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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703253


Objective To investigate the effects of 2, 2, 6, 6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinol (tempol) on NF-κB signaling pathway of myocardial hypertrophy in rats. Methods The rat model of myocardial hypertrophy was established by intraperitoneal injection of isoprenaline (ISO) (5 mg/kg, twice per day, 2 weeks). A total of 42 male SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups, including the control group, myocardial hypertrophy model group (ISO + sterile saline) and tempol treatment group (ISO + tempol) [tempol 100 mg/ (kg·d), 8 weeks]. Eight weeks after the corresponding drug intervention, the heart weight index (HWI) and left ventricular weight index (LVWI) were determined. Morphology and fibrosis of the myocardium were observed by HE staining, and the myocardial fibrosis of the rats was observed by Masson staining. The mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in the rat myocardial tissues were detected by qRT-PCR, and the expression levels of IκBα, p-p65 and p65 were detected by Western blot. Results Compared with the control group, the HWI and LVMI, mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-6, and expression of p-p65/p65 in the model group were significantly increased (P< 0. 05), while the expression level of IκBα, an NF-κB inhibitory protein was significantly decreased (P<0. 05). The pathological examination of the myocardial tissues showed thickening and disordered arrangement of myocardial fibers, and increased cross-sectional area of the myocardial fibers. The pathology by Masson staining showed aggravated myocardial fibrosis and increased collagen fibers in the myocardial interstitium. Compared with the model group, the HWI and LVMI, the mRNA levels of TNF-α and IL-6, and the expression of p- p65/p65 of the tempol group were significantly decreased (P< 0. 05), while the expression level of IκBα was significantly increased (P< 0. 05). HE staining showed that the degrees of myocardial disarrangement and cardiomyocyte hypertrophy were decreased. Meanwhile, Masson staining showed that the extent of myocardial fibrosis was reduced, and the interstitial collagen fibers were decreased. Conclusions Tempol can improve the isoprenaline-induced myocardial hypertrophy, which may be closely related with the inhibition of the activity of NF-κB signaling pathway.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607432


Objective To investigate the use of chitin derivatives-carboxylation chitosan immediate separation feasibility of PLT preparation,and to look for a new direction in separation feasibility of blood components.Methods 40 samples of blood donors were divided into the experimental group,natural sedimentation control group and centrifugal control group randomLy in Dalian.2 mL of whole blood were mixed with different concentrations of carboxylation chitosan which were diluted by blood preservation solution Ⅱ by according to the ratio of 1 ∶4.plasma precipitation amount were surveyed after 4 hours,with numbers of red blood cells,white blood cell and platelet,PLT aggregation and the changes of red blood cell morphology were observed.Finally,suitable amount of MAP were added into the optimal chitosan in preservation,and hemolysis of red blood cells were tested in 35 days.Results Suitable amount of chitin experimental group blood sedimentation rate were significantly faster than static device control group,and plasma remaining trace red blood cells,PLT-rich,and 35 days no obvious hemolysis.Conclusion carboxylation chitosan could be used in PLT preparation.

Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 223-225, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413897


Objective To observe the expressions of serum insulin-like growth factor (IGF)- Ⅰ ,Ⅱ and IGF binding protein (IGFBP) 3, 5 and to explore the clinical significances in patients with clear cell carcinoma of kidney. Methods Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods were adopted to examine serum expressions of IGF-Ⅰ , Ⅱ and IGFBP 3, 5 in 40 cases with clear cell carcinoma of kidney (renal carcinoma group) and 16 cases with hydronephrosis (control group) from May 2007 to December 2009. Results IGF- Ⅰ , Ⅱ and IGFBP 3,5 in renal carcinoma showed higher expressions before operation (985. 7 μg/L, 1154.0 μg/L,46.6 μg/L and 9.6 μg/L, respectively)than after operation (431.4 μg/L, 632.6 μg/L, 26.7 μg/L, and 6.7 μg/L, respectively, all P<0. 05 ~0.01). There were no significant differences in those indexes between pre- and post- operation in control group (P> 0. 05). Conclusions There are high expressions of serum IGF-Ⅰ , Ⅱ and IGFBP 3, 5 in renal carcinoma patients, and IGF- Ⅱ has clinical significance in diagnosis.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-574618


AIM: An effective and convenient method was established for HPLC fingerprints of Ciwujia Injection (Radix et Rhizoma seucaulis acanthopanacis senticost) which provided an approach for quality control in production. METHODS: Komasil-C_(18) column, phase A: 0.2% formic acid, phase B: 35% Acetonitrile, eluted with a gradient program and detected at 270 nm. The fingerprints of extraction from crude herbs, intermediate and finished product were compared. RESULTS: The fingerprint method for Ciwujia Injection was established. The similarity of 10 batches of Ciwujia Injection was not lower than 0.977. Obvious difference was carried on among the extraction from crude herbs, intermediate and finished product. CONCLUSION: This validated method is available for quality evaluation and quality control in Ciwujia Injection's production.