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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To reveal the effect and mechanism of Jiaotai Pill (, JTP) on insomniac rats.@*METHODS@#The insomniac model was established by intraperitoneal injection of p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA). In behavioral experiments, rats were divided into control, insomniac model, JTP [3.3 g/(kg•d)], and diazepam [4 mg/(kg•d)] groups. The treatment effect of JTP was evaluated by weight measurement (increasement of body weight), open field test (number of crossings) and forced swimming test (immobility time). A high performance liquid chromatography-electrochemical detection (HPLC-ECD) method was built to determine the concentration of monoamine transmitters in hypothalamus and peripheral organs from normal, model, JTP, citalopram [30 mg/(kg•d)], maprotiline [40 mg/(kg•d)] and bupropion [40 mg/(kg•d)] groups. Expressions of serotonin transporter (SERT), dopamine transporter (DAT), and norepinephrine transporter (NET) were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blot in normal, model and JTP groups. A high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was established to determine the pharmacokinetics, urine cumulative excretion of metformin in vivo, and tissue slice uptake in vitro, which were applied to assess the activity of organic cation transporters (OCTs) in hypothalamus and peripheral organs.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the insomniac model group, the body weight and spontaneous locomotor were increased, and the immobility time was decreased after treatment with JTP (P<0.01). Both serotonin and dopamine contents in hypothalamus and peripheral organs were increased (P<0.01). The norepinephrine content was increased in peripheral organs and decreased in hypothalamus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). At the same time, SERT, DAT, OCT1, OCT2, and OCT3 were down-regulated in hypothalamus and peripheral organs (P<0.05). NET was down-regulated in peripheral organs and up-regulated in hypothalamus (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Moreover, the activity of OCTs in hypothalamus and peripheral organs was inhibited (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#JTP alleviates insomnia through regulation of monoaminergic system and OCTs in hypothalamus and peripheral organs.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873325

ABSTRACT

Objective::To investigate in vivo and in vitro metabolites of coptisine and their metabolic pathways. Method::SD rats were given coptisine by single gavage (dose of 25 mg·kg-1). Urine and feces from 0 h to 48 h, bile from 0 h to 24 h, and plasma and brain tissue samples at 0.25, 1, 2 h after administration were collected.In vitro metabolism was incubated with rat liver microsomes and intestinal flora.The metabolites were analyzed and identified by the high-resolution HPLC-MS/MS technique.The liquid chromatography separation was carried out on ZORBAX SB-C18 column (4.6 mm×150 mm, 5 μm) with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid solution as the mobile phase for gradient elution, the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1, and column temperature was 25 ℃.The mass spectra were obtained in positive and negative ion mode with electrospray ionization (ESI), the scanning range was m/z 50-1 200.The relative molecular weight was determined according to the quasi-molecular ion peaks.The structures of metabolites were elucidated by comparing the data with literature data, including main ion peaks, UV spectrum and HPLC retention time information. Result::A total of 17 metabolites were identified in each sample, including 11 phase Ⅰ metabolites and 6 phase Ⅱ metabolites.The pathways to these metabolites were hydroxylation, demethylation, dehydrogenation, sulfation and glucuronide conjugation. Conclusion::Coptisine can produce metabolic reaction of phase Ⅰ and phase Ⅱ in rat, and metabolites are predominantly present in urine, and the main metabolic site is liver.Coptisine is poorly absorbed and rarely metabolized in gastrointestinal tract, so it is mostly excreted through feces by prototype.This experiment can provide material basis for the pharmacodynamics and pharmacology of coptisine.

3.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2915-2920, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772893

ABSTRACT

Background@#Few studies have been published on new-onset geriatric epilepsy especially in older Chinese people. This study was to have a comprehensive understanding of new-onset geriatric epilepsy and find a more reasonable diagnosis and management of epilepsy in older people.@*Methods@#One hundred and three patients with onset age 60 years and older were admitted between January 2008 and December 2016. Electronic medical records were reviewed to collect information.@*Results@#There were 103 older patients with new-onset epilepsy. The mean age of the patients was 68.5 ± 6.4 years (range: 60-89 years), and there were 67 (65%) men and 36 (35%) women. The mean onset age was 67.9 ± 6.2 years (range: 60-89 years). The most common identifiable etiology of symptomatic seizures was autoimmune epilepsy in 43 (41.7%) patients. The second most common etiology was stroke in 15 (14.6%) patients. Seven (6.8%) older patients with acute seizures present with status epilepticus and 26 (25.2%) patients experienced clustered seizures (more than three events in 24 h) at seizure onset. Focal seizures (96.1%) were more common than generalized seizures (3.9%). Fifty-three (51.5%) patients had an abnormal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan. Among them, video-electroencephalogram findings in 31 (30.1%) patients correlated with MRI abnormalities. Levetiracetam was the most used drugs before admission, in hospital, and during follow-up.@*Conclusions@#Autoimmune encephalitis is becoming an increasing risk factor of subsequent epilepsy in older people. Older patients with new epilepsy are more likely to respond to antiepileptic drugs, and drug-resistant epilepsy is uncommon.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Electroencephalography , Epilepsy , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Levetiracetam , Therapeutic Uses , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Prognosis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775402

ABSTRACT

A new naphthaldehyde derivative has been isolated from Comastoma pulmonarium by using various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel, Sephadex LH-20, MCI-gel resin and RP-HPLC. This compounds was determined as 5-methoxy-2-methyl-7-(2-oxopropyl)naphthalene-1-carbaldehyde(1) by NMR, MS, IR and UV spectra. This compound was also evaluated for its anti-tobacco mosaic virus (anti-TMV) activity. The result showed that it showed high anti-TMV activity with inhibition rate of 32.8%. The inhibition rate is close to that of positive control (ningnanmycin).


Subject(s)
Aldehydes , Pharmacology , Antiviral Agents , Pharmacology , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Gentianaceae , Chemistry , Naphthalenes , Pharmacology , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Tobacco , Tobacco Mosaic Virus
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335814

ABSTRACT

To explore the possible mechanism of liver injury, the effects of Ploygoni Multiflori Caulis and its extractive on the function of bilirubin-associated transporters were investigated in normal (N) and idiosyncratic (LPS) rats (M). The normal and LPS rats were respectively administrated powder of Ploygoni Multiflori Caulis, its extractive and same volume of 0.5% CMC-Na solution for 7 d. BSP, a substrate of the transporters of Oatp1a1 and Oatp1b2 was selected, and its pharmacokinetic parameters of intravenous injection were determined to examined the activity these transporters. Meanwhile the mRNA expressions of transporters were detected. Compared with N-blank control group, besides M-powder group, the Cmax has no significantly different from other groups, t1/2, AUC0-t and AUC0-∞ were significantly increased, and CL were significantly decreased. However, compared with N- blank control group, AST and ALT decreased significantly. The expression of Oatp1a1, Oatp1b2 and MRP2 mRNA was significantly decreased (P<0.05), but there was no act synergistically when Ploygoni Multiflori Caulis and extractive were combined with LPS. The function of Oatp1a1, Oatp1b2 and MRP2 in rats were significantly inhibited by Ploygoni Multiflori Caulis and extractive, which may be an important cause of hepatotoxicity.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-335787

ABSTRACT

A new naphthalene derivative has been isolated from Aloe vera by using various chromatographic techniques, including silica gel, sephadex, MCI-gel resin, and RP-HPLC. The new compound was determined as 3-hydroxy-1-(1,7-dihydroxy-3,6-dimethoxynaphthalen-2-yl)propan-1-one (1). In the biological activity assay, compound 1 disglayed prominent antibacterial activity with a MIC90 value of (48±4) mg•L⁻¹ for methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strain which was stronger than that of the positive control levofloxacin with a MIC90 value (58±5) mg•L⁻¹.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1100-1112, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-266855

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Diagnosis of syphilis is difficult. Follow-up and therapy evaluation of syphilitic patients are poor. Little is known about positron emission tomography (PET) in syphilis. This review was to systematically review usefulness of PET for diagnosis, disease extent evaluation, follow-up, and treatment response assessment in patients with syphilis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We searched PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, ClinicalTrials.gov, and three Chinese databases (SinoMed, Wanfang, and CNKI) for English and Chinese language articles from inception to September 2016. We also collected potentially relevant studies and reviews using a manual search. The search keywords included the combined text and MeSH terms "syphilis" and "positron emission tomography". We included studies that reporting syphilis with a PET scan before and/or after antibiotic treatment. The diagnosis of syphilis was based on serological criteria or dark field microscopy. Outcomes include pre- and post-treatment PET scan, pre- and post-treatment computed tomography, and pre- and post-treatment magnetic resonance imaging. We excluded the articles not published in English or Chinese or not involving humans.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of 258 identified articles, 34 observational studies were included. Thirty-three studies were single-patient case reports and one study was a small case series. All patients were adults. The mean age of patients was 48.3 ± 12.1 years. In primary syphilis, increased fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) accumulation could be seen at the site of inoculation or in the regional lymph nodes. In secondary syphilis with lung, bone, gastrointestinal involvement, or generalized lymphadenopathy, increased FDG uptake was the most commonly detected changes. In tertiary syphilis, increased glucose metabolic activity, hypometabolic lesions, or normal glucose uptake might be seen on PET. There were five types of PET scans in neurosyphilis. A repeated PET scan after treatment revealed apparent or complete resolution of the asymmetry of radiotracer uptake.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>PET is helpful in targeting diagnostic interventions, characterizing disease extent, assessing nodal involvement, and treatment efficacy for syphilis.</p>


Subject(s)
Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Metabolism , Humans , Positron-Emission Tomography , Methods , Syphilis , Pathology
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277942

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics of restless legs syndrome (RLS) in adults in Peking Union Medical College Hospital and explore the sleep quality,fatigue degree,daytime sleepiness,disease severity,depression and anxiety of RLS patients.Methods Totally 4739 consecutive patients who visited the outpatient departments with any sleep complaint or leg discomforts were recruited in the study. Patients under 18 years were excluded. All participants answered RLS questionnaire. The subjects fulfilled all four criteria would be followed up and given advanced examinations to rule out secondary RLS and RLS mimics. Primary RLS patients were evaluated with International Restless Legs Scale (IRLS),Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI),Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS),Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS),and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale for depression and anxiety (HADD and HADA). Another two groups of age-and gender-matched healthy subjects and non-RLS insomnia patients were served as normal and non-RLS insomnia controls.Results There were 162 (3.42%,162/4739) subjects fulfilling all four criteria for RLS; 42 (0.89%,42/4739) subjects were diagnosed as primary RLS and 33 (0.70%,33/4739) as RLS mimics. In primary RLS patients,41(97.6%) were found to be with poor sleep,13 (31.0%) with anxiety,and 4(9.5%) with depression. The scores of PSQI(q=11.69,P=0.000),HADA(q=8.02,P=0.000),and HADD(q=6.60,P=0.000)in primary RLS patients were significantly higher than those in normal controls. The scores of FSS(q=3.74,P=0.001),ESS(q=2.97,P=0.012),and HADD(q=4.15,P=0.000) in primary RLS patients were significantly lower than those in non-RLS insomnia controls. The scores of HADA and HADD were significantly correlated with those of PSQI(r=0.340,P=0.028;r=0.383,P=0.012),FSS(r=0.445,P=0.003;r=0.511,P=0.001),and IRLS(r=0.477,P=0.001;r=0.578,P=0.000). Conclusions RLS should be considered in the patients with any sleep-related complaint or leg discomforts. Primary RLS patients suffer from bad sleep and are more susceptible to anxiety and depression. Secondary RLS and RLS mimics should be excluded before the diagnosis of primary RLS.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Case-Control Studies , Depression , Fatigue , Humans , Restless Legs Syndrome , Diagnosis , Severity of Illness Index , Sleep , Surveys and Questionnaires
9.
Chinese Journal of Virology ; (6): 25-32, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-356643

ABSTRACT

This study aims to analyze the epidemiological features and pathogenic characteristics of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) in Gansu Province, China and to provide a basis for the development of effective prevention and control measures. The descriptive epidemiological analysis was used to analyse the data of HFMD cases in Gansu. The specimens collected from hospitals were subjected to RT-PCR or real-time PCR to detect human enterovirus (HEV) nucleic acid, and HEV strains were isolated using human rhabdomyosarcoma cells and human laryngeal carcinoma cells. The complete VP1-encoding region of several identified enterovirus A71 (EV71) and coxsackievirus A16 (CVA16) was subjected to full-length amplification by RT-PCR and then to sequencing and analysis. A total of 52 550 HFMD cases were reported in Gansu from 2008 to 2012, including 205 severe cases and 27 deaths. The incidence rates in the whole province from 2008 to 2012 were 22.42/10(5), 49.29/10(5), 47.20/10(5), 27.27/10(5), and 55.84/10(5), respectively. There were cases in all the 14 cities or prefectures in Gansu, and Lanzhou had the largest number of cases (16 001 cases), accounting for 30.45% of all cases in the province. HFMD cases were mostly reported during May to July, accounting for 51.69% of all cases throughout the year. The male-to-female ratio was 1.69:1. Of all the cases, 87.59% were under the age of five. Of the 5 416 cases for laboratory tests, 3 322 (61.34%) were positive for HEV nucleic acid, including EV71 (46.96%), CVA16 (41.57%), and other HEVs (11.47%). Among the 186 severe cases, 114 (61.29%) were positive for HEV nucleic acid, and 82.46% of the positive cases for EV71. All the 25 dead cases were infected with EV71. A total of 402 strains were isolated from 3 111 specimens collected from hospitals (2 123 throat swab specimens, 705 stool specimens, and 705 herpes specimens), including EV71 (70.15%), CVA16 (27.11), other coxsackievirus A (3.98%), coxsackievirus B (2.49%), echovirus (1.74%), and adenovirus (1.99%). The genotyping of VP1- encoding region showed that all the 194 EV71 strains isolated during 2008-2012 belonged to the C4a evolutionary branch of C4 subtype; among the 45 CVA16 strains, 12 belonged to the Bla evolutionary branch of B1 subtype and 33 to the B1b evolutionary branch, and B1b became the predominant subtype in 2012. In conclusion, in Gansu Province, HFMD occurs mostly in children under the age of five; EV71 and CVA16 are the main pathogens of this disease, and the two are predominant alternately from 2008 to 2012; the severe and dead cases of HFMD are closely related to infection with EV71; the types of pathogens varied across different regions in the same year during 2008-2012.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Cluster Analysis , Enterovirus , Virulence , Physiology , Evolution, Molecular , Female , Hand, Foot and Mouth Disease , Epidemiology , Virology , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-256895

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the association of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) expression with clinicopathological factors in colorectal cancer.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunohistochemical stain was used to detect the 5-LOX expression in 52 resected specimens of colorectal cancer. The association between 5-LOX expression and clinicopathological factors was examined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The positive rate of 5-LOX expression in 52 specimens of colorectal carcinoma was 73.1% (38/52). In 41 colorectal cancer specimens with lymph node metastasis, the positive rate of 5-LOX expression was higher than that in the specimens without metastasis (87.8% vs. 18.2%, P<0.05). The positive rate of 5-LOX expression in the specimens with deep infiltration (T3 and T4) was higher than that in the specimens with superficial infiltration (T1 and T2) (81.1% vs. 53.3%, P<0.05). The positive rate of 5-LOX expression in TNM stage III and IIII cancer was higher than that in stage I and II (79.5% vs. 53.8%, P<0.05). The positive rate of 5-LOX expression in cancers of poor differentiation and non-differentiation adenocarcinoma was higher than that of well and moderately differentiated cancer (100% vs. 50.0%, P<0.05). There were no significant differences of 5-LOX expression with tumor size,vascular invasion and peritoneal dissemination.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>5-LOX expression in colorectal carcinoma is closely associated with lymph node metastasis, infiltration depth, differentiation degree and TNM stage.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arachidonate 5-Lipoxygenase , Metabolism , Colorectal Neoplasms , Pathology , Female , Humans , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
11.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1095-1098, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267981

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the necessity of staged hypospadias surgery for adult men in order to improve the success rate of operation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed 52 cases of hypospadias treated in our department from January 2004 to January 2012. The patients were adult males at the mean age of 22 years and all had a history of urethroplasty, with curvature of the penis and scar tissues on the penile skin. We removed the scarred fibrous tissues on the ventral cavernosa and cut off the urethral plate following foreskin-degloving. For those still with penile curvature, we straightened the penis by plication of the dorsal tunica albuginea, with the length of the anterior urethral defect > 50% of that of the penis after penis-straightening. The patients were assigned to group 1 (n = 20) to receive stage-I foreskin vascular pedicle flap urethroplasty and group 2 (n = 32) to undergo foreskin-shaping at the ventral aspect of the penis following penile straightening to prepare the urethra plate for stage-II Duplay urethroplasty after 6-12 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The success rates of urethroplasty were 25 and 56.3% in groups 1 and 2, respectively, with the post-urethroplasty incidence rates of urinary fistula of 50 and 21.9%, urethral stricture of 15 and 9.4%, local wound infection of 30 and 25%, and urethral rupture of 20 and 12.5%. There were statistically significant differences between the two groups in the incidence of urinary fistula and the success rate of urethroplasty, but not in urethral stricture, local wound infection and urethral rupture.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>For adult hypospadias patients with a history of urethroplasty, especially those with obvious penile curvature, long urethral defect and insufficient foreskin, staged hypospadias surgery is preferable, which can dramatically increase the success rate of second-stage urethroplasty.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Humans , Hypospadias , General Surgery , Male , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male , Methods , Young Adult
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 816-820, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-307287

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the growth-inhibitory effect of polypeptide P110, designed with G3BP protein targets, plus cisplatin on human colon cancer HCT-116 cells and mouse colon cancer C26 xenotransplanted tumors in mice.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The proliferation inhibition of HCT-116 cells and HUVEC cells in vitro was evaluated by MTT assay. A mouse model of xenotransplanted C26 mouse colon cancer was established. The inhibitory effects of P110 and cisplatin at different concentrations on C26 xenotransplanted tumors were assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>P110 enhanced the inhibitory effect of cisplatin on proliferation of HCT-116 cells. By treated with 20 µmol/LP110 + 10, 30, 90 µmol/L cisplatin, the proliferation inhibitory rates were (43.3 ± 3.2)%, (46.4 ± 4.6)% and (47.6 ± 5.8)%, respectively, significantly higher than that in the cisplatin group (P < 0.05). 20 µmol/L P110 + 10 µmol/L cisplatin effectively killed HCT-116 cells, whereas with less toxicity to HUVEC cells. The tumor inhibition rates in mice of P110 (25 mg/kg, 50 mg/kg, 100 mg/kg) plus cisplatin (1 mg/kg) were 23.0%, 30.4% and 34.2%, respectively. While, the tumor inhibition rates in mice of the cisplatin group (1 mg/kg) was 22.7%. Compared with cisplatin at the same concentration, the tumor inhibition rates in mice of the P110 plus cisplatin groups were all increased.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>P110 can enhance the growth inhibitory effects of cisplatin on HCT-116 cells and C26 xenotransplanted tumors in mice. P110 plus cisplatin can reduce the effective dose of cisplatin and decrease the toxicity of cisplatin.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Cisplatin , Pharmacology , Colonic Neoplasms , Pathology , Drug Synergism , HCT116 Cells , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells , Humans , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Neoplasm Transplantation , Peptides , Pharmacology , Random Allocation , Tumor Burden , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320384

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Air-borne particulates from different sources could have different physicochemical properties and inflammatory potentials. This study aims to characterize the chemical compositions and the toxicity of ambient particulate matter (PM) associated with traffic emissions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The concentrations of trace elements, organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in PM2.5 and PM10 were measured in samples collected at sites in Beijing, China. Their toxic effects on the pulmonary system of rats were investigated. Biochemical parameters (LDH, T-AOC, TP) and inflammatory cytokine(IL-6, IL-1, TNF-a) levels were measured in the lungs of rats exposed to traffic-related PM. Oxidative damage was observed. PM samples were taken from a near road site and an off road site in summer time in 2006.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The concentrations of the USEPA priority pollutant PAHs in both PM10 and PM2.5 were higher (299.658 and 348.412) at the near road site than those (237.728 and 268.472) at the off road site. The similar trend was observed for the concentrations of trace elements in PM. Compared to coarse particles (PM10), fine particles (PM2.5) have a greater adsorption capacity to enrich toxic elements than inhalable particles. Decrease in antioxidant capacity and an increase in the amount of lipid peroxidation products in rat lung tissues was observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The findings of the present study suggest that the differing inflammatory responses of PM collected from the two road sites might have been mediated by the differing physicochemical characteristics.</p>


Subject(s)
Air Pollutants , Chemistry , Toxicity , Animals , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Chemistry , China , Cities , Cytokines , Genetics , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Physiology , Lung , Metabolism , Male , Particle Size , Particulate Matter , Toxicity , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Vehicle Emissions , Toxicity
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230514

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the better therapy for peripheral facial paralysis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>One hundred and twenty patients were randomized into three groups: a common acupuncture group: acupuncture at Yangbai (GB 14), Sibai (ST 2) and Yingxiang (LI 20) as main acupoints, a ST 9 group: acupuncture at Renying (ST 9) as main and a ST 9 plus SGB group: acupuncture at Renying (ST 9) as main cooperated with stellate ganglion block (SGB). Once daily, 7 treatments made one session. After three sessions of treatment, the latency period and amplitude of evoked potential in ENoG, R1 value and R2 value of blink reflex were compared before and after the treatment in different groups separately. The total therapeutic effect was evaluated after treatment.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All the treatments shortened the latency period of ENoG, and elevated the amplitude evoked potential significantly. After treatment, the latency period in ST 9 plus SGB group was reduced significantly as compared with common acupuncture group (P < 0.05). The amplitude of evoked potential in ST 9 group was increased significantly as compared with the other two groups (both P < 0.05). After treatment, in each group, R1 and R2 values were shortened significantly. The difference values of R1 and R2 in ST 9 group and ST 9 plus SGB group were all significantly higher as compared with common acupuncture group (both P < 0.05). Additionally, the difference value of R1 in ST 9 plus SGB group was higher significantly than that in ST 9 group (P < 0.05). The clinical cured and remarkably effective rate was 87.5% (35/40) in ST9 plus SGB group, which was higher than 77.5% (31/40) in ST 9 group, and 65.0% (26/40) in common acupuncture group (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>As compared with common acupuncture group, ST 9 group and ST 9 plus SGB group achieve the much superior efficacy on peripheral facial paralysis. The treatment with ST 9 acupuncture and SGB can better repair the early reflex induced by the injury of facial nerve.</p>


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Acupuncture Therapy , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Autonomic Nerve Block , Combined Modality Therapy , Facial Nerve , Facial Paralysis , Therapeutics , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Stellate Ganglion , Young Adult
15.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1155-1158, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289562

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the epidemiological trend on the number of influenzalike cases and to explore the feasibility of early warning systems of influenza in Gansu province.Methods Based on data from the influenza sentinel surveillance program,a sequence chart was used to analyze the epidemiological trend on the number of influenza-like illness (ILI) cases.Both control chart and mobile percentile method were used to select the threshold of premium alert for the ILI of sentinel surveillance program.Warning effects were assessed by statistical model.Results The prevalence of influenza were both low in 2007 and 2008.Alert thresholds for ILI of Sentinel surveillance was built.The thresholds were higher alert in winter,but lower in summer.Both Seasonal Exponential Smoothing Model and Multiplicative Seasonal ARMA Model (1,1,1) (0,1,0) were used to dynamically predict the weekly percentage of outpatient visits for influenza-like illness (ILI%)of 2011.The concordance rates (predicted=actual) were 100% for both of them.According to the RMSE values,the dynamically predicted effect of the seasonal exponential smoothing model was superior to ARIMA.Conclusion Dynamic prediction on the number of influenza-like cases could reflect the epidemiological trend of influenza in Gansu province,but with some limitations.

16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 440-443, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-305812

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate clinical application of transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of the prostate (PKEP) to the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 90 BPH patients, aged 59-83 (mean 71) years and with indication of surgery, underwent transurethral resection of the prostate (the TURP group, n=50) and transurethral plasmakinetic enucleation of the prostate (the PKEP group, n=40), respectively. We recorded and analyzed the preoperative prostate volume, IPSS, QOL and Qmax, operation time, intra- and post-operative bleeding and complications, postoperative continuous bladder irrigation, and IPSS, QOL and Qmax at 2 weeks and 6 months after surgery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The preoperative prostate volume and operation time were 58.9 g and 58.8 min in the TURP group versus 58.3 g and 93.0 min in the PKEP group. Mild transurethral resection syndrome (TURS) appeared in 2 TURP receivers, while no abnormality was found in electrocardiogram monitoring in those undergoing PKEP. Continuous bladder irrigation was necessitated in 3 and urgent incontinence of urine occurred in 4 cases of TURP, as compared with 1 and 4 cases in the PKEP group. None of the 90 patients needed blood transfusion. At 2 weeks before and after surgery and 6 months postoperatively, IPSS averaged 19.7, 11.6 and 5.1, QOL 4.6, 3.3 and 1.1, and Qmax 6.3, 13.0 and 18.1 ml/s in the TURP group versus 18.6, 8.4 and 4.9 (IPSS), 4.5, 2.7 and 1.1 (QOL) and 6.9, 14.2 and 19.0 ml/s (Qmax) in the PKEP group. There were significant differences in operation time, IPSS and QOL at 2 weeks postoperatively between the two groups, as well as in IPSS, QOL and Qmax at 6 months before and after surgery (P < 0.01). But no remarkable differences were found in preoperative prostate volume, IPSS, QOL and Qmax, 6-month postoperative IPSS and QOL, and Qmax at 2 weeks and 6 months after surgery between the two groups (P > 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Transurethral PKEP is a safe, effective and thorough surgical method to be chosen for the treatment of BPH.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Methods , Treatment Outcome
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243357

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the change of biological characteristics of HL-60 cells with high tumorigenicity transplanted through repeated passages into nude mice and to explore the tumorigenic mechanisms of the cell line. The human highly tumorigenic leukemia cell line HL-60 model in nude mice were established by serial passages in vivo and in vitro, and their biological features were compared. The trypan blue staining assay was used to detect the cell growth, the flow cytometry was used to analyze the cell cycle, the transmission electron microscopy and laser scanning confocal microscopy were used to observe the cell ultrastructures and cell fluorescence level respectively. The results indicated that the cell growth velocity was quickened, cell doubling time was shortened in high tumorigenic leukemia cell line HL-60; the cell count in S phase increased; the amount of mitochondria in HL-60 cells obviously decreased, furthermore the dilation of interspace, decrease of the number of ridges, vacuolation of mitochondria, significant reduction of fluorescence level in microfilament and enhancement of cell cloning efficacy were observed. It is concluded that the high tumorigenicity of HL-60 cells multiple-passaged in nude mice is associated with enhancement of proliferative ability, changes of number and structure of mitochondria in HL-60 cells, and alteration of microfilament in cytoskeleton.


Subject(s)
Actin Cytoskeleton , Animals , Cell Cycle , HL-60 Cells , Cell Biology , Humans , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Nude , Mitochondria , Neoplasm Transplantation
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1518-1523, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293967

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>As a kind of sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) made in China, Firebird SES is more effective than bare metal stent (BMS) and not inferior to Cypher SES for short coronary lesions in terms of reduction of restenosis and revascularization. However, Firebird SES does not show any benefits in patients with a very long coronary lesion (VLCL). The present study was undertaken to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Firebird SES for VLCL by comparison of Cypher SES and BMS.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this prospective, nonrandomized and comparative study, eligible patients with de novo coronary lesion (> or = 30 mm) between January 2005 and June 2006 were allocated into Firebird SES group, Cypher SES group or BMS group. They were subjected to an angiographic follow-up of 6 months and a clinical follow-up of 12 months. The primary endpoints constitute the in-stent and in-segment restenosis rates at 6 months. The secondary endpoint was defined as a major adverse cardiovascular event (MACE) that was a 12-month combined endpoint of all-cause deaths, reinfarction or in-stent thrombosis, and target-lesion revascularization. The 12-month in-stent thrombosis was also evaluated to address the safety of Firebird SES implantation exceptionally.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 468 patients were assessed for eligibility. Of 113 patients who were finally included according to the prior inclusion and exclusion criteria, 39 (41 lesions) were treated with Firebird SES, 37 (39 lesions) with Cypher SES, and 37 (37 lesions) with BMS. There were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics between the three groups; but there were longer lesions, more frequent use of overlapping stent in the Firebird SES group and the Cypher SES group. Angiographic follow-up showed that the rates of binary stenosis were similar between the Firebird SES group and the Cypher SES group (in-segment: 14.6% vs 12.8%, relative risk (RR) 1.14, P = 0.81; in-stent: 9.8% vs 10.3%, RR 0.95, P = 0.94), and significantly lower than those in the BMS group (in-segment: vs. 36.1%, RR 0.41 or 0.36, P = 0.04 or 0.03, respectively; in-stent: vs 30.6%, RR 0.32 or 0.34, P = 0.03 or 0.04, respectively). The total MACE rate up to 12 months was also similar in both SES groups (7.7% vs 5.4%, P = 1.000), and significantly lower than that in the BMS group (27.0%, P = 0.034 or 0.024, respectively). The in-stent thrombosis rate in the follow-up period was 2.6% in the Firebird SES group, not higher in the Cypher SES and BMS groups (2.7% and 2.7%, respectively, P = 1.000).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>In the treatment of VLCL, Firebird SES would be safer and more effective than BMS. Firebird SES may be not inferior to Cypher SES in terms of restenosis and MACE.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Coronary Restenosis , Therapeutics , Drug-Eluting Stents , Female , Humans , Male , Metals , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Sirolimus , Stents
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-267898

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the gene expression profile of TGF-beta signal transduction pathway in B-cell type acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL). The gene expression profiles in B-ALL primary cells and cell lines (NALM6 cells, Raji cells), B-lymphocyte of control were detected by cDNA microarray including 113 different genes in human TGF-beta/BMP signal transduction pathway, and TGF-beta(1) mRNA expression was detected by real time RT-PCR. The B lymphocytes in peripheral blood of heacthy persons sorted by flow cytometry were used as control. The difference between them was compared. The results showed that as compared with B lymphocytes in peripheral blood of heacthy persons, the TGF-beta(1) expression in B-ALL cells, NALM6 cells and Raji cells were down-regulationed, myc and smad1 gene expressions were up-regulated, IL-6, smad 7 gene expressions were down-regulated. It is concluded that TGF-beta signal transduction is abnormal in B-cell type acute lymphocytic leukemia.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Leukemia, B-Cell , Genetics , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Genetics , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Genetics , Metabolism
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254086

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the epidemical characteristics of influenza in Gansu province from 2000 to 2007, and to discuss the changes of the predominant strains of influenza virus. This study provide scientific basis for defending influenza effectively.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Influenza surveillance, collecting the pharyngeal swab specimens from influenza patients of national surveillance hospital and unsure influenza epidemic situations, inoculated on MDCK cell culture to obtain the influenza virus strains.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>2001.10-2007.12, collecting the 6383 specimens, 943 influenza virus strains were isolated, positive rate was 14.77%, 218 strains were A1 (H1N1 ), 352 strains were A3 (H3N2), 312 strains were B subtype of Victoria and 61 strains were B subtype of Yamagata. There were totally 61 outbreak of influenza-like cases were observed in Gansu Province during the last 5 years, 44 cases were isolated influenza virus, of 38 cases were caused by B subtype of Victoria virus strains, 3 cases were caused by H3N2, 2 cases were caused by B subtype of Yamagata virus strains, 1 cases were caused by H1N1.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Influenza is active in human population. Influenza type A virus is predominant in winter and type B virus resulted in the outbreak in school and kidsgarden from March to June in the last 3 years.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Animals , Cell Line , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Disease Outbreaks , Dogs , Female , Humans , Influenza A Virus, H1N1 Subtype , Influenza A Virus, H3N2 Subtype , Influenza A virus , Influenza B virus , Influenza, Human , Epidemiology , Virology , Male , Middle Aged , Population Surveillance , Seasons , Young Adult
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