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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 29-33, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809762

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze the antimicrobial resistance profile in Chinese children.@*Methods@#This was a prevalence survey. From January 1 through December 31, 2016, the isolates were collected from 10 tertiary children hospitals in China. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was carried out by routine laboratory methods. The penicillin susceptibility of streptococcus pneumonia and Meropenem susceptibility of gram-negative bacteria were detected by E-test and disk diffusion method respectively. Antimicrobial susceptibility results were interpreted according to the criteria of Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) Guideline 2016. The data of antimicrobial susceptibility testing of isolates from either the different patients (neonatal group and non-neonatal group) or various sources were analyzed by WHONET 5.6 software.@*Results@#A total of 56 241 isolates were collected, of which 41.5% (23 328 isolates) were gram-positive organisms and 58.5% (32 886 isolates) gram-negative organisms. The five leading pathogens were Escherichia coli (7 995/56 214, 14.2%), Straphylococcus aureus (6 468/56 214, 11.5%), Streptococcus pneumonia (6 225/56 214, 11.1%), Haemophilus influenza (5 435/56 214, 9.7%) and Klebsiella pneumonia (4 523/56 214, 8.0%). The Meropenem resistance rates of Klebsiella pneumonia, Enterobacter cloacae, Escherichia coil, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumonia isolates were 27.4% (326/1 189) , 8.1% (29/358) , 2.0% (27/1 362) , 19.5% (34/174) , 49.7% (230/463) in neonatal group and 15.4% (512/3 327) , 4.8% (40/841) , 2.3% (151/6 564) , 13.7% (252/1 840) , and 53.4% (860/1 611) in non-neonatal group. The Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) rates of neonatal group and non-neonatal group were 46.2% (649/1 404) and 33.3% (1 668/5 010) . The penicillin non-susceptible rates of Streptococcus pneumonia in the two groups were 17.6% (6/34) and 18.2% (1 121/6 158) respectively. The β-lactamase positive rates of Haemophilus pneumonia isolates in the neonatal group and non-neonatal groups were 33.8% (47/139) and 44.4% (2 345/5 282) respectively.@*Conclusion@#This investigation highlights the worrisome trend of antimicrobial resistance in children, especially among neonatal patients in China.

2.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1861-1863, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-661098

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the protein content determination method respectively by Folin-Ciocalteu method and Coomass-ie brilliant blue binding method for mannatide oral solution and compare the results. Methods:The limit of detection, linearity, accu-racy, repeatability, recovery and content of Folin-Ciocalteu method and Coomassie brilliant blue binding method were investigated. Re-sults:As for Folin-Ciocalteu method, the limit of detection was 0. 2 μg, the range of linearity was 0-112. 0 μg(r=0. 9990), the av-erage recovery was 105. 2%(RSD=1. 9%), the RSD of accuracy was less than 1%, and the content result of three batches of samples was 47. 45, 58. 34 and 40. 99 μg·ml-1, respectively. As for Coomassie brilliant blue binding method, the limit of detection was 0. 8 μg, the range of linearity was 0-99. 6 μg(r=0. 9980), the average recovery was 102. 0%(RSD=2. 7%), the RSD of accuracy was less than 1%, and the protein content of samples was not detected out by the method. Conclusion:Folin-Ciocalteu method can be used to determine the protein content in mannatide oral solution reliably and efficiently.

3.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1861-1863, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the protein content determination method respectively by Folin-Ciocalteu method and Coomass-ie brilliant blue binding method for mannatide oral solution and compare the results. Methods:The limit of detection, linearity, accu-racy, repeatability, recovery and content of Folin-Ciocalteu method and Coomassie brilliant blue binding method were investigated. Re-sults:As for Folin-Ciocalteu method, the limit of detection was 0. 2 μg, the range of linearity was 0-112. 0 μg(r=0. 9990), the av-erage recovery was 105. 2%(RSD=1. 9%), the RSD of accuracy was less than 1%, and the content result of three batches of samples was 47. 45, 58. 34 and 40. 99 μg·ml-1, respectively. As for Coomassie brilliant blue binding method, the limit of detection was 0. 8 μg, the range of linearity was 0-99. 6 μg(r=0. 9980), the average recovery was 102. 0%(RSD=2. 7%), the RSD of accuracy was less than 1%, and the protein content of samples was not detected out by the method. Conclusion:Folin-Ciocalteu method can be used to determine the protein content in mannatide oral solution reliably and efficiently.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1364-1369, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496284

ABSTRACT

[ ABSTRACT] AIM:To investigate the role of ATP-sensitive potassium ( KATP ) channels in the inhibitory effect of hydrogen sulfide ( H2 S) on high glucose ( HG)-induced inflammation mediated by necroptosis in H 9c2 cardiac cells. METHODS:The expression levels of receptor-interacting protein 3 ( RIP3; an indicator of necroptosis ) and cyclooxyge-nase-2 (COX-2) were determined by Western blot.The levels of interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α( TNF-α) were detected by ELISA .RESULTS:After H9c2 cardiac cells were treated with 35 mmol/L glucose ( HG) for 24 h, the expression of RIP3 was significantly increased .Pre-treatment of the cells with 100 μmol/L diazoxide ( DZ; a KATP channel opener) or 400 μmol/L NaHS (a donor of H2S) for 30 min considerably blocked the up-regulation of RIP3 induced by HG.Moreover, pre-treatment of the cells with 100 μmol/L 5-hydroxydecanoic acid (5-HD; a KATP channel blocker) attenuated the inhibitory effect of NaHS on HG-induced up-regulation of RIP3.On the other hand, co-treatment of the cells with 100μmol/L necrostatin-1 ( a specific inhibitor of necroptosis ) or pre-treatment of the cells with 100 μmol/L DZ or 400 μmol/L NaHS attenuated HG-induced inflammatory responses , evidenced by decreases in the expression of COX-2 and secretion levels of IL-1βand TNF-α.However , pre-treatment of the cells with 100 μmol/L 5-HD significantly attenuated the above anti-inflammatory effects of NaHS.CONCLUSION:KATP channels play an important role in the inhib-itory effect of H2 S on HG-induced inflammation mediated by necroptosis in H 9c2 cardiac cells.

5.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1015-1018, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-494034

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the quality status of lithium carbonate tablets and lithium carbonate sustained-release tablets. Methods:The samples were examined in accordance with the statutory standard,and the exploratory studies were carried out. The results were statistically analyzed. Results:In accordance with the statutory standard,among 120 batches of samples, only one was unqualified in dissolution,and the others were qualified. The qualified rate was 99. 2% . Conclusion:The quality of the most products meets the current standard and the quality evaluation standard needs to be improved.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the relationship between serum cystatin-C (Cys-c) levels and vibrating perception threshold (VPT) in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).
@*METHODS@#According to the symptoms, signs and results of lab examination, a total of 352 patients with T2DM were divided into a diabetic peripheral neuropathy group (DPN group, n=107) and a non-diabetic peripheral neuropathy group (NDPN group, n=245). Serum Cys-c levels were measured by radioimmunoassay method. The relationship between serum Cys-c levels and VPT, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR), glucose and blood pressure and other parameters were also analyzed by correlation and multiple regression analysis. All T2DM patients were divided into a high Cys-c levels group (n=89) and a low Cys-c levels group (n=263) according to the upper quartile of Cys-c, and the incidence of DPN and VPT levels in each group were compared. Risk factors of DPN in T2DM patients were analyzed by binary logistic regression analysis and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to identify the optimal cutoff of serum Cys-c levels for predicting DPN in patients with T2DM.
@*RESULTS@#Serum Cys-c levels were significantly higher in the DPN group than that in the NDPN group [(1.04±0.43) vs (0.80±0.25) mg/L, P0.996 mg/L, the predicts have high risk of DPN in T2DM patients, which might be related to diabetic nephropathy, oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction induced by advanced age, hyperglycemia and hypertension.


Subject(s)
Cystatin C , Blood , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Blood , Diabetic Neuropathies , Blood , Humans , Incidence , Perception , Physiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Vibration
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-470608

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of intrathecal injection of α-cyano-4-hydroxy-cinnamate (4-CIN) in rats with neuropathic pain induced by chronic constriction injury of sciatic nerve (CCI).Methods Eighteen male SD rats were divided randomly into 3 groups(n=6):sham group (group S),CCI model group (group C0) and 4-CIN group (group C1).Group C0 and C1 were operated with the model of neuropathic pain induced by chronic constriction injury of sciatic nerve ; and group S were treated as sham operated rats.Two days after operation,group C1 received intrathecal injection of 100 μmol 4-CIN dissolved in 10% DMSO 10 μl,while group C0 received intrathecal injection of 10% DMSO 10 μl only.The paw withdrawal thermal latency(PWTL) and paw withdrawal mechanical threshold(PWMT) were tested 1 d before operation and 1 d,3 d,7 d,10 d,14 d after operation(T0-5).Results The basic values of PWMT and PWTL before operation showed no statistically significant differences among the three groups.On T1-5,the PWMT((11.71 ±2.81) g,(9.76± 1.00) g,(8.22± 1.33) g,(6.50± 1.48) g,(4.67± 1.03) g) and PWTL((11.36±2.18) s,(11.60±2.54) s,(8.54± 1.42) s,(7.59± 1.00) s,(6.88± 0.42) s) in group C0 were significantly lower than those in group S (P<0.05).However,there were no significant differences between group S and C1 on T2-5(P>0.05).Conclusion Intrathecal administration of 4-CIN can attenuate neuropathic pain in rats induced by CCI.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815512

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To determine the changes of Mu-opioid receptor (Mor) and neuron-restrictive silencer factor (NRSF) in periaquductal gray (PAG) in mouse models of remifentanil-induced postoperative hyperalgesia.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two Kun-Ming mice were randomly divided into 4 groups (8 mice in each group): Group C (mice underwent a sham procedure and saline was infused subcutaneously over a period of 30 min), Group I (mice underwent a surgical incision and the same volume of saline), Group R (mice underwent a sham procedure and remifentanil was infused subcutaneously at the moment of surgical incision over a period of 30 min), and group IR (mice underwent a surgical incision and remifentanil). Paw withdrawal mechanical threshold (PWMT) and paw withdrawal thermal latency (PWTL) tests were performed 24 h before the operation and 2, 6, 24, and 48 h after the operation. The specimens were collected after behavioral testings at 48 h. The expressions of Mor and NRSF in mice's PAG neurons were determined by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia developed in Group I, R and IR (P<0.01). Intraoperative infusion of remifentanil enhanced mechanical allodynia and thermal hyperalgesia in mice with planta incision (P<0.01). In Group R and Group IR, the expression of Mor was significantly lower (P<0.01) and NRSF was significantly higher (P<0.01) when compared with Group C and Group I.@*CONCLUSION@#Intraoperative infusion of remifentanil induces postoperative hyperalgesia in mouse models, accompanied with decreased expressions of Mor and increased of NRSF level in PAG neurons, which may be involved in remifentanil induced hyperalgesia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Hyperalgesia , Mice , Pain, Postoperative , Periaqueductal Gray , Metabolism , Piperidines , Receptors, Opioid, mu , Metabolism , Remifentanil , Repressor Proteins , Metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1424-1435, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-345582

ABSTRACT

We analyzed the whole genome coding sequence of Volvariella volvacea to study the pattern utilization of codons by Codon W 1.4.2. As results, 24 optimal codons were identified. Moreover, the frequency of codons usage was calculated by CUSP program. We compared the frequency of codons usage of V. volvacea with other organisms including 6 modal value species (Homo sapiens, Saccharomys cerevisiae, Arabidopsis thalian, Mus musculus, Danio rerio and Drosophila melanogaster) and 4 edible fungi (Coprinopsis cinerea, Agaricus bisporus, Lentinula edodes and Pleurotus ostreatus). We found that there were less differences in 3 edible fungi (excluding Pleurotus ostreatus) than 6 modal value species, comparing with the frequency of codons usage of V. volvacea. With software SPSS16.0, cluster analysis which showed differences in the size of codon bias, reflects the evolutionary relationships between species, which can be used as a reference of evolutionary relationships of species. This was the first time for analysis the codon preference among the whole coding sequences of edible fungi, serving as theoretical basis to apply genetic engineering of V. volvacea.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Genetics , Animals , Arabidopsis , Genetics , Cluster Analysis , Codon , DNA, Fungal , Genetics , Drosophila melanogaster , Genetics , Humans , Mice , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Genetics , Software , Volvariella , Genetics , Zebrafish , Genetics
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 14-24, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-445495

ABSTRACT

As an extension of the structure-based drug discovery, fragment-based drug discovery is matured increasingly, and plays an important role in drug development. Fragments in a small library, with lower molecular mass and high "ligand efficiency", are detected by SPR, MS, NMR, X-ray crystallography technologies and other biophysical methods. Then they are considered as starting points for chemical optimization with the guidance of structural biology methods to get good "drug-like" lead and candidate compounds. In this article, we reviewed the current progress of fragment-based drug discovery and detailed a number of examples to illustrate the novel strategies.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-427758

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of 153Sm-EDTMP combined ibandranate in treatment of osseous metastasis of lung cancer.Methods 100 patients with osseous metastasis of lung cancer were randomly divided into two groups.The patients received intervenous drop infusion of 153Sm-EDTMP and ibandranate in treatment group( n =52).The patients received therapy with 153Sm-EDTMP in control group( n =48).The differentces of effect of odynolysis,locomotor activity,improvement of quality of life,recovery of osteolysis,toxical and adverse reaction between two groups were compared.Results The overall response rate 94.2% in treatment group was significantly higher than that 64.5 % in control group( x2 =4.78,P < 0.0.5 ) ;The activity to improve situation 82.6% in treatment group was significantly higher than that 64.5% in control group( x2 =4.13,P < 0.05 ) ;The total effective rate of quality of life improve the situation 84.6% in treatment group was significantly higher than that 62.5% in control group( x2 =4.58,P <0.05 ) ;The side effects had no significant difference between two groups ( x2 =0.345,P > 0.05).Conclusion The treatment of 153Sm-EDTMP combined with ibandranate in the treatment of osseous-metastasis of lung cancer was effective for relieving pain,improvement locomotor activity,improvement of quality of life,recovery of osteolysis.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nursing ; (12): 298-299, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-402988

