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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3663-3674, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921455

ABSTRACT

Aquatic plants and the epiphytic microorganisms are important contributors to the purification of constructed wetlands. Taking the dragon-shaped water system of Beijing Olympic Park as a model, this study analyzed the structure and function of the microbial communities reside the sediment, the water body and the rhizosphere and phyllosphere of three submerged plants-Vallisneria natans, Myriophyllum verticillatum, and Potamogeton pectinatus using high-throughput sequencing technology. The results showed that the microbial diversity from the highest to the lowest were samples from sediment, plant rhizosphere, plant phyllosphere and water. The microbial diversity of plant phyllosphere samples were significantly higher than those of the water body. LEfSe analysis showed that different habitats enriched different microbial groups. The sediments mainly enriched anaerobic microbes, while the water body and the phyllosphere of plants mainly enriched aerobic microbes, and the rhizosphere of plants had the both. Functional prediction analysis showed that the abundance of denitrification marker genes in phyllosphere samples was higher than that in samples from rhizosphere, sediment and water body, and the abundance of denitrification marker genes in phyllosphere samples of M. verticillatum and P. pectinatus was higher than that of V. natans. This study could serve as a guidance for the selection of submerged plants and functional microorganisms for constructed wetlands.


Subject(s)
Beijing , Hydrocharitaceae , Microbiota , Rhizosphere , Water
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3405-3410, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921436

ABSTRACT

The international cooperation project "electricity-driven low energy and chemical input technology for accelerated bioremediation" (abridged as "ELECTRA") is jointly supported by National Nature Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and European Commission (EC). The ELECTRA consortium consists of 5 research institutions and universities from China and 17 European research institutions and universities, as well as high-tech companies of EC countries. ELECTRA focuses on researches of biodegradation of emerging organic compounds (EOCs) and novel environmental biotechnologies of low-energy and low-chemical inputs. The project has been successfully operated for 2 years, and has made important progresses in obtaining EOCs-degrading microbes, developing weak-electricity-accelerated bioremediation, and 3D-printing techniques for microbial consortium. The ELECTRA has promoted collaborations among the Chinese and European scientists. In the future, ELECTRA will overcome the negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and fulfill the scientific objectives through strengthening the international collaboration.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , Biotechnology , COVID-19 , Electricity , Humans , Pandemics , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3401-3404, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921435

ABSTRACT

Humanity shares the common interest to protect the environment and to maintain a healthy global ecosystem. International collaboration is key in this context, to advance the necessary science and technology. The National Science Foundation of China (NSFC) and European Commission (EC) have agreed to collaborate in innovative knowledge and technology in the field of bioremediation of polluted environments and biodegradation of plastics. In this context, projects on bioremediation of soils, wastewater and sediment matrices and on microbial degradation of plastics were supported. This special issue aimed to introduce these projects and their progresses in the related fields. In total, 23 papers have been collected in this issue, covering both fundamental and applied researches.


Subject(s)
Biodegradation, Environmental , China , Ecosystem , Plastics
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3493-3502, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906842

ABSTRACT

Caveolin-1 (CAV-1) is related to inflammation, oxidative damage, and immunity. In order to obtain a series of dibenzoylmethane halophenols with strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects targeting CAV-1, twenty-nine target compounds were therefore synthesized by Baker-Ventaraman rearrangement and demethylation reaction, starting from the substituted benzoyl chloride and o-hydroxyacetophenone, and their interactions with CAV-1 were investigated by BLI technique. Their in vitro anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties were also evaluated. The results showed that compounds A6, A17, A18, and A29 not only specifically bind to CAV-1, but also present strong anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. These results suggest that this class of compounds can affect the signaling pathways related to inflammation and oxidative stress by directly acting on CAV-1. In particular, these compounds exhibit the most significantly inhibitory effects on IL-1β and COX-2 release. IL-1β plays a key regulatory role in the development of arthritis. Therefore, it is worth expecting for the application of such compounds in the prevention and treatment of arthritis.

5.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 495-500, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888442

ABSTRACT

Studies have explored the assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes of Y-chromosome azoospermia factor c (AZFc) microdeletions, but the effect of sperm source on intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) remains unknown. To determine the ART results of ICSI using testicular sperm and ejaculated sperm from males with AZFc microdeletions, we searched Embase, Web of Science, and PubMed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis. The first meta-analysis results for 106 cycles in five studies showed no significant differences in the live birth rate between the testicular sperm group and the ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 0.97, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.73-1.28, P = 0.82). The second meta-analysis of 106 cycles in five studies showed no difference in the abortion rate between the testicular sperm group and ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 1.06, 95% CI: 0.54-2.06, P = 0.87). The third meta-analysis of 386 cycles in seven studies showed no significant difference in clinical pregnancy rates between the testicular sperm group and the ejaculated sperm group (risk ratio: 1.24, 95% CI: 0.66-2.34, P = 0.50). Inevitable heterogeneity weakened our results. However, our results indicated that testicular sperm and ejaculated sperm yield similar ART outcomes, representing a meaningful result for clinical treatment. More properly designed studies are needed to further confirm our conclusions.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883340

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the variations in ocular biometry and its influencing factors in adult Tibetans of Lhasa.Methods:A cross-sectional study was adopted.A total of 100 consecutive adult Tibetans (100 eyes) with cataract, who were treated in Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital from March 2017 to July 2017 were enrolled, including 51 males and 49 females, with an average age of (63.38±12.80) years.The subjects were divided into two groups, with 57 subjects (57 eyes) older than 60 years in the elder group and 43 subjects (43 eyes) younger than 60 years in the youth group.Corneal curvature, corneal astigmatism, anterior chamber depth and axial length of subjects were measured and compared with those of Beijing population which were used as standardized data of Han Chinese.The differences in ocular parameters associated with age and gender were analyzed.This study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki.The study protocol was approved by an Ethics Committee of Tibet Autonomous Region People's Hospital (No.ME-TBHP-21-KJ-005).Written informed consent was obtained from each subject prior to any examination.Results:The mean corneal curvature, corneal astigmatism, anterior chamber depth and axial length of the 100 Tibetans were (43.68±1.62)D, 0.750 (0.375, 1.000)D, (3.05±0.41)mm, (23.07±0.86)mm, respectively.The axial length of Tibetan was shorter than that of Beijing Han people and the difference was significant ( t=2.65, P<0.01).Corneal astigmatism of the elder group was higher than that of youth group and the difference was significant ( t=2.11, P<0.05).There were no significant differences in corneal curvature, anterior chamber depth and axial length between the elder group and youth group (all at P>0.05).The anterior chamber depth and axial length of males were much longer than those of females, and the differences were significant ( t=2.71, 2.25; both at P<0.05). Conclusions:In adult Tibetan population, the axial length is short, and the anterior chamber is deep.The corneal astigmatism increases with age and there is a gender difference in axial length and anterior chamber depth.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the influencing factors for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 104 patients with pancreatic head cancer who underwent radical resection in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from May 2014 to May 2015 were collected. There were 62 males and 42 females, aged (61±10)years. Patients underwent carative pancreaticoduodenectomy. Observation indicators: (1) surgical situations; (2) follow-up; (3) influencing factors for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer. Follow-up was conducted using telephone interview to detect recurrence of patients up to postoperative 1 year. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean±SD. Count data were described as absolutes numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test. Multivariate analysis was analyzed using the Logistic regression model. Results:(1) Surgical situations: 104 patients underwent curative pancreaticoduodenec-tomy successfully. The volume of intraoperative blood loss was (474±280)mL and the number of lymph node dissection was 21±10. (2) Follow-up: 104 patients received postoperative follow-up, 44 of whom had early recurrence. Of the 44 patients with early recurrence, 42 cases had intraperitoneal recurrence including 23 cases with liver metastasis, 7 cases with metastasis in surgical site, 7 cases with retroperitoneal lymph node metastasis, 5 cases with omentum metastasis, 2 cases had extraperitoneal recurrence including 1 case with pleural metastasis and 1 case with pulmonary metastasis. (3) Influencing factors for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer: results of univariate analysis showed levels of preoperative CA19-9, levels of postoperative CA19-9, the number of lymph node dissection were related factors for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer ( χ2=5.833, 9.276, 4.261, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that postoperative CA19-9 >37 U/mL was an independent risk factor for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer ( odd ratio=3.599,95% confidence interval as 1.551-8.347, P<0.05). Conclusion:Postoperative CA19-9>37 U/mL is an independent risk factor for early recurrence after curative pancreaticoduodenectomy of pancreatic head cancer.

8.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 199-202, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882468

ABSTRACT

Renal cell carcinoma is one of the most common urinary tract cancers, accounting for 90% of renal cancer cases, and the clear cell renal cell carcinoma is its most common subtype. Because of poor response to conventional anti-cancer treatment, metastasis may occur in the early stage of renal cell carcinoma. The high degree of metastasis of renal cell carcinoma determines the necessity and importance of early diagnosis. Although a lot of researches about renal cell carcinoma have been carried out, its underlying mechanisms still remain unclear. Recent studies have shown that spot-type POZ protein (SPOP) can perform biological functions in a cancer type-specific way. Based on the latest findings, this article reviewed the current research status and prospectives of SPOP in renal cancer cells.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-793068

ABSTRACT

To explore the methods of screening and biological characteristics of lung cancer stem cells. We selected the ABCG2 and ABCG2 cells from SPC-A-1/adriamycin(ADM)cell line induced by ADM and analyzed the tumorigenicity of ABCG2 and ABCG2 cells by flow cytometry and transplantation in nude mice. The average fluorescence intensity of SPC-A-1 cells was(1.001±0.014)×10 ,which was significantly lower than that of SPC-A-1/ADM cells [(10.257±0.023) ×10 ](=17.320,=0.001);the difference was also statistically significant between the ABCG2/BCRP-FITC treatment group and the SPC-A-1 control group(=5.269,=0.021) and the SPC-A-1 control group(=6.869, =0.012) and between the SPC-A-1/ADM cell control group and the SPC-A-1/ADM cell homotype control group(=8.112,=0.015).The positive rate of SPC-A-1/ADM cells treated with ABCG2/BCRP-FITC was 9.8%,39.84 times higher than that of SPC-A-1 cells;it showed significant difference between the ABCG2/BCRP-FITC group and the SPC-A-1/ADM group(=9.120,=0.005) and the SPC-A-1/ADM group(=8.257,= 0.006).The positive rate of group B cells was 684 times that of group A cells,and the difference was statistically significant(=11.235,=0.001),and the fluorescence intensity of group B cells was strong.The average tumorigenic volume of the mice inoculated with SPC-A-1 cells,group A cells,and group B cells was(6.96±1.82),(6.70±2.55),and(9.17±2.41) mm ,respectively.Among them,group B was the highest,but there was no significant difference among these three groups(=2.362,=0.086).The tumorigenic rate of group B cells was 75.00%,which was significantly higher than that of SPC-A-1 cells and group A cells(=19.780,=0.002). ABCG2 cells from human lung adenocarcinoma SPC-A-1/ADM cell line can be isolated by ABCG2 antibody combined with immunomagnetic beads sorting method,and the tumor formation rate in nude mice can be observed to explore the identification and biological characterization of lung cancer stem cells.

10.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 139-144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799546

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of aspirin on endoplasmic reticulum stress in podocytes induced by hyperlipemia.@*Methods@#Cultured podocytes were divided into four groups: control group, aspirin (100 μg/ml) group, oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL, 100 μg/ml) group, aspirin+ox-LDL group. The expression of protein kinase R-1ike endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF2α), activating transcription factor-4 (ATF4) and CAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) at 6 h, 12 h, 24 h, 48 h were evaluated by real-time PCR. The related proteins of p-PERK and p-eIF2α at 24 h and ATF4 at 12 h were evaluated by Western blotting, respectively.@*Results@#The expressions of PERK, eIF2α peaked at 24 h, while ATF4 and CHOP peaked at 12 h in ox-LDL group and aspirin+ox-LDL group. Compared with control group, the expressions of PERK, eIF2α, ATF4 and CHOP were significantly higher in ox-LDL group at each times (all P<0.05). Compared with ox-LDL group, the expressions of the above indicators were significantly lower in aspirin+ox-LDL group at each times (all P<0.05). At 24 h, compared with control group, the expressions of p-PERK and p-eIF2α were significantly higher in ox-LDL group (both P<0.05). Compared with ox-LDL group, the expressions of p-PERK and p-eIF2α were significantly lower in aspirin+ox-LDL group (both P<0.05). At 12 h, the expression of ATF4 protein in each group was similar to that of mRNA. There were no significant difference in the expressions of all indicators between aspirin group and control group.@*Conclusions@#Hyperlipidemia may cause endoplasmic reticulum stress in podocytes by inducing phosphorylation of PERK and eIF2α, activating ATF4 transcription and inducing high expression of CHOP. Aspirin may partially block the PERK pathway, which may have protective effects for podocytes.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863607

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical effect of Huanglian-Wendan Decoction combined with Estazolam tablets in the treatment of post-stroke sleep disorders (PSSD) with syndrome of internal disturbance of phlegm-heat. Methods:A total of 96 patients with PSSD who met the inclusion criteria in the People's Hospital of Shenzhen Luohu District from September 2016 to June 2018 were randomly divided into the control group (47 cases) and the study group (49 cases) by random number table method. The control group took Estazolam tablets based on routine treatment, and the intervention group took Huanglian-Wendan Decoction based on the control group. Both groups were treated for 2 weeks. The TCM syndromes were recorded and scored before and after the treatment. The anxiety symptoms were assessed by Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAMA) and the depression symptoms were assessed by Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD) respectively. Sleep quality was assessed by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). The level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was detected by ELISA, the level of 5-hydroxytryp-tamine (5-HT) was detected by high performance liquid-phase electrochemical detector. The adverse reactions were recorded and clinical efficacy was evaluated. Results:The total clinical effective rate of the intervention group was 91.8% (45/49), and 76.6% (36/47) in the control group. There was significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=4.227, P=0.040). After the treatment, the scores of HAMA, HAMD and PSQI in the intervention group were significantly lower than that of the control group ( t value were 4.081, 4.869 and 3.900, respectively, all Ps<0.001). The levels of serum BDNF (42.36 ± 6.78 ng/ml vs. 33.98 ± 6.41 ng/ml, t=6.217), 5-HT (127.21 ± 12.39 ng/ml vs. 101.46 ± 11.70 ng/ml, t=10.460) were significantly higher than that of the control group ( P<0.01). During the treatment, the incidence of adverse reactions was 14.9% (7/47) in the control group and 8.2% (4/49) in the intervention group, and there was no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=1.071, P=0.301). Conclusions:Huanglian-Wendan Decoction combined with Estazolam tablets can improve the clinical symptoms, relieve anxiety and depression of PSSD patients with syndrome of internal disturbance of phlegm-heat, and improve sleep quality and clinical efficacy.

12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2552-2557, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is an aggressive type of cancer with poor prognosis and outcomes. This study aimed to investigate clinicopathological features, molecular characteristics, and treatments among Chinese patients diagnosed with IBC.@*METHODS@#We collected data of 95 patients with IBC who were treated by members of the Chinese Society of Breast Surgery, from January 2017 to December 2018. The data, including demographic characteristics, pathological findings, surgical methods, systemic treatment plans, and follow-up, were obtained using a uniform electronic questionnaire. The clinicopathological features of different molecular types in patients without distant metastases were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis (H) test followed by post hoc analyses.@*RESULTS@#Lymph node metastasis was noted in 75.8% of all patients, while distant metastasis was noted in 21.4%. Pathological findings indicated invasive ductal and lobular carcinomas in 86.8% and 5.3% of cases, respectively. Hormone receptor-positive (HR+)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2-) (41.5%) and HR-/HER2+ (20.1%) were the most common biologic subtypes, followed by HR+/HER2+ (19.1%) and HR-/HER2- (19.1%). Stage III IBC was treated via pre-operative neoadjuvant chemotherapy in 87.7% of the cases, predominantly using anthracycline and taxanes. A total of 91.9% of patients underwent surgical treatment. Among them, 77.0% of the patients underwent modified radical mastectomy, 8.1% of whom also underwent immediate breast reconstruction. The Kruskal-Wallis test revealed that the efficacy of chemotherapy significantly differed among those with HR+/HER2- and HR-/HER2- tumors (adjusted P = 0.008), and Ki-67 expression significantly differed in HR-/HER2+ and HR+/HER2+ molecular subtypes (adjusted P = 0.008).@*CONCLUSION@#Our study provides novel insight into clinicopathological characteristics and treatment status among patients with IBC in China, and might provide a direction and basis for further studies.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#chictr.org.cn, No. ChiCTR1900027179; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=45030.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , China , Humans , Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Prognosis , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Progesterone
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873324

ABSTRACT

Objective::To evaluate the effects of Valeriana amurensis roots and rhizomes extract and its active constituents on the activities of six major cytochrome P450 (CYP450) enzymes in human liver microsomes. Method::Coumarin, bupropion, tolbutamide, omeprazole, dextromethorphan and testosterone were used as probe substrates for CYP2A6, CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4, respectively. Taking their specific metabolites of hydroxylation or demethylation (7-hydroxycoumarin, hydroxybupropion, 4-hydroxytolbutamide, 5-hydroxyomeprazole, dextromethorphan, 6β-hydroxytestosterone) as indicators of enzyme activities. The analytical indexes were used to establish an in vitro model of human liver microsomes of Cocktail probe substrates. This method was applied to evaluate the effects of V. amurensis roots and rhizomes extract and its active constituents on human liver microsomal enzymes. Result::The V. amurensis roots and rhizomes extract had different inhibitory effects on CYP2B6, CYP2C9, CYP2D6 and CYP3A4, their half-inhibitory concentration (IC50) values were 87.49, 1.73, 68.29, 2.80 mg·L-1, respectively. Among the 9 lignans, (-)-massoniresinol-3α-O-β-D-glucopyranoside had a moderate inhibitory effect on CYP2A6 with an IC50 value of 8.51 μmol·L-1, 8, 8′-dihydroxypinoresinol-4, 4′-di-O-β-D-glucopyranoside had a moderate inhibitory effect on CYP2D6 with an IC50 value of 8.73 μmol·L-1, (+)-medioresinol-4, 4′-O-di-β-D-glucopyranoside had a moderate inhibitory effect on CYP2B6 and CYP2C9 with IC50 values of 5.41 μmol·L-1 and 8.20 μmol·L-1. Conclusion::The V. amurensis roots and rhizomes extract and its active constituents have inhibitory effects on liver CYP450 enzymes. Therefore, in the clinical study of new drugs, it is necessary to fully evaluate the risk of drug interactions caused by combination therapy.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873299

ABSTRACT

Objective::To study the spectrum-effect relationship between HPLC fingerprints and anti-hepatoma activity of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis, P. forrestii and P. vietnamensis, and to elucidate its effective substance. Method::HPLC was used to establish the fingerprint of three extracts from the plant. The mobile phase was consisted of acetonitrile (A)-water (B) for gradient elution (0-10 min, 20%A; 10-20 min, 20%-25%A; 20-30 min, 25%-30%A; 30-40 min, 30%-35%A; 40-50 min, 35%-40%A; 50-60 min, 40%A; 60-75 min, 40%-45%A; 75-80 min, 45%-60%A), and the flow rate was 0.9 mL·min-1. The UV detection wavelength was 203 nm. Thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide (MTT) array was used to detect the inhibitory effects of three extracts on the proliferation of HepG2 cells, and the half inhibitory concentration (IC50) was calculated. Cluster analysis and grey relational analysis were used to analyze the data of spectrum and efficacy, and to find out the components that contributed a lot to the anti-liver cancer effect. Result::A total of 11 common peaks were identified as common peaks among HPLC fingerprints of three kinds of Paris. After treated 72 h, P. forrestii has the highest inhibitory effect on the HepG2 cells, the IC50 of P. forrestii, P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and P. vietnamensis were 148.33, 178.87, 208.09 mg·L-1, respectively. According to the grey relational analysis, the common peaks 1-10 from P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis had great correlation to anti-tumor effect, and the common peaks 1-7 for P. forrestii, the common peaks 1-4, 6-10, N1 for P. vietnamensis, all the correlation degrees with IC50 were >0.7.Cluster analysis of variables in each Paris showed that peaks with correlation degree >0.7 could cluster with IC50. Conclusion::The established HPLC fingerprint method is reliable with good reproducibility. The peaks 1-4, 6 and 7 from three kinds of Paris have the greatest contribution to the anti-hepatoma effect.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872378

ABSTRACT

Pre-hospital rescue is key to the emergency medical system. Based on the current pre-hospital emergency standardized system construction in China, the authors explored the standardization of pre-hospital emergency system construction, command dispatch and emergency service quality control standardization, pre-hospital classification standardization, pre-hospital emergency service capacity standardization, pre-hospital emergency and intra-hospital emergency connection standardization, standardized training for pre-hospital emergency doctors and nurses. These efforts aim to achieve such rescue and transfer criteria for patients, as " vicinity, urgency, professional needs, and intension of both patients and their families" . Such criteria if met can further reduce emergency response time and shorten the emergency radius, hence improving emergency medical services.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871353

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the genomic characteristics of H9N2 subtype avian influenza virus in external environmental specimens collected in Huainan city from February to April, 2016.Methods:Specimens positive for H9N2 nucleic acid (Ct value≤30) were screened by fluorescent PCR and cultivated in chicken embryos to extract RNA. Eight gene segments were amplified and analyzed with whole genome sequencing. The molecular characteristics of each gene segment of Huainan strains were analyzed. A phylogenetic tree was constructed based on the sequences.Results:The hemagglutinin (HA) and neuramidinase (NA) genes of two Huainan H9N2 avian influenza strains and the human-derived strain A/Anhui-Lujiang/39/2018/H9N2 shared the homology of 98.2%-98.3% and 97.2%-94.9% in nucleotide and 98.9%-98.8% and 99.2%-98.6% in amino acid. The other six endogenous genes were highly homologous to those of the A/Anhui/1/2013/H7N9 and A/Anhui/33163/2016/H5N6 strains. The phylogenetic tree showed that two H9N2 subtype avian influenza strains isolated in Huainan city in 2016 belonged to G57 genotype, and the endogenous genes of two Huainan H7N9 isolates and human-derived A/Anhui/1/2013/ H7N9 and A/Anhui/33163/2016/H5N6 strains were G57-like genotype. Amino acid mutations in the HA protein receptor binding domain including S132D, K138T, T189D, V/A190T and Q226L were detected. The " TEI" sequence was deleted from the NA stem region. Amino acid mutations associated with drug resistance including H274Y, R292K and N294S were not detected in the isolates, but they carried the mutations of I550L in PA gene, I368V in PB1 gene, I504V in PB2 gene, P42S in NS1 gene, N30D and T215A in M1 gene and S31N in M2 gene.Conclusions:The two H9N2 viruses isolated in the live poultry market in Huainan city were highly homologous to the A/Anhui-Lujiang/39/2018/H9N2 strain isolated from humans. The three strains were within the same evolutionary branch and belonged to G57 genotype. The endogenous genes of the two H9N2 viruses could recombine with H7N9 and H5N6 subtype avian influenza viruses that caused human infection. Amino acid mutations in the HA protein receptor binding domain, deleted sequences in the NA stem region and increased polymerase activity strengthened the ability of viruses to infect humans and were related to the drug resistance to M2 ion channel inhibitors (adamantane). The two Huainan H9N2 viruses remained sensitive to NA inhibitors (oseltamivir phosphate).

17.
Chinese Journal of Nephrology ; (12): 139-144, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870946

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and underlying mechanisms of aspirin on endoplasmic reticulum stress in podocytes induced by hyperlipemia.Methods:Cultured podocytes were divided into four groups: control group, aspirin (100 μg/ml) group, oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL, 100 μg/ml) group, aspirin+ox-LDL group. The expression of protein kinase R-1ike endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (eIF2α), activating transcription factor-4 (ATF4) and CAAT/enhancer binding protein homologous protein (CHOP) at 6 h, 12 h, 24 h, 48 h were evaluated by real-time PCR. The related proteins of p-PERK and p-eIF2α at 24 h and ATF4 at 12 h were evaluated by Western blotting, respectively.Results:The expressions of PERK, eIF2α peaked at 24 h, while ATF4 and CHOP peaked at 12 h in ox-LDL group and aspirin+ox-LDL group. Compared with control group, the expressions of PERK, eIF2α, ATF4 and CHOP were significantly higher in ox-LDL group at each times (all P<0.05). Compared with ox-LDL group, the expressions of the above indicators were significantly lower in aspirin+ox-LDL group at each times (all P<0.05). At 24 h, compared with control group, the expressions of p-PERK and p-eIF2α were significantly higher in ox-LDL group (both P<0.05). Compared with ox-LDL group, the expressions of p-PERK and p-eIF2α were significantly lower in aspirin+ox-LDL group (both P<0.05). At 12 h, the expression of ATF4 protein in each group was similar to that of mRNA. There were no significant difference in the expressions of all indicators between aspirin group and control group. Conclusions:Hyperlipidemia may cause endoplasmic reticulum stress in podocytes by inducing phosphorylation of PERK and eIF2α, activating ATF4 transcription and inducing high expression of CHOP. Aspirin may partially block the PERK pathway, which may have protective effects for podocytes.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815545

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the correlation between screen time, exposure time to different screens and psychology behaviors of preschool children.@*Methods@#A total of 2 582 children from kindergartens in urban Xuzhou areas were recruited to perform the physical examination, a cluster sampling method being explored. Parent questionnaires were performed to understand the time of screens and children’s psychology behaviors. Multi-linear regression and Logistic regression models were also used to analyze the correlation between them in preschool children.@*Results@#The prevalence of abnormal internalization behavior of preschool children in Xuzhou City was 3.8%, the detection rate of abnormal externalization behavior was 22.4%, and the detection rate of prosocial behavior abnormality was 20.9%. The time spent by the preschool boys on TV time, learning day screen time and one-week video time is significantly higher than the girls (P<0.05). After adjusting for age and gender, the results of multiple linear regression analysis showed that the longer the average screen time, the more serious the problem of internalizing and externalizing problems; and the longer the average screen time of the weekend and the week, the worse the prosocial behavior of children (P<0.05). After correcting multiple covariates, it was found that the average screen time was positively correlated with children’s internal and external behavioral problems (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age and gender, the average screen time of study day, weekend and week was a risk factor for preschool children’s internal and external behavior problems, and the average weekly screen time was a protective factor for prosocial behavior (P<0.05). After adjusting for multiple covariates, the learning day and the average weekly screen time were risk factors for children’s internal and external behavior (P<0.05). In addition, the results of association analysis between different types of video time exposure and psychological behavior showed that after adjusting for age and gender, all types of video exposures affected the internal and external behaviors of patients (P<0.05); after correcting multiple covariates The association was still statistically significant (P<0.05). Logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age and gender, the exposure time of each type of video screen was a risk factor for children’s internal and external behavior problems (P<0.05). After correcting multiple covariates, all types of video exposure were internalized behavior problems. The risk factors, and the video time of other electronic products were risk factors for externalization behavior problems (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Average screen time has a significant positive correlation with psychological behavior, and the exposure time of screens such as TV and mobile phone could increase the incidence of psychological behaviors in preschool children.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867918

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of individualized preoperative planning combined with various fixations in the treatment of complex multiplanar deformities at lower extremity.Methods:Four patients with complex multiplanar deformities at lower extremity were treated at Department of Orthopedics, The First Affiliated Hospital to Harbin Medical University from January 2018 to May 2019. They were one male and 3 females, aged from 12 to 65 years (average, 28.8 years). All patients underwent thin-layer (1 mm) CT scan before surgery. Individualized preoperative planning and surgical simulation were conducted using the CT data. 3D printing technology was used to fabricate individualized surgical templates to facilitate osteotomy. Recorded were operation time, frequency of intraoperative fluoroscopy, fracture healing time, Lysholm scores before and after operation, Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) knee function scores, pain scores of visual analogue scale (VAS) and postoperative complications in this cohort.Results:The operation time averaged 160.0 min, the frequency of intraoperative fluoroscopy 5.0 times, the follow-up duration for the 4 patients 8.8 months, the fracture healing time 6.3 months, the Lysholm scores before and after operation 55.8 and 80.5 points respectively, the HSS scores before and after operation 61.0 and 80.8 points respectively, and the VAS scores before and after operation 3.8 and 1.0 points respectively. Accurate osteotomy was achieved with assistance of the templates and no deformation or breakage of the templates was observed. Follow-ups showed fine alignment of the lower extremities by the full-length X-ray films and no recurrence of deformity, infection, implant breakage, or delayed union or non-union of the osteotomy sites.Conclusions:For patients with multiplanar deformities at lower extremity, individualized preoperative planning can be made before surgery to obtain the accurate parameters relevant to the osteotomy. In combination with various fixations, a patient-specific template made by 3D printing can be used to achieve accurate osteotomy, ensuring good efficacy, safety, efficiency and accuracy of the surgery.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777477

ABSTRACT

By the fourth survey of Chinese medicinal resources, new medicinal plants records of 2 genera and 5 species were reported in Tibet. They are two genera Rhynchoglossum and Asteropyrum, and five species including Rh. obliquum, A. peltatum, Urena repanda, Schefflera khasiana and Mimulus tenellus. All the voucher specimens are preserved in Herbarium of Tibet Agriculture and Animal Husbandry University.


Subject(s)
Araliaceae , Classification , Lamiales , Classification , Malvaceae , Classification , Plants, Medicinal , Classification , Ranunculaceae , Classification , Tibet
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