype frequencies of GGC/GAC and alleles genetic frequencies of GAC in CHB group showed no significant differences comparing to the normal control group (P > 0.05). The MBP genotype frequencies of GGC/GAC and alleles genetic frequencies of GAC on CHB group (severe), compensation phase of LC group and decompensation phase of LC group were higher than those in the normal control group (P < 0.05), the genetic polymorphism of decompensation of LC was 36.5%, highest of all. The MBP genotype frequencies of GGC/GAC and alleles genetic frequencies of GAC of patients with chronic HBV infection were not changed with the differences of HBV-DNA loads.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The codes on 54 MBP gene polymorphisms is not closely related to HBV DNA loads, but was associated with the progression of hepatitis B infection.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Cohort Studies , DNA, Viral , Disease Progression , Female , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Genetics , Humans , Male , Mannose-Binding Lectin , Genetics , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic
9.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 422-424, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286488

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the causes, clinical manifestations, treatment and prevention of calculus that develops in the prostatic cavity after transurethral resection of the prostate.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We reported 11 cases of calculus that developed in the prostatic cavity after transurethral resection or transurethral plasmakinetic resection of prostate. The patients complained of repeated symptoms of frequent micturition, urgent micturition and urodynia after operation, accompanied with urinary tract infection and some with urinary obstruction, which failed to respond to anti-infective therapies. Cystoscopy revealed calculi in the prostatic cavity, with eschar, sphacelus, uneven wound surface and small diverticula in some cases. After diagnosis, 1 case was treated by holmium laser lithotripsy and a second transurethral resection of the prostate, while the other 10 had the calculi removed under the cystoscope, followed by 1 -2 weeks of anti-infective therapy.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, all the 11 cases showed normal results of routine urinalysis, and no more symptoms of frequent micturition, urgent micturition and urodynia. Three- to six-month follow-up found no bladder irritation symptoms and urinary tract infection.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Repeated symptoms of frequent micturition, urgent micturition, urodynia and urinary tract infection after transurethral resection of the prostate should be considered as the indicators of calculus in the prostatic cavity, which can be confirmed by cystoscopy. It can be treated by lithotripsy or removal of the calculus under the cystoscope, or even a second transurethral resection of the prostate. For its prevention, excessive electric coagulation and uneven wound surface should be avoided and anti-infection treatment is needed.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatic Diseases , Therapeutics , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Methods , Urinary Calculi , Therapeutics
10.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 205-206, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642439

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the prevalence state of children in coal-burning borne endemic fluorosis in Fuyuan county Qujing city,to know the implementation of preventing measures,and to provide a scientific basis for prevention of endemic fluorosis.MethodsIn 2009,105 families were sampled to check the service condition of defluoridation stove and the effect of health education (the awareness of use defluoridation stove reasons) in Xiaoyuwang,Tuoga and Shaliang villages,Fucun town of Fuyuan county.Food fluorine of indoor stored peppers and corns was monitored of 20 families in Xiaoyuwang village,5 household were randomly selected from east,west,south,north and middle places of the village.Air fluorine was monitored from indoor air samples of 5families,dental and urinary fluorine was monitored of the native-born children aged 8 to 12,and dental fluorosis of these children was checked.Clinical endemic fluorosis and X-ray endemic fluorosis was monitored of local adult residents over the age of 30 that had been lived in the area for more than 5 years.ResultsThe rate of correct use of the defluoridation stove was 100%,and adult awareness rate of use defluoridation stove reasons was 82.86%(87/105).Of the 19 pepper samples,fluorine content were 9.98 - 538.40 mg/kg and median was 32.38 mg/kg,all exceeded the standard(1.5 mg/kg).Of the 25 corn samples,fluorine content were 0.42 - 101.54 mg/kg and median was 6.32 mg/kg,with 18 samples exceeded the standard(1.0 mg/kg).Of the 6 air samples,fluorine content were 0.000 98 - 0.003 33 mg/kg and median was 0.001 45 mg/kg.Detection rate of dental fluorosis of children aged 8 - 12 was 42.3%,urinary fluorine content were 0.13 - 1.80 mg/L,geometric mean was 0.58 mg/L,4 adults were diagnosed clinical skeletal fluorosis,detection rate was 2.46%(4/162),5 adults were found by X-ray with endemic fluorosis,detection rate was 9.61%(5/52).ConclusionPeppers and cons fluorine pollution is serious,general public should be guided to change their lifestyles to minimize the fluorine pollution.

11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 998-1001, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239044

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the correlation of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the CYP1A2 gene with the stages and grades of prostate cancer (PCa).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We conducted gene sequencing of the rs2069514-3859 (A > G) and rs2069525-1707 (C >T) alleles in the CYP1A2 gene in 253 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and 206 patients with PCa treated by castration therapy, and statistically analyzed their correlations with the genotypes, stages and grades of prostate cancer.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidences of the 2 CYP1A2 SNPs showed no significant difference between the BPH and the castrated PCa patients (P > 0.05), and their genotypes were not correlated with the stages of PCa (P > 0.05). The Gleason scores were mostly <7 in the PCa patients with genotypes containing C in the rs2069525-1707 (C > T) allele (P = 0.030, OR = 4.658, 95% CI: 1.222 - 17.754).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SNPs of the CYP1A2 gene may have some correlations with the pathologic stages of PCa, but their mechanisms and clinical significance need to be further confirmed.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2 , Genetics , Genotype , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology
12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 247-253, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266182

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of methylation inhibitor 5-Aza-2'-Deoxycytidine (5-aza-2dc) and docetaxel (DT), alone or in combination, on the proliferation, migration, apoptosis and cell cycles of the human prostate cancer cell line PC3, and to investigate the possible mechanisms of these two drugs acting on prostate cancer in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Four groups were designed in this experiment: control, 5-aza-2dc, DT, and 5-aza-2dc + DT. The inhibitory effect of 5-aza-2dc and/or DT on the proliferation, migration and invasiveness of PC3 cells was detected by MTT, wound healing assay and cell migration assay, respectively. The apoptosis of the PC3 cells and its relationship with cell cycles were determined by Annexin V-FITC/PI assay and flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>5-aza-2dc and/or DT significantly increased the inhibition rate of the PC3 cells, decreased their migration distance and reduced the number of the cells that invaded the lower chamber, most significantly in the 5-aza-2dc + DT group (P < 0.05). The cell apoptosis rates of the control, 5-aza-2dc, DT and 5-aza-2dc + DT groups were (10.65 +/- 0.39)%, (16.60 +/- 0.67)%, (17.95 +/- 1.08)% and (22.98 +/- 1.18)%, respectively, with the most significant increase in the combination group (P < 0.05). Combined medication of 5-aza-2dc and DT remarkably reduced the number of cells in the G0/G1 phase, and increased that in the G2/M phase (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>5-aza-2dc and DT, either alone or in combination, can significantly inhibit the proliferation, migration and invasiveness of PC3 cells in vitro, as well as induce their apoptosis and arrest their cell cycles in the G2/M phase, with even more significant effect when used in combination than applied alone.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Deoxycytidine , Pharmacology , Drug Synergism , Humans , Male , Taxoids , Pharmacology
13.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1079-1082, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266234

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the regulatory effect of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug NS398 on the expression of the RECK gene in the animal model of prostate cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nude mouse models of prostate cancer were divided into an experimental and a control group, the former fed with NS398 at 0.1 mg/g per day for 10, 20 and 30 days, while latter left without medication. All the mice were killed at 30 days, the mRNA expressions of RECK and MMP-9 in the tumor tissues measured by RT-PCR, and the protein level of RECK evaluated by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both the mRNA and protein expressions of RECK were increased, while the level of MMP-9 decreased, in an obviously time-dependent manner in the experimental group as compared with the control.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NS398 obviously inhibits the pathogenesis and metastasis of prostate cancer, which may be attributed to its induction of the expression of the RECK gene and suppression of the expression of MMP-9.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Pharmacology , GPI-Linked Proteins , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Humans , Male , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Nude , Nitrobenzenes , Pharmacology , Sulfonamides , Pharmacology , Tumor Cells, Cultured
14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 410-414, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295050

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effectiveness of freeze-thaw antigens and acid eluted peptide antigens extracted from tumor cell-pulsed dendritic cells (DC) in inducing prostate cancer-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Tumor antigens were extracted from the prostate cancer cell line PC-3 with the repeated freeze-thaw and weak acid elution methods. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were cultured with recombinant human GM-CSF and IL-4 for inducing DCs in vitro. Then the DCs were pulsed with the two kinds of prostate cancer tumor antigens respectively and cultured with T cells for inducing CTLs. The activity of the tumor-specific CTLs were detected by LDH release assay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The protein content in the tumor antigens obtained from PC-3 (2 x 10(7)) by citric acid-phosphate buffer elution and that by the repeated freeze-thaw method were (212.2 +/- 7.9) microg and (963.0 +/- 25.3) microg, respectively. The two kinds of prostate cancer antigens-pulsed DCs had a significant role in inducing the PC-3 cell-specific CTLs, and the CTLs induced by acid-eluted peptide antigen-pulsed DCs exhibited an even more significant tumor-specific cytotoxicity than those induced by repeated freeze-thaw ([60.4 +/- 5.52]% vs. [43.7 +/- 4.11]%, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both the weak acid elution and repeated freeze-thaw methods for extracting prostate cancer antigens can be used for in vitro sensitization of DCs. The DCs pulsed by either of the two kinds of antigens can activate CTLs, and the antigens extracted by weak acid elution are even more effective.</p>


Subject(s)
Antigens, Neoplasm , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Line, Tumor , Dendritic Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Cytotoxic , Allergy and Immunology
15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 730-731, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295009

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the feasibility of the treatment of hypospadias with penile and scrotal skin flaps.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twenty-three hypospadias patients aged 3.5-19 (mean 6. 8) years underwent urethroplasty with penile and scrotal skin flaps. All were followed up for 6 years and analyzed retrospectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the total number of patients, 21 (91.3%) succeeded in one operation and the other 2 developed complications, including urethral fistula and urethral structure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Penile and scrotal skin, advantageous for its adequacy, rich blood supply and contribution to high success rate of surgery, is believed to be the first choice for urethroplasty in the treatment of hypospadias.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Hypospadias , General Surgery , Male , Penis , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Scrotum , General Surgery , Skin Transplantation , Surgical Flaps
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 713-716, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241271

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the safety of hyperbaric oxygen in the treatment of radiation-induced hemorrhagic cystitis in patients with prostate cancer, and to investigate its effect on the growth of indolent prostate cancer in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty severe combined-immunodeficient mice received subcutaneous injection of human prostate cancer LNCaP cells. Then they were randomized to an experimental and a control group and exposed to 20 sessions of hyperbaric oxygen and normobaric air, respectively, followed by a 4-week observation on the growth of the transplanted tumors and analyses of their histopathological features at 28 days, including the volume, microvessel density (CD34), apoptosis markers (p53 and p27 proteins) and the proliferation index (Ki-67) of the LNCaP tumors.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>On the 28th day after tumor vaccination, the tumor volume was (120 +/- 7.9) mm3 in the HBO and (122 +/- 8.2) mm3 in the control group; the microvessel density and the expressions of Ki-67, p53 and p27 were 39.3 +/- 5.2, (78.1 +/- 7.6)%, (40.4 +/- 6.2)% and (63.7 +/- 5.1)% in the former, and 36.2 +/- 4.9, (75.3 +/- 8.4)%, (44.2 +/- 5.7)% and (61.5 +/- 5.5)% in the latter. There were no significant differences in all the indexes above between the two groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Hyperbaric oxygen did not promote the growth of indolent prostate cancer in the murine model, nor did it have any significant effect on the new vessels.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Male , Mice , Mice, SCID , Prostatic Neoplasms , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
17.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 829-832, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241246

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the clinicopathological characteristics, treatment and prognostic features of prostatic small cell carcinoma (SCC).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One case of SCC was reported, and the relevant literature was reviewed and analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Prostate specific antigen (PSA) was increased (39.26 ng/ml); computed tomography revealed multiple nodules in the retroperitoneum and cavita pelvis; ECT showed multiple osseous metastasis; and needle biopsy of the prostate confirmed SCC. Negative expressions of PSA, Bcl-2 and P504S were found by immunohistochemical staining. The cancer was clinically staged at T4N1M1. Because the patient was beyond surgery and refused chemotherapy, Zadaxin (thymosin alpha 1) was given to relieve the clinical symptoms. The patient died five months after the diagnosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>SCC is a rare subset of prostate cancer, with high malignancy, rapid growth, fast metastasis and very poor prognosis. Its diagnosis relies on pathological examinations. PSA cannot be a specific tumor marker of SCC, but some immunophenotypes may help its differential diagnosis. As for its treatment, surgery should be considered in the early stage; neither hormonal therapy nor chemotherapy can afford a favorable prognosis, although the latter may effect a short-term relief of the clinical symptoms.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Small Cell , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Metabolism , Prostatic Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Retrospective Studies
18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 341-345, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-292374

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the anti-tumor effect of the endothelin A receptor antagonist BQ123 on human prostate cancer cell line PC-3M in vitro by observing its impact on the proliferation and apoptosis of human prostate cancer cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The inhibiting effect of BQ123 on the proliferation of PC-3M cells was observed by MTT assay, erosion trace test and Transwell chamber chemotaxis assay, and its induction of their apoptosis determined by Annexin V-FITC/PI staining and cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>BQ123 exhibited increased inhibition of PC-3M cells in a time-dependent manner, with inhibition rates of 22.32%, 44.88% and 64.47% at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h, respectively (P < 0.05). The migration distances of the PC-3M cells in the BQ123 group were (103.42 +/- 75.63) microm, (243.75 +/- 121.53) microm and (422.07 +/- 36.01) microm at 12 h, 24 h and 48 h, obviously lower than (162.93 +/- 19.87) microm, (317.19 +/- 43.19) microm and (692.74 +/- 40.84) microm in the control group (P < 0.05). The number of the PC-3M cells that invaded the inferior chamber in the BQ123 group was (79.2 +/- 9.58), significantly decreased as compared with (92.6 +/- 5.94) in the control (P < 0.05). The apoptosis rate of PC-3M exposed to BQ123 was (15.03 +/- 0.93)%, significantly higher than (9.38 +/- 1.37)% in the control (P < 0.05). The ratio of PC-3M cells in different cycles showed no significant differences.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>BQ123 inhibits the proliferation of PC-3M cells and induces their apoptosis in vitro, which may give a new idea on the studies of prostate cancer therapies.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Endothelin A Receptor Antagonists , Humans , Male , Peptides, Cyclic , Pharmacology , Prostatic Neoplasms
19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 303-306, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319265

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To investigate the regulative effect of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug NS398 on the RECK gene in the prostate carcinoma strain DU145.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DU145 was treated with various concentrations of NS398 for 48 hours. The mRNA level was measured by RT PCR technique and the expression of the RECK protein determined by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mRNA level of the RECK gene was obviously higher, while the MMP9 level markedly lower in the treated group than in the control, and so was the expression of the RECK protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>NS398 induces the expression of the RECK gene, which might be the mechanism of its anti-tumor effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Pharmacology , Blotting, Western , Cattle , Cell Line, Tumor , GPI-Linked Proteins , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Male , Membrane Glycoproteins , Genetics , Nitrobenzenes , Pharmacology , Prostatic Neoplasms , Genetics , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sulfonamides , Pharmacology
20.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 489-493, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319209

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the anti-tumor effect of celecoxib on human prostate cancer cell line PC-3 in vitroby observing its effects on the proliferation and apoptosis of PC-3 cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The effects of Celecoxib on the proliferation of PC-3 cells were observed by MTT assay, erosion trace test and Transwell-chamber chemotaxis assay, and their apoptosis detected by Annexin V/FITC fluorescent staining and flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>With the increasing concentration and exposure time, Celecoxib exhibited an increased rate of inhibition on PC-3 cells in a dose- and time-dependent manner (P < 0.05). Compared with the controls, the migration distance of the PC-3 cells and the number of the PC-3 cells that invaded the inferior chamber were significantly decreased in the 100 gm/L Celecoxib group (P < 0.05). Celecoxib induced the apoptosis of PC-3 cells and, at 100 microm/L, significantly increased the percentage of PC-3 cells in the G0/G1 phase but decreased it in the S phase as compared with the control group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Celecoxib inhibits the proliferation and induces the apoptosis of PC-3 cells in vitro, which, as a new therapeutic for prostate cancer, well deserves further investigation.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Celecoxib , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms , Pathology , Pyrazoles , Pharmacology , Sulfonamides , Pharmacology , Time Factors
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