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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934221

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the perioperative effect of radial artery as a sequential graft in coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG).Methods:The clinical data and perioperative complications of 109 patients, who underwent radial artery(RA) or great saphenous vein(SVG) as a sequential graft during CABG from April 2020 to December 2020 in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, were analyzed, there were 86 males and 23 females, aged from 39 to 79 years, with an average of(61.1±8.0)years old. According to the graft materials, they were divided into the RA group(n=47) and SVG group(n=62).Results:There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, gender, comorbidities, echocardiographic results, transplant vascular indexes, coronary angiography results, and operation methods(on-pump or off-pump, use of left internal mammary artery, number and distribution of distal anastomoses)( P>0.05). There were also no significant difference between the two groups in ICU stay, postoperative hospital stay and drainage with 24 hours after CABG( P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative cerebrovascular events, postoperative infection and secondary thoracotomy in the RA group were higher than that in the SVG group. The incidence of myocardial infarction, postoperative ventricular arrhythmia and postoperative IABP assistance in the SVG were higher than that in the RA group, but the difference was not statistically significant( P>0.05). Conclusion:The application of radial artery as a sequential graft during CABG does not increase the risk of perioperative complications, and the patients recover smoothly.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932970

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the intervention effects of an Internet-based blood pressure monitoring and management platform in a prehypertensive population.Methods:One hundred and fifty-eight prehypertensive patients who were examined at the Third Xiangya Hospital in Changsha, China, from August to December 2019 were randomly divided into either the experimental or control groups using the random number table method. The experimental group utilized an Internet-based blood pressure monitoring and management platform, whereas the control group utilized regular telephone and SMS health management routines. The intervention duration was 12 months for both groups. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-tests, chi-square tests, χ 2 tests, and rank-sum tests. Results:Post intervention systolic blood pressure (124.79±9.71 mmHg) (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and diastolic blood pressure measurements (77.41±8.21 mmHg) of the participants in the experimental group were significantly lower than those before the intervention (128.29±5.10 mmHg and 79.99±6.01 mmHg, respectively), and significantly lower than those of the control group′s measurements after the intervention (130.00±7.78 mmHg and 80.33±7.90 mmHg, respectively) (all P<0.05). The blood pressure goal attainment rate was significantly higher in the experimental group (23.08%) than that of the control group (8.75%), with statistically significant differences within the experimental group before and after intervention, as well as between the groups post intervention ( P<0.05). Positive lifestyle changes, such as prehypertension knowledge score, active restriction and control of salt and oil intake, reduction of smoking, and exercising weekly, were significantly higher than those in the control group before the intervention (all P<0.05). Conclusion:The use of an Internet-based blood pressure monitoring and management platform can effectively help patients with prehypertension control their blood pressure levels, improve their knowledge about the condition, and improve their lifestyle choices.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930203

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between carotid blood flow and the parameters derived by pulse oximetry Plethysmographic waveform in cardiopulmonary resuscitation, so as to provide a new index for carotid blood flow monitoring in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.Methods:Seven male domestic pigs were utilized for cardiac arrest model through ventricular fibrillation induced by electrical stimulation. Eight minutes after cardiac arrest, artificial chest compression was given for 4 min, and epinephrine 20 μg/kg was injected intravenously at 2 min after chest compression. The compression frequency, compression depth, right carotid blood flow, pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform, aortic pressure, right atrium pressure and end tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure were continuously monitored and recorded. From 30 s to 4 min after chest compression, the values of the mean right carotid blood flow, the area under curve (AUC) of pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform, the mean perfusion index, the mean coronary perfusion pressure and the average end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure during 6 s before time point were calculated every 30 s. The correlations between right carotid blood flow and the AUC of pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform and perfusion index were analyzed respectively.Results:Ventricular fibrillation was induced successfully in seven animals. There were no significant differences in the mean chest compression frequency and depth per min during 4 min of chest compression. Right carotid blood flow at 30 s after chest compression was (92.7±32.7) mL/min, and decreased to (48.5±23.5) mL/min at 1 min after chest compression ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in blood flow before and after epinephrine injection ( P>0.05). The AUC of the blood oxygen plethysmographic waveform and perfusion index showed synchronous change trends with right carotid blood flow. Both coronary perfusion pressure and end-tidal carbon dioxide partial pressure showed different change trends with right carotid blood flow. There was a positive correlation between the right carotid blood flow and the AUC of blood oxygen plethysmographic waveform ( r=0.66, P<0.01), and also a positive correlation between right carotid blood flow and perfusion index ( r=0.57, P<0.01). Conclusions:Carotid blood flow is positively correlated with the AUC of blood oxygen plethysmographic waveform and perfusion index in a porcine model of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Real-time monitoring of the two parameters derived by pulse oximetry plethysmographic waveform can reflect the changes of carotid blood flow to a certain extent.

4.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 600-605, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927246

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate sodium and potassium intakes among individuals undergoing physical examinations in Changsha City, so as provide the evidence for developing nutritional interventions. @*Methods@#The individuals undergoing physical examinations in the Center for Health Management, The Third Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from February 2017 to March 2020 were selected, and their gender, age, history of diseases, history of medications, smoking and drinking behaviors were collected through questionnaire surveys. The blood pressure, height and body weight were measured, and the body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The levels of blood glucose, total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and serum creatinine were detected, and the 24-h urinary excretions of sodium and potassium were measured using the Kawasaki method to estimate sodium and potassium intakes. According to the recommended intakes for preventing chronic diseases (PI values) in the Chinese Dietary Reference Intakes (2013 revised version), the gender-, age- and BMI-specific intakes of sodium and potassium were analyzed.@*Results@#Totally 50 543 subjects were enrolled, with a mean age of (45.64±11.89) years. There were 28 555 men (56.50%) and 21 988 women (43.50%), and there were 19 405 overweight individuals (38.39%), 6 276 obese individuals (12.42%), 13 410 smokers (26.53%), 14 740 drinkers (29.16%), 9 217 individuals with hypertension (18.24%), 3 589 individuals with diabetes (7.10%), 18 232 individuals with dyslipidemia (36.07%). The mean sodium intake was (4 143.29±1 216.46) mg/d among the study subjects, and there were 49 277 participants with sodium intakes that exceeded the PI value (97.50%). Higher sodium intakes were found in men [ (4 345.52±1 231.45) mg/d ], individuals at ages of 36 to 45 years [ (4 185.41±1 202.95) mg/d ], obese individuals [ (4 578.94±1 282.66) mg/d ], smokers [ (4 191.71±1 219.91) mg/d ], drinkers [ (4 325.12±1 245.65) mg/d ], individuals with hypertension [ (4 358.89±1 265.70) mg/d ] and individuals with dyslipidemia [ (4 261.60±1 228.86) mg/d ]. The mean potassium intake was (1 986.26±526.42) mg/d among the study subjects, and there were 50 440 participants with potassium intakes that exceeded the PI value (99.80%). Higher potassium intakes were seen in men [ (2 061.94±556.91) mg/d ], individuals at ages of 35 years and below [ (2 027.24±533.37) mg/d ], obese individuals [ (2 133.27±580.25) mg/d ], smokers [ (2 023.08±557.72) mg/d ], drinkers [ (2 048.43±557.53) mg/d ], individuals without hypertension [ (1 994.65±552.63) mg/d ] and individuals with dyslipidemia [ (2 038.22±546.52) mg/d ].@*Conclusions@#Higher sodium intakes and lower potassium intakes than the PI values are found among individuals undergoing health examinations in Changsha City. Health education is recommended to be reinforced to improve sodium and potassium intakes.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873552

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the difference of myocardial injury between off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) and modified perfusion on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (ONCAB). Methods    A total of 558 patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from 2017 to 2019 were included. According to whether or not they received modified perfusion cardiopulmonary bypass, all the 558 patients were divided into two groups including an OPCAB group (OP group) and an ONCAB group (ON group). There were 465 patients in the OP group including 282 males and 183 females with an average age of 63.58±7.87 years. In the ON group, there were 93 patients including 64 males and 29 females with an average age of 63.91±7.51 years. Creatine kinase MB (CK-MB) and cardiac specific troponin I (cTnI) were measured 24 hours before operation, 30 minutes after operation, 12 hours after operation, 36 hours after operation and 48 hours after operation. Results    No perioperative death occurred in all patients. CK-MB (5.00 ng/mL vs. 8.60 ng/mL, Z=–2.189, P=0.029) and cTnI (3.00 ng/mL vs. 7.80 ng/mL, Z=–5.307, P=0.000) in postoperative 12 hours in the ON group were less than those in the OP group. CK-MB (5.00 ng/mL vs. 5.60 ng/mL, Z=–2.280, P=0.023) and cTnI (0.10 ng/mL vs. 1.02 ng/mL, Z=–6.418, P=0.000) in postoperative 36 hours in the ON group were less than those in the OP group. cTnI (0.07 ng/mL vs. 0.81 ng/mL, Z=–1.946, P=0.032) in postoperative 48 hours in the ON group was less than that in the OP group. Conclusion    Compared with OPCAB, modified perfusion ONCAB has less myocardial damage. 

6.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 561-564, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912924

ABSTRACT

The insidious onset of cholangiocarcinoma and the lack of early diagnosis markers have made most patients diagnosed with cholangiocarcinoma in the advanced stage of the disease. At present, surgical treatment is the first choice for patients with cholangiocarcinoma, but surgery also faces problems such as high risks and many difficulties. Recent studies have found that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) and circular RNA (circRNA) have the functions of regulating the cell proliferation, metastasis, invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition and drug resistance of cholangiocarcinoma. This article aims to review the potential regulatory role of lncRNA and circRNA in the occurrence and development of cholangiocarcinoma, in order to provide clinical references for the early diagnosis, targeted therapy and patient's prognosis evaluation of cholangiocarcinoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886541

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore the effect of whether or not to stop beating after conversion to cardio-pulmonary bypass (CPB) in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods    From 2016 to 2018, 177 patients with off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were transferred to CPB. According to whether they stopped beating after conversion to CPB during the operation, they were divided into two groups. A non-stop beating group: there were 76 patients with 45 males, 31 females. aged 63.53±6.98 years, who were not to stop beating after conversion to CPB. A stop beating group: there were 101 patients with 66 males and 35 females, aged 63.98 ± 8.37 years, who were to stop beating and underwent the modified perfusion and application of papaverine in perfusion after conversion to CPB. The clinical effect of the two groups was compared. Results    There were 14 deaths in the perioperative period. The mean graft flow (MGF) in the stop beating group was higher (P=0.033), and the pulse index (PI) was lower (P=0.001) than those in the non-stop beating group. Intra-aortic balloon counter pulsation (P=0.036), extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (P=0.038), continuous renal replacement therapy (P=0.014), ventilator-assisted time (P=0.021), ICU monitoring time (P=0.012), perioperative mortality (P=0.025) and the ejcetion fraction value (P=0.023) were significantly different between the groups. Conclusion    Compared with not to stop beating, those to stop beating can get better perioperative clinical effect after conversion to CPB, which is worthy of recommendation.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694354

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the efficacy of real-time visual feedback on improving the quality of manual chest compression in ambulance.Methods Ten pre-hospital doctors with cardiopulmonary resuscitation experience,aged under 40 years,were recruited to this randomized,crossover,manikin research and randomly assigned into control group (n=5) and feedback group (n=5) by the sealed envelope method.The setting place was a moving ambulance with the velocity of 25~50 km/ h.The whole process consisted of two sessions.In control group,which received feedback in the second session,chest compressions were performed without interruption during each of the three 2 min phases per session,resting for 2 min between phases and for 5 min between sessions.In feedback group,which received feedback in the first session,chest compressions were performed without interruption during each of the three 2 min phases per session,resting for 2 min between phases and for 5 min between sessions.Data of compression rate,compression depth,compression detention and compression accuracy rate were collected.Results In control group,the compressions rate was lower and compression detention was shorter during the second session compared with those during the first session [(109.8±±4.7) r/min vs.(121.2± 10.1) r/min,(6.5±2.1) r/min vs.(10.4±2.8) r/min,all P<0.05],while the compression accuracy rate during the second session was higher than that during the first session [(28.2±±14.3) % vs.(16.8±9.9) %,P<0.05].There was no significant difference in compression rate between the two sessions in control group;Compression frequency,compression depth,compression detention and compression accuracy rate did not significantly change between the two sessions in feedback group (all P>0.05).In the whole process,the compression rate was lower and compression detention was shorter in the feedback group compared with the control group [(111.1±5.1) r/min vs.(115.5±9.7) r/min,(6.5±1.8) vs.(8.4±4.6) r/min,all P<0.05],and the compression accuracy rate in the feedback group was higher than that in the control group[(22.5±13.4) % vs.(26.7±16) %,P<0.05].There was no significant difference in compression rate between the two groups during whole process (P>0.05).Conclusions Although real-time visual feed back improved the quality of manual chest compression in ambulances,which demonstrated more reasonable compression rate,less compression detention and higher compression accuracy,the overall quality of reuscitation was still not enough to achieve effective treatment.This implies that more optimal methods are required to transfer the patients suffering cardiac arrest.

9.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 229-232, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704557

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To observe the clinical efficacy and safety of of heat-sensitive moxibustion combined with modified Pipa qingfei decoction for acne vulgaris.METHODS:A total of 120 patients with acne vulgaris were randomly divided into control group and observation group,with 60 cases in each group.Control group was given Minocycline hydrochloride capsules 50 mg/d,bid.Observation group was given heat-sensitive moxibustion (every other day) combined with modified Pipa qingfei decoction (one dose every day,decocting to 300 mL,morning and night).Both groups were treated for 42 d.Skin lesion score and serum testosterone level were observed in 2 groups before treatment,1st and 90th day after the end of treatment.Clinical efficacies were evaluated in 2 groups on 1st and 90th day after the end of treatment,and the occurrence of ADR was observed in 2 groups during treatment.RESULTS:Before observation,there was no significant difference in these indexes.On 1st day after the end of treatment,the scores of skin lesion items and serum testosterone level in 2 groups were all decreased significantly compared to before treatment,and the scorns of skin lesion items in observation group were significantly lower than control group (P<0.05);there was no significant difference in the serum testosterone level between 2 groups (P>0.05).On 90th day after the end of treatment,the scores of skin lesion items and serum testosterone level in control group had no statistical significance compared to before treatment (P>0.05).The scores of skin lesion items and serum testosterone level in observation group were decreased significantly compared before treatment,and were significantly lower than control group at corresponding period (P<0.05).On 1st and 90th day after the end of treatment,total response rates of observation group were 85.00% and 73.33%,which were significantly higher than 73.33% and 55.00% of control group,with statistical isgnificance (P<0.05).There was no statistical significance in the incidence of ADR between 2 groups (P>0.05).CONCLUSIONS:The heat-sensitive moxibustion combined with modified Pipa qingfei decoction can significantly reduce the scores of skin lesion and serum testosterone levels,improves the symptoms of skin lesions,and shows good safety.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611497

ABSTRACT

Objective To conclude the preliminary results of aortic valve repair with autopericardium.Methods After routine median sternotomy the pericardium was isolated and immersed into the 0.6% glutaraldehyde immersion for 10 minutes, then rinsed off before use.Conventional extracorporeal circulation was established and diseased aortic valves were removed.The curves lengths between three commissures measured with the specific sizers.The corresponding size of the pericardial patchs was used to cut the new aortic leaflets.The continuous Johnson Prolene 4-0 sutures were used to fixed the new aortic valve leaflets to the anulus.Another new 4-0 prolene suture were used to fix the new three commissures outside the aortic wall with mat.The new mat stripes were used to fix the sinus in condition with the aortic sinus dilation or bileaflets malformation.Results Since 2015 October total 27 patients received aortic valve repair with autologous pericardium.The age was in the range of 27 to 60 years old including 18 female and 9 male.There were 7 cases diagnosed as aortic valve stenosis and 20 cases aortic insufficiency.And there were 3 cases bileaflets aortic valve deformity.The mean bypass time is(104±25)mins.Postoperative esophageal ultrasound showed good coaptation of the aortic valve without significant regurgitation.The mean transvalve gradient was(8.5±3.2)mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa).In the early stage one case diagnosed with aortic valve stenosis and regurgitation received monocusp repaired with autologous pericardial leave.But there was still moderate aortic regurgitation and had to receive the aortic valve replacement.All patients recovered well and were treated with Aspirin for 6 months.The followed up lasted for 3 to 13 months.Mean aortic occlusion time was(104±25) minutes.The patients were followed up for 3-13 months, the cardiac function and aortic valve function were stable, and no gradient increased.Conclusion It is relatively simple to perform the aortic valve repair with individual autologous pericardial sizer technique and the primary clinic results are satisfactory.It is worthy of further study and long-term follow-up.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 569-573, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609934

