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1.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 22-28, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003440

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the effect of low concentrations of sodium fluoride on the osteogenic/odontogenic differentiation of human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) in vitro.@*Methods@#This study was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee. hDPCs were cultured using a modified tissue explant technique in vitro. The effects of different concentrations of sodium fluoride on the proliferation of hDPCs were measured by methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Appropriate concentrations were added to the osteogenic/odontogenic differentiation induction medium, and the cells were induced in vitro. Alizarin red S staining was used to detect the osteoblastic/odontogenic differentiation ability of the cells, and the mRNA expression of the key differentiation factors was detected by RT-qPCR. Moreover, the expression of key molecules of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) was detected by RT-qPCR and Western blot. The data were analyzed with the SPSS 18.0 software package.@*Results@#Low concentration of NaF (0.1 mmol/L) could stimulate cell proliferation in vitro, while a high concentration (5-10 mmol/L) could inhibit cell proliferation (P<0.05). According to the literature and the experimental data, 0.1 mmol/L NaF was selected as the following experimental concentration. The levels of alizarin red S staining were increased after NaF induction of mixed osteogenic/odontogenic differentiation in vitro. The mRNA expression levels of key molecules for osteogenic/odontogenic differentiation, dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP), bone sialoprotein (BSP) and osteocalcin (OCN), were increased (P<0.05). The mRNA levels of ERS markers (splicing x-box binding protein-1 (sXBP1), glucose-regulated protein 78 (GRP78) and activating transcription Factor 4 (ATF4) were increased in NaF-treated cells. The protein expression levels of key ER stress molecules (phosphorylated RNA-activated protein kinase-like ER-resident kinase (p-PERK), phosphorylated eukaryotic initiation factor-2α (p-eIF2α) and ATF4) were higher in NaF-treated cells.@*Conclusion@#A low concentration of NaF promotes the osteogenic/odontogenic differentiation of hDPCs and increases the level of ER stress.

2.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 445-449, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981713

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To verify the safety of three dimensional printing percutaneous guide plate assisted percutaneous kyphoplasty(PKP) in the treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures(OVCFs).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 60 patients with OVCFs treated by PKP from November 2020 to August 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 24 males and 36 females, aged from 72 to 86 years old with an average of (76.5±7.9) years. Routine percutaneous kyphoplasty was performed in 30 cases (conventional group) and three dimensional printing percutaneous guide plate assisted PKP was performed in 30 cases (guide plate group). Intraoperative pedicle puncture time (puncture needle to posterior vertebral body edge) and number of fluoroscopy, total operation time, total number of fluoroscopy, amount of bone cement injection, and complication (spinal canal leakage of bone cement) were observed. The visual analogue scale (VAS) and the anterior edge compression rate of the injured vertebra were compared before operation and 3 days after operation between two groups.@*RESULTS@#All 60 patients were successfully operated without complication of spinal canal leakage of bone cement. In the guide plate group, the pedicle puncture time was(10.23±3.15) min and the number of fluoroscopy was(4.77±1.07) times, the total operation time was (33.83±4.21) min, the total number of fluoroscopy was(12.27±2.61) times;and in the conventional group, the pedicle puncture time was (22.83±3.09) min and the number of fluoroscopy was (10.93±1.62) times, the total operation time was(44.33±3.57) min, the total number of fluoroscopy was(19.20±2.67) times. There were statistically significant differences in the pedicle puncture time, intraoperative number of fluoroscopy, the total operation time, and the total number of fluoroscopy between the two groups(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in amount of bone cement injection between the two groups(P>0.05). There were no significant differences in VAS and the anterior edge compression rate of the injured vertebra at 3 days after operation between two groups(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Three dimensional printing percutaneous guide plate assisted percutaneous kyphoplasty is safe and reliable, which can reduce the number of fluoroscopy, shorten the operation time, and decrease the radiation exposure of patients and medical staff, and conforms to the concept of precise orthopaedic management.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Kyphoplasty/methods , Fractures, Compression/surgery , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Bone Cements , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Osteoporotic Fractures/surgery
3.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 128-133, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991190

