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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 506-512, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827036

ABSTRACT

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is currently the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease in the aging population. It is characterized by massive deposition of extracellular β-amyloid peptide and formation of intracellular neurofibrillary tangles. Cancer is also an age-related disease. Some epidemiological studies have shown an inverse relationship between AD and the onset of various types of cancers, that is, the risk of cancer in patients with AD is reduced, and vice versa. Epigenetic mechanisms play important roles in the development of AD and cancer. In this article, we will review the recent research advances on the epigenetic mechanisms of AD and cancer onset, and provide new ideas for rethinking the relevance of AD and cancer with a "holistic concept".


Subject(s)
Aged , Alzheimer Disease , Epigenesis, Genetic , Humans , Neoplasms , Neurodegenerative Diseases , Neurofibrillary Tangles
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873298

ABSTRACT

Objective::To determine the chloroplast genomes of Liriope spicata var. prolifera, Ophiopogon japonicus in Sichuan and Zhejiang, analyze their sequence characteristics and complete the screening of specific DNA barcodes. Method::The chloroplast genomes of L. spicata var. prolifera, O. japonicus in Sichuan and Zhejiang were sequenced, spliced and annotated through high-throughtput sequencing technology, and the structural characteristics and phylogenetic relationships of chloroplast genomes were analyzed by bioinformatics. Result::The total length of chloroplast genome of L. spicata var. prolifera was 155 998 bp, the total content of guanine and cytosine (GC) was 37.7%, and 85 protein-coding genes, 37 transfer RNA (tRNA) genes and 8 ribosomal RNA (rRNA) genes were successfully annotated, a total of 274 simple sequence repeats (SSRs) were detected, the number of codons encoding leucine was the most, while the number of codons encoding tryptophan was the least. The total length of chloroplast genome of O. japonicus in Sichuan province was 156 078 bp, the total content of GC was 37.8%, and 85 protein-coding genes, 37 tRNA genes and 8 rRNA genes were successfully annotated, a total of 265 SSRs were detected, the number of codons encoding leucine was the most, while the number of codons encoding tryptophan was the least. The total length of chloroplast genome of O. japonicus in Zhejiang province was 156 207 bp, the total content of GC was 37.7%, and 85 protein-coding genes, 37 tRNA genes and 8 rRNA genes were successfully annotated, a total of 274 SSRs were detected with the highest number of codons encoding leucine and the lowest number of codons encoding tryptophan. Conclusion::The phylogenetic trees show that compared with O. japonicus in Sichuan province, L. spicata var. prolifera is more closely related to O. japonicus in Zhejiang province. The variation of non-coding regions of L. spicata var. prolifera, O. japonicus in Zhejiang and Sichuan is greater than that in the coding region. The entire chloroplast genome can be used as a super barcode for identifying species of Ophiopogon and Liriope.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827212

ABSTRACT

Salvia plebeia has been in use as traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for more than 500 years. In this study, the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of S. plebeia was sequenced, assembled and compared to those of other five published Salvia cp genomes. It was found that the cp genome structure of S. plebeia was well conserved and had a total size of 151 062 bp. Four parameters were used to display the usage conditions of the codons of the amino acids in Salvia genus. Although the number of protein-coding genes in each species was the same, the total number of codons was different. Except for amino acids Trp and Met whose Relative Synonymous Codon Usage (RSCU) value of one condon was equal to 1, the remaining 19 amino acids had 1-3 preferred codons. The preferred codon names of each amino acid were coincident. The period size for the tandem repeats of six species ranged from 9 to 410 bp. Salvia cp genomes mainly possessed tandem repeats with a copy number less than or equal to 3. The sequence length of tandem repeats of the six species ranged from 25 to 824 bp. Highly viarable regions including four intergenic spacers and six partial genes were discovered as potential specific barcodes for Salvia species through cp genome-wide comparison. Finally, we performed phylogenetic analyses based on the complete cp genome and coding sequences respectively. These results provide information to help construct the cp genome library for Salvia, which may support studies of phylogenetics, DNA barcoding, population and transplastomics.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802248

ABSTRACT

Objective: Ganoderma sinense is one of the most famous medicinal fungi in China. Because it is a model medicinal fungus of basidiomycete,the functional identification of its sesquiterpene synthase is of great significance for the biosynthesis and regulation studies of fungal sesquiterpene. Method: A sesquiterpene synthase gene was discovered by mining the genome data of G. sinense. The sesquiterpene's conservative motifs was analyzed through multiple sequence alignment with two identified sesquiterpene synthases of G. sinense and three terpenoid synthases in the Nr database,which have the highest similarity to it. Subsequently,heterologous expression was observed in Escherichia coli,and protein expression was detected by SDS-PAGE. Volatile compounds were collected by solid phage microextraction (SPME) and detected by GC-MS. Result: The enzyme containing sesquiterpene conserved motifs DDXXDE and NSE/DTE were efficiently expressed in E. coli,and 11 sesquiterpenes were synthesized with endogenous FPP as the substrate. The product α-cadinol at 18.6 min was considered to be the main product,and previous studies showed a significant anticancer activity. According to the comparison with chemical standards,three products were identified as γ-muurlene,α-muurolene and δ-cadinene,respectively. Conclusion: The functional identification of multi-product sesquiterpene synthase from G. sinense can promote the study on the mechanism underlying its product diversity,and lay a foundation for the production of rare or novel sesquiterpenes by improving the catalytic activity of enzymes with enzyme engineering technology.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777477

ABSTRACT

By the fourth survey of Chinese medicinal resources, new medicinal plants records of 2 genera and 5 species were reported in Tibet. They are two genera Rhynchoglossum and Asteropyrum, and five species including Rh. obliquum, A. peltatum, Urena repanda, Schefflera khasiana and Mimulus tenellus. All the voucher specimens are preserved in Herbarium of Tibet Agriculture and Animal Husbandry University.


Subject(s)
Araliaceae , Classification , Lamiales , Classification , Malvaceae , Classification , Plants, Medicinal , Classification , Ranunculaceae , Classification , Tibet
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742974

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the correlation between serum miR-320b and carotid atherosclerosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.Methods From January 2017 to December 2017,patients with acute ischemic stroke visited the Department of Neurology,the Affiliated Hospital of Yangzhou University were enrolled.According to the findings of carotid artery ultrasonography,they were divided into plaque group and plaque-free group.The baseline clinical data such as demographic data,vascular risk factors,and blood biochemical indicators were collected.Reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the expression level of serum miR-320b.Multivariatelogistic regression analysis was used to determine the independent risk factors for carotid atherosclerosis.Results A total of 135 patients with acute ischemic stroke were enrolled in this study,including 58 females and 77 males,aged 58.4 ± 10.6 years.There were 85 patients in the plaque group and 50 in the plaque-free group.The total cholesterol (t =5.523,P =0.023) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (t =4.415,P =0.044) in the plaque group were significantly higher than those in the plaque-free group,while high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (t =5.849,P=0.017) and serum miR-320b (t =4.331,P=0.039) were significantly lower than those in the plaque-free group.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that referring to the highest quartile group,the low serum miR-320b level might be an independent risk factor for carotid atherosclerosis (the first quartile group:odds ratio 2.701,95% confidence interval 1.154-6.321,P =0.022;the second quartile group:odds ratio 2.521,95% confidence interval 1.249-5.091,P =0.010;and the third quartile group:odds ratio 1.849,95% confidence interval 1.041-3.283,P=0.036).Conclusion The low serum miR-320b level might be an independent risk factor for carotid atherosclerosis in patients with acute ischemic stroke.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771525

ABSTRACT

DNA metabarcoding,one rapid and robust method using specific standard DNA fragments,has been widely used for rapid species identification of a bulk sample through high-throughput sequencing technologies.While it has been widely used in the studies of metagenomics,animal and plant biodiversity,it has gradually come to be used as a profitable method in species identification of mixed Chinese herbal medicines.In this paper,we mainly summarize the current studies of the application of DNA metabarcoding in species identification of mixed Chinese herbal medicines.Moreover,high-throughput sequencing technologies adopted in those studies,such as Sanger,the next-generation,and third-generation sequencing technologies,are discussed.It is conducted to provide a theoretical guidance for the application of DNA metabarcoding in species identification of mixed Chinese herbal medicines and in more other biodiversity studies.


