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1.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1337-1341, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911014

ABSTRACT

Systemic light-chain(AL)amyloidosis has an insidious onset and diverse clinical manifestations with high early mortality and can be easily overlooked or misdiagnosed in the elderly.Early diagnosis and deep remission are critical for the long-term survival of AL amyloidosis patients.This article provides a systematic review of the current status of treatment and progress in new drugs for AL amyloidosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863591

ABSTRACT

Objective:Real-time cell-based assay (RTCA) technology was used to detect the influence of compound Danshen tablets with different concentrations on cells to screen outthe sensitive, stable and concentration-dependent cell lines to provide reference for the quality evaluation experiment of cell biological effects of compound salvia miltiorrhiza tablets. Methods:The effects of compound Danshen tablets on human umbilical vein endothelial cells (Huvec), rat cardiac myocytes (H9C2) and rat thoracic aortic smooth muscle cells (RA-VSMC) were investigated by RTCA. The cell index (CI) was measured to form time-dose dependent cell response curves (TCRPs) to screen the the optimal cell lines by description analysis and statistical analysis. Results:All of the three cells show obvious response to the effects of compound Danshen tablets. The sensitivity of RA-VSMC was relatively poor, the range of effective concentrationof three cells was different, and the concentration gradient dependence was also different. H9c2 cells had good sensitivity to compound Danshen tablets, which was gradient dependent, and the effective concentration range wass 0.3-1.8 mg/ml, and it can be used as a cell for quality evaluation of compound Danshen tablets. Conclusions:RTCA technology can monitor and record the growth status of cells in real time. It can accurately reflect the effects of compound Danshen tablets on different cell lines. The data are objective and reliable. It provides a new experimental technology and method for the quality evaluation of compound Danshen tablets.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800652

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Comparison of effects of Zingiberis Rhizoma and Aristolochia manshuriensis on diuretic effect and acute renal injury in rats by combining two methods of co-decoction and mixed-decoction. The effects of in vitro observation on normal human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) were observed.@*Methods@#The rats were randomly divided into five groups: blank group, positive control group, aristolochia manshuriensis group, combined decoction group and divided decoction group, 8 rats in each group. The water-loading rat model was established by intragastric administration of normal saline. The urine of rats was collected and the volumes of urine were measured for 24 hours after the corresponding drugs were given to each group. After 2 weeks of gavage of the corresponding drugs in each group, the serum BUN, SCr and urine UCr and PRO levels were measured by 7600P automatic biochemical analyzer, and renal histopathology were observed by HE staining. The HK-2 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into control group, Aristolochia manshuriensis group, mixed decoction group and sub-decoction group. After 24 hour intervention, the activity of cells was detected by CCK-8 method and the apoptosis was observed by Hoechst stain method.@*Results@#There was no significant difference in 24 hour urine output between the groups (P>0.05). Compared with Aristolochia manshuriensis group, the kidney coefficient (0.010 1 ± 0.005 8 vs. 0.013 3 ± 0.007 8), SCr (38.52 ± 0.58 μmol/L vs. 46.61 ± 0.72 μmol/L), BUN (8.55 ± 0.12 mmol/L vs. 10.21 ± 0.30 mmol/L), UCr (52.21 ± 0.89 μmol/L vs. 57.71 ± 0.67 μmol/L), PRO (29.89 ± 0.18 mg/L vs. 34.23 ± 6.05 mg/L) of combined decoction group significantly decreased (P<0.05). The survival rate of HK-2 cells (72.45% ± 3.70% vs. 55.92% ± 8.39%) in combined decoction group significantly increased (P<0.01), and the apoptosis rate (7.9% ± 2.6% vs. 31.6% ± 9.1%) significantly decreased (P<0.01).@*Conclusions@#The traditional co-decoction method of Aristolochia manshuriensis compatibility with Zingiberis Rhizoma can achieve a certain attenuation effect, and the mixed-decoction group can not achieve the attenuating effec.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823598

ABSTRACT

Objective Comparison of effects of Zingiberis Rhizoma and Aristolochia manshuriensis on diuretic effect and acute renal injury in rats by combining two methods of co-decoction and mixed-decoction. The effects of in vitro observation on normal human renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) were observed. Methods The rats were randomly divided into five groups: blank group, positive control group, aristolochia manshuriensis group, combined decoction group and divided decoction group, 8 rats in each group. The water-loading rat model was established by intragastric administration of normal saline. The urine of rats was collected and the volumes of urine were measured for 24 hours after the corresponding drugs were given to each group. After 2 weeks of gavage of the corresponding drugs in each group, the serum BUN, SCr and urine UCr and PRO levels were measured by 7600P automatic biochemical analyzer, and renal histopathology were observed by HE staining. The HK-2 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into control group, Aristolochia manshuriensis group, mixed decoction group and sub-decoction group. After 24 hour intervention, the activity of cells was detected by CCK-8 method and the apoptosis was observed by Hoechst stain method. Results There was no significant difference in 24 hour urine output between the groups (P>0.05). Compared with Aristolochia manshuriensis group, the kidney coefficient (0.010 1 ±0.005 8 vs. 0.013 3 ± 0.007 8), SCr (38.52 ± 0.58 μmol/L vs. 46.61 ± 0.72 μmol/L), BUN (8.55 ± 0.12 mmol/L vs. 10.21 ± 0.30 mmol/L), UCr (52.21 ± 0.89 μmol/L vs. 57.71 ± 0.67 μmol/L), PRO (29.89 ± 0.18 mg/L vs. 34.23 ± 6.05 mg/L) of combined decoction group significantly decreased (P<0.05). The survival rate of HK-2 cells (72.45% ± 3.70% vs. 55.92% ± 8.39%) in combined decoction group significantly increased (P<0.01), and the apoptosis rate (7.9% ± 2.6% vs. 31.6% ± 9.1%) significantly decreased (P<0.01). Conclusions The traditional co-decoction method of Aristolochia manshuriensis compatibility with Zingiberis Rhizoma can achieve a certain attenuation effect, and the mixed-decoction group can not achieve the attenuating effec.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 4804-4807, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663531

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To study the pharmacokinetics and brain targeting of Toutongning nasal spray in rats in vivo. METH-ODS:84 SD rats were divided into nasal administration group and vein administration group,42 in each group,with dose of 1.2 mL/kg. 5 mL sample blood was taken in abdominal aorta after 5,10,15,30,60,90,120 min of administration,and brain tissue was taken (6 rats in each time point). HPLC-MS was adopted to determine the concentration of prim-o-glucosylcimifugin and 5-O-methylvisammioside in plasma and brain tissue of rats in each group,and DAS 2.0 software was used to calculate the pharma-cokinetic parameters and brain targeting indexes. RESULTS:The cmax of prim-o-glucosylcimifugin and 5-O-methylvisammioside in plasma of rats in nasal administration group were(0.2024±0.0158),(0.3738±0.0857)μg/mL;tmax were(10.0000±0.0000) min;and AUC0-∞ were (16.5429 ± 2.1103),(27.4527 ± 5.5721)μg·h/mL,respectively. The cmax of prim-o-glucosylcimifugin and 5-O-methylvisammioside in brain tissue of rats were (0.1802 ± 0.0384),(0.3204 ± 0.0277)μg/g;tmax were (10.0000 ± 0.0000)min;and AUC0-∞ were(17.1053±2.4329),(24.5416±3.7534)μg·h/g,respectively. The cmax of prim-o-glucosylcimi-fugin and 5-O-methylvisammioside in plasma of rats in vein administration group were (0.3002 ± 0.0161),(0.5267 ± 0.0441)μg/mL;tmax were(10.0000±0.0000)min;and AUC0-∞ were(28.0105±4.1128),(60.2941±11.2902)μg·h/mL,respective-ly. The cmax of prim-o-glucosylcimifugin and 5-O-methylvisammioside in brain tissue of rats were(0.1498±0.0315),(0.1998± 0.0401)μg/g;tmax were(15.0000±0.0000)min;and AUC0-∞were(22.6434±2.8831),(36.7218±14.8856)μg·h/g,respec-tively. The brain targeting indexes of prim-o-glucosylcimifugin and 5-O-methylvisammioside were 2.3870 and 2.1761,respective-ly. CONCLUSIONS:After nasal administration of Toutongning nasal spray,parts of drugs can directly transport to the brian by na-sal absorption. It is scientific and reasonable to make nasal spray.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620146

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the purification, concentration and drying technology of Fushubao gel. Methods The purification technology of Fushubao gel was optimizing by the total retention rate of Rhein, emodin, physcion and purity of content. The concentration, drying technology of Fushubao gel was optimized by the transfering rate of Rhein, emodin, physcion and Berberine hydrochloride. Results Best refining technology included in the condition of the water extract of 0.2 g/ml at 70 ℃, the ZTC1+1-II clarifying agent B 0.6 ml/g was mixed10 min in a 70 ℃ water bath thermal insulation 30 min; And then agent A 0.3 ml/g was added and mixed 10 min in a 70 water bath thermal insulation 30 min; after 12 h, filter it. Best thickening, drying technology was in the vacuum for -0.08~-0.09 MPa, a temperature of 60 ℃, the pressure was reduced to concentrate its relative density about 1.05 and concentrated liquid spray was dryed. Conclusions The purification, concentration and drying technology of Fushubao gel is reasonable, and can be used in the production.

7.
Herald of Medicine ; (12): 772-775, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-492956

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneously determination of five components (adenosine,cytidine,guanosine,mannitol and adenine) in Qiangshenpaidu capsules. Methods The UPLC separation was performed on an Agilent ZOBAX SB-C18(2.1 mm×150 mm,5 μm) column.Isocratic elution was carried out with mobile phase consisting of methanol-0.1%formic acid (5∶95) at a flow rate of 0.2 mL.min-1.The mass spectrometer was operated in the positive ionization electrospray ( ESI) mode using multiple monitoring ( MRM) for analysis of five components. Results Adenosine,cytidine,guanosine,mannitol and adenine were all analyzed with good precision and accuracy. The linear ranges were 35-1 120 ng.mL-1( r=0.998 1) ,10-320 ng.mL-1( r=0.996 4) , 30-980 ng.mL-1( r=0.999 3) , 40-1 280 ng.mL-1( r=0.993 4), 25-800 ng.mL-1(r=0.996 5),respectively.The recoveries of six analytes ranged from 97.4% to 103.6% and the relative standard deviations were all below 4.7%. Conclusion A sensitive,accurate and suitable UPLC-MS/MS method has been developed,and the method could be applied for the determination of adenosine,cytidine,guanosine,mannitol,and adenine in Qiangshenpaidu Capsules.

8.
Journal of Clinical Surgery ; (12): 200-202, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-474055

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects and their potential mechanisms of splenectomy plus esophagogastric devascularization on non-invasive indexes of liver fibrosis and the cirrhosis progress in portal hypertensive patients with HBV-related cirrhosis. Methods Twenty consecutive portal hypertensive patients with positive HBsAg,negative HBV-DNA and Child-Pugh A(n=14)or B(n=6)were collected in this study. ELISA method was used to test the level of serum MMP-1 and TIMP-1;electrochemilumines-cence was used to measure hyaluronic acid( HA),N-terminal type Ⅲ procollagen peptide( PC-Ⅲ),lami-nin(LN)and collagen typeⅣ(C-IV). Results The serum TIMP-1,HA,PCⅢ,LN,and C-Ⅳwere signifi-cantly lower than the preoperative levels(p<0. 05),and MMP-1 slowly increased compared with the pre-operative levels(p<0. 05). The changes between TIMP-1 and HA,PC-Ⅲ,LN,or C-Ⅳ were positively correlated(r=0. 458~0. 783,p<0. 01/0. 05). The changes between MMP-1 and HA,PC-Ⅲ,LN,or C-Ⅳ were negatively correlated(r= -0. 545~ -0. 873,p<0. 01/0. 05). Conclusion Splenectomy plus esophagogastric devascularization can decrease non-invasive hepatic fibrosis serum markers and cytokines (TIMP-1),conducive to slowing down the disease progression in patients with cirrhosis.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600992

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the feasibility and efficacy of small-incision high-ligation of great saphenous vein combined with endovascular microwave coagulation plus local injection of lauromacrogol for varicose veins of lower limbs . Methods From October 2012 to October 2013, there were 60 patients (70 legs) treated by high-ligation of the great saphenous vein , during which endovascular microwave coagulation was performed by using radiator and an additional injection of sclerotherapy at local tortuous vessels was carried out ( observation group ) .The control group ( between August 2011 and September 2012 ) underwent the traditional saphenous vein ligation plus superficial vein stripping surgery .The operation time , blood loss during operation , number of incisions , length of groin incision , and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups . Results As compared with the control group , the observation group had singnificantly shorter operative time , fewer blood loss , fewer surgical incisions , and shorter groin incision, respectively [(50.8 ±2.6) min vs.(103.5 ±16.0) min, t=-25.183, P=0.000;(43.2 ±4.6) ml vs.(107.5 ± 35.2) ml, t=-14.030, P=0.000;2.2 ±0.7 vs.6.3 ±2.5, t=-12.233, P=0.000;(2.3 ±0.3) cm vs.(4.8 ±0.3) cm, t=-17.697, P=0.000].There was no significant difference in complications rates between the two groups : local skin numbness occurred in 40 cases in the observation group and in 38 cases in the control group (χ2 =0.147, P =0.702 ) and subcutaneous congestion was noted in 4 cases in the observation group and in 9 cases in the control group (χ2 =2.157, P=0.142). Conclusion Small-incision high-ligation of the great saphenous vein combined with endovascular microwave coagulation plus local injection of lauromacrogol for varicose veins of lower limbs has advantages of minimal invasion , good cosmetic outcomes , quick recovery , high efficacy, fewer complications , and easy performance .

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621905

ABSTRACT

Abstract A new microfluidic system with four different microchambers (a circle and three equilateral concave polygons) was designed and fabricated using poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and the soft lithography method. Using this microfluidic device at six flow rates (5, 10, 20, 30, 40, and 50 μL/h), the effects of microenvironmental geometry and aqueous flow on bacterial adhesion behaviors were investigated. Escherichia coli HB101 pGLO, which could produce a green fluorescent protein induced by L-arabinose, was utilized as the model bacteria. The results demonstrated that bacterial adhesion was significantly related to culture time, microenvironment geometry, and aqueous flow rates. Adhered bacterial density increased with the culture time. Initially, the adhesion occurred at the microchamber sides, and then the entire chamber was gradually covered with increased culture time. Adhesion densities in the side zones were larger than those in the center zones because of the lower shearing force in the side zone. Also, the adhesion densities in the complex chambers were larger than those in the simple chambers. At low flow rates, the orientation of adhered bacteria was random and disorderly. At high flow rates, bacterial orientation became close to the streamline and oriented toward the flow direction; All these results implied that bacterial adhesion tended to occur in complicated aqueous flow areas.The present study provided an on-chip flow system for physiological behavior of biological cells, as well as provided a strategic cue for the prevention of bacterial infection and biofilm formation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-472731

ABSTRACT

A new microfluidic system with four different microchambers (a circle and three equilateral concave polygons) was designed and fabricated using poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and the soft lithography method.Using this microfluidic device at six flow rates (5,10,20,30,40,and 50 μL/h),the effects of microenvironmental geometry and aqueous flow on bacterial adhesion behaviors were investigated.Escherichia coli HB101 pGLO,which could produce a green fluorescent protein induced by L-arabinose,was utilized as the model bacteria.The results demonstrated that bacterial adhesion was significantly related to culture time,microenvironment geometry,and aqueous flow rates.Adhered bacterial density increased with the culture time.Initially,the adhesion occurred at the microchamber sides,and then the entire chamber was gradually covered with increased culture time.Adhesion densities in the side zones were larger than those in the center zones because of the lower shearing force in the side zone.Also,the adhesion densities in the complex chambers were larger than those in the simple chambers.At low flow rates,the orientation of adhered bacteria was random and disorderly.At high flow rates,bacterial orientation became close to the streamline and oriented toward the flow direction.All these results implied that bacterial adhesion tended to occur in complicated aqueous flow areas.The present study provided an on-chip flow system for physiological behavior of biological cells,as well as provided a strategic cue for the prevention of bacterial infection and biofilm formation.

12.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 189-192, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473203

ABSTRACT

Calcineurin dephosphorylates multiple serine residues near the N terminus of NFAT proteins enabling them to translocate from cytoplasm to nucleus, where they activate a subset of hypertrophic response genes. Transgenic mice over-expressing a constitutively active form of calcineurin or NFAT3, developed obviously hypertrophy and heart failure or sudden death proving its pathogenic role. Here we used literatures on MEDLINE (2000-2011), systematically reviewed the new development of calcineurin signaling pathway in myocardial hypertrophy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471304

ABSTRACT

Objective Congestive heart failure (CHF) is the final common pathway of various heart diseases.Calcineurin,a calcium/calmodulindependent phosphatase consisting of a catalytic subanit A (CnA) and a regulatory calcium-binding subunit B (CnB),is activated in heart failure.This study aimed to investigate the relationship between mRNA level of calcineurin in circulating T-lymphocyte and that in myocardium in patients with CHF. MethodsA total of 38 patients with CHF (aged from 29 to 62 years) were included in this study.The mRNA levels of alpha-and beta-isoform of CnA in left ventricular anterior papillary muscle and peripheral lymphocytes were determined by semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction.Pearson linear correlation analysis was performed,and difference was considered statistically significant at a P value <0.05. ResultsCalcineurin mRNA levels in lymphocytes were positively correlated with those in myocardium (for CnA-alpha mRNA,r=0.820;for CnA-beta mRNA,r=0.875;both P<0.01).CnA-beta mRNA levels in both circulating lymphocytes and myocardium increased significantly with increasing NYHA class (r=0.877 for peripheral blood and r=0.805 for cardiac muscle;both P<0.01). ConclusionsThe mRNA level of CnA-beta in circulating lymphocytes is positively correlated with that in myocardium and is a promising marker for the severity of cardiac dysfunction in patients with CHF.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405714

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A left-to-right shunting animal model is needed to study chronic pulmonary vascular remodeling of congenital heart attachment disease in adult.OBJECTIVE: To observe the characteristics of chronic pulmonary arterial hypertension in rat models subjected to left-to-right shunting.DESIGN, TIME AND SETTING: Randomized controlled animal modeling observation was performed in Experimental Animal Center, Xinqiao Hospital, the Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA from April 2008 to April 2009.MATERIALS: A total of 80 male inbred line healthy SD rats of specified-pathogens free class, 4 weeks old, weighing 95-110 g, were randomly assigned into control group (n=40) and shunt operation group (n=40). A shrinking polyethylene blood vessel connector (proximal part inner diameter was 0.6 mm and outer diameter was 0.8 mm, while distal part's was 0.8 mm and 1.0 mm, respectively, 1.6 mm long), was applied.METHODS: Shunt operation group underwent left-to-right shunting through right common carotid artery and external jugular vein connected by shrinking polyethylene blood vessel connector. Control group underwent sham operation. At 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks postoperation, ten models were determined with a series in procedures: hemodynamics detection, pathological sample preparation, hematoxylin-eosin staining, imaging analysis and so on.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Changes in right ventricular systolic pressure, right ventricular hypertrophy index of right ventricle to left ventricle plus interventricular septum, and relative medial wall thickness in moderate sized pulmonary arteries in rats of shunt group and control group.RESULTS: All animal were survived. The pulmonary blood flow in shunt group was significantly higher than control groups (P<0.01). Compared with control group, right ventricular systolic pressure elevated obviously and right ventricular hypertrophy index were significantly higher in shunt group at 12 and 16 weeks (P<0.01). Compared with control group, the relative medial wall thickness in pulmonary arteries also elevated obviously in shunt group at 12 and 16 weeks (P<0.01).CONCLUSION: Left-to-right continuous low-flow shunt in rats can induced right ventricle accommodated with the change of right ventricular systolic pressure and promote chronic pulmonary arterial remodeling continuously. The procedure of establishing left-to-right shunting models with common carotid artery and external jugular vein connection, is a stable tool for studying chronic pulmonary arterial hypertension induced by low flow.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-593689

ABSTRACT

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors(PPAR) belong to the nuclear hormone receptor family.They have been implicated as important regulators of various physiological processes,such as lipid and lipoprotein metabolism and inflammation.This article reviews the structure of PPARs,their activity regulation and ligands and their correlation with lung diseases.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-589304

ABSTRACT

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors(PPAR) are ligand-activated nuclear transcription factors which regulate the expression of many genes.Numbers of researchs indicate PPAR exert anti-inflammatory activities by inhibiting the expression of inflammatory singal transcription passage such as NF-?B,AP-1,STAT,meanwhile preserve from acute lung injury.This review will focus on structure of PPAR and their ligand and activity regulation and antiinflammation mechanism of action and protection to acute lung injury.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-566809

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the roles of the expressions of B cell lymphoma-2 (bcl-2) and Bcl-assosiated X (bax) in the pulmonary vascular remodeling (PVR) of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) secondary to left-right shunt congenital heart disease (CHD).Methods A total of 80 SPF SD rats were randomly divided into 8 groups,shunt groups (SⅠ,SⅡ,SⅢ and SⅣ) and control groups (CⅠ,CⅡ,CⅢ and CⅣ).PAH rat model was established in the shunt groups by left-to-right shutting,and the control groups received sham operation.The rats from Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲ and Ⅳ groups were sacrificed in 4,8,12 and 16 weeks after operation.Mean pulmonary arterial pressure (mPAP) was recorded.Pathologic observations were made to assess pulmonary vascular remodeling.Their lung tissues were detected by in situ hybridization histochemistry (ISHH) technique and Western blotting for bcl-2 and bax.And apoptosis of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PSMCs) and endothelial cells (ECs) were also detected by TUNEL.Results After 12 weeks or 16 weeks shunt,following indexes of the shunt groups were significantly higher than the control groups (P

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-410587

ABSTRACT

Objective In a RCT study, the safety and efficacy of sabot (a slow-release salbuteral) and volmax (controlled-release salbuterol) were compared in bronchial asthma. Methods 40 patients with moderate to severe asthma were randomly divided into two groups and treated by sabot or volmax for 2 weeks. The FEV1%, peak expiratory flow (PEF), symptom score and use of rescue ventolin were measured to evaluate the effect of treatment. Results After treatment FEV1%, PEF and symptom score improved and the need for inhaling short-acting beta 2-agonis in both groups reduced significantly. There was no difference of these improvement between two groups. Conclusion The safety and efficacy of sabot for treatment of asthma was similar to volmax.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-520133

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the activity of interleukin-1? converting enzyme in transplanted intracerebral rat gliomas under angiotensin II-induced hypertension chemotherapy. METHODS: The brain tumor model was produced in Wistar rats by stereotaxic inoculation of C6 glioma cells (1?10 12 /L). Tumor-bearing rats were treated with carmustine, teniposide and lisplatin (chemotherapy) during angiotensin II-induced hypertension. Then, the survival time of tumor-bearing rats, tumor blood flow, the concentration of drug, volume of gliomas and the activity of interleukin-1? converting enzyme in glioma were examined.RESULTS: The survival time of tumor-bearing rats was significantly longer in chemotherapy with angiotensin II-induced hypertension group than that of chemotherapy alone. In addition, regional tumor blood flow, the concentration of chemotherapeutic drug and the activity of interleukin-1? converting enzyme in transplanted rat gliomas were increased, while the volume of gliomas was decreased in hypertention chemotherapy group compared with chemotherapy alone. CONCLUSION: Chemotherapy with angiotensin II-induced hypertension has a enhancing effect on chemotherapy for improving the drug delivery to tumor tissue by a increased tumor blood flow and enhancing activity of interleukin-1? converting enzyme.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-516897

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the mechanism of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on vascular endothelial cell(VEC) damage. METHODS: By using cytometry techniques, we studied the effects of LPS on apoptosis of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro . RESULTS: LPS was able to induce apoptosis of HUVECs in a time-dose-dependent fashion.CONCLUSION:Apoptosis might play a role in LPS-induced damage of vascular endothelial cells.

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