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Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 336-338, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-819147


Objective@#To understand the epidemic trend of tobacco use among junior middle school students in Shunyi District of Beijing in recent 5 years, and to provide scientific basis for formulating adolescent tobacco control strategies and intervention measures.@*Methods@#The two stage sampling method was used to survey 3 junior middle school schools randomly selected from Shunyi District, Beijing, in November 2013, December 2015 and November 2017. The number of students surveyed each year was 1 520, 1 404 and 1 467 respectively.@*Results@#A total of 4 500 questionnaires were distributed and 4 391 questionnaires were valid, with an effective rate of 97.6%. The current smoking rate and the attempting smoking rate in Shunyi District junior high school students increased substantially, the difference was statistically significant(χ2=9.15, 11.54, P<0.01). The exposure rate of second-hand smoke among junior high school students in Shunyi District is increasing year by year. The current smoking rate and the attempting smoking rate of second-hand smoke at home and in public places were higher than those of non-exposed ones. The differences in the current smoking rates of junior high school students (χ2=25.86, 37.61, P<0.01) and the attempting smoking rate (χ2=49.51, 63-86, P<0.01) were statistically significant. The influence of Shunyi District junior high school students through different tobacco information access channels on the current smoking rate of junior high school students increased year by year. Different tobacco information access channels have significant difference in the influence of the junior middle school students’ attempting smoking rate(P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#The overall tobacco use of junior high school students in Shunyi District of Beijing is increasing by year. The exposure of second-hand smoke is not optimistic, and the supervision of tobacco information acquisition channels is urgent to be strengthened.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-463719


Objective To investigate the clinical effect of operation of superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery(STA -MCA)bypass combined with temporal muscle sticking in the treatment of adult moyamoya disease.Methods A retrospective analysis was the data of operation,including preoperative evaluation,operation method,postoperative follow -up.Results Postoperative complications occurred in 5 cases,including 3 cases of intracranial hemorrhage,2 cases of cerebral infarction.During the follow -up of 6 -35 months,no recurrent hemor-rhage cases,1 cases of cerebral infarction,TIA remission rate was 93.5%.Postoperative cerebral blood flow of 38 cases significantly improved compared with preoperative by SPET,accounted for 86.3%.Cerebral blood flow of 41 cases was well compensated by vascular bridge,accounted for 91%.Conclusion Operation of STA -MCA bypass combined with temporal muscle sticking can significantly reduce the incidence of stroke,fewer complications,which is an ideal method in the treatment of adult moyamoya disease.

Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 158-160, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-328962


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To summarize the results of endoscopic screening of esophageal, gastric cardiac and gastric cancers in the high-risk population, and analyze the influencing factors such as age, gender and biopsy rate on their detection and early diagnosis rates.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Nine high incidence cities and counties of esophageal cancer in Henan province were included in this study. People aged 40-69 years were set to the target population. Excluding contraindications for gastroscopy, in accordance with the national technical scheme of early cancer diagnosis and treatment, gastroscopic screening and biopsy pathology for human esophageal, cardiac and gastric cancers were carried out.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>During the 3-year period, a total of 40 156 subjects were screened. Among them, 18 459 cases of various precancerous lesions (46.0%) were detected. The cancer detection rate was 2.3% (916 cases), including 763 cases of early cancers. The diagnosis rate of early cancers was 83.3%. Precancerous lesions were detected in 9297 cases (23.2%) for esophagus and 9162 cases (22.8%) for gastric cardia as well as stomach, respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The results of this study demonstrate that endoscopic screening is feasible for early detection, diagnosis and treatment of esophageal, gastric cardia and gastric cancers among high risk population in high incidence area. Exploration analysis of relevant affecting factors may help to further improve the screening project for early diagnosis and treatment of those cancers.</p>

Adult , Age Distribution , Aged , Biopsy , Cardia , China , Early Detection of Cancer , Esophageal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Female , Gastroscopy , Humans , Male , Mass Screening , Middle Aged , Precancerous Conditions , Diagnosis , Stomach Neoplasms , Diagnosis
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 683-685,688, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-601781


Objective To investigate the surgical effort of transurethral bipolar plasma kinetic resection (PKR-BT) on who cannot tolerate radical cystectomy in elderly patients with high-risk infiltration bladder urothelial cancer.Methods From 2010 January to 2013 September,data from 27 cases of elderly had been reviewed.The risk of invasive bladder urothelial cancer were treated with PKR-BT treatment.All patients met WHO elderly standards in this group of patients with severe diabetes was 7 cases,and other comlications.Results All 27 patients had been successful in operation and postoperative recovery.Patients were followed up for 4-45 months,8 cases occured recurrence,6 cases of PKR-BT again,2 cases missed,complete follow up 25 patients still survived,the median follow-up time was 23.6 months,the longest survival was 45 months.Conclusion PKR-BT in the treatment of invasive bladder urothelial cancer patients is safe and effective,it can be used as one of the alternate treatment for such patients.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-389380


Objective To explore the effect of glucose fluctuation on resistin. Methods The phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate(PMA)-activated and differentiated U937 cells were exposed to experimental condition for 3 days, three groups of cells were formed, each one receiving the following fresh medium every 6 hours, respectively: (1) continuous 11.1 mmol/L glucose concentration medium (Con group), (2)continuous 22.2 mmol/L glucose concentration medium (CHG group), (3) alternating 11.1 mmol/L glucose concentration and 22. 2 mmol/L glucose concentration medium every 6 hours (IHG group). The supernatants of cell mediam at the last 6 hours were collected to test resistin concentration. Besides, 92 subjects were selected and classified into three groups according to the results of oral glucose tolerance test:normal glucose tolerance group ( NGT group, n =30), impaired glucose tolerance patients (IGT group, n =31) and newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes patients (T2DM group, n =31). Blood glucose and serum resistin levels were measured at 0 h and 1 h during oral glucose tolerance test ( OGTT) to compare the glucose fluctuation (△Glu1-0) and the change of serum resistin level (△lnRes1-0) among the three groups. Results Resistin concentration in the Con , CHG and IHG group was (73.62 ± 5.07)ng/L, (97.78 ±7.00)ng/L and(212.49 ± 28. 81 )ng/L respectively and in IHG group it was higher as compared with the other two groups (P<0.05). △Glu1-0 in NGT, IGT and T2DM group was(2.31 ±2.30)mmol/L,(5.70 ±2.08)mmol/L and (8.41 ±2.63)mmol/L respectively; △Glu1-0 increased gradually in all the three groups (P<0.05). Serum resistin level from 0 h to 1 h in the NGT group was 6.41 (1.52-15.76) μg/L to 6. 96( 1.52-22. 70) μg/L, in the IGT group 5.47( 1.49-24. 09)μg/L to 9. 12( 1.27-21.94)μg/L and in the T2DM group 5.77( 1.11-30.10) μg/L to 9. 27(1.02-48.15)μg/L In the IGT and T2DM group serum resistin level increased from 0 h to 1 h (P<0.05), but no difference was observed in the NGT group (P>0. 05).△lnRes1-0 in these 3 groups was (0.05 ± 0.05) μg/L, (0.25 ± 0.04) μg/L and (0.37 ± 0.03 )μg/L respectively and the change in the T2DM group was significant as compared with that in the NGT group,△lnRes1-0 was positively correlated with △Glu1-0 (r = 0.23, P = 0.02). Conclusion Glucose fluctuation induced monocyte/macrophage to secrete resistin, greater the glucose fluctuation, greater the change of amplitude of serum resistin.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-560727


Objective To investigate the value of urodynamic parameters in diagnosing female bladder outlet obstruction.Methods By follow-up investigation,36 out of 54 patients who underwent transurethral vesical neck incision for female bladder outlet obstruction(FBOO)were proven to achieve good therapeutic efficacy,so the clinical diagnosis as FBOO made before treatment was regarded as correct,as FBOO group.Anther 29 asymptomatic healthy female subjects were selected as controls.ROC curve was used to analyze the urodynamic parameters.Results The area under curve,cutoff for diagnosis and their sensitivity and specificity of the parameters were as follows:Q_ max:AUC=0.823,Q_ max≤15 ml/s(SEN=87%,SPE=81%);PdetQ_ max:AUC=0.826,PdetQ_ max≥28.5 cmH_ 2O(SEN=76%,SPE=72%);A-G value:AUC=0.922,A-G value≥1.1(SEN=86%,SPE=86%).Conclusion When Q_ max≤15 ml/s,PdetQ_ max≥28.5 cmH_ 2O and A-G value≥1.1,FBOO is likely to occur in female.