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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687302


To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Xinling Wan on patients with stable angina pectoris, a randomized, double-blinded, placebo parallel-controlled, multicenter clinical trial was conducted. A total of 232 subjects were enrolled and randomly divided into experiment group and placebo group. The experiment group was treated with Xinling Wan (two pills each time, three times daily) for 4 weeks, and the placebo group was treated with placebo. The effectiveness evaluation showed that Xinling Wan could significantly increase the total duration of treadmill exercise among patients with stable angina pectoris. FAS analysis showed that the difference value of the total exercise duration was between experiment group (72.11±139.32) s and placebo group (31.25±108.32) s. Xinling Wan could remarkably increase the total effective rate of angina pectoris symptom score, and the analysis showed that the total effective rate was 78.95% in experiment group and 42.61% in placebo group. The reduction of nitroglycerin dose was (2.45±2.41) tablets in experiment group and (0.50±2.24) tablets in placebo group on the basis of FAS analysis. The decrease of symptom integral was (4.68±3.49) in experiment group and (3.19±3.31) in placebo group based on FAS analysis. Besides, Xinling Wan could decrease the weekly attack time and the duration of angina pectoris. PPS analysis results were similar to those of FAS analysis. In conclusion, Xinling Wan has an obvious therapeutic effect in treating stable angina pectoris, with a good safety and a low incidence of adverse event and adverse reaction in experiment group.

Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 470-473, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288150


Objective The aim of this study was to introduce the multi-slate Markov model for the prediction of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) to Alzheimer' s disease (AD) and to find out the related factors for AD prevention and early intervention among the elderly.Methods MCI,moderate to severe cognitive impairment,and AD were defined as state 1,2 and 3,respectively.A three-state homogeneous model with discrete states and discrete times from data on six follow-up visits was constructed to explore factors for various progressive stages from MCI to AD.Transition probability and survival curve were made after the model fit assessment.Results At the level of 0.05,data from the multivariate analysis showed that gender (HR=I.23,95%CI:1.12-1.38),age (HR=I.37,95% CI:1.07-1.72),hypertension (HR=l.54,95% CI:1.31-2.19) were statistically significant for the transition from state 1 to state 2,while age (HR=0.78,95% CI:0.69-0.98),education level (HR=1.35,95% CI:1.09-1.86) and reading (HR=1.20,95% CI:1.01-1.41 ) were statistically significant for transition from state 2 to state 1,and gender (HR=1.59,95% CI:1.33-1.89),age (HR=1.33,95% CI:1.02-1.64),hypertension (HR=l.22,95% CI:1.11-1.43),diabetes (HR=1.52,95%CI:1.12-2.00),ApoEε4 (HR=1.44,95%CI:1.09-1.68) were statistically significant for transition from state 2 to state 3.Based on the fired model,the three-year transition probabilities during each state at average covariate level were estimated.Conclusion To delay the disease progression of MCI,phase by phase prevention measures could be adopted based on the main factors of each stage.Multi-state Markov model could imitate the natural history of disease and showed great advantage in dynamically evaluating the development of chronic diseases with multi-states and multi-faetors.

Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 606-609, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288119


Objective To investigate the current status and influencing factors regarding quality of life among patients with Alzheimer' s disease (AD).Methods Through stratified cluster sampling method,two hundred patients with AD and their caregivers were chosen and interviewed.AD patients were assessed by questionnaires,Montreal Cognitive Assessment,and Quality of LifeAlzheimer' s Disease (QOL-AD),in order to compare the reports from patients and caregivers on QOL-AD and to analyze related influencing factors.Descriptive analysis,paired t-test,analysis of variance (ANOVA),Pearson' s correlation and multiple linear regression were performed using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS).Results The scores of reports from patients (28.78 ±4.30) were lower than that from the caregivers' (30.05 ± 6.05).The difference was statistically significant (t=2.122,P<0.05) and was positively correlated (r=0.312,P<0.001).Data from multivariate analysis showed that cognitive level (t=3.465,P=0.001),marriage relationship (t=3.062,P=0.003 ),having public activities (t =2.581,P=0.011 ),personal characters (t =2.254,P =0.026),restricted diet pattern (t=3.614,P<0.001),regularly drinking tea (t=2.652,P=0.009) and doing housework (t=3.180,P=0.002) were predictive factors.Conclusion Scores from the caregiver' s report on QOL-AD were higher than that from the patients'.Many factors influenced the quality of life on AD patients.Strategies on improving the quality of life among AD patients can be developed based on the findings of this study.

Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (6): 443-445, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642961


Objective To understand the level and distribution of antibody F1 against plague in population of Ningxia natural plague foci in 2007 and 2008. Methods Seven hundred and eighteen blood samples were collected in five major cities and counties of natural plague foci, and 475 blood samples were collected in nonplague area as control group. Conventional indirect hemagglutination, colloidal gold test, and enzyme-linked immunoassay were employed to test the antibody. If the result was tested positive by more than two methods used then the result was defined as positive. Antibody titer that did not reach the positive standard was defined as suspected samples. Results A total of 718 serum samples were tested, the results showed that 9 samples were positive (antibody titer was 1:16 - 1:64), the positive rate was 1.25%(9/718), suspected samples was 28, the detection rate was 3.90%(28/718). Four hundred and seventy-five serum samples in the non-plague area were all negative by the three methods. There was a significant difference of antibody F1 positive rate between residents in historical epidemic area and history nonepidemic area(χ2 = 4.44, P< 0.05). There was no statistical significance of the positive rate[1.25%(9/718), 1.25%(9/718),2.51%(18/718)]among the three methods used(χ2 = 1.91, P> 0.05). Conclusion There still exists a certain proportion of Fl antibody positive people in Ningxia natural plague foci, and these people are distributed in areas where several animal plague prevalent in recent years.