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1.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 481-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992625

ABSTRACT

Chronic refractory wound (CRW) is one of the most challengeable issues in clinic due to complex pathogenesis, long course of disease and poor prognosis. Experts need to conduct systematic summary for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW due to complex pathogenesis and poor prognosis, and standard guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW should be created. The Guideline forthe diagnosis and treatment of chronic refractory wounds in orthopedic trauma patients ( version 2023) was created by the expert group organized by the Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons, Chinese Orthopedic Association, Chinese Society of Traumatology, and Trauma Orthopedics and Multiple Traumatology Group of Emergency Resuscitation Committee of Chinese Medical Doctor Association after the clinical problems were chosen based on demand-driven principles and principles of evidence-based medicine. The guideline systematically elaborated CRW from aspects of the epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, postoperative management, complication prevention and comorbidity management, and rehabilitation and health education, and 9 recommendations were finally proposed to provide a reliable clinical reference for the diagnosis and treatment of CRW.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 772-775, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957294

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Risedronate on fracture healing in elderly patients with osteoporotic femoral intertrochanteric fracture.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted on elderly patients with osteoporotic femoral intertrochanteric fractures in our hospital from June 2019 to June 2020.They were followed up regularly for 1 year after proximal femoral nail anti-rotation(PFNA)internal fixation.According to whether the patients took Risedronate during hospitalization, the patients were divided into two groups(PFNA internal fixation combined with Risedronate, 39 cases)and control group(PFNA internal fixation alone, 44 cases). The BMD values before and 1 year after operation were compared between the two groups.Harris score was used to evaluate hip function, Rush score was used to evaluate fracture healing, and the operation-related complications, adverse drug reactions and fractures in other parts were recorded.Results:The fractures of all patients healed 12 months after operation.There were no recurrent fractures in both groups during follow-up.The mean bone mineral density(BMD)T value in healthy side hip was(-2.83±0.46)in Risedronate group and(-3.16±0.42)in control group( t=-3.397, P=0.001). Among the total 83 patients, 39 patients in the Risedronate group had no obvious adverse reactions; 1 patient of 44 patients in the control group had obvious upper abdominal pain and discomfort, accompanied by nausea and lack of appetite.These symptoms improved after stopping the drug. Conclusions:Risedronate taken early after surgery does not affect fracture healing and can improve bone mineral density of healthy side hip.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 23-31, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932206

ABSTRACT

Lower extremity deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is one of the main complications in patients with traumatic fractures, and for severe patients, the DVT can even affect arterial blood supply, resulting in insufficient limb blood supply. If the thrombus breaks off, pulmonary embolism may occur, with a high mortality. The treatment and rehabilitation strategies of thrombosis in patients with lower extremity fractures have its particularity. DVT in traumatic fractures patients has attracted extensive attention and been largely studied, and the measures for prevention and treatment of DVT are constantly developing. In recent years, a series of thrombosis prevention and treatment guidelines have been updated at home and abroad, but there are still many doubts about the prevention and treatment of DVT in patients with different traumatic fractures. Accordingly, on the basis of summarizing the latest evidence-based medical evidence at home and abroad and the clinical experience of the majority of experts, the authors summarize the clinical treatment and prevention protocols for DVT in patients with traumatic fractures, and make this consensus on the examination and assessment, treatment, prevention and preventive measures for DVT in patients with different fractures so as to provide a practicable approach suitable for China ′s national conditions and improve the prognosis and the life quality of patients.

4.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 111-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811516

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, novel coronavirus pneumonia (NCP) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spreads rapidly to all through Hubei Province and even to the whole country. The virus is 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), never been seen previously in human, but all the population is generally susceptible. The virus spreads through many ways and is highly infectious, which brings great difficulties to the prevention and control of NCP. Based on the needs of orthopedic trauma patients for emergency surgery and review of the latest NCP diagnosis and treatment strategy and the latest principles and principles of evidence-based medicine in traumatic orthopedics, the authors put forward this expert consensus to systematically standardize the clinical pathway and protective measures of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients during prevention and control of NCP and provide reference for the emergency surgical treatment of orthopedic trauma patients in hospitals at all levels.

5.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 111-116, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867685

ABSTRACT

Since December 2019, corona virus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been reported in Wuhan, Hubei Province, and spreads rapidly to all through Hubei Province and even to the whole country. The virus is 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), never been seen previously in human, but all the population is generally susceptible. The virus spreads through many ways and is highly infectious, which brings great difficulties to the prevention and control of COVID-19. Based on the needs of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients and review of the latest diagnosis and treatment strategy of COVID-19 and the latest principles and principles of evidence-based medicine in traumatic orthopedics, the authors put forward this expert consensus to systematically standardize the clinical pathway and protective measures of emergency surgery for orthopedic trauma patients during prevention and control of COVID-19 and provide reference for the emergency surgical treatment of orthopedic trauma patients in hospitals at all levels.

6.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 757-766, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813239

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effect of miR-30a/HMGA2-mediated autophagy in osteosarcoma cells on apoptosis induced by chemotherapeutics. 
 Methods: A total of 30 osteosarcoma tissues of sensitive and resistant to chemotherapeutics were divided into a chemotherapy-sensitive group and a chemotherapy-resistant group. The mRNA expression levels of miR-30a and high mobility group protein A2 (HMGA2) in the chemotherapy-sensitive group and the chemotherapy-resistant group, and the mRNA expression levels of miR-30a in osteosarcoma U2-OS cells treated by cisplatin, doxorubicin and methotrexate at different concentrations were detected by real-time PCR. The expression levels of autophagy related protein Beclin 1, microtubule associated protein 1 light chain 3B (LC3B) and autophagy factor P62 were detected by Western blotting. The osteosarcoma U2-OS cells were transfected with miR-30a mimics and miR-30a inhibitors to construct a miR-30a high expression group, a miR-30a low expression group and a control group. The expression levels of Beclin 1, LC3B and P62 in osteosarcoma U2-OS cells after treatment of cisplatin and doxorubicin in these 3 groups were detected by Western blotting; the level of autophagy was detected by monodansylcada (MDC) staining; the level of ROS was detected by dihydroethidium (DHE); the level of cell surviving rate was detected by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8); the level of apoptosis was detected by annexin APC/PI double staining; the level of mitochondria oxidative damage was detected by mitochondrial membrane potential assay kit with JC-1 (JC-1 method). The interaction between miR-30a and HMGA2 was detected by dual luciferase reporter assay. The osteosarcoma U2-OS cells were transfected with HMGA2 mimics and HMGA2-shRNA to construct a high HMGA2 group, a low HMGA2 group, and a control group. The expression levels of Beclin 1, LC3B and P62 in osteosarcoma U2-OS cells after the treatment of cisplatin were detected by Western blotting.
 Results: The level of miR-30a in the chemotherapy-resistant tissues was significantly lower than that in the chemotherapy-sensitive tissues (P<0.05), and the expression of HMGA2 was opposite comparing to that of miR-30a (P<0.05). After the treatment by low concentration (5 μmol/L) of chemotherapeutics, the level of miR-30a was down-regulated in osteosarcoma U2-OS cells, accompanied with up-regulation of Beclin 1 and LC3B (P<0.01) and down-regulation of P62 (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the expression levels of Beclin 1 and LC3B were significantly decreased (P<0.05), and the expression level of P62 was significantly increased (P<0.05) in the miR-30a high expression group, which was opposite in the miR-30a low expression group. In the miR-30a high expression group treated by chemotherapeutics, the level of autophagy and the cell survival rate were lower than those in group with low expression of miR-30a, while the levels of ROS, the mitochondrial oxidative damage and the apoptosis were higher than those in group with low expression of miR-30a (all P<0.05). The targeting interaction between HMGA2 and miR-30a were verified by dual luciferase reporter assay. Compared with the control group, the expression levels of Beclin 1 and LC3B were significantly increased (P<0.05), and the expression level of P62 was significantly decreased (P<0.05) in the HMGA2 high expression group, which was opposite in the HMGA2 low expression group.
 Conclusion: Suppression of miR-30a/HMGA2-mediated autophagy in osteosarcoma cells is likely to enhance the therapeutic effect of chemotherapeutics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Bone Neoplasms , Cell Line, Tumor , HMGA2 Protein , Metabolism , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Osteosarcoma
7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 677-681,687, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754209

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relationship between vascular endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene polymorphism and the pathogenesis of avascular femoral head necrosis (ANFH).Methods The eNOS full-length CDS fragments,containing 894G or 894T separately,was subcloned into lentiviral expression vector,and then infect the human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC).The contents of nitric oxide NO and cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in cell culture supernatant were detected in a time-dependent manner.The luciferase-labeled reporter plasmid pNF-κB-luc was co-transfected with the reference control plasmid pRL-TK into HUVEC cells infected with LV-eNOS-894G,LV-eNOS-894T,and control lentivirus (LV-NC) for 48 h.The luciferase activity of each group was detected.The expression of nuclear factor (NF)-κB protein and eNOS protein in HUVEC cells were detected by Western blot assay.The HUVEC cells in each group were co-cultured with hFOB1.19 cells,and the concentration of alkaline phosphatase (ALP) or osteocalcin (OCN) in the supernatant were detected at different time points.Results The contents of NO and cGMP in the cell culture supernatant of the full-length lentivirus expressing eNOS gene (containing 894G or 894T) were significantly higher than that in the empty cell group and the empty vector group,and the contents of NO and cGMP in the cell culture supernatant of the 894G group were significantly higher than that of 894T group (P < 0.01).Compared with blank cells,the expression levels of NF-κB/p65 protein and eNOS protein were significantly increased in cells expressing eNOS,and the expression of NF-κB/p65 protein in 894G group was significantly increased than 894T group,but there was no difference in eNOS protein expression between the 894G and 894T groups;each group of HUVEC cells were co-cultured with hFOB1.19 osteoblasts,and at each of the same time points,the concentrations of ALP and OCN in the cell culture supernatant expressing lentivirus were significantly higher than that in the empty cell group and the empty vector group,and the ALP and OCN concentrations in the cell culture supernatant of the 894G group were significantly higher than those in the 894T group.Conclusions The eNOS gene exon G894T mutation reduces the levels of nitric oxide and cGMP produced by vascular endothelial cells through the eNOS-NO pathway,affecting the expression levels of NF-κB/p65 protein and eNOS protein,and reducing osteoblast activity,and blood supply to blood vessels.It may be one of the pathogenic mechanisms leading to femoral head necrosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 22-26, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711626

ABSTRACT

Objective This study is to compare flap-viability-related complications, coverage reach, recon-struction outcomes and donor-mobidities between distally-based peroneal artery perforator-plus fasciocutaneous (DPAPF)flap and distally-based posterior tibial artery perforator-plus fasciocutaneous(DPTAPF)flap for recon-struction of soft-tissue defects over the distal lower leg, ankle and foot, and thus provide evidence for selection of the flaps. Methods Between April, 2002 and February, 2012, 216 and 59 patients underwent the reconstructions with DPAPF flaps(peroneal group)and DPTAPF flaps(posterior tibial group)respectively. We subdivided the distal lower leg, ankle and foot into 12 subregions. In all the patients, flap-viability-related complications and its potential risk factors(including age,sex,etiology,location of top edge,location of pivot point,length and width of both the skin is-land and adipofascial pedicle, length-width ratio, and total length), coverage reach(the subregion in which the most distal part of the reconstructed defect lies),duration of flap elevation and hospital stay were compared between the two groups. In patients with at least 3 months postoperative follow-up, comparative study of reconstruction outcomes, pa-tient's satisfaction with flap appearance and donor-site morbidities were performed between the groups. Results Partial necrosis rate in the peroneal of the posterior tibial group were 12.0 percent versus 20.3 percent,respectively(P> 0.05). Marginal necrosis and overall complication (including partial and marginal necrosis)rates in the peroneal group(1.9 percent and 13.9 percent, respectively)were significantly lower than those in the posterior tibial group (8.5 percent and 28.8 percent,respectively)(P<0.05).Incidence of partial necrosis of the flaps for the defects over subregions 7 to 10 in the peroneal group(7 of 41)was significantly lower than that in the posterior tibial group(2 of 2).There was no difference in reconstruction outcomes and patient's satisfaction with flap appearance in both groups(P >0.05).Incidences of hypertrophic scar,itching and pigmentation at the donor site were significantly lower in the peroneal group(P<0.05). Conclusion DPAPF flap is superior to DPTAPF flap in reliability,safe coverage reach and less donor-site morbidities.The former is recommended as the first choice when local pedicle flaps are considered to recon-struct soft-tissue defects over the distal lower leg,ankle and foot.

9.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 919-926, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607544

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility of construction of tissue engineered cartilage by co-culture of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and costal chondrocytes (CCs),and to provide theoretical basis and experimental basis for clinical repair of articular cartilage defects by Wuzhishan miniature pig knee cartilage defects with co-cultured cells.Methods:Density gradient centrifugation method was used to isolate BMSCs from Wuzhishan miniature pig.The double enzyme digestion method was used to isolate CCs.The passage 3 generation of BMSCs and passage 2 generation of CCs were randomly divided into 3 groups:a co-culture group of BMSCs∶CCs for 1∶2 (Group A),a simple CCs (Group B),and a simple BMSCs (Group C).The cell growth curve was drawn,and the content of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) of external separation in chondrocytes was determined.The 12 Wuzhishan miniature pigs were randomly divided into a co-culture cells/collagen membrane experimental group,a collagen membrane control group and the blank group.In the co-culture cells/collagen membrane experimental group,the co-cultured cells/collagen membrane were implanted into the cartilage defects of the mandibular condyle;in the collagen membrane control group,only collagen membrane was implanted;while in the blank group,nothing was implanted.Six animals were sacrificed at 8 and 16 weeks after surgery respectively (2 animals in each group).General observation,cartilage histological score and histopathological examination were carried out.Results:The BMSCs and co-culture cells grew well.The biological activity of CCs was good.After 16 weeks of operation,the repair tissues in the co-cultured cells/collagen membrane experimental group showed hyaline cartilage features:smooth,flat,and integrated well with the surrounding cartilage and subchondral bone.The collagen membrane in the collagen membrane control group was fibrously repaired.Repair tissue gross score in the co-culture cells/collagen membrane experimental group was significantly better than that in the collagen membrane control group and the blank group (both P0.05).Conclusion:BMSCs,CCs and co-cultured cells can function as the seed cells for cartilage tissue engineering,and the co-culture cells (BMSCs∶CCs=1∶2) possess more advantages;the short-term effect of co-culture cells with collagen membrane on repairing cartilage defects is satisfied.

10.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1666-1670, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505166

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate application feasibility of the heterogeneous de protein cancellous bone in the treatment of lumber intertransverse process spinal fusion.Methods Thirty 6 ~ 8 month healthy male goats were selected to make intertransverse bone bed,and were randomly divided into groups Ⅰ and Ⅱ,with 15 in each group.Group Ⅰ was the left side implanted the tissue engineering bone (A group),and the right side implanted recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) composite bone (B group);Group Ⅱ was the left implanted autologous bone (C group),and the right side implanted simple heterogeneous de protein cancellous bone (D group).Each group was observed with the Xray,histological morphology,and maximum bending load.Results (1) In groups B and D,postoperative 4-,8-and 12-week X-ray scores were lower than that of group C (P <0.05);In group A,postoperative 4-,8-and 12-week X-ray score were (5.30 ± 0.41) points,(8.54 ± 0.89) points,and (11.25 ± 0.91)points,compared to group C,without statistically significant difference (P > 0.05);(2) For groups A,B and D,postoperative 4-and 8-week histological scores were significantly lower than those in group C (P <0.05).For group A,postoperative 4-and 8-week histological scores were significantly higher than those of groups B and D (P <0.05).The histological scores of groups B and D postoperative 12 weeks were lower than those of group C (P <0.05).The histological score of group A postoperative 12 weeks was (11.04 ± 1.52) points,compared to group C without statistically significant difference (P > 0.05);(3) The maximum bending load of groups B and D was lower than that of group C (P < 0.05).The maximum bending load of group A was (60.32 ± 10.10) N,compared to group C without statistically significant difference (P > 0.05).Conclusions The construction of tissue engineered bone by the heterogeneous de protein cancellous bone,its osteogenesis is close to autogenous bone,but simple heterogeneous de protein cancellous bone osteogenesis is poor.

11.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 199-203, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815452

ABSTRACT

Tendon tissue engineering is a novel therapeutic strategy for severe tendon injury and loss. Adipose derived stem cells (ASCs) have been studied extensively, due to their potency to differentiate into musculoskeletal tissue precursors such as osteoblasts, chondrocytes, adipocytes, and tendocytes under specific cues and high ability of proliferation. Resources of ASCs are ubiquitous and isolation of ASCs is secure, simple and minimally invasive. Mounting evidences demonstrate that ASCs may be involved in tendon tissue engineering and repair the severe injury of tendon under stimulation of various growth factors and other appropriate fittings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adipocytes , Adipose Tissue , Cell Biology , Cell Differentiation , Chondrocytes , Osteoblasts , Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Tendon Injuries , Therapeutics , Tendons , Cell Biology , Tissue Engineering , Wound Healing
12.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 178-184, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815443

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the effect of alendronate amount on the static mechanical properties of bone cement before elution and 4 weeks after elution, and determine suitable amount of alendronate in cement from the perspective of biomechanics.@*METHODS@#Samples of compression strength and bending strength (modulus) were prepared with bone cement adding 0, 10, 50, 100, 500 and 1000 mg alendronate in 50 g Cemex®XL bone cement powders respectively (named as G0-G5 groups). The compression strength, bending strength, and bending modulus of bone cement were examinated by INSTRON 8032 tester before the elution and 4 weeks after the elution. Some broken samples of 4-point bending test were examinated by scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), and some other samples of bending strength (modulus) tests by micro-CT.@*RESULTS@#No significant difference was found in the compression strength before the elution,4 weeks after elution in the 6 groups, and before and after the elution in the respective groups (P>0.05). Compared with G0 group, G1-G4 groups had no obvious difference in the bending strength before the elution and 4 weeks after the elution (P>0.05), while G5 group had difference (P0.05). Taken G0 group as the control group, G1-G4 groups had no visible effects on the bending modulus 4 weeks after the elution (P>0.05), while G5 group decreased it significantly (P0.05), while bending modulus before and after the elution in the respective groups displayed a marked difference (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Less than 500 mg alendronate added in Cemex?XL 50 g bone cement powder does not decrease the compressive strength, flexural strength and flexural modulus before the elution and 4 weeks after the elution.


Subject(s)
Alendronate , Chemistry , Bone Cements , Compressive Strength , Elastic Modulus , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Powders
13.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 290-295, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815427

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the effect of bone cement, with different amounts of alendronate on osteoblast, and determine the cytotoxicity of alendronate-integrated bone cement from the viewpoint of cell biology.@*METHODS@#According to different additions (0, 10, 50, 100, 500, 1 000 mg) of alendronate in 50 g Cemex®XL bone cement powder, the experiments were divided into 6 groups, namely G0-G5 groups. In all groups, the adhesive capacity of osteoblast-like cells MG-63 was evaluated by electron microscope, the optical density (OD) value of cells by MTT colorimetry method, the alkaline phosphatase activity (AKP) by AKP assay kit, the apoptosis rates by Annexin-V-FITC apoptosis detection kit, and the bone mineralization potentiality by phase contrast microscope.@*RESULTS@#The adhesive capacity of MG-63 was good in all groups. Compared with the G0 group, the cell apoptosis was inhibited in G1-G4 groups while in G5 group the cell apoptosis was promoted and cell proliferation was inhibited (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Less than 500 mg alendronate added in Cemex®XL 50 g bone cement powder has no cytotoxicity on osteoblasts.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alendronate , Apoptosis , Bone Cements , Cell Adhesion , Cell Proliferation , Osteoblasts , Cell Biology
14.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 652-658, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-451752

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the short-term effect of radial head replacement for the treatment of terrible triad of the elbow.Methods In the period between June 2011 and June 2012,the radial head replacements were carried out in six patients with terrible triad of elbow.There were five acute elbow fracture-dislocation cases and one old fractnre case.All cases underwent open reduction and fixation coronoid fracture with screws or nonabsorbable sutures,radial head replacement,repair of lateral ligament complex and repair or reconstruction of annular ligament.All patients initiated the rehabilitation program under supervision within 5-7 days after surgery.The X-ray and Computed tomography of elbow was used to evaluate the posi tion of radial head prosthesis.Functional outcome of elbow was assessed by Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS) and complications.Results All patients were participated in follow-up for 10-24 months and the mean duration of follow-up was 16.8 months.The MEPS was from 85 to 95 points and the mean MEPS was 91.7 points.The outcome of MEPS was excellent in 5 cases,good in 1 case.The range motion of elbow flexion was from 82 to 95 degrees and the average of elbow flexion was 87 degrees; the range motion of extension was from 15 to 32 degrees and the average of elbow extension was 21 degrees.The range motion of fore-ann pronation was from 82 to 90 degrees with 86 degrees in average.The motion range of supination was from 45 to 80 degrees with 56 degrees in average.All cases got persistent stability in elbow with painless movement.None of patient suffered traumatic arthritis and infection.The motion range of elbow was restricted due to the unfit relative position of radial head prosthesis and capi tellum in one case,characterized by decreasing radiocapitellar joint space.Two cases developed into heterotopic ossification in elbow without hampering the motion range of elbow.Conclusion The outcome of the radial head replacement on the treatment of radial head fracture in the elbow terrible triad was satisfactory.However,the longer duration of observation was essential to verify the favorable effect of radial head replacement on dealing with terrible triad in elbow.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1524-1529, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-473454

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) polymorphisms and avascular necrosis of femoral head (ANFH),to explore possible relationship between the ANFH incidence and 27-bp repeat polymorphism in intron 4 and G894T polymorphism in exon 7.Methods Totally 125 atraumatic ANFH patients and 126 healthy controls without hip trauma history were enrolled.Gene polymorphisms in 27-bp repeat polymorphism in intron 4 and G894T polymorphism in exon 7 were determined.Medical history was collected for etiology analysis.Results In between-group comparison,the frequency of b/a genotype intron 4 in ANFH group was significantly higher than that in healthy control group [19/125 (15.2%) vs 6/126 (4.8%),P =0.0001,OR =4.501],and the result of G/T genotype exon 7 in the ANFH group also indicated a statistical significance with the healthy control group [30/125 (24.0%) vs 17/126 (13.5%),P =0.0094,OR =3.804].In subgroup analysis,genotype b/a and G/T were especially higher in the idiopathic group than that in the healthy control group.Conclusions eNOS gene polymorphisms might be a risk factor of ANFH,there is underlying relevance of eNOS and the disease.Both 27-bp repeat polymorphism in intron 4 and G894T polymorphism in exon 7 are associated with ANFH incidence.

16.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-522580

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the diagnosis and operative treatment of spinal tumor. Methods Clinical symptom, diagnosis and operative treatment of 22 patients with spinal tumor in our institution from August 1987 to August 2002 were analysed retrospectively. Results Combining with patients' clinical symptoms and results of corresponding examination, all cases were diagnosed before operation. After operation, all the patients recovered with different outcome except 3 patients died. There were 18 cases nearly cured. Conclusion The clinical symptoms of the patients with spinal tumor have some specialty. The preoperative diagnosis mainly depends on MRI. The various operative modes should be taken according to tumor localization.

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