Subject(s)
Biodiversity , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Plants, Medicinal , Classification
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771489

ABSTRACT

China is rich in the diversified Chinese medicine resources and is notable for the wide and long-term applications of Chinese medicine. However,the lack of genomic information on medicinal taxa leads to problems in relation to resource conservation and the downstream application of traditional Chinese medicine resources,which restricts the modernization process of traditional Chinese medicine. Molecular phylogenetics is an important tool to understand the origin and evolution of the earth's biodiversity and promote the conservation and use of medicinal taxa. With the development of sequencing technology,the combination of genomic data extends the traditional molecular phylogenetics to the research level of phylogenomics,making it more powerfully applied to all aspects of biological research. Undoubtedly,carrying out phylogenomic research on Chinese medicine species will greatly promote their resources conservation,molecular evaluation and identification,and the exploration and utilization of natural pharmacodynamic components,promoting the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. This article starts with a brief introduction of the developing history and basic research methods of phylogenomics,and then reviews the current research progress in phylogenomics related to traditional Chinese medicine resources. Finally,it discusses the problems existing in the current research and the next direction of phylogenomics research in medicinal taxa. The article will hopefully provide a reference for relevant researches in future.


Subject(s)
China , Conservation of Natural Resources , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Phylogeny , Plants, Medicinal , Genetics
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776853

ABSTRACT

American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) is a well-known Asian traditional herbal medicine with a large market demand. The plant is native to eastern North America, and its main producing areas worldwide are decreasing due to continuous cropping obstacles and environmental changes. Therefore, the identification of maximum similarities of new ecological distribution of P. quinquefolius, and prediction of its response to climate change in the future are necessary for plant introduction and cultivation. In this study, the areas with potential ecological suitability for P. quinquefolius were predicted using the geographic information system for global medicinal plants (GMPGIS) based on 476 occurrence points and 19 bioclimatic variables. The results indicate that the new ecologically suitable areas for P. quinquefolius are East Asia and the mid-eastern Europe, which are mainly distributed in China, Russia, Japan, Ukraine, Belarus, North Korean, South Korea, andRomania. Under global climate change scenarios, the suitable planting areas for P. quinquefolius would be increased by 9.16%-30.97%, and expandingnorth and west over the current ecologically suitable areas by 2070. The potential increased areas that are ecologically suitable include northern Canada, Eastern Europe, and the Lesser Khingan Mountains of China, and reduced regions are mainly in central China, the southern U.S., and southern Europe. Jackknife tests indicate that the precipitation of the warmest quarter was the important climatic factor controlling the distribution of P. quinquefolius. Our findings can be used as auseful guide for P. quinquefolius introduction and cultivation in ecologically suitable areas.

10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 272-282, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690911

ABSTRACT

The cultivation of plants is hindered by replanting problems, which may be caused by plant-driven changes in the soil microbial community. Inoculation with microbial antagonists may efficiently alleviate replanting issues. Through high-throughput sequencing, this study revealed that bacterial diversity decreased, whereas fungal diversity increased, in the rhizosphere soils of adult ginseng plants at the root growth stage under different ages. Few microbial community, such as , Cytophagaceae, , , Sphingomonadaceae, and Zygomycota, were observed; the relative abundance of microorganisms, namely, , Enterobacteriaceae, , Cantharellales, , , and Chytridiomycota, increased in the soils of adult ginseng plants compared with those in the soils of 2-year-old seedlings. 50-1, a microbial antagonist against the pathogenic , was isolated through a dual culture technique. These bacteria acted with a biocontrol efficacy of 67.8%. The ginseng death rate and abundance decreased by 63.3% and 46.1%, respectively, after inoculation with 50-1. Data revealed that microecological degradation could result from ginseng-driven changes in rhizospheric microbial communities; these changes are associated with the different ages and developmental stages of ginseng plants. Biocontrol using microbial antagonists alleviated the replanting problem.

11.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 458-465, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690893

ABSTRACT

is famous for its important therapeutic effects. Saponins are bioactive compounds found in different parts and developmental stages of plants. Thus, it is urgently to study saponins distribution in different parts and growth ages of plants. In this study, potential biomarkers were found, and their chemical characteristic differences were revealed through metabolomic analysis. High-performance liquid chromatography data indicated the higher content of saponins (, Rg1, Re, Rd, and Rb1) in the underground parts than that in the aerial parts. 20()-Protopanaxadiol saponins were mainly distributed in the aerial parts. Additionally, the total saponin content in the 3-year-old plant (188.0 mg/g) was 1.4-fold higher than that in 2-year-old plant (130.5 mg/g). The transcriptomic analysis indicated the tissue-specific transcription expression of genes, namely, , , , , and , which encoded critical synthases in saponin biosyntheses. These genes showed similar expression patterns among the parts of plants. The expression levels of these genes in the flowers and leaves were 5.2fold higher than that in the roots and fibrils. These results suggested that saponins might be actively synthesized in the aerial parts and transformed to the underground parts. This study provides insights into the chemical and genetic characteristics of to facilitate the synthesis of its secondary metabolites and a scientific basis for appropriate collection and rational use of this plant.

12.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 666-677, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690873

ABSTRACT

Ginseng ( C.A. Meyer) is one of the best-selling herbal medicines, with ginsenosides as its main pharmacologically active constituents. Although extensive chemical and pharmaceutical studies of these compounds have been performed, genome-wide studies of the basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) transcription factors of ginseng are still limited. The bHLH transcription factor family is one of the largest transcription factor families found in eukaryotic organisms, and these proteins are involved in a myriad of regulatory processes. In our study, 169 bHLH transcription factor genes were identified in the genome of , and phylogenetic analysis indicated that these PGbHLHs could be classified into 24 subfamilies. A total of 21 RNA-seq data sets, including two sequencing libraries for jasmonate (JA)-responsive and 19 reported libraries for organ-specific expression analyses were constructed. Through a combination of gene-specific expression patterns and chemical contents, 6 PGbHLH genes from 4 subfamilies were revealed to be potentially involved in the regulation of ginsenoside biosynthesis. These 6 PGbHLHs, which had distinct target genes, were further divided into two groups depending on the absence of MYC-N structure. Our results would provide a foundation for understanding the molecular basis and regulatory mechanisms of bHLH transcription factor action in .

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698577

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Immune eye diseases such as hyperthyroidism exophthalmos and uveitis seriously endanger the eye health of patients, which are common and difficult eye diseases. Current treatments for these diseases include oral administration of hormones and immunosuppressive agents, with poor efficacy, recurrent attacks and poor prognosis. Meanwhile, these treatments can induce systemic adverse reactions. Lymphocytes are directly or indirectly involved in these diseases. Therefore, we try to make papua eye patch carrying immunosuppressant, and deliver the drug through the topical use. Cyclosporin A microemulsion targeting lymphocytes can treat or control palpebral lymph nodes involved in the immune eye diseases. It is a topical method rather than the systemic medication, which is targeted and has small doses of drugs. If possible, this treatment can effectively treat immune eye diseases and avoid systemic drug adverse reactions and long-term adverse reactions induced by original drugs. OBJECTIVE: To study the preparation of cyclosporin A microemulsion papua cream eye patch, and its transdermal absorption characteristics in vitro. METHODS: Cyclosporine A microemulsion was fully mixed with water-soluble polymer materials at a ratio of 1 mg:1 mL, including sodium polyacrylate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, gelatin, peach gum, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, hydroxypropylcellulose, and then coated onto the non-woven fabric to prepare Babu cream. Permeability of the Babu cream on the abdominal skin of ICR mice was determined by Franz diffusion cell method. High-performance liquid chromatography was used to detect the concentration of cyclosporine A, and skin irritation and anaphylaxis were also measured. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Cyclosporin A microemulsion papua cream eye patch was successfully prepared with appropriate viscosity, good permeability, good permeability, comfortable application, no skin irritation and allergic reaction. The content of cyclosporine A was 10 mg/tablet, and the concentration was 1 g/L. The concentration of cyclosporine A microemulsion increased with the increase of time, and it had good transdermal effect. This study proved that it is feasible to prepare cyclosporine A microemulsion into papua patch. It has good performance in skin permeability, adhesion and skin comfort.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-693055

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the ATP binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) expression in perihematomal tissue of mouse cerebral hemorrhage model induced by collagenase. Methods Stereotactic injection of type Ⅳ collagenase was used to induce a model of caudate putamen intracerebral hemorrhage in mice. The behavioral scores were use to assess neurological deficits at 24 h, 48 h and 72 h after model making. Neisserian staining was used to detect the morphology of neurons around hematomas.Immunohistochemical staining and Western blot analysis were used to detect the expression of ABCA1 around hematomas. Results Nissl bodies reduction, atrophy, necrosis of perihematomal neurons were observed and aggravated over time. Immunohistochemical staining and Western blot analysis showed that the expression level of ABCA1 in the perihematomal tissue was significantly higher than that in the sham operation group (all P < 0. 05), and the expression level increased significantly with time (all P < 0. 05 ).Conclusion ABCA1 was up-regulated after cerebral hemorrhage, suggesting that it might be involved in the pathological process of cerebral hemorrhage.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692974

ABSTRACT

Animal experiments and clinical studies have shown that intracerebral hemorrhage may damage the white matter.The pathophysiology mechanisms of cerebral white matter injury and repair after intracerebral hemorrhage is very complicated.This article reviews the related clinical and experimental evidence,pathophysiological mechanisms,and possible intervention strategies of cerebral white matter injury after intracerebral hemorrhage.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687281

ABSTRACT

Planting pollution-free farmland is the main mode of industrialization of ginseng cultivation, fine management of nitrogen fertilizer ginseng pollution-free farmland cultivation technology system is one of the key factors. In order to investigate the effect of nitrogenous fertilizer on the accumulation of ginseng biomass and saponins synthesis in vegetative growth stage, two-years-old ginsengs were used as test materials in this study. The test materials were cultivated by Hoagland medium with different nitrogen concentration (0,10,20,40 mg·L⁻¹) for 40 days. During the cultivation, photosynthetic rate was measured four times. After 40 days cultivation, chlorophyll content, stem diameter and the spatiotemporal expression of saponin synthesis related genes PgHMGR and PgSQE were tested. The results showed that there were significant differences in the photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll content among different nitrogen concentrations. The relative expression level of PgHMGR gene and PgSQE gene in root, stem and leaves of ginseng were different. Ginseng seedlings cultivated by 20 mg·L⁻¹ nitrogen possess the highest photosynthetic rate and chlorophyll content, while PgHMGR and PgSE showed the highest gene expression level. The optimal nitrogen concentration for the growth of 2-years-old ginseng might be 20 mg·L⁻¹ with 57.14 g ammonium nitrate each plant or pure 20.00 mg nitrogen each plant. It is concluded that this concentration is the most suitable concentration for the ginsenoside synthesis. Pollution-free ginseng with fine nitrogen fertilizer cultivation is conducive to the production of high quality and efficient ginseng medicinal materials. It lays a theoretical foundation for the rational fertilization and environment-friendly sustainable ecological ginseng planting industry.

17.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 620-626, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705097

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of butein on apop-tosis of PC12 cells induced by methylglyoxal (MG) and its mechanism. Methods Being pretreated with different concentrations of butein, PC12 cells were damaged by 1.5 mmol·L-1MG. Cell viability and cell toxicity were evaluated by MTT and LDH assay. Cell apoptosis and death were analyzed by PI and Ho-echst 33342. The antioxidant gene and proapoptotic gene expressions were determined by RT-PCR. The protein expression of p53 was detected by Western blot. Results Being pretreated with 2.5~10 μmol· L-1butein for 1 h significantly increased the cell via-bility,decreased LDH release,and protected from cell nuclei shrinkage, condensation and cleavage by MG. Meanwhile, butein increased the gene expression of SOD2, decreased the gene expression of proapoptotic genes p53 and caspase-9, and lowered the protein ex-pression of p53. Conclusion Butein can protect ap-optosis of PC12 cells from MG in a dose-dependent manner,which is linked with antioxidation and inhibi-ting p53 and caspase-9 gene expression.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-300395

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide a basis for early diagnosis and treatment of refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP) in children by comparing the clinical characteristics of RMPP and general Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Children with MPP hospitalized between October 2015 and December 2016 were selected as study subjects. According to the diagnostic criteria, children were divided into RMPP group (n=152) and MPP group (n=551). The differences between the two groups in the basic situation, clinical manifestations, infection parameters and myocardial enzymes were compared.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences in gender and age between the RMPP and MPP groups (P>0.05). The peak temperature in the RMPP group was significantly higher than that in the MPP group on the first day of admission (P<0.01). The percentage of children with augmentation in the RMPP group was lower than that in the MPP group (P=0.009). The percentage of neutrophils [Ne(%)] and serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels in the RMPP group were both higher than those in the MPP group (P<0.05), while the percentage of lymphocytes was significantly lower in the RMPP group (P<0.05). The serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the RMPP group were also higher than those in the MPP group (P<0.05). Binary logistic regression analysis showed that the peak temperature and LDH were closely related to RMPP in children (P<0.05). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of the peak temperature and LDH for the diagnosis of RMPP was 0.647 and 0.637 respectively. In children ≤2 years old, when the threshold value of LDH was 400 U/L, the diagnostic sensitivity was 52.63% and the specificity was 54.84%. In children above 2 years old, when the threshold value of LDH was 335 U/L, the diagnostic sensitivity was 69.92% and the specificity was 51.55%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The children with RMPP have a high fever in the early stage. Meanwhile there are abnormal laboratory test results in these children. Elevated serum LDH levels have a high clinical value of early diagnosis of RMPP, especially in children above 2 years.</p>

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 313-320, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779879

ABSTRACT

Geographic information system for global medicinal plants (GMPGIS) and MaxEnt modeling are adopted to analyze the ecological suitability of the endangered plant Acanthopanax senticosus. Response curves were created by the raster data of 6 ecological factors, including mean annual temperature, mean temperature of warmest quarter, mean temperature of coldest quarter, mean annual precipitation, mean annual humidity, and mean annual radiation. The relationship between the syringin content of this plant and these ecological factors was analyzed using a redundancy analysis method (RDA), which could be used to predict the most relevant ecological factors influencing the active constituents of Acanthopanax senticosus plants. GMPGIS and MaxEnt results suggest that China, Russia, Japan, and North Korea, are the main producing areas in the world for Acanthopanax senticosus, while there are also other potential areas with maximum similarities of ecological distribution in the United States, Canada, Ukraine, Romania, Hungary, Germany and 22 other countries. In addition, the genuine producing areas in China mainly include Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning, while there are the maximum similarities of ecological distribution of Acanthopanax senticosus in Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi and Sichuan. RDA results suggest that the mean annual humidity, precipitation, temperature are the most important eco-factors positively affecting the content of syringin in Acanthopanax senticosus. Our research provides scientific support to the utilization of ecological suitability areas for endangered plant Acanthopanax senticosus and the resource regeneration.

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