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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879434

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical value and safety of unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion by muscle-splitting approach treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 51 patients with recurrent lumbar disc herniation treated from June 2012 to December 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 32 males and 19 females, aged 34 to 64 years with an average of (51.11± 7.28) years. Lesions invoved L@*RESULTS@#There was no statistical difference in operation time between two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Muscle-splitting approach is feasible for thetreatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation with pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion. Compared with the median incision approach, the muscle-splitting approach has the advantages of small incision, less trauma, less bleeding, rapid recovery. Also it can protect multifidus and do not increase the incidence of serious complications. Thus, it can be used as a choice for fixation and fusion of recurrent lumbar disc herniation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Muscles , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical effect of combined fixation and interbody bone grafting through intermuscular approach with different fusion cages in the treatment of single segment lumbar diseases.@*METHODS@#From June 2014 to December 2016, the clinical data of 123 cases of single segment lumbar diseases were analyzed retrospectively, including 44 males and 79 females, aged 22 to 60 years old, with the diseases course of 6 to 84 months. The disease types involved lumbar disc degeneration in 65 cases, lumbar spinal stenosis in 30 cases, MeyerdingⅠslip in 21 cases, giant lumbar disc herniation in 7 cases. Lesions was L in 5 cases, L in 101 cases, LS in 17 cases. According to the application of different interbody fusion cage, patients were divided into single common cage group, double common cage group and banana type cage group. The operation time, intraoperative hemorrhage, postoperative incision drainage fluid and incision length were observed in three groups; VAS score of lumbar incision and JOA score of preoperative and final follow up were recorded 72 hours after operation;the intervertebral space height, Cobb angle of lumbar coronal and sagittal plane before and after operation, and interbody fusion 12 months after operation were observed by imaging data.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in incision length, operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, postoperative drainage volume and VAS score of lumbar incision 72 hours after operation among three groups (>0.05). All cases were followed up for 12 to 36 (23.70±4.52) months. The height of intervertebral space in three groups recovered significantly (banana type fusion cage group>double common fusion cage group. At the last follow-up, the Cobb angle in the coronaland sagittal planes of the three groups were significantly improved (<0.05). During the follow-up, there were 42 cases of fusion cage subsidence, including 26 cases in the single common cage group, 5 cases in the double common cage group, 11 cases in the banana cage group, the difference was statistically significant (<0.05). At 12 months after operation, the interbody fusion rate was 83% in the single common cage group, 95% in the double common cage group and 90% in the banana cage group, the interbody fusion rate in the two common cage group and the banana cage group was better than that in the single common cage group. No obvious degeneration was observed in the adjacent segments. At the last follow-up, the JOA scores of the three groups were statistically significant (<0.05). The incidence of single common fusion cage group was 10%(4 / 42), that of double common fusion cage group was 9%(4 / 43), and that of banana fusion cage group was 10%(4 / 39). There was no significant difference among the three groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Through the intermuscular approach, single pedicle screw and contralateral facet screw were used for fixation, and single common fusion cage, double common fusion cage or banana type fusion cage were used for interbody grafting to treat single segment lumbar disease. Although the application of different fusion cage could not increase the axial strength of fixed segment, the speed of fusion was accelerated by increasing the contact area, and the quality of the fusion cage reduces the settlement of the cage and the loss of the height of the intervertebral space. Therefore, two interbody fusion cages implanted in one side are of positive clinical significance for the fixation of unilateral pedicle screw combined with contralateral facet screw, without prolonging the operation time and increasing the complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , General Surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879369

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the causes of vascular injury occurred in oblique lateral interbody fusion for treating lumbar degenerative diseases, and put forward preventive measures.@*METHODS@#There were 235 patients analyzed from October 2014 to May 2017 in five hospitals, who were treated with oblique lateral interbody fusion with or without posterior pedicle screw fixation. There were 79 males and 156 females with an average age of (61.9±13.5) years old (ranged from 32 to 83 years). There were 7 cases of vascular injury, including 4 cases of segmental vessel injury, 1 case of left common iliac artery injury, 1 case of left common iliac veininjury and 1 case of ovarian vein injury.@*RESULTS@#The follow up time ranged from 6 to 36 months, averagely (15.6±7.5) months. There was no pedicle screw loosen or fracture. The low back pain VAS decreased from preoperative 6.7±2.3 to 1.4±0.8 at the latest follow-up, which was statistically difference(@*CONCLUSION@#Oblique lateral interbody fusion technique provides a new method for minimally invasive fusion of lumbar internal fixation. However, it has a risk of vascular injury. In order to effectively prevent the occurrence of vascular injury, the operative indications and careful and meticulous operation should be strictly grasped.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Lumbosacral Region , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Vascular System Injuries/surgery
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-324666

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss the advantages and disadvantages of two different surgical approaches combined fixation with lumbar interbody fusion in treating single segmental lumbar vertebra diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 86 patients with single segmental lumbar vertebra diseases treated from June 2011 to June 2013 was retrospectively analyzed. There were 33 males and 53 females, aged from 28 to 76 years old with an average of 53.0 years. Among them, there were 39 cases of lumbar disc degeneration, 22 cases of lumbar disc herniation complicated with spinal canal stenosis, 9 cases of huge lumbar disc herniation and 16 cases of lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (Meyerding degree I ). Lesion sites contained L3, 4 in 5 cases, L4, 5 in 70 cases and L5S1 in 11 cases. All the patients were treated with internal fixation and lumbar interbody fusion with 45 cases by midline incision approach (median incision group) and the other 41 cases by channel-assisted by muscle-splitting approach(channel group). Incision length, operation time, intraoperative bleeding and postoperative drainage were recorded in two groups. Visual analogue scale(VAS) was used to assess lumbar incision pain 72 h after operation. Depended on imaging results to compare the changes of the disc space height in lesion in preoperative, postoperative and final follow-up, the coronal and sagittal Cobb angle in preoperative and final follow-up, the area of multifidus and the degree of multifidus fat deposition before and after operation between two groups. Loosening or fragmentation of internal fixation, displacement of intervertebral cage and interbody fusion were observed in each group. Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring system was used to evaluate the function before operation and at the final follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The channel group was superior to the median incision group in incision length and postoperative drainage while the median incision group was less than the channel group in the operation time and intraoperative bleeding. The average VAS score of lumbar incision 72 h after operation was 1.50 points in median incision group and 0.97 points in channel group, and there was significant difference between two groups(<0.05). No incision infection was found, but there were 4 cases of incisional epidermal necrosis, 1 case of incision healed badness, and 3 cases of nerve injury in channel group. The incidence of cacothesis of pedicle screw were 5.0% and 3.6% in median incision group and channel group respectively, and there was no significant difference between two groups(>0.05). The incidence of cacothesis of translaminar facet screw were 6.6% and 12.2% in median incision group and channel group respectively, and there was significant difference between two groups(<0.05). All the patients were followed up for 12 to 36 months with a mean of 22.8 months. The changes of disc space height had statistical difference between preoperative and postoperative(<0.05) in all patients, but there was no significant difference between postoperative and final follow-up(>0.05), however, there was no significant difference 3 days after operation and final follow-up between two groups(>0.05). At final follow-up, coronal and sagittal Cobb angle were obviously improved in all patients(<0.05), but there was no significant difference between two groups(>0.05). One year after operation, the area of multifidus in median incision group was (789.00±143.15) mm² less than preoperative(1 066.00±173.55) mm² (<0.05), and in channel group, was(992.00±156.75) mm² at 1 year after operation and(1 063.00±172.13) mm² preoperatively, there was no significant difference between them(>0.05), however, there was significant difference one year after operation between two groups (<0.05) . About the degree of multifidus fat deposition, there was significant difference between one year after operation and preoperation in median incision group (<0.05), but there was no significant difference between one year after operation and preoperation in channel group (>0.05), and there was significant difference at one year after operation between two groups(<0.05). During the follow-up period, neither pedicle screw and/or translaminar facet screw loosening, displacement or fragmentation nor displacement of intervertebral cage were found. The lumbar interbody fusion rate was 95.6% in median incision group and was 95.1% in channel group, and there was no significant difference between two groups(>0.05). No obvious adjacent segmental degeneration was observed in fixed position. JOA score in median incision group was significantly increased from 8-16 points (average: 12.77±2.56) preoperative to 21-29 points (average: 25.20±2.43) at final follow-up(<0.05); and in channel group was significantly increased from 8-16 points (average: 12.64±2.37) preoperative to 23-29 points(average: 26.7±1.82) at final follow-up(<0.05); there was also significant difference between two groups at final follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Compared to the median incision approach, unilateral pedicle screw combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation using channel-assisted by muscle-splitting approach has advantages of small incision, less trauma, fast recovery and so on. However, it also has shortages such as high surgical complications incidence, especially in cases that.</p>

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304309

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the features and causes of complications of unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral percutaneous translaminar facet screw fixation and lumbar interbody fusion in treating lower lumbar diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 166 patients with lower lumbar diseases who underwent unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral percutaneous translaminar facet screw fixation and lumbar interbody fusion with intervertebral cages from January 2008 to December 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 64 males and 102 females, aged from 24 to 74 years with a mean of 51.9 years old, suffered from lower lumbar lesions for 47.5 months on average (ranged, 8 months to 30 years). Among these patients, lumbar intervertebral disc degeneration was found in 49 patients, recurred lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion in 17 patients, massive lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion in 23 patients, lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion accompany with spinal canal stenosis in 27 patients, lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis with degree I (Meyerding grade) in 21 patients, far lateral lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion in 5 patients. Single segmental diseases occurred in 124 patients and two segmental diseases in 42 patients. The diseases occurred at L(3,4) segment in 6 patients, at L(4,5) segment in 97 patients, at L5S1 segment in 21 patients, at L(2,3), and L(3,4) segments in 1 patient, at L(3,4) and L4,5) segments in 26 patients, and at L(4,5), and L5S1 segments in 15 patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was no abnormal bleeding in the patients and no patient received blood transfusion. During the surgery, spinal dura mater injury with cerebrospinal fluid leakage complicated in 1 patient, a fracture of vertebral pedicle in 4 patients, and end plate injury in 2 patients. No postoperative cerebrospinal fluid, incision infection and skin necrosis were found after operation. Nerve root injury was found in 1 patient. According to the position of pedicles crew, 371 screws of 163 patients were in degree I and 3 screws of 3 patients were in degree II; position of translaminar facet screw, 199 screws of 157 patients were type I, 8 screws of 8 patients were type II, 1 screw of 1 patient was III. Translaminar facet screw was slightly short in 2 patients. Five patients were lost to follow-up, two patients were died. The remaining patients were followed up for 35.4 months on average (ranged, 12 to 60 months). During the follow-up period , end plate was cut off and intervertebral cages were embedded in 14 segments of 14 patients. Abnormal pain of both lower extremities was found in 1 patient. With the exception of 11 unidentified segments in 11 patients, 189 segments of 148 patients obtained intervertebral fusion. No loosening, displacement, breakage of pedicle screw or translaminar facet screw, displacement of intervertebral cages or obvious degeneration of adjacent segments were found. The coronal and sagittal planes balance of lumbar vertebra were obviously improved. Postoperative JOA score was significantly increased than that of preoperative.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral percutaneous translaminar facet screw fixation and lumbar interbody fusion with intervertebral cages is a good choice for the treatment of lower lumbar diseases, but it has a risk of complications. Abundant surgeon's surgical experience, careful operation, and rational use of imaging technique can effectively reduce the incidence of complications.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Humans , Internal Fixators , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , General Surgery , Intervertebral Disc Displacement , General Surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Spondylolisthesis , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345217

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the advantages and disadvantages of unilateral pedicle screw fixation plus lumbar interbody fusion and unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation plus lumbar interbody fusion in treating single segmental lower lumbar vertebra diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty-two patients with single segmental lower lumbar vertebra disease who received treatment between January 2008 and June 2009. These patients were consisted of 16 males and 46 females, ranging in age from 27 to 72 years old, with a mean age of 51.6 years old. Among these patients, lumbar degenerative disease had in 22 patients, recurrence of lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion in 13 patients, lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion accompany with spinal canal stenosis in 12 patients, massive lumbar intervertebral disc protrusion in 5 patients and lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis with degree I in 10 patients. The lesions occurred at L3,4 segment in 5 patients, at L4,5 segment in 42 patients, and at L5S1 segment in 15 patients. Thirty patients underwent unilateral pedicle screw fixation (unilateral screw fixation group, group A) and thirty-two patients received unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation (bilateral screw fixation group, group B). Lumbar interbody fusion with intervertebral cages was also performed in all patients. Incision length, operation time, intraoperative blood loss and postoperative wound drainage were compared between two groups. Loosening or breakage of internal fixations, displacement of intervertebral cages and interbody fusion conditions were observed in each group. Preoperative and postoperative intervertebral height, coronal and sagittal Cobb angle and wound pain at 72 h after operation were compared between two groups. The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring system was used to evaluate the cinical effects.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Neither wound infection, skin necrosis, nerve root or cauda equia injury, nor worsened neurological dysfunction in the lower limb occurred in each group. There were no significant differences in incision length, intraoperative blood loss and postoperative wound drainage between two groups. The operation time in group A was significantly shorter than that of group B (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in visual analogue scale value of the wound pain at postoperative 72 h between two groups (P > 0.05). All patients were followed up for 12-48 months,with a mean of 27.5 months. The intervertebral height of all patients had obviously recovered at 5 days after operation, furthermore, at the final follow-up, it still had well maintained. During follow-up, no pedicle screw and/or translaminar facet screw loosening, displacement or breakage and displacement of intervertebral cages were found. The lumbar interbody fusion rate was 96.7% and 96.9% in group A and group B, respectively, and there was no significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05). JOA score of all patients got obviously improved after operation (P < 0.05) and there was no significant difference between two groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both unilateral pedicle screw fixation plus lumbar interbody fusion and unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation plus lumbar interbody fusion have advantages of small incision, minimal invasion, simple operation, reliable stability, high interbody fusion rate,rapid recovery, encouraging clinical effects and less complications. Compared with unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation, the operation of unilateral pedicle screw fixation is simpler and can avoid using special equipments. Therefore, unilateral pedicle screw fixation plus lumbar interbody fusion can be used in treating single-segmental lower lumbar vertebra diseases under the precondition of strictly grasping indications for surgery and improving surgical skills.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Screws , Female , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Spinal Diseases , General Surgery , Spinal Fusion , Methods
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251614

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the advantages and disadvantages of unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion with cages in the treatment of two-level lumbar vertebra diseases, by comparing bilateral pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion with cages.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty-nine patients with two-level lumbar diseases who received treatments from June 2009 to December 2011 were included in this study. Among these patients, 23 patients received unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and interbody fusion with cages (combined fixation group) and the remaining 26 patients underwent bilateral pedicle screw fixation and interbody fusion with cages (bilateral fixation group). These patients consisted of 17 males and 32 females, ranging in age from 29 to 68 years old. Among these patients, lumbar intervertebral disc herniation accompanied by the spinal canal stenosis was found in 29 patients, degenerative lumbar disc diseases in 17 patients and lumbar degenerative spondylolisthesis (degree I) in 3 patients. The lesions occurred at L2,3 and L3,4 segments in 1 patient, at L3,4 and L4,5 segments in 30 patients, and at L4,5 segment and L5S1 segment in 18 patients. Wound length, operation time, intraoperative blood loss and postoperative wound drainage were compared between two groups. Intervertebral space height in the lesioned segment before and during surgery and at the latest follow up was also compared between two groups. Before surgery and at the latest follow-up, the Cobb angle of the coronal plane and sagittal plane of the lumbar spine, loosening or breakage of internal fixations, the dislocation of intervertebral cages, and interbody fusion were all evaluated in each group. The visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to measure lumbar incision pain. The Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring system was used to evaluate the function before surgery and at the latest follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No wound infection or skin necrosis was observed after surgery in all patients. No cerebrospinal fluid leakage, nerve root injury, cauda equia injury or worsened neural function in the lower limb occurred in all patients during and after surgery. Wound length, operation time, intraoperative blood loss and postoperative wound drainage in the combined fixation group were superior to those in the bilateral fixation group. At postoperative 72 hours, the VAS score in the combined fixation group (1 to 4 points, mean 2.35±1.20) was significantly lower than that in the bilateral fixation group (2 to 5 points, mean 3.11±1.00; P<0.05). All the patients were followed up for 12 to 48 months, with a mean of 29 months. After surgery, intervertebral space height was well recovered in each patient and it was well maintained at the latest follow-up, and there was no significant difference between two groups (P>0.05). During follow-up, pedicle screw and translaminar facet screw loosening, dislocation or breakage and dislocation of intervertebral cages were all not found. At the latest follow-up, the Cobb angle of the coronal plane and sagittal plane of the lumbar spine was obviously improved and was not significantly different between two groups (P>0.05). The lumbar interbody fusion rate was 93.5% and 96.2% in the combined fixation group and bilateral fixation group, respectively, and there was no significant difference between them (P>0.05). There was a significant difference in JOA score between before surgery and at the latest follow-up in each patient (P<0.05), and at the latest follow-up, significant difference in JOA score was found between two groups (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Compared to bilateral pedicle screw fixation and lumbar interbody fusion with cages, unilateral pedicle screw fixation combined with contralateral translaminar facet screw fixation and lumbar interbody fusion with cages shows advantages including small skin incision, minimal invasion, ease of operation, highly reliable stability, high interbody fusion rate, rapid recovery in the treatment of two-level lumbar vertebra diseases and therefore can be preferred as a treatment method of this disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration , General Surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fusion , Methods , Spinal Stenosis , General Surgery , Spondylolisthesis , General Surgery
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250666

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the feasibility of utilizing self-designed score system for lower lumbar vertebral burst fractures to select surgical approach.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From January 2006 to December 2011, the clinical data of 56 patients with lower lumbar vertebra burst fractures who underwent surgical treatment were retrospectively analyzed. There were 42 males and 14 females with an average age of 43.1 years old (ranged, 19 to 65). Causes of injury included falling down (40 cases), traffic accidents (12 cases), and crashing injury by heavy objects(4 cases). Injury site was L3 in 37 cases, L4 in 16 cases, and L5 in 3 cases. According to the AO classification, 17 cases were type A3.1, 14 cases were type A3.2, 25 cases were type A3.3. According to Frankel grade of nerous function, 2 cases were grade B, 5 cases were grade C, 9 cases were grade D and 40 cases were grade E. Surgical methods and approaches were chosen based on the comprehensive evaluation of AO classification, condition of posterior column injury and spinal canal encroachment. Surgical methods and approaches included trans-vertebra fixation (15 cases), intra-vertebra pedicle screw fixation (21 cases), combination of anterior and posterior approaches (11 cases), one-stage posterior approaches (9 cases). Cobb angles, restorations of the affected vertebral anterior border height, and conditions of spinal canal encroachment were compared before and after surgery. Conditions of bone graft fusion and internal fixation (if bending, loosening or breakage existed) were observed. Spinal cord functions were assessed according to Frankel grade. Localized pain and working status of patients were also assessed at the last follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No incision infection was found and no spinal nerve symptoms improved in all of 56 patients. All patients were followed up for 12 to 60 months with a mean of 28.5 months, without internal fixation loosening or breakage. There was significant differences in Cobb angle, vertebral anterior border height and recovery of spinal canal encroachment between preoperative and postoperative instantly (P < 0.05), however, there was no significant difference between postoperative instantly and final follow-up (P > 0.05). Thirteen cases obtained fusion by trans-vertebra fixation, 20 cases obtained fusion by intra-vertebra fixation, and 20 cases were treated by the combination of anterior and posterior approaches or one-stage posterior approaches all of patients obtained fusion. Spinal nervous function recovered I to II grade, 1 case was grade C, 3 cases were grade D, 52 cases were grade E. Localized pain was assessed as P1 in 52 cases, P2 in 3 cases, and P3 in 1 case. Working status was classified into W1 in 12 cases, W2 in 39 cases, and W3 in 5 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The lower lumbar vertebra and thoracolumbar junction exhibit different injury characteristics due to variations in anatomy and biomechanics. A comprehensive score of the AO classification, posterior column injury and degree of spinal canal encroachment will guide the selection of surgical method and approach for the treatment of lower lumbar vertebra burst fractures.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Biomechanical Phenomena , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Methods , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , Wounds and Injuries , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery , Spinal Fusion , Methods
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-248883

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore clinical efficacy of thoracolumbar fractures fixation with pedicle screws fixation at the level of the fracture and monosegment bone graft simultaneously.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Retrospective analysis of 32 patients with thoracolumbar fractures underwent surgical procedure of pedicle screws fixation at the level of the fracture and monosegment bone graft simultaneously from January 2006 to December 2008. All the patients were followed up more than two years. There were 25 males and 7 females with an average age of 39.1 years (ranged, 25 to 60 years). According to the AO classification, type A1.3 was in 5 cases, type A3.1 in 17, type A3.3 in 8, type C1.1 in 1, and type C1.3 in 1. Load scoring was from 4 to 7 points with average of 5.8 points. The spinal cord function according to Frankel grade, grade A was in 2 cases, grade B in 2, grade C in 5, grade D in 9 and grade E in 14. Cobb angle, the height of anterior border of vertebral body, spinal canal stenosis rate were observed by X-ray films. Meanwhile, pain and work ability were evaluated by Denis scale.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the patients were followed-up from 30 to 48 months (averaged, 39.2 months). No internal fixation loosening or breakage were found. Three cases occurred with floating callus and other obtained well bone fusion. Compared with preoperation, Cobb angle, the height of anterior border of vertebral body, and spinal canal stenosis rate improved obviously (P < 0.05); but Cobb angle had lost partially at the last follow-up (P > 0.05). Meanwhile, anterosuperior part of vertebral body of 25 cases existed cavity phenomenon. The nerve function of all cases recovered for 1-2 grades, except for 2 cases without change whose spinal cord function was degree A preoperatively. According to Denis scale, lower back pain scoring, P1 was in 22 cases, P2 in 7, P3 in 3; state of work scoring, W1 was in 18 cases, W2 in 8, W3 in 3, W5 in 3.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It can help to correct the kyphosis and improve low back pain in thoracolumbar fractures through pedicle screws fixation at the level of the fracture and monosegment bone graft simultaneously, but it can not improve the cavity phenomenon of injured vertebral body and avoid partially lost of Cobb angle.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Screws , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fractures , General Surgery , Thoracic Vertebrae , General Surgery
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-232393

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare the clinical and radiologic effect in treating degenerative lumbar instability with single or double carbon fiber cages.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From November 2005 to October 2006, 97 patients of degenerative lumbar instability were followed up more than two years. All cases underwent pedicle screw fixation. Meanwhile, 41 of them, named group A, were applied with single carbon fiber cage, with 23 males and 18 females, aged for 35-70 years, including 38 cases with single vertebral instability and 3 cases with existing L4.5 and L5S1 intervertebral instability. The other 56 cases, named group B, were treated with two carbon fiber cages, with 32 males and 24 females, aged for 33-72 years, including 53 cases with single vertebral instability and 3 cases existing L4.5 and L5S1 intervertebral instability. The clinical effect, intervertebral fusion ratio and lost intervertebral height were compared between two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 24-35 months, with an average of 28 months. Clinical effects (including symptom, sign, daily action and bladder function) were evaluated according to JOA 29 score. In group A: the JOA score improve from 10.11 +/- 2.40 preoperative to 24.88 +/- 2.30 at final follow-up, 25 cases obtained excellent results, 12 good, 4 fair; 39 cases obtained fusion with the fusion ratio of 95.1% (39/41). In group B: the JOA score from 9.62 +/- 2.60 preoperative to 25.19 +/- 2.40 at final follow-up, 37 cases obtained excellent results, 13 good, 6 fair; 53 cases obtained fusion with the fusion ratio of 94.6% (53/56). In the 7th day after operation, the average intervertebral height in group A was (11.2 +/- 1.2) mm,and that of group B was (11.3 +/- 1.4) mm. Two years later, the average intervertebral height in group A was (11.0 +/- 1.4) mm, while that of group B was (11.1 +/- 1.4) mm. There was no significant difference between two groups in clinical effect, intervertebral fusion ratio and lost intervertebral height (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Pedicle screw fixation and single or double carbon fiber cages in treating degenerative lumbar instability both can obtain satisfactory curative effect. Single carbon fiber cage has advantages such as minimally trauma, simply operation, retentively posterior column structure, cheaply price than double carbon fiber cages.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Humans , Internal Fixators , Lumbar Vertebrae , General Surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Neurodegenerative Diseases , General Surgery , Treatment Outcome
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