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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912114

ABSTRACT

Objective:To express virus-like particles of poliovirus type 2 (PV2-VLP) in insect cells using a recombinant baculovirus expressing P1 and 3CD and to preliminarily evaluate its immunogenicity.Methods:Based on the codon preference of High 5 cells, the sequences of P1 gene and 3CD gene of PV2 were optimized and inserted into pUC57-Amp to construct pUC57-PV2-P1 and pUC57-PV2-3CD. UC57-PV2-P1s mutant that carried P1 gene mutation affecting thermostability was then constructed. Recombinant baculovirus strains of rBac-PV2-P1s-3CD and rBac-PV2-P1-3CD (wild type) were constructed using homologous recombination. The expression of target proteins was detected by Western blot. PV2-VLP was purified by ion exchange chromatography. The structure of VLP was observed under transmission electron microscopy to evaluate the assembly efficiency. The immunogenicity of PV2-VLP was assessed in a rat model.Results:The recombinant baculovirus with stable expression of P1s and 3CD proteins was successfully constructed. Western blot results showed that the yield of VLP was higher after thermostability mutation than that of the wild type. A three-dimensional structure with a diameter of about 30 nm was observed under electron microscopy, indicating that the VLP was successfully assembled. Animal experiment showed that the recombinant PV2-VLP had immunogenicity and could effectively induce the production of neutralizing antibodies.Conclusions:Effective VLP vaccines could be successfully prepared using the insect cell-baculovirus expression system, which provided reference for the development of polio VLP vaccine.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909205

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the relationship between red cell distribution width (RDW) and disease severity in patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction.Methods:Seventy patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction who received treatment in Chaozhou People's Hospital from June 2019 to June 2020 were included in the observation group. An additional 70 patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction who concurrently received treatment in the same hospital were included in the control group. All patients underwent electrocardiography and blood biochemical index examination. RDW was compared between the observation and control groups. The relationship between RDW and the severity of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction was analyzed.Results:RDW in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [(14.60 ± 1.00) % vs. (13.06 ± 1.70) %, t = 5.884, P = 0.012). The detection rate of coronary artery thrombosis in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [70.00% (49/70) vs. 50.00% (35/70), χ2 = 7.563, P = 0.002]. In the observation group, the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve plotted taking RDW as the variable was 0.649 (95% CI 0.546-0.753, P = 0.006). When the critical value of RDW was 14%, the sensitivity and specificity of RDW in the prediction of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction were 73% and 59% respectively. RDW was positively correlated with cardiac troponin I level ( r = 0.19, P = 0.006). Conclusion:In patients with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction, the increase in RDW is related to myocardial injury and the increase in cardiac troponin I level. RDW can be used as an effective index to predict the severity of non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 385-387, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885027

ABSTRACT

In this study, sonography video urodynamic studies (SVUDS), which combined synchronically urodynamic studies with trans-perineal and trans-abdominal sonography, were used to detect female bladder outlet obstruction (FBOO). The dynamic changes of urethra and surrounding pelvic floor structure during storage and voiding phase were observed by SVUDS and the causes of FBOO were analyzed. And the findings were as follows: 13 patients showed organ prolapse, there was an urethral angulation deformity during urination; 5 cases had abnormal urination as the urethral opening was not good in the middle of urination period; 4 cases had urethral stricture, as the proximal end of the obstruction dilated during urination, and the obstruction site showed no relaxation; 1 case had primary bladder neck obstruction with an incomplete opening of the bladder neck during urination; 3 cases had idiopathic bladder outlet obstruction and the sphincter of bladder neck and urethra opened well during urination.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884807

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT metabolic parameters for occult lymph node metastasis (OLM) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Methods:A total of 183 patients (72 males, 111 females; age (61.5±8.4) years) who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT and preoperatively diagnosed with clinical N0 stage (cN0) in Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2013 to December 2018 were retrospectively enrolled. All patients underwent anatomical pulmonary resection with systematic lymph node dissections within 3 weeks after 18F-FDG PET/CT examinations. According to the presence or absence of lymph node metastasis, patients were divided into OLM positive (OLM+ ) group and OLM negative (OLM-) group. Parameters of primary lesions, such as the maximum diameter (D max), tumor sites, morphological features, maximum standardized uptake value (SUV max), mean standardized uptake value (SUV mean), metabolic total volume (MTV), total lesion glycolysis (TLG), tumor SUV max to liver SUV mean (TLR max), tumor TLG to liver SUV mean (TLR TLG) were analyzed. Mann-Whitney U test and χ2 test were used to compare the parameters between groups. Multivariable logistic regression was used to analyze the independent risk factors for OLM. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of different parameters. Results:Among 183 patients, 25 (13.7%, 25/183) of them were diagnosed as OLM. In OLM+ group, 46 lymph nodes were pathologically positive for metastasis, including 15 N1 disease and 31 N2 disease. D max (2.9(2.3, 3.7) vs 2.3(1.7, 2.8) cm), lobulation ((76.0%(19/25) vs 37.3%(59/158)), SUV max (11.1(7.9, 17.7) vs 4.7(2.3, 9.2)), TLG (41.5(10.2, 91.1) vs 15.6(6.5, 23.8) ml), TLR max (4.7(3.5, 7.6) vs 2.1(0.9, 4.0)) and TLR TLG (18.1(5.0, 44.3) vs 6.1(3.0, 11.4) ml) of the primary lesions in OLM+ group were significantly higher than those in OLM-group ( z values: from -4.709 to -3.247, χ2=13.190, all P<0.05). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that TLR max (odds ratio ( OR)=15.145, 95% CI: 3.381-67.830, P<0.001) and D max ( OR=3.220, 95% CI: 1.192-8.701, P=0.021) were independent risk factors for OLM. TLR max yielded the highest area under curve (AUC; AUC=0.794) with the threshold of 3.12, and the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value for predicting OLM were 92.0%(23/25), 63.3%(100/158), 67.2%(123/183), 28.4%(23/81) and 98.0%(100/102), respectively. Conclusions:TLR max of tumor is the independent risk factor for OLM in NSCLC patients. TLR max can sensitively predict OLM preoperatively in patients with NSCLC.

5.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 309-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876691

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of microvascular invasion (MVI) on prognosis of recipients after liver transplantation for primary liver cancer (liver cancer). Methods Clinical data of 177 recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer were retrospectively analyzed. All patients were divided into the MVI-positive group (n=64) and MVI-negative group (n=113) according to postoperative pathological examination results. Clinical data were statistically compared of all recipients between the negative and positive MVI groups. The prognosis and risk factors of liver transplantation recipients for liver cancer were analyzed. Results Among 177 recipients, 64 cases (36.2%) were positive for MVI and 113 (63.8%) negative for MVI. Compared with the MVI-negative recipients, MVI-positive recipients had significantly lower degree of tumor differentiation, higher preoperative alpha-fetaprotein (AFP) level, larger maximal tumor diameter, a larger quantity of tumors, more satellite lesions and more recipients who did not meet the Milan criteria (all P < 0.05). The 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer were 80.2%, 62.1%, 58.5% and 66.3%, 57.5%, 51.2%, respectively. The 1-, 3- and 5-year OS and RFS of MVI-positive recipients were 70%, 39%, 35% and 53%, 39%, 33%, significantly lower than 86%, 75%, 72% and 73%, 68%, 63% of their counterparts negative for MVI (all P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that the maximal tumor diameter >8 cm, preoperative AFP level ≥20 ng/mL, low degree of tumor differentiation and positive MVI were the independent risk factors for OS of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer (all P < 0.05). Positive MVI, low degree of tumor differentiation and preoperative down-staging failure were the independent risk factors for RFS of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer (all P < 0.05). Conclusions MVI is of significant clinical value in predicting clinical prognosis of recipients after liver transplantation for liver cancer.

6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 406-419, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881144

ABSTRACT

Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is a common kidney malignancy characterized by a poor prognosis. Suppressor of variegation 3-9 homolog 1 (

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869198

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the value of standardized uptake value of the left ventricle (SUV LV) during 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET/CT imaging in the detection of the cardiotoxicity of anthracycline in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Methods:Twenty-two patients(13 males and 9 females, age: ( 58±13 ) years) diagnosed as NHL from January 2016 to June 2019 were retrospectively enrolled in the study. All patients received chemotherapy regimens containing anthracycline. The gated myocardial perfusion imaging (GMPI) and whole body 18F-FDG PET/CT imaging were performed before and after chemotherapy in Changzhou First People′s Hospital. The significant reduction of diastolic function after chemotherapy measured by GMPI was defined as anthracycline induced myocardial injury. The SUV LV before and after chemotherapy and the changes (ΔSUV LV ) in patients with or without myocardial injury were compared with independent-sample t test or paired t test. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine whether SUV LV could be used to detect anthracycline induced myocardial injury. Results:The reduction of LVEF after chemotherapy was more significant in myocardial injury group ( n=6) than that in patients without myocardial injury ( n=16; ΔLVEF: (-5.8±7.5)% vs (2.7±3.8)%, t=2.657, P<0.05). After chemotherapy, an increase was found in SUV LV of patients with myocardial injury (maximum SUV LV (SUV LVmax): 7.5±4.4 vs 2.6±1.0, t=2.585, P<0.05; mean SUV LV (SUV LVmean): 3.7±2.2 vs 1.6±0.8, t=2.119, P>0.05), but no differences were found in SUV LV of patients without myocardial injury (SUV LVmax: 5.7±4.9 vs 5.6±4.8, SUV LVmean : 2.8±2.3 vs 2.8±2.2; t values: 0.130, 0.069, both P>0.05). Compared with patients without myocardial injury, patients with myocardial injury had higher ΔSUV LV ( t values: 2.494, 2.163, both P<0.05) and lower pre-chemotherapy SUV LVmax ( t=2.436, P<0.05). ROC curve analysis showed that ΔSUV LVmax and ΔSUV LVmean could be used for the detection of chemotherapy induced cardiotoxicity, and higher area under curve (AUC) of ΔSUV LVmaxwas found (AUC=0.844, 95% CI: 0.673-1.000). When the threshold value was 1.1, the sensitivity and specificity of ΔSUV LVmax in the detection of myocardial injury were 5/6 and 13/16, respectively. Conclusions:Higher ΔSUV LVmax and ΔSUV LVmean, as well as lower baseline SUV LVmax are correlated with cardiotoxicity of anthracycline. ΔSUV LVmax has a potential for the diagnosis of anthracycline induced cardiotoxicity in patients with NHL.

8.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 1173-1178, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868383

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of 18F-deoxyglucose (FDG) PET and high resolution CT (HRCT) combined prediction model in the identification of invasiveness of early lung adenocarcinoma with consolidation-to-tumor ratio (CTR)≤0.5. Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on 91 patients with early lung adenocarcinoma with CTR≤0.5 who underwent PET/CT and HRCT before surgery in the Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from October 2011 to October 2019, including 110 ground-glass nodules (GGNs). According to the pathological subtypes, they were divided into preinvasive-minimally invasive adenocarcinoma (MIA) group ( n=22) and invasive adenocarcinoma (IAC) group ( n=88). The image feature parameters of GGNs of the two groups were compared, and the HRCT model and PET-HRCT combined model were constructed using Logistic regression analysis. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to compare the diagnostic efficacy of different models. The Bootstrap resampling (times = 500) method was used for internal verification of the model, and we also performed interaction and hierarchical analysis on the model. Results:The proportions of mixed GGN, irregular shape, lobulation sign, dilated/distorted/cutoff bronchial sign, pleural indentation and vascular convergence in IAC group were significantly higher than those in preinvasive-MIA group (all P<0.05). Nodule diameter, solid component diameter, solid component ratio, CT value of ground glass attenuation component (CT GGO), and SUVindex of the IAC group were larger than those of the preinvasive-MIA group, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.001). Among the quantitative parameters of HRCT, CT GGO had the best diagnostic efficacy (AUC=0.775), with a sensitivity of 0.580 and a specificity of 0.909. The diagnostic efficacy of HRCT model and PET-HRCT combined model were better than CT GGO (AUC: 0.907 vs. 0.775, 0.931 vs. 0.775; P=0.027, 0.002, respectively), but the diagnostic efficacy of the former two was not statistically different ( P=0.210).When the specificity was 0.909, the sensitivity of the HRCT model and the PET-HRCT model (0.784 and 0.875, respectively) were significantly higher than that of the CT GGO (0.580), and the combined PET-HRCT model had a more significant increase in sensitivity. The PET-HRCT combined model showed no significant interaction between different nodule types, between groups with or without pleural indentation, and among nodule diameter subgroups (all P>0.05). Conclusion:PET-HRCT combined model has a good predictive value for the invasiveness of early lung adenocarcinoma with CTR≤0.5, and it can be used for GGN risk stratification to guide clinical decision-making.

9.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 48-52, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868254

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) in the treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).Methods:A study was conducted on 25 patients consisting of 10 males and 15 females with CTEPH who received BPA treatment from February 2017 to May 2018 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University. The changes of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), tricuspid annulus systolic plane excursion (TAPSE), six-minute walking test (6WMD), right ventricular basement diameter and WHO cardiac function grading were compared before and after treatment with BPA using paired t test. Results:Twenty-five patients received a total of 50 BPA treatments, and among them, 12 patients received two or more times. The mPAP decreased from (50.4±9.9) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (39.9±10.6) mmHg before and after operation, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=9.7, P<0.001); BNP decreased from (513.5±357.3) pg/ml to (106.3±137.53) pg/ml, and the difference was significant ( t=3.2, P=0.006); TAPSE increased from (16.2±2.8) mm to (18.0±2.4) mm, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=-5.7, P=0.002); the right ventricular base diameter decreased from (45.9±6.9) mm to (41.2±7.3) mm, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=5.6, P<0.001); 6WMD increased from (371.1±86.8) m to (467.7±76.1) m, with statistical significance ( t=-6.4, P<0.001); WHO cardiac function grading was improved from (2.4±0.7) to (1.2±0.4) after surgery, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.8, P=0.021). Pulmonary artery injury occurred in 3 patients and 2 patients had hemoptysis.The hemoptysis was stopped after arterial embolization. No other complications such as pulmonary edema occurred. Conclusion:BPA may improve clinical status and hemodynamics of patients with CTEPH, which offers an alternative approach of treatment in patients with inoperable CTEPH.

10.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 599-604, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of flexible ureteroscopic lithotripsy (FURL) and NTrap ureteroscopic lithotripsy (NTrapURL) in the treatment of upper ureteral calculi.Methods:A retrospective analysis of the case data of 243 patients undergoing unilateral upper ureteral calculi lithotripsy admitted to the First Hospital of China Medical University from January 2012 to March 2018 were divided into two groups according to different treatment methods: FURL group ( n=74) and NTrapURL group ( n=169). Patients in the FURL group were treated with FURL, and patients in the NTrapURL group were treated with NTrapURL. Operation time, intraoperative stone moving up, postoperative meaningless residual stone, postoperative hospitalstay, stone-free rate, short-term complications (including pain, hematuria, fever) and long-term complications (including ureteral stenosis) were recorded, two surgical methods were analyzed. The measurement data conforming to the normal distribution were expressed as mean±standard deviation ( Mean± SD), and the independent sample t-test was used for comparison between groups; the measurement data of non-normal distribution were expressed as the median (interquartile range) [ M( P25, P75)] means that the non-parametric rank sum test of independent samples was used for comparison between groups; the Chi-square test or Fisher exact probability method was used for the comparison of count data between groups, and the nonparametric rank sum test of ordinal variables was used for grade data. Results:There was not statistically significant difference between the operation time of patients in the FURL group and the NTrapURL group [(31.08±13.29) min vs (33.49±12.10) min]( P=0.582). There was no difference in short-term complications (pain: 43.24% vs 50.30%, fever: 1.35% vs 3.55%, hematuria: 31.08% vs 23.67%) and long-term complications (0 vs 3.55%) in the FURL group and NTrapURL group, there was not statistically significant difference ( P>0.05); the postoperative hospital stay of patients in the FURL group and NTrapURL group [(2.34±0.96) d vs (2.21±0.88) d], the difference was not statistically significant ( P>0.05); The intraoperative stone movement rate of FURL group was significantly higher than that of the NTrapURL group (87.84% vs 18.93%), and the difference was statistically significant ( P<0.001); the first stone clearance rate of the FURL group was higher than that of the NTrapURL group (94.59% vs 81.07%), the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.006); the postoperative insignificant residual stone rate in the FURL group was significantly higher than that in the NTrapURL group (31.08% vs 18.34%), and the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.043). Conclusion:FURL and NTrapURL are safe and effective in the treatment of upper ureteral calculi, but FURL has a higher stone-free in the treatment of upper ureteral calculi.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 48-52, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798791

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) in the treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH).@*Methods@#A study was conducted on 25 patients consisting of 10 males and 15 females with CTEPH who received BPA treatment from February 2017 to May 2018 in Beijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical University. The changes of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP), tricuspid annulus systolic plane excursion (TAPSE), six-minute walking test (6WMD), right ventricular basement diameter and WHO cardiac function grading were compared before and after treatment with BPA using paired t test.@*Results@#Twenty-five patients received a total of 50 BPA treatments, and among them, 12 patients received two or more times. The mPAP decreased from (50.4±9.9) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) to (39.9±10.6) mmHg before and after operation, and the difference was statistically significant (t=9.7, P<0.001); BNP decreased from (513.5±357.3) pg/ml to (106.3±137.53) pg/ml, and the difference was significant (t=3.2, P=0.006); TAPSE increased from (16.2±2.8) mm to (18.0±2.4) mm, and the difference was statistically significant (t=-5.7, P=0.002); the right ventricular base diameter decreased from (45.9±6.9) mm to (41.2±7.3) mm, and the difference was statistically significant (t=5.6, P<0.001); 6WMD increased from (371.1±86.8) m to (467.7±76.1) m, with statistical significance (t=-6.4, P<0.001); WHO cardiac function grading was improved from (2.4±0.7) to (1.2±0.4) after surgery, and the difference was statistically significant (t=2.8, P=0.021). Pulmonary artery injury occurred in 3 patients and 2 patients had hemoptysis.The hemoptysis was stopped after arterial embolization. No other complications such as pulmonary edema occurred.@*Conclusion@#BPA may improve clinical status and hemodynamics of patients with CTEPH, which offers an alternative approach of treatment in patients with inoperable CTEPH.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871277

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a new method based on neuraminidase (NA) activity for detec-ting virus titers of cell culture-based influenza vaccines and preliminarily analyze its application.Methods:Reaction conditions including the substrate concentration for enzymatic reaction, stop solution, the number of initially infected target cells and cell lysis buffer were optimized. The titers of cell culture-based influenza vaccine strains were detected by the established method and the results were compared with those by the traditional viral titration test.Results:The optimal substrate concentration for enzymatic reaction was 25 μmol/L, and the optimal stop solution was 0.2 mol/L Na 2CO 3. In the detection of NA activity in infected cells, the maximum relative fluorescence value was obtained by infecting 4×10 4 cells/well with influenza virus for 48 h and using 0.5% TritonX-100 for lysis. The developed method showed no significant differences with the traditional virus titration test in detecting the titers of four batches of influenza vaccine virus strains ( P>0.05), indicating that the two methods had a good consistency. Conclusions:This study established a new method based on NA activity to detect virus titers of cell culture-based influenza vaccines. The method could be used for the detection of virus strains used in the production of cell cultured-based influenza vaccines.

13.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 790-797, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870887

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the efficacy and safety of cinepazide maleate injection in the treatment of patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods:A multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase Ⅳ clinical trial, led by Peking Union Medical College Hospital, was conducted in 65 Hospitals in China. The efficacy of cinepazide maleate injection in patients with acute anterior circulation cerebral infarction with onset time of ≤48 hours, 7≤National Institute of Health stroke scale (NIHSS) score ≤25 was assessed from August 2016 to February 2019, using the proportion of modified Rankin scale (mRS) score≤1 and Barthel index (BI) score≤95 on day 14 as efficacy endpoint. The patients were divided into treatment group who were treated with cinepazide maleate injection and control group who were treated with placebo.Results:A total 937 patients were involved in the final efficacy analysis (466 in treatment group and 471 in control group). The proportion of subjects with mRS score≤1 on day 14 after treatment were higher in the treatment group than that in the control group (102/466(21.89%) vs76/471(16.14%)). Logistic regression analysis showed that patients treated with cinepazide maleate were significantly more likely to have a favorable outcome (mRS score≤1) than patients treated with placebo on day 14 ( OR=0.677, 95% CI 0.484-0.948 , P=0.023), and patients treated with cinepazide maleate were more likely to reach independence in activities of daily living (Barthel Index ≥95) than those treated with placebo on day 14 (125/466(26.82%) vs 91/471(19.32%); OR=0.632, 95% CI0.459-0.869, P=0.005). The rate of adverse events was similar between the treatment and control groups. Conclusion:The 14-day treatment with cinepazide maleate injection could reduce the degree of disability whereas did not increase the risk of adverse events.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 324-334, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774983

ABSTRACT

Histone lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) has been implicated in the disease progression of several types of solid tumors. This study provides the first evidence showing that LSD1 overexpression occurred in 62.6% (224/358) of clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC). LSD1 expression was associated with the progression of ccRCC, as indicated by TNM stage (=0.006), especially tumor stage (=0.017) and lymph node metastasis (=0.030). High LSD1 expression proved to be an independent prognostic factor for poor overall survival (<0.001) and recurrence-free survival (<0.001) of ccRCC patients. We further show that LSD1 inhibition by siRNA knockdown or using the small molecule inhibitor SP2509 suppressed the growth of ccRCC and . Mechanistically, inhibition of LSD1 decreased the H3K4 demethylation at the gene promoter, which was associated with P21 upregulation and cell cycle arrest at G1/S in ccRCC cells. Our findings provide new mechanistic insights into the role of LSD1 in ccRCC and suggest the therapeutic potential of LSD1 inhibitors in ccRCC treatment.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799914

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effect of activated carbon on the purification of formaldehyde in the clean workshop return air purification device and its influencing factors.@*Methods@#From May to June 2018, choosed 4 different commercial activated carbons (bamboo charcoal, 1-3 mm, 3-5 mm; coconut shell charcoal, 6-12 mesh, 8-16 mesh) to make 5 types of activated carbon purification net. In the simulated clean plant laboratory, the detection of occupational disease hazards was used to test the purification effect of different types of activated carbon purification nets on formaldehyde.@*Results@#The purification effect of different types of activated carbon increased with the prolongation of purification time, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . Compared with other types of activated carbon, coconut shell charcoal (8-16 mesh, double layer) had the best purification effect, 15 min and 30 min purification efficiency was 58.72% and 85.20% respectively, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . The purification effect of double-layer coconut shell charcoal was better than single layer (P<0.05) . The purification effect of double-layer coconut shell charcoal (8-16 mesh) was better than double-layer coconut shell charcoal (6-12 mesh) , the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05) . Coconut shell charcoal (8-16 mesh, double layer) had better purification effect than bamboo charcoal (P<0.05) .@*Conclusion@#Different specific surface area, particle size, and thickness of activated carbon have a certain effect on the purification effect of formaldehyde, and its selection has a certain significance in improving the occupational health protection level in the clean plant, solving the safe use of return air and reducing energy consumption.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798007

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the cardiac hemodynamics and function before and after balloon pulmonary angioplasty (BPA) treatment in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) using echocardiography, and to discuss the clinical value of the treatment.@*Methods@#A total of 36 CTEPH patients with medium-high risk stratification underwent BPA during the period of September 2016 to January 2019 in Beijing Chao-Yang Hospital, Capital Medical University were recruited. The following conventional echocardiographic parameters including right ventricular basal diameter (RVD), left ventricular basal diameter (LVD), right atrial diameter (RAD), left atrial diameter (LAD), main pulmonary artery diameter (DMPA), left ventricular eccentricity index (LVEI), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) were recorded.Echocardiographic parameters of right ventricular (RV) function including tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), right ventricular fractional area change (RVFAC), tissue Doppler–derived tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity (S′), RV index of myocardial performance (RIMP) and right ventricular free wall longitudinal strain (GLS) were measured. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the threshold value of postoperative SPAP of 50 mmHg (group Ⅰ: SPAP ≤ 50 mmHg, group Ⅱ: SPAP>50 mmHg). Changes between each parameter before and after BPA were analyzed.@*Results@#①The frequency of BPA treatment for CTEPH patients ranged from 1 to 6 times. After BPA treatment, SPAP decreased significantly, and the measurements of RV function including TAPSE, RVFAC, RIMP and GLS improved significantly (all P<0.05). ②Patients in group Ⅰ showed significantly better RV function including TAPSE, RVFAC and GLS compared with group Ⅱ before BPA (P<0.05). ③Univariate logistic regression showed that parameters of preoperative RV function TAPSE, RVFAC and GLS had certain effects on the curative effect of interventional surgery.@*Conclusions@#Echocardiography can evaluate the hemodynamics and RV function in CTEPH patients with BPA.After BPA, pulmonary artery pressure decreases and RV function improves to some extent, suggesting that the treatment of BPA has certain clinical application and popularization value.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796724

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the left ventricular systolic synchrony and investigate the early diagnostic value of left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony on cardiotoxicity caused by anthracyclines in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*Methods@#Thirty-two patients (22 males, 10 females, age: 22-73(54.4±14.2) years) from June 2016 to January 2019 with confirmed DLBCL and normal gated myocardial perfusion imaging (GMPI) before anthracyclines chemotherapy were enrolled prospectively. GMPI was performed after 6 cycles or more of chemotherapy. Changes of myocardial markers, electrocardiogram (ECG) indicators, left ventricular function indicators including left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), left ventricular end-systolic volume (LVESV), peak filling rate (PFR), summed motion score (SMS) and summed thickening score (STS) as well as left ventricular systolic synchrony indicators including phase bandwidth (BW), phase standard deviation (SD) and entropy before and after anthracyclines chemotherapy were analyzed. Paired t test, Wilcoxon signed rank test and χ2 test were used for data analysis.@*Results@#Compared with pre-chemotherapy, the left ventricular systolic synchrony indicators were significantly higher than those before chemotherapy (BW: (42.81±11.37)° vs (29.28±8.68)°; SD: (11.65±4.64)° vs (8.79±3.14)°; entropy: (39.84±5.51)% vs (36.19±5.94)%; t values: -9.132 to -3.173, all P<0.05). There were no significant differences in other indicators (t values: -1.161 to 1.750, z values: -1.633 to -0.096, all P>0.05). Of 32 patients, 13 patients (40.62%) had left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony, and the rate of chemotherapy-induced left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony was significantly higher than that of left ventricular dysfunction (15.62%, 5/32; χ2=4.947, P=0.025). All 5 patients with left ventricular dysfunction caused by chemotherapy had left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony. The LVEF of the chemotherapy-induced left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony group was significantly lower than that of the left ventricular systolic synchronization group ((54.54±9.25)% vs (66.79±7.65)%; t=4.087, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony can be appeared in DLBCL patients after chemotherapy and is significantly earlier than left ventricular dysfunction, which can be an early indicator of cardiotoxicity caused by anthracycline chemotherapy.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791566

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the left ventricular systolic synchrony and investigate the early diagnostic value of left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony on cardiotoxicity caused by anthracyclines in pa-tients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma ( DLBCL) . Methods Thirty-two patients ( 22 males, 10 females, age:22-73(54.4±14.2) years) from June 2016 to January 2019 with confirmed DLBCL and normal gated myocardial perfusion imaging (GMPI) before anthracyclines chemotherapy were enrolled prospectively. GMPI was performed after 6 cycles or more of chemotherapy. Changes of myocardial markers, electrocardiogram (ECG) indicators, left ventricular function indicators including left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular end-diastolic volume ( LVEDV) , left ventricular end-systolic volume ( LVESV) , peak filling rate ( PFR) , summed motion score ( SMS) and summed thickening score ( STS) as well as left ventricular systolic synchrony indicators including phase bandwidth ( BW) , phase standard deviation ( SD) and entropy before and after anthracyclines chemotherapy were analyzed. Paired t test, Wilcoxon signed rank test and χ2 test were used for data analysis. Results Compared with pre-chemotherapy, the left ventricular systolic synchrony indicators were significantly higher than those before chemotherapy (BW: (42.81±11.37)° vs (29.28±8. 68)°;SD:(11.65±4.64)° vs (8.79±3.14)°;entropy:(39.84±5.51)% vs (36.19±5.94)%;t values: -9.132 to-3.173, all P<0.05) . There were no significant differences in other indicators ( t values:-1.161 to 1.750, z values:-1.633 to-0.096, all P>0.05). Of 32 patients, 13 patients (40.62%) had left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony, and the rate of chemotherapy-induced left ventricular systolic dyssynchro-ny was significantly higher than that of left ventricular dysfunction (15.62%, 5/32;χ2=4.947, P=0.025). All 5 patients with left ventricular dysfunction caused by chemotherapy had left ventricular systolic dyssyn-chrony. The LVEF of the chemotherapy-induced left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony group was significantly lower than that of the left ventricular systolic synchronization group ((54.54±9.25)% vs (66.79±7.65)%;t=4.087, P<0.01) . Conclusion Left ventricular systolic dyssynchrony can be appeared in DLBCL patients after chemotherapy and is significantly earlier than left ventricular dysfunction, which can be an early indi-cator of cardiotoxicity caused by anthracycline chemotherapy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-791289

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the cardiac hemodynamics and function before and after balloon pulmonary angioplasty ( BPA ) treatment in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension ( CTEPH) using echocardiography ,and to discuss the clinical value of the treatment . Methods A total of 36 CT EPH patients with medium‐high risk stratification underwent BPA during the period of September 2016 to January 2019 in Beijing Chao‐Yang Hospital ,Capital M edical University were recruited . T he following conventional echocardiographic parameters including right ventricular basal diameter ( RVD ) ,left ventricular basal diameter ( LVD) ,right atrial diameter ( RAD) ,left atrial diameter ( LAD) ,main pulmonary artery diameter ( DM PA ) , left ventricular eccentricity index ( LVEI ) , left ventricular ejection fraction ( LVEF) and pulmonary artery systolic pressure ( PASP ) were recorded .Echocardiographic parameters of right ventricular ( RV ) function including tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion ( T APSE ) , right ventricular fractional area change ( RVFAC ) ,tissue Doppler – derived tricuspid lateral annular systolic velocity ( S′) ,RV index of myocardial performance ( RIM P ) and right ventricular free wall longitudinal strain ( GLS) were measured . T he patients were divided into 2 groups according to the threshold value of postoperative SPAP of 50 mmHg (group Ⅰ :SPAP ≤ 50 mmHg ,group Ⅱ :SPAP>50 mmHg) . Changes between each parameter before and after BPA were analyzed . Results ① T he frequency of BPA treatment for CT EPH patients ranged from 1 to 6 times . After BPA treatment ,SPAP decreased significantly ,and the measurements of RV function including T APSE ,RVFAC ,RIM P and GLS improved significantly ( all P <0 .05) . ②Patients in group Ⅰ showed significantly better RV function including T APSE ,RVFAC and GLS compared with group Ⅱ before BPA ( P <0 .05) . ③Univariate logistic regression showed that parameters of preoperative RV function T APSE , RVFAC and GLS had certain effects on the curative effect of interventional surgery . Conclusions Echocardiography can evaluate the hemodynamics and RV function in CT EPH patients with BPA .After BPA ,pulmonary artery pressure decreases and RV function improves to some extent ,suggesting that the treatment of BPA has certain clinical application and popularization value .

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-805116

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To effectively reduce the concentration of poisons in cleanroom, protect the health of workers, realize the optimization and automatic control of the new return air device. And the influence of initial concentration, air volume, temperature and relative humidity of formaldehyde on the purification effect of the new return air device was explored.@*Methods@#The purification effect of the new return air device installed with the activated carbon and the photocatalyst purification net or ordinary activated carbon purification network was tested in a 60 m3 simulated cleanroom. The concentration of formaldehyde was determined by solution absorption-phenol reagent spectrophotometry. Based on the single factor experiment to determine the combination of two purification nets. The effects of air volume, initial formaldehyde concentration, temperature and relative humidity on the purification effect of the new return air device were investigated by orthogonal test. Then, the performance parameters of the return air device to purify formaldehyde were determined.@*Results@#The formaldehyde purification efficiency of the two types of purification nets in the new return air device was higher than that of the ordinary activated carbon purification network (P<0.05) . The combination of activated carbon and photocatalyst purification net has no effect on the formaldehyde purification efficiency of the return air device (P>0.05) . According to the direct analysis and variance analysis, air volume was the most sensitive factor (F value is 18.894, P<0.05) , followed by initial concentration (F value is 16.128, P<0.05) , while temperature and relative humidity have little effect (F value is 0.041 and 0.599, respectively, P>0.05) . LSD analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the purification efficiency of formaldehyde between 475 m3/h and 626 m3/h (P>0.05) . From the perspective of formaldehyde purification efficiency and energy saving, when the air volume is set to 475 m3/h, the new return air device has higher purification efficiency for high concentration of formaldehyde.@*Conclusion@#The new return air device consisting of activated carbon and photocatalyst purification net can play a good purification role in cleanroom with different temperatures and different humidity. Its formaldehyde purification efficiency is affected by air volume and initial concentration.

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