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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880139

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predictive value of methyltransferase EZH2 expression level on the clinical efficacy and long-term prognosis of patients with primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGI-DLBCL).@*METHODS@#161 patients with newly treated PGI-DLBCL in our hospital from August 2013 to July 2019 were selected. The expression level of EZH2 protein was detected by immunohistochemistry, and the short-term efficacy and long-term survival differences of patients with different levels of EZH2 were compared. The predictive values of EZH2 expression level on the short-term efficacy and long-term prognosis of PGI-DLBCL patients were analyzed by Log-rank test and COX risk proportional regression model. Chi-square test and Logistic regression analysis were used to analyze the influencing factors of EZH2 expression level.@*RESULTS@#The complete response (CR) and overal response(OR) rates of those with high EZH2 expression were significantly lower than those with low EZH2 expression (P<0.001). The median OS and PFS of EZH2 high-level and low-level expression group was 37, 31 months and 49, 42 months, respectively. The cumulative OS and PFS rates of the high-level expression group were significantly lower than those of the low-level expression group, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). The high expression levels of H3K27me3, EZH2, BCL-2, BCL-6, c-MYC were closely related to the shortening of OS and PFS, while the high expression level of Ki-67 was closely related to the shortening of OS (P<0.05), of which the high expression levels of H3K27me3, EZH2, BCL-2, and BCL-6 were independent risk factors for shortening of OS and PFS. The expression level of EZH2 was positively correlated with the expression level of H3K27me3, BCL-6, c-MYC and Ki-67 (r=0.741, r=0.837, r=0.809, r=0.772), and the high expression levels of H3K27me3, BCL-6 and Ki-67 were independent factors influencing the high expression of EZH2.@*CONCLUSION@#In patients with PGI-DLBCL, the high expression of EZH2 significantly reduces the short-term CR and OR rates, which is an independent risk factor for the shortening of long-term OS and PFS rates, and it is independently related to the high expression of H3K27me3 and BCL6.


Subject(s)
Enhancer of Zeste Homolog 2 Protein , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689577

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinicopathological features and prognostic factors of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma(DLBCL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-four cases of DLBCL followed up were selected in Fujian Tumor Hospital. The immunohistochemistry method was used to detect the protein expressions of BCL-2 BCL-6, MYC, CD10 and MUM-1, the gene abnormalities of MYC and BCL-2 were analyzed by fluorescence in situ hybridization, and the clinical pathological features and the related factors affecting prognosis in the patients with DLBCL were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The protein positive rates of BCL-2, BCL-6, MYC, CD10 and MUM-1 in 94 patients were 75.53% (71/94), 58.51% (55/94), 52.13% (49/94), 15.96% (15/94) and 34.04% (32/94) respectively. The detection rate of MYC gene abnormality was 20.93% (9/43) and the detection rate of BCL-2 gene abnormality was 44% (22/50); 2 kinds of gene abnormalities were of multiple copies, and 2 cases (2.13%) were abnormal in MYC and BCL-2 genes simultaneously. The median survival time of 3 years in 94 patients was 21.79 months (2-36 months), and the overall survival rates of 1 and 3 years were 82.98% and 64.89% respectively. Single factor analysis revealed that the high ECOG score (≥ 2), high international prognostic index (IPI) classification, positive expression of BCL-6 protein, and MYC and BCL-2 gene simultaneously abnormal were the risk factors influencing the prognosis (all P<0.05). COX regression analysis showed that IPI classification, ECOG score and treatment methods were independent factors influencing the prognosis (all P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IPI classification, ECOG score and treatment methods have greater impacts on the prognosis of patients with DLBCL. Chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy or surgical treatment can significantly improve the prognosis of patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Genes, myc , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-6
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