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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1752-1756, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922329

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the curative efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in the treatment of e19a2 transcript (P230) CML chronic phase (CML-CP) patients.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 11 P230 CML-CP patients were collected from July 2008 to December 2019. Blood routine examination, bone marrow cytology, chromosome, and BCR-ABL qualitative and quantitative tests were performed at initial diagnosis. After TKIs treatment, BCR-ABL (P230)/ABL in peripheral blood was regularly detected to evaluate molecular response by real-time quantitative PCR.@*RESULTS@#There were 11 patients (7 males and 4 females) in chronic phase from 6 domestic hospitals enrolled, their median age was 46 years old (range from 19 to 56 years old). Among 4 patients treated with imatinib (400 mg, qd) firstly, 3 cases switched to nilotinib (400 mg, bid) and 1 case switched to dasatinib (100 mg, qd) due to failure to achieve best molecular response at the landmark time or mutation of ABL kinase. Then major molecular response (MMR) was obtained within 1 year. In addition, 5 patients were treated with nilotinib (300 mg, bid) and 2 patients with dasatinib (100 mg, qd) as first-line treatment, all of them got MMR within 6 months.@*CONCLUSION@#For intolerance or resistance to imatinib, second-generation TKIs can enable P230 CML patients to achieve deeper molecular response, and MMR in a short time.


Subject(s)
Adult , Dasatinib , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl/genetics , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Young Adult
2.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1429-1435, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922276

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish the in vivo traceable acute myeloid leukemia mice model with Luciferase-Expressing KG1a Cells.@*METHODS@#KG1a cells with stable luciferase gene expression (called as KG1a-Luc cells) were constructed by lentivirus transfection, then sifted out by puromycin. Eighteen male NOD-SCID-IL2rg@*RESULTS@#KG1a cells expressing luciferase stably were successfully obtained. The tumor luminescence wildly spread at day 17 captured by in vivo imaging. The KG1a-Luc tumor cells could be detected in the peripheral blood of the mice, with the average percentage of (16.27±6.66)%. The morphology and pathology result showed that KG1a-Luc cells infiltrate was detected in bone marrow, spleens and livers. The survival time of the KG1a-Luc mice was notably shorter as compared with those in the control group, the median survival time was 30.5 days (95%CI: 0.008-0.260).@*CONCLUSION@#The acute myeloid leukemia NOD-SCID-IL2rg


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin Receptor Common gamma Subunit , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Luciferases/genetics , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781488

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression and significance of B and T lymphocyte weakening factor (BTLA) in patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML).@*METHODS@#Real-time PCR was used to detect the expression of BTLA and its ligand HVEM mRNA in 11 patients with chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and 11 normal donors. Flow cytometry was used to detect expression of BTLA and its HVEM on the cell surface of peripheral blood T lymphocytes and γδ T cells.@*RESULTS@#The median values of BTLA and its ligand HVEM mRNA expression in peripheral blood of patients with CMML were 0.009% and 559.4%, respectively, which were significantly lower than those of normal controls (0.053% and 1031%)(P<0.001). The expression level of BTLA and HVEM on cell surface of peripheral lymphocytes was not significantly different from that in normal controls (P=0.3031 and 0.2576), however, the proportion of peripheral blood T lymphocytes in patients with CMML (median: 37.73%) was significantly lower than that in controls (median 69.23%)(P=0.0005). The expression of BTLA on the surface of γδ T cells in peripheral blood of patients with CMML (median: 23.26%) was significantly lower than that of the controls (median: 52.64%) (P<0.05), and there was no significant abnormality in HVEM expression (P=0.2791).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of BTLA and its ligand HVEM, the proportion of T lymphocytes and the expression of BTLA on the surface of γδ T cells in patients with CMML are reduced. The effects of these abnormalities on T cell function and prognosis and efficacy of patients need to be further observed.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of exosomes from human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells on the development of Treg and TH17 cells.@*METHODS@#Exosomes from the serum-free-culture supernatants of hUC-MSC were harvested by ultracentrifugation. The electron microscopy, nanoparticle tracking analysis and western blot were used to identify the hUC-MSC-exosomes, such as the morphology, the paticle chameter, and the protein content. The PBMC stimulated with anti-CD3/CD28 were incubated with the exosomes for five days, and then the percentage changes of Treg and TH17 cells were analyzed by using flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The hUC MSC-derived exosomes were saucer-like in morphology the averge diameter was approximately 142 nm. They were identified as positive for CD9 and CD63. Flow cytometry showed that the proportion of CD4CD25Foxp3 Treg cells in the PBMC were significantly higher, but the proportion of CD4IL17A T cells in the hUC-MSC-exosome group was obviously lower than that in the group without the hUC-MSC-exosom (control group) (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The hUC-MSC-exosomes have an immunomodulatory effect on T cells in vitro by increasing the ratio of Treg and reducing the ratio of TH17 cells, expecting the hUC-MSC-exosom as a novel cell-free target for immunotherapy.


