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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 148-151, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973380

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of nosocomial Escherichia coli infection and risk factors of ESBLs-producing Escherichia coli infection in children, and to provide scientific basis for better prevention of nosocomial Escherichia coli infection in children. Methods A total of 169 children with nosocomial infection hospitalized in Handan Regional Children's Hospital from January 2020 to December 2020 were selected by random sampling method. After specimen collection, bacteria were identified by VitEK-32 identification system , and drug sensitivity of isolated pure Escherichia coli colony was identified by automatic drug sensitivity analyzer Phoenix 100. Statistical analysis of drug resistance of Escherichia coli. The clinical data of the children were retrieved from the case system by uniformly trained professionals, and the department distribution, underlying diseases, clinical characteristics, antibiotic resistance, length of hospital stay, surgery, invasive exercises and other clinical data of all the children were counted. Factor logistic regression analysis of the risk factors of nosocomial infection of ESBLs Escherichia coli in children in the hospital. Results A among of 39 strains of Escherichia coli were detected in children with nosocomial infection in children's hospital. The main specimens were 22 strains (56.41%) in sputum, 11 strains (28.21%) in urine and 6 strains (15.38%) in blood.Twenty-one strains of ESBLs Escherichia coli were detected, with a positive rate of 53.85%. Fever was the most common first symptom in 37 cases (94.87%). Children with ESBLs (+) Escherichia coli infection were significantly higher than those with ESBLs (-) Escherichia coli in age, length of hospitalization, neonates/recent use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, complicated underlying diseases, and invasive operation (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that recent use of antibiotics, combined with underlying diseases, and invasive operation were independent risk factors for ESBLs infection in children in hospital (P<0.05). Conclusion The incidence of nosocomial Escherichia coli infection in children is high, and active intervention should be carried out for children who have recently used antibiotics, complicated with underlying diseases, and invasive operations to reduce the risk of ESBLs Escherichia coli infection.

2.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 207-220, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971481

ABSTRACT

A series of chemotherapeutic drugs that induce DNA damage, such as cisplatin (DDP), are standard clinical treatments for ovarian cancer, testicular cancer, and other diseases that lack effective targeted drug therapy. Drug resistance is one of the main factors limiting their application. Sensitizers can overcome the drug resistance of tumor cells, thereby enhancing the antitumor activity of chemotherapeutic drugs. In this study, we aimed to identify marketable drugs that could be potential chemotherapy sensitizers and explore the underlying mechanisms. We found that the alcohol withdrawal drug disulfiram (DSF) could significantly enhance the antitumor activity of DDP. JC-1 staining, propidium iodide (PI) staining, and western blotting confirmed that the combination of DSF and DDP could enhance the apoptosis of tumor cells. Subsequent RNA sequencing combined with Gene Set Enrichment Analysis (GSEA) pathway enrichment analysis and cell biology studies such as immunofluorescence suggested an underlying mechanism: DSF makes cells more vulnerable to DNA damage by inhibiting the Fanconi anemia (FA) repair pathway, exerting a sensitizing effect to DNA damaging agents including platinum chemotherapy drugs. Thus, our study illustrated the potential mechanism of action of DSF in enhancing the antitumor effect of DDP. This might provide an effective and safe solution for combating DDP resistance in clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Cisplatin/pharmacology , Disulfiram/pharmacology , Testicular Neoplasms/drug therapy , Fanconi Anemia/drug therapy , Alcoholism/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Cell Line, Tumor , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome/drug therapy , Apoptosis , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Cell Proliferation
3.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 302-307, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the preventive effects of pancreatic duct stent combined with rectal administration of indomethacin suppository for post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography pancreatitis (PEP) after difficult bile duct intubation during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).Methods:From January 2019 to December 2021, patients with biliary and pancreatic diseases undergoing ERCP in Hangzhou Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University were given 100 mg indomethacin suppository to anal canal 30 minutes before the operation. And those with difficult bile duct intubation during the operation ( n=204) were included in this study. According to the random number table, they were divided into the combination group (implanted with pancreatic duct stent during the operation, n=104) and the indomethacin group (not implanted with stent, n=100). The incidences of hyperamylasemia and PEP were compared between the two groups. Results:The incidences of postoperative hyperamylasemia [21.2% (22/104) VS 34.0% (34/100), χ2=4.22, P=0.040] and PEP [14.4% (15/104) VS 32.0% (32/100), χ2=8.88, P=0.003] in the combination group were significantly lower than those in the indomethacin group. There was no significant difference in the incidence of severe PEP between the two groups [1.0% (1/104) VS 1.0% (1/100), χ2=0.001, P=0.978]. Conclusion:Compared with rectal administration of indomethacin suppository alone, the incidences of hyperamylasemia and PEP after difficult bile duct intubation during ERCP can be further reduced when it is combined with pancreatic duct stent placement.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 121-125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995368

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) assisted with colonoscope and enteroscope in patients with history of Roux-en-Y anastomosis.Methods:A retrospective study was performed on the data of 70 patients who underwent ERCP assisted with standard colonoscope or single balloon enteroscope after Roux-en-Y reconstruction in Hangzhou Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing Medical University from January 2017 to December 2020. Patients were divided into the standard colonoscopy group ( n=43) and the single balloon enteroscopy group ( n=27) according to endoscopy. The success rates of insertion, intubation and ERCP, and incidence of complications were compared. Results:A total of 81 ERCP procedures were performed in 70 patients. The insertion success rates of the standard colonoscopy group and the single balloon enteroscopy group were 91.8% (45/49) and 78.1% (25/32), respectively, showing no significant difference ( χ2=2.04, P=0.153). The success rates of primitive papilla intubation in the two groups were 74.1% (20/27) and 1/6, showing significant difference ( P=0.016). The ERCP success rates of the standard colonoscopy group and the single balloon enteroscopy group were 75.5% (37/49) and 59.4% (19/32), showing no significant difference ( χ2=2.36, P=0.124). The post operative complication incidences of the standard colonoscopy group and the single balloon enteroscopy group were 4.1% (2/49) and 9.4% (3/32), showing no significant difference ( χ2=0.25, P=0.620). Conclusion:ERCP assisted with standard colonoscope and single balloon enteroscope is safe and effective in patients after Roux-en-Y anastomosis. Standard colonoscopic ERCP can become an endoscopy solution for patients with biliary tract disease after Roux-en-Y reconstruction.

5.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 833-837, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958322

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of Hot AXIOS, a novel luminal metal stent with a cautery system guided by endoscopic ultrasound, for the treatment of infected pancreatic necrosis (IPN), 5 cases of IPN treated with endoscopic ultrasound-guided Hot AXIOS placement in Hangzhou First People's Hospital from December 2021 to January 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The results showed that all 5 cases successfully completed the treatment, with 8-21 minutes of the operation time. The symptoms of abdominal pain and bloating on the first day after operation were significantly relieved, and the abdominal CT showed that the walled-off necrosis was significantly reduced. After 2-9 times of direct endoscopic necrosectomy, supplemented by antibiotics, patient's temperature and blood inflammatory indexes returned to normal, the cavity was reduced and necrosis was removed. The Hot AXIOS stent was indwelled for 12-40 days and then removed. After 25-113 days of the follow-up, all patients survived without recurrence. Preliminary results suggest that endoscopic ultrasound-guided Hot AXIOS placement is safe and effective for the treatment of IPN.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 719-724, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety, efficacy and performance of disposable cholangiopancreatoscope in the diagnosis and treatment of bile duct diseases.Methods:A total of 20 subjects were selected and 16 subjects were enrolled in the prospective and exploratory clinical study which were performed in the Digestive Endoscope Center of Hangzhou First People's Hospital Affiliated to Zhejiang University School of Medicine from July 2021 to August 2021. The disposable cholangiopancreatoscope was used to diagnose bile duct diseases in routine endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. Biopsies were performed in cases where malignancy was considered. The use related indexes and performance indexes of the instruments were analyzed.Results:Among the 16 patients, there were 6 cases of biliary space-occupying lesions, 6 cases of biliary calculi, and 4 cases of benign biliary stricture before operation. The success rate of the disposable insertion was 100.00% (16/16), and the success rate of observation was 100.00% (16/16). Three biliary space-occupying lesions diagnosed as malignant tumor under cholangiopancreatoscope were confirmed by pathology after operation. Diagnosis of other patients was consistent with preoperative diagnose, so no biopsy was conducted. The rate of positive feedback from operators in directional control was 81.25% (13/16), the image failure rate was 18.75% (3/16), and the rate of positive feedback for image clarity was 93.75% (15/16). In terms of clinical performance, the imaging quality of excellence was 93.75% (15/16), the flexible degree of excellence was 81.25% (13/16), and other indexes were all 100.00% excellence. During the period, there were no instrument defects, pancreatitis, perforation, bleeding or other instrument-related adverse events.Conclusion:The effectiveness, safety and performance indexes of domestic disposable cholangiopancreatoscope have reached the standards of clinical application with high pixel, integration, and portability. It's worthy of clinical recommendation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 635-640, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958301