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of CT and MRI imageomics based on machine learning method in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 62 patients with surgically resected and pathologically confirmed pancreatic cancer, who underwent enhanced CT scan, MRI plain or enhanced scan in Shanghai General Hospital between January 2014 and December 2021 were collected. According to the chronological order of surgery, 49 patients from January 2014 to December 2020 were enrolled in the training set and 13 patients from January 2021 to December 2021 were enrolled in the validation set. 3D-slicer 4.8.1 software was used to draw the region of interest in each layer of CT and MRI images for cancerous and paracancerous tissue segment. Image features were extracted by Python and the optimal feature set from the training set data was obtained by using Lasso regression model. The machine learning decision tree model was constructed. The receiver operating characteristic curve(ROC) curve was drawn, and the area under the curve (AUC) was calculated to evaluate the value of these three kinds of imageomics models in the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer.Results:The 1 767 CT features and 1 674 MRI features were obtained from enhanced CT scan, MRI plain scan and enhanced MRI scan, respectively. For the differential diagnosis model of cancerous tissue and paracancerous tissue, the enhanced CT scan data model obtained the optimal feature set involving 6 features, the MRI plain scan model obtained the optimal feature set involving 16 features, and the enhanced MRI scan model obtained the optimal feature set involving 15 features. The diagnostic model based on enhanced CT scan had an AUC of 0.98 in the training set and 1 in the verification group. The AUC of the MRI plain scan and enhanced MRI scan models in both the training set and the validation set was 1. The specificity and sensitivity of machine learning decision tree model based on the three kinds of imageomics models in the diagnosis of cancerous tissue and paracancerous tissue were 100%. For the differential diagnosis model of splenic artery wrapping, the enhanced CT scan model didn′t obtain the optimal features and had no diagnostic efficacy. The MRI plain scan model and enhanced MRI scan model obtained the optimal feature set involving 5 and 4 features, respectively. The AUC of the MRI plain scan model in the training set and the validation set were 0.862 and 0.750, respectively, with diagnostic sensitivity of 93.8% and 50.0%, and specificity of 78.6% and 100%, respectively. The AUC of the enhanced MRI scan model in the training set and the validation set were 0.950 and 0.861, respectively, with diagnostic sensitivity of 90.0% and 93.6%, and specificity of 100% and 78.6%, respectively.Conclusions:Based on the radiomics of CT enhanced, MRI plain scan and enhanced MRI scan, the machine learning diagnostic model has an accuracy of more than 90% in differentiating pancreatic cancer from paracancerous tissue. For the differentiation of splenic artery wrapping in pancreatic cancer, the diagnostic model based on enhanced MRI scan haS the best diagnostic efficiency.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pancreatology ; (6): 108-113, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991187

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of NOD-like receptor protein 3(NLRP3) inflammasome activation on the proliferation, migration and extracellular matrix desposition of activated pancreatic stellate cells(PSCs).Methods:The rat PSCs were isolated, cultured and identified, and were divided into control group or LPS group based on the pretreatment with LPS (10 μg/ml for 24 hours) or without. The expression of NLRP3 inflammasome associated molecules in PSCs culture medium was detected by ELISA. The PSCs with NLRP3 inhibition were constructed by shRNA carrying lentivirus infection and were divided into LPS+ negative control group and LPS+ lentivirus group based on whether the cells were treated with LPS and infected by lentivirus or not. The alteration in cell proliferation and migration were detected by CCK-8 kit and transwell chamber method. The expression of extracellular matrix α-SMA and collagen in PSCs was detected by immunofluorescence staining and the expression of TGF-β mRNA was analyzed by RT-qPCR.Results:The cytoplasm of PSCs which were cultured for 24 hours was rich in bright annular lipid droplets, and the cells expressed desmin. After 7 days of culture, the cell became larger in size, the lipid droplets basically disappeared, and the cells were activated and expressed α-SMA. The expression of caspase-1, IL-1β and IL-18 in the supernatant of PSCs culture medium in LPS group were significantly higher than those in control group (1.55±0.04 vs 0.65±0.03), (2.02±0.04 vs 1.05±0.05) and (1.70±0.05 vs 0.97±0.03), respectively. After inhibiting by lentivirus infection, the expression of NLRP3 in the lentivirus group (0.25±0.04) was significantly lower than that in negative control group (0.68±0.05). In control group, LPS group, LPS+ negative control group and LPS+ lentivirus group, the A490 values was 0.61±0.02, 1.15±0.06, 0.96±0.05, and 0.56±0.01, respectively; the migrating PSCs number was (64.12±4.58), (121.67±8.02), (111.67±4.67) and (69.67±8.08)/HF, respectively; the relative expression of α-SMA was 0.78±0.05, 4.12±0.04, 3.81±0.06 and 0.88±0.05, respectively; the relative expression of collagen was 0.65±0.03, 3.43±0.02, 2.67±0.02 and 0.48±0.03, respectively; and the expression of TGF-β mRNA was 0.22±0.03, 0.89±0.01, 0.86±0.03 and 0.43±0.02, respectively. The A490 value, the migrating cells number, the expression of α-SMA, collagen and the expression of TGF-β mRNA in LPS group and LPS+ negative control group was significantly higher than those in control group and LPS+ lentivirus group, and all the differences were statistically significant (all P value <0.05). Conclusions:NLRP3 inflammasome activation may accelerate the extracellular matrix deposition and pancreatic fibrogenesis by promoting PSCs proliferation and migration ability via regulating the biological functions.

5.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 934-939, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008149

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the relationship between diurnal temperature range (DTR) and the hospitalization of stroke in Lanzhou,so as to provide a scientific basis for probing into the mechanism of temperature changes in inducing stroke and formulating comprehensive prevention and control measures for stroke by relevant departments.Methods The information of the patients hospitalized due to stroke in Lanzhou during January 2014 to December 2019 and the air pollutants (PM10,SO2,and NO2) and meteorological data in the same period were collected for statistical analysis.Spearman rank correlation analysis was performed to analyze the correlations between air pollutants and meteorological factors.The distributed lag nonlinear model was adopted to fit the relationship between DTR and the number of stroke inpatients,and three-dimensional diagrams and the correlation diagrams of DTR against stroke risk were established.The stratified analysis was performed according to gender and age (< 65 years and ≥65 years).Results From 2014 to 2019,a total of 92 812 stroke patients were hospitalized in Lanzhou,with a male-to-female ratio of 1.35:1.There was a nonlinear relationship between DTR and the number of stroke inpatients in Lanzhou,which presented a lag effect.The low DTR at 4.5 ℃ had the largest RR value of 1.25 (95%CI=1.16-1.35) for stroke inpatients at a cumulative lag of 18 d.The effect of high DTR (18.5 ℃) on the hospitalization of stroke patients peaked at a cumulative lag of 21 d,with an RR value of 1.09 (95%CI=1.01-1.18).The stratified analysis results suggested that low levels of DTR had greater effects on the hospitalization of male stroke patients and stroke patients <65 years.Conclusions Short-term exposure to different levels of DTR had an impact on the number of stroke inpatients,and low levels of DTR had a slightly greater impact on stroke inpatients than high levels of DTR.Importance should be attached to the protection of males and people aged <65 years at low levels of DTR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Temperature , Stroke , Cold Temperature , Hot Temperature , Air Pollutants , China/epidemiology
6.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 289-300, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928970

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Major depressive disorder (MDD) patients with anhedonia tend to have a poor prognosis. The underlying imaging basis for anhedonia in MDD remains largely unknown. The relationship between nodal properties and anhedonia in MDD patients need to be further investigated. Herein, this study aims to explore differences of cerebral functional node characteristics in MDD patients with severe anhedonia (MDD-SA) and MDD patients with mild anhedonia (MDD-MA) before and after the antidepressant treatment.@*METHODS@#Ninety participants with current MDD were recruited in this study. 24-Item Hamilton Depression Scale (HAMD-24) and Snaith-Hamilton Pleasure Scale (SHAPS) were used to assess the severity of depression and anhedonia at baseline and the end of 6-months treatment. The MDD patients who scored above the 25th percentile on the SHAPS were assigned to an MDD-SA group (n=19), while those who scored below the 25th percentile were assigned to an MDD-MA group (n=18). All patients in the 2 groups received antidepressant treatment. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) images of all the patients were collected at baseline and the end of 6-months treatment. Graph theory was applied to analyze the patients' cerebral functional nodal characteristics, which were measured by efficiency (ei) and degree (ki).@*RESULTS@#Repeated measures 2-factor ANCOVA showed significant main effects on group on the ei and ki values of left superior frontal gyrus (LSFG) (P=0.003 and P=0.008, respectively), and on the ei and ki values of left medial orbital-frontal gyrus (LMOFG) (P=0.004 and P=0.008, respectively). Compared with the MDD-MA group, the significantly higher ei and ki values of the LSFG (P=0.015 and P=0.021, respectively), and the significantly higher ei and ki values of the LMOFG (P=0.015 and P=0.037, respectively) were observed in the MDD-SA group at baseline. Meanwhile, higher SHAPS scores could result in higher ei and ki values of LSFG (P=0.019 and P=0.026, respectively), and higher ei value of LMOFG (P=0.040) at baseline; higher SHAPS scores could result in higher ei values of LSFG (P=0.049) at the end of 6-months treatment. The multiple linear regression analysis revealed that sex were negatively correlated with the ei and ki values of LSFG (r= -0.014, P=0.004; r=-1.153, P=0.001, respectively). The onset age of MDD was negatively correlated with the ki value of LSFG (r=-0.420, P=0.034) at the end of 6-months treatment. We also found that SHAPS scores at baseline were positively correlated with the HAMD-24 scores (r=0.387, P=0.022) at the end of 6-months treatment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are obvious differences in nodal properties between the MDD-SA and the MDD-MA patients, such as the high ei of LSFG in the MDD-SA patients, which may be associated with the severity of anhedonia. These nodal properties could be potential biomarkers for the prognosis of MDD. The increased ei and ki values in the LSFG of MDD-SA patients may underlie a compensatory mechanism or protective mechanism. The mechanism may be an important component of the pathological mechanism of MDD-SA. The poor prognosis in the MDD-SA patients suggests that anhedonia may predict a worse prognosis in MDD patients. Sex and onset age of MDD may affect the nodal properties of LSFG at baseline and the end of 6-months treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Anhedonia , Antidepressive Agents/therapeutic use , Depressive Disorder, Major/drug therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Prefrontal Cortex
7.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 245-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920528

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) is used to mimic ischemia in vitro to observe whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress is involved in human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) after OGD and to better understand the regulatory mechanism of hDPCs in ischemia.@*Methods@# hDPCs were cultured in glucose-free DMEM and hypoxia (volume fraction 2% O2) to establish an hDPCs OGD model in vitro, which mimics hDPCs ischemia in vitro. hDPCs were divided into a control group (normal culture) and an experimental group (OGD 0 h, 2 h, 4 h and 8 h groups). After pretreatment with OGD for 0, 2, 4 and 8 h, hDPC viability was measured by methylthiazol tetrazolium (MTT) assay. qRT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of ER stress markers [splicing x-box binding protein1 (sXBP1), activating transcription Factor 4 (ATF4) and C/EBP homologous protein (chop)]. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of ER stress markers [phosphorylated RNA-activated protein kinase-like ER-resident kinase (p-perk) and phosphorylated eukaryotic initiation factor-2α (p-eIF2α)]. @*Results@#Compared with OGD 0 h group, cell viability of hDPCs decreased when exposed to OGD treatment for 2 h, 4 h and 8 h. Compared with the control group, mRNA expressions of ER stress makers (sXBP1, ATF4 and chop) and the protein expressions of ER stress protein markers (p-perk andp-eIF2α) increased in OGD treatment cells after 4 h were higher in OGD cells. The differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The results indicate that ER stress response is involved in hDPCs in OGD treatment.

8.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 536-543, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942920

ABSTRACT

Objective: Total mesorectal excision (TME) is the gold standard for surgical treatment of mid-low rectal cancer, but the postoperative incidence of urination and sexual dysfunction is relatively high. Preserving the Denonvilliers fascia (DF) during TME can reduce the postoperative incidence of urination and sexual dysfunction. In this study, high resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to observe the imaging performance and display of DF, so as to determine the value of this technique in preoperative evaluation of the preservation of DF. Methods: A descriptive cohort study was carried out. Clinical data of patients with rectal cancer who underwent TME and received preoperative high-resolution MRI at department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from August 2015 to June 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The characteristics of DF were examined, and the shortest distance (d) between the anterior edge of tumor and DF was measured on high-resolution MRI. The distance d was compared between patients with stage T1-T2 and those with stage T3. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis was used to determine the predictive value of d for stage T1-T2 disease. Results: Thirty-two patients were enrolled in the study, including 27 males and 5 females with mean age of (62.9±8.9) years. DF was visualized in 96.9% (31/32) of cases on the T2WI sequence. The mean distance d in patients with stage T1-T2 disease (n=23) was (6.73±2.65) mm, and in those with stage T3 disease (n=9) was (1.30±1.15) mm (t=5.893, P<0.001). A cutoff of d >3 mm yielded specificity and positive predictive value for diagnosing stage T1-T2 disease of both 100%, sensitivity of 95.7% and negative predictive value of 90%. The optimum threshold of d was >3.05 mm, and Youden index was 0.957. Conclusions: High-resolution MRI can show the DF and accurately evaluate the relationship of DF with tumor in rectal cancer patients. Analysis on d value can provide an objective basis for the safe preservation of DF.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cohort Studies , Fascia/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasm Staging , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies
9.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 66(1): 31-35, Jan. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091903

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia is a rarely agentic disorder of the lipoprotein metabolism intimately related to premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease that can lead to high disability and mortality. Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia typically affects not only the aortic root, compromising the coronary ostia, but also affects other territories such as the carotid, descending aorta, and renal arteries. Multi-contrast high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) provides a validated and useful method to characterize carotid artery atherosclerotic plaques quantitatively. However, very few studies have been done on assessing plaque composition in patients with Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia using high-resolution MRI. This report is to evaluate the value of MRI in accessing carotid artery disease in patients with Homozygous familial hypercholesterolemia. We describe a 28-year-old patient from Beijing, China, who presented to the Neurology Clinic with intermittent blurred vision of the right eye, headache, nausea, and vomiting for eight years without obvious causes. Familial hypercholesterolemia was suspected based on medical history and laboratory examination. Carotid Doppler ultrasound showed bilateral common carotid artery, internal carotid artery, and external carotid artery wall thickening with hyperechoic signals. Subsequently, high-resolution multi-contrast MRI of the carotid showed calcification with hypo-intense areas located at the middle layer of the plaque, with moderate stenosis. The plaque located at the right bifurcation of the common carotid artery extended to the internal carotid artery, causing lumen stenosis close to occlusion. The patient was treated with right carotid artery endarterectomy. At a 6-month follow-up, there had been no recurrence of the patient's symptoms.


