Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 85
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928059

ABSTRACT

Protective effect of Qilong Capsules(QL) on the myocardial fibrosis and blood circulation of rats with coronary heart disease of Qi deficiency and blood stasis type was investigated. Sleep deprivation and coronary artery ligation were used to construct a disease-symptom combination model, and 60 SD rats were divided into sham operation(sham) group, syndrome(S) group, disease and syndrome(M) group and QL group randomly. The treatment group received administration of QL 0.4 g·kg~(-1)·d~(-1). Other groups were given the same amount of normal saline. The disease indexes of each group [left ventricular end diastolic diameter(LVESD), left ventricular end systolic diameter(LVEDD), left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF), left ventricular axis shortening rate(LVFS), myocardial histopathology, platelet morphology, peripheral blood flow] and syndrome indexes(tongue color, pulse, grip power) were detected. In sham group, cardiomyocytes and myocardial fibers were arranged neatly and densely with clear structures. The tongues' color in sham were light red, and the pulse shape were regular. RGB is a parameter reflected the brightness of the image of the tongue. In the S group, the amplitude and frequency of the animal's pulse increased accompanied by decreasing R,G,B, however, the decreased R,G,B was accompanied by reduced pulse amplitude in M group. And in M group, we observed fuzzy cell morphology, hypertrophied myocytes, disordered arrangement of cardiomyocytes and myocardial fibers, reduced peripheral blood flow and increased collagen volume fraction(CVF). Increased LVESD and LVEDD, and decreased LVEF and LVFS represented cardiac function in S group was significantly lower than that in sham. In QL group, the tongue's color was red and the pulse was smooth. The myocardial fibers of the QL group were arranged neatly and secreted less collagen. It improved the blood circulation in the sole and tail, and reversed the increasing of LVEDD, LVESD and the decreasing of LVEF and LVFS of M group. Platelets in M and S group showed high reactivity, and QL could decrease aggregation risk. In conclusion, Qilong Capsules has an obvious myocardial protective effect on ischemic cardiomyopathy, which may inhibit the degree of myocardial fibrosis and reduce platelet reactivity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Capsules , Cardiomyopathies/drug therapy , Fibrosis , Myocytes, Cardiac , Qi , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887994

ABSTRACT

The present study evaluated the curative efficacy of Chinese herbal injection on unstable angina pectoris( UAP) by network Meta-analysis. The databases,including Pub Med,Cochrane Library,Web of Science,CNKI,CBM,VIP and Wanfang were searched for randomized controlled trial( RCT) of Chinese herbal injection in the treatment of UAP. All researchers independently screened the articles,extracted the data and evaluated the quality. Open BUGS and Stata were employed for the analysis of the trials that met the quality standards. Fifty-eight studies were finally included in this study,involving 20 intervention measures. In terms of the effective rate,16 injections such as Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection and Danshen Injection combined with western medicine exhibited significant efficacy. In terms of ECG,Puerarin Injection,Ginkgo Leaf Extract and Dipyridamole Injection( GDI),Breviscapine Injection combined with western medicine were superior to western medicine. In terms of the reduction of the angina attack times,Sodium Tanshinone ⅡASulfonate Injection,GDI and Dazhu Hongjingtian Injection combined with western medicine showed better effects than western medicine. In terms of shortening the angina duration,Shenmai Injection combined with western medicine was superior to western medicine. As revealed by the results,Dengzhan Xixin Injection,Xuesaitong Injection,Danshen Injection,Breviscapine Injection,Danshen Ligustrazine Injection combined with western medicine displayed prominent curative efficacy,which were recommended for clinical application. Meanwhile,appropriate intervention measures should be selected according to individual conditions. Limited by the quality of the included trials,the conclusions still need to be further verified.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Angina, Unstable/drug therapy , China , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Humans , Network Meta-Analysis , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the functions and indications, formulation, dosage form and medication characteristics of Chinese patent medicines in the 2020 edition of<italic> Chinese Pharmacopoeia</italic> (part Ⅰ) for treating cough of children, and to provide ideas for the clinical rational application and provide reference for the research and development of new cough medicines for children. Method:The name, dosage form, formulation, functions and indications, usage and dosage, and other information of Chinese patent medicines for cough were collected from the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), then relevant information was input into Integrative Pharmacology-based Research Platform of Traditional Chinese Medicine v2.0, and data analysis and mining were carried out through the analysis module of prescription medication rule, VOSviewer 1.6.14 was used to make drug clustering network view of Chinese patent medicines for the treatment of exogenous wind cold, exogenous wind heat and phlegm heat cough. Result:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), a total of 75 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for treating cough of children were collected, including 34 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for adults and children, 41 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for children only. There were 7 types of traditional Chinese medicine syndromes, such as wind-cold attacking the lung, wind-heat invading the lung and phlegm-heat obstructing the lung. There were 45 Chinese patent medicines for treating exogenous cough, accounting for 60%, among which 35 kinds were used for exogenous wind-heat cough and 10 kinds were used for wind-cold cough. There were 30 kinds of Chinese patent medicines for treating internal injury cough, including 19 kinds of medicines for phlegm heat obstructing the lung, 4 kinds of medicines for phlegm dampness containing the lung and phlegm food stagnation, 2 kinds of medicines for Yin-deficiency lung heat, 1 kind of medicine for the lung and spleen Qi-deficiency. The formulation analysis showed that Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Platycodonis Radix, Scutellariae Radix, Armeniacae Semen Amarum and Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium appeared frequently, which were mainly cold, bitter and sweet herbs, mainly belonged to the lung and stomach meridians. According to the analysis of administration and dosage forms, 71 kinds of Chinese patent medicines were administered through gastrointestinal tract, including 20 kinds of granules, 15 kinds of oral liquids, others included syrups, pills, capsules, tablets, powers, etc. Only 2 suppositories and 2 injections were administered by nongastrointestinal tract. The usage and dosage of most Chinese patent medicines were not clear. Conclusion:In the 2020 edition of <italic>Chinese Pharmacopoeia </italic>(part Ⅰ), the main syndromes of Chinese patent medicines for cough of children are exogenous wind-heat and phlegm-heat obstruction in the lung. Most of the Chinese medicines are cold, bitter and sweet, and their meridians are mainly lung and stomach meridians. Scutellariae Radix, Lonicerae Japonicae Flos and Forsythiae Fructus are the most common medicines of exogenous wind heat syndrome. Perillae Folium, Citri Reticulatae Pericarpium and Ephedrae Herba are the most common medicines of exogenous wind cold syndrome. Meanwhile, Scutellariae Radix, Platycodonis Radix and Armeniacae Semen Amarum are the most common medicines of phlegm heat obstructing the lung syndrome. At present, the dosage forms of Chinese patent medicines used for treating cough of children are too few and the dosage labeling is not comprehensive, so it is necessary to further strengthen the research and development of new Chinese medicines suitable for characteristics of children.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880558

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Using network pharmacology to explore the mechanism of the 'invigorating qi and promoting blood circulation' drug pair Ginseng-Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) on treatment of ischemic heart disease (IHD).@*METHODS@#The chemical constituents of ginseng and Danshen drug pair were identified by searching the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP), and the potential targets of the pair were identified. The pharmacodynamics of the pair was analyzed using network pharmacology. The targets of IHD were identified by database screening. Using protein-protein interaction network, the interaction targets of Ginseng-Danshen on IHD were constructed. A "constituent-target-disease" interaction network was constructed using Cytoscape software, Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment analysis and biological pathway enrichment analysis were carried out, and the mechanism of improving myocardial ischemia by the Ginseng-Danshen drug pair was investigated.@*RESULTS@#Seventeen active constituents and 53 targets were identified from ginseng, 53 active constituents and 61 targets were identified from Danshen, and 32 protein targets were shared by ginseng and Danshen. Twenty GO terms were analyzed, including cytokine receptor binding, cytokine activity, heme binding, and antioxidant activity. Sixty Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) signaling pathways were analyzed, including phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-serine-threonine kinase (PI3K-AKT) signaling pathway, p53 signaling pathway, interleukin 17 signaling pathway, tumor necrosis factor signaling pathway, and the advanced glycation end product (AGE)-the receptor for AGE (RAGE) signaling pathway in diabetic complications.@*CONCLUSION@#The specific mechanism of Ginseng-Danshen drug pair in treating IHD may be associated with improving the changes of metabolites inbody, inhibiting the production of peroxides, removing the endogenous oxygen free radicals, regulating the expression of inflammatory factors, reducing myocardial cell apoptosis and promoting vascular regeneration.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828385

ABSTRACT

Ischemic heart disease(IHD) is a common and frequently-occurring disease that causes serious harm to human health. Autophagy is a life process that maintains cell homeostasis by degrading macromolecules such as damaged organelles in cells. In the process of ischemic heart disease development, on the one hand, cardiomyocytes degrade macromolecules such as damaged organelles by autophagy to provide material basis for energy synthesis and maintain cell homeostasis; on the other hand, over-activated autophagy can also increase cardiomyocyte death. Ischemic heart disease has a complex pathological mechanism, and the occurrence of autophagy is closely related to the survival or death of myocardial cells, so the regulation of autophagy may be an important therapeutic target for ischemic heart disease. Traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) with obvious effects, unique advantages and great potential has been widely used in the treatment of ischemic heart disease. In recent years, more and more studies have found that TCM can protect myocardium by regulating autophagy of cardiomyocytes. In this review, we summarized recent studies on the regulation of autophagy in myocardial cells by traditional Chinese medicine in ischemic heart disease. The pharmacological mechanism of Chinese medicinein regulating autophagy to protect cardiomyocytes was reviewed through different ways(promoting or inhibiting autophagy) from three levels, i.e. active ingredient, as well as drug pair and compound. The specific mechanism of Chinese medicine in regulating autophagy to protect ischemic heart disease was explored to provide references or new ideas for clinical treatment and drug development of ischemic heart disease.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Myocardial Ischemia , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828061

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate whether the mechanism of salvianolic acid B in protecting H9 c2 cardiomyocytes from hypoxia/reoxygenation injury is related to the regulation of mitochondrial autophagy mediated by NIX. H9 c2 cardiomyocytes were cultured in vitro and divided into normal group, model group and salvianolic acid B group(50 μmol·L~(-1)). Hypoxia/reoxygenation injury model was established by hypoxia for 4 h and reoxygenation for 2 h. In normal group, high glucose DMEM medium was used for culture. Those in model group were cultured with DMEM medium without glucose and oxygen, and no drugs for hypoxia and reoxyge-nation. In salvianolic acid B group, salvianolic acid B prepared by glucose-free DMEM medium was added during hypoxia, and the other process was as same as the model group. The cell viability was evaluated by CCK-8 assay. The leakage of lactate dehydrogenase(LDH) was detected by microplate method. The levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species(ROS) and mitochondrial membrane potential(ΔΨm) were measured by chemical fluorescence method. The level of intracellular adenosine triphosphate(ATP) was mea-sured by fluorescein enzyme method. The autophagy related proteins LC3-Ⅰ, LC3-Ⅱ, apoptosis related protein cleaved caspase-3 and mitochondrial autophagy receptor protein NIX were detected by Western blot. As compared with the normal group, the activity of H9 c2 cardiomyocytes and ATP level were decreased(P<0.05); LDH leakage and ROS production were increased(P<0.01); ΔΨm was decreased(P<0.01); LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ ratio, cleaved caspase-3 and NIX protein expression levels were increased(all P<0.05) in the model group. As compared with the model group, the activity of cells and ΔΨm were significantly increased(P<0.01); ATP level was increased(P<0.05); LDH leakage and ROS generation were decreased(P<0.01); LC3-Ⅱ/LC3-Ⅰ ratio was decreased(P<0.01); cleaved caspase-3 and NIX expression levels were decreased(P<0.05) in the salvianolic acid B group. The protective effect of salvianolic acid B on hypoxia/reoxygenation injury of H9 c2 cardiomyocytes may be associated with inhibiting mitochondrial auto-phagy. The specific mechanism may be related to inhibiting the activation of mitochondrial autophagy mediated by NIX, increasing ΔΨm, reducing ROS production, reducing the expression of cleaved caspase-3, LC3-Ⅱ, and increasing cell viability.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Autophagy , Benzofurans , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Survival , Humans , Hypoxia , Myocytes, Cardiac
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873191

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Shuangshen Ningxin capsule in alleviating myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats by regulating mitochondrial adenosine triphosphate(ATP)-sensitive potassium channels.Method:A total of 56 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into sham-operated control group (sham), model group (model), Shuangshen Ningxin group (SSNX, 90 mg·kg-1).Shuangshen Ningxin and mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel (MitoKATP) channel inhibitor group 5-hydroxyl-acid group (SSNX+5-HD, 5 mg·kg-1), with 14 rats in each group. Except the sham operation group, the other three groups received occlusion of left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) for 45 min, and were sacrificed 3 h after reperfusion. Myocardial ischemia and infarct size were observed by TSC Evans blue staining, and myocardial tissue damage degree was observed by hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining. The kit was used to measure serum lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK) and creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB). The ultrastructural changes of mitochondria and mitochondrial autophagy were observed under transmission electron microscope. The changes of mitochondrial membrane potential in cardiomyocytes were detected by fluorescent probe.Result:Compared with the sham group, myocardial infarct size and myocardial ischemic area percentage in the model group were significantly increased, myocardial tissue arrangement was disordered and loose, individual myocardial fibers were broken, cardiomyocytes were necrotic, and serum CK, CK-MB, LDH activities were significantly increased (P<0.01). Mitochondrial membrane potential was significantly decreased (P<0.01), and mitochondrial structure was destroyed by transmission electron microscopy. Compared with the model group, the myocardial tissue of the SSNX group was arranged orderly, and a small amount of cell edema was mildly degenerated. The percentage of myocardial infarct size and myocardial ischemic area was significantly decreased, serum CK, CK-MB, and LDH activities were significantly decreased (P<0.01), while mitochondrial membrane potential increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the SSNX+5-HD group had mild myocardial tissue disorder and mild degeneration of cell edema in some areas, the percentage of myocardial infarct size and myocardial ischemic area was significantly reduced, serum CK, CK-MB, and LDH activities were significantly decreased (P<0.01), and mitochondrial membrane potential increased (P<0.01). Compared with SSNX group, SSNX+5-HD group had significant increase in serum CK, CK-MB and LDH activities (P<0.01), significant increase in the percentage of myocardial infarct size and myocardial ischemic area, and mitochondrial membrane potential Reduced (P<0.05).Conclusion:SSNX protects rat myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury by opening mitochondrial ATP-sensitive potassium channel.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872917

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the anti-inflammatory effect and its mechanism of Euphorbiae Ebarcteolatae Radix bacteriostasis ointment in eczema mice induced by 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB). Method:A total of 40 ICR adult mice were randomly divided into control group,model group,hydrocortisone Butyrate cream group (0.09g·kg-1) and Euphorbiae Ebarcteolatae Radix bacteriostasis ointment group (0.09 g·kg-1), with 10 mice in each group. Except for the normal group, other groups were given DNCB to induce the chronic eczema model. Twenty-four hours after DNCB stimulation, they were given the corresponding drugs through auricle and back, twice a day for 10 days. After drug intervention, efforts were made to measure the change of thickness and weight of the middle ear, assess the allergic effect, and calculate the spleen index of the mice. Optical microscope was used to observe the pathological changes in ear tissues of mice. And the levels of serum interleukin-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-2 (IL-2), interleukin-4 (IL-4) in mice were determined by multiplex immunoassay. Result:Compared with control group, the thickness and weight of right ears, score of allergic effect, spleen index and the levels of IL-2 and IL-4 in serum showed significant increases in model group (P<0.05,P<0.01). The histopathology injuries of ear were aggravated. Compared with model control group, Euphorbiae Ebarcteolatae Radix bacteriostasis ointment could reduce ear thickness and score of allergic effect, regulate the spleen index, decrease the inflammation factor in serum such as IL-2 and IL-4 (P<0.05,P<0.01), and improve ear histopathology injuries. Conclusion:Euphorbiae Ebarcteolatae Radix bacteriostasis ointment may have a good effect on eczema.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872703

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of oral administration of Tianlong Tongxin tablet on acute myocardial ischemia and related indexes in experimental dogs. Method:The model of acute myocardial ischemia in dogs was established and the dogs were divided into the control group (equal amount of normo-cyclodintrin 10 g·kg-1), Hexinshuang group (5 mg·kg-1), Tianlong Tongxin tablet high, medium and low dose groups (1, 0.5, 0.25 g·kg-1) and the compound Danshen tablet group (0.144 g·kg-1). Myocardial ischemia degree was measured by epicardium electrocardiogram, the range of myocardial infarction was determined by quantitative histology (N-BT staining), and coronary blood flow, cardiac output, myocardial oxygen consumption, coronary resistance and peripheral resistance were measured. Meanwhile, serum creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and malondialdehyde (MDA) content were detected by optical kit. Result:As compared with the control group, Tianlong Tongxin tablet can reduce the myocardial ischemia degree (∑-ST) measured by the electrocardiogram of the pericardium (P<0.05), reduce the infarcted area shown by N-BT staining (P<0.05), reduce the venous oxygen content (P<0.05), increase the coronary flow, cardiac output and myocardial oxygen consumption of anesthetized dogs, and reduce the coronary artery resistance and peripheral resistance (P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the influence of serum CK, LDH, SOD activity and MDA content in serum. Conclusion:Tianlong Tongxin tablet can improve acute myocardial ischemia and myocardial infarction in dogs.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817951

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore role of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 in the early feeding tolerance,growth and infection prevention of preterm infants. METHODS: The clinical data of 93 cases of preterm infants admitted between January 2017 and June 2018 to the First Department of Neonatology,Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. All thecases weredividedintotheinterventiongroup(n=45)and the control group(n=48). Both groups of preterm infants were fed with the same type of premature infant formula and received parenteral nutrition if necessary. The intervention groupwas givena dose of 1×108 colony-forming units(5 drops)of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 once a day,until discharge.The control group did not take any probiotics. The early feeding tolerance,reflux,growth,nosocomial infection,neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis and adverse effects were observed in both groups of preterm infants. RESULTS: The incidence of vomiting,abdominal distension and gastric retention in the intervention group was lower than that in the control group(P0.05). The length of hospital stay was shorter in intervention group than in the control group(P<0.05). No adverse effects were found in the intervention group. CONCLUSION: Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 can improve the early feeding tolerance of preterm infants,reduce reflux,promote growth and shorten the length ofhospitalstay.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817875

ABSTRACT

The 2019 European Guideline on Respiratory Distress Syndrome(RDS)updated and supplemented the 2016 version according to newly-published evidence and literature,in order to optimize the management of RDS. The updates includes risk factors of preterm births,the standardized use of prenatal glucocorticoids protocol,the evidence-based delivery room management and the early application of protective pulmonary ventilation after birth;pulmonary surfactant administration as the crucial treatment for RDS;the incidence chronic lung disease can be reduced by non-invasive respiratory support. Prenatal glucocorticoids use and caffeine administration can significantly shorten the duration of mechanical ventilation. In addition,good temperature control,precise fluid and nutrition management,perfusion maintenance and cautious antibiotic use can help improve the outcome of preterm births.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773225

ABSTRACT

This study was to investigate the mechanism of safflower yellow injection for regulating inflammatory response against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury( MIRI) in rats. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into sham operation group,model group,Hebeishuang group,safflower yellow injection high,medium and low dose groups. MIRI model was established by ligating left anterior descending coronary artery. Myocardial histopathological changes were observed by HE staining; myocardial infarct size was detected by TTC staining; content and changes of tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α) and interleukin-6( IL-6),serum creatine kinase( CK),aspartate aminotransferase( AST),and lactate dehydrogenase( LDH) were detected by biochemical method or enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay( ELISA). Western blot assay was used to detect the protein expression of Toll-like receptor 4( TLR4) and nuclear factor-κB( NF-κB p65) in myocardial tissues. The results showed that as compared with the sham operation group,the myocardial arrangement of the model group was disordered,with severe edemain the interstitial,significantly increased area of myocardial infarction,increased activities of AST,CK and LDH in serum,and significantly increased contents of TNF-α and IL-6; the expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB( p65) protein in myocardial tissues were also increased. As compared with the model group,the myocardial tissues were arranged neatlyin the Hebeishuang group and safflower yellow injection high,medium and low dose groups; the edema was significantly reduced; the myocardial infarct size was significantly reduced; the serum AST,CK,LDH activity and TNF-α,IL-6 levels were significantly decreased,and the expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB( p65) protein in myocardial tissues were decreased. As compared with the Hebeishuang group,the myocardial infarct size was larger in the safflower yellow injection high,medium and low dose groups; the activities of AST,CK and LDH in serum and the contents of TNF-α and IL-6 in serum were higher,but there was no statistically significant difference in the expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB( p65) protein in tissues. It is suggested that safflower yellow injection has a significant anti-MIRI effect,and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of TLR-NF-κB pathway to inhibit inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Chalcone , Pharmacology , Creatine Kinase , Blood , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Male , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Drug Therapy , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Metabolism , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802164

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the protective effect of Tianlong Tongxin tablet on myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury in rats, and observe its effect on thrombosis, blood viscosity and platelet aggregation in rabbits. Method:Totally 56 Wistar rats were collected. Except for the sham operation group, all of the remaining rats were involved in the establishment of the rat myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury model. The successfully established model was divided model group, Hexinshuang group, compound Danshen tablet group and Tianlong Tongxin tablet groups (4, 2, 1 g·kg-1). Nitrotetrazolium blue (N-BT) method was used to observe the alleviation of myocardial infarction. Colorimetry was used to detect the effect of the test drug on serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA). The Chandler in vitro method was used to detect thrombosis and blood viscosity in vitro of control group, Tianlong Tongxin tablets groups (4, 2, 1 g·kg-1), compound Danshen tablets group and aspirin group. The Born turbidimetric method was used to observe the platelet aggregation levels of control group, Tianlong Tongxin tablets groups (2, 1, 0.5 g·kg-1), compound Danshen tablets group and aspirin group. Result:Compared with the sham operation group, the myocardial infarction area, serum SOD and MDA in the model group were significantly increased (PPP-1), compound Danshen tablets group and Aspirin tablets group could significantly shorten the length of thrombosis (PPPP-1 shear rates were significantly reduced (PP-1), compound Danshen tablet group and Aspirin tablet group (PPConclusion:Tianlong Tongxin tablet can protect rat myocardial ischemia reperfusion injury, inhibit platelet aggregation and thrombosis, and reduce blood viscosity.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802054

ABSTRACT

Ischemic heart disease is one of the most deadly diseases in the world, and new therapies and preventive measures are urgently needed. In general, cardiomyocytes rely on adenosine triphosphate(ATP) produced by mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation to maintain their systolic and ion pump functions. Autophagy is a procedural degradation mechanism widely present in eukaryotic cells. It is a self-defense mechanism and self-repair process of the body tissues. It is also a way of apoptosis and a basic phenomenon to maintain the energy balance of human cells. Mitochondrial autophagy is a type of selective autophagy in cells. In fact, damaged mitochondria selectively remove damaged proteins and organelles with autophagy to maintain intracellular homeostasis. Mitochondrial autophagy is important for maintaining the homeostasis of cardiomyocytes. With the deepening of modern biological research, more and more traditional Chinese medicines(TCM) or their extracts have been proven to alleviate myocardial cell damage after ischemia/reperfusion through autophagy or regulation of mitochondrial function. This further inspires TCM workers to find effective treatment measures by targeting mitochondria. Under the above background, this paper reviews the effects of mitochondrial autophagy on ischemic heart disease and the intervention studies of TCM in this field.

15.
Chinese Health Economics ; (12): 54-57, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703511

ABSTRACT

The difficulty and expense of seeing a doctor was attributed to the out-of-level diagnosis and treatment, and the out-of-level treatment was due to the weakening of the basic medical service capacity. Since the new medical reform,the state has invested a lot, which led to the weakening of the primary medical service capacity. Exploring the institutional root of the weakening of grass-roots medical service ability could help to find the realistic path to enhance the service capacity of grass-roots medical institutions. Enhancing the service capacity of primary medical institutions was the only way to implement graded medical treatment. The administration of medical institutions restricted the improvement of service capacity of primary medical institutions, and the root of administration was the existing medical and health system. Only by starting from the reform of the system and realizing the administration of primary medical institutions, the service capacity of primary medical institutions could be enhanced.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687412

ABSTRACT

The hawthorn leaves have the effect of activating blood, removing blood stasis, regulating qi through the veins, dissolving turbidity and lowering lipid. Procyanidinis is one of its main active components and plays an important role in regulating vasoactivity. Previous studies showed that the regulating effect of procyanidins was related to its regulation on nitric oxide secretion from vascular endothelial cells, and this effect was dependent on the extracellular calcium concentration, suggesting that the changes in intracellular calcium ion concentration in endothelial cells may play a key role in this process. However, the research on this issue is still insufficient so far. This study is aimed to observe the effect of hawthorn leaf oligomeric procyanidins (HLP) on calcium mobilization of vascular endothelial cells, and investigate the underlying mechanism. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) were cultured and labeled with Fura-2. HUVEC were treated with HLP at concentrations of 6.25, 12.5, 25 and 50 mg·L⁻¹, and the intracellular calcium concentrations were measured with a living cell microscope for 30 min. HLP increased the intracellular calcium concentration of HUVEC in a concentration dependent manner; and the intracellular calcium concentrations in 25 and 50 mg·L⁻¹ HLP groups were significantly higher than that in the normal group. With the use of calcium-free incubation buffer, addition of calcium chelating agent EGTA in incubation buffer, or use of inhibitors for sodium calcium exchanger, the effect of HLP was significantly inhibited. On the other hand, the effect of HLP could also be weakened by inhibiting the calcium release from the intracellular storage. In conclusion, these results suggest that HLP can elicit calcium mobilization in vascular endothelial cells, which may be one of the mechanisms for its vascular modulatory activity; and this calcium mobilizing effect may be achieved through promoting both extracellular calcium influx and intracellular calcium release, additionally the former may be related to activating the reverse transport of Na⁺-Ca²⁺ exchangers on the cell membrane.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 575-581, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779631

ABSTRACT

Tianlongtongxin (TLTX) formula is composed of six Chinese herbs including Rhodiola rosea L., Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma and so on. It has been mainly used in the treatment of chest-Bi syndrome in the clinics. To investigate the material foundation and provide reference for clinical dosage regimen, the pharmacokinetics of seven components in the rat plasma were studied after oral administration of TLTX. A high sensitive method was established to determine the seven active components from TLTX in rat plasma based on the LC-MS/MS technique. The method met the requirements of preclinical pharmacokinetic study, through the investigation of linearity, specificity, recovery, accuracy, precision and stability. After administration of TLTX at 4.5 g·kg-1 dose, all of the components were detectable in the plasma after 5 min. The concentration peaks were observed at 0.11-4.67 h respectively after administration with great difference in levels. The AUC of salidroside was significantly higher than other components, suggesting it as a main active component in TLTX formula. The observations provide scientific evidence for the rationality of salidroside as monarch drug in the formula.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237952

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the inflammatory cascade mechanism through Toll like receptor 2 (TLR2) pathway after cerebral ischemia/reperfusion, and to study molecular mechanisms of Guanmaitong (GMT) Tablet for protecting brain damage.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We used bolt-line method to block/release the middle cerebral artery, causing cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury model. GMT Tablet was given by gastrogavage. Rats were then divided into the high dose GMT group (1200 mg/kg), the middle dose GMT group (600 mg/kg), the low dose GMT group (300 mg/kg), the positive control group (Tanakan, 20 mg/kg). Their right brain tissues were fixed in 10% neutral formalin. TLR2 expressions were detected by immunofluorescence staining. The total protein was extracted from right brain tissues by ultrasonica- tion. Expression levels of extracellular regulated protein kinases (ERK), phospho-extracellular regulated protein kinases (p-ERK), p38-mitogen activated protein kinases (p-ERK), phospho-p38-mitogen activated protein kinases [p-p38-MAPKs(p-p38)] were assessed by Western blot. Abdominal aortic blood was withdrawn. IL-6 and IL-1β levels were detected by ELISA in brain tissues and serum.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the sham-oepration group, expression levels of TLR2, ERK, p-ERK, p38, p-p38 protein were up-regulated (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), and contents of IL-6 and IL-1β in brain tissues and serum were increased in the model group (P < 0.01). Expression levels of TLR2, ERK, p-ERK, p38, p-p38 were down-regulated (P < 0.05, P < 0.01), and contents of IL-6 and IL-1β were reduced in brain tissues and serum in middle and high dose GMT groups (P < 0.05, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TLR2 pathway was involved in cerebral I/R injury. GMT protected neurons by down-regulating protein expressions of TLR2, ERK, p-ERK, p38, p-p38 and contents of IL-1β and IL-6.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Blotting, Western , Brain Ischemia , Metabolism , Cerebral Infarction , Down-Regulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Interleukin-1beta , Interleukin-6 , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury , Tablets , Toll-Like Receptor 2 , Metabolism , Up-Regulation , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Cancer ; (12): 211-217, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-320531

ABSTRACT

The presence of lymph node metastasis is an important prognostic factor for patients with esophageal cancer. Accurate assessment of lymph nodes in thoracic esophageal carcinoma is essential for selecting appropriate treatment and forecasting disease progression. Positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET/CT) is becoming an important tool in the workup of esophageal carcinoma. Here, we evaluated the effectiveness of the maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax) in assessing lymph node metastasis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) prior to surgery. Fifty-nine surgical patients with pathologically confirmed thoracic ESCC were retrospectively studied. These patients underwent radical esophagectomy with pathologic evaluation of lymph nodes. They all had (18)F-FDG PET/CT scans in their preoperative staging procedures. None had a prior history of cancer. The pathologic status and PET/CT SUVmax of lymph nodes were collected to calculate the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and to determine the best cutoff value of the PET/CT SUVmax to distinguish benign from malignant lymph nodes. Lymph node data from 27 others were used for the validation. A total of 323 lymph nodes including 39 metastatic lymph nodes were evaluated in the training cohort, and 117 lymph nodes including 32 metastatic lymph nodes were evaluated in the validation cohort. The cutoff point of the SUVmax for lymph nodes was 4.1, as calculated by ROC curve (sensitivity, 80%; specificity, 92%; accuracy, 90%). When this cutoff value was applied to the validation cohort, a sensitivity, a specificity, and an accuracy of 81%, 88%, and 86%, respectively, were obtained. These results suggest that the SUVmax of lymph nodes predicts malignancy. Indeed, when an SUVmax of 4.1 was used instead of 2.5, FDG-PET/CT was more accurate in assessing nodal metastasis.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnostic Imaging , Esophageal Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Diagnostic Imaging , Multimodal Imaging , Methods , Positron-Emission Tomography , Radiopharmaceuticals , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-319613

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the effect of formula of removing both phlegm and blood stasis (TYTZ) in inhibiting the inflammatory reaction in Chinese mini-swine with coronary atherosclerosis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Totally 36 Chinese mini-swine were randomly divided to six groups: the normal control group, the model group, the Shujiangzhi group and TYTZ groups with does of 2.0, 1.0 and 0.5 g x kg(-1), and six each in every group. Except for the normal control group, all of other groups were fed with high-fat diet for 2 weeks. Interventional balloons are adopted to injure their left anterior descending artery endothelium. After the operation, they were fed with high-fat diet for 8 weeks to prepare the coronary atherosclerosis model. In the 8th week after the operation and administration, the intravascular ultrasound was adopted to observe the coronary artery plaque burden of each group and the pathological morphology of coronary artery. Such inflammatory factors as high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha and interleukin (IL)-6 were detected by ELISA. The expression of NF-kappaB p65 nuclear translocation was observed by the immunohistochemical method.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Compared with the normal control group, the model group showed significant increase in the coronary artery plaque burden at the end of the experiment (P < 0.01), notably abnormal structural changes in atherosclerotic vascular tissues, luminal stenosis, a large number of foam cells and inflammatory cell infiltration, remarkable growth of hs-CRP, TNF-alpha and IL-6 levels (P < 0.01). The immunohistochemical staining also showed the significant increase in the NF-kappaB p65 nuclear translocation of coronary artery of Chinese mini-swine in the model group. Compared with the model group, TYTZ could significantly attenuate atherosclerotic plaque burden (P < 0.01), inhibit the coronary luminal stenosis, reduce inflammatory cell infiltration, decrease such inflammatory cell factors as hs-CRP, TNF-alpha and IL-6 in serum, and inhibit the NF-kappaB p65 nuclear translocation of coronary artery (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>TYTZ can reduce the downstream inflammatory reaction by controlling NF-kappaB p65 nuclear translocation, so as to inhibit the occurrence and development of coronary atherosclerotic plaque in Chinese mini-swine.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , C-Reactive Protein , Metabolism , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Female , Inflammation , Interleukin-6 , Blood , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Methods , Mucous Membrane , Bodily Secretions , Swine , Swine, Miniature , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL