Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 9 de 9
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906487

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study aims to investigate the clinical efficacy of Modified Xiangsha Liu Junzitang in the treatment of diabetic gastroparesis (DGP) and its influence on gastrointestinal hormones and oxidative stress. Method:In this study, 128 patients were randomly divided into control group (64 cases) and observation group (64 cases) . Patients in two groups took domperidone tablets orally 30 minutes before meals, 10 mg/time, 3 times/day. Patients in control group took Shenling Baizhusan San, 6 g/time, twice a day. Patients in observation group were prescribed addition and subtraction therapy of Modified Xiangsha Liu Junzitang, 1 dose/day. The course of treatment for both groups was 4 weeks. Before and after treatment, scores of gastroparesis cardinal symptom index (GCSI), and gastric emptying test and electrogastrogram were noted. Before the treatment, scores of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome and health survey summary were graded(SF-36). The levels of gastrin (GAS), motilin (MTL), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), somatostatin (SS), superoxide dismutase (SOD), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured before and after treatment. And adverse reactions during treatment were recorded. Result:The scores of postprandial abdominal distension/early satiety, nausea and vomiting, abdominal distention and the total scores of GCSI in the observation group were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The gastric emptying rate in observation group was higher than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and the score of TCM syndromes was lower than that of control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The scores of SF-36 in observation group were higher than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The frequency of gastric electricity and gastric electric vibration before and after the meal in observation group were higher than that in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The levels of GAS, MTL, VIP, ROS and MDA in observation group were lower than those in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), while the levels of SS and SOD were higher than that of control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). The total effective rate in observation group was 93.75% (60/64), which was higher than 79.69% (51/64) (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=5.494, <italic>P</italic><0.05) in control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). And no adverse reactions were found in the clinical observation. Conclusion:Modified Xiangsha Liu Junzitang combined with prokinetic drugs in the treatment of DGP patients can reduce the clinical symptoms of DGP, enhance gastrointestinal motility, improve the gastric emptying rate, improve the quality of life, regulate the level of gastrointestinal hormones, and reduce the damage of autonomic nerve caused by oxidative stress, with good comprehensive clinical effect and safety in application.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential targets and related mechanism involved in the paclitaxel resistance to ovarian cancer. Method:Ovarian cancer A2780 cells and A2780 paclitaxel-resistant cells (A2780/T) were treated by 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128, 256 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> paclitaxel (PTX) for 24 h or 48 h respectively <italic>in vitro</italic>. The proliferation rate of A2780 cells and A2780/T cells treated with paclitaxel was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) colorimetric method assay. A2780 and A2780/T cells were analyzed by LC-MS/MS Label-Free quantitative proteomics to identify and screen differentially expressed proteins in the two groups of cells. Gene ontology (GO) annotation and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were used to determine the potential biomarkers of paclitaxel resistance in ovarian cancer. Conventionally cultured A2780 cells were used as a control group, and A2780/T cells were treated with 0, 1, 4 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup> PTX. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot methods were used to detect and verify the mRNA and protein expression levels of potential target transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic>-activated kinase 1 binding protein 1 (TAB1) and its downstream related molecules transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic>-activated kinase (TAK1) and p38. Result:After PTX treatment for 24 h and 48 h, the cell viability of A2780 and A2780/T cells decreased. The inhibitory rate of PTX on A2780 cells was significantly higher than that of A2780/T cells. In A2780 cells, the IC<sub>50</sub> of PTX treatment for 48 h was 0.002 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>, while in A2780/T cells, the IC<sub>50 </sub>of PTX was greater than the maximum concentration of 128 μmol·L<sup>-1</sup>, indicating that A2780/T cells were resistant to PTX compared with A2780 cells. 441 differentially expressed proteins and 421 special differentially expressed proteins between A2780/T and A2780 cells were screened by label-free quantitative proteomic analysis. GO function enrichment analysis showed that the binding proteins accounted for the majority (80%) among the differentially expressed proteins. According to the results of KEGG pathway analysis and expression site analysis, TAB1 might be a potential biomarker in paclitaxel-resistant ovarian cancer. Compared with A2780 cells, mRNA and protein expression levels of TAB1 in A2780/T cells were significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.01). mRNA expression of TAK1 and p38 that interacted with TAB1 were also significantly reduced (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), while there was no significant change in protein expression. Conclusion:TAB1 may be a potential biomarker of paclitaxel resistance to ovarian cancer , and its mechanism may be related to the TAB1/TAK1/p38 MAPK pathway.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790134

ABSTRACT

Objective :To explore changes of plasma levels of BNP and copeptin (CPT) in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF) of different degrees and their correlation with cardiac function class .Methods :A total of 150 CHF patients treated in our hospital from Feb 2015 to Feb 2017 ,were selected as CHF group .Another 45 healthy volun‐ teers undergoing physical examination in our hospital simultaneously were regarded as healthy control group .Plasma BNP and CPT levels were compared between two groups .According to NYHA cardiac function class ,CHF group was further divided into class II group (n=48) ,class III group (n=51) and class IV group (n=51).Plasma levels of BNP and CPT etc .were measured and compared among three subgroups .Correlation among BNP ,CPT levels and cardiac function class were analyzed in CHF patients .Results :Compared with healthy control group ,there were significant rise in plasma levels of BNP and CPT in CHF group , P= 0.001 both .Compared with class II group , there were significant rise in plasma levels of BNP [ (1002.82 ± 101.33) pmol/L vs.(1515.05 ± 166.73) pmol/L vs.(2102.36 ± 227.32) pmol/L] ,CPT [ (6.51 ± 1.01 ) pmol/L vs.(9.28 ± 2.89 ) pmol/L vs .(14.03 ± 3.72 ) pmol/L] and LVEDd [ (51.51 ± 4. 01) mm vs.(59.28 ± 6.19) mm vs.(64. 03 ± 5.72) mm] ,and significant reduc‐tion in LVEF [ (50. 82 ± 6. 33)% vs.(45.05 ± 4.73)% vs.(41.36 ± 2.32)%] in class III group and class IV group , and plasma levels of BNP ,CPT ,LVEDd in class IV group were significantly higher than those of class III group , and LVEF was significantly lower than that of class III group , P=0. 001 all.Spearman correlation analysis indicated that plasma levels of BNP and CPT were significant positively correlated with cardiac function class in CHF patients ( r=0.320 ,0.302 , P=0.009 ,0.011).Conclusion :Along with CHF aggravates ,the plasma levels of BNP and CPT significantly rise .Cardiac function class is significant positively correlated with plasma levels of BNP and CPT .

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700033

ABSTRACT

Objective To propose a method for high-energy photon 3D decoding of PET detector to decode reactive crystal position and calculate γ ray depth in the scintillating crystal. Methods Light transmitting windows were set between the crystal arrays, visible photon groups were guided to distribute in the photoelectric sensor array during a single event, and sensor signal intensity was regulated to realize position and depth decoding of the high-energy photon.Monte Carlo method was used to compare the designs of different light transmitting windows to determine the effects of the crystal surface treatment mode on the results. Experiments were executed for further verification. Results The experimental results had consistency with simulation ones;the signal received through the reaction crystal was always stronger than that through the adjacent, which could decode the reaction crystals; the relations between the depth of interaction (DOI) and energy differences of the photo sensors were monotonic with the changes of DOI,and thus could be used to calculate the DOI;when using single window,the DOI vs.Diff.Energy curves had two segments which were not desired for DOI measurement;crystals with rough surfaces were more desired since the qualities of their DOI vs.Diff.Energy curves were better;the dual window method had the best DOI vs.Diff.Energy curves in term of linearity.Conclusion The method can realize 3D decoding of the discrete crystal array,which improves the energy resolution of the PET system. [Chinese Medical Equipment Journal, 2018,39(5):22-28,63]

