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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1-12, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913160

ABSTRACT

Due to the complexity of tumor pathology, the demand for the combined use of multiple drugs in clinical treatment has become increasingly clear-cut. Multi-drug combination can act on multiple pathways and multiple targets simultaneously to exert synergistic effects. However, the current delivery strategy for multi-drug combination still needs to be optimized. Nano-drug delivery systems can carry drugs to overcome physiological and pathological barrier to target tumor tissues and cells, achieve the goal of continuous, controllable, and targeted delivery, and enhance the efficacy of anti-tumor synergism and detoxification. To meet the new requirements for smarter and more accurate antitumor multi-drug combinational therapy, the nano-drug delivery system has been well-designed to realize more functions. For instance, delivery of multiple drugs in accurate proportions and doses can make the multi-drug synergistic effect more precise; stimulus-responsive drug release can improve selectivity and reduce side effects; controlling the time-course relationship of multiple drugs can realize sequential drug combination effect. It has shown broad prospects in the field of tumor multidrug therapy and has become one of the new directions of research and development. This article reviews the recent developments in the application of tumor drug combination therapy strategies and their delivery systems, and analyzes the new requirements and challenges of multidrug combination for the development of nano-drug delivery systems.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 296-302, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922938

ABSTRACT

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is defined as the electron reduction product of oxygen with high reactivity which can maintain normal physiological functions and redox homeostasis. The tumor microenvironment is in a state of oxidative stress. ROS can affect multiple processes of tumor immune response by modulating the phenotype and functions of tumor cells and immune cells. With the rapid development of immunology, ROS-based tumor immunomodulation has been widely concerned and studied. In this review, the mechanism of ROS participating in tumor immune response is elaborated. Meanwhile, the research process and application of ROS in tumor immunomodulation in recent years are reviewed and analyzed.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921911

ABSTRACT

Recurrent anterior dislocation of shoulder with bone defect is one of the common diseases of shoulder joint. How to effectively repair glenoid bone defect and reduce recurrence rate of shoulder dislocation is a problem that clinicians focus on. Bone grafting could stimulate bone, promote bone regeneration and bone remodeling, and restore the normal anatomical structure of glenoid. Among them, Bristow-Latarjet procedure is a classic operation for recurrent shoulder dislocation. Latarjet procedure could repair larger glenoid bone defects, but with higher surgical skills for surgeons;autogenous iliac grafting is the first choice for revision once Latarjet procedure failed;osteochondral grafting (autogenous and allogenous) has certain advantages in reconstructing original articular surface and preventing joint degeneration, but autologous osteochondral grafting may cause secondary injury, while immune rejection is difficult to avoid for allogenous osteochondral grafting. With the improvement of composite materials, and the mechanism of bone regeneration and remodeling, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of bone grafting, tissue engineering technology may become an effective method for the treatment of glenoid bone defect in the future.


Subject(s)
Bone Transplantation , Humans , Joint Instability , Recurrence , Shoulder , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint
4.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1610-1615, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887581

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) are a series of severe complications in the perioperative and anesthetic periods with a decline in memory, execution ability, and information processing speed as the primary clinical manifestation. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of edaravone (EDA) on PND and peripheral blood C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 13 (CXCL13) levels in elderly patients with hip replacement.@*METHODS@#A total of 160 elderly patients undergoing hip arthroplasty in Affiliated Dongguan People's Hospital of Southern Medical University (from March 2016 to March 2018) were randomly and double-blindly categorized into an EDA group and a control group (CON). Group EDA was administered intravenously EDA 30 min before surgery, and group CON was administered intravenously saline. The cognitive function of the two groups was evaluated 1-day before the operation and at 1 and 12 months after surgery, and the incidence of post-operative delirium was tested on days 1, 3, and 7 after surgery using the Chinese version of the confusion assessment method. Serum CXCL13 and interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations were measured before anesthesia, during surgery (30 min after skin incision), and on days 1, 3, and 7 after surgery. The continuous variables in accordance with normal distribution were tested using the Student's t test, the continuous variables without normal distribution using the Mann-Whitney U test, and categorical variables by the χ2 test or Fisher exact test.@*RESULTS@#The incidence of post-operative delirium within 7 days after surgery was significantly higher in group CON than that in group EDA (31.3% vs. 15.0%, t = -5.6, P < 0.001). The modified telephone interview for cognitive status and activities of daily life scores were significantly higher in the group EDA than those in the group CON at 1 month (39.63 ± 4.35 vs. 33.63 ± 5.81, t = -2.13, P < 0.05 and 74.3 ± 12.6 vs. 61.2 ± 13.1, t = -1.69, P < 0.05) and 12 months (40.13 ± 5.93 vs. 34.13 ± 5.36, t = -3.37, P < 0.05 and 79.6 ± 11.7 vs. 65.6 ± 16.6, t = -2.08, P < 0.05) after surgery; and the incidence of neurocognitive dysfunction was significantly lower in the group EDA than that in the group CON (P < 0.05). Serum CXCL13 and IL-6 concentrations were significantly lower in the group EDA than those in the group CON during and after surgery (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EDA can significantly reduce the serum concentrations of CXCL13 and IL-6 and improve the PND of patients.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects , Chemokines, CXC/drug effects , Delirium , Double-Blind Method , Edaravone , Humans , Ligands , Postoperative Complications
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879467

ABSTRACT

The surgical treatment of recurrent anterior shoulder dislocation is a difficult problem in the field of sports injury medicine. The main reason focus on dynamic and osseous constraints of shoulder joint could not recover well. At present, arthroscopic surgery is used at home and abroad, and could receive statisfied postoperative effect, but the choice of specific surgical methods is still controversial. According to presence and size of glenoid and humeral skull defects, different treatments should be selected in clinic. The author recommends that no articular glenoid defect or glenoid defect 40% or Bristow-Latarjet if the surgical repair fails, bone grafting is used. In addition, if (humeral avulsion of glenohumeral ligaments, HAGL) injury existed, HAGL injury repair should be used. In addition to considering the important factor of bone defects, it is necessary to combine patient's age, exercise level and surgeon's technique to comprehensively select the bestsurgical method.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Joint Instability , Recurrence , Scapula , Shoulder Dislocation/surgery , Shoulder Joint
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879390

ABSTRACT

Shoulder arthroscopic as a conventional method usually is applied to repair rotator cuff tears. In clinical, plenty single-row, double-row and transosseous tunnels suture technique are performed, but the ideal suture technique for rotator cuff repair is not found. Compared with single-row, double-row has better strength in biomechanics property. As the two best suture technique among the single-row, massive cuff stitch and modified Mason-Allen suture have the strongest biomechanics property. Clinical trials indicate that double-row could improve healing rates, but there are no significant difference in clinical outcome functional scores. Transosseous tunnel techniques possess a better bio-mechanic property, which could improve regional micro-environment and induce tendon-bone healing. Transosseous tunnel techniques are better for small to media size rotator cuff tears and osteoporosis patient. The author suggest that optimal rotator cuff repair technique should performed according to skill of performer and individual of patient by analysing bio-mechanic properties, clinical outcome, operative complexity and patient situation. The technique should follow simple opertaion, rapid, less trauma, stable fixation and utility to perform.


Subject(s)
Arthroscopy , Humans , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Suture Anchors , Suture Techniques , Sutures
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828226

ABSTRACT

Rotator cuff repair is a common treatment for rotator cuff tear, which could effectively relieve shoulder pain and improve shoulder movement, and the incidence of rotator cuff retear after rotator cuff repair is still high. The main reason is poor tendon-bone healing in rotator cuff enthesis after rotator cuff repair and could not recover the original histological structure and biomechanical properties. Therefore, the key to solve the problem is how to effectively improve the healing of tendon bone at the end of rotator cuff. With the in-depth study of rotator cuff enthesis, various treatments have made great progress on improving tendon to bone healing of rotator cuff. Our study will discuss the researchprogress on tendon to bone healing of rotator cuff in recent years from three following aspects to provide some guidance for the clinical treatment of rotator cuff tear:the factors affecting the tendon to bone healing of rotator cuff, the recovery of tendon to bone interface promoting the tendon to bone healing of rotator cuff and the application of tissue engineering in tendon to bone healing.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty , Humans , Rotator Cuff , General Surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries , General Surgery , Tendons , General Surgery , Wound Healing
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827521

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The effects of different tube currents and voltages on image quality and radiation dose were studied to provide a theoretical basis for low-dose cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) scanning in children.@*METHODS@#Different tube currents and voltages were used to scan the incisor area of fresh Bama pig heads by CBCT. The radiation dose was recorded, and image quality was evaluated.@*RESULTS@#As the tube current or voltage decreased, the radiation dose and image quality gradually decreased. The computed tomographic dose index (CTDIvol) of 90 kV, 2.5 mA and 60 kV, 7.0 mA were all 1.7 mGy. The image quality score of the former was higher than that of the latter, and the difference between them was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Low-dose CBCT scanning appears to be able to reduce the necessary tube current during imaging by improving image quality.


Subject(s)
Animals , Child , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Feasibility Studies , Head , Humans , Radiation Dosage , Swine
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879375

ABSTRACT

Titanium alloy has good biological properties and is commonly used in orthopedics, but its bone integrity and antibacterial properties are poor, so surface modification is needed to make up for its shortcomings. Chitosan has good biocompatibility and film forming ability, and can be used as a carrier to introduce the target drug to the surface of titanium alloy, which can effectively improve the biological properties of titanium alloy materials and increase its application range. In this paper, the related research of chitosan surface modified titanium alloy materials in recent years is summarized. The modification methods of chitosan coating, the improvement of osteogenesisand antibacterial properties of titanium alloy materials are discussed in order to provide guidance for the clinical application of coating modification of titanium alloy materials.


Subject(s)
Alloys , Anti-Bacterial Agents/pharmacology , Chitosan , Orthopedics , Surface Properties , Titanium
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879337

ABSTRACT

The rate of rotator cuff injury repair and retear is high in elderly patients due to the combination of different degrees of osteoporosis. To solve this problem, many surgeons try to reduce retear rate of rotator cuff injuries in these patients by increasing the initial fixation strength of anchors and changing local bone conditions. The rapid advances of tissue engineering have made it possible to use growth factors as an aid. However, repair of rotator cuff injury with osteoporosis is still a great challenge for clinical workers. How to better increase anchor fixation strength, improve micro-environment of tendon and bone healing, reduce the rotator cuff retear rate have become the research focus in recent years. The paper reviewed literatures on the relationshipbetween osteoporosis and rotator cuff injury, effect of osteoporosis in rotator cuff tendon healing, methods of reducing osteoporosis on rotator cuff tendon healing, in order to guide clinical treatment, improve operative effect and postoperative satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Aged , Arthroplasty , Humans , Osteoporosis , Rotator Cuff/surgery , Rotator Cuff Injuries/surgery , Tendons/surgery
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816445

ABSTRACT

Lateral lymph node metastasis is a common problem in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with low rectal cancer. Eastern and western scholars are still controversial about the combination of lateral lymph node dissection in TME surgery for middle and low rectal cancer.The study of correlation between laparoscopic or robotassisted lateral lymph node dissection and open surgery is still in retrospective analysis, and prospective cohort studies are needed to further confirm their superiority. Whether neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy can replace lateral lymph node dissection is still inconclusive, and it is related to the cognition that the lateral lymph node metastasis belongs to the regional or the systemic metastasis of the oriental and occidental scholars.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical outcomes of endoscopic intestinal stenting combined with elective surgery and emergency surgery at the same time for resectable left colon cancer or rectal cancer with intestinal obstruction and to explore the best time for reoperation after stent implantation. METHODS: The clinical data of 82 cases who underwent endoscopic intestinal stenting in the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University for the treatment of left colon cancer and rectal cancer with intestinal obstruction from March 2014 to September 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. Treatments were defined as effective only if primary anastomosis was received without a stoma,and those clinical outcomes were analyzed by receiver operator characteristic(ROC)curve. Another 44 patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer complicated with intestinal obstruction underwent emergency surgery during the same period were the control group. The differences in the first-stage surgical anastomosis rate,average operation time,total hospitalization time,total hospitalization expenses,and postoperative complications between two groups were compared.RESULTS: The area under the ROC curve(AUC)was 0.693 with a certain degree of accuracy(P<0.05). Compared to those within 8 days,the rate of primary anastomosis was significantly higher in those received elective surgery over 8 days,the average operation time was significantly decreased,and the ICU utilization rate was also significantly decreased(P<0.05).Compared with the emergency operation group,the stent group had a significantly higher rate of primary anastomosis,and the average operation time was significantly lower. The postoperative ICU utilization rate and the incidence of diarrhea were significantly lower,but the total hospitalization days and total hospitalization expenses were significantly increased(P <0.05).CONCLUSION: Endoscopic intestinal stenting combined with elective surgery for left colon cancer and rectal cancer intestinal obstruction is safe and feasible,and elective surgery should be implemented over 8 days for its security.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695729

ABSTRACT

Objective·To investigate the relationship between the red blood cell distribution width (RDW) and the severity of right heart failure in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Methods?·?A total of 265 patients with simple COPD and 268 COPD patients with right heart failure admitted to Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from October 2011 to September 2016 were enrolled. According to the New York Heart Association (NYHA) criteria, all COPD patients with right heart failure were divided into Group A (ClassⅠ), Group B (Class Ⅱ), Group C (Class Ⅲ) and Group D (Class Ⅳ). The RDW, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), pro-brain natriuretic peptide, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were measured within 24 h after admission for all patients. The RDW trends and related influencing factors in different groups were analyzed and compared. Results?·?There was no significant difference in the gender, age, forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), and COPD exacerbation times between the COPD group and the COPD with right heart failure group (all P>0.05). However, there was a significant difference in red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin, MCV, RDW, pro-brain natriuretic peptide, and arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) (all P<0.05). In COPD with right heart failure group, there was no significant difference in age, RBC, hemoglobin, MCV, and PaO2among the four groups (all P>0.05). With the increase of the patients′ NYHA functional class, both pro-brain natriuretic peptide and RDW showed a similarly significant increase (both P=0.000). Through further multiple comparisons of RDW among four groups, there was a significant difference between any two groups (all P<0.05). Conclusion?·?RDW in patients with COPD with right heart failure is significantly elevated, and is closely related to right heart failure.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1797-1807, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780060

ABSTRACT

Multidrug resistance (MDR) seriously affects the clinical efficacy of chemotherapeutic drugs. One of the main mechanisms of MDR is the overexpression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in tumor cells that reduces the intracellular drug concentrations and limits the effective use of chemotherapeutic drugs. Accordingly, application of P-gp inhibitors that can reverse tumor MDR is an effective strategy to enhance the anti-tumor effect of chemotherapeutic drugs. In recent years, D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS) has been widely applied as the potential P-gp inhibitor for its excellent P-gp inhibition effect as well as good safety. In this paper, we reviewed the P-gp inhibitors, the mechanisms of TPGS in reversing P-gp-mediated MDR and the application of TPGS-based nano-drug delivery system.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351344

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of embryonic lead exposure on motor function and balance ability in offspring rats and the possible mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An animal model of embryonic lead exposure was prepared with the use of pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats freely drinking 0.1% (low-dose group, LG) or 0.2% (high-dose group, HG) lead acetate solution. A normal control group (NG) was also set. The male offspring rats of these pregnant rats were included in the study, consisting of 12 rats in the NG group, 10 rats in the LG group, and 9 rats in the HG group. The offspring rats' motor function and balance ability were evaluated using body turning test and coat hanger test. Eight rats were randomly selected from each group, and immunohistochemistry and Timm's staining were employed to measure the expression of c-Fos and mossy fiber sprouting (MFS) in the hippocampus.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The HG group had a significantly longer body turning time than the NG and LG groups (P<0.05), and the LG group had a significantly longer body turning time than the NG group (P<0.05). The HG group had a significantly lower score of balance ability than the NG and LG groups (P<0.05), and the LG group had a significantly lower score of balance ability than the NG group (P<0.05). The area percentage of c-Fos-positive neurons in the hippocampal CA1 region was significantly higher in the HG group than in the other two groups (P<0.05), and it was significantly higher in the LG group than in the NG group (P<0.05). The semi-quantitative scores of MFS in the hippocampal CA3 region and dentate gyrus were significantly higher in the HG group than in the other two groups (P<0.05), and they were significantly higher in the LG group than in the NG group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Embryonic lead exposure could impair the offspring rats' motor function and balance ability. These changes may be related to increased c-Fos expression in the hippocampal CA3 region and abnormal MFS in the hippocampal CA3 region and dentate gyrus.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Fetus , Hippocampus , Chemistry , Lead , Toxicity , Male , Mossy Fibers, Hippocampal , Motor Activity , Postural Balance , Pregnancy , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-fos , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351323

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effects of embryonic lead exposure on food intake and bowel movement in offspring rats and possible mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sprague-Dawley rats were given 0.1% (low-dose lead exposure group) or 0.2% (high-dose lead exposure group) lead acetate freely during pregnancy to establish an animal model of embryonic lead exposure. A blank control group was also established. The male offspring rats were enrolled in the study, and 10 male offspring rats from each group were selected to observe the changes in food intake, bowel movement, gastric emptying, intestine propulsion, and pathological inflammatory response in the gastric mucosa. Eight offspring rats were selected from each group, and electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry were used to observe the changes in the ultrastructure of jejunal microvilli and cell junction and the expression of cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8) and motilin (MTL) in the feeding center, in order to reveal the possible mechanisms for abnormal gastrointestinal motility in offspring rats induced by embryonic lead exposure.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the low- and high-dose lead exposure groups had a significant reduction in daily food intake, a significant increase in water content of feces, a significant reduction in fecal pellet weight, and a significant increase in small intestine propulsion (P<0.05). The high-dose lead exposure group had a significant reduction in gastric emptying ability compared with the control group (P<0.05). Compared with the control group, the lead exposure groups had significantly greater pathological inflammatory changes in the gastric mucosa (P<0.05), significant reductions in the number and length of the jejunal microvilli and the number of epithelial desmosome junctions (P<0.05), a significant increase in the macula densa gap (P<0.05), and significant increases in the expression of MTL and CCK-8 in the feeding center (P<0.05), in a dose-dependent manner.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The degree of gastrointestinal structural injury and expression levels of MTL and CCK-8 in the feeding center are lead dose-dependent, which may be important mechanisms for changes in food intake, bowel movement, and digestive functions in offspring rats induced by embryonic lead exposure.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Defecation , Eating , Female , Fetus , Gastric Emptying , Jejunum , Pathology , Lead , Toxicity , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812464

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to develop and evaluate glycyrrhetinic acid-graft-hyaluronic acid (HGA) conjugate for intravenous paclitaxel (PTX) delivery. Lyophilized PTX-loaded self-assembled HGA nanoparticles (PTX/HGAs) were prepared and characterized by dynamic light scattering measurements. Hemolysis test, intravenous irritation assessment, and in vitro and in vivo pharmacodynamic studies were carried out. B16F10 and HepG2 cells were used in the cell apoptosis analysis. The mouse MDA-MB-231 xenograft model was used for the evaluation of in vivo anticancer activity of the drugs, by the analysis of tumor growth and side effects on other tissues. PTX/HGAs showed high stability and good biocompability. Compared with PTX plus GA plus HA solution, PTX/HGAs displayed obvious superiority in inducing the apoptosis of the cancer cells. Following systemic administration, PTX/HGAs efficiently suppressed tumor growth, with mean tumor inhibition ratio (TIR) being 65.08%, which was significantly higher than that of PTX plus GA plus HA treatment. In conclusion, PTX/HGAs demonstrated inhibitory effects tumor growth without unwanted side effects, suggesting that HGA conjugates hold a great potential as a delivery carrier for cancer chemotherapeutics to improve therapeutic efficacy and minimize adverse effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Chemistry , Apoptosis , Drug Carriers , Chemistry , Drug Delivery Systems , Methods , Drug Synergism , Female , Glycyrrhetinic Acid , Chemistry , Hep G2 Cells , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Chemistry , Male , Mice , Paclitaxel , Chemistry
18.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2015; 31 (5): 1152-1155
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-174104

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to explore the diagnostic value of ultrasound-guided [US-guided] fine-needle aspiration cytology [FNAC], thyroglobulin measurement on fine-needle aspiration [FNA-Tg], combined US-guided FNAC, and the ratio between FNA-Tg and serum Tg [FNA-Tg/serum Tg] for patients with cervical lymph node [CLN] metastases from thyroid carcinoma. We selected 148 patients with thyroid cancer with suspicious CLN metastases who met the inclusion criteria. FNAC findings, FNA-Tg levels, and serum Tg levels were evaluated before surgical treatment. The results of FNAC and FNA-Tg from CLNs were analyzed retrospectively. Ninety-four of 148 cases were metastatic and 54 were benign. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of FNAC were 68.1%, 100.0%, and 79.7%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of FNA-Tg/serum Tg were 91.5%, 88.9%, and 90.5%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of FNA-Tg [10 ng/mL] were 98.9%, 68.5%, and 87.8%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of combined US-guided FNAC and FNA-Tg/serum Tg were 95.7%, 96.3%, and 95.9%, respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between FNAC and combined US-guided FNAC and FNA-Tg/serum Tg for sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy [P < 0.05]. The method of FNA-Tg/serum Tg is sensitive enough for diagnosing CLN metastases from thyroid cancer. The combined application of US-guided FNAC and FNA-Tg/serum Tg contributes to improving the accuracy of diagnosing CLN metastases in patients with thyroid cancer

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330346

ABSTRACT

Persicae Semen (PS), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used for the syndrome of blood stasis in China since the Eastern Han Dynasty. In the present study, we developed an HPLC-UV fingerprint analysis method for the quality control of PS. The HPLC fingerprint was performed on Shimadzu Inertsil C18 column (4.6 mm x 250 mm, 5 microm) at 35 degrees C. The mobile phases were composed of acetonitrile and water using a gradient elution. The flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1), and the detection wavelength was set at 210 nm. The fingerprint method was validated according to the Guidelines for Traditional Chinese Medicine Injection Fingerprint, and applied to determine 41 batches representative herbs collected from Xinjiang of China. The chromatographic peaks were characterized by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS, and nine of them were identified by comparison with the literature and/or reference standards. In order to classify and assess the samples, hierarchical clustering analysis and partial least square discriminant analysis were performed based on the common chromatographic peaks, and the samples were geographically classified into two classes, with six chemical compounds as classification markers which were significantly different between the two classes (P < 0.05).


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Prunus , Chemistry , Quality Control , Seeds , Chemistry
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 131-137, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235692

ABSTRACT

To investigate the rat intestinal absorption of stearic acid-octaarginine (SA-R8) modified solid lipid nanoparticles containing paclitaxel (SA-R8-PTX-SLN), compared with the commercially available preparation of PTX (Taxol) and PTX-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (PTX-SLN), the in situ intestinal absorption of SA-R8-PTX-SLN was investigated by means of single-pass rat intestinal perfusion technique. The absorptions of the preparations were investigated at different intestinal segments, different drug concentrations and in the presence of P-glycoprotein inhibitor (verapamil). The results showed that PTX could be absorbed at each intestinal segment and the three preparations all showed maximum absorptions at the duodenum. The cumulative absorptions of three preparations at each intestinal segment appeared SA-R8-PTX-SLN > PTX-SLN > Taxol (P < 0.05). SA-R8-PTX-SLN showed a liner absorption manner at the duodenum in the examined drug concentration range. The cumulative absorptions of Taxol and PTX-SLN were significantly promoted after the addition of P-glycoprotein inhibitor (verapamil) into the preparation (P < 0.05), but absorption of SA-R8-PTX-SLN existed no significantly difference compared with the preparation without verapamil (P > 0.05). SA-R8 and SLN might both effectively improve the oral absorption of PTX in the intestinal tract.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Animals , Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Cell-Penetrating Peptides , Chemistry , Drug Carriers , Intestinal Absorption , Lipids , Chemistry , Male , Nanoparticles , Oligopeptides , Chemistry , Paclitaxel , Chemistry , Pharmacokinetics , Perfusion , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stearic Acids , Chemistry , Verapamil , Pharmacology
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