Subject(s)
Exosomes , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells , Umbilical Cord
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-360078

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical efficacy and toxicity of CLAT protocol (cladribine, cytarabine and topotecan) for treating patients with refractory acute myeloid leukemia (R-AML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 18 patients with R-AML (median age 37 years, range 18 to 58 years; male n = 16, female n = 2) were treated with CLAT protocol, which consisted of cladribine 5 mg/m(2)/d, i.v. on days 1-5, cytarabine 1.5 g/m(2)/d, i.v. on days 1-5, topotecan 1.25 mg/m(2)/d, i.v. on days 1-5 and G-CSF 300 µg/d subcutaneous injection on day 6 until neutrophile granulocyte recovery.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Out of 18 patients 2 died of severe infection before the assessment. Among 16 evaluated patients, 10 (55.6%) achieved complete remission (CR), and 2 (11.1%) achieved partial remission (PR), the overall response rate was 66.7%, the rest 4 patients did not respond (NR). The median overall survival time and DFS for the CR patients was 9.5 months (95%CI: 6.7-16.64) and 9.5 months (95%CI: 6.1-16.7) respectively. The 1 year OS and DFS rates were 45% and 46.9%, respectively. All patients developed grade 4 of granulocytopenia and thrombocytopenia, the median duration was 13 (range 2 to 21) days and 12 days (range 2 to 21), respectively, all patients developed infection, 2 patients died of severe infection. The most common non-hematological side effects included nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, aminotransferase or bilirubin elevation and were grade 1 to 2.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The CLAT protocol seems to have promising for the treatment of refractory AML patients, and patients well tolerated. This CLAT protocol offers an alternative treatment for R-AML patients who received severe intensive treatment, especially with anthracycline-containing chemotherapy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Agranulocytosis , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Therapeutic Uses , Cladribine , Therapeutic Uses , Cytarabine , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Therapeutic Uses , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Remission Induction , Thrombocytopenia , Topotecan , Therapeutic Uses , Young Adult
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-284024

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the c-kit mutation in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients with AML1-ETO and analyze its relation with clinical and laboratorial features and prognosis. PCR and sequencing methods were used to detect the c-kit 17 exon mutations in 31 AML patients with AML1-ETO. The relation of the c-kit mutation with clinical features, results of laboratorial examination and prognosis of disease were analyzed. The results showed that the c-kit mutation was found in 14 out of 31 AML patients and the mutation frequency was 45.16%. Male patients had a higher incidence of c-kit mutation than that of female patients (P = 0.020). The proportion of patients with newly diagnosed white blood cell>10×10(9)/L and with extramedullary infiltration in mutated group were higher than those in unmutated group respectively. No significant difference was observed at the age (P = 0.437) and the rate of bone marrow blasts(P = 0.510) between the above mentioned two groups. The difference in complete remission rate (64.29% vs 80%, P = 0.344)and relapse rate (58.33% vs 21.43%, P = 0.054) between c-kit mutated and c-kit unmutated groups were not significant. While the c-kit mutated group had a significant higher death rate as compared with c-kit unmutated group (57.14% vs 20%, P = 0.039). It is concluded that the c-kit mutation is frequent in AML patients with AML1-ETO and the c-kit mutated patients have a poor prognosis. It is important to detect c-kit mutation in routine clinical practice for patient's risk stratification, evaluation of prognosis and selection of effective treatment.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit , Genetics , DNA Mutational Analysis , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , Genetics , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Genetics , RUNX1 Translocation Partner 1 Protein , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 561-565, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-272166

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To understand the predictive value of early monitoring BCR-ABL transcripts in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) after treatment with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI), and to provides the information for early assessment of prognosis and treatment options.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>BCR-ABL transcripts of 53 CML patients before and after TKI treatment were detected by using real-time quantitative RT-PCR. The relationship between BCR-ABL transcripts level after TKI treatment for 3 months and the later molecular response, progression and mutation was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median values of BCR-ABL transcripts in peripheral blood samples from 30 newly diagnosed patients were 43.99%, which was used as a baseline of BCR-ABL transcripts for molecular response evaluation. Of 53 patients, 31 (58.49%) had a BCR-ABL mRNA ≤ 4.40% (reduced more than 1 log) and 22 (41.51%) greater than 4.40% (reduced to less than 1 log) after 3 months of TKI treatment. The former 31 patients had a significantly higher 18-months cumulative incidence of major molecular response (MMR) (90.32% vs 18.18%, P=0.000) and 3-year cumulative incidence of complete molecular response (CMR) (48.39% vs 0, P=0.000) compared with the latter 22 patients. The lower BCR-ABL level was, the earlier MMR reached. The proportion of patients with a mutation in group of BCR-ABL mRNA>4.40% was significantly higher than that of BCR-ABL mRNA ≤ 4.40% (22.73% vs 0, P=0.021). The incidence of progression increased in group of BCR-ABL mRNA>4.40%, but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.052).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is important for the prognosis evaluation of the patients to monitor the level of BCR-ABL transcripts at 3 months after TKI treatment, which might help to early optimization of treatment and to improve curative effect of CML patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Blood , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Male , Middle Aged , Predictive Value of Tests , Prognosis , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Therapeutic Uses , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1000-1004, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278448

ABSTRACT

This study was purposed to investigate the efficacy and safety of intravenous injecting itraconazole (ITCZ) as empirical antifungal therapy in the patients with hematological malignancies. According to recommendation in IDSA guidebook, the patients suffered from fever during neutropenia and inefficacy of treatment using broad-spectrum antibiotics for 4 days should receive intravenous injection of ITCZ as empirical antifungal therapy. The results showed that the overall clinical response rate to ITCZ injection was 62.9% (22/35), and the success rate of achieving composite endpoints was 54.3% (19/35). Mild adverse reactions were observed in 6 patients (17.1%). The injection of ITCZ was stopped in 2 patents (5.7%) due to adverse reaction. Further analysis revealed that the response rate was higher in patients with fever prior to the start of ITCZ within five days than beyond five days (P = 0.031). The response rate was higher in patients with possible invasive fungus infection (IFI) than that in patients with probable and confirmed IFI (P = 0.002). The prophylactic antifungal treatment during neutropenia displayed no significant influence on efficacy of empirical antifungal therapy with itraconazole (P = 0.054). It is concluded that the good efficacy and safety of empirical ITCZ injection for hematological malignancies patients is efficient and safe.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Antifungal Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Hematologic Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Humans , Injections, Intravenous , Itraconazole , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 922-925, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-278299

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the specificity, sensitivity and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of plasma elafin for diagnosis of skin acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), and to explore its clinical diagnostic value.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Incidence of skin aGVHD from fifty-three patients received allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) were observed prospectively in Guangdong General Hospital from Apr 2010 to Aug 2011. The plasma concentrations of elafin were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Skin biopsies were taken from 28 patients with skin rash, and elafin expression in the skin was detected by immunohistochemistry. Positive expression was defined as significant staining of at 50% of the depth of the epidermis, excluding the granular cell layer and the acrosyringium.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among 28 patients with skin rash, twenty-five were considered as skin aGVHD by clinical diagnosis, seventeen were confirmed as skin aGVHD by pathological biopsy. 11 cases were elafin positive by immunohistochemical staining. Elafin protein was overexpressed in aGVHD skin tissue (P = 0.001). Plasma concentrations of elafin were significantly higher in patients with skin aGVHD (positive) group than in those without skin aGVHD (negative) group (P = 0.005), among which there being no statistically significant difference in plasma elafin level between patients with grade I skin aGVHD group and negative group(P = 0.971), but being statistically significant difference compared patients with grade II-IV skin aGVHD group with those with grade I skin aGVHD group (P = 0.02) and with negative group (P = 0.008). Using the pathological diagnosis as the gold standard, the estimated specificity and the sensitivity of clinical diagnosis criteria were 27.3% and 100%, respectively, and those of tissue elafin protein level were 100% and 64.7%, respectively. The area under the ROC curve was 0.909 (0.797 - 1.021) when plasma concentrations of elafin was used in diagnosis of skin aGVHD. The sensitivity was 82.4% and the specificity was 81.8 % when the critical value was set at 1456.043 µg/L.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Plasma concentration of elafin is significantly higher at the onset of skin aGVHD. It can be used as biochemical marker of skin aGVHD and has higher value in diagnosis of skin aGVHD.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Elafin , Blood , Female , Graft vs Host Disease , Blood , Diagnosis , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Skin Diseases , Blood , Diagnosis , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-332534

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression of CD133 in the bone marrow of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and explore its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The expression of CD133 and CD34/CD38 in the bone marrow was detected using flow cytometry in 31 cases of refractory anemia with excess blasts (RAEB), 10 cases of refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia (RCMD) and 11 cases of aplastic anemia (AA).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The percentage of CD133-expressing cells was 6.75% in patients with RAEB, significantly higher than that in patients with RCMD (1.41%) and AA (2.70%) (P<0.05); the percentage of CD133-positive cells were similar between the latter two patient groups (P>0.05). The percentage of CD34(+)/CD38- cells was similar in the 3 groups (P>0.05), all lower than 1%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Advanced MDS patients are characterized by an increase of CD133-expressing cells, suggesting the value of CD133 in the diagnosis of RAEB. CD34(+)/CD38- cells do not show a significant value in the diagnosis of MDS.</p>


Subject(s)
AC133 Antigen , Anemia, Aplastic , Metabolism , Antigens, CD , Metabolism , Antigens, CD34 , Metabolism , Female , Flow Cytometry , Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Diagnosis , Metabolism , Peptides , Metabolism
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 254-258, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251981

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the promoter methylation levels of p15, CDH1, DAPK and HICI genes of patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and explore the relationship between the level of methylation and clinical features.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DNA methylation levels of p15, CDH1, DAPK and HICI in peripheral blood (PB) or bone marrow (BM) samples from 52 MDS patients were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The correlation of the methylation level with clinical features and hematological findings was analyzed. 38 de novo AML patients and 46 normal individuals served as controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The methylation levels of p15, CDH1, DAPK and HICI were 16.23 ± 21.69, 6.59 ± 9.39, 0.14 ± 0.11 and 7.81 ± 9.70 in BM, and 14.96 ± 20.16, 6.00 ± 9.26, 0.12 ± 0.14 and 6.74 ± 9.72 in PB, respectively from 18 MDS patients, and the difference between BM and PB was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The methylation levels of p15 (14.70 ± 18.17) and CDH1 (6.61 ± 8.79) genes in high risk (RAEBI/II) MDS were significantly higher than in low risk (RCMD/RARS/5q-, p15: 1.99 ± 1.59, CDH1: 1.23 ± 1.14 and RCMD, p15: 3.02 ± 3.42, CDH1:1.53 ± 2.06) MDS or control (p15: 1.69 ± 1.82, CDH1: 1.01 ± 1.12) (P < 0.05). The methylation levels of DAPK gene had no difference among subtypes of MDS, and that of HIC1 gene only differed between RAEB I/II (9.16 ± 11.95) and control (2.49 ± 2.26) (P = 0.042). The difference of methylation levels of p15, CDH1, DAPK and HICI in BM was statistically significant among subtypes of MDS (P = 0.001, 0.003, 0.039, 0.023, respectively). And so did of p15 and DAPK in PB (P = 0.013, 0.006, respectively). The methylation level of p15 and CDH1 was significantly correlated with IPSS classification and blasts percentage in BM.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>p15 and CDH1 genes are special hypermethylation genes in MDS. Methylation level of HIC1 gene showed an upward tendency from low risk to high risk MDS.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cadherins , Genetics , Metabolism , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases , Genetics , Metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p15 , Genetics , Metabolism , DNA Methylation , Death-Associated Protein Kinases , Female , Humans , Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Genetics , Metabolism , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Young Adult
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1273-1277, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343303

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of nitro oxide (NO) from mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) on the proliferative responses of allogeneic lymphocytes and its mechanism. MSCs were isolated and cultured from human bone marrow. Selected surface antigens of MSCs were detected by flow cytometry and their morphologic characteristics were determined by microscopy. Mitomycin C-treated MSCs were plated in dishes and then mixed lymphocyte cultures (MLC) were set up. After 4 days, lymphocyte proliferation was determined by CCK-8 assays; NO secretion in coculture supernatant was determined by Griess reagent kit; the level of FOXP3 mRNA expression was detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The results indicated that in MSC/MLC coculture experiment, the lymphocyte proliferation decreased significantly with of IOD value 0.49+/-0.03, NO production increased obviously (21.05+/-1.14 micromol/L) and FOXP3 mRNA expression was increased [(1.56+/-0.34)%] as compared with MLC coculture without MSC. There were significant difference between these two groups. It is concluded that NO production in human MSC culture up-regulates FOXP3 mRNA expression and thus inhibits lymphocyte proliferation response.


Subject(s)
Adult , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Biology , Cell Proliferation , Cells, Cultured , Forkhead Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Lymphocyte Culture Test, Mixed , Lymphocytes , Cell Biology , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Nitric Oxide , Metabolism
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1424-1428, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328628

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the aven mRNA expression level of leukocytes from peripheral blood(PB)of de novo patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and analyze its clinical significance, so as to provide a experimental basis for evaluating prognosis. The aven mRNA expression levels in PB samples from 69 de novo AML patients were detected by using real-time quantitative PCR. The relation of aven mRNA level with clinical and hematological characteristics (age, sex, WBC, Hb, Plt, LDH, Blast% in PB and BM, FAB subtype) and treatment outcome (CR rate and relapse rate) were analyzed. 21 normal individuals served as controls. The results showed that the expression level of aven mRNA was between 11.72% and 178.93% (median 37.2%) in de novo AML and between 10.81% and 50.98% (median 28.81%) in normal individuals. Aven mRNA expression level was higher in the AML group than that in the controls (p = 0.006). As aven mRNA expression level was compared with other clinical and hematological parameters, there were significant correlations between aven mRNA expression level and age (r = 0.25, p = 0.039), and between hemoglobin level (r = 0.29, p = 0.019), FAB subtype(r = 0.253, p = 0.036). The median expression level (50.08%) of aven mRNA in older patients (> or = 44 years) was higher then that (32.41%) in younger patients (< 44 years) (p = 0.018). The complete remission (CR) rate after two cycles of chemotherapy in patients with lower aven mRNA level (25/30, 83.33%) was higher than that in patients with higher aven mRNA level(21/30, 70%), but the difference was not significant(p = 0.22). The difference of aven mRNA expression level between AML patients with relapse and AML patents without relapse was not significant (p = 0.076). It is concluded that the expression level of aven mRNA in de novo AML patients obviously increases, the overexpression of aven mRNA likely involves in genesis of AML. The definite relation of aven mRNA expression level with treatment outcome and relapse was not been found.


Subject(s)
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Genetics , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Genetics , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Genetics , Male , Membrane Proteins , Genetics , Middle Aged , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Sequence Analysis , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336082

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To screen the molecular markers for refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation (RAEB) in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) by serum proteome profiling.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The serum protein were isolated from patients with RAEB, acute myeloid leukemia or normal subjects by 2-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE), and the electrophoresis gels were obtained to identify the differentially reacting protein spots. The replica gels of the differentially reacting proteins were analyzed to locate the matching protein spots, which were identified by peptide mass fingerprint based on matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF-MS) and database searching.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven differentially expressed proteins in RAEB were found by 2-DE. Of the 7 proteins, 4 were identified by MALDI-TOF-MS to have significantly differential expression in RAEB, including dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP/CD26), polymerase (DNA directed) kappa, PRO2044 and an albumin-like protein.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>2-DE-based serum proteome profiling helps identify serum proteomic biomarkers related to MDS. DDP/CD26 has increased expression in the serum in RAEB subtype MDS, suggesting its possible role in advanced MDS.</p>


Subject(s)
Anemia, Refractory, with Excess of Blasts , Blood , Genetics , Bone Marrow , Pathology , DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase , Blood , Dipeptidyl-Peptidases and Tripeptidyl-Peptidases , Blood , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Blood , Classification , Genetics , Proteomics
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-334089

ABSTRACT

Pancreatitis has not been reported in allogeneic stem cell transplant (allo-SCT) recipients with cyclosporine in China. This article presented a case of acute pancreatitis in a 49-year-old patient with AML-M2a who received allogeneic stem cell transplant from her HLA identical sister. The preparative regimen consisted of busulfan and cyclophosphamide. The cyclosporine A, short-term methotrexate and antilymphocyte globulin (ATG), were used to prevent the graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Clinical and laboratory signs of acute pancreatitis were found in the patient on day 20 post-transplant. A diagnosis of acute pancreatitis was made although the pancreas was apparently normal at abdominal contrast-enhanced tomography and ultrasonography. She recovered with supportive care and reduction of cyclosporine dose. In conclusion, cyclosporine is the probable cause of pancreatitis in this patient.


Subject(s)
Cyclosporine , Female , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Middle Aged , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing , Postoperative Complications
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-318803

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to analyze the level of bcr-abl mRNA in peripheral blood (PB) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) in chronic myeloid leukemia patients, providing a experimental basis for diagnosing early relapse. bcr-abl mRNA levels in 78 PB and bone marrow (BM) samples from 15 CML patients after allo-SCT were detected by using real-time quantitative PCR. The results indicated that levels of bcr-abl mRNA before transplantation were high (median 29.303%) and decreased greatly (median 0) at the first month after allo-SCT. During the first year after allo-SCT, the patterns of serial bcr-abl transcripts varied in number, but the overall bcr-abl transcript levels significantly decreased at 6 months after allo-SCT. Majority of patients with undetectable or very low levels of bcr-abl mRNA were monitored after 1 year following transplantation. The hematological features of BM and PB in all detected patients remained normal. PB and BM bcr-abl values were not different significantly and had the similar trend of changes. It is concluded that the bcr-abl mRNA levels in CML patients change greatly early after allograft. Serial monitoring measurements for bcr-abl mRNA contribute to understanding the trend of change and effect of transplantation, also can be a guidance for starting therapy. But detectable levels of bcr-abl mRNA during the first 6 months do not indicate relapse. Measurements of bcr-abl mRNA of PB may be more suitable for routine monitoring long-term disease status in CML after allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Bone Marrow , Metabolism , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Blood , Metabolism , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Neoplasm, Residual , Diagnosis , RNA, Messenger , Blood , Metabolism , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230315

ABSTRACT

The study was purposed to analyze the relationship between the content of T-cell receptor excision DNA circles (TREC) and bcr-abl mRNA levels in CML patients and to evaluate the prognostic significance of recent thymic output function detection in patients with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). Quantitative detection of TREC and bcr-abl fusion gene transcripts in peripheral blood from 15 CML patients were preformed by real-time PCR. The change of bcr-abl levels in 6 patients was followed-up for two years. The results showed that there was no significant correlation between TREC and bcr-abl mRNA levels in peripheral blood from CML patients for the first attack. Patients who had higher TREC at diagnosis had a larger reduction of bcr-abl after 2 years of follow-up. While out of 2 patients who underwent haemopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), one patient with higher level of TREC before transplantation was confirmed to express undetectable level of TREC by three consecutive detections after transplantation, other one patient was identified to express low level of bcr-abl. It is concluded that high thymic output function in CML patients can be beneficial for killing the residual CML cells.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Genetics , Gene Rearrangement , Humans , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-abl , Genetics , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcr , Genetics , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes , Chemistry , Allergy and Immunology , Thymus Gland , Allergy and Immunology
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