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-695847

ABSTRACT

Objective Through analyzing the literatures about acupuncture-moxibustion in releasing chemotherapyinduced nausea and vomit,to understand its current situation and progress,preparing for further studies in the future.Method Four databanks were retrieved.Two researchers independently skimmed the titles and abstracts for filtering the collected data,and then carefully read through the full texts for further selection.Snowball retrieval of the references in each recruited article completed the whole literature search.Result A total of 407 manuscripts were collected by retrieving databanks,but 80 were excluded due to ineligible designs or intervention protocols.Finally,76 articles were included.Conclusion Acupuncture-moxibustion is effective in preventing and treating nausea and vomit induced by chemotherapy.Future studies should rigorously follow the randomized controlled trials design and adopt precise efficacy evaluations,to provide foundation for subsequent evidence-based studies.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1734-1737, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641345

ABSTRACT

AIM:To understand the clinic effect of intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) drugs injection in the treatment of fundus disease in the real-world study (RWS).METHODS:The clinical cases treated with anti-VEGF drugs in our department from September 2012 to June 2015 were enrolled in this study.Retrospective investigation was reviewed to the kinds of diseases, frequency, usage, efficacy, adverse reaction, and the effects on visual acuity, fundus and macular thickness which were treated with intravitreal anti-VEGF drugs injection.RESULTS:In 305 patients (340 eyes) treated with anti-VEGF drugs, 53 patients (60 eyes, 17.6%) were wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD), polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) 16 cases (18 eyes, 5.3%), diabetic macular edema (DME) 120 cases (134 eyes, 39.4%), branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) secondary macular edema 61 cases (68 eyes, 20.0%), central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) secondary macular edema 29 cases (32 eyes, 9.4%), idiopathic choroidal neovascularization (ICNV) 16 cases (18 eyes, 5.3%), high myopia with choroid neovascularization 4 cases (4 eyes, 1.2%), neovascular glaucoma 4 cases (4 eyes, 1.2%), retinal angiomatous proliferation (RAP) 1 cases (1 eyes, 0.2%) and optic papillary neovascularization 1 cases (1 eyes, 0.2%).The minimum age was 16 years old, and the maximum age 90 years old.There were 247 cases (275 eyes, 80.9%) were treated with intravitreal ranibizumab injection, 58 cases (65 eyes, 19.1%) intravitreal conbercept injection.The time number of all patients accepted anti-VEGF drugs treatment was 465, with an average of 1.7 times per eye.Which, the 3 + PRN treatment method in 98 patients (109 eyes, 32.1%), 1 + PRN treatment in 207 patients (231 eyes, 67.9%).69 cases (77 eyes, 22.6%) were used alone to receive anti-VEGF drugs therapy, 10 cases (11 eyes, 3.2%) combined with intravitreal triamcinolone injection(TA), 35 cases (39 eyes, 11.5%) combined with vitrectomy, 26 cases (29 eyes, 8.5%) combined with photodynamic treatment (PDT), 165 cases (184 eyes, 54.1%) combined with simple laser treatment.After anti-VEGF drug treatment, majority of patients' the best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), fundus and central macular thickness(CMT) were significantly improved, compared with the pre-treatment, the difference is significant (P<0.05).So that anti-VEGF drugs can effectively improve visual function and ocular fundus for fundus diseses.There were no serious adverse reactions except 3 patients appearling skin redness, itching, rash, 1 patient low low-grade fever and 1 patient acute cerebral infarction during the treatment.CONCLUSION:Intravitreal anti-VEGF drugs injection can significantly improve the visual function and ocular fundus for patients with fundus diseases, but there are still some adverse events, which should be attached great importance to medical workers.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294367

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To systematically assess the efficacy and safety of Rhodiola in treating chronic stable angina pectoris.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Our group searched the Cochrane library, PubMed, Embase, Chinese biomedical literature database (CBM), VIP database (VIP), Chinese Journal Full-text Database (CNKI) for the literature published in English and Chinese till April 2013. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included on the therapeutic effect of Rhodiola or Rhodiola plus conventional Western medicine in comparison with the conventional Western medicine treatment on stable angina. Data were extracted according the data extraction form. The literature methodological quality was assessed by using the Cochrane handbook, and data analyzed by Rev-Man 5.2 Software for Meta-analysis. The effect indicators of outcomes was expressed by odds ratio (OR) and 95% CI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 7 randomized controlled trials, 662 cases of stable angina pectoris patients met the inclusion criteria and all published in Chinese, without one scientific design and high quality literature. Compared with the conventional Western medicine treatment, combined with oral administration of Rhodiola could improve the efficiency of anti-angina (OR = 2.49, 95% CI: 1.02 - 6.09). Combined with intravenous infusion of Rhodiola could also improve the efficacy of angina pectoris (OR = 4.86, 95% CI: 2.4 - 9.82). Oral administration of Rhodiola couldn't improve ECG efficacy (OR = 1.25, 95% CI: 0.67 - 2.34). Intravenous infusion of Rhodiola could improve the clinical efficacy (OR = 2.94, 95% CI: 1.61 - 5.35). Combined with the conventional treatment, intravenous infusion of Rhodiola could improve the whole blood viscosity (low and high shear rates) and inverse variance (IV) (-1.36 and -0.99, 95% CI: -1.65 - 1.07 and -1.26 - 0.71), but could not reduce serum fibrinogen and D-dimer level. The incidence rate of adverse reactions was higher than that of the conventional treatment combined with Rhodiola (OR = 0.1, 95% CI: 0.02 - 0.51).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>On the basis of routine treatment, Rhodiola could further improve patients' symptoms. Combined with intravenous medication, Rhodiola could increase the ECG improvement rate, and reduce adverse reactions. But the methodological quality of included studies was poor, the number of samples was small, and influence factors such as the intervention period was short. This conclusion needs scientific and rational design in a larger sample, multicenter clinical trial to verify.</p>


Subject(s)
Angina, Stable , Drug Therapy , Chronic Disease , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Rhodiola , Treatment Outcome
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267187

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the antiproliferative activity of Rubus parvifolius L. (RP) extract, its medicinal serum and RP total saponins (RPTS) against K562 cells in vitro and in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nude mice models bearing leukemia tumors were treated with different concentrations of RP extract. The size, weight and histopathological change of leukemic tumors were determined. Semi-solid agar culture and methylthiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay were used to determine in vitro the inhibition of colony formation and proliferation of K562 cells respectively by different concentrations of RP medicinal serum and RPTS.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>RP extract had a tumor inhibition rate of 84.8% when administered to mice at a dose of 1.0 g/day of crude RP root equivalent. Semi-solid agar culture of K562 cells in the presence of 20% (v/v) of RP medicinal serum and 150 mg/L RPTS demonstrated a 50.8% and 100% inhibition of the colony forming unit (CFU)-K562, respectively. The same doses of RP medicinal serum and RPTS showed a proliferation inhibition of 31.4% and 86.3%, respectively against K562 cells in MTT assay.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>RP extract and RPTS show effective antiproliferative activity against myeloid leukemia cells in vitro and in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Agar , Animals , Cell Proliferation , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Rosaceae , Chemistry , Saponins , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Subcutaneous Tissue , Pathology , Tumor Stem Cell Assay , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326973

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the effects of sperm chromatin structure abnormalities on the outcome of in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer (IVF-ET).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sperm DNA fragmentation and chromatin packaging defects were assessed in 136 couples undergoing IVF-ET because of infertility. The relationship between sperm DNA fragmentation, chromatin packaging defects and fertilization rate and clinical pregnancy was evaluated.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Both sperm DNA fragmentation and chromatin packaging defect had a negative correlation with fertilization rate (r=-0.198, P<0.05, and r=-0.389, P<0.01, respectively). Both parameters were higher in couples who failed to achieve pregnancy than those who achieved clinical pregnancy (10.74% vs. 5.40%, P<0.01 and 23.58% vs. 11.83%, P<0.01, respectively).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Abnormality of sperm chromatin structure is one of the reasons for IVF-ET failure. Examination of sperm chromatin structure is helpful in predicting the risk of IVF-ET failure and optimizing treatment of infertility.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Chromatin , Genetics , DNA Fragmentation , Embryo Transfer , Methods , Female , Fertilization in Vitro , Methods , Humans , Infertility , Therapeutics , Male , Pregnancy , Spermatozoa , Physiology , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL