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1.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 203-209, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the urodynamic characteristics in parkinsonian-type multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) and Parkinson′s disease (PD) patients with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) and to identify the differential diagnostic ability of urodynamic study.Methods:Sixty-eight MSA-P patients and 85 PD patients with LUTS who underwent urodynamic studies and were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from February 2017 to December 2020 were reviewed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the discriminatory power of urodynamic parameters.Results:Compared with PD, patients with MSA-P had shorter disease duration [2.70 (2.05, 3.00) years vs 5.00 (4.00, 6.00) years, Z=-7.44, P<0.001]. In free uroflowmetry (UFM) and pressure-flow study (PFS), patients with MSA-P showed lower maximal flow rate [Qmax; UFM-Qmax 6.00 (3.00, 8.75) ml/s vs 9.00 (6.00, 14.00) ml/s, Z=-4.31, P<0.001; PFS-Qmax[6.00 (3.00, 8.75) ml/s vs 9.00 (6.00, 14.00) ml/s, Z=-4.03, P<0.001] and larger postvoid residual [PVR;UFM-PVR 207.50 (113.75, 280.00) ml vs 45.00 (10.00, 117.50) ml, Z =-6.03, P<0.001; PFS-PVR 269.00 (148.75, 337.50) ml vs 75.00 (20.00, 167.50) ml, Z=-6.55, P<0.001)] with decreased compliance [42.65% (29/68) vs 14.12% (12/85), χ 2=15.68, P<0.001], decreased detrusor pressure at maximun flow rate [PdetQmax; 13.00 (6.00, 27.75) cmH 2O vs 27.00 (15.00, 39.50) cmH 2O, Z=-4.65, P<0.001; 1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa] and impaired contractility [43.00 (34.00, 59.25) vs 79.00 (46.50, 100.00), Z=-5.44, P<0.001]. Compared with the MSA-P patients, detrusor overactivity (DO) was prominent in PD [54.41% (37/68) vs 78.82% (67/85), χ 2=10.34, P=0.001]. The ROC curve results showed that PFS-PVR had highest area under the curve (AUC), which was 0.81 (95% CI 0.74-0.88, P<0.001), followed by UFM-PVR, bladder contractility index and PdetQmax (0.78, 0.76 and 0.72, respectively). Conclusions:Patients with MSA-P showed lower Qmax and larger PVR with decreased bladder compliance and impaired contractility, while patients with PD had higher incidence of DO. The ROC results showed that PFS-PVR had the highest AUC and specificity in the differential diagnosis of MSA-P and PD,indicating that urodynamic study is a useful tool in differential diagnosis of patients with MSA-P and PD with lower urinary tract symptoms.

2.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 302-306, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933077

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the urodynamic characteristics of bladder function in patients with abnormal urination after radical hysterectomy of cervical cancer.Methods:In a prospective self-controlled study, a total of 84 patients with cervical cancer and clinical stage of ⅠB to ⅡA, meeting the preoperative inclusion criteria in our hospital from January 2016 to June 2018 were enrolled.All patients were tested for urodynamic testing 1 week before and 6 months after surgery.Patient bladder function status was observed and evaluated before and after surgery and urodynamic examination results were analyzed.Results:Of 84 study cases, the 58 patients developed abnormal urination after radical surgery, there were no urination abnormalities in 26 cases.There was no significant difference in age, clinical stage and pathological diagnosis between patients with and without urination abnormalities.Abnormal urination after radical surgery included difficulty in urinating(55%), frequent urination with a feeling of urination not complete(34%), stress urinary incontinence(7%), and urinary incontinence(4%). Among the 26 patients without urination abnormalities after radical surgery, only one case showed an abnormal urodynamic examination(abnormal bladder sensation). In patients without abnormal urination after surgery, differences in the urodynamic examination findings between pre-and post-surgery were not statistically significant(all P> 0.05). At the same time, in all cases of abnormal urination after radical hysterectomy of cervical cancer, 43 patients(74%)with bladder dysfunction had normal urination pattern before operation, but after operation, the urination abnormality required abdominal pressure.Of the patients with bladder dysfunction after surgery, the maximum flow rate(Qmax)was(12.9±10.3)ml/s, the average flow rate(Qave)was(6.0±4.2)ml/s, the voided volume was(148.0±36.8)ml, voiding time was(32.9±22.1)s, maximum flow time was(11.4±5.0)s, postvoid residual urine was(260.2±219.2)ml, maximal detrusor pressure was(12.1±8.9)cmH 2O, bladder compliance was(16.1±4.3)ml/cmH 2O, normal desire to void was(354.5±204.3)ml, maximal capacity was(587.4±152.5)ml, maximum urethral pressure was(97.6±33.1)cmH 2O, maximum urethral closure pressure was(89.9±36.4)cmH 2O, and function urethral length was(29.6±6.5)mm; In comparison, the above indexes-corresponding values at 1 week before surgery were respectively as follows: the Qmax was(25.1±11.4)ml/s, the Qave was(11.4±6.6)ml/s, the voided volume was(318.6±96.4)ml, voiding time was(29.2±18.5)s, maximum flow time was(6.7±3.9)s, postvoid residual urine was(29.9±21.5)ml, maximal detrusor pressure was(31.9±21.4)cmH 2O, bladder compliance was(78.1±33.9)ml/cmH 2O, normal desire to void was(258.2±185.5)ml, maximal capacity was(335.1±124.9)ml, maximum urethral pressure was(96.4±33.9)cm H 2O, maximum urethral closure pressure was(88.5±35.2)cmH 2O, and function urethral length was(37.2±7.2)mm.It can be seen that Qmax, Qave, voided volume, maximum detrusor pressure, bladder compliance, and functional urethral length in patients with abnormal urination are significantly lower after radical hysterectomy of cervical cancer than before the surgery.While, normal desire to void, maximum capacity, maximum flow time, and postvoid residual urine volume were higher after radical hysterectomy than before surgery( P<0.05). In addition, there was no significant difference in voiding time, maximum urethral pressure and maximum urethral closure pressure between pre-and post-operation.Besides, it is worth noting that there was no significant difference in preoperative urodynamic test results between patients without abnormal urination versus patients with abnormal urination( P>0.05), and the difference in urodynamic test results between the two groups is statistically significant( P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in abnormal urination and in urodynamic test results between different clinical stages and between different pathological types( P>0.05). Conclusions:The characteristics of urinary dynamics in patients with abnormal urination after radical hysterectomy of cervical cancer are mainly manifested as decreased bladder sensory function and abnormal detrusor function.And the urodynamic test can provide objective clinical indicators for early diagnosis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 411-417, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932523

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of the static and dynamic pelvic floor MRI and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in evaluating the morphology and function of urethra in patients with stress urinary incontinence (SUI).Methods:From July 2020 to February 2021, a total of 28 patients with SUI and 45 age-matched healthy controls were prospectively collected at the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University. The static and dynamic pelvic floor MRI and DTI were performed for all subjects. The thickness of internal and external sphincter of middle urethra were measured on static MRI images. The functional urethral length (FUL) was measured both on static and maximal strain phase of dynamic MRI images, then the difference of FUL was calculated. The presence of bladder neck funneling and urethra opening were observed on static and dynamic MRI. The muscle fiber bundle image of urethral sphincter complex was obtained by post-processing of DTI original images. The anisotropy fraction (FA), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and three eigenvalues (λ1, λ2, λ3) of annular sphincter and central longitudinal muscle in middle urethra were measured. The independent sample t test and chi-square test were used to analyse the difference of measured parameters in MRI, parameters of DTI and imaging signs between the two groups. Results:Compared with healthy controls, the SUI patients showed that the thickness of external sphincter in middle urethral and FUL in static status and maximal strain phase were significantly decreased ( t=-3.95, -5.72, -8.41, all P<0.001), the difference of FUL between static status and maximal strain phase was significantly increased ( t=4.41, P<0.001). The positive rate of bladder neck funneling in static status and maximal strain phase, urethral opening in maximal strain phase of SUI group increased significantly (χ2=23.09 , 22.25, 26.59, all P<0.001). In SUI group, the FA value of middle urethral annular sphincter decreased significantly ( t=-3.48, P=0.001), while the ADC, λ2 and λ3 values increased significantly ( t=3.19, 2.15 , 2.06, and P=0.002, 0.038 , 0.046, respectively). There was no significant difference in DTI parameters of middle urethral longitudinal muscle between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Static and dynamic MRI and DTI techniques can objectively evaluate the changes of urethral morphology and function of SUI patients. The thinning of the external sphincter in the middle urethra, shortening of the FUL and the destruction of the microstructure of the annular sphincter fiber bundle were the main alterations of SUI patients.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930471

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence of overactive bladder (OAB) in Chinese boys and risk factors, and to evaluate the psychological and behavioral status of OAB patients.Methods:Cross-sectional study.From October 2020 to July 2021, 2 800 boys aged 6-15 years from 6 primary and secondary schools in a county of Henan Province were selected by stratified random cluster sampling method.An anonymous questionnaire was used to investigate the epidemiological situation of OAB, including the basic information, lower urinary tract symptoms, Overactive Bladder Score Scale (OABSS) scores, pediatric sleep questionnaire (PSQ) and strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ). In addition, the correlation between OAB and residence, body mass index (BMI), nocturnal enuresis (NE), overuse of diapers, history of urinary tract infection, abnormal stool, phimosis, redundant prepuce, and concealed penis by Chi- square test, Logistic multivariate regression analysis, and t-test. Results:A total of 2 333 valid questionnaires were collected.The overall prevalence of OAB in boys was 6.0%(141/2 333 cases). NE, history of urinary tract infection, abnormal stool, overuse of diapers, phimosis, redundant prepuce, concealed penis were risk factors for OAB in boys ( OR>1, P<0.05), while BMI was not a risk factor for OAB in boys ( OR<1, P>0.05). The emotional symptoms[ (7.64±2.03) scores vs.(6.51±2.53) scores], conduct problems [(8.14±1.62) scores vs.(7.31±1.88) scores], hyperactivity[(5.64±2.27) scores vs.(4.98±2.03) scores], peer communication problems [(7.16±1.63) scores vs.(6.59±1.60) scores], difficulty scores[(30.26±6.48) scores vs.(27.69±6.44) scores] and PSQ scores [(5.36±3.00) scores vs.(3.94±2.53) scores] in OAB group were significantly higher than those of non-OAB group ( t=-5.117, -5.005, -3.310, -4.056, -4.553, -5.006, respectively, all P<0.05). Conclusions:OAB in boys is common and affects mental health and sleep quality.Meanwhile, NE, history of urinary tract infection, abnormal stool, overuse of diapers, phimosis, redundant prepuce, or concealed penis are the risk factors for OAB in boys.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of microvascular flow imaging (MVFI) combined with high-frequency ultrasonography in children with haemophilic arthropathy A (HAA).Methods:Retrospective study.A total of 82 children diagnosed with HAA in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from October 2018 to October 2020 were recruited.The elbow, knee and ankle joints of each child were examined by high-frequency ultrasonography.The numbers of thickened synovial joints were recorded.Blood flow signals of the thickening of synovial joints was checked by the MVFI and power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS), respectively.Color flow signals were graded by the semi-quantitative scoring systems.The chi- square test and independent multi-group ordinal multi-category rank-sum test were used to compare the differences of MVFI and PDUS in the display of thickened synovial blood flow. Results:A total of 254 joints were involved in 82 children with HAA, including synovial hypertrophy in 188 joints, hydrops articuli in 146 joints, fibrotic septa in 66 joints, cartilage damage in 63 joints, haemosider indeposition in 45 joints, bone erosion in 25 joints, osteophytes in 15 joints and bone remodeling in 8 joints.Grade Ⅱ synovial thickened joints were the most common.The proportion of blood flow signals detected by PDUS in thickened synovial membranes was significantly higher than that detected MVFI (52.66% vs.70.21%, χ2=12.225, P<0.05). Numbers of grade 0 and Ⅰ joints with thickened synovial membranes detected by MVFI were less than those of PDUS, while the opposite result was obtained in detecting grade Ⅱ and Ⅲ joints ( H=21.158, P<0.05). Compared with PDUS, MVFI more sensitively visualized the blood flow of the thickened synovial membrane. Conclusions:MVFI can more prominently detect the thickened synovial blood flow in children with HAA.A combined application of MVFI and high-frequency ultrasonography contributes to the evaluation of children with HAA.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930412

ABSTRACT

Anorectal malformation (ARM) accounts for the first place of digestive tract malformations in children, with the incidence of 1/5 000-1/1 500 in newborns.ARM is typically manifested as anal stenosis or anal atresia with or without fistulas and persistent cloaca.Genitourinary malformation is the most common malformation associated with ARM, with the incidence ranging 26%-55%.There were 35%-50% of ARM children develop spinal cord peripheral abnormalities or neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction, which usually causes voiding dysfunction associated with ARM.Urodynamic study is the best method to analyze the changes of lower urinary tract function, which can provide an objective classification for bladder and urethral function and guide the formulation of precision treatment plan and therapeutic efficacy during the follow-up period.This study aims to review the cause of voiding dysfunction asso-ciated with ARM and its urodynamic changes.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908025

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze clinical data of infant donors with body weight ≤15 kg into children recipients, and to investigate the efficacy and complications under the strategy of pediatric donor to pediatric recipient (PTP) of pediatric kidney transplantation allocation.Methods:Clinical data of kidney transplantation for children with infant donors performed in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from August 2010 to December 2019 were collected.Clinical data of donors and recipients, postoperative adverse events, postoperative renal recovery, and human and renal survival were analyzed.Results:A total of 50 infant donors and 93 pediatric recipients were enrolled in this study.Recipients included 89 patients with single kidney transplantation (SKT) and 4 with en-bloc kidney transplantation (EBKT). The major perioperative complications were delayed graft function (DGF) (5 cases, 5.4%) and vascular thrombosis (VT) (3 cases, 3.2%), followed by recurrence of primary nephropathy (3 cases, 3.2%), respiratory tract infection (3 cases, 3.2%), and acute rejection (AR) (2 cases, 2.2%). During the follow-up period, the main cause of death was respiratory tract infection (4 cases, 4.3%). Except for the cause of death, the main causes of graft loss were rejection (2 cases, 2.2%) and recurrence of primary kidney disease (2 cases, 2.2%). Serum creatinine decreased progressively from (824.77±150.24) μmol/L preoperatively to (90.73±47.24) μmol/L 1 month postoperatively.In SKT group, the median follow-up time was 31 months (3-74 months), and the survival rates of recipients and transplanted kidneys at 1, 3 and 5 years postoperatively were 97.5%/94.2%, 96%/88.8% and 93.1%/86.1%, respectively.In EBKT group, the median follow-up time was 50 months (13-65 months), and the survival rates of recipients and transplanted kidneys at 1, 3 and 5 years postoperatively were all 100.0%.During the fo-llow-up period, there was no significant difference in the human/kidney survival rate between groups (all P>0.05), and well acceptable transplantation outcomes were obtained. Conclusions:Single/double kidney transplantation for children and adolescent recipients from infant donors in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University has achieved acceptable outcomes.Adopted by the PTP strategy, the incidence of complications after kidney transplantation does not increase, indicating its safety and reliability.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907898

ABSTRACT

Pediatric neurogenic bladder (PNB) is mostly caused by the dysplasia of lumbosacral spinal cord and nerve, and there is no effective treatment available at present.Bladder fibrosis occurs frequently in PNB, and the prevention and treatment of PNB fibrosis is still a challenge worldwide.Most PNBs develop bladder fibrosis over time, which is characterized by the thickened bladder wall, decreased bladder compliance, and obstruction of the bladder outlet.According to some studies, bladder fibrosis is not only related to bladder smooth muscle cells, but also epithelial cells and mesenchymal cells of bladder.However, the mechanism of fibrosis remains unclear.It has been reported that it is associated with the changes of transforming growth factor-β 1 (TGF-β 1)/ Smad, bladder high pressure and related angiotensin Ⅱ signal pathways.Although anti-fibrotic therapies that target a variety of factors have been employed in animal models, the clinical validation is still needed.It is required to conduct a further exploration on whether early clean intermittent catheterization could prevent the fibrosis in PNB patients with increased residual urine.In this paper, the research progress in PNB fibrosis would be reviewed, in order to provide reference for clinical practice.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 472-474, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911052

ABSTRACT

This study prospectively collected the clinical data of patients who received sacral neuromodulation(SNM)variable-frequency stimulation (VFS) mode from June 2020 to December 2020, in order to explore the efficacy and safety of VFS mode in the treatment of refractory lower urinary tract dysfunction. The inclusion criteria were as follows: ①SNM was implanted; ②age ≥18 years old; ③The traditional constant-frequency stimulation (CFS) mode has poor therapeutic effect, and can not be improved after repeated adjustment of stimulation parameters; ④Patients with overactive bladder (OAB) symptoms, who fail to respond to conservative treatment or are intolerant to conservative treatment; ⑤The drugs that affect the lower urinary tract symptoms and pelvic function should not be increased or decreased during the trial; ⑥provision of informed consent. A total of six patients meeting the criteria were included in the study, with three males and three females. The age ranged from 47 to 74 years, with an average age of 55 years. Among those patients, three cases were diagnosed of OAB, two cases were diagnosed of interstitial cystitis, and one case was diagnosed of neurogenic bladder. All patients had received CFS-SNM for an average of 20.6 months before upgrading to VFS mode, and suffered from severe frequency of urination at the same time. Compared with the severity of symptoms during the baseline period and the CFS period, a trend of improvement was found among four patients during the VFS period. The severity of symptoms was mainly based on the average daily urination frequency and OAB-Q score. For the two patients with interstitial cystitis, OAB symptoms worsened during the VFS period, while the VAS score did not change significantly. In general, VFS-SNM is not inferior to CFS-SNM in improving the symptoms of frequent micturition. For patients with interstitial cystitis, multiple sets of VFS parameters can be tried under the premise of satisfactory pain management.

10.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 886-889, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the urodynamic and clinical features of detrusor underactivity(DU)in elderly men aged 60 years and over.Methods:Five hundred and seventy-three men aged 60 years and over underwent urodynamic measurements due to dysuria were retrospectively analyzed.According to the urodynamic parameters of bladder contractibility index(BCI)and bladder outlet obstruction index(BOOI), they were divided into the three groups: only detrusor underactivity(DU group)(BCI<100 and BOOI<20), only bladder outlet obstruction(BOO group)(BCI≥100 and BOOI≥40), and the combined non-DU and non-BOO group(NDB group)(BCI≥100 and BOOI<20). The urodynamic and clinical features were compared between the three groups.Results:The internalized 323 patients meeting inclusion and exclusion criteria were divided into 3 groups: 75 in the DU, 207 in the BOO and 41 in the NDB.The age was higher in DU and BOO groups than in NDB group( P<0.05). The DU group versus the NDB group showed the higher levels or values in the volume at first desire(FDV)[(279±80)ml vs.(238±72)ml], the proportions of incomplete bladder emptying(41% vs.17%), urine flow interruption(39% vs.15%)and retention(26% vs.7%), and the lower levels in the voiding efficiency(VE)[(61±32)% vs.(110±41)%], (all P<0.05). The DU group vs.the BOO group showed the increased levels or values in the FDV[(279±80)ml vs.(206±67)ml]and maximum cytometric capacity(MCC)(353±113 ml vs.281±94 ml)and the proportions of urine flow interruption(39% vs.22%), TURP(26% vs.6%), and retention(26% vs.14%), and the decreased levels or values in the VE[(61±32)% vs.(78±37%)], the proportions of DO(41% vs.77%), urgency(26% vs.43%)and nocturia(23% vs.39%)(all P<0.05). Conclusions:The main urodynamic and clinical features are manifested as the reduction of bladder sensation and bladder emptying rate, urine flow interruption, urinary retention and having a TURP history in elderly man with detrusor underactivity.The proportions of DU and BOO are increased along with aging.

11.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1006-1010, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869520

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the urodynamic characteristics in Parkinson's disease(PD)versus multiple system atrophy(MSA)patients with lower urinary tract symptoms(LUTS).Methods:We performed a retrospective study in PD and MSA patients admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University and undergone urodynamic examinations from January 2016 to June 2019.A total of 178 patients, mean age(59.2±9.7)years were enrolled, with 64 PD patients, 74 MSA patients and 40 normal controls.Urodynamic parameters included maximum flow rate(Qmax), post-voided residual urine volume(PVR), bladder compliance(BC), overactive bladder(OAB), maximum cystometric capacity(MCC)and detrusor pressure at maximum flow rate(PdetQmax). Bladder function was assessed.Results:Frequent urination(68.8%)was the most common LUTS in PD patients, as opposed to urinary retention(91.9%)in MSA patients.The Qmax, PdetQmax and incidence of OAB were higher and the PVR were lower in PD patients than in MSA patients [free-flow(FF)-Qmax: (13.5±7.1)ml/s vs.(10.1±5.2)ml/s, U=26.98, P<0.01]; pressure-flow study(PFS)-Qmax: [(13.6±5.7)ml/s vs.(10.5±3.3)ml/s, U=34.90, P<0.01]; PFS-PdetQmax: [(23.9±11.3)cm H 2O vs.(16.3±8.6)cmH 2O, U=35.04, P<0.01]; OAB: (46.9% vs.27.0%, χ2=5.85, P<0.01); FF-PVR: [(30.4±20.0)ml vs.(161.7±79.8)ml, U=-71.81, P<0.01]; PFS-PVR: [(65.9±30.7)ml vs.(212.6±83.0)ml, U=-65.29, P<0.01]. Compared with the control group, the incidences of OAB and PFS-PVR were increased and the MCC and PdetQmax were decreased in the PD group(OAB: 46.9% vs.7.5%, χ2=6.15, P<0.018); PFS-PVR: [(65.9±30.7)ml vs.(22.2±10.4)ml, U=47.25, P<0.01]; MCC: [(305.1±79.7)ml vs.(389.6±65.2)ml, U=-52.13, P<0.01]; PdetQmax: [(23.9±11.3)cmH 2O vs.(37.3±10.3)cmH 2O, U=-49.88, P<0.01]. Compared also with the control group, the MSA group had a lower Qmax, PdetQmax and MCC, FF-Qmax: [(10.1±5.2)ml/s vs.(16.3±4.7)ml/s, U=-50.11, P<0.01]; PFS-Qmax: [(10.5±3.3)ml/s vs.(13.1±5.0)ml/s, U=-27.54, P<0.05]; PdetQmax: [(16.3±8.6)cmH 2O vs.(37.3±10.3)cmH 2O, U=-84.92, P<0.01]; MCC: [(284.3±71.8)ml vs.(389.6±65.2)ml, U=-39.31, P<0.01], a higher PVR, lower bladder compliance(BC)and a higher incidence of OAB(FF-PVR: [(161.7±79.8)ml vs.(22.0±13.0)ml, U=84.82, P<0.01]; PFS-PVR: [(212.6±83.0)ml vs.(22.2±10.4)ml, U=112.54, P<0.01]; BC: (28.4% vs.7.5%, χ2=6.81, P<0.01); OAB: (27.0% vs.7.5%, χ2=17.62, P<0.01). Conclusions:PD and MSA patients with LUTS have bladder dysfunction.MSA patients have more serious bladder dysfunction than PD patients.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864336

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects and mechanism of cystostomy on young rats′ bladders function.Methods:Eighty female SD rats were divided into cystostomy group, sham operation group (the two groups included day 1, 3, 5 after operation), control group(it included day 1, 3, 5 after operation) and medicine intervention group by using random number table, there were 8 rats in each group.Cystometry was conducted in cystostomy group (day 1, 3, and 5 postoperative subgroup), and voided interval (VI), voided volume (VV), postvoid residual urine (PVR), bladder capacity (BC), maximum bladder pressure (Pves.max), bladder threshold pressure (Pves.thr), and bladder compliance(△C) were recorded.The rats in sham operation and control groups voided freely in the condition of diuresis by intravenous infusion saline, and VV, PVR and BC were recorded.Bladders′ tissues were collected for HE staining and histopathological inflammation scores (HIS) after urodynamic investigations.In medicine intervention group, different doses of anisodamine were applied and the changes of VI, VV, PVR, BC, Pves.max and Pves.thr were observed.Results:The trend of VV, VI, BC and △C was upwards on days 1, 3, and 5 postcystostomy.Meanwhile, compared with control group [VV: (1.408±0.033) mL, BC: (1.411±0.032) mL], VV and BC on day 1 and 3 postcystostomy were less[VV: (0.288±0.059) mL, (0.598±0.154) mL; BC: (0.292±0.059) mL, (0.601±0.154) mL]. There were statistically significant differences ( P<0.05). However, VV, PVR and BC on day 5 postcystostomy were not different from that of control group(all P>0.05). HE staining demonstrated that the HIS of days 1 and 3 postcystostomy and day 1 post-sham operation were in severe inflammatory phase, with HIS >4 scores.Additionally, the inflammation on day 5 in cystostomy group and days 3-5 in sham operation group were mild (HIS<2 scores). The correlation test of BC and HIS was negative( r=-0.880, P<0.001). After the application of anisodamine on dose of 0.2 mg/kg, VI, VV and BC of the young rats on day 3 postcystostomy significantly increased, compared with those before intervention [(643.500±65.889) s, (1.073±0.110) mL, (1.076±0.110) mL vs.(367.938±77.697) s, (0.612±0.129) mL, (0.617±0.129) mL, all P<0.05], while PVR, Pves.max and Pves.thr did not significantly change compared with those before intervention. Conclusion:The recent abnormal changes of urodynamics postcystostomy were related to the traumatic acute bladder inflammation in the young rats.On day 5 after the surgery, the bladder function basically returned to normal with the regression of the acute bladder inflammation.Anisodamine at 0.2 mg/kg dose could effectively relieve the symptoms of overactive bladder postcystostomy.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864221

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate changes in the bladder morphological structure and function and the expression of transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) pathway-related proteins in the bilateral spinal nerve amputated neurogenic bladder(NB) rat.Methods:A total of 64 female SD rats were included, and 32 of them underwent bilateral spinal nerve L6+ S1 amputation to construct the NB model and the others were used as sham operation controls.Rats in both NB and control groups received bladder cystometry 3, 6, 12, 24 weeks after corresponding operation.Collagen fibers in their bladder tissues were detected by Masson staining and Sirius scarlet staining.TGF-β1, Smad2 and Smad6 proteins were checked by immunohistochemical staining.TGF-β1 receptor Ⅰ protein was measured by Western blot.Results:Bladders in the NB group were instable, with bladder leak point pressure(BLPP) and underactive voiding pressures.The basal pressure [(22.10±2.51), (18.20±1.52), (31.20±2.82), (41.10±3.41) cmH 2O(1 cmH 2O=0.098 kPa)] and bladder volume [(22.30±1.72), (49.10±5.54), (30.30±2.68), (13.50±1.52) mL] of the NB rats at 3, 6, 12 and 24 weeks were significantly higher than those of the sham operation controls[(3.51±0.45) cmH 2O and (0.52±0.04) mL], and the difference were significant(all P<0.05). The bladder size and thickness in the NB group firstly increased (3, 6 weeks) and then decreased (12, 24 weeks), but the bladder weight increased continuously.Masson staining showed disordered fibrous connective tissues, disintegrated layered bla-dder wall, hypertrophied smooth muscle tissues and deposited intramuscular collagen on the nerve-amputated bladder wall.Sirius scarlet staining suggested that 24 weeks after nerve amputation, collagen Ⅲ increased greatly, and the ratio of type Ⅲ/Ⅰ collagen fibers (3.14±0.71) was significantly higher than that in the sham group (0.88±0.21) ( t= 7.48, P<0.01). According to the immunohistochemical staining results, the expressions of TGF-1β and Smad2 increased while the pathway inhibitory protein Smad6 decreased with time in the NB group.Western blot showed that the expression of TGF-β1 receptor Ⅰ in the amputated bladder was 1.3 and 1.6 folds higher than that in the sham group 12 weeks and 24 weeks after operation( t=6.06, 14.45, all P<0.01). Conclusions:In NB rats with bilateral spinal nerve amputated, bladder contraction becomes paralysis, intravesical pressure increases, bladder normal structure disintegrates and the fibrosis pathway TGF-β1/Smads is activated.Therefore, the key step of development of pediatric NB is bladder fibrosis, which should be prevented as early as possibly in the clinical practice.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823697

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is still unclear.Although OAB is defined as "overactive bladder",the lesion is not confined to the bladder,studies have been showed that urethral instability (URI) can also induce symptom of OAB.The author has observed 146 children with OAB and found that URI is one of the causes of OAB,and also has a significant effect on the treatment of OAB.Recently,the role of URI played in OAB has gradually been emphasized,however,the research of URI is still controversial.At present,the first-line treatment of OAB is mainly anticholinergic drugs for the detrusor overactivity,and lack of diagnosis and related treatment measures in urethral dysfunction.The updated progress of URI in children with OAB were summarized in this review.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823691

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on the expression of aquaporin 2-3 after the release of unilateral ureter obstruction in young rats.Methods Twenty-four SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups(CUUO-R group,CUUO-R + EPO group and sham group,with 8 rats in each group).The CUUO-R model was built through unilateral ureteral ligation,after 48 h the obstruction was released.EPO was given to the CUUO-R + EPO group at the time point of removing obstruction,and then repeated every other day for 1 week,and the same volume of saline was simultaneously given to the CUUO-R rats.The rats in sham group experienced the laparotomy and free dissection of left ureter but not ligation.The kidneys were harvested 7 d after the release of CUUO.The methods of Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to examine the effects of erythropoietin on the expression of AQP2 and AQP3.Results The osmotic pressure of CUUO-R + EPO group was higher than those of CUUO-R group,but lower than that of sham group (P =0.007).The concentration of creatinine and urea in the CUUO-R group [(58.001 ± 2.416) μmol/L and (9.025 ± 1.158) mmol/L] were higher than those of CUUO-R + EPO group [(57.072 ± 2.286) μmol/L and (1.479 ± 0.043) mmol/L] and sham group [(54.820 ± 1.536) μmol/L and (6.929-±0.604) mmol/L].The differences of the concentration of creatinine and urea between CUUO-R group and sham group were statistically significant (P < 0.05).There was no significant difference between CUUO-R + EPO group and Sham group(P > 0.05).The immunohistochemistry showed that the expressions of AQP2 and AQP3 in collecting duct in CUUO-R group were significantly weaker than those of in sham group,and the expression of those in CUUO-R + EPO group were slightly weaker than sham group.These results were further confirmed by Western blot,as the relative quantity of AQP2 and AQP3 were also the lowest in CUUO-R group (AQP2 in 3 groups were 0.974 ± 0.109,1.923 ± 0.097 and 2.002 ± 0.044,F =392.4,P =0.000;AQP3 in 3 groups were 0.941 ± 0.048,1.497 ± 0.043 and 1.863 ± 0.043,F =735.8,P =0.000).Conclusions EPO treatment is beneficial for the recovery expression of AQP2 and AQP3 as well as renal function at the early period after the release of ureteral obstruction in young rats.

16.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 933-937, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801238

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the urodynamic characteristics and clinical significance of bladder function in patients with parkinsonism dominant multiple system atrophy (MSA-P) with abnormal urination. @*Methods@#The clinical data of 58 patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) and urinary dysfunction who were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2015 to June 2018 were analyzed. The bladder function status of MSA-P patients was evaluated, and the characteristics of urinary motility examination results were analyzed. @*Results@#According to the diagnostic criteria, 51 patients were MSA, and seven patients were suspicious, all diagnosed as MSA-P. All MSA-P patients had abnormal urination with different symptoms, including dysuria (77.6%), frequent urination (62.1%), urgency (62.1%), urinary incontinence (65.5%), urinary retention (12.1%). Of the MSA-P patients with abnormal urination, the maximum flow rate (Qmax) was (12.46±2.85) ml/s, the average flow rate (Qave) was (5.19±2.06) ml/s, the voided volume was (171.73±11.47) ml, postvoid residual urine was (136.15±10.47) ml, maximal detrusor pressure was (20.78±3.55) cmH2O, bladder compliance was (16.59±2.91) ml/cmH2O, normal desire to void was (223.64±11.02) ml, and maximal capacity was (287.57±12.51) ml. The Qmax, Qave, voided volume, maximal detrusor pressure, bladder compliance, normal desire to void, and maximal capacity of patients with MSA-P with abnormal urination were significantly decreased, while the bladder residual urine volume was significantly increased, with statistically significant differences compared to normal reference values (P<0.05). @*Conclusion@#The urinary motility of bladder function in patients with MSA-P and urinary abnormalities is mainly characterized by decreased bladder compliance and detrusor dysfunction, while urodynamic testing is helpful for early diagnosis.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752239

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of erythropoietin(EDO)on the expression and function of aqua_porin_1( AQD _1)in the kidney of young male SD rats after release of bilateral ureter obstruction( BUO _ R). Methods Porty_eight young SD rats were randomly divided into bilateral ureteral complete obstruction(BUO)group (n﹦6),BUO_R group(n﹦12),BUO_R﹢EDO group( n﹦12)and Sham group( n﹦18). The BUO model was built through bilateral ureteral ligation. BUO group were killed after 24 h,and BUO_R group and BUO_R﹢EDO group were relieved after obstruction of 24 h. EDO(500 U∕kg)was given to BUO_R﹢EDO rats at 1 h after release of BUO,and then repeated 1 d,3 d and 5 d thereafter and the same volume of 9 g∕L saline was simultaneously given to BUO_R rats. The Sham group was prepared in parallel by laparotomy and free dissection of bilateral ureters but not ligated,both side kidneys and blood samples were collected on 3 d and 7 d(24 h,3 d,7 d for Sham group)after release of BUO. The u_rine samples were collected by using metabolic cage before death. The plasma osmotic pressure,creatinine(Cr)and u_rea nitrogen(BUN)in the plasma of young rats were detected. The expression of AQD_1 protein in all groups of kidney tissues was detected by adopting immunohistochemistry and Western blot. Results On day 3 after release of BUO,24 h water intake and urine volume of BUO_R﹢EDO group were higher than those of Sham group,but lower than those of BUO group(P〈0. 05),the urine osmotic pressure of BUO_R﹢EDO group was higher than that of BUO group,but lower than that of Sham group(P〈0. 05),while plasma osmotic pressure,Cr and BUN of BUO_R﹢EDO group were higher than those of Sham group,but lower than those of BUO group(P〈0. 05),and they were all of lower than BUO group( P 〈0. 05). On day 7 after release of BUO,there was no obvious change in Sham group,and the indexes of BUO_R group and BUO_R﹢EDO group gradually recovered,but they still did not reach the normal level(P〈0. 05). The difference between BUO_R group and BUO_R﹢EDO group was statistically significant(P〈0. 05). The immuno_histochemical results showed that the expression of AQD_1 in collecting duct in BUO group was significantly down_regulated compared with that in Sham group,whereas it was slightly weaker in BUO_R group and BUO_R﹢EDO group than that of Sham group(P〈0. 05). Compared with 3 days after release of BUO,the staining intensity of BUO_R﹢EDO group and BUO_R group was enhanced,but still lower than that of the Sham group. These results were further confirmed by adopting Western blot,and BUO group was also the lowest of the four groups,and BUO_R﹢EDO group was higher than that of BUO group,but lower than that of Sham group( P〈0. 05). Conclusion EDO can promote not only the recovery of AQD_1 protein expression but also the recovery of renal function in young BUO_R rats.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803540

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the effect of nursing intervention on the biofeedback effect of functional constipation in children.@*Methods@#A total of 112 children (4-16 years old) who were diagnosed with functional constipation in the Department of Pediatric Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University were randomly divided into the experimental group (54 cases) and the control group (53 cases). Children in the experimental group were treated with biofeedback training and personalized nursing intervention for functional constipation in children. The control group used biofeedback combined with traditional nursing intervention to treat functional constipation in children. The WHO-5 (World Health Organization′s five physical and mental health) scales were used to compare the effects of the two groups and were followed up for 3-6 months.@*Results@#A total of 107 children completed the study, 54 in the experimental group and 53 in the control group. There were no significant differences in the scores of the WHO-5 scale and clinical symptoms between the two groups before the intervention (P>0.05). After intervention, the total score of WHO-5 in the experimental group was (21.69± 2.28), the total score of clinical symptoms was (6.56±1.16), the total score of WHO-5 in the control group was (17.85±3.189), and the total score of clinical symptoms was (9.04±2.121). The difference was significant (t=-7.146, t=7.491, P<0.01).@*Conclusion@#Personalized nursing intervention can enhance the effect of biofeedback training on children and adolescents with functional constipation and improve their quality of life.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803175

ABSTRACT

The pathogenesis of overactive bladder syndrome (OAB) is still unclear.Although OAB is defined as " overactive bladder" , the lesion is not confined to the bladder, studies have been showed that urethral instability (URI) can also induce symptom of OAB.The author has observed 146 children with OAB and found that URI is one of the causes of OAB, and also has a significant effect on the treatment of OAB.Recently, the role of URI played in OAB has gradually been emphasized, however, the research of URI is still controversial.At present, the first-line treatment of OAB is mainly anticholinergic drugs for the detrusor overactivity, and lack of diagnosis and related treatment mea-sures in urethral dysfunction.The updated progress of URI in children with OAB were summarized in this review.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803170

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) on the expression of aquaporin 2-3 after the release of unilateral ureter obstruction in young rats.@*Methods@#Twenty-four SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups(CUUO-R group, CUUO-R+ EPO group and sham group, with 8 rats in each group). The CUUO-R model was built through unilateral ureteral ligation, after 48 h the obstruction was released.EPO was given to the CUUO-R+ EPO group at the time point of removing obstruction, and then repeated every other day for 1 week, and the same volume of saline was simultaneously given to the CUUO-R rats.The rats in sham group experienced the laparotomy and free dissection of left ureter but not ligation.The kidneys were harvested 7 d after the release of CUUO.The methods of Western blot and immunohistochemistry were used to examine the effects of erythropoietin on the expression of AQP2 and AQP3.@*Results@#The osmotic pressure of CUUO-R+ EPO group was higher than those of CUUO-R group, but lower than that of sham group(P=0.007). The concentration of creatinine and urea in the CUUO-R group[(58.001±2.416) μmol/L and (9.025±1.158) mmol/L]were higher than those of CUUO-R+ EPO group [(57.072±2.286) μmol/L and (1.479±0.043) mmol/L] and sham group [(54.820±1.536) μmol/L and (6.929±0.604) mmol/L]. The differences of the concentration of creatinine and urea between CUUO-R group and sham group were statistically significant(P<0.05). There was no significant difference between CUUO-R+ EPO group and Sham group(P>0.05). The immunohistochemistry showed that the expressions of AQP2 and AQP3 in co-llecting duct in CUUO-R group were significantly weaker than those of in sham group, and the expression of those in CUUO-R+ EPO group were slightly weaker than sham group.These results were further confirmed by Western blot, as the relative quantity of AQP2 and AQP3 were also the lowest in CUUO-R group(AQP2 in 3 groups were 0.974±0.109, 1.923±0.097 and 2.002±0.044, F=392.4, P=0.000; AQP3 in 3 groups were 0.941±0.048, 1.497±0.043 and 1.863±0.043, F=735.8, P=0.000).@*Conclusions@#EPO treatment is beneficial for the recovery expre-ssion of AQP2 and AQP3 as well as renal function at the early period after the release of ureteral obstruction in young rats.

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