RESUMO A hipercolesterolemia familiar homozigótica, uma doença patogênica rara do metabolismo da lipoproteína intimamente relacionada com a doença cardiovascular aterosclerótica prematura, pode conduzir a uma elevada deficiência e mortalidade. A hipercolesterolemia familiar homozigótica afeta tipicamente não só a raiz aórtica, comprometendo os óstios coronários, mas também outros territórios, como a carótida, a aorta descendente e as artérias renais. Imagens de ressonância magnética multicontraste de alta resolução (RM) fornecem um método validado e útil para caracterizar quantitativamente as placas de aterosclerose da artéria carótida. No entanto, muito poucos estudos foram feitos sobre a avaliação da composição da placa em doentes com hipercolesterolemia familiar homozigótica utilizando ressonância magnética de alta resolução. Este trabalho deve avaliar o valor da ressonância magnética no acesso à doença da artéria carótida em doentes com hipercolesterolemia familiar homozigótica. Descrevemos um paciente de 28 anos de Pequim, China, que se apresentou à clínica neurológica com visão turva intermitente do olho direito, dor de cabeça, náuseas e vômitos por oito anos sem causas aparentes. Suspeitava-se de hipercolesterolemia familiar com base no histórico médico e no exame laboratorial. O ultrassom Doppler carotídeo mostrou uma artéria carótida bilateral comum, artéria carótida interna e parede da carótida externa espessando-se com sinais hiperecoicos. Posteriormente, a ressonância multicontraste de alta resolução da carótida mostrou calcificação com áreas hipointensas localizadas na camada média da placa, com estenose moderada. A placa localizada na bifurcação direita da artéria carótida comum estendia-se até a artéria carótida interna, causando estenose do lúmen próxima à oclusão. O paciente foi tratado com endarterectomia da artéria carótida direita. Em seis meses de acompanhamento, não houve recorrência dos sintomas do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Carotid Stenosis/diagnostic imaging , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/diagnostic imaging , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery, External/pathology , Carotid Artery, External/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery, Internal/pathology , Carotid Artery, Internal/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color/methods , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/pathology , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
10.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 343-345, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818944

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the Blomia tropicalis breeding status in the ground dust rice collected in Haikou City. Methods Totally 17 samples of ground dust rice were collected from 10 sampling sites in Haikou City. Then 10 g of dust rice was taken from each individual sample for isolation of the mites that were made of slide specimen, and the mites were identified and classified under a microscope. Results B. tropicalis mites were found in all the 17 samples with the detection rate of 100%. A total of 1 176 heads of B. tropicalis were isolated, with an average breeding density of 6.91 heads/g. Conclusion B. tropicalis breeding status is severe in Haikou City. The effective measures should be taken to prevent and control the harm associated with B. tropicalis contamination.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 389-392, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-699131

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the predictive value of the plasma D-dimer levels on stage and response to chemotherapy of the pancreatic cancer (PC).Methods The retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted.The clinicopathological data of 212 PC patients who were admitted to the Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center between December 2016 and May 2017 were collected.Plasma D-dimer levels of 212 patients were measured,and relationship between plasma D-dimer levels and clinicopathological features or response to chemotherapy were analyzed.Observation indicators:(1) relationship between clinicopathological features and positive rate of plasma D-dimer before treatment;(2) relationship between response to chemotherapy and plasma D-dimer levels;(3) follow-up and survival situations.Follow-up using telephone interview was performed to detect survival of patients up to January 2018.Comparisons of count data were analyzed using chi-square test.Measurement data with skewed distribution were described as M (range).Results (1) Relationship between clinicopathological features and positive rate of plasma D-dimer before treatment:positive rate of plasma D-dimer before treatment was respectively 18.37% (9/49),43.64% (24/55),53.85% (28/52),80.36% (45/56) in patients with stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ A,ⅡB,Ⅲ and Ⅳ of TNM staging and 43.59%(17/39),24.62%(16/65) in patients with low-differentiated tumor and high-and moderate-differentiated tumor,with statistically significantly differences (x2 =41.454,4.051,P<0.05).(2) Relationship between response to chemotherapy and plasma D-dimer levels:of 212 PC patients,108 received pathological diagnosis by endoscopic ultrasonography or liver puncture,and then underwent 4-6 cycles chemotherapy with gemcitabine.Of 108 patients,response to chemotherapy of 59 patients was partial remission or stable disease,plasma D-dimer level before treatment was increased in 39 patients (28 with reduced plasma D-dimer level after treatment) and normal in 20 patients;response to chemotherapy of 49 patients was progressive disease,plasma D-dimer level before treatment was increased in 34 patients (8 with reduced plasma D-dimer level after treatment) and normal in 15 patients.There was no statistically significant difference in proportion of patients with increased plasma D-dimer level before treatment (x2=0.132,P>0.05),and there was a statistically significant difference in proportion of patients with reduced plasma D-dimer level after treatment (x2 =16.929,P<0.05).(3) Follow-up and survival situations:212 patients were followed up for 3.5-12.0 months,with a median time of 7.5 months.During the follow-up,7 patients died and 205 had survival.Conclusion The plasma D-dimer level is significantly associated with TNM staging of the PC,tumor differentiation and response to chemotherapy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 902-907, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698473

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:A new-type nano-bionic anti-adhesion hernia mesh was developed in our previous research.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the mechanical properties and cytocompatibility of the new-type nano-bionic anti-adhesion hernia mesh.METHODS:The tensile strength of the compound hernia mesh was detected using a textile detector.Mouse fibroblasts (L929) were cultured with the compound hernia mesh,and cell structures on the mesh surface were observed under electron microscope at 1,3,5 days after culture.In addition,L929 cells were co-cultured with compound hernia mesh,polypropylene patch,and polyester patch,respectively.Cells cultured alone were used as negative controls.After 1,3,5 days of culture,MTS array was used to detect cell proliferation and evaluate cytotoxicity;after 3 days of culture,western blot was used to detect the content of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagens.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:The average tensile strength of the compound hernia mesh was 31.2 N The number of fibroblasts on the nanofibrous layer of the compound hernia mesh increased as long as cultured.The cells spread along the nanofibers and pseudopodia extended from the cells formed polygon and fusiform structures,with a good cross-linking with the mesh.A complete cell layer covered all pores of the nanofibers at 5 days.The cytotoxicity of the nanofibrous layer of the compound hernia mesh was graded 0,and the cytotoxicity was graded 1 of polypropylene and polyester patches.All the three kinds of patches fulfilled the implantation requirements,and the compound hernia mesh had better biological properties.No significant differences were found among groups in the contents of type Ⅰ and Ⅲ collagens at 3 days of culture.To conclude,the new-type nano-bionic anti-adhesion hernia mesh has good mechanical properties and cytocompatibility.

13.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 621-626, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-691159

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To discuss arthroscopic technique of double-root line double tunnel fixation for tibial intercondylar ridge avulsion fracture and its short-term followvup observational results.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>From May 2012 to June 2017, 21 cases of tibial intercondylar ridge avulsion fractures were treated with arthroscope double line double tunnel. Among the patients, 16 males and 5 females were ranging in age from 17 to 45 years old, with an average of 29.6 years old, and injury to surgery time 3 to 6 days, with an average of 3.6 days. All the patients underwent arthroscopic exploration, fracture reduction, double root line fixation. The knee function was assessed at 3 and 6 months postoperatively using the Lysholm knee score, and the healing and resection of the patients were followed by X-ray examination.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All patients were followed up for 7 to 23 months, with an average of 12.8 months. All patients after fracture were bone healing, knee activity were gained their previous normal levels (ranged, 0° to 130 °), and no limb dysfunction. The average scores of Lysholm knee were(93.52±7.10) and(95.95±6.34) points in 3 months and 6 months after operation.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Arthroscopic treatment of tibial intercondylar ridge avulsion fractures with double root line is simple and reliable, and can provide an ideal internal fixation method for tibial intercondylar ridge avulsion fractures.</p>

14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 566-571, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611947

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effectiveness of expandable intramedullary nail(EIMN) versus locked compression plate (LCP) in the treatment of humeral shaft fractures of AO types A and B.Methods The clinical data were retrospectively analyzed and compared of the 44 humeral shaft fractures which had been treated between May 2012 and February 2016.There were 26 men and 18 women,from 23 to 66 years of age (average,41.5 years).By AO classification,22 cases were type 12-A and 22 type 12-B.EINM was used in 22 patients with an average age of 41.3 ± 1 1.7 years and LCP in 22 ones with an average age of 41.6 ± 10.3 years.The 2 groups were compared in terms of intraoperative blood loss,operative time,hospital stay,union time,union rate,Constant and Mayo scores at the final follow-ups,and complications as well.Results The 2 groups were compatible without significant differences in the preoperative demographic data (P > 0.05).All the 44 patients were followed up for 10 to 18 months (average,12 months).The intraoperative blood loss (76.4 ± 18.66 mL),operative time (69.1 ± 13.2 min),incision length (5.8 ± 1.5 cm) and union time (13.2 ± 8.4 w) in the EIMN group were significantly better than those in the LCP group (138.6 ± 39.4 mL,96.4 ± 14.2 min,8.5 ± 1.4 cm and 18.4 ± 6.6 w,respectively) (P < 0.05).There was also a significant difference between the 2 groups in the total complication rate[18.2% (4/22) versus 50.0% (11/22)] (P <0.05).No deep infection or should pain was observed in either group.Conclusions Inthe treatment of humeral shaft fractures of AO types 42-A and 42-B,compared with LCP,EIMN may have advantages of less intraoperative blood loss,operative time,union time and complications.The 2 methods are similar in hospital stay and final functional recovery of the should joint.

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Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1069-1074, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-610996

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Objective To compare the results between double-threaded compression screws and cannulated lag screws for Garden type Ⅰ/Ⅱ femoral neck fractures.Methods Data of 56 patients with Garden type Ⅰ/Ⅱ femoral neck fractures who were treated with internal fixation from July 2012 to March 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.According to different fixation,the patients were divided into two groups:double-threaded screws group (group A) including 27 cases (7 males and 20 females,with an average age of 55.5±10.0 years,14 cases Garden type Ⅰ and 13 cases Garden type Ⅱ,the proportion of osteoporosis 10/27;And lag screws group (group B) including 29 cases (8 males and 21 females,with an average age of 57.2±9.5 years,11 cases Garden type Ⅰ and 18 cases Garden type Ⅱ,the proportion of osteoporosis 15/29.The 2 groups were compared with respect to bony fusion time,nonunion,avascular necrosis of femoral head,shortening of femoral neck and Harris Hip Score.Results The average follow-up time was 20.3±8.7 m in Group A and 24.5±7.9 m in Group B.The average bony fusion time was 5.3±0.6 m in Group A and 4.1±0.8 m in Group B,and there was significant difference between the groups (t=5.758,P=0.00).1 avascular necrosis of femoral head was found in both groups.In group A,there were 3 cases of bone nonunion (11.1%,3/27).There were one bone nonunion (3.4%,1/29) case in group B,with no statistically significant difference between groups.Shortening of femoral neck occurred in both groups,the average horizontal shortening was 5.8±2.9 mm and vertical shortening 7.0±3.4 mm in Group A,which were lower than group B (8.2±3.1 mm,9.4±3.6 mm),and the differences showed statistically significant (t=-2.94,P=0.005;t=-2.48,P=0.016).In group A,the average Harris Hip score was 88.2±8.3,while that in group B was 89.9±7.2.There was no statistically significant difference between two groups.Conclusion It seems to us that in the treatment of Garden type Ⅰ/Ⅱ femoral neck fractures,doublethreaded compression screws fixation could reduce femoral neck shortening,but there is no difference on functional outcome compared to cannulated lag screws fixation.On the contrary,double-threaded compression screws fixation is not conducive to fracture healing due to lack of sliding compression.

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Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2069-2075, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338797

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<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>It remains controversial whether patients with Stage II colorectal cancer would benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy after radical resection. The aim of this study was to establish two mathematical models to identify the suitable patients for adjuvant chemotherapy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The current study comprised of two steps. In the first step, 353 patients with Stage II colorectal cancer who underwent surgical procedures at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University between June 2006 and December 2015 were entered and followed up for 6-120 months. Their clinical data were collected and enrolled into the database. We established two mathematical models by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis to identify the target patients; in the second step, 230 patients under the same standard between January 2012 and December 2016 were entered and followed up for 3-62 months to verify the two models' validation.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In the first step, totally 340 surgical patients with Stage II colorectal cancer were finally enrolled in this study. Statistical analysis showed that tumor differentiation (TD) (P < 0.001), lymphovascular invasion (LVI) (P < 0.001), uncertain or positive margins (UPM) (P < 0.001), and fewer lymph nodes (LNs) (<12) retrieved (P < 0.001) were correlated with the overall survival (OS) and disease free survival (DFS). We obtained two models: (1) OS risk score = 1.116 × TD + 2.202 × LVI + 3.676 × UPM + 1.438 × LN - 0.493; (2) DFS risk score = 0.789 × TD + 2.074 × LVI + 3.183 × UPM + 1.329 × LN - 0.432. According to the models and cutoff points [(0.07, 1.33) and (-0.04, 1.30), respectively], patients can be divided into three groups: low-risk, moderate-risk, and high-risk. Moreover, the high-risk group patients could benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy. In the second step, totally 221 patients were finally used to verify the models' validation. The results proved that the models were accurate and feasible (P< 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>According to the predictive models, patients with Stage II colorectal cancer in the high-risk group are strongly recommended for adjuvant chemotherapy, thus facilitating the individualized and precise treatment.</p>

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Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 689-693, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667536

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Objective To investigate the mechanism of miR-758 in hepatocellular carcinoma cell HepG2,and to investigate the regulatory role of miR-758 on astrocyte elevated gene-1 (AEG-1).Methods Transient transfection of miR-758 into HepG2 cells was performed to study the effect of miR-758 on tumor cell metastasis by transwell migration and invasion experiments.CCK8 assay was used to detect the cell proliferation activity.The cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry.The effect of miR-758 on epidermal mesenchymal transition (EMT) was determined by the expression of EMT markers.Transient transfection of miR-758 into human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was performed to explore the effect of miR-758 on luminal formation.AEG-1 3'UTR containing the binding site of miR-758 was constructed into luciferase expression vector.The miR-758 and the vector was co-transfected into HepG2 cells.And then the change in expression level of AEG-1 protein was detected through Western Blot.Results The overexpression of miR-758 inhibited HepG2 cell migration and invasion,as well as the cell proliferation and the cell cycle.The miR-758 was also found to inhibit EMT of HepG2 cells and the lumen formation of HUVEC cells.After the co-transfection of miR-758 with the plasmid containing AEG-1 gene 3'UTR into HepG2 cells,the luciferase expression was decreased.The luciferase expression was restored when the binding site of miR-758 in the 3'UTR was mutated.Further evidence by Western Blot showed the protein level of AEG-1 in HepG2 cells was significantly decreased after transfection of miR-758.Conclusions The miR-758 negatively regulates multiple steps during cancer metastasis,including cell migration,invasion,cell proliferation,EMT,as well as angiogenesis.And AEG-1 has been identified as a downstream target of miR-758.

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International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 662-666, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502110

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Blood blister-like aneurysms mostly originate from the non-bifurcation sites of the internal carotid artery.They have the characteristics of the aneurysm wall fragile and wide neck.Currently they were treated with neurosurgical procedures and endovascular interventional techniques.This article reviews the advances in the treatment of blood blister-like aneurysms of the internal carotid artery.

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Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 506-508, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462287

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Objective To analyze the investigation results of an acute respiratory infection outbreak caused by adenovirus and provide scientific information for the prevention and control of congener public health emergencies .Methods A case‐control study was performed with grades and gender as matching factor ,all cases and selected controls were investigated with the same question‐naire .Results A totul of 47 cases were diagnosed in the outbreak ,no death ,the attack rate was 8 .88% ;the main clinical symptom was fever and 27 .7% of the cases became pneumonia .The case‐control study analysis demonstrated that with close contact to cases or not(χ2 =7 .96 ,P<0 .05) ,contact time (χ2 =7 .95 ,P<0 .05) ,hand washing habits (χ2 =25 .92 ,P<0 .05) and with or without the habit of cleaning snivel by hand directly (χ2 =22 .78 ,P<0 .05) were statistically different between cases and controls .Conclu‐sion long‐time contact to cases maybe the main risk factor for the adenovirus infection ,especially the contact manner were sharing the same desk or playing together .A good health habit of washing hands often and no cleaning snivel by hand directly were impor‐tant protective factors .Thus ,strengthening the training of health habit and awareness is the important preventive measure for re‐spiratory infectious diseases .

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Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 323-327, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-483142

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Objective To investigate the clinical application of 3.0 T mobile iMRI and neuronavigation in the microsurgical operation for the high grade gliomas in brain functional area.Methods The clinical data of 47 cases which were operated from April,2012 to August,2014 assisted by intraoperative magnetic resonance and neruonavigation system were analyzed retrospectively,including 19 cases of near the frontal motor areas,21 cases of closed to the dominant hemisphere language areas,and 7 cases of involved multiple lobes of the brain.The operative plans were made before the operative day using 3.0 T iMRI for T1-MPRAGE plain and enhancement magnetic resonance imaging sequence,diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) sequence and blood oxygenation level dependent functional MRI (BOLD-fMRI) sequence scanning.Before the start of operation,the margin of the tumor was marked on the scalp,and removed the tumor under the microscopy,according to the need 1-4 iMRI plain scan and enhanced scan were applied to reconstruct the real-time imaging of the residual tumors and corticospinal tract,and gained once more chances to remove the tumor repeatedly,until the tumor was removed totally,accurately and safely.Results The total resection rate increased from 63.8% (30/47) to 95.7% (45/47) by repeated resection,and 2 cases (4.3% lesions) with subtotal resection.The dysfunction of motion and the language barrier got worse in 4 patients (8.5%).No cases with sever complication such as death and severe disability after operation.There were no intracranial hemorrhage,infection and other adverse events.Patients were followed up with nervous system symptoms and head MRI,the follow-up period was 3 months-2 years.Twenty-eight cases (59.6%) ob-tained good clinical efficacy;the dysfunction of motion and the language barrier got worse in 4 cases (8.5%);the symptoms and tumors recurrenced in 15 cases (31.9%).Conclusion The 3.0 T mobile iMRI system combined with functional neuronavigation can accurately display the relationships among the motor and language cortex,tumors and white matter fiber bundles real-timely.The extent of the tumor resection can be assessed accurately by real-time images provided by iMRI,and the residual tumor have chames to be resected repeatedly,until the tumors were resected totally before operation finished.The iMRI system can correct intraoperative brain shift timely.The total resection rate can be improved safely and accurately by one or more times resection.

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