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of post-propofol anesthesia on cognitive function and hippocampus proteome expressions in aged rats.Methods Thirty healthy male Wistar rats aged 20 months were randomly divided into control group(n =15) and propofol group(n =15).The control group was injected with normal saline of 6 ml/kg intraperitoneally and propofol was injected intraperitoneally with propofol 60 mg/kg.The rats in both groups underwent Step-down Test to assess cognitive function at the first day and at the seventh day after the termination of drug administration.Five rats were decapitated randomly each time after the two step-down tests and their hippocampi were removed for two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometric analysis.Results In the step-down test,aged rats in the propofol group showed significantly learning impairment and decreased memory abilities at the 1st day after propofol anesthesia as compared with those in the control group.In learning phase of the 1st day,the latency of the propofol group is (29.5 ± 7.6)s as compared with(19.7 ± 7.0)s of the control group,while the error time is 3.6±1.2 vs.1.6 ±0.8 in the propofol group vs the control group,and the total time of electric shock is(65.2 t 10.6)s vs.(42.7 ± 10.3)s in the propofol group vs the control group(all P<0.01).The latency of the memory phase in the propofol group is also decreased as compared with that in the control group(31.4±14.3)s vs.(111.2± 23.7) s,(P<0.01).On the 7th day after anesthesia,there was no significant difference between the two groups.There were 17 differentially expressed proteins on the 1st day after propofol anesthesia,6 of them were up-regulated and 11 proteins were down-regulated (P < 0.05).On the 7th day,there were 10 differentially expressed proteins,and the expression of 5 proteins was down-regulated (P < 0.01).Conclusions Aging rats receiving propofol anesthesia show cognitive function decline,but do not show a long-term decline.The mechanism may be related to the different expressions of hippocampal proteins.

12.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 1247-1249, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666004

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of dexmedetomidine on action potential duration (APD)of rat ventricular myocytes and the role of α2receptors. Methods Eighteen ventricular myocytes acutely isolated from Sprague-Dawley rats by enzymatic hydrolysis were divided into 3 groups(n=6 each) using a random number table: dexmedetomidine group(D group), yohimbine group(Y group)and dexmedetomidine plus yohimbine group(DY group). Isolated ventricular myocytes were first perfused for 2 min with Tyrode′s solution alone, and APD at 90% repolarization(APD90)was recorded using whole-cell patch-clamp technique. D, Y and DY groups were subsequently perfused for 2 min with Tyrode′s solution containing dexmedetomidine 10-9mol∕L, yohimbine 10-6mol∕L, and dexmedetomidine 10-9mol∕L plus yo-himbine 10-6mol∕L, respectively, and APD90was recorded. The percentage of changes in APD90was calcu-lated. Results Compared with the isolated ventricular myocytes perfused with Tyrode′s solution alone, APD90of ventricular myocytes was significantly prolonged in group D(P<0. 01), and no significant change was found in APD90of ventricular myocytes in Y and DY groups(P>005). The percentage of changes in APD90of ventricular myocytes was significantly shortened in group DY and group Y when com-pared with group D(P<005). Conclusion Dexmedetomidine can prolong APD90of rat ventricular myo-cytes, and the mechanism is related to activating α2receptors.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711693

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the feasibility of OZAKI procedure aortic valve neo-cuspidization(AVneo) for the treatment of aortic valve disease in our institution.Methods Twelve consecutive patients from November 2015 to October 2016 received AVneo in our single center are retrospected.Their mean age was(41.3 ± 16.9) years old.There were 11 males and 3 females.3 patients had aortic stenosis and 11 patients had aortic insufficiency.Autologous pericardium was used to reconstruct 3 aortic leaflets independently.The distance between each commissure was measured by a specific sizer to decide the size of each leaflet.Suturing the pericardial leaflets onto each aortic annulus.Results There was no perioperative mortality.No operations converted to prosthetic valve replacement.1 patient experienced IABP therepy for 2 days,for ventricular tachycardia repeatedly happened when cardiac rebeating intraoperation.Echocardiography one week after surgery showed an average maximum flow velocity of aortic valve of(162.9 ± 34.2) cm/s,average peak pressure gradient of(11.1 ± 4.9) mmHg (1 mmHg =0.133 kPa).Except 1 patient had moderate regurgitation after surgery,the rest of 13 patients showed less than mild aortic regurgitation.Conclusion OZAKI procedure AVneo provides good short-term results in patients with various aortic valve disease.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513664

ABSTRACT

Objective To introduce extrapedicular infiltration anesthesia as an improved method of local anesthesia which applied to unipedicular percutaneous vertebroplasty or percutaneous kyphoplasty.Methods From March 2015 to March 2016,20 patients in our hospital received percutaneous vertebroplasty or percutaneous kyphoplasty with 1% lidocaine local infiltration anesthesia and extrapedicular infiltration anesthesia.The visual analogue score of patients during the operation and whether they needed additional sedative anesthesia were evaluated.The anaesthetic effect of nerve root block was observed.Results The visual analogue score of all the patients ranged from 1 point to 3 point,averagely (2.5 ± 0.7) point.Among the 20 patients,there were 2 cases of 1 point,7 cases of 2 point and 11 cases of 3 point.No patients required additional sedative anesthesia,and no nerve root block effects were observed.Conclusion Extrapedicular infiltration anesthesia provides good local anesthetic effects without significant complications,which deserved further use in unipedicular percutaneous vertebroplasty and percutaneous kyphoplasty.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620893

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism underlying sufentanil postconditioning-induced reduction of myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in rats through evaluating the relationship between phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/serine-threonine kinase (PI3K/Akt) signaling pathway and mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP).Methods Forty-eight pathogen-free healthy male SpragueDawley rats,aged 3 months,weighing 250-300 g,were divided into 4 groups (n=12 each) using a random number table:sham operation group (group S),group I/R,sufentanil postconditioning group (group SP) and snfentanil postconditioning plus PI3K inhibitor wortmannin group (group SP +W).The rats were anesthetized with 20% urethane 5 ml/kg.Myocardial I/R was induced by ligation of the anterior descending branch of left coronary artery for 30 min,followed by 120 min reperfusion.Sufentanil 1.0 μg/kg was injected via the sublingual vein at 5 min before reperfusion in SP and SP+W groups.Wortmannin 15 pμg/kg was injected via the sublingual vein at 5 min before reperfusion,and then sufentanil 1.0 μg/kg was given in group SP+W.Blood samples were taken from the abdominal aorta at the end of reperfusion for detection of serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) concentrations.The rats were then sacrificed and hearts were removed for determination of cell apoptosis (by TUNEL),nicotinamide adenine dinueleotide (NAD+) content (by speetrophotometry),and expression of phosphorylated Akt (p-Akt) in myocardial tissues (by Western blot).Apoptosis index (AI) was calculated.The myocardial mitochondria and cytoplasm were isolated for detection of the expression of cytochrome c (Cyt c) and apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) using Western blot.Results Compared with group S,the serum cTnI and CK-MB concentrations and AI were significantly increased,the content of NAD+ was decreased,the expression of p-Akt was up-regulated,the expression of Cyt e and AIF in mitochondria was down-regulated,and the expression of Cyt c and AIF in cytoplasm was up-regulated in I/R,SP and SP+W groups (P<0.05).Compared with group I/R,the serum cTnI and CK-MB concentrations and AI were significantly decreased,the content of NAD+ was increased,the expression of p-Akt was up-regulated,the expression of Cyt c and AIF in mitochondria was up-regulated,and the expression of Cyt c and AIF in cytoplasm was down-regulated in group SP (P<0.05).Compared with group SP,the serum cTnI and CK-MB concentrations and AI were significantly increased,the content of NAD+ was decreased,the expression of p-Akt was down-regulated,the expression of Cyt c and AIF in mitochondria was down-regulated,and the expression of Cyt c and AIF in cytoplasm was up-regulated in group SP+W (P<0.05).Conclusion Sufentanil postconditioning can activate PI3K/Akt signaling pathway,inhibit mPTP opening,mitigate mitochondrial injury and inhibit apoptosis in cardiomyocytes,thus attenuating myocardial I/R injury in rats.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620526

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate urinary β2-microglobulin (β2-MG) and retinoid binging protein (RBP) in monitoring of early renal impairment in chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with long-term adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) treatment. Methods Three hundred and fifty five with CHB admitted in Shaoxing Municipal Hospital from June 2009 to June 2011 were enrolled in the study, among whom 180 cases study group) were treated with ADV monotherapy (n=100) or ADV + lamivudine (LAM) combination therapy (n=80); and 175 cases (control group) were treated with entecavir (ETV). Serum creatinine, urinary β2-MG, RBP and creatinine were measured and glomerular tration rate (eGFR) was estimated regularly during 5-year follow up. Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the cumulative incidence of changes in urinary β2-MG and RBP. Results Five-year follow-up results showed that in study group 2, 6, 10, 14 and 24 cases developed urinary β2-MG abnormality in year 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of treatment, respectively; and 2, 7, 11, 16 and 20 cases developed urinary RBP abnormality in year 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of treatment, respectively; eGFR decreased 20%-30% from baseline in 20 cases, 30%-50% in 13 cases and >50% in 2 cases. The decrease of eGFR ≥30% in 5 years was significantly correlated with urinary RBP and β2-GM abnormality. However, both serum creatinine and eGFR remained stable during the 5 years of follow-up in control group; only 2 cases developed urinary β2-MG abnormality and 3 cases developed urinary RBP abnormality. Conclusions Urinary RBP and β2-MG are sensitive biomarkers of early renal injury during long-term ADV treatment in CHB patients, and ADV should not be used as first-line treatment for CHB.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-620400

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the impact of Telbivudine (LDT) and Entecavir (ETV) administration on estimates of glomerular filtration rate for anti-viral therapy in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related compensated cirrhosis by an open, prospective randomized controlled study.Methods Patients with HBV-related compensated cirrhosis at clinic or hospitalized in Shaoxing Municipal Hospital from January 2012 to June 2013 were included.A total of 170 patients were randomly divided into LDT (600 mg/d) or ETV (0.5 mg/d) groups at a ratio of 1∶1 according to the random number table method.All patients were treated for more than 36 months.The LDT group was optimized according to the roadmap.Patients with poor response or resistance in both treatment group were added with Adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) 10 mg/d for optimal treatment.The clinical outcome, creatinine (CR), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of patients before and after 36 months of treatment were compared between two groups.All categorical data were analyzed using chi-square test and data accorded with normal distribution were compared by t test.Results After 36 months of treatment, the virological and biochemical responses in LDT group and ETV group were similar.The mean CR levels at month 24 and 36 in LDT group were (74.25±22.98) μmol/L and (70.72±24.75) μmol/L, respectively, which were both lower than baseline level ([83.09±17.68] μmol/L, t=2.811 and 3.145, respectively, both P<0.01).The mean CR levels at month 36 between two groups were statistically different (t=3.431, P=0.001).The mean eGFR levels at month 12, 24 and 36 in LDT group were all significantly lower than that at baseline (t=3.976,8.297 and 10.629, respectively, all P<0.01).The mean eGFR levels at month 24 and 36 between two groups were statistically different (t=9.684 and 15.019, respectively, both P<0.01).A total of 64 patients including 34 in LDT group and 30 in ETV group had mild nephritic injury at baseline.The mean eGFR in patients with mild nephritic injury at baseline in LDT group at month 12, 24 and 36 were significantly different compared to baseline (t=6.098,10.191 and 14.378, respectively, all P<0.01).The mean eGFR level at month 36 in ETV group had statistical difference compared to baseline (t=2.058, P<0.05).The mean eGFR levels at months 12, 24 and 36 were all statistical different between two groups (all P<0.01).The mean eGFR levels at month 24 and 36 in the optimized group were superior to ETV group (P<0.01).Conclusions In patients with HBV-related compensated cirrhosis, LDT and ETV treatment have similar clinical efficacy.LDT is more effective in protecting nephritic function than ETV.

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