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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1337-1344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877255

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effects and mechanism of puerarin (Pue) on hypoxia-induced pyroptosis of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs). METHODS :PASMCs of rats as research objects were randomly divided into normoxia group ,hypoxia group and hypoxia+Pue group (0.2 mmol/L). Except for normoxia group ,other groups were cultured with 5% CO2 and 3% O2 at 37 ℃ for 24 hours to establish hypoxia model. Western blot assay was used to detect the expression of pyroptosis related proteins [NOD-like receptor protein- 3 (NLPR3),caspase-1,interleukin-1 β (IL-1 β),apoptosis-associated speck-like protein (ASC)]. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH)release assay was used to detect the release of LDH in cells ;Hoechst 33342/PI double staining test was adopted to detect the proportion of pyroptosis positive cells. PASMCs was randomly divided into normoxia group+control plasmid group ,hypoxia+control plasmid group ,hypoxia+over-expression plasmid group and hypoxia+ over-expression plasmid+Pue group. Except for the normoxia+control plasmid group ,the other groups were established hypoxia model by the same method. After transfection of control plasmid or NLRP 3 over-expression plasmid ,Western blot ,LDH release test and Hoechst 33342/PI double staining test were used to investigate whether Pue could inhibit hypoxia-induced PASMCs pyroptosis by interfering with the activity of NLRP 3 inflammasomes. RESULTS :Compared with normoxia group ,the expression of pyroptosis related proteins ,the release of LDH and the proportion of pyroptosis positive cells were increased significantly in hypoxia group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Pue had the effect of reversing the above indexes (P<0.05 or P<0.01). When the NLRP 3 inflammasome was over-expressed ,the expression of pyroptosis related proteins ,the release of LDH and the proportion of Δ 基金项目:黑龙江省自然科学基金资助项目(No.ZD201416) pyroptosis positive cells were increased significantly (P<0.05 *教授,博士生导师 ,博士。研究方向 :心血管药理学 。电话: or P<0.01). Pue could inhibit the above phenomenon through 0451-58853046。E-mail:zhangxd85@163.com regulating NLRP 3 inflammasome (P<0.05 or P<0.01). 中国药房 2021年第32卷第11期 China Pharmacy 2021Vol. 32 No. 11 ·1337· CONCLUSIONS:Pue can significantly inhibit the hypoxia-induced pyroptosis of PASMCs by down-regulating the expression of pyroptosis related proteins ,reducing the release of LDH and proportion of pyroptosis positive cells. The mechanism is related to the activity inhibition of NLRP 3 inflammasome.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910794

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max) of extraocular muscle during 99Tc m-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (DTPA) orbital SPECT/CT imaging for the clinical diagnosis and evaluation of thyroid associated ophthalmopathy (TAO). Methods:From July 2019 to April 2020, 38 patients (13 males, 25 females, age: 15-77 (48.8±13.7) years; 76 eyes) diagnosed with TAO and 11 healthy volunteers (2 males, 9 females, age: 20-87 (53.5±20.2) years; 22 eyes) were enrolled retrospectively from the Second Hospital of Dalian Medical University. According to the clinical activity score (CAS), 76 eyes were divided into active group (46 eyes) and inactive group (30 eyes). All subjects underwent 99Tc m-DTPA orbital SPECT/CT imaging, then SUV max and uptake ratio (UR) of extraocular muscles were measured and calculated by 3 nuclear medicine physicians. The corrected SUV max was obtained after correction. Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test and Bonferroni test were used to compare the differences of corrected SUV max and UR among the three groups. Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between corrected SUV max /UR and CAS. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of corrected SUV max and UR. Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used for reliability analysis to evaluate the consistency of corrected SUV max and UR among the 3 measurers. Results:The corrected SUV max of the extraocular muscles in the active group, inactive group and control group were 15.96(10.99, 19.63), 7.98(6.80, 9.28), 7.59(6.59, 8.20) respectively ( H=42.196, P<0.001), and UR were 2.17(1.65, 2.79), 1.22(1.03, 1.39), 1.12(0.99, 1.36) respectively ( H=40.642, P<0.001). The corrected SUV max and UR of the extraocular muscles in the active group were significantly higher than those in the inactive group ( H values: -4.971, -5.053, both P<0.001) and in the control group ( H values: -5.681, -5.436, both P<0.001), while there was no significant difference between the inactive group and the control group ( H values: -1.190, -0.796, both P>0.05). Both corrected SUV max and UR were positively correlated with CAS ( rs values: 0.653, 0.615, both P<0.001). The area under the ROC curve of corrected SUV max was 0.851, and the threshold value of corrected SUV max for distinguishing active and inactive periods was 10.125, with the sensitivity of 80.4%(37/46) and the specificity of 86.7%(26/30). The area under the ROC curve of UR was 0.845, and the threshold value for differentiating active and inactive periods was 1.565, with the sensitivity of 80.4%(37/46) and the specificity of 86.7%(26/30). The ICC of corrected SUV max and UR were 0.966(95% CI: 0.953-0.976, P<0.001) and 0.618(95% CI: 0.436-0.744, P<0.001) respectively. Conclusion:Compared with UR, SUV max may be a more promising index for estimating disease activity of orbits in patients with TAO.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 541-548, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and non-surgical treatment of patients with type I fracture according to the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (ASOTLF) classification.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was used to analyze the clinical data of 115 patients with ASOTLF admitted to Honghui Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2018. There were 48 males and 67 females, aged 65-92 years [(75.3±8.5)years]. According to clinical symptoms and imaging characteristics, all patients were identified with type I fracture according to the ASOTLF classification. Injury segments were at T 6 to T 10 in 10 patients, at T 11 in 15, at T 12 in 26, at L 1 in 34, ay L 2 in 18, at L 3 in 7, and at L 4 in 5. A total of 73 patients received PVP combined with anti-osteoporosis treatment (surgery group), and 42 patients received non-surgery combined anti-osteoporosis treatment (non-surgery group). Before treatment, at 1 day, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months after treatment, and at the last follow-up, the visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to assess the pain, the Roland Morris Disability (RMD) score to assess the spinal function, and the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis (QUALEFFO) score to evaluate the quality of life. The bone mineral density was compared between groups before treatment and at 1 year after treatment. The complications were observed as well. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-18 months [(13.2±4.6)months]. At 1 day, 1 month, and 3 months after treatment, the VAS in surgery group [(3.9±0.6)points, (3.3±0.6)points, (2.9±0.3)points] was significantly lower than that in non-surgery group [(6.0±0.7)points, (5.0±0.8)points, (4.2±1.0)points, respectively] (all P<0.05); the RMD score in surgery group [(15.2±0.7)points, (12.6±0.7)points, (10.6±0.7)points] was significantly lower than that in non-surgery group [(16.4±0.8)points, (14.6±0.8)points, (12.7±0.6)points, respectively] (all P<0.05). At 1 day and 1 month after treatment, the QUALEFFO score in surgery group [(46.0±1.1)points, (41.4±0.8)points] was lower than that in non-surgery group [(50.3±0.8)points, (44.7±1.2)points] (all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups at other time points of the above indicators ( P>0.05). At 1 year after treatment, the bone mineral density in surgery group was (-3.0±0.9)SD, and was (-2.8±1.1)SD in non-surgery group ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between surgery group [37%(27/73)] and non-surgery group [33%(14/42)] ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For patients with ASOTLF type I fracture, PVP and non-surgical treatment has similar effects in anti-osteoporosis and occurrence of complications, but the PVP is superior to non-surgical treatment in early pain relief, spinal function improvement and quality of life.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 250-260, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (ASOTLF) classification system, and to examine the reliability and evaluate the effect of clinical application.Methods:A retrospective case series study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 1 293 patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture(OTLF) admitted to Honghui Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018. There were 514 males and 779 females, aged 57-90 years [(71.4±6.3)years]. The T value of bone mass density was -5.0--2.5 SD [(-3.1±-0.4)SD]. According to the clinical symptoms a and fracture morphology, OTLF was divided into 4 types, namely type I(I occult fracture), type II(compressed fracture), type III (burst fracture) and type IV(unstable fracture). The type II was subdivided into three subtypes (type IIA, IIB, IIC), and the Type III into two subtypes (type IIIA, IIIB). of all patients, 75 patients (5.8%) were with type I, 500 (38.7%) with type II A, 134 (10.4%) with type IIB, 97 (7.5%) with type IIC, 442 (34.2%) with type IIIA, 27(2.1%) with type IIIB and 18 (1.4%) with type IV. After testing the validity of the classification, different treatment methods were utilized according to the classification, including percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) for Type I, PVP after postural reduction for Type II, percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) for Type IIIA, posterior reduction and decompression, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IIIB, and posterior reduction, bone graft fusion and bone cement-augmented screw fixation for Type IV. The visual analog score (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), Frankel grade of spinal cord injury, local Cobb Angle, and vertebral body angle (vertebral body angle) were recorded in all patients and in each type of patients before surgery, at 1 month after surgery and at the last follow-up. The neurological function recovery and complications were also recorded.Results:The patients were followed up for 24-43 months [(29.9±5.1)months]. A total of 3 000 assessments in two rounds were conducted by three observers. The overall κ value of inter-observer credibility was 0.83, and the overall κ value of intra-observer credibility was 0.88. The VAS and ODI of all patients were (5.8±0.7)points and 72.5±6.6 before surgery, (1.8±0.6)points and 25.0±6.3 at 1 month after surgery, and (1.5±0.6)points and 19.5±6.2 at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). The Cobb angle and vertebral body angle of all patients were (13.0±9.1)° and (8.0±4.6)° before surgery, (7.9±5.2)° and (4.6±2.9)° at 1 month after surgery, and (9.1±6.0)° and (5.8±3.0)° at the last follow-up, respectively (all P<0.05). At the last follow-up, VAS, ODI, Cobb Angle and VBA of each type of patients were significantly improved compared with those before surgery (all P<0.05). The spinal cord compression symptoms were found 1 patient with type IV and 5 patients with type IIIB preoperatively. At the last follow-up, neurological function improved from grade C to grade E in 1 patient and from grade D to grade E in 5 patients ( P<0.05). The lower limb radiation pain or numbness in 3 patients with type IV and 22 patients with type III preoperatively were fully recovered after surgical treatment at the last follow-up except for three patients. Conclusions:The ASOTLF classification is established and has high consistency and reliability. The classification-oriented treatment strategy has achieved a relatively satisfactory effect, indicating that the classification has a certain guiding significance for treatment of OTLF.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 15-21, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the treatment options for patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (OTLICS) of 4 points following acute symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) .Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 108 patients with acute symptomatic OVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University Faculty of Medicine from February 2016 to February 2018. There were 21 males and 87 females, aged 55-92 years [(71.6±5.3)years]. All patients had OTLICS score of 4 points. Of all, 76 patients were treated operatively (surgery group) and 32 patients were treated non-operatively (non-surgery group). The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and quality of life score (SF-36) were compared between the two groups before treatment, at 1 week, 3 months, 6 months after treatment, and at the last follow-up. The recovery of the injured vertebrae before and after treatment (Cobb angle of the injured vertebra, relative height of the anterior edge of the injured vertebrae), adjacent vertebral body fractures, and complications were compared between the two groups.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-18 months [(13.4±4.2)months]. At 1 week, 3 months and 6 months after treatment, the VAS in surgery group [(3.5±1.0)points, (2.1±0.6)points, (2.0±0.4)points] was better than that in non-surgery group [(6.4±1.7)points, (5.3±1.5)points, (3.3±0.6)points] ( P<0.05), the ODI in surgery group [(45.8±10.3)points, (35.3±8.6)points, (26.5±7.1)points] was better than that in non-surgery group [(65.7±12.1)points, (58.3±10.7)points, (45.6±9.3)points] ( P<0.05), the SF-36 in surgery group [(82.8±1.4)points, (85.0±1.5)points, (88.0±1.3)points] was better than that in non-surgery group [(80.4±1.3)points, (81.5±1.4)points, (85.6±1.1)points] ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, there were no significant differences in VAS, ODI and SF-36 between the two groups ( P>0.05). At 3 months, 6 months and the last follow-up, the Cobb angle in surgery group [(18.3±3.9)°, (17.5±3.0)°, (17.8±1.6)°] was better than that in non-surgery group [(22.4±2.2)°, (22.5±1.7)°, (22.1±1.3)°] ( P<0.05), and the relative height of the anterior edge of the injured vertebra in surgery group [(75.4±8.6)%, (76.6±8.6)%, (75.2±8.3)%] was better than that in non-surgery group [(63.5±7.6)%, (65.2±7.4)%, (62.8±7.2)%] ( P<0.05). The adjacent vertebral fractures occurred in 6 patients (8%) in surgery group, and in 2 patients (6%)in non-surgey group ( P>0.05). Postoperative complications occurred in 8 patients (11%) in surgery group, and occurred in 6 patients (19%) in non-surgery group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:When applying the OTLICS scoring system to treat acute symptomatic OVCF, patients with OTLICS score of 4 points should be promptly treated with operatively, which can quick relieve pain, correct deformities promote functional recovery, and improve quality of life.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821081

ABSTRACT

@#The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of lidocaine on lipopolysaccharide(LPS)-induced matrix metalloproteinase(MMP)-9 and MMP-2 activity in plasma, and the effects of lidocaine on LPS-induced acute lung injury(ALI). Mice were pretreated with lidocaine(2, 4, 8 mg/kg )for 30 minutes, and then treated with 10 mg/kg LPS(ip)for 12 h to induce ALI. The 7-day survival rate and lung wet/dry weight ratio of mice were monitored. Phosphorylation level of p38 was measured by western blot. The activity of MMP-9 and MMP-2 in plasma was evaluated by gelatin zymography. The results showed that pretreatment with lidocaine could significantly reduce the death rate of ALI mice as well as the lung wet/dry weight ratio in a dose-dependent manner and suppress the activity of MMP-9 and MMP-2 in plasma. Moreover, lidocaine also markedly inhibited LPS-induced upregulation of p-p38 in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, lidocaine alleviated LPS-induced acute lung injury by suppressing MMP-9 and MMP-2 activity.

7.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 625-634, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of residual back pain (RBP) in patients undergone PVP within 1 month and further analyze the correlation.Methods:Between March 2013 and January 2015, 1 316 patients with OVCF were treated by PVP. RBP after PVP was defined as a visual analogue scale (VAS) score of > 4 both 1 week and 1 month post-operatively. According to the pain relief, the patients were divided into two groups, the satisfied group and the unsatisfied group. All patients were scheduled for follow-up at1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 1 year post-operatively, during which radiography and magnetic resonance imaging (T1-weighted, T2-weighted, and short time inversion recovery (STIR) sequences) were recommended to detect the existence of secondary OVCF. VAS scores and Oswestry disability index (ODI) were recorded. Demographic data, surgical information, anesthesia method, number of OVCF, injection amount of cement of single vertebral bone, imaging data and other comorbidity informations of patients in the two groups were analyzed by Logistic regression for the factors related to RBP after PVP.Results:Among 1 316 patients, 60 cases complained RBP, and the prevalence was 4.6%. VAS score and ODI of the two groups were significantly different at 1 week, 1 month and 3 months after surgery, suggesting there was a certain degree of residual pain in the lower back of patients in the unsatisfied group, which was more severe than that in the satisfied group. However, the above differences disappeared in the follow-up of 12 months after surgery.Univariate analysesshowed that preoperative bone mineral density (BMD), number of fracture, cement distribution and volume injected per level and lumbodorsal fascia contusion were associated with RBP after PVP ( P< 0.01, retrospectively). Multivariate analysis revealed that the absolute value of pre-operative BMD(odds ratio ( OR)=3.577, P=0.029), combined withlumbodorsal fascia contusion ( OR=3.805, P=0.002), number of fracture ( OR=3.440, P<0.001), satisfactory cement distribution ( OR=3.009, P=0.013) and combined with depression ( OR=3.426, P=0.028) were positively correlated with RBP after PVP, and these were risk factors. The injection amount of cement of single vertebral bone ( OR=0.079, P<0.001) was negatively correlated with RBP after PVP, which was a protective factor. Conclusion:Pre-operative low BMD, lumbodorsal fascial injury, multiple segment OVCF, insufficient cement injected volume, unsatisfactory cement distribution and depression were risk factors associated with RBP after PVP in patients with OVCF.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615768

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application effect of zoledronic acid on PKP after osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures. Methods According to different treatment methods, 80 cases of patients from January 2015 to January 2017 in Xi'an City, Hong hui Red Cross hospital diagnosis and treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures parallel PKP were divided into two groups. The patients in the control group were not treated with zoledronic acid, and the patients in the observation group were treated with zoledronic acid.The treatment effect and adverse reaction rate were compared between two groups. Results The treatment effect of the observation group was better than that of the control group, and the improvement of the clinical symptoms of the observation group was better than that of the control group, and the incidence of adverse reactions was lower than that of the control group, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The effect of zoledronic acid treatment on osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures after PKP is remarkable, which can effectively improve the patients' clinical symptoms, less adverse reactions, is widely used in clinical osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures after PKP holds.

9.
Chinese Journal of Stomatology ; (12): 517-520, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809103

ABSTRACT

During the past decade, the anchorage implants have been widely used in the orthodontic treatment. Many scholars have studied the influence of different factors on anchorage implant's primary stability, including anchorage implant's material properties, structural design, surgical procedure, bone condition, loading force's magnitude and direction. This article is to review the influence of anchorage implant's shape, dimension, neck design and thread design on its primary stability.

10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 287-291, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288744

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effects of an exercise-based treatment programme (dyslexia, dyspraxia and attention-deficit treatment, DDAT) on various subtypes of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Ninety-one ADHD children with standing balance dysfunction (ADHD-I 43, ADHD-HI 15 and ADHD-C 33) were given DDAT for 6 months, the efficacy of DDAT was evaluated before DDAT, three, six months after the treatment and three month after end of the treatment according to SNAP-IV, before and after the treatment by balancing function test and Conners Parents Rating Scale.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Inattention subscale scores of ADHD-I, ADHD-HI and ADHD-C before and after the interventions were 1.99 ± 0.34, 0.96 ± 0.31, 2.17 ± 0.31and 1.19 ± 0.45, 0.81 ± 0.28, 1.32 ± 0.37, differences of ADHD-I and ADHD-C were significant (P < 0.05), hyperactivity subscale scores of three subtypes of ADHD were 0.81 ± 0.35, 2.01 ± 0.35, 1.96 ± 0.33 vs.0.45 ± 0.33, 0.79 ± 0.41, 1.10 ± 0.35, there were significant differences as well (P < 0.05). The score of hyperactivity symptom was reduced more compared to that of inattention symptom by the SNAP-IV scale parent forms. There were significant difference before and after the treatment based on Conners parent scale for conduct problem (1.11 ± 0.48 vs. 0.76 ± 0.44) , learning problem (1.97 ± 0.58 vs.1.60 ± 0.67), psychosomatic problems (0.61 ± 0.49 vs. 0.29 ± 0.35) , activity/ hyperactivity (1.46 ± 0.69 vs.1.09 ± 0.55) and anxiousness (1.05 ± 0.63 vs.0.62 ± 0.47) as well (P < 0.05); the standing balance dysfunction improved for most of the children, total effective rate was 87.9%, no significant difference was found among the three subtypes (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>DDAT is a safe and efficient intervention for the ADHD children with standing balance dysfunction, the improvement on hyperactivity symptom was better than that on inattention symptom. This study shows that an exercise-based treatment programme for cerebellum function improves symptoms of ADHD and balance function.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Anxiety , Therapeutics , Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity , Therapeutics , Cerebellum , Child , Exercise , Physiology , Female , Humans , Impulsive Behavior , Therapeutics , Learning Disabilities , Therapeutics , Male , Postural Balance , Physiology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-565656

ABSTRACT

The preocular tear film has recently been described as a bilaminar structure,including lipid layer and aqueous/mucin gel layer.The lipid layer has two phases,a relatively thick outer layer,containing nonpolar lipids such as wax esters,sterol esters,hydrocarbons, and triglycerides;and a thin polar inner layer,predominantly consisting of phospholipids.It s confirmed that there are differences in meibomian fatty acid composition between healthy and evaporative dry eye patients.Thus,therapies targeted at replenishing or stabilizing the lipid layer are key points to the treatment of evaporative dry eye,either as monotherapy or in conjunction with therapies designed to enhance aqueous production.

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