Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 8 de 8
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
Protein & Cell ; (12): 717-733, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888715

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is caused by infection with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), which is spread primary via respiratory droplets and infects the lungs. Currently widely used cell lines and animals are unable to accurately mimic human physiological conditions because of the abnormal status of cell lines (transformed or cancer cells) and species differences between animals and humans. Organoids are stem cell-derived self-organized three-dimensional culture in vitro and model the physiological conditions of natural organs. Here we showed that SARS-CoV-2 infected and extensively replicated in human embryonic stem cells (hESCs)-derived lung organoids, including airway and alveolar organoids which covered the complete infection and spread route for SARS-CoV-2 within lungs. The infected cells were ciliated, club, and alveolar type 2 (AT2) cells, which were sequentially located from the proximal to the distal airway and terminal alveoli, respectively. Additionally, RNA-seq revealed early cell response to virus infection including an unexpected downregulation of the metabolic processes, especially lipid metabolism, in addition to the well-known upregulation of immune response. Further, Remdesivir and a human neutralizing antibody potently inhibited SARS-CoV-2 replication in lung organoids. Therefore, human lung organoids can serve as a pathophysiological model to investigate the underlying mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 infection and to discover and test therapeutic drugs for COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Monophosphate/therapeutic use , Alanine/therapeutic use , Alveolar Epithelial Cells/virology , Antibodies, Neutralizing/therapeutic use , COVID-19/virology , Down-Regulation , Drug Discovery , Human Embryonic Stem Cells/metabolism , Humans , Immunity , Lipid Metabolism , Lung/virology , RNA, Viral/metabolism , SARS-CoV-2/physiology , Virus Replication/drug effects
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498608

ABSTRACT

Objective To provide objective evidences for early screening of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(HPA)axis function in diabetic patients, the relationship between HPA axis function and diabetes mellitus was systematically reviewed. Methods PubMed, Ovid, Embase, Web of science Databases were retrieved from articles reporting the relationship between HPA axis function and diabetes mellitus. Meta-analysis were carried out by Stata 12. 0 software for heterogeneity test and data merged among articles for the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results Our meta-analysis showed the following results: Compared with control group, the basal plasma cortisol level in total diabetes group, T1DM group, T2DM group, diabetes patients(with or without chronic complications)combined with hypertension was significantly higher. Compared with control group, postdexamethasone cortisol level was markedly higher in diabetes group. There was no significant difference in 24 h urinary free cortisol(24h UFC)and ACTH levels between diabetes group and control group. Our qualitative evaluation shows the following results: the differences of awaking salivary cortisol and cortisol awakening response(CAR)between the two groups were inconsistent among all included studies. Most studies showed that CAR was lower in diabetic patients. Conclusion The present analysis has demonstrated that HPA axis dysfunction exists along with diabetes mellitus, and diabetic comorbidity may further worsen the HPA axis dysfunction.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-290744

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we propose a new active contour algorithm, i. e. hierarchical contextual active contour (HCAC), and apply it to automatic liver segmentation from three-dimensional CT (3D-CT) images. HCAC is a learning-based method and can be divided into two stages. At the first stage, i.e. the training stage, given a set of abdominal 3D-CT training images and the corresponding manual liver labels, we tried to establish a mapping between automatic segmentations (in each round) and manual reference segmentations via context features, and obtained a series of self-correcting classifiers. At the second stage, i.e. the segmentation stage, we firstly used the basic active contour to segment the image and subsequently used the contextual active contour (CAC) iteratively, which combines the image information and the current shape model, to improve the segmentation result. The current shape model is produced by the corresponding self-correcting classifier (the input is the previous automatic segmentation result). The proposed method was evaluated on the datasets of MICCAI 2007 liver segmentation challenge. The experimental results showed that we would get more and more accurate segmentation results by the iterative steps and the satisfied results would be obtained after about six rounds of iterations.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Liver , Diagnostic Imaging , Models, Theoretical , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409894

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:During the outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome(SARS),certain people had been isolated by various reasons and appeared a series of psychological, physical and behavioral reactions. OBJECTIVE:To understand the different defensive features in people with different level of mental health in the isolated population, and explore the relationship between defensive style and mental health. DESIGN:An in investigative study taking the isolated population during outbreak of SARS as the subjects. SETTING:A psychiatric department of a military hospital. PARTICIPANTS:Totally 187 people of different sex,age and education, who were isolated during April and May 2003 due to SARS outbreak in a city of northwest China,were selected as the subjects. INTERVENTIONS:The 187 subjects,who were isolated due to SARS outbreak,were evaluated by using the symptom checklist(SCL 90) and defense style questionnaire(DSQ). RESULTS:About 36.4% people of this population had distinct mental or physical health problems that were characterized by anxiety,horror,depression,hostility and compulsion.There was difference in defensive styles between the high symptom group and low symptom group,among which the score of DSQ factors in the immature type of high and low symptom groups were 5.72± 1.56 and 4.35± 0.96 respectively while the scores in the intermediate type defense were 4.98± 1.44 and 3.72± 0.89 respectively(P< 0.01).Mental health problem was positively correlated with the application of immature defensive style,but had negative correlation with application of mature defensive means. CONCLUSION:There is difference in the defensive styles among the isolated people with different mental health status,and their defensive strategies are closely related to the mental health.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-575020

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an HPLC method for determination of triptoquinone B in Radix Folium Seu Flos Tripterygii Wilfordii(RFFTW) and its tablets.Methods An external method with HiQ siL KYA-C_(18)(250 mm?4.6 mm,5 ?m) column as fixed phase and methanol-1% acetic acid solution((66∶)34) as mobile phase was adopted.The detective wave length was 254 nm and the flow rate was 1.0 mL/min.Results The linearity range was 6.62—105.9 ?g/mL(r=0.999 9),the average recovery of T.wilfordii from Hunan Province was 97.78%,RSD was 1.09%(n=9),and the average recovery of tablet of T.hypoglaucum was 99.83%,RSD was 1.76%(n=9).Conclusion The method is accurate and sensitive.It is adoptable for quantitative analysis of triptoquinone B in RFFTW and its tablets.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573911

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the content of tripterine in Tripterygium wilfordii and its tablets by HPLC.Methods An external standard method by HPLC with Zorbax C_(18)column as fixed phase and methanol-1% HAc(87∶13) as mobile phase was adopted.The detection wavelength was 425 nm and the flow rate was 1.0 mL/min.Results The linear range for tripterine was 40.96~204.8 ?g/mL(r=(0.999 6).) The average recovery of Chinese medicinal materials was 98.37% and RSD was 1.01%(n=9);the average recovery of preparation sample was 98.59% and RSD was 1.18%(n=9).Conclusion The method is simple and accurate,which can be adoptable for quantitative analysis of tripterine in the plants of Tripterygium L.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-573657

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an HPLC method for determination of triptoquinone H in Tripterygium wilfordii and its Tablet preparations. Methods An external method with Agilent Zorbax SC-C_(8)(250 mm?4.6 mm, 5 ?m) column as fixed phase and methanol-water (75∶25) as mobile phase was adopted. The detective wavelength was 258 nm and the flow rate was 1.0 mL/min. Results The linearity range of triptoquinone was 6.28 — 100.5 ?g/mL (r=0.999 7). The average recovery of T. wilfordii was 96.94%, RSD was 1.57% (n=9) and the average recovery of T. hypoglaucum Tablet was 100.02%, RSD was 1.74% (n=9). Conclusion The method is accurate and sensitive. It is adoptable for quantity analysis of triptoquinone H in T. wilfordii and its Tablet.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-516516

ABSTRACT

Of the 411 hepatitis with severe jaundice admitted, 124 ( 30. 17%) had head perspiration. Based on Zhang Zhongjing's etiologic - pathogenic conception, 102 cases of such patients were treated by the principle of cooling and activating blood, benefitting Qi and Yin. 89 cases had jaundice eliminated, 13 cases had residual jaundice. All 22 cases of chronic severe hepatitis survived. Of them, 9 early stage cases were all survived, 7 of the 8 cases of intermediate stage survived, only 1 out of 5 cases of late stage survived.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL