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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882773

ABSTRACT

The data of a child with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy in Qilu Children′s Hospital of Shandong University in February 2020 were analyzed retrospectively.The child was a 4-month-old girl, who was admitted to the hospital because of " repeated convulsions for 4 months and feeding difficulty for 1 month" at the age of 4 months.The patient suffered from epilepsy 1 day after birth, and the epilepsy type was tonic seizures.Severe developmental retardation was observed in the patient.Electroencephalogram showed multifocal discharge, which then turned to hypsarrhythmia.The cranial imaging was negative.Feeding difficulty occurred at the age of 3 months.The genetic testing revealed a de novo heterozygous missense mutation in the FGF12 gene (Arg114His). Various antiepileptic drugs and ketogenic diet were ineffective.There was no attack in 2 months after adding Phenytoin.The child could eat on her own after seizure control, but there was no progress in intellectual and motor development.Mutations in the FGF12 gene lead to poor prognosis of early-onset epileptic encephalopathy, and the seizures are difficult to control.Sodium ion channel blockers such as Phenytoin should be used as soon as possible.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708990

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to examine temporal trends in all cancer-eliminated life expectancy and potential years of life lost (PYLL) in Kunshan city, Jiangsu province, between 1981 and 2015. Methods Data were collected from the vital records of Kunshan city. Cancer-eliminated life expectancy and PYLL were calculated by sex,and the Chinese population from the year 2000 was used to calculate age-standardized PYLL. Estimated annual percentage changes (APC) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to examine temporal trends in increased cancer-eliminated life expectancy. Results Between 1981 and 2015,there was a significant decrease in age-standardized PYLL among males (APC=-2.31%, 95% CI:-2.51% to-2.11%) and females (APC=-1.91%, 95% CI:-2.26% to-1.56%). However, an increase was found in cancer-eliminated life expectancy in males and females, from 3.23 to 4.72 years in males(APC=2.42%,95% CI:1.64% to 3.20%)and from 1.10 to 2.94 years in females(APC=3.91%, 95% CI: 1.78% to 6.04%). Conclusion An overall decrease in age-standardized PYLL was observed when all cancers were considered,and an increase in cancer-eliminated life expectancy was found, suggesting that premature deaths due to cancers were reduced gradually. However, the negative effects of cancer on the health of the whole population have not been fully alleviated.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 497-504, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707332

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical outcomes of three-dimensional navigation assisted percutaneous sacroiliac screw combined with external fixator for the treatment of the Tile B and C pelvic fractures. Methods A retrospective case-control study was conducted on 43 patients with Tile B and C pelvic fractures from January 2014 to June 2017. There were 25 males and 18 females, with an average age of 44.6 years (range, 21-68 years). According to the AO typing, there were seven cases of type B1, 13 type B2, six type B3, 15 type C1, and two type C2. The duration from injury to operation ranged from 4 to 14 days (mean, 8.0 days). Based on the operation method, patients were divided into Group A (n=20) treated by three dimensional navigation assisted percutaneous sacroiliac screw combined with external fixator, and Group B (n = 23) treated by anterior open reduction and plate internal fixation. The two groups were compared in terms of operation time, blood loss, reduction quality by Matta score, Majeed pelvic fractures function score at the last follow up, and postoperative complications. Results All patients were followed up for 6-24 months (mean, 12.7 months). The operation time [(27.5 ± 1.6) minutes] and intraoperative bleeding [(26.3 ± 3.9) ml] in Group A were significantly less than those in Group B [(166.2±3.6)minutes and (128.0 ± 8.9) ml] (<0.05). There were no significant differences between Group A and Group B in the good and excellent rate of reduction [85% (17/20) vs.91% (21/23)], and Majeed score [90% (18/20) vs.91% (21/23)](P>0.05). The incidence of postoperative complication in Group A (10%) was significantly lower than that in Group B (39%) (P <0.05). Conclusion Compared with open reduction and plate internal fixation, three dimensional navigation assisted percutaneous sacroiliac screw combined with external fixator is preferable to unstable pelvic fractures due to the shorter operation time, less intraoperative bleeding, and fewer postoperative complications.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505683

