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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879081

ABSTRACT

At present, the issues regarding multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) remain: the lack of agreement on the content and scope of the ethical review among the ethics committee members of the center and the participating units results in repeated review, which leads to a time-consuming ethical review process. Moreover, the review capabilities of the ethics committees of various research centers are uneven, which is not necessarily beneficial to the protection of subjects' rights and safety. In view of the existing problems, to improve the efficiency of ethical review of multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM and avoid repeated reviews, the TCM Clinical Evaluation Professional Committee of Chinese Pharmaceutical Association organized experts to formulate the "Consensus on collaborative ethical review of multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM(version 1.0)"(hereinafter referred to as "Consensus"). The "Consensus" is formulated in accordance with the requirements of relevant documents such as but not limited to "the opinions on deepening the reform of the evaluation and approval system to encourage the innovation of pharmaceutical medical devices", "the regulations of ethical review of biomedical research involving human subjects". The "Consensus" covers the scope of application, formulation principles, conditions for the ethics committee of the center, sharing of ethical review resources, scope and procedure of collaborative review, rights and obligations, etc. The aims of the "Consensus" is to preliminarily explore and establish a scientific and operable ethical review procedure. Additionally, on the basis of fully protecting the rights and interests of the subjects, a collaborative ethical review agreement needs to be signed to clarify the ethical review responsibilities of all parties, to avoid repeated review, and to improve the efficiency and quality of ethical review in multi-center clinical trials of new drugs of TCM.


Subject(s)
Biomedical Research , Clinical Trials as Topic , Consensus , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Ethical Review , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Pharmaceutical Preparations
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818833

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemic status of clonorchiasis and awareness of prevention and control knowledge in Xinfeng County of Jiangxi Province, so as to provide the evidences for control measures. Methods The baseline survey was carried out with a clue in vestigation of raw-fish eating behavior in potential endemic areas in 2016.The residents were examined by stool tests. The metacercariae of Clonorchis sinensis in fish, the rediae and cercariae in freshwater mollusk were detected. The feces samples of cats, dogs and pigs were collected and examined by sedimentation technique. Meanwhile, the epidemic factors, health knowledge and behavior were also surveyed. Results The residents in 26 villages had the habit of eating raw freshwater fish, and 19.51% of the respondents had this habit. The average infection rates of the population, Parafossarulus striatulus, freshwater fishes and reservoir hosts were 21.56%, 0, 8.24% and 2.27%, respectively. The infection rate of the population increased with age. There was a significant positive correlation between the behavior and the infection rate of the population (r = 0.88, P < 0.01). Only 11.46% of the respondents knew that eating raw-fish might cause C. sinensis infection, and 5.28% of them knew that C. sinensis was harmful to health. Conclusions Twenty-six villages in five townships were endemic areas of clonorchiasis in Xinfeng County. The permanent solution of prevention and control of clonorchiasis is to strengthen the health education and change the habit of raw-fish eating gradually.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818711

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemic status of clonorchiasis and awareness of prevention and control knowledge in Xinfeng County of Jiangxi Province, so as to provide the evidences for control measures. Methods The baseline survey was carried out with a clue in vestigation of raw-fish eating behavior in potential endemic areas in 2016.The residents were examined by stool tests. The metacercariae of Clonorchis sinensis in fish, the rediae and cercariae in freshwater mollusk were detected. The feces samples of cats, dogs and pigs were collected and examined by sedimentation technique. Meanwhile, the epidemic factors, health knowledge and behavior were also surveyed. Results The residents in 26 villages had the habit of eating raw freshwater fish, and 19.51% of the respondents had this habit. The average infection rates of the population, Parafossarulus striatulus, freshwater fishes and reservoir hosts were 21.56%, 0, 8.24% and 2.27%, respectively. The infection rate of the population increased with age. There was a significant positive correlation between the behavior and the infection rate of the population (r = 0.88, P < 0.01). Only 11.46% of the respondents knew that eating raw-fish might cause C. sinensis infection, and 5.28% of them knew that C. sinensis was harmful to health. Conclusions Twenty-six villages in five townships were endemic areas of clonorchiasis in Xinfeng County. The permanent solution of prevention and control of clonorchiasis is to strengthen the health education and change the habit of raw-fish eating gradually.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334559

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Radiation is an important cause of delayed wound healing, and there still exist many questions regarding the patterns and mechanisms of wound healing. This study investigated the characteristics of wound healing after varying doses of local radiation and explored possible causes of the delay in healing caused by radiation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A full-thickness dorsal longitudinal skin tissue, 2 cm in diameter, was excised after local irradiation on one side of the back of swine, and the other side was wounded as a control. The size of the wound area was recorded every two days after injury. Pathological changes, proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA, immunohisto- chemistry) and apoptosis levels (TUNEL assay) were measured at different time points after wounding.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The course of wound healing can be divided into four phases, namely: the arresting phase, the healing priming phase, the fast healing phase, and the healed phase. Although the total wound healing time was closely correlated to the dose of irradiation (R(2) equal to 0.9758), it was more dependent on the length of the arresting phase (R(2) equal to 0.9903) because once the arresting phase ended, the wound healed at a similar speed regardless of radiation doses. Pathological analysis showed that compared with the control side there were more necrotic tissues, slower epithelial crawling, as well as fewer blood vessels and cellular components in the irradiated side at the arresting phase, while other phases revealed no significant difference concerning these measurements. Immunohistochemistry showed that the irradiated wounds had significantly less PCNA-positive and more TUNEL-positive labeling of cells in the arresting phase than in other phases. Moreover, the changes were positively related to the radiation doses, but there was no obvious difference in cell proliferation or apoptosis among the healing priming phase, fast healing phase or healed phase, whether on the control side or on the irradiated side.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>After local irradiation, the length of the arresting phase determines the wound healing time. Increased apoptosis and decreased cell proliferation might be an important reason for the formation of the arresting phase.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Skin , Soft Tissue Injuries , Swine , Wound Healing
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-321230

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of postoperative enteral immunonutrition on inflammatory response and immunologic function in patients with gastrointestinal tumor.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 106 gastrointestinal malignant tumor patients with malnutrition who were treated in the Department of General Surgery, the People's Hospital of Cangzhou in Hebei province from January 2008 to June 2010 were prospectively collected. Patients were randomized into two groups, including enteral immunonutrition group(n=53) and common enteral nutrition group(n=53). Related immunological indices and C-reaction protein were measured on preoperative day 5 and postoperative day 1 and 9.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The general information and preoperative immunological indices were comparable between the two groups(P>0.05). On postoperative day 9, levels of CD4, CD4/CD8, IgG, lymphocyte, NK cells, and complement C3, C4, and CH50 in the enteral immunonutrition group were higher than those in common enteral nutrition group. Serum C-reaction protein level was lower than that in control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Postoperative infection rate was 3.8%(2/53) in enteral immunonutrition group, significantly lower than that in control group with an infection rate of 15.1%(8/53)(P<0.05). The mean postoperative hospital stay of the two groups were (8.1±1.1) d and (9.2±2.1) d, respectively, and the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For gastrointestinal malignant tumor patients with malnutrition, the use of enteral immunonutrition can alleviate the postoperative trauma and inflammatory response, improve the immune function, thus can reduce the occurrence of postoperative infection, and accelerate patient recovery.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , C-Reactive Protein , CD4-CD8 Ratio , Complement System Proteins , Allergy and Immunology , Enteral Nutrition , Female , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Allergy and Immunology , Therapeutics , Humans , Inflammation , Allergy and Immunology , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Malnutrition , Therapeutics , Middle Aged , Postoperative Period , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272666

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study therapeutic effects by using different oxygen therapies in rats with acute carbon dioxide poisoning, to select the best oxygen therapy technology for patients with acute carbon dioxide poisoning on the spot.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty healthy male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into normal control group, carbon dioxide exposure group, hyperbaric oxygen treatment group (pressure 2 ATA, FiO(2)100%), high concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment group (FiO(2)50%), low concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment group (FiO(2)33%). After treated with different oxygen in rats with acute carbon dioxide poisoning, arterial pH, PO2 and PCO2 of rats were detected, in addition observe pathological changes of lung tissue and brain tissue.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The arterial pH (7.31 ± 0.06) and PO2 [(68.50 ± 15.02) mm Hg] of carbon dioxide exposure group were lower than those of control group [pH (7.42 ± 0.02) and PO2 (92.83 ± 8.27) mm Hg], PCO2 [(71.66 ± 12.10) mm Hg] was higher than that of control group [(48.25 ± 2.59) mm Hg] (P < 0.05); the arterial pH (hyperbaric oxygen treatment group 7.37 ± 0.02, high concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment group 7.39 ± 0.03, low concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment group 7.38 ± 0.02) and PO2 of oxygen treatment groups [hyperbaric oxygen treatment group, high concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment group, low concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment group were (82.25 ± 12.98), (84.75 ± 11.24), (83.75 ± 16.77) mm Hg, respectively] were higher than that of carbon dioxide exposure group, PCO2 [hyperbaric oxygen treatment group, high concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment group, low concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment group were (52.25 ± 4.95), (51.75 ± 4.82), (52.66 ± 5.61) mm Hg, respectively] was lower than that of carbon dioxide exposure group (P < 0.05); there was no significant difference of the arterial pH, PO2 and PCO2 between oxygen treatment groups and control group (P > 0.05); there was no significant difference of the arterial pH, PO2 and PCO2 among oxygen treatment groups (P > 0.05). There was large area of bleeding of lungs in rats with carbon dioxide poisoning, the bleeding of lungs in rats with high concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment and low concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment was better than the rats with carbon dioxide poisoning, there was no abnormal appearance of lungs in rats with hyperbaric oxygen treatment. The light microscope observation showed that there were diffuse bleeding and exudation of lungs in rats with carbon dioxide poisoning, the bleeding and exudation of lungs in rats with high concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment and low concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment were better than the rats with carbon dioxide poisoning, there were only minor bleeding and exudation of lungs in rats with hyperbaric oxygen treatment. There was no difference of brain in anatomy and microscopy among all groups, there were no significant bleeding, edema, cell degeneration and necrosis.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Lung pathology in acute carbon dioxide poisoning rats with hyperbaric oxygen treatment is better than the rats with high concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment and low concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment, there is no significant difference of effect between high concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment group and low concentration of atmospheric oxygen treatment group, however, the results of blood gas analysis and lung pathology than the exposure group improved, so qualified medical unit for hyperbaric oxygen therapy as soon as possible, hyperbaric oxygen treatment facilities in the absence of circumstances, the emergency treatment of early oxygen is also a good measure.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Carbon Dioxide , Poisoning , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Lung , Pathology , Male , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Methods , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272606

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of different oxygen therapy technique (different concentrations of normobaric oxygen and the hyperbaric oxygen) on the ultrastructure of cardiac muscle, lung and liver in rats with acute hydrogen sulfide intoxication.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups: normal control group (A), poisoned group (B), oxygen therapy group (C), oxygen therapy group (D) and oxygen therapy group (E). After the exposure to 300 ppm H2S for 60 min in a static exposure tank (1 m3), the rats were treated with oxygen therapy, C, D and E groups were given 33% oxygen, 50% oxygen of atmospheric oxygen and hyperbaric oxygen therapy for 100 min, respectively. The rats in normal control group inhaled air under the same environment. After exposure and therapy, the tissues of lung, heart and liver were observed under light microscope and electron microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results of light microscope examination showed that the broken and not well aligned cardiac myofilaments, cytoplasmic edema and pyknosis could be seen in group B. The well aligned and clear cardiac myofilaments appeared in group C, D and E. The alveolar hemorrhage, edema and inflammatory cells exudation could not be seen in group A. Alveolar epithelial cell edema, unsmooth alveolar edge and alveolar inflammatory cells exudation could be found in group B. The unsmooth alveolar septal borders and pulmonary edema could be seen occasionally in group C and D, the alveolar inflammatory cells exudation could not be seen in group E. The regular hepatic boards and the uniform hepatic cellular nuclei were found in group A. The disordered hepatic boards, widened cellular gaps and cytoplasmic edema could be seen occasionally in group B. The irregular hepatic boards and ballooning degeneration could be seen in group C and D. The regular hepatic boards and uniform cytoplasm could be found in group E. The results of electron microscope examination indicated that the mitochondrial swelling, autolyzing, fuzzy and breakage of myocardial cells were observed in group B; the clear mitochondrial structure appeared in group E. The apoptosis and organelle vacuole of alveolar epithelial cells could be observed in group B. The relatively normal nuclei of alveolar epithelial cells could be seen in group E. The lax cytoplast structure of hepatocytes, unclear nuclear membrane, lumped chromatin, slightly swelled mitochondria and phagosomes were observed in group B. However, no improved change was observed in group C, D and E.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Hydrogen sulfide could induce the extensive and severe damage of myocardial mitochondria, alveolar epithelial cells and hepatocytes, the oxygen therapy in good time could reduce significantly the myocardial injury, and improve the lung injury to some extent. High-pressure oxygen therapy is better than the normobaric oxygen therapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Hydrogen Sulfide , Poisoning , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Liver , Pathology , Lung , Pathology , Male , Myocardium , Pathology , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Pulmonary Alveoli , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Wistar
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272600

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To Evaluate the effects of different oxygen therapies on the rats with acute nitrogen asphyxia and to study the best oxygen therapic protocol for patients with acute nitrogen asphyxia on the spot.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sixty healthy male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups: control, exposure to nitrogen, 33% oxygen treatment, 50% oxygen treatment and hyperbaric oxygen treatment groups. The behavioral performance, arterial oxygen pressure (PO2), carbon dioxide partial pressure (PCO2) and oxygen saturation (SPO2), biochemical changes in liver and kidney function and myocardial enzymes in 5 groups were measured.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The rats exposed to nitrogen firstly were excited then inactive symptoms, but consciousness was recovered after oxygen therapy. The PO2 and SPO2 in nitrogen exposure group were (79.67 +/- 9.12) and (94.92 +/- 2.78) mm Hg, respectively, which were significantly lower than those in control group (P<0.01). The PO2 and SPO2 of 3 oxygen treatment groups were (94.75 +/- 7.24), (94.92 +/- 8.98), (104.58 +/- 7.12)mm Hg and (97.17 +/- 0.83), (96.92 +/- 1.16), (97.42 +/- 0.67)mm Hg, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in nitrogen exposure group (P<0.05). The PO2 in hyperbaric oxygen treatment group was significantly higher than those in other 2 oxygen treatment groups (P<0.05). The SPO2 in hyperbaric oxygen treatment group was (51.42 +/- 6.60) mm Hg which was significantly higher than that [(44.58 +/- 3.42)mm Hg] in 50% oxygen treatment groups (P< 0.05). AST [(270.50 +/- 49.05 )U/L], ALT [(122.67 +/- 55.44 )U/L], BUN [(7.31 +/- 0.93 )mmol/L], Cr[(28.32 +/- 4.35) micromol/L], CK [(1808.42 +/- 582.05)U/L] and CtnI [(22.52 +/- 14.29 )ng/ml] in nitrogen exposure group were significantly higher than those in control group (P<0.05). AST [(165.25 +/- 30.87) U/L], HBDH [(350.83 +/- 103.00)U/L] and CtnI [(11.23 +/- 5.38) ng/ml] in hyperbaric oxygen treatment group were significantly lower than those in other 2 oxygen treatment groups (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Timely and effective oxygen therapy can significantly increase arterial pressure of oxygen and oxygen saturation in the rats with acute nitrogen asphyxia, and can improve liver function and cardiac damage. The hyperbaric oxygen chamber can significantly increase the therapeutic effects on rats with acute nitrogen asphyxiation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Asphyxia , Blood , Blood Gas Analysis , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Male , Nitrogen , Toxicity , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Rats , Rats, Wistar
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642710

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the myocardial blood supply in patients with metabolic syndrome (MS) using 99Tcm-MIBI SPECT MPI. Methods A total of 342 patients were divided into four groups according to the number of abnormal metabolic indices: no abnormal metabolic index (Group 1), one abnormal index (Group 2), two abnormal indices (Group 3), three or more abnormal indices (Group 4). Each patient underwent two-day protocol of gated stress and rest 99Tcm-MIBI MPI. One hundred and three of the 342 patients were clinically diagnosed as MS and underwent CAG within 1 month after MPI. χ2test was used to evaluate the difference among the four groups and Kappa test to analyze the correlation between MPI and CAG. Results Compared with CAG, the diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values by 99Tcm-MIBI SPECT MPI for coronary artery diseases (CAD) in 103 MS patients were 80.5% (33/41), 85.5% (53/62), 78.6% (33/42) and 86.9% (53/61), respectively. The correlation coefficient between MPI and CAG was 0.657 (P<0.001). The abnormal MPI rates in group 1, 2, 3 and 4 were 23.3% (10/43), 32.9% (26/79), 54.4% (56/103), and 57.3% (67/117), respectively (χ2=23.22, P<0.001). Conclusions In MS patients,99Tcm-MIBI SPECT MPI can be useful for evaluating myocardial blood supply and the myocardial ischemia rates may correlate positively with the number of abnormal metabolic indices.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642463

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of 131I on apoptosis of thyrocytes in patients with Graves disease. Methods Forty-seven patients with Graves disease were divided into two groups, two week group (G2w) and four week group (G4w). All patients underwent thyoid needle biopsy before 131I treatment and the repeated biopsy at two weeks (G2w) or four weeks (G4w) after 131I treatment. The positive units of pro-apoptotic proteins (Fas, FasL) and anti-apoptotic protein (Bcl-2) were studied with immunohistochemistry staining. The differences of the two groups were compared with t-test. Liner correlation analysis was applied to study the correlation between 131I dose and apoptosis-related proteins and that between serum sTSH after 131I treatment and apoptosis-related proteins. Results Fas, FasL and Bcl-2 expression (positive units) were significantly increased in both groups after 131I treatment, G2w :22.84 ± 9.31 vs 16.20 ± 6.75,21.13±6.29vs 14.56±4.06, 21.69±7.83 vs 15.22 ±5.94, t= -3.08, -3.73, -4.05 (allP<0.05); G4w:21.69 ±4.52 vs 15.83 ±5.03, 19. 11 ±3.75 vs 14.02 ±4.98, 19.06 ±3.44 vs 16.63 ±4. 73, t = - 5.26, - 5.00, - 2.41 (all P<0.05). However, no statistical differences were found between G2w and G4w (t = 0. 53, 0. 82, 1.46, all P > 0.05). Significant correlation was found between 131I 0. 727, rFasL = 0. 763 (both P<0.05)), but not between the dose and Bcl-2, rBcl-2 = - 0. 094, 0. 102(both P > 0.05). There were significant correlation between serum sTSH three months after 131I treatment and apoptosis-related proteins, rFas = 0.433, rFasL = 0. 601, rBcln2 = - 0. 397, (all P<0. 05). Conclusions 131I can induce thyrocytes to express the pro-apoptotic proteins in patients with Graves disease.

11.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 337-343, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-314588

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>It is essential to clarify the interactions of hormones during the progression of human breast cancer. This study examined the effects of exogenous human leptin on estrogen receptor (ER) alpha and beta in human breast tumor tissue in a nude mouse xenograft model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We created nude mice xenografts of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, and randomly divided them into an experimental group and a control group. The mice in experimental group were injected subcutaneously around tumors with human leptin, while the control group were injected with the same dose of normal saline. A real-time RT-PCR assay was developed to quantify the mRNA of ERalpha, beta in the tumor tissues. Western blotting analyses were used to assess the relative quantities of the ERalpha, beta proteins.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Leptin-treated xenografted nude mice were successfully established. The amount of ERalpha mRNA was significantly higher in the leptin group than in the control group (P < 0.01), while the amount of ERbeta mRNA was significantly lower in the leptin group than in the control group (P < 0.01). Western blotting analyses revealed that the ERalpha protein level was significantly higher in the leptin group than in the control group (P < 0.01), while the ERbeta protein level was significantly lower in the leptin group than in the control group (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Nude mouse xenograft model can be safely and serviceably treated with human leptin by subcutaneous injections around tumor. ERalpha, beta were both targets of leptin in breast cancer. Leptin can up-regulate the expression of ERalpha and down-regulate the expression of the ERbeta in human breast tumor.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Breast Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Genetics , Metabolism , Estrogen Receptor beta , Genetics , Metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genetics , Humans , Leptin , Therapeutic Uses , Mice , Mice, Nude , Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Random Allocation , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642606

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore a sensitive method and index to evaluate renal functional reserve (RFR) in patients with early diabetic nephropathy (DN) using protein loading-scintirenography.Methods Fifty subjects were studied and divided into 3 groups.Group one (G1) consisted of 14 healthy volunteers;Group two (G2) consisted of 15 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and normoalbuminuria; Group three (G3) consisted of 21 patients with type 2 DM and microalbuminuria.All subjects underwent baseline and protein loading-99 Tcm-DTPA scintirenography within one week.RFR was calculated as the difference between stimulated and baseline glomerular filtration rate (GFR), time of peak ( Tb ), time of half excretion ( C1/2 ), residual rate at 20 min ( C20/b ) .Variance analysis and t-test were used to analyze the group differences.Results ( 1 ) The RFR in terms of GFR had statistical difference between any two groups (t=14.884, 32.180, 16.042, all P<0.01).After protein-loading, the GFR of G1, G2 and G3 increased 20.1, 10.9 and 2.2 ml·min-1·1.73 m-2 respectively.Therefore, the RFR decreased before microalbuminuria in type 2 DM patients.(2)There was statistical difference between the RFR of G1 and G2 in terms of C1/2 (t = 5.505, P<0.05 ), and between G1 and G3 ( t = 8.914, P<0.01 ).(3) There was statistical difference of the RFR in terms of TP between G1 and G3 (t = 5.690, P < 0.01 ).(4) There was statistical difference of the RFR in terms of C20/b between G1 and G3 (t= 4.376, P<0.05 ).Conclusions 99Tcm-DTPA protein loading-scintirenography is an effective method for measuring RFR to evaluate early DN in type 2 DM patients.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-257200

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe effects of different interference orders of electroacupuncture and exercise therapy on the therapeutic effect of hemiplegia after stroke.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The patients of hemiplegia due to stroke were randomly divided into a group A and a group B. The group A were treated by exercise therapy after electroacupuncture (EA) and the group B by EA after exercise therapy. Fugl-Meyer evaluation (FME), modified Barthel index (MBI) and amplitude of somatosensory evoked potential (SEP) on the affected side before treatment and after one therapeutic course (2 weeks) were recorded and compared in the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before and after treatment, FME were 31.760 +/- 4.438 and 76.640 +/- 3.621, and MBI were 26.520 +/- 2.413 and 62.360 +/- 3.700 in the group A; and FME were 32.480 +/- 5.903 and 65.640 +/- 5.212, and the MBI were 28.000 +/- 3.383 and 54.480 +/- 5.205 in the group B, respectively, with very significant differences in FME and MBI in the two groups (all P < 0.01); and the different values before and after treatment in the two indexes in the group A were better than those in the group B (all P < 0.05). There was a very significant difference in the amplitude of SEP before and after treatment in the group A (P < 0.01) and no significant difference in the group B, and there was no significant difference between the two groups in the different value of the amplitude of SEP.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Combination of any orders of electroacupuncture and exercise therapy can improve limb function of the patient with hemiplegia after stroke, but the therapeutic effect of exercise therapy after EA is better.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Combined Modality Therapy , Electroacupuncture , Methods , Exercise Therapy , Methods , Female , Hemiplegia , Rehabilitation , Therapeutics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stroke , Therapeutics , Stroke Rehabilitation
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-348417

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe effects of different interference orders of acupuncture and exercise therapy on the therapeutic effect.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The patients of hemiplegia after stroke in the stage of recovery were randomly divided into two groups: raising handclasp of Bobath after electroacupuncture at Quchi (LI 11) and Hegu (LI 4) on the affected side or electroacupuncture at Quchi (LI 11) and Hegu (LI 4) on the affected side after raising handclasp of Bobath. The changes of SEP on the affected side were recorded and compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>SEP on the affected side significantly increased in the patients after treatment of simple electroacupuncture or exercise therapy (P < 0.01), with no significant difference between the two groups (P > 0.05). There was a very significant difference in SEP on the affected side between the group of exercise treatment after electroacupuncture and the group of electroacupuncture after exercise therapy (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Both electroacupuncture and exercise therapy can immediately improve SEP of the patient in the recovery stage, and the groups of the different interference orders of electroacupuncture and exercise have different effects on SEP, and raising handclasp of Bobath after electroacupuncture is better for improvement in cerebral function of the patient.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Therapy , Aged , Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory , Exercise Therapy , Female , Hemiplegia , Therapeutics , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stroke , Therapeutics
15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 14-17, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338379

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a primary culture method of rat testis Leydig cell.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The primary rat Leydig cells were treated with or without 4 U/ml human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), and testosterone in culture medium was detected by radioimmunoassay. The morphology and biological characteristics of Leydig cell were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The culture cells were highly homogeneous, proliferative and had a high differentiation rate. The high purified Leydig cells were verified by their dynamic morphological changes and 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase delta4-delta5 isomerase (3beta-HSD) histochemical staining. The testosterone secretion induced by hCG significantly increased (P < 0.05) 24 hours after inoculation than that induced without hCG in the control.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It suggests that the Leydig cell cultured in vitro may secrete high concentration of testosterone, and this study laid the basis of androgen replacement therapy for partial androgen deficiency in aging male.</p>


Subject(s)
3-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases , Animals , Cell Culture Techniques , Cells, Cultured , Chorionic Gonadotropin , Pharmacology , Humans , Leydig Cells , Cell Biology , Bodily Secretions , Male , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testis , Cell Biology , Testosterone , Metabolism
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 186-188, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338333

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effect of extracted liquid from Qianlietongyu on the proliferation or apoptosis on prostatic smooth muscle cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>After extracted liquid from Qianlietongyu treated the cultured prostatic smooth muscle cells, the anti proliferative and apoptotic indices were assessed by MTT assy and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was a significant dose-effect relationship between the concentration of extracted liquid from Qianlietongyu and the antiproliferative index on prostatic smooth muscle cells in vitro (P < 0.01), but there was no markedly difference in the apoptosis index between the group of extracted liquid from Qianlietongyu and control group ( P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Extracted liquid from Qianlietongyu may show significant antiproliferative effect on prostatic smooth muscle cells in vitro, without inducing apoptosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Male , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Prostate , Cell Biology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-285876

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the microsatellite abnormalities of the aromatic amine exposure-associated transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) and sporadic TCC of urinary bladder, and to evaluate the potential of microsatellite analysis on detection of this diseases.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on our previous investigations, 5 microsatellite markers (D17S695, D9S162, D3S1295, DBH and D3S1234) that had high frequencies of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) in sporadic TCC, were selected for analysis with the bladder lesions derived from 16 patients with aromatic amine exposure history. The microsatellite analysis with urine sediments from the post-operated patients was also carried out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was at least one informative marker out of the 5 microsatellite foci showed polymorphism in the DNA derived from 16 patients examined. Within 87.50% (14/16) patients, LOH was detected in the bladder lesions at least with one microsatellite marker. The LOH frequency of D3S1295 was higher in occupational TCC patients than that in sporadic TCC patients. The diagnostic accordance rate of patients showed LOH in at least one microsatellite marker with patients diagnosed by pathology was 81.25% (13/16). In the urine sediments from 8 TCC post-operated patients, LOH was found at least with one microsatellite marker.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>There could be a different LOH pattern in aromatic amine exposure-associated TCC, and genes near D3S1295 might play a role in the occupational exposure-associated TCC.</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell , Genetics , Pathology , Humans , Hydrocarbons, Aromatic , Toxicity , Microsatellite Repeats , Occupational Exposure , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Genetics , Pathology
18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 356-358, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323360

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To obtain a simple and effective method to isolate and purify adult Leydig cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The testes of human adults were digested and then the density gradient centrifugation of the cells was performed with four different Percoll concentrations (60%, 34%, 26%, 21%) to isolate Leydig cells, whose characteristics were identified by cytological observation staining, 3beta-HSD staining and detection of hCG and testosterone secretion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>High-concentration (> 90%) purified Leydig cells were acquired, and many identification experiments demonstrated the adequate testosterone secretory function of the isolated and purified Leydig cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This method is easy and efficient for the isolation and purification of adult Leydig cells.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Cell Separation , Methods , Cells, Cultured , Chorionic Gonadotropin , Pharmacology , Humans , Leydig Cells , Cell Biology , Bodily Secretions , Male , Povidone , Silicon Dioxide , Testosterone , Bodily Secretions
19.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 740-743, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339437

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To research the changes in microscopic characteristics and ability of secreting testosterone between aged SD rat Leydig cells and young SD rat Leydig cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The total and free serum testosterone levels of serum both young and aged rats were examined. The changes in microscopic characteristics between young and aged rat Leydig cells were observed under microscope and electron microscope. The testosterone secreted by cultured Leydig cells of stimulated by hCG and Forskolin both groups were detected.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A significant difference was found in both total and free testosterone levels between young and old rats (P < 0.05). Aged SD rat Leydig cells were observed smaller in volume and more markedly stained than young ones; The secretion ability of aged rat Leydig cells was found lower than that of young rat Leydig cells with or without hCG and Forskolin stimulation (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The secreting index of aged SD rat Leydig cells is lower than that of young rat Leydig cells both in vivo and vitro, and the reason is the system of synthesizing testosterone is arrested.</p>


Subject(s)
Androgens , Animals , Cells, Cultured , Leydig Cells , Pathology , Bodily Secretions , Male , Progesterone , Bodily Secretions , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testosterone , Bodily Secretions
20.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 201-204, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311123

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of nitric oxide donor and alpha(1)-receptor antagonist on proliferation/apoptosis of hyperplastic prostatic stromal cells in vitro.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Primary cultured prostatic stromal cells were treated by nitric oxide donor SNP and Terazosin, and the antiproliferative index and apoptosis index were determined by MTT assay and TUNEL respectively.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There was a significant dose-effect relationship between SNP and the antiproliferative effects, while Terazosin showed no antiproliferative effects and the combination of SNP and Terazosin showed no strengthen effects. Terazosin significantly induced apoptosis, but SNP showed no effect on induction of apoptosis, while there were much more effects of inducing apoptosis in the combination of Terazosin and SNP than the Terazosin alone.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Terazosin induces apoptosis in cultured BPH stromal SMCs with little effect on the cell proliferation. SNP inhibits the proliferation of the cells without affecting apoptosis. The apoptosis induction effect is enhanced when Terazosin is combined with SNP, but they do not have an additive antiproliferative effect.</p>


Subject(s)
Adrenergic alpha-Antagonists , Pharmacology , Apoptosis , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Synergism , Humans , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Male , Nitric Oxide Donors , Pharmacology , Prazosin , Pharmacology , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Stromal Cells , Pathology
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