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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928175

ABSTRACT

This study aims to establish a method for analyzing the chemical constituents in Cistanches Herba by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) and quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry(HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS), and to reveal the pharmacological mechanism based on network pharmacology for mining the quality markers(Q-markers) of Cistanches Herba. The chemical constituents of Cistanche deserticola and C. tubulosa were analyzed via HPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS. The potential targets and pathways of Cistanches Herba were predicted via SwissTargetPrediction and DAVID. The compound-target-pathway-pharmacological action-efficacy network was constructed via Cytoscape. A total of 47 chemical constituents were identified, involving 95 targets and 56 signaling pathways. We preliminarily elucidated the pharmacological mechanisms of echinacoside, acteoside, isoacteoside, cistanoside F, 2'-acetylacteoside, cistanoside A, campneoside Ⅱ, salidroside, tubuloside B, 6-deoxycatalpol, 8-epi-loganic acid, ajugol, bartsioside, geniposidic acid, and pinoresinol 4-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, and predicted them to be the Q-markers of Cistanches Herba. This study identified the chemical constituents of Cistanches Herba, explained the pharmacological mechanism of the traditional efficacy of Cistanches Herba based on network pharmacology, and introduced the core concept of Q-markers to improve the quality evaluation of Cistanches Herba.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Cistanche , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Network Pharmacology , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928170

ABSTRACT

Lonicerae Japonicae Flos, as common Chinese medicine, has been used for thousands of years in the treatment of inflammation and infectious diseases with definite efficacies. The complex composition of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos results in its extensive pharmacological effects, so the assessment of its quality by only a few index components is not comprehensive. Guided by the quality marker(Q-marker), the present study comprehensively analyzed and predicted the quality connotation of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos based on the chemical composition and component transfer, the phylogenetic relationship, chemical composition effectiveness, measurability, and specificity. Chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acids A, B, and C, luteoloside, rutin, sweroside, and secoxyloganin were predicted as candidate Q-markers of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Flowers/chemistry , Lonicera/chemistry , Phylogeny , Quality Control
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928066

ABSTRACT

Qingjin Huatan Decoction is a classic prescription with the effects of clearing heat, moistening lung, resolving phlegm, and relieving cough. In order to explore the critical quality attributes of Qingjin Huatan Decoction, we identified the blood components of Qingjin Huatan Decoction by ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) under the following conditions, chromatographic column: Acquity UPLC BEH C_(18) column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.7 μm); mobile phase: 0.1% formic acid acetonitrile(A)-0.1% formic acid in water(B); gradient elution; flow rate: 0.2 mL·min~(-1); column temperature: 30 ℃; injection volume: 5 μL. The electrospray ionization(ESI) source was used to collect data in both positive and negative ion modes under the following conditions, capillary voltage: 3 kV for the positive ion mode and 2 kV for the negative ion mode; ion source temperature: 110 ℃; cone voltage: 30 V; cone gas flow rate: 50 L·h~(-1); nitrogen degassing temperature: 350 ℃; degassing volume flow rate: 800 L·h~(-1); scanning range: m/z 50-2 000. In this experiment, a total of 66 related components of Qingjin Huatan Decoction were identified, including 22 prototype components and 44 metabolites. The results of this study preliminarily revealed the pharmacodynamic material basis of Qingjin Huatan Decoction in vivo, which has provided an experimental basis for the determination of quality markers of Qingjin Huatan Decoction and the development of new drugs.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry , Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1653-1662, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881557

ABSTRACT

We explored the pharmacodynamic material basis and network regulatory mechanism of Fufang Yuxingcao Mixture (FYM) for the treatment of fever and inflammation. Targets of the 25 compounds in FYM were predicted according to the reverse pharmacophore method and TCMSP, UniProt database. Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment and pathway analysis of the targets was analyzed by Omicsbean software and the Kyoto Gene and Genome Encyclopedia (KEGG) database. A "compound-target-pathway-pharmacological action-effect" network was established with Cytoscape 3.6.1 software. The lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW264.7 cell inflammation model was used to verify the anti-inflammatory effects of FYM and its 10 important components. The network pharmacology experiment showed that 25 compounds affected 97 pathways through 211 targets, of which 15 key targets [including RAC-alpha serine/threonine-protein kinase (AKT1), insulin (INS), vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), interleukin-6 (IL-6), cellular tumor antigen p53 (TP53), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), transcription factor AP-1 (JUN), caspase-3 (CASP3), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9), interleukin-8 (IL-8), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2 (PTGS2), proto-oncogene c-Fos (FOS), tyrosine-protein kinase SRC (SRC), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1 (MAPK8), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1)] and 46 pathways (including NF-kappa B signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathway, MAPK signaling pathway, IL-17 signaling pathway, arachidonic acid metabolism, cAMP signaling pathway, T cell receptor signaling pathway, calcium signaling pathway, inflammatory mediator regulation of TRP channels, chemokine signaling pathway, Th1 and Th2 cell differentiation, natural killer cell mediated cytotoxicity, etc.) were related to anti-inflammatory, antipyretic, immune regulation, and analgesia. In vitro cell experiments showed that FYM and the 10 components (including isoquercitrin, luteoloside, baicalein, wogonin, wogonoside, phillyrin, forsythoside A, chlorogenic acid, isochlorogenic acid A, and sweroside) could significantly reduce the expression of nitric oxide (NO), TNF-α and IL-6 in cell supernatants, indicating that the above 10 components may be the key pharmacodynamic material basis of FYM.

5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1048-1053, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-780170

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to investigate the effect on tumor growth inhibition activity of lizards (Gekkoswinhonis Guenther) with different extent of broiling. Samples were prepared by a traditional drying method combined with broiling on clay tiles. Four groups of samples were all dried before broiling. Group A was without broiling; group B was mildly broiled; group C was moderately broiled; and group D was heavily broiled. Crispiness was detected by the sizes of the generated fragments of different groups and crispiness increased with broiling. Sensory evaluation of vision and olfaction was performed, and scores were generated by evaluators. Moderately broiled group had the highest total score in sensory evaluation. Water content and content of water-soluble extracts were detected according to Chinese Pharmacopoeia. With the increasing broiling extent, content of water-soluble extracts increased while water content decreased. Soluble protein concentration was detected by bicinchoninic acid (BCA) kit and sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) with the same crude drug content. Soluble protein concentration decreased with the increasing broiling extent. With equal loading of proteins at the same concentration, soluble protein diversity was detected by SDS-PAGE. Band difference was marked by red boxes. Soluble protein molecule weights showed significant difference with the increasing broiling extent. H22 tumor-bearing mice model was established and used to detect tumor growth inhibition rate and immune organ index. Life quality of mice was evaluated. Mice treated with Gekkoswinhonis Guenther had better appetites and higher average weights compared with positive control group treated with fluorouracil (5-FU). Animal experiments were approved by the Ethics Committee of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. Group A had the highest tumor growth inhibition rate (34.11%), followed by Group B (29.14%) and Group D (28.43%), Group C (21.98%) had the lowest tumor growth inhibition rate, but sensory evaluation was on the contrary. These results indicated that moderately broiling improved sensory evaluation but reduced the tumor growth inhibition activity of Gekkoswinhonis Guenther. The best tumor growth inhibition activity appeared when water content was 7.71%.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-635660

ABSTRACT

Background Inheritance is one of main causing-disease factors in congenital cataract.So the screen of causing-disease gene in congenital cataract patients is a critical step.Objective This survey was to investigate the molecular characteristics of a Chinese pedigree with a special crystalline autosomal dominant congenital cataract(ADCC) in Shanxi province.Methods This study was approved by Ethic Commission of Shanxi Eye Hospital.Informed consent was obtained from each subject before any medical examination.Twenty-two families from a pedigree with special crystalline were included in this study.The family members received regular ophthalmologic and general examinations to rule out any concomitant disorders.Blood samples were obtained to extract the DNA from all the subjects.Twenty-two fluorescent labeled microsatellites were selected from 17 causing genes of ADCC and amplified and screened for the linkage analysis.LOD was calculated and the candidate gene was directly sequenced.Results Ten individuals with congenital cataract were found in the family with the similar phenotype.The inheritance mode complied with the autosomal dominant pattern.Linkage analysis indicated a gene chain at D2S325 and D2S2358 with the LOD value 1.20(θ =0) and 0.22(θ =0).A known c.C70A(p.P23T) missence mutation at the coding region of CRYGD gene was detected by direct sequence.Conclusions A missense mutation P23T of the CRYGD gene cause the autosomal dominant congenital nuclear cataract with the special phenotype.

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