ABSTRACT

This paper summarizes the experiences of observation and nursing of postoperative complications in 28 patients underwent orthopedic surgery for correction of severe kyphoscoliosis,the Cobb's angle was(150.0±25.3)°. Postoperative nursing focused on monitoring of patients' vital signs,observation of the feeling and motor function of lower limbs and wound drainage,nursing care of gastrointestinal reaction and respiratory complications. The postoperative complications were controlled effectively after timely treatment. There was no any severe complications of spine-cord injury after stage-II surgery.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-388918

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of iodine-131(131Ⅰ) therapy on patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma concurrent metastases.Methods 50 cases with differentiated thyroid carcinoma after operation ac-cording to metastaticsites were given one of fractionated treatment,a total removal of dose(370~740)×107Bq,inter-val of 4 months.Results 35 of 50 patients(70.O%) had successful ablation of residual thyroid tissue after the first administration of radioiodine.Metastatic carcinoma in 18 cases,6 cases(33.3%) were cured,effective treatment was shown in 8 cases(44.4%)and treatment failure in 4 cases(22.2%);Thyroid metastasis before treatment were signifi-cantly higher than non-HTG thyroid metastasis(t=2.715,P<0.01),decreased significantly after treatment(t=2.844,all P<0.01);The contents of CD4+、CD8+、CD4+/CD8++ in treatment group after treatment[(26.5±4.7)%、(39.4±5.7)%、(0.6±0.4)%] were lower than before treatment[(38.3±5.6)%、(29.8±6.9)%、(1.4±0.5)%](t=2.345,t=2.244,t=2.451,all P<0.05).Conclusion Treatment with multiple hlsh doses of 131Ⅰ was safe and effective with little adverse side-effect.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381048

ABSTRACT

Objective To develop an oligonucleotide array to detect single nucleotide mutations in 23S rRNA gene.Methods Primers and probes targeting A2142G.A2143G and C2182T mutations in 23S rRNA gene were designed tp develop an oligonucleotide array.Samples were performed by an asymmetric PCR and the PCR products were hybridized with the specific DNA microarray chips.Non fluorescence-labeled PCR products were cloned into T vectors.The results of oligonucleofide array were confirmed by direct DNA sequencing and evaluated by minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC).Results The results obtained from oligonucleotide microarray were identical to those of direct sequencing.In 54 Helicobacter pylori samples,oligonucleotide microarray indicated that no A-to-C transition at 2142 was found,and the mutant rate of A2143G was 11.11 % (6/54),the mutant rate of C2182T was 12.96% (7/54).A2143C,A2143T,C2182A and C2182G mutations were not found.The other specimens were wild-type.All the above results were the same as that of MIC tests.Conclusions The oligonucleofide microarray is a reliable and accurate genotyping assay for clarithromycin-resistance of Helieobaeter pylofi.It is high-throughput screening method for gastric mucosa and improve the application of strategy for personalized therapy.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680852

ABSTRACT

Radix Ginseng and Rhizoma Chuanxiong were identified and the content of ginsenoside Rg_1 was determined by TCL scanning. The results showed that the content of ginsenoside Rg_1 ranged between 0.01770% and 0.01826%, the recovery rate of ginsenoside Rg_1 was 99.94% and the coefficient of variation derived from samples was 1.659%. This method is found to be stable, accurate and reliable.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-680836

ABSTRACT

The effect of Wei Yao on three kinds of experimental gastric ulcer rat models was reported. It was found that the drug can decrease the ulcer index and reduce the severity of gastric ulcer, and possesses an analgesic effect. The long-term toxicity test of Wei Yao showed that the drug was safe and nontoxic.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-681026

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish the checking method for ginsenoside Rg 1 content in Radix Notoginseng and Qianliexiankang Capsules. Methods: Radix Notoginseng, Fructus Psoraleae and Fructus Forsythlae in Qianliexiankang Capsule were identified by TLC. The ginsenoside Rg 1 content in Qianliexiankang Capsules was determined by HPLC on HP Eclipse XDB C 18 column (4.6mm?150mm,3.5?m); using methanol water (55∶45) as a mobile phase; flow rate at 0.4ml/min; detection wavelength at 205nm. Results: The average recovery is 97.12% and RSD is 0.9% (n=5).Conclusion: The method is simple, sensitive, accurate and reproducible.

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