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the temporal trend of cancer death rates in different age and the influencing factors in Kunshan,Jiangsu province,1981 to 2015.Methods Data were derived from cancer rcgistry and vital registration system.The Chinese age structure in 2000 was used to calculate age-standardized death rates (ASR),and annual percentage changes (APC) and 95% confidence interval (Cl) were used to estimate the temporal trend of cancer death rates.Difference decomposition method was applied to analyze the contribution of demographic and non-demographic factors for the change of cancer mortality.Results Between 1981 and 2015,the age standardized all cancers death rate decreased from 162.49 to 93.74 per 100,000 (APC=-l.6%,95% CI:-1.8%--1.5%).However,the ASR for those aged 70 years or above was stable over time (APC=0.2%,95% CI:-0.2%-0.5%),whereas aged 30-69 years was decreased from 240.01 in 1981 to 93.28 in 2015 (APC=-2.8%,95% CI:-3.0%--2.6%).In addition,the proportion of leading cancers were changed obviously.The proportion of lung cancer increased from 1981 to 2015,while gastric cancer,liver cancer,esophageal cancer and colorectal cancer decreased.Compared with the crude cancer mortality in 1993,the effect of the demographic and non-demographic factors to the increased death rate in 2015 were 308.93% and-208.93%,respectively.Conclusion The ASR death rate of all cancers was decreasing,and the rate in those aged 30 to 69 years decreased significantly,whereas stable in those aged 70 years or above.The effect of demographic characteristics on cancer mortality was significantly greater than that of non-demographic characteristics.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606527

ABSTRACT

Objective To study effect of general anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia on analgesia and microcirculation in patients undergoing total hysterectomy. Methods 92 patients of total hysterectomy who received therapy were selected, according to random number table,those patients were divided into the observation group (n=42) and the control group (n=48),the observation group received general anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia, the control group were only given general anesthesia.The operation condition, hemodynamics and stress response before anesthesia(T0), at tracheal intubation(T1), after pneumoperitoneum 10min(T2), after surgery(T3), at extubation(T4) were compared,and postoperative pain (VAS) score was compared. Results There was no significant difference in operation time and fluid volume between the two groups. In the control group,the levels of mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) at the time of T1, T2, T3 were significantly increased(P<0.05), the levels of MAP and HR at the time of T1,T2,T3 in the observation group were lower than the control group(P<0.05). The cortisol (Cor), epinephrine (E), norepinephrine (NE) at the time of T1,T2,T3,T4 in the observation group were lower than the control group(P<0.05). Two groups of patients in the postoperative 12h, 6h, the VAS scores in the resting state and cough state were higher than the postoperative 1h(P<0.05),but the scores in the observation group were lower than the control group(P<0.05). Conclusion General anesthesia combined with epidural anesthesia is well for total hysterectomy,which can maintain hemodynamic stability during surgery, relieve stress reaction, alleviate postoperative pain, it is worthy of application and promotion.

6.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 343-345, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-460568

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical efficacy of RevoLix 2 μm continuous wave laser treatment on bladder neck contracture after benign prostatic hyperplasia operation. Methods A total of 21 cases were enrolled in current research and they all accepted 2 μm continuous wave laser treatment of bladder neck contracture after benign prostatic hyperplasia operation in the 252th Hospital of the Chinese People's Liberation Army. The clinical efficacy was recorded. Results The operation of the 2 μm continuous wave laser vaporesections were successfully performed on 21 cases. The maximum urine flow rate was increased from(6. 86 ± 1. 97)ml/ s to(16. 31 ± 1. 61)ml/ s,and the difference was significant(t = 15. 49,P < 0. 01). After 3 to 23 months(median 14 months)follow-up,20 cases were cured and 1 case was combined with bladder residual urine 110 ml. Conclusion The therapy of 2 μm continuous wave laser is a superior micro-invasive surgery method for patients with Bladder neck contracture,which shows little blood loss,high level safety,convenient operation and infrequent complications.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-485414

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the influence of sirtinol,a silent information regulator 1(SIRT1)inhibitor,in the cell proliferation, cell cycle progression and the expression levels of positive regulator proteins of the cell cycle including Cyclin D1,CDK4 and pRb in prostate cancer DU145 cells,and to explore the possible mechanism of SIRT1 in occurrence of prostagte cancer.Methods The DU145 cells at logarithmic growth phase were cultured in vitro and divided into control group(DMSO)and different doses (10,25,50μmol·L-1 )of sirtinol groups.The inhibitory rate of growth of DU145 cells was detected with MTT method,the SIRT1 mRNA and protein expression levels were determined by RT-PCR and Western blotting method, and the cell cycle was measured by flow cytometry.The Cyclin D1,CDK4 and pRb protein expression levels were examined by Western blotting method. Results Compared with control group, the inhibitory rates of growth of the DU145 cells in different doses of sirtinol groups were increased markedly in a dose-dependent manner(P0.05).Conclusion SIRT1 inhibition by sirtinol can inhibit the cell growth of prostate cancer DU145 cells in a dose-dependent manner and arrest the cell cycle progression,and its mechanism may be related to decreasing the CyclinD1 and pRb protein expressions.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747629

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical efficacy of nasal vestibule eczema by using beclomethasone dipropionate in combination with He-Ne laser therapy.@*METHOD@#The 200 cases of nasal vestibule eczema patients were randomly divided into treatment and control groups. The control group received the rub beclomethasone dipropionate cream treatment one time per day. The treatment group supplemented with He-Ne laser irradiation treatment on the basis of the control group on the same treatment, alsoone time per day. Then the results were analyzed.@*RESULT@#The total effective rate was 100.0% in treatment group, while 75.0% in the control group. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Beclomethasone dipropionate cream combined with He-Ne laser irradiation therapy on nasal vestibule eczema is significant, and easily to operate, with significant anti-inflammatory, anti-itch, analgesic effects.


Subject(s)
Administration, Inhalation , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Beclomethasone , Combined Modality Therapy , Double-Blind Method , Eczema , Therapeutics , Glucocorticoids , Humans , Laser Therapy , Male
9.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 773-777, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-303828

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To estimate the dose response relationship between cigarette smoking and hypertension in men based on restricted cubic spline method.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Under the proportion to the population size, 38 520 subjects were randomly selected from May to August 2012 with cluster sampling method in urban and rural areas of Kunshan, China.Each participant received face-to-face interview with the standardized questionnaire, and physical examination.Restricted cubic spline was employed to estimate the dose response relation of cigarette smoking on the risk of hypertension.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The overall prevalence of cigarette smoking was 22.6% (8 691/38 520), prevalence of cigarette smoking in men was 46.1% (8 499/18 454). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that current smoking (OR = 1.16, 95%CI:1.05-1.28) and previous cigarette smoking (OR = 1.32, 95%CI:1.07-1.63) were associated with hypertension after adjusted confounding factors (age, sex, body mass index, education, family income per month, urban or rural areas, physical activity and physical exercise) in men. After further adjusting drinking status, only previous cigarette smoking was associated with hypertension (OR = 1.28, 95%CI:1.04-1.58). The restricted cubic spline model indicated a linear dose-response relation between hypertension and cigarette smoking per day in men (non-linearity test P = 0.604 1).However, a non-linear dose response relation was found between duration of smoking (non-linearity test P < 0.000 1), smoking index (non-linearity test P = 0.009 9) and hypertension.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Long-term and heavy cigarette smoking is associated with hypertension in men.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Alcohol Drinking , Body Mass Index , China , Epidemiology , Humans , Hypertension , Epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Smoking , Epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427437

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate reliability and psychiatric clinical value of quantum resonance spectrometer (QRS) application in depression symptoms detection.MethodsThe psychiatric symptoms of 97 cases respectively obtained from QRS test and psychiatrist check were performed comparative analysis.The detecting order and checking order was under an order of go to see doctor random.ResultsSensitivity and negative predictive value of QRS were 100% same as psychiatrists'examination in eating disorders; also specificity and positive predictive were 100% in depressed mood,will weaken and sleep disorders.Kappa values were all greater than 0.8 of QRS in slow thinking,depressed mood,will weaken and other symptoms.The AUC of ROC line were all greater than 0.9 of QRS in slow thinking,depressed mood,will weaken,et al.11 symptoms.ConclusionQRS could be used as secondary depression diagnostic tools,provide a new basis for clinical diagnosis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1110-1113, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-423493

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the positive influence of a standard trauma system on the care of severely injured patients.Methods The severely injured patients (NISS≥16 points)were divided into study group ( in 2006-2008,after the establishment of trauma center in our hospital) and control group (in 2001-2005,before the establishment of trauma center),which was bound by the establishment of the trauma center in our hospital in January 2006.The injury severity,care and outcomes were recorded by using China Trauma Database and changes in efficiency and quality of injury care were compared.Results The study group (66 patients) and control group (260 patients) with NISS of (20.59 ±4.63)points and (20.57 ± 5.38 ) points respectively,were similar in the distribution of severity ( P > 0.05 ).The emergency care time was (0.33 ± 0.03) hour in the study group,which was significantly shortened compared with (0.57 ±0.35 ) hours in the control group (P < 0.01 ).The length of hospital stay was (27.64 ±29.01 ) days in the study group,which was shorter than (30.84 ± 32.87 ) days in the control group (P > 0.05 ),while the length of ICU stay was (2.98 ± 5.77 ) days in the study group,longer than (2.65 ± 7.00) days in the control group (P > 0.05 ).The recovery rate was significantly increased from 76.5% to 87.9% (P <0.05) and mortality was significantly decreased from 20.8% to 9.1% (P <0.05).Conclusion The study indicates that the standard first aid model can notably improve the trauma care in our hospital.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422766

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of circadian rhythm,gender and stain on the tail suspension test in mice.Methods The immobility time of male and female Kunming,BALB/C and C57BL/6 mice in daytime or night were analyzed.Results ① The immobility time of Kunming mice during the day ( ( 114.24 ±11.18)s) was significantly more than that at night ( (65.39 ± 19.17)s).② The immobility time of male BALB/C mice( (68.57 ± 11.27 ) s) was significantly less than that of female BALB/C mice( ( 113.33 ± 3.87 ) s).③ The immobility time of C57BL/6 mice was significant more than that of Kunming and BALB/C mice under the same condition.Conclusions Circadian rhythm,gender and strain could significantly affect the immobility time of mice in tail suspension test.To increase the sensitivity and reliability of the tail suspension test,male Kunming and female BALB/C mice should be tested during the daytime.Compared to Kunming and BALB/C mice,the results of C57BL/6 mice were more stable.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-421140

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate if the quantum resonance spectrometer(QRS) can detect the schizophrenic symptoms in clinical applications.Methods According to the result of QRS test and ICD-10 diagnostic criteria and exclusion criteria, subjects were divided into patient( n = 65 ) and control groups( n = 100).11 schizophrenia-related symptoms were detected by QRS.Data was analyzed using SPSS13.0 statistical software statistical significance was set at P<0.05.Results Sensitivity and specificity of QRS in the schizophrenic symptoms detection respective were hallucinations (0.887,0.851 ), lenovo undisciplined (0.847,0.868 ), thought insertion (0.800,0.843 ), logical thinking perversion ( 0.813,0.879 ), delusions ( 0.873,0.884 ), apathy ( 0.603,0.891 ), will decrease (0.883,0.886), environmental disorientation ( 0.574,0.837 ), self-disorientation ( 0.609,0.802) , double disorientation (0.603,0.843 ) and insight (0.862,0.869).Conclusion QRS detection possess higher authenticity, consistency and the high diagnostic value in the schizophrenic symptoms, special in hallucinations,thought disorder,insight symptoms.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413488

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sensitivity and variability factors that were assessed on the forced swimming test (FST) using BALB/C and Kunming mice. Methods The immobility time of FST was compared using Kunming and BALB/C mice in different experimental conditions including circadian rhythm ( day and night) ,gender and water temperature ( 12,22 and 32℃ ) . Results (①) The immobility time of BALB/C during the daytime( ( 142.42 ± 33.58) s) was significantly increased than that at night ( ( 104.89 ± 34.33 ) s). (② The immobility time of Kunming mice( (91.95 ± 40.32) s) was significantly decreased than that of BALB/C mice ( ( 142.42 ± 33.58 ) s). (③)The immobility time under the water temperature of 22 C ( ( 92.24 ± 25.81 ) s) was significant longer than that under the water temperature of 32C ( (60.72 ± 11.11 ) s). Conclusion BALB/C stain,male mice,daytime and water temperature of 22℃ should be chosen in the FST.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405418

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the feasibility and efficacy of iliofemoral endovascular therapy for the treatment of chronic ischemia of lower extremities due to arterial atherosclerosis. Methods During the period of September 2005-January 2009 percutaneous endovascular angioplasty and stent implantation were performed in 15 consecutive patients with CTA-proved chronic occlusive iliofemoral artery disease. The patients included 11 males and 4 females with a mean age of (72.1 ± 5.9) years (ranged from 61 to 82 years). Before the procedure, all patients underwent clinical and imaging assessments, including Fontaine classification, ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI), and lower limb computed tomography angiography (CTA). According to the length, morphology and location of the occlusive segment, different types of stents were employed together with pereutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) to treat the occluded lilac or superficial femoral artery. At the end of the procedure, distal angiogram was performed to assess the success of the procedure and to exclude thromboembolism or dissection complications. After PTA, the residual stenosis < 30% and/or pressure gradient < 10 mmHg were defined as technical success. Clinical success was identified when patient's clinical symptoms were improved by one or more grade according to Fontaine classification. Results Technical success was totally achieved in all patients with no occurrence of complication. Recanalization of the occluded artery was performed preferably by retrograde ipsilateral femoral artery approach in 5 patients and by contralateral access using the crossover aorta technique in 10 patients. PTA was performed in all patients after stent release to open the occluded vessel to its normal diameter. The mean length of the lilac arterial segment covered with 8 stents was (7.6 ± 1.4) cm (ranged from 6 cm to 10 cm). The mean diameter ± SD of the iliac stents was 9.5 mm ± 1.4 mm (ranged from 8 mm to 12 mm). The mean length of 5 superficial artery implanted stents was (4.5 ± 1.1) cm (ranged from 4 cm to 6 cm). The mean ABI before treatment and six months after treatment was 0.64 (range 0.41 to 0.89) and 0.76 (range 0.50 to 0.95), respectively. The difference in ABI between pre-interventional and post-interventional procedure was statistically significant (t = -4.64, P < 0.01). Clinical improvements according to Fontaine classification were obtained in all patients, in whom technical success was achieved (100%). Conclusion Endovascular interventional procedure is a safe and effective treatment for iliofemoral arterial occlusive disease due to arterial atherosclerosis. PTA combined with subsequent stent implantation can well improve the patient's quality of life as well as the hemodynamics of lower extremities, which is very important for preserving the diseased limb for a long period of time.

17.
Chinese Mental Health Journal ; (12): 883-887, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-404760

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess mental health literacy of urban porpulation and its related factors.Method:Subjects were sampled from 3 cities in the east(Wuxi),central(Changsha)and west(Xi'an)part of China.Subjects were asked to answer a questionnaire which included 5 vignettes of mental disorders and related questions.Results:54.1% of 7309 participants correctly recognized the cases of mania,but only 11.2% correctly recognized the cases of schizophrenia with negative symptoms.The average rate of correct recognition for all 5 vignettes was 41.7%.Participants with higher education level recognized the vignettes more correctly.Ill-character,stress and the pressure from work were reported to be the 3 main reasons of mental disorders.There were strong negative attitudes toward psychiatric patients,especially those with schizophrenia and mania.Conclusion:While the rate of correct recognition of mental disorders is acceptable when compared with similar studies in other parts of the world,negative attitude toward patients with mental disorder is still prevalent in China.

18.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1796-1800, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275338

ABSTRACT

An enzyme electrode biosensor was used for the amperometric determination of inosine in its tablets by co-immobilizing nucleoside phosporylase and xanthine oxidase on a hydrogen peroxide electrode. As a fundamental electrode the hydrogen peroxide electrode has an advantage of stability in analysis compared with the 02 electrode. The enzyme electrode showed a linear response to inosine in the range of 1-268 mg/L with a response of 60 seconds under a sample injection volume of 25 microL. Based on the enzyme electrode, inosine solutions were determined with an average recover rate of 100.8% and a relative standard deviation (RSD) of les than 0.14% in 20 assays. The lifetime of the enzyme electrode was relative long and could be used continuously at 25 degrees C for 25 days. These results demonstrated that the enzyme electrode biosensor could be used to determine inosine and its derivatives specifically, rapidly, conveniently and economically.


Subject(s)
Biosensing Techniques , Methods , Inosine , Sensitivity and Specificity
19.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 553-557, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-399790

ABSTRACT

Objective To study factors influencing injury severity of expressway traffic acci- dents. Methods Data of expressway traffic accidents involving casualties in areas around Hangzhou during 2005-2006 were collected and analyzed by non-conditional simple and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results (1) During 2005-2006, there were 220 traffic crashes involving 327 eases, of which there were 64 deaths (19.6%), 121 severe injuries (37.0%, ISS≥16 points) and 142 slight and mod- erate injuries (43.4%, 1 point≤ ISS≤15 points). (2) Non-conditional simple logistic regression analy- sis showed that risk factors significantly influencing the injury outcomes of traffic accidents included gen- der, weekday, weather, type of collision, vehicle type, driver category, purpose of vehicle use, purpose of travel and crash responsibility. (3) Non-conditional multiple logistic regression analysis manifested that influential factors were gender, type of collision, driver category and crash respensibihty. Conclu- sion Analysis of expressway traffic accidents data helps identify factors influencing injury severity of ex- pressway traffic accidents may provide suggestions for prevention or decrease of expressway traffic acci- dents.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-528829

ABSTRACT

Objective To approach the proliferative activities of Hodgkin's disease cells were transfected with mtrⅡ gene.Methods The ki67 and PCNA expression of Hodgkin's disease cells and those which were transfected with mtrⅡ gene by immunohistochemical technique respectively.Results The expression rate of ki67 and PCNA in Hodgkin's disease cells which were transfected with mtrⅡ gene was higher than that weren't transfected(P

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