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lumen-apposing metal stent (LAMS) for the treatment of pancreatic walled-off necrosis (WON).Methods:A retrospective cohort study was performed on data of 43 consecutive patients with pancreatic WON who underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage by LAMS or plastic stents (PS) in Hangzhou First People's Hospital from December 2010 to June 2020. According to the type of stent used, the patients were divided into the LAMS group ( n=16) and the PS group ( n=27). The technical success rate, the clinical success rate, the operation time, the session of endoscopic necrosectomy, the stent insertion time and adverse events were compared between the two groups. Results:All 43 patients were successfully stented, indicating a technical success rate of 100% in both groups. For the LAMS group, the clinical success rate, the operation time, the session of endoscopic necrosectomy, the stent insertion time and overall incidence of adverse events were 75.0% (12/16), 26.0 (19.1, 39.8) min, 0.5 (0, 2.0) times, (41.3±28.4) days, and 43.7% (7/16), respectively, whereas these indices of the PS group were 37.0% (10/27) ( χ2=5.795, P=0.016), 31.0 (26.0, 48.0) min ( Z=1.221, P=0.222), 0 (0, 0) times ( Z=2.245, P=0.025), (176.1±99.1) days ( t=5.187, P<0.001) and 14.8% (4/27) ( χ2=8.893, P=0.064), respectively. Conclusion:LAMS placement is safe and effective for the treatment of pancreatic WON with a higher clinical success rate compared with PS. However, it requires more endoscopic intervention.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 459-463, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958282

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy and safety of endoscopic papillectomy (EP) combined with endobiliary radio frequency ablation (RFA) for duodenal papilla tumor with intraductal biliary infiltration.Methods:Data of 12 patients with histologically confirmed duodenal papilla tumor combined with intraductal biliary infiltration treated by EP with RFA from February 2013 to February 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical characteristics,endoscopic features, treatment efficacy and postoperative complications of patients were reviewed and recurrence was followed up.Results:The median diameter of lesions measured by endoscopic ultrasound was 18.5 mm×15.5 mm, and the length of intrabiliary invasion was 14.1±5.8 mm. EP combined with RFA was successfully performed in all patients with a technical success rate of 100%. Postoperative pathology showed adenocarcinoma in 5 patients, adenoma with high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia in 6 patients, and adenoma with low-grade intraepithelial neoplasia in 1 patient. Patients received mean 4.1±1.6 times of ERCP with intraductal biopsy during a mean follow-up period of 28.5±10.4 months. Recurrence occurred in 2 patients at 14 and 20 months respectively, both were adenocarcinoma.Conclusion:EP combined with RFA is effective and safe for duodenal papilla tumor with intraductal biliary infiltration. However, given the risk of recurrence, close surveillance is recommended.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 838-842, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957054

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the influencing factors of postoperative complications in patients with malignant biliary obstruction treated by endoscopic radiofrequency ablation(RFA).Methods:Data of patients with malignant biliary obstruction who underwent endoscopic RFA at the Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Hangzhou First People's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine from January 2010 to June 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 62 males and 48 females, with age (74.1±11.1) years. Based on occurrence of postoperative complications, these patients were divided into the complication group ( n=18) and the control group ( n=92). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis were used to analysis the influencing factors of complications. Results:RFA was successfully performed in 110 patients with malignant biliary obstruction, and the technical success rate was 100.0% (110/110). Postoperative complications occurred in 18 patients (16.4%), including 12 patients with of biliary tract infection (8 patients with acute cholangitis, 4 patients with acute cholecystitis) and 6 patients with acute pancreatitis. All these patients responded well to treatment. The proportion of patients who developed complications having associated diabetes, bile duct stenosis length >2.5 cm, fractional RFA for bile duct stenosis, and single stent drainage were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of complications after endoscopic RFA was significantly increased in patients with diabetes ( OR=6.967, 95% CI: 1.256-38.658) and fractional RFA of bile duct stenosis ( OR=8.297, 95% CI: 1.526-45.122), while the risk of complications after multiple stents drainage ( OR=0.037, 95% CI: 0.008-0.169) was significantly decreased (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Diabetes and fractional RFA of bile duct stenosis were risk factors for complications after endoscopic RFA of malignant biliary obstruction. Multiple stents drainage was a protective factor. Better clinical attention should be paid to the patients with high risk factors.

10.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 801-806, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954376

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the potential mechanism of Fuzheng Jiedu Decoction created by professor Yu Huiping in the treatment of primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) in children based on network pharmacology.Methods:The targets of Fuzheng Jiedu Decoction and ITP were retrieved within SymMap database and TCMID database, and all the common genes in the potential targets of the decoction and ITP were retained. The interaction relationship among the targets was obtained in the String database, and cluster analysis was conducted to obtain the core target group of Fuzheng Jiedu Decoction for ITP. In the David database, the potential KEGG Pathway was obtained through enrichment analysis, the Pathway of non-specific diseases was classified and selected, and a network of "Traditional Chinese Medicine - Target - Pathway" was constructed.Results:There are 500 potential targets for Fuzheng Jiedu Decoction to treat ITP. After Cluster analysis of PPI network, a total of 16 gene clusters were obtained, among which Cluster 1 score was 65.663, making it a potential core target group for Fuzheng Jiedu Decoction to treat ITP. The core enriched target group amounts to 114 pathways, and there were four first-level catalogs which includes Human Diseases (50%), Organismal Systems (25%), Environmental Information Processing (17%), and Cellular Processes (8%). Among them, TNF signaling pathway and HIF-1 signaling pathway were highly enriched for non-specific diseases. In the nodes of the network, The Chinese herbs with the highest Degree of aggregation in the network nodes were Agrimoniae herba (Degree=66), Glycyrrhizae radix et rhizoma praeparata cum melle (Degree=64), the target proteins were MAPK3 (Degree=51),MAPK1 (Degree=50),and the pathway was PI3K-Akt signaling pathway (Degree=29). Conclusion:Fuzheng Jiedu Decoction is mainly used to treat children's ITP with Agrimoniae herba and Glycyrrhizae radix et rhizoma praeparata cum melle,and it is related to the regulation of platelet number, adhesion and focusing.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 925-928, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912195

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the value of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography(ERCP)and SpyGlass in the diagnosis of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the bile duct (IPMN-B). Data of patients who underwent ERCP and SpyGlass in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019 were analyzed. ERCP and SpyGlass features, complications, clinicopathologic characteristics and prognosis were retrospectively analyzed.A total of 9 patients (5 benign lesions and 4 malignant lesions) were included.ERCP was successfully performed in 9 cases, while SpyGlass was technically successful in 8 cases. Endoscopy showed mucus outflow from the papilla in 5 cases, and the mucus was removed by the balloon of ERCP in 8 cases.ERCP showed bile duct diffuse dilatation and filling defects in all patients. SpyGlass found the mucus in the bile duct in all patients. SpyGlass showed lesion mucosa were fish-egg like without vascular images (Ⅱtype, 3 cases), fish-egg like with vascular images (Ⅲ type, 1 case), villous (Ⅳtype, 4 cases). SpyGlass defined extent of the lesion in 8 cases. SpyGlass found that the lesion involved the intra and extrahepatic bile ducts in one case. Therefore, liver transplantation was recommended to avoid surgical exploration. One type Ⅲ lesion underwent a direct biopsy. The pathology showed moderate dysplasia, which was consistent with the postoperative pathology. No complication occurred. ERCP combined with SpyGlass could clarify the scope of IPMN-B and provide basis for surgical options, which is safe and effective in IPMN-B diagnosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 866-870, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912184

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for pancreas divisum(PD)with chronic pancreatitis (CP) in adults.Methods:Data of patients older than 18 years old diagnosed as having PD with CP in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from January 2008 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, i. e.the general information, ERCP procedures and follow-up data of the patients. The number of acute pancreatitis attacks, visual analogue scale (VAS) of abdominal pain, and the diameter of pancreatic duct before and after ERCP were compared.Results:A total of 61 patients diagnosed as having PD with CP underwent 301 ERCP procedures with the median number of 4(3.0-6.5). The median number of pancreatic stent replacement was 3 (2-6). The success rate of the first minor papilla cannulation was 90.2% (55/61), and the total success rate of minor papilla cannulation was 98.0% (295/301). The efficacy rate of the first ERCP was 82.0% (50/61). ERCP-related complication rate was 2.7% (8/301). The median follow-up time was 54 months (31.0-97.5 months). The median number of acute pancreatitis attacks decreased from 2.40 to 0 ( Z=-6.726, P<0.001) compared with that before ERCP. The median VAS decreased from 7 to 2 ( Z=-6.621, P<0.001). The median pancreatic duct diameter decreased from 5.0 mm to 4.0 mm ( Z=-2.330, P=0.020). However, the mean weight increased from 56.04±10.75 kg to 58.62±10.79 kg ( t=-5.285, P<0.001)one year after the procedure. Conclusion:ERCP is safe and effective in the diagnosis and treatment of PD with CP in adults.

13.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 560-564, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912148

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors of duodenal papilla hemorrhage after endoscopic papillary balloon dilatation (EPBD) for choledocholithiasis.Methods:Clinical data of 411 cases of choledocholithiasis treated by EPBD in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from January 2016 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Based on the development of hemorrhage after EPBD, patients were divided into the hemorrhage group and the non-hemorrhage group. The risk factors of hemorrhage after EPBD were analyzed by single and Logistic regression.Results:Among 411 patients who received EPBD, 29 patients had EPBD-related duodenal papilla hemorrhage and the overall incidence was 7.1%.Univariate analysis showed that there were significant differences between the hemorrhage group and the non-hemorrhage group in diameter≥1.2 cm of balloon dilation ( P=0.001), endoscopic sphincterotomy (EST) ( P=0.002)and the incision length of EST ( P<0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that the incision length of EST ( OR=69.771, 95% CI: 7.544-645.296, P<0.001) was the independent risk factor for duodenal papilla hemorrhage after EPBD. Diameter≥1.2 cm of balloon dilation( OR=0.192, 95% CI: 0.071-0.524, P=0.001) was a protective factor. Conclusion:The incision length of EST is an independent risk factor of duodenal papilla hemorrhage after EPBD. Endoscopic papillary large balloon dilation is a protective factor for postoperative hemorrhage, which can reduce the incidence of bleeding.

14.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 460-464, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912136

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for diagnosis and treatment of pancreas divisum (PD) combined with chronic pancreatitis (CP) in children.Methods:Data of patients under 18 years old diagnosed as having PD with CP in Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from January 2010 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The general information, endoscopic procedures and follow-up of the children were recored. The number of acute pancreatitis attacks, visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of the abdominal pain, and the diameter of pancreatic duct before and after ERCP were compared.Results:A total of 19 children diagnosed as having PD with CP underwent 82 ERCP procedures with the mean number of 4.31 (1-9). The mean number of pancreatic stent replacement was 3.21 (0-8). The success rate of minor papilla cannulation was 97.6% (80/82) with the pain relief rate of 89.5% (17/19) after the first ERCP. ERCP-related complication rate was 4.9% (4/82)without transference to surgery. The mean follow-up time was 55.8 months (9-114 months). The median number of acute pancreatitis attacks decreased from 3.0 to 0 compared with that before the procedure ( Z=-3.839, P<0.001) and the median VAS score decreased from 6 to 1 ( Z=-3.748, P<0.001), both of which had significant difference. However, the median diameters of main pancreatic duct were both 0.35 cm before and after procedure with no significant difference ( Z=-0.699, P=0.484). Conclusion:ERCP is safe and effective to diagnose and treat pediatric patients with PD with CP.

15.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 205-209, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885709

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic performance of probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) for indeterminate biliary strictures.Methods:Twelve patients with indeterminate biliary strictures who underwent pCLE and brush cytology from April 1, 2013 to December 30, 2016 were enrolled. Clinical data, the results of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, pCLE examination and brush cytology were collected. Compared with post-operative pathology and follow-up over 12 months, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value(PPV), negative predictive value(NPV), and accuracy of pCLE and brush cytology of the diagnosis of malignant biliary strictures were analyzed.Results:The final diagnosis were 9 malignant and 3 benign. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV and accuracy of brush cytology were 3/9, 3/3, 3/3, 3/9 and 50.0%(6/12), respectively. The corresponding indicators of pCLE were 9/9, 2/3, 9/10, 2/2, and 91.7%(11/12), respectively.Conclusion:pCLE can be used for differential diagnosis of indeterminate biliary stricture.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 632-637, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871433

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the diagnostic and therapeutic effect of SpyGlass direct visualization system (SpyGlass) on cholangiopancreatic duct stenosis and large bile duct stones.Methods:Patients with cholangiopancreatic duct stenosis or large bile duct stones of indeterminate reasons who underwent SpyGlass at Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from September 2012 to August 2018 were recruited. Cholangiopancreatic duct stenosis were visually diagnosed using SpyGlass, and some patients underwent Spybite biopsy. Large bile duct stones were treated with SpyGlass-guided laser lithotripsy under direct visualization. The procedure success rate, clinical success rate, and adverse event incidence associated with SpyGlass were analyzed.Results:SpyGlass was performed to diagnose and treat 114 patients with bile duct stricture, 11 patients with pancreatic duct stricture and 19 patients with large bile duct stones. The total procedure success rate was 98.6% (142/144). The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of SpyGlass visual diagnosis of bile duct stricture of indeterminate reasons were 97.1% (67/69), 95.3% (41/43), 96.4% (108/112), 97.1% (67/69), and 95.3% (41/43), respectively. The accuracy of SpyGlass visual diagnosis of pancreatic duct stricture of indeterminate reasons was 100.0% (11/11). Of the 19 patients with large bile duct stones, the lithotripsy success rate was 89.5% (17/19). The success rate of primary extraction was 73.7% (14/19), and that of secondary extraction was 100.0% (5/5). The total extraction success rate was 100.0% (19/19) Four patients (2.8%) had postoperative complications, including three cases of acute cholangitis and one case of mild acute pancreatitis.Conclusion:SpyGlass is accurate and safe in the diagnosis of cholangiopancreatic duct stenosis. It is also effective and safe for treating large bile duct stones combined with laser lithotripsy.

17.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 180-184, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871389

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the diagnostic value of SpyGlass endoscopy system (short for SpyGlass) for indeterminate bile duct stricture.Methods:Data of patients who underwent SpyGlass examination for indeterminate bile duct stricture at Hangzhou First People′s Hospital from September 2012 to August 2017 were reviewed. The diagnostic value of SpyGlass for indeterminate bile duct stricture was analyzed.Results:A total of 88 patients with indeterminate biliary stricture were diagnosed with SpyGlass. The procedure success rate was 97.7% (86/88). The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of SpyGlass for indeterminate bile duct stricture were 98.1%(52/53), 96.9% (31/32), 97.6% (83/85), 98.1% (52/53)and 96.9% (31/32), respectively. Three patients (3.5%, 3/86) had postoperative complications and were cured by conservative treatment.Conclusion:SpyGlass is safe and effective for indeterminate biliary stricture with high sensitivity and accuracy and low incidence of complications.

18.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 402-406, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-756268

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the characteristics of population and the changes of disease spectrum in patients treated by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ( ERCP ) . Methods Data of 20170 patients, who underwent ERCP in the First People' s Hospital of Hangzhou from May 2004 to February 2018, were enrolled in the retrospective analysis. According to the year of diagnosis and treatment,patients were divided into 2004-2008, 2009-2013, and 2014-2018 group; according to the postoperative diagnosis of ERCP, they were divided into biliary tract diseases ( including calculus, benign stenosis, malignant stenosis, and other causes ) and pancreatic diseases ( including acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis, pancreatic malignant tumor, and other causes ) group; and according to the age, they were divided into the younger age (0-18 years old), young and middle age (19-65 years old), old age (66-85 years old), and advanced age (>85 years old) group. Statistical analysis was performed in the different groups. Results Among the 20170 patients, there were 10260 males and 9910 females, with age of 62. 65± 17. 11 years. The proportion of the younger age group and the advanced age group was 1. 04%( 24/2308 ) , 1. 69% ( 127/7520 ) , 2. 39% ( 247/10342 ) , and 2. 95% ( 68/2308 ) , 4. 19%( 315/7520 ) , 6. 15% ( 636/10342 ) , respectively, in the 2004-2008, 2009-2013 and 2014-2018 subgroups, with a rising trend (P<0. 017). A total 20032 patients had a clear postoperative diagnosis, including 15618 ( 77. 97%) of biliary diseases and 4414 ( 22. 03%) of pancreatic diseases. Biliary stones accounted for the majority of biliary diseases (63. 2%, 9863/15618), and its proportion increased from 59. 9% ( 1191/1987 ) in 2004-2008 to 64. 5% ( 5118/7939 ) in 2014-2018 ( P= 0. 000 ) . Acute pancreatitis accounted for the majority of pancreatic diseases (67. 4%, 1973/4414), and its proportion increased from 52. 4% ( 162/309) in 2004-2008 to 69. 9% ( 1636/2340) in 2014-2018 ( P=0. 000) . The top 3 diseases in the younger group and the advanced age group were acute pancreatitis ( 32. 58%, 129/396) , biliary stones ( 25. 25%, 100/396 ) , chronic pancreatitis ( 22. 22%, 88/396 ) , and biliary stones (56. 46%, 568/1006), malignant biliary stenosis (12. 52%, 126/1006), benign biliary stricture ( 10. 34%, 104/1006) , respectively. Conclusion The main disease of patients receiving ERCP is biliary stone, and the proportion of acute pancreatitis is increased. The overall age of the patients is old, and the proportion of the elderly and underaged patients is gradually increasing. Biliary diseases and pancreatic diseases are the main diseases in elderly patients and younger patients, respectively.

19.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 759-761, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-744440

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common gastrointestinal malignancies with high incidence rate and mortality rate. Human intestinal microbiota play crucial roles in multiple aspects including immune function, digestion and metabolism. Current research literature suggests that there is a significant connection between intestinal dysbacteriosis and colorectal cancer. However,it is not clear how intestinal dysbacteriosis is involved in the initiation, progress and metastasis of colorectal cancer. In this paper,the influence discussed from three aspects.

20.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 616-621, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755180

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of Mucin 3A (Muc3A) gene silencing by shRNA mediated with lentivirus vector on human extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.Methods Short hairpin RNA (shRNA) interference sequence targeting Muc3A gene was designed and synthesized.Recombinant lentiviral plasmids were packaged to produce virus venom and their titers were determined.After transfected with QBC939 cells of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma,stable positive cell lines were obtained by optimal drug screening concentration.QBC939 cells were divided into three groups:lentivirus mediated shRNA transfected cells (transfected group),empty virus transfected cells (negative control group),and untransfected cells (blank group).ShRNA silencing efficiency of Muc3A gene was detected with Western blot.Cell growth was assessed by MTS assay,cell colony formation was detected with plate clonogenesis assay,and cell cycle distribution were detected by flow cytometry.Results Lentivirus was successfully packaged and titer of virus suspension was 1 × 108 TU/ml.Western blot confirmed that shRNA worked well in QBC939 cells.3 μg/ml puromycin concentration was added for table cell lines selection.Western blot results showed that the expression of Muc3A in the transfection group was significantly decreased comparing with negative control group and the blank group (P < 0.05).The MTS results showed that the value of OD490nm in the transfected group was significantly lower than that in the negative control group and the blank group,and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).The number of clone formation in the transfection group was significantly lower than that in the negative control group and the blank control group,and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Cell cycle of the experimental group was in G2/M is more,but S phase is less,but there is no statistical difference compared with blank group (P > 0.05).Conclusion Lentivirus mediated shRNA transfection can significantly inhibit the growth,proliferation and colony formation of QBC939 cells of extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma after interfering with Muc3A gene expression,which sugests that Muc3A can promote the growth of cholangiocarcinoma cells.

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