Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 41
Filter
Add filters








Year range
1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1375-1381, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877261

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To investi gate the role of clinical pharmacists in the treatment of delayed excretion of acute renal failure (ARF) with epileptic seizure caused by HD-MTX in a patient ,and to provide reference for rational drug use and pharmaceutical care in such type of patients. METHODS :A patient with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was given HD-MTX for chemotherapy,and ARF caused by delayed methotrexate excretion occurred on the second day after methotrexate administration. Clinical physicians adjusted the rescue dose and frequency of calcium folinate but the effect was poor. Clinical pharmacists analyzed the causes of delayed methotrexate excretion by reviewing literature and combining with the patient ’s condition. It was suggested to monitor the blood concentration of methotrexate ,strengthen alkalization and hydration ,increase the volume of intravenous sodium bicarbonate from 125 mL to 250 mL,take Sodium bicarbonate tablets orally ,and monitor the pH value of urine (pH value of urine maintained above 7). In addition ,the pharmacist told the patient to drink water as much as possible to ensure the daily urine output reached 3 000 to 4 000 mL. The blood concentration of methotrexate was 16.14 μmol/L 44 h after administration ,which proved to be excretion delay. The patient had epileptic seizure on the 13th day after methotrexate medication. The physician gave sodium valproate 0.8 g intravenously to control epilepsy. The clinical pharmacist conducted pharmaceutical care for the patient ,and found that the compliance of the patient taking Sodium bicarbonate tablets and Sodium valproate tablets orally was not good ,so medication education and pharmaceutical care were conducted ,then the patient accepted and took the drugs on time. RESULTS : The physician adopted the suggestions of the pharmacist to monitor the blood concentration of methotrexate and performed symptomatic treatment. The urine volume of the patient increased ,the edema was reduced ,serum creatinine gradually returned to normal,and renal function recovered gradually ;the symptoms of epilepsy was controlled. CONCLUSIONS :In the treatment process of ARF complicated with epileptic seizure caused by excretion delay of HD-MTX ,the clinical pharmacist assisted physician to improve the treatment plan and conducted pharmaceutical care and medication education for the patient ,therefore ensure the safe and rational use of drugs .

2.
Journal of Leukemia & Lymphoma ; (12): 593-598, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907220

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of blood routine and blood biochemical indicators for immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy-related interstitial pneumonia (IP) in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL).Methods:The data of 151 newly-diagnosed DLBCL patients treated with rituximab combined with chemotherapy in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from December 2017 to October 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. According to whether IP occurred, the patients were divided into IP group and non-IP group. The patient's clinical data and baseline laboratory test results were collected. The differences in clinicopathological features and laboratory indicators between IP group and non-IP group were analyzed. In addition, the relationship between the variety of blood routine and blood biochemical indicators and the occurrence of IP was analyzed. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve of the selected indicators to predict the occurrence of IP was drawn, and the predictive performance of each indicator was analyzed.Results:The incidence of IP was 9.3% (14/151) in DLBCL patients after receiving immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy. The lymphocyte count (LYM) in IP group at the first diagnosis was higher than that in non-IP group [1.60×10 9/L (1.40×10 9/L, 2.51×10 9/L) vs. 1.28×10 9/L (0.89×10 9/L, 1.78×10 9/L), U=-2.194, P=0.028], but there was no significant difference in the levels of platelet count, neutrophil count, monocyte count, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), α-hydroxybutyrate dehydrogenase (α-HBDH), serum albumin (ALB) and the proportion of patients with elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) between the two groups (all P > 0.05). Compared with the laboratory indicators in non-IP group before the 4th cycle of treatment, LYM and ALB in IP group were significantly reduced at IP onset [0.72×10 9/L (0.46×10 9/L, 0.92×10 9/L) vs. 0.93×10 9/L (0.71×10 9/L, 1.15×10 9/L), 32.9 g/L (28.6 g/L, 34.9 g/L) vs. 40.3 g/L (36.1 g/L, 43.1 g/L)], but LDH and α-HBDH increased [332 U/L (255 U/L, 396 U/L) vs. 233 U/L (200 U/L, 286 U/L), 277 U/L (206 U/L, 315 U/L) vs. 189 U/L (159 U/L, 229 U/L)], and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). The proportion of patients with elevated CRP in IP group was high than that in non-IP group [100.0% (14/14) vs. 56.9% (78/137), P=0.001]. The area under ROC curve of LYM, ALB, LDH and α-HBDH alone for predicting the occurrence of IP was 0.668, 0.820, 0.789 and 0.802. The best cut-off values of ALB, LDH and α-HBDH was 34.6 g/L, 241 U/L and 199 U/L. ALB had the highest sensitivity for predicting the occurrence of IP (81.8%). The areas under ROC curve of ALB+LDH, ALB+α-HBDH, LDH+α-HBDH, ALB+LDH+α-HBDH for predicting the occurrence of IP was 0.850, 0.844, 0.777 and 0.851, respectively. LDH+α-HBDH had the highest predictive sensitivity (92.9%), but the specificity was low (53.3%). The prediction sensitivity (both 78.6%) and specificity (both 86.1%) of ALB+LDH and ALB+LDH+α-HBDH were high. Conclusions:DLBCL patients are at risk of IP during immunotherapy combined with chemotherapy. The increased LYM at initial diagnosis is a risk factor for the occurrence of IP. The variety of LYM, ALB, LDH, α-HBDH and CRP during the treatment may be related to the occurrence of IP. Among them, ALB, LDH and α-HBDH have important predictive values for the occurrence of IP.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910415

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the activity concentration of 131I aerosol in the air of the iodine treatment workplace and estimate the internal dose of 131I inhaled by medical staff in nuclear medicine. Methods:Using CF-1001BRL portable large capacity air sampler, the 131I aerosol in the iodine treatment workplace of nuclear medicine department of 6 hospitals in Shandong province was collected by iodine box, and the HPGe-γ energy spectrometer was used to measure the samples. The 131I activity concentration in iodine treatment workplace at 6 hospitals was obtained, and the internal dose to medical staff was estimated. Results:The 131I activity concentration in the air in iodine treatment workplaces at 6 hospitals ranged from 3.64 to 2.94×10 3 Bq/m 3. The 131I activity concentration in the controlled area (ward, patient passageway, subpacking room, operation administration room) was significantly higher than that in the supervised area. The highest 131I activity concentration, 2.62×10 2 Bq/m 3, in the supervised area was found in the medical care passageway. The estimated effective dose to nuclear medicine workers was 0.07-5.68 mSv, not exceeding the national limit. Conclusions:The phenomenon of 131I aerosol contamination still exists in the iodine treatment workplaces of nuclear medicine departments in hospitals, so it is necessary to carry out internal radiation monitoring for nuclear medicine departments all around the country, and explore more reasonable protection standards and methods.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798780

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To estimate the doses to patients from ERCP operation through experimental measurements.@*Methods@#A retrospective analysis was made of 56 ERCP operations in three hospitals, and meanwhile, the tube voltage and current, fluoroscopy time, accumulated doses, DAPs (dose-area product) and photographic frames were also recorded for statistical analysis. Three cases of RECP operation that had led to high, medium and low DAP values were selected, respectively, as high, medium and low dose groups based on anthropomorphic phatom (AP). ERCP operation was simulated on AP on the basis of putting TLDs in it. The absorbed doses of organs were measured while effective doses while calculated.@*Results@#The effective doses for high, medium and low groups were 2.69, 11.52 and 39.27 mSv, respectively. The effective dose was 14 times higher in high dose group than that in low group. The highest organ doses for three groups were all concentrated in the irradiation fields.@*Conclusions@#Organ doses from ERCP phantom experiments vary largely in different groups. Compared with phantom experiments of other interventional types, ERCP can be regarded as one of interventional means leading to high-dose. It is advisable to reasonably and safely use intervention diagnosis and therapy and in order optimize radiation doses to patients.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868400

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the doses to patients from ERCP operation through experimental measurements.Methods A retrospective analysis was made of 56 ERCP operations in three hospitals,and meanwhile,the tube voltage and current,fluoroscopy time,accumulated doses,DAPs (dose-area product) and photographic frames were also recorded for statistical analysis.Three cases of RECP operation that had led to high,medium and low DAP values were selected,respectively,as high,medium and low dose groups based on anthropomorphic phatom (AP).ERCP operation was simulated on AP on the basis of putting TLDs in it.The absorbed doses of organs were measured while effective doses while calculated.Results The effective doses for high,medium and low groups were 2.69,11.52 and 39.27 mSv,respectively.The effective dose was 14 times higher in high dose group than that in low group.The highest organ doses for three groups were all concentrated in the irradiation fields.Conclusions Organ doses from ERCP phantom experiments vary largely in different groups.Compared with phantom experiments of other interventional types,ERCP can be regarded as one of interventional means leading to high-dose.It is advisable to reasonably and safely use intervention diagnosis and therapy and in order optimize radiation doses to patients.

6.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1891-1896, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823362

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the benefit and risk of tirofiban in the treatment of acute coronary syndrome (ACS),and to provide evidence-based reference for clinical drug selection and decision. METHODS :Retrieved from domestic and foreign database as PubMed ,the Cochrane Library ,CNKI and Wanfang database ,during the establishment of database to Apr. 2020,two researcher independently screened the literature based on inclusion and exclusion criteria and extracted the data. After the quality evaluation of the included literatures ,based on rapid health technology assessment ,the extracted results were classifiedly evaluated and comprehensively analyzed. RESULTS :A total of 13 researches of systematic review/Meta-analysis and 1 research of pharmacoeconomics were included. Compared with placebo ,tirofiban could significantly reduce all-cause mortality [OR =0.68, 95%CI(0.54,0.86),P=0.000 1] and the incidence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE)in patients with ACS [RR =0.24, 95%CI(0.14,0.40),P<0.01],and increased the incidence of TIMI 3 [OR=5.73,95%CI(2.99.10.97),P<0.01]. Tirofiban and eptifibatide had similar therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of ACS ,but tirofiban significantly increased the risk of TIMI small bleeding in patients with ACS [RR =0.61,95%CI(0.38,0.98),P=0.04]. For ACS patients with non-ST elevation (NSTE-ACS), compared with placbo ,tirofiban significantly reduced the incidence of MACE [RR =0.76,95% CI(0.61,0.96),P=0.018],but significantly increased the risk of bleeding [OR =1.49,95%CI(1.12,1.98),P=0.006],while there was no significant difference in its effects on the all-cause mortality of NSTE-ACS patients (P>0.05). For STEMI patients ,compared with placebo ,tirofiban significantly reduced the all-cause mortality [RR=0.61,95%CI(0.35,1.05),P=0.007] and the incidence of MACE [RR =0.63,95% CI(0.44,0.90),P=0.007]. When combined with liposuction ,tirofiban also significantly reduced the incidence of MACE [RR = 2.05,95%CI(1.71,2.46),P<0.01],and significantly increased the incidence of TIMI 3 [OR=3.18,95% CI(2.4,4.22),P< 0.01],but there was no significant difference in its effects on bleeding risk (P>0.05). The included pharmacoeconomic study showed that patients treated with bivalutine could get 10.07 QALYs,patients treated with heparin combined with tirofiban could get 9.98 QALYs,and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio bivalutine compared to the latter one was 28 575.77 yuan/QALYs,which was lower than 3 times of the per capita GDP of some cities. CONCLUSIONS :Tirofiban has good efficacy in the treatment of ACS,but it can increase the risk of bleeding than eptifibatide and placebo. Domestic bivalirudin treating for ACS has a cost-effectiveness advantage over tirofiban combined with heparin.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803095

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL) with the all-seeing needle system(Microperc)for the treatment of upper urinary calculi in children.@*Methods@#Retrospective analysis of 25 cases of upper urolithiasis treated with Microperc from November 2016 to January 2018 in Guizhou Provincial People′s Hospital was performed, including 18 boys and 7 girls.The age of patients was (6.4±3.9) years(10 months-14 years), and 4 cases were less than 3 years old.Among them, 3 cases had upper ureteral calculi and 22 cases had renal calculi.The mean stone size was 14.5 mm(8-20 mm). Stone fragmentation was performed by using a 200 μm holmium(YAG laser fiber).@*Results@#All patients were successfully treated in stage I. In 6 patients, access was achieved through the 4.8Fr all-seeing needle method.Conversion to mini-PCNL (10-12Fr) was required in 19 patients due to intraoperative bleeding and high stone burden.The duration of operation time was (60.8±15.1) min (40-100 min). The mean postoperative drop in hemoglobin was (7.5±5.4) g/L, and no patient required blood transfusion.The hospital stay was (4.9±1.2) days (3-6 days). There were residual fragments in 3 patients, and the overall stone-free rate at 4 weeks was 88%(22/25 cases). Four cases had a fever(Clavien grade Ⅰ) complications, while no grade Ⅱ and grade Ⅲ complications were observed.@*Conclusions@#Microperc can establish a surgical channel through visual images quickly and safely, and it greatly reduces the risk and difficulty in doing operation.This technology is not only suitable for learner of surgery, but also for patients with mild hydronephrosis and children with calculus.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823671

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL) with the all-seeing needle system (Microperc) for the treatment of upper urinary calculi in children.Methods Retrospective analysis of 25 cases of upper urolithiasis treated with Microperc from November 2016 to January 2018 in Guizhou Provincial People's Hospital was performed,including 18 boys and 7 girls.The age of patients was (6.4 ± 3.9) years (10 months-14 years),and 4 cases were less than 3 years old.Among them,3 cases had upper ureteral calculi and 22 cases had renal calculi.The mean stone size was 14.5 mm(8-20 rmm).Stone fragmentation was performed by using a 200 μm holmium (YAG laser fiber).Results All patients were successfully treated in stage I.In 6 patients,access was achieved through the 4.8Fr all-seeing needle method.Conversion to mini-PCNL (10-12Fr) was required in 19 patients due to intraoperative bleeding and high stone burden.The duration of operation time was (60.8 ± 15.1) min (40-100 rain).The mean postoperative drop in hemoglobin was (7.5 ± 5.4) g/L,and no patient required blood transfusion.The hospital stay was (4.9 ± 1.2) days (3-6 days).There were residual fragments in 3 patients,and the overall stone-free rate at 4 weeks was 88% (22/25 cases).Four cases had a fever(Clavien grade Ⅰ) complications,while no grade Ⅱ and grade Ⅲ complications were observed.Conclusions Microperc can establish a surgical channel through visual images quickly and safely,and it greatly reduces the risk and difficulty in doing operation.This technology is not only suitable for learner of surgery,but also for patients with mild hydronephrosis and children with calculus.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-708087

ABSTRACT

Objective To estimate the absorbed dose and effective dose to the examined adult patients during digital tomosynthesis and to provide reference data for radiation dosimetry.Methods The phantom experiments were grouped according to the examined site(main beam scanned site),and the data displayed in real time during digital tomosynthesis are used as conditions for the phantom experiments.The effective doses to the examined patients were estimated on the basis of phantom scanning and tissue-absorbed dose calculation.Results During digital tomosynthesis,the effective doses to the examined patients of various groups were 0.524 mSv for head,0.736 mSv for cervical spine,2.719 mSv for thoracic vertebra,1.810 mSv for chest,1.240 mSv for lumbar spine,2.317 mSv for abdomen and 2.316 mSv for pelvis,respectively.Conclusions During digital tomography,the highest value of effective doses was estimated to be 2.719 mSv in thoracic vertebra group,followed by abdominal group 2.317 mSv and pelvic group 2.316 mS,with the lowest 0.524 mSv in head group.The main factors influencing the effective dose include tube voltage,total mAs,irradiation field size,main beam irradiation range,and the number of tissues or organs in scanned range.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704106

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the improvement of cognitive impairment in patients with mild and moderate vascular cognitive impairment( VCI) treated with cerebralcare granule ( CG) and basic treat-ment.Methods From October in 2014 to December in 2016 year,143 cases of VCI patients were admitted from six hospitals in some areas of Hebei Province as the research objects,and divided into CG treatment group (experimental group,n=98) and conventional treatment group (control group,n=66).Three months and six months after treatment,the score of mental state examination ( MMSE) ,the Montreal cognitive assess-ment scale ( MoCA) and the daily living capacity scale( ADL) of the two groups were compared after 3 and 6 moths of treatment.Results ①The total score of MMSE in the experimental group was higher than that of the control group for six months after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant ( ( 23. 76 ± 4.02) vs (21.52±5.13),P<0.05).②Six months after treatment,the total score of MoCA ((21.06±4.66) vs (18.32±5.20)) and visual spatial/executive function((3.05±1.37) vs (2.42±1.66)),calculation force ((2.24±0.84) vs (1.83±1.05)) and orientation ability((5.20±1.12) vs (4.06±1.35)) scores in the ex-perimental group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05) .③Six months after treat-ment,the ADL score in the experimental group was lower than that before treatment,and the difference was statistically significant((24.96±8.74) vs (29.20±11.55),P<0.05);while there was no significant difference in the ADL score between the experimental group and the control group after 6 months (P>0.05).Conclusion CG can improve cognitive function in mild to moderate VCI patients,mainly in visual space/execution func-tion,calculation ability and orientation ability,and with the extension of treatment time,the curative effect is more obvious.

11.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 394-398, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512325

ABSTRACT

Objective Visceral pain in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) may be associated with the abnormal processing of pain in the central nervous system.The aim of the study is to investigate the characteristic changes of brain functions in the IBD patients using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) with the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF) algorithm.Methods This study included 27 cases of IBD treated in our hospital from December 2015 to August of 2016 and 21 healthy volunteers as normal controls.We recorded the high-resolution structure imaging and rs-fMRI data, compared the brain activities of the two groups patients by ALFF analysis, and evaluated the correlation of the ALFF values with the clinical parameters of the IBD patients.Results Compared with the normal control group, the IBD patients showed significantly decreased ALFF values in the medial frontal gyrus, right putamen, right insula, left middle cingulate gyrus (MCC), and bilateral supplementary motor region (P<0.05), increased ALFF values in the middle frontal gyrus, left superior frontal gyrus, and medial prefrontal lobe region (P<0.05).The ALFF values in the inferior parietal lobule, precuneus and MCC of the IBD patients were correlated negatively with the blood sedimentation rate (r=-0.537,-0.588, and-0.588, P<0.05), disease course (P<0.05), and C-reactive protein (CRP) level (P<0.05), while that in the medial frontal gyrus positively with the CRP level (r=-0.623, P<0.001).Conclusion IBD patients have abnormal ALFF values in various brain regions, mainly in those involved in the processing of visceral pain and emotion.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-510310

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the activity of Crohn’s disease (CD)by using the quantitative parameter of dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI).Methods 50 CD patients with ileocecal solitary lesion were recruited in this study.All of patients underwent con-ventional and DCE-MRI.The quantitative parameter of volume transfer constant (Ktrans )and the clinical data including Harvey-Brad-show index (HBI)and C-reactive protein (CRP)were recorded.(1)the reliability and repeatability of Ktrans measurement were analyzed. (2)the correlation between Ktrans value and clinical data was analyzed by using Pearson analysis.(3)according to HBI,all of the CD patients were divided into severe group,mild-moderate group,and static group.The differences of Ktrans values among the three groups were compared by using Mann-Whitney U test.Results (1)the reliability of Ktrans measurement was high (Cronbach’s Alpha=0.993).(2)there was positive correlation between HBI and Ktrans(r=0.635,P<0.001),and between CRP and Ktrans(r= 0.764,P<0.001).(3)there was significant difference of Ktrans value between the static group and the mild-moderate group (P<0.001),be-tween the static group and the severe group (P<0.001),and.between the mild-moderate group and the severe group (P<0.001). Conclusion Quantitative parameter of DCE-MRI (Ktrans )had a high reliability and can be used to assess the inflammation activity of CD.

13.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 498-501, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-464481

ABSTRACT

[Abstract ] Objective Stenosis is a common complication of Crohn′s disease (CD), different treatments for different cau-ses.The article aimed to investigate bowel stenosis by the application of MRI diffusion-weighted imaging(DWI) and explore its value of identifying CD. Methods From Jan 2014 to Jun 2014, 31 patients with histologically proven CD (18 males and 13 females;mean age:38.90 ±13.65 years) were recruited in this approved retrospective study .All patients underwent conventional 3.0T MRI and DWI sequences .According to the most serious stenosis part identified by MRI , DWI sequence examination was added and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the lesion was measured.All patients would undergo colonoscopy in 24 hours.According to the endo-scopic manifestations and pathological results , the patients were divided into inflammatory group (n=21) and fibrotic group (n=10). We observed the difference of ADC between two groups and worked out the cutoff points . Results In the inflammatory group , the ADC value andthe mean ADC value of stenosis bowel wall were (1.01 ±1.83) ×103 mm2/s and (1.40 ±0.23) ×103 mm2/s, whereas (0.53 ±1.03) ×103 mm2/s and (0.80 ±0.16) ×103 mm2/s in the fibrotic group(P<0.05).The area under receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.981 (95%confidence interval 0.943-1.000), taking 1.11 ×103mm2/s as the cutoff point.The sensitivity of low ADC values in detecting inflammatory bowels was 90.5%, and the specificity of high ADC values in excluding inflammatory bowels was 100%. Conclusion Different pathological components limit the movement of water molecular at different degrees , therefore quantitative parameters can be acquired by measuring ADCs , which contributes to the identification and diagnosis of CD secondary bowel stenosis.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462088

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical outcomes derived from Ningmitai combined with tamsulosin to prevent double-J stent syndrome after laser lithotripsy with ureteroscope. Methods 117 patients underwent laser lithotripsy with ureteroscope and then placed a double-J stent for draining were collected from January 2010 to January 2013. Patients with double-J stent placement were divided into four groups determined by dosage regimen. Tamsulosin group (30 cases) was treated with tamsulosin (0.4 mg once daily) lonely, Ningmitai group (29 cases) was treated with Ningmitai (1.52 g, trice time a day) lonely, tamsulosin combined Ningmitai group (30 cases) was treated with tamsulosin and Ningmitai at the same time, operation control group (28 cases) was neither tamsulosin nor Ningmitai. The catheter was removed on the 3rd day post-lithotripsy and then remained double-J stent for 1 month. The scores of urinary tract, pain and the incidence of gross hematuria were assessed. Results The significant differences in the improvement of symptom score (χ2=22.038, P=0.000), pain score (χ2=9.876, P=0.020) and hematuria (χ2=8.000, P=0.046) were found among tamsulosin group, Ningmitai group, and tamsulosin combined Ningmitai group. The number of patients with symptomless, slight symptom in tamsulosin combined Ningmitai group were higher than those of tamsulosin group, Ningmitai group, operation control group (symptomeless:14 vs. 6, 3 and 2 cases;slight symptom:13 vs. 9, 5, 4 cases). The number of patients with>Ⅱpain score (7 vs. 9, 14, 17 cases) and incidence of hematuriag [26.6%(8/30) vs. 56.7%(17/30), 58.6% (17/29), 53.6% (15/28)] were lower in tamsulosin combined Ningmitai group than those of tamsulosin group, Ningmitai group, operation control group. The drug combination of Ningmitai with tamsulosin had the synergism to relived symptom and pain, and showed the more obviousthan lonely use. Conclusion The drug combination of Ningmitai with tamsulosin can be used in clinic for prophylactic purpose to prevent double-J syndrome.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 2677-2679,2680, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-605143

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To optimize the management of drug inventory so as to reduce days of drug turnover. METHODS:Depending on the information management system of the hospital,the method of quality control circle was used to analyze the rea-sons of long days of drug turnover,corresponding measures for continuous improvement were developed,and the effects of the ac-tivities in the quality control circle were evaluated on the basis of the rate of achieving the goal and the growth rate of circle mem-bers. RESULTS:In the activities of the quality control circle,based on the factors such as personnel,drugs and the method,corre-sponding measures were developed in respect of permanent applicants for drugs,the upper and lower limits of drugs to be gotten by the applicant,the increase in the frequency of purchase,“zero inventory”management for part of drugs,and the optimization of the generation program of purchase orders,where the percentage of the drugs with the turnover days within 15 d was increased from 72% to over 85%,the rate of achieving the goal was 107.9%. All the circle members significantly grew as to the application of the method of quality control circle,sense of responsibility,initiative,team spirit,communication and coordination,with growth rate of 12%-28%. CONCLUSIONS:The activities of the quality control circle have achieved a good effect in optimizing the drug inventory management of our hospital and increased the percentage of the drugs with the turnover days within 15 d.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 511-513, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454203

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role and clinical significance of GSTM 3 ( glutathione S-trans-ferase mu 3) expression in prostate cancer (PCa). Methods We had used the two-dimensional fluores-cence difference gel electrophoresis ( 2D-DIGE) and mass spectral analysis to further verify the microarray data of mRNA expression profiling discovered .GSTM3 mRNA level was detected by Rael-time Quantitative PCR ( RT-QPCR) in 28 pairs of prostate cancer tissue and benign tissue .The relationship of GSTM 3 level with the serum PSA level and the clinical feature of PCa were analyzed . Results In 2D-DIGE study, we found that the expression of GSTM 3 protein in adjacent tissues was significantly higher than that in PCa tis-sues (P0.05) and prostate cancer clinical pathological parameters ( P>0.05). Conclusions GSTM3 expression is down-regulated in PCa tissues, and we may identify PCa by detecting the GSTM 3 expression .

17.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3284-3286, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-453987

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the safety and efficacy of the 2μm laser and the bipolar electrotome used in transurethral re-section of bladder tumor(TURBT)for treating non-muscle invasive bladder cancer(NMIBC).Methods The clinical data in the pa-tients with NMIBC treated by TURBT in our hospital from March 2009 to May 2013 were retrospectively analyzed.All patients were divided into the 2μum laser group(n=89)and the bipolar electrotome group(n=82).The operation time,complications,post-operative hospital stay and recurrence rate were compared between the two groups.Results There were no statistically significant differences in the operation time,postoperative hospital stay and recurrence rate between the two groups(P>0.05).Compared with the 2 μm laser group,the bipolar electrotome group showed significantly higher occurrence rate of the obturator nerve reflex (20.7%vs.0,P<0.05)and the bladder perforation(7.3% vs.0,P<0.05)and longer postoperative bladder irrigation time [(3.1±0.9)d vs.(2.2±1.0)d,P<0.05],the differences between the two groups had statistical significance.Conclusion Com-pared with bipolar electrotome,the 2μm laser used in TURBT is safe and effective with few complications for treating NMIBC.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-436840

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the calculational method for the radiotherapy facilities of the medical linear accelerator' s useful beam towars its maze.Methods The shielding calculation was made under the relevant national standards for a radiotherapy treatment room and compared with the test results.Results The dose rates at the maze entrance as calculated and measured were 89 and 86 μSv/h inside the maze door,as well as 5.7 and 6.2 μSv/h outside the maze door,respectively.The calculated results were consistent with measured results.Conclusions By comparison of calculated results with measured results,the accuracy of the theoretical calculation method could be verified.

19.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3479-3480,3483, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598701

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the timing of super-selective renal artery embolization (SRAE) for the treatment of renal hemorrhage after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) .Methods From June 2005 to February 2013 ,a total of 2 165 patients with upper urinary tract calculi underwent PCNL (2 384 PCNL procedures) and 16 of them suffered severe bleeding (0 .74% ) .In the 16 cases ,SRAE was used .The medical records of all the 16 cases were retrospectively analyzed .Results In 16 patients ,15 patients were successful with the first SRAE ,but 2 of them underwent an additional pure renal artery angiography (1 patient before SRAE and 1 patient after SRAE);1 healed after the second SRAE .The mean blood loss and transfusion volume were 32 .9 g/L and 250 mL before the first angiography/SRAE ,and an additional 3 .2 g/L and 0 mL before the second try .Although 1 patient died ,the oth-ers were recovered without complications .Conclusion SRAE should be adopted early for the treatment of severe renal hemorrhage after PCNL .However ,a second try should be considered for the repeated bleeding patients after the negative results of first renal artery angiography or SRAE .

20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1059-1069, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-342416

ABSTRACT

Escherichia coli NZN111 is a promising strain with ldhA and pflB genes inactivated for the production of succinic acid. However, with these mutations, NAD+ could not be regenerated from NADH, and an unbalanced NADH/NAD+ ratio eliminated cell growth and glucose utilization under anaerobic conditions. Nicotinic acid mononucleotide adenylyltransferase (NAMNAT), encoded by the nadD gene, catalyzes the reaction from nicotinic acid mononucleotide (NaMN) to nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide (NaAD) during the synthetic pathway of NAD(H). Overexpression of the nadD gene could enhance the concentration of NAD(H) and maintain a suitable NADH/NAD+ ratio. In this study, we constructed a recombinant strain E. coli NZN111/pTrc99a-nadD, and overexpressed NAMNAT with 1.0 mmol/L of IPTG under anaerobic conditions in sealed bottles. Compared to E. coli NZN111, the concentrations of NAD+ and NADH in the recombinant strain increased by 3.21-fold and 1.67-fold, respectively. The total concentration of NAD(H) was increased by 2.63-fold, and the ratio of NADH/NAD+ decreased from 0.64 to 0.42. The recombinant strain restored the cell growth and glucose utilization under anaerobic conditions. After 72 h, the recombinant strain could consume 14.0 g/L of glucose to produce 6.23 g/L of succinic acid, and the concentration of succinic acid was 19-fold higher than in E. coli NZN111.


Subject(s)
Anaerobiosis , Escherichia coli , Genetics , Metabolism , Glucose , Metabolism , Mutation , NAD , Metabolism , Nicotinamide-Nucleotide Adenylyltransferase , Genetics , Metabolism , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Succinic